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Zupanic Anze A Centre for Integrated Systems Biology of Ageing and Nutrition, Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, NE4 5PL, United Kingdom Department of Environmental Toxicology, Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland daryl.shanley@ncl.ac.uk - - 2014
Ribo-Seq maps the location of translating ribosomes on mature mRNA transcripts. While during normal translation, ribosome density is constant along the length of the mRNA coding region, this can be altered in response to translational regulatory events. In the present study, we developed a method to detect translational regulation of ...
Hu Wangxiong W College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China; Cancer Institute, Second Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310009, China; Zhejiang-California International Nanosystems Institute, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, - - 2014
miRNA is increasingly being recognized as a key regulator of metabolism in animals. A wealth of evidence has suggested that miRNA mainly binds 3' UTR of mRNA and modulates the cell activities via repressing the mRNA translation. However, as the translation initiates at 5' UTR, cis elements like upstream open ...
Yu Zhang Long ZL State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China; Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, - - 2014
Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs), which are evolutionarily conserved pattern recognition receptors from insects to mammals, recognize bacterial PGN and function in antibacterial innate immunity. The existence of alternative splicing is a common feature for PGRP family. Here the splicing pattern from the splicing at the 5' end of PGRP6 gene ...
Sousa Vítor V IAP-FMUC-Institute of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; Pathology Institute, Coimbra University Hospital (HUC-CHUC), Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world with a high mortality rate. We analyzed 45 surgical samples of the adenocarcinoma, 13 with lymph node metastasis. APC, BCL2, chromogranin A, CK 5/6/18 (LP34), CK20, CK7, cyclin D1, EGFR, ERCC1, HER2, Ki67, LRP, MRP, P53, RB and ...
Xia Limin - - 2013
Recurrence and metastasis remain the most common causes of lethal outcomes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative resection. Thus, it is critical to discover the mechanisms underlying HCC metastasis. Forkhead box C1 (FoxC1), a member of the Fox family of transcription factors, induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and promotes epithelial cell ...
Yuan Qinggong - - 2013
The tightly controlled replication of hepatocytes in liver regeneration and uncontrolled proliferation of tumor cells in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are often modulated by common regulatory pathways. Several microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in HCC progression by modulating posttranscriptional expression of multiple target genes. miR-221, which is frequently up-regulated in HCCs, delays ...
Maurel Marion - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the major primary liver cancer. Glypican-3 (GPC3), one of the most abnormally expressed genes in HCC, participates in liver carcinogenesis. Based on data showing that GPC3 expression is posttranscriptionally altered in HCC cells compared to primary hepatocytes, we investigated the implication of microRNAs (miRNAs) in GPC3 ...
Ma Wei - - 2013
Deregulation of Rho guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) pathways plays an important role in tumorigenesis and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). RhoE/Rnd3 belongs to an atypical subfamily of the RhoGTPase, the Rnd family, as it lacks the intrinsic GTPase activity and remains always in its active GTP-bound form. In this study we ...
Abu-Bakar A'edah A University of Queensland, 39 Kessels Road, Coopers Plains, 4108 Queensland, Australia. - - 2013
The mouse hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A5 and its human orthologue CYP2A6 catalyse the metabolism of a number of drugs and toxins, such as halothane and aflatoxin B1. The enzymes are named "Coumarin 7-hydroxylase" and "Nicotine Hydroxylase", respectively, by virtue of their high affinity and specific activity towards these compounds. ...
Takata Akemi A Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that regulate the expression of specific target genes. While deregulated miRNA expression levels have been detected in many tumors, whether miRNA functional impairment is also involved in carcinogenesis remains unknown. We investigated whether deregulation of miRNA machinery components and subsequent functional impairment of miRNAs are ...
Huang Yu-Kun YK Departntent of Infectious Diseases, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, - - 2013
The detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells in the peripheral blood is not only important for the diagnosis of FICC, but is also of critical importance for early detection of hematogenous metastasis of HCC. The purpose of this study was to measure Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) mRNA in the peripheral blood and ...
Nobili Valerio - - 2012
Hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) play a major role in liver repair and regeneration. We evaluated HPC involvement in pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (pNAFLD). Thirty biopsies of consecutive children and adolescents with untreated NAFLD (19 with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis [NASH] and 11 without NASH) were studied using immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. HPCs ...
