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Results 301 - 350 of 1612
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Kamileri Irene - - 2012
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) defects are associated with cancer, developmental disorders and neurodegeneration. However, with the exception of cancer, the links between defects in NER and developmental abnormalities are not well understood. Here, we show that the ERCC1-XPF NER endonuclease assembles on active promoters in vivo and facilitates chromatin modifications ...
Sekine Shuichi - - 2012
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) is a member of a family of efflux transporters that are involved in biliary excretion of organic anions from hepatocytes. Disrupted canalicular localization and decreased protein expression of MRP2 have been observed in patients with chronic cholestatic disorder and hepatic failure without a change in ...
Deo Anand K - - 2012
Multidrug-associated protein 2 (MRP2) is an efflux transporter that is expressed at the bile canalicular membrane. To allow in vitro to in vivo extrapolation of the contribution of MRP2 toward hepatic disposition of its substrates, data on the interindividual variability of hepatic MRP2 protein expression are required. Therefore, we quantified ...
Lim Joo Song - - 2012
Hepatitis C virus Core plays a vital role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma; however, the mechanism is still controversial. Here, we show that Core overcomes premature senescence provoked by a reactiveoxygen species inducer, H(2)O(2),in human liver cells. For this effect, Core down-regulated levels of p16 via promoter hypermethylation and ...
Oh Jeong Hwan - - 2012
The effects of a mixture of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (cPAHs) on transcriptional responses in the liver of medaka, Oryzias latipes, were investigated by identifying differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Five DEGs were identified as cytochrome P450 2P1 (CYP450 2P1), malate dehydrogenase, anti-thrombin III, NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4, and transferrin. These ...
Noreault-Conti Trisha L - - 2012
Arsenite is critical pharmacologically as a treatment for advanced stage blood cancer. However, environmental exposure to arsenic results in multiple diseases. Previous studies have shown that arsenic decreases expression of CYP3A, a critical drug metabolizing enzyme in human and rat liver. In addition, acute and chronic arsenic exposure in liver ...
Chaveles Ioannis - - 2012
Liver is uniquely capable to repair itself after injury. Multiple molecular and biochemical processes initiated after partial hepatectomy, lead to proliferation of all cells within the liver. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of highly abundant non-coding RNA molecules that cause post-transcriptional gene repression and are involved in several biological processes ...
Cassone Cristina G - - 2012
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), specifically perfluorinated sulfonates (PFSAs) and carboxylates (PFCAs), are synthetic substances known for their chemical stability, resistance to degradation and potential to biomagnify in food chains. The toxicological and biological effects of PFAAs in avian species are not well characterized, although there is some evidence to suggest that ...
Cho Young Sun - - 2012
Two paralogous isoform cDNAs of warm-temperature-acclimation-associated 65-kDa protein (Wap65-1 and Wap65-2) were isolated from the cypriniform species, mud loach (Misgurnus mizolepis), and characterized. The deduced amino acid sequences of the two mud loach Wap65 isoforms (mlWap65-1 and mlWap65-2) share moderate levels of sequence homology with their corresponding orthologues from teleosts ...
Sha Zhen-Xia - - 2012
Lysozymes are considered to be potent innate immune molecules against the invasion of bacterial pathogens. The goose-type lysozyme is one of the three major distinct lysozyme types identified in the animal kingdom including teleosts. In this report, we identified, sequenced, and characterized the goose-type lysozyme gene (CsGLys) from half-smooth tongue ...
Zhong Xiang-yu - - 2012
Cyclin-dependent kinase 10 (Cdk10) is a Cdc2-related kinase and plays an essential role in the progression from the G2 to M phase of the cell cycle. However, relative little is known about its expression pattern, clinical relevance, and biological function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we investigated ...
Zhu Nian-Ling NL Southern California Research Center for Alcoholic Liver and Pancreatic Diseases and Cirrhosis and Department of Pathology, Keck School of Medicine, the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, - - 2012
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) undergo myofibroblastic activation in liver fibrosis and regeneration. This phenotypic switch is mechanistically similar to dedifferentiation of adipocytes as such the necdin-Wnt pathway causes epigenetic repression of the master adipogenic gene Pparγ, to activate HSCs. Now we report that delta-like 1 homolog (DLK1) is expressed selectively ...
Kang Minkyung - - 2012
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in fibrosis and cancer, and regulated by different signaling pathways mediated through soluble factors, actin reorganization, and transcription factor actions. Because tetraspan(in) transmembrane 4 L6 family member 5 (TM4SF5) is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma and induces EMT, understanding how TM4SF5 expression in hepatocytes ...