Zhang Tao - - 2012
Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) plays critical roles in the development of hepatocellular carcinogenesis (HCC). Yes-associated protein (YAP), a downstream effector of the Hippo-signaling pathway, is an important human oncogene. In the present article, we report that YAP is involved in the hepatocarcinogenesis mediated by HBx. We demonstrated that ...
Clinkenbeard Erica L - - 2012
We previously showed that mouse alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) enhancer 3 activity is highly restricted to pericentral hepatocytes in the adult liver. Here, using transgenic mice, we show that the upstream enhancer of the rat glutamine synthetase gene is also active, specifically in pericentral regions. Activity of both enhancers is lost in ...
Srivastava Jyoti J Department of Human and Molecular Genetics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, - - 2012
Astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) is a key contributor to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development and progression. To enhance our understanding of the role of AEG-1 in hepatocarcinogenesis, a transgenic mouse with hepatocyte-specific expression of AEG-1 (Alb/AEG1) was developed. Treating Alb/AEG-1, but not wild-type (WT) mice, with N-nitrosodiethylamine resulted in multinodular HCC ...
Liu Lijuan - - 2012
KIAA0101 overexpression was detected in numerous malignant solid tumors and involved in tumor progression; however, the correlation between KIAA0101 expression level and human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was controversial. Our data revealed abnormal expression of the KIAA0101 transcript variant 1 (KIAA0101 tv1) at both messenger RNA and protein levels in HCC ...
Woodhoo Ashwin - - 2012
RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) play a major role in the control of messenger RNA (mRNA) turnover and translation rates. We examined the role of the RBP, human antigen R (HuR), during cholestatic liver injury and hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation. HuR silencing attenuated fibrosis development in vivo after BDL, reducing liver ...
Li Li L Beijing Institute of Liver Disease, Beijing, - - 2012
Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan that has an important role in cell growth and differentiation, and its function in tumorigenesis is tissue-dependent. In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the overexpression of GPC3 has been demonstrated to be a reliable diagnostic indicator. However, the mechanisms that regulate the expression and function ...
Sakai Nozomu N Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0558, - - 2012
Interleukin (IL)-33 is a recently identified member of the IL-1 family that binds to the receptor, ST2L. In the current study, we sought to determine whether IL-33 is an important regulator in the hepatic response to ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to 90 minutes of partial hepatic ischemia, ...
Kremer Andreas E AE Tytgat Institute for Liver and Intestinal Research, Department of gastroenterology and Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2012
Pruritus is a seriously disabling symptom accompanying many cholestatic liver disorders. Recent experimental evidence implicated the lysophospholipase, autotaxin (ATX), and its product, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), as potential mediators of cholestatic pruritus. In this study, we highlight that increased serum ATX levels are specific for pruritus of cholestasis, but not pruritus ...
Bourin M - - 2012
Egg yolk constitutes the main storage compartment of the avian egg and the first nutritional source that supports embryonic growth. Most egg yolk components are synthesized by the liver of laying hens at sexual maturity and are secreted into the blood to be further transferred into the ovarian oocyte (yolky ...
Peng J F - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO), an endothelium-derived relaxing factor, is synthesized from l-arginine by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in the endothelium. The objective of the present study was to preliminarily illuminate the expression of the eNOS gene in hypoxic adaptation of chicken embryonic development. The eNOS expression profiles between the Tibet ...
Pritchett James J Endocrinology and Diabetes Group, School of Biomedicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2012
Osteopontin (OPN) is an important component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), which promotes liver fibrosis and has been described as a biomarker for its severity. Previously, we have demonstrated that Sex-determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9) is ectopically expressed during activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) when it is responsible for ...
Chen Yi-Ling - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Through data mining the Stanford Microarray Database, the stathmin 1 (STMN1) transcript was found to be frequently upregulated in the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with low alpha-fetoprotein level. The molecular mechanism of STMN1 upregulation in HCCs remained unclear. METHODS: Quantitative RT-PCR, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry, and transfection of expression or small hairpin ...