Hur Kyu Yeon - - 2012
The mammalian stress sensor IRE1α plays a central role in the unfolded protein, or endoplasmic reticulum (ER), stress response by activating its downstream transcription factor XBP1 via an unconventional splicing mechanism. IRE1α can also induce the degradation of a subset of mRNAs in a process termed regulated IRE1-dependent decay (RIDD). ...
Hoflack J C - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Dalcetrapib is a cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) modulator in clinical assessment for cardiovascular outcome benefits. In compliance with regulatory requirements, dalcetrapib was evaluated in rodent 2-year carcinogenesis bioassays. In the mouse bioassay, male mice demonstrated increased liver weight and statistically increased incidences of hepatocellular adenoma/carcinoma. Hepatic cytochrome p450 ...
Kamiyama Toshiya T Toshiya Kamiyama, Masato Takahashi, Hideki Yokoo, Nozomi Kobayashi, Department of General Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, North 15, West 7, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8638, Japan. - - 2012
To investigate whether α-fetoprotein (AFP) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-1 correlate with early recurrence of hepatoma/hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). From 2000 to 2005, 114 consecutive patients with HCC underwent primary curative hepatectomy. The mean age was 60.7 (8.7) years and 94 patients were male. The median follow-up period was ...
Higashi Michiyo - - 2012
Objectives: MUC16 carries the peptide epitope CA125, which is well known as a marker of ovarian cancer. High serum levels of MUC16 (CA125) have been reported not only in patients with ovarian cancer but also in patients with liver diseases. We evaluated the expression of MUC16 in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma-mass forming ...
Sullivan Katrina J - - 2012
Wood frogs (Rana sylvatica) can endure weeks of subzero temperature exposure during the winter with up to 65% of their body water frozen as extracellular ice. Associated with freezing survival is elevated expression of a number of genes/proteins including the unidentified gene, li16, first described in liver. The current study ...
Xu Jie - - 2012
AIMS: To validate whether the anti-cancer effect of microRNA-122 (miR-122) on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is mediated through regulating Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathways. METHODS: The expression levels of miR-122 in HCC tissues and varied hepatoma cells were quantified by real-time PCR. MiR-122 agomir was transfected into HepG2, Hep3B cells to over-express miR-122. ...
Xu Shang-Cheng - - 2012
Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction are involved in the pathogenesis of chronic liver cholestasis. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is highly susceptible to oxidative stress and mtDNA damage leads to mitochondrial dysfunction. This study aimed to investigate the mtDNA alterations that occurred during liver injury in patients with extrahepatic cholestasis. Along with ...
Chen Zhi-Bing - - 2012
The Slit-Robo GTPase-activating proteins (srGAPs) play an important role in neurite outgrowth and axon guidance; however, little is known about its role in nerve regeneration after injury. Here, we studied the expression of srGAPs in mouse dorsal root ganglia (DRG) following sciatic nerve transection (SNT) using morphometric and immunohistochemical techniques. ...
Suzuki Eiji - - 2012
Distinctive response patterns of CYP3A4 and CYP3A7 to cobalt chloride (CoCl(2)) in human fetal liver (HFL) cells were observed and compared with those under hypoxic conditions. The expression levels of CYP3A4 and CYP3A7 mRNAs were decreased by CoCl(2) and hypoxia, although significance could not be determined in HFL cells cultured ...
Wan Ying - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to investigate the anti-fibrotic effect and the potential mechanisms of action of betulinic acid (BA) against hepatic fibrosis in vivo and in vitro. BA is an active compound isolated from the bark of the birch tree Betula spp. (Betulaceae). Liver fibrosis was induced by ...
Li Xi-feng - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of leading causes of cancer-related death with a heterogeneous patient demographic and divergent pathogenic pathways. Sorafenib is the first effective drug approved for the treatment of HCC. Although it is known that sorafenib promotes apoptosis of HCC cells, the underlying mechanism remains largely obscure. Here ...
Evangelou Ioulia - - 2012
Eur J Clin Invest 2012 ABSTRACT: Background  To determine the immunohistochemical expression levels of the somatostatin receptor subtypes 2 and 5 (Sst2 and Sst5) in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and to investigate the association of Sst2 and Sst5 expression with clinicopathological parameters. Materials and methods  A retrospective analysis of ...