Jeng Kuo-Shyang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a high recurrence rate after resection. Abnormal activation of the sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling pathway contributing to the carcinogenesis of some organs had been reported. We hypothesize that activation of SHH pathway contributes to the recurrence of HCC after surgical resection. METHODS: In a prospective ...
Zhang Changsong - - 2012
To gain insight into the role of peptidylarginine deiminase type 4 (PADI4), we determined the relationship between PADI4 mRNA and global hypomethylation during HBV exposure in hepatocarcinogenesis. We analyzed Line-1 methylation by MSP, and CD133 mRNA by real-time PCR in 74 HCC. The HCC cancer lines (7721, Huh7, and Hep-G2) ...
Bitencourt Shanna - - 2012
Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) play a key role in liver fibrogenesis. Activation of PPARγ and inhibition of fibrogenic molecules are potential strategies to block HSC activation and differentiation. A number of natural products have been suggested to have antifibrotic effects for the de-activation and de-differentiation of HSCs. The purpose of ...
Jiang Wei W Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815-6789, - - 2013
Definitive endoderm differentiation is crucial for generating respiratory and gastrointestinal organs including pancreas and liver. However, whether epigenetic regulation contributes to this process is unknown. Here, we show that the H3K27me3 demethylases KDM6A and KDM6B play an important role in endoderm differentiation from human ESCs. Knockdown of KDM6A or KDM6B ...
Simó Rafael - - 2012
Patients suffering from low-grade chronic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, diabetes, and obesity, have low plasma sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels. These diseases are characterized among other features by high plasma IL1β levels. The aim of the present study is to explore whether IL1β could regulate hepatic SHBG ...
Aleksunes Lauren M LM Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, - - 2012
During pregnancy, proper hepatobiliary transport and bile acid synthesis protect the liver from cholestatic injury and regulate the maternal and fetal exposure to bile acids, drugs, and environmental chemicals. The objective of this study was to determine the temporal messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein profiles of uptake and efflux transporters ...
Zancanella V - - 2012
In veterinary pharmaco-toxicological sciences, few data about uptake and efflux drug transporters (DTs) expression and regulation phenomena have been published. In this study, the tissue distribution and transcriptional modulation of solute carrier (SLC) and ATP-binding cassette (ABC) DTs were investigated in cattle orally administered with phenobarbital (PB) by using a ...
Fausther Michel M Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, - - 2012
Adenosine is a potent modulator of liver fibrosis and inflammation. Adenosine has been shown to regulate such diverse activities as chemotaxis, contraction, and matrix production in hepatic stellate cells (HSC). Ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 [EC 3.1.3.5] is the rate-limiting enzyme in adenosine production. Cd73-deficient mice are resistant to experimental liver fibrosis and have ...
Strazzabosco Mario - - 2012
During chronic injury a population of bipotent hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) become activated to regenerate both cholangiocytes and hepatocytes. Here we show in human diseased liver and mouse models of the ductular reaction that Notch and Wnt signaling direct specification of HPCs via their interactions with activated myofibroblasts or macrophages. ...
Zhou Yun - - 2012
The GABA transporters (GAT1, GAT2, GAT3, and BGT1) have mostly been discussed in relation to their potential roles in controlling the action of transmitter GABA in the nervous system. We have generated the first mice lacking the GAT2 (slc6a13) gene. Deletion of GAT2 (both mRNA and protein) neither affected growth, ...
Moon Jae Hoon - - 2012
Hepatic low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) plays a role in the clearance of circulating remnant lipoproteins. In this study, we investigated the effect of rosiglitazone treatment on the expression and function of hepatic LRP1. HepG2 cells were incubated with various concentrations of rosiglitazone. Male Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats ...
Furlan Alessandro A Aix-Marseille Univ, IBDML, CNRS UMR 7288, Marseille, - - 2012
Genetic studies indicate that distinct signaling modulators are each necessary but not individually sufficient for embryonic hepatocyte survival in vivo. Nevertheless, how signaling players are interconnected into functional circuits and how they coordinate the balance of cell survival and death in developing livers are still major unresolved issues. In the ...
Zhu Yu - - 2012
Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play a pivotal role in promoting the growth, invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. However, to date little is known about the oncogenic mechanisms of CAFs. This study aimed to identify the microenvironmental factors involved in tumor development and progression directed by CAFs in liver metastases. Tissue ...