Li Rong-Kuan - - 2012
We have previously demonstrated that chloride intracellular channel 1 (CLIC1) is involved in the lymphatic metastasis of tumors. In this study, a self-designed shRNA sequence of mouse CLIC1 gene was synthesized and inserted into a pGPU6/GFP/Neo plasmid, then stably transfected into mouse hepatic carcinoma cell line Hca-F cells to down-regulate ...
Chen Xiang - - 2012
Foxj2 (forkhead box J2), a novel member of the forkhead/HNF3 family, binds DNA with a dual sequence specificity. It may play a role in maintenance and survival of developing and adult neurons. However, its expression and function in the central nervous system lesion are still unclear. In this study, we ...
Sakai Nozomu - - 2012
The transcription factor nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) plays diverse roles in the acute injury response to hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Activation of NF-κB in Kupffer cells promotes inflammation through cytokine expression, whereas activation in hepatocytes may be cell protective. The interaction of receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) and its ligand (RANKL) ...
Del Giudice G - - 2012
The aim of this investigation was to assess the effects of nonylphenol (NP), an oestrogen-like environmental pollutant, on the vitellogenin (VTG) synthesis in adult males of the aplacental viviparous cartilaginous fish Torpedo marmorata. The VTG recovery in males is considered a biomarker of xeno-oestrogenic pollution as this lipophosphoglycoprotein is physiologically ...
Zou Huafeng - - 2012
Glucocorticoids are vital for life and regulate an array of physiological functions by binding to the ubiquitously expressed glucocorticoid receptor (GR, also known as NR3C1). Previous studies demonstrate striking breed differences in plasma cortisol levels in pigs. However, investigation into the breed-dependent GR transcriptional regulation is hampered by lacking porcine ...
Rahman Md Saydur - - 2012
Hypoxia-inducible factor-α (HIF-α) and cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A) are biomarkers of environmental exposure to hypoxia and organic xenobiotic chemicals that act through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor, respectively. Many aquatic environments heavily contaminated with organic chemicals, such as harbors, are also hypoxic. Recently, we and other scientists reported HIF-α genes are ...
Zhao Shuanping - - 2012
The Olfactomedin-like 3 (OLFML3) gene has matrix-related function involved in embryonic development. MicroRNA-155 (miR-155), 21- to 23-nucleotides (nt) noncoding RNA, regulated myogenesis by target mRNA. Our LongSAGE analysis suggested that OLFML3 gene was differently expressed during muscle development in pig. In this study, we cloned the porcine OLFML3 gene and ...
Delous Marion - - 2012
The pancreaticobiliary ductal system connects the liver and pancreas to the intestine. It is composed of the hepatopancreatic ductal (HPD) system as well as the intrahepatic biliary ducts and the intrapancreatic ducts. Despite its physiological importance, the development of the pancreaticobiliary ductal system remains poorly understood. The SRY-related transcription factor ...
Shin Donghun D Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Programs in Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, Genetics and Human Genetics, Institute for Regeneration Medicine, Diabetes Center and Liver Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA. - - 2012
Zebrafish wnt2bb mutants initially fail to form a liver, but surprisingly the liver eventually forms in a majority of these embryos which then develop into fertile adults. This unexpected result raised the possibility that identifying the mechanisms of liver formation in wnt2bb mutants could provide insights into the poorly understood ...
Banaudha Krishna K - - 2012
Four major components of epigenetic regulation are promoter methylation, histone modification, chromatin conformation changes, and altered expression of noncoding RNAs, especially microRNAs (miRNAs). MiRNAs are noncoding RNAs of single-stranded RNA molecules consisting of ∼22 nucleotides that regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level. MiRNAs are endogenous and potentially can regulate ...
Han Dandan - - 2012
Intensive gene targeting studies in mice have revealed that prolyl hydroxylase domain proteins (PHDs) play important roles in murine embryonic development; however, the expression patterns and function of these genes during embryogenesis of other vertebrates remain largely unknown. Here we report the molecular cloning of phd1 and systematic analysis of ...
Lee Jinmi - - 2012
The effects of exendin-4 on Sirt1 expression as a mechanism of reducing fatty liver have not been previously reported. Therefore, we investigated whether the beneficial effects of exendin-4 treatment on fatty liver are mediated via Sirt1 in high-fat (HF) diet-induced obese C57BL/6J mice and related cell culture models. Exendin-4 treatment ...
Shizu Ryota - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs of about 20 nucleotides in length and participate in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Accumulating evidence indicates that miRNA binds to 3'-UTR of its target mRNAs and thereby destabilizes the transcripts or suppresses the translation. It is expected that miRNAs could have diverse ...
Zhou Mingyan - - 2012
The adipocyte-derived hormone adiponectin elicits protective functions against fatty liver diseases and hepatic injuries at least in part by stimulating the expression of a mitochondrial inner membrane transporter, uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2). The present study was designed to investigate the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying adiponectin-induced UCP2 expression. Mice were ...
Yamamoto Ryohei - - 2012
Oxidized pyrimidines are mainly repaired by base excision repair, which is initiated by damage-specific DNA glycosylases. NEIL1, the mammalian homolog of Escherichia coli endonuclease VIII and a major DNA glycosylase, initiates repair of oxidized pyrimidines. Here, we investigated the expression of two putative variant mouse NEIL1 (mNEIL1) mRNAs-variant 1 ("Neil1 ...
Moriya Nozomu - - 2012
Infection-associated inflammation can alter the expression levels and functions of cytochrome P450s (CYPs). Cyp gene expression is regulated by the activation of several nuclear receptors, including pregnane X receptor (PXR), constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). These receptors can be activated by xenobiotics, including medicines. Here, to ...
Shimizu Kazunori - - 2012
We have developed an in vivo transfection method for naked plasmid DNA (pDNA) and siRNA in mice by using a tissue suction device. The target tissue was suctioned by a device made of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) following the intravenous injection of naked pDNA or siRNA. Transfection of pDNA encoding luciferase was ...
Sedaghat Yalda - - 2012
Wig-1 is a transcription factor regulated by p53 that can interact with hnRNP A2/B1, RNA Helicase A, and dsRNAs, which plays an important role in RNA and protein stabilization. in vitro studies have shown that wig-1 binds p53 mRNA and stabilizes it by protecting it from deadenylation. Furthermore, p53 has ...
Yuan Ke - - 2012
Hepatitis B virus encoded X antigen (HBx) is a trans-regulatory protein that alters the activity of selected transcription factors and cytoplasmic signal transduction pathways. HBx transcriptionally up-regulates the expression of a unique gene, URG11, which in turn transcriptionally up-regulates β-catenin, thereby contributing importantly to hepatocarcinogenesis. HBx and URG11 also alter ...
Huang Xiao-Yong - - 2012
Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) is a multifunctional receptor involved in receptor-mediated endocytosis and cell signaling. The aim of this study was to elucidate the expression and mechanism of LRP1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). LRP1 expression in 4 HCC cell lines and 40 HCC samples was detected. After interruption ...
Esteves Cristina L - - 2012
11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) catalyses intracellular regeneration of active glucocorticoids, notably in liver and adipose tissue. 11β-HSD1 is increased selectively in adipose tissue in human obesity, a change implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome. With high fat (HF)-feeding, adipose tissue 11β-HSD1 is down-regulated in mice, plausibly to counteract ...
Yang Tian - - 2012
Krüppel-like factor 8 (KLF8) plays important role in cell cycle and oncogenic transformation. Here we report the mechanisms by which KLF8 crosstalks with Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and regulates hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells proliferation. We show that overexpression of KLF8 and nucleus accumulation of β-catenin in the human HCC samples are ...
Stringer Jessica M - - 2012
In mice and humans, IGF2 has multiple promoters to maintain its complex tissue- and developmental stage-specific imprinting and expression. IGF2 is also imprinted in marsupials, but little is known about its promoter region. In this study, three IGF2 transcripts were isolated from placental and liver samples of the tammar wallaby, ...
Mak Grace Wing-Yan - - 2012
CDK5 regulatory subunit associated protein 3 (CDK5RAP3) is a novel activator of PAK4 and processes important pro-metastatic function in hepatocarcinogenesis. However, it remains unclear if there are other mechanisms by which CDK5RAP3 promotes HCC metastasis. Here, we showed that in CDK5RAP3 stable knockdown SMMC-7721 HCC cells, p14(ARF) tumor suppressor was ...
Santhekadur Prasanna K - - 2012
The transcription factor LSF (Late SV40 Factor), also known as TFCP2, belongs to the LSF/CP2 family related to Grainyhead family of proteins and is involved in many biological events, including regulation of cellular and viral promoters, cell cycle, DNA synthesis, cell survival and Alzheimer's disease. Our recent studies establish an ...
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