Zhang Da-Wei - - 2012
Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) located in the Disse's space play a crucial role in liver fibrosis. HAb18G/CD147, a tumor-related glycoprotein, is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma cells and fibroblasts. Whether HAb18G/CD147 plays an important role in the hepatic fibrogenesis is unknown. Immunohistochemistry for HAb18G/CD147 and α-smooth muscle actin expression ...
Anderson Erik R ER Department of Molecular & Integrative Physiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2012
Hepcidin is a liver-derived peptide hormone and the master regulator of systemic iron homeostasis. Decreased hepcidin expression is a common feature in alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and in mouse models of ethanol loading. Dysregulation of hepcidin signaling in ALD leads to liver iron deposition, which is a major contributing factor ...
Maksymchuk Oksana - - 2012
The increasing number of psychogenic stressors is a side effect of civilization. It results in the development of psychoemotional stresses and psychosomatic diseases. In this study we evaluated the effect of the chronic psychoemotional stress on the level of CYP2E1 expression in the liver of C57Bl/6 mice. Stress was induced ...
He Yong - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of ~22-nucleotides noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression by specifically binding with 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of target gene mRNAs to posttranscriptionally effect mRNA stability and translation,and play essential roles in a variety of biological processes, including cell development, proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Liver fibrosis is ...
Glauert Howard Perry - - 2012
In this review, the role of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in hepatocarcinogenesis is examined. The administration of several hepatic tumor promoters leads to the activation of NF-κB in the liver of rats and mice. Many studies support the hypothesis that the activation of NF-κB in the liver is inhibited by antioxidants. ...
Kenny Alan P - - 2012
The liver, pancreas, and lungs are induced from endoderm progenitors by a series of dynamic growth factor signals from the mesoderm, but how the temporal-spatial activity of these signals is controlled is poorly understood. We have identified an extracellular regulatory loop required for robust bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling in ...
Lämsä Virpi V Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Oulu, 90014 Oulu, - - 2012
Cytochrome P450 2A5 (CYP2A5) oxidizes bilirubin to biliverdin and represents a putative candidate for maintaining bilirubin at safe but adequate antioxidant levels. Curiously, CYP2A5 is induced by both excessive heme and chemicals that inhibit heme synthesis. We hypothesized that heme homeostasis is a key modifier of Cyp2a5 expression via transcription ...
Xu Xin Min - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the expression of miR-21, miR-31, miR-96 and miR-135b in 52 paired colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues and to analyze the correlation between microRNAs (miRNAs) and clinicopathological features. We developed a quantification method that relies on a standard plot, constructed from known concentrations of ...
Dahlmann Mathias - - 2012
The metastasis-inducing protein S100A4 was found to be a prognostic indicator for the development of metachronous metastases. S100A4 expression levels correlate with the formation of human colorectal cancer metastases and shorter patients' survival. Inhibition of S100A4 expression in patients might therefore result in decreased metastasis formation and prolonged survival. In ...
Li Jie - - 2012
The present study was designed to examine the effect of the grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) on developing hepatic fibrosis that was induced by thioacetamide (TAA) in mice. Administration of TAA for 9 weeks led to a serious necrosis and apoptosis of the parenchymal cells, which resulted in an accumulation ...
Giriwono Puspo E - - 2012
PURPOSE: The isoprenoid geranylgeraniol (GGOH) inhibits nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation in the liver, yet the mechanism remains unclear. We investigated the modulation and inhibition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NF-κB signaling in the liver of rats fed a GGOH-supplemented diet. METHODS: Rats were fed a diet supplemented with or without GGOH ...
Maekawa Fumihiko - - 2012
DNA methyltransferase 3B (DNMT3B) is critically involved in de novo DNA methylation and genomic stability, while the regulatory mechanism in liver is largely unknown. We previously reported that diurnal variation occurs in the mRNA expression of Dnmt3b in adult mouse liver. The aim of this study was to determine the ...
Cui Wenhao - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The activation of hepatic stellate cells plays a central role in the development of liver fibrosis during chronic liver trauma. The aim of the present study was to identify a compound that inhibits the activation process of stellate cells. METHODS: Rat primary cultured stellate cells and a human stellate ...
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