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Results 251 - 300 of 1594
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Osorio-Yáñez Citlalli - - 2012
Abstract AKR1A1 or aldehyde reductase is a member of the aldo keto reductases superfamily that is evolutionarily conserved among species. AKR1A1 is one of the five AKRs (AKR1A1 and 1C1-1C4)implicated in the metabolic benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)activation to reactive BaP 7,8-dione. BaP is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) widely distributed inaquatic ecosystems ...
Zhang Shengjie - - 2012
As a member of the GLI-Kruppel family of transcriptional factors, Yin Yang-1 (YY1) functions as an oncogene in various types of cancers. However, the role of YY1 in hepatocellular carcinogenesis remains unknown. In this report, we investigated the relevance of YY1 to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. We found that YY1 ...
Angadi Punnya V - - 2012
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic debilitating disease and a premalignant condition of the oral cavity characterized by generalized submucosal fibrosis. Despite its precancerous nature, the molecular biology regarding its malignant potential has not been extensively studied. PTEN, a known tumor suppressor gene is mutated in a majority of ...
Hall Angela M AM Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2012
Intrahepatic lipid accumulation is extremely common in obese subjects and is associated with the development of insulin resistance and diabetes. Hepatic diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol synthesis predominantly occurs through acylation of glycerol-3-phosphate. However, an alternative pathway for synthesizing diacylglycerol from monoacylglycerol acyltransferases (MGAT) could also contribute to hepatic glyceride pools. MGAT ...
Wang Lu - - 2012
Exposure to environmental contaminants, including various pesticides and trace metals, can disrupt critical olfactory-driven behaviors of fish such as homing to natal streams, mate selection, and an ability to detect predators and prey. These neurobehavioral injuries have been linked to reduced survival and population declines. Despite the importance of maintaining ...
Gu C Q - - 2012
Duck hepatitis virus type 1 (DHV-1) causes a highly contagious disease in ducklings and is often associated with liver necrosis, hemorrhages, and high mortality. In the current study, the expression levels of gene transcripts encoding proinflammatory cytokines and the virus were measured by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR in duck livers after ...
Inagaki Yutaka - - 2012
Based on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying hepatic fibrogenesis, several kinds of approaches have been proposed to treat liver fibrosis. Among a number of growth factors and cytokines that regulate collagen metabolism, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β is the most potent factor to accelerate liver fibrosis by activating hepatic stellate ...
Ismail Hassan Ahmed Hassan Ahmed - - 2012
Toxoplasma gondii can modulate host cell gene expression; however, determining gene expression levels in intermediate hosts after T. gondii infection is not known much. We selected 5 genes (ALDH1A2, BEX2, CCL3, EGR2 and PLAU) and compared the mRNA expression levels in the spleen, liver, lung and small intestine of genetically ...
Zhou Peng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNA) are a group of noncoding small RNAs that repress mRNA expression or induce mRNA degradation by binding to the 3'-untranslated regions of mRNAs. MiRNAs have been connected closely with the development of cancers such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the overexpression of microRNA-301a (miR-301a) has seldom been ...
Wu Zhiliang - - 2012
Galectin-1 is a beta-galactoside-binding lectin to function in cell adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, and might be involved in tumor progression and metastasis. In the present study, the expression kinetics of galectin-1 during the tumorigenesis of a parasite Opisthorchis viverrini infection-induced cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) was investigated in model animal hamsters, and the expression ...
Kirpich Irina - - 2012
Binge, as well as chronic, alcohol consumption affects global histone acetylation leading to changes in gene expression. It is becoming increasingly evident that these histone-associated epigenetic modifications play an important role in the development of alcohol-mediated hepatic injury. C57BL/6 mice were gavaged 3 times (12-hour intervals) with ethanol (EtOH; 4.5 ...
Goeman Frauke - - 2012
In vivo imaging involving the use of genetically engineered animals is an innovative powerful tool for the noninvasive assessment of the molecular and cellular events that are often targets of therapy. On the basis of the knowledge that the activity of the nuclear factor-Y (NF-Y) transcription factor is restricted in ...
Zhang Chris Z Y - - 2012
Zhang C Z Y, Cao Y, Yun J P, Chen G G & Lai P B S (2012) Histopathology00, Increased expression of ZBP-89 and its prognostic significance in hepatocellular carcinoma Aims:  ZBP-89 plays a role in cell growth and death. Its expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not well documented. ...
Xu Hanwen - - 2012
The precise mechanisms underlying gender disparity in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression and prognosis are not understood. We demonstrate that estrogen attenuates HCC progression in vitro and in vivo, and this may contribute to the gender differences in HCC behaviour. To investigate the role of estrogen in HCC progression, we developed ...
Mollbrink Annelie - - 2012
Abstract Background. In rat, the first 18-24 h after partial hepatectomy (PH) are characterized by an acute-phase reaction, after which liver regeneration predominates. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) induces the iron hormone hepcidin, which blocks iron uptake and may compromise iron uptake in the growing liver. The expressions of hepcidin and the iron-regulatory ...
Kim Jin-Hyoung - - 2012
Metallothionein (MT) has been used extensively as a potential molecular biomarker to detect heavy metal pollution in aquatic organisms. In order to investigate the modulation effect of heavy metals and to establish suitable biomarkers for the monitoring of heavy metal pollution, Pelteobagrus fulvidraco metallothionein gene was characterized as the first ...
Koganti Sivaramakrishna - - 2012
Delayed onset of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in female patients is not well understood, but could be due in part to the protective effect of estrogen before menopause. Experimental studies have identified the angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) as a key factor in the progression of CVD. We examined the effects ...
Oda Yuki - - 2012
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) forms a heterodimer with aryl hydrocarbon receptor or hypoxia inducible factor 1α to mediate biological responses to xenobiotic exposure and hypoxia. Although the regulation mechanism of the ARNT expression is largely unknown, earlier studies reported that the human ARNT protein level was decreased by ...
Zhang Yuxia - - 2012
Dnmt1 is frequently overexpressed in cancers, which contributes significantly to cancer-associated epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes. However, the mechanism of Dnmt1 overexpression remains elusive. Herein, we elucidate a pathway through which nuclear receptor SHP inhibits zinc-dependent induction of Dnmt1 by antagonizing metal-responsive transcription factor-1 (MTF-1). Zinc treatment induces Dnmt1 ...
Nagai Kentaro - - 2012
Recent studies have demonstrated that natural antisense transcripts, which are complementary sequences to messenger RNA, have important cellular functions such as the stabilization and silencing of mRNA. However, the possible contribution of antisense transcripts in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development has not been described. Therefore, we simultaneously investigated the sense and ...
Mertens Peter R - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Expression of hepatobiliary transporters is decreased during endotoxemia. Reduction of Mrp2 is mediated by IL-1β-dependent signals but underlying mechanisms are still unclear. YB-1 is a predominantly cytoplasmic protein that translocates to the nucleus in response to various stimuli. Previously we have shown that YB-1 down-regulates Mrp2 expression in vitro. ...
Sato Fuyuki - - 2012
Smads are intracellular signaling mediators. Complexes of Smad2 and Smad3 with Smad4 transmit transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) receptor-induced signaling. Snail plays important roles in mesoderm formation, gastrulation, neural crest development, and epithelial mesenchymal transition. However, it remains unknown whether Smad3 and Snail expression is circadian rhythm-dependent. Here, we showed for ...
Zhang Suzhen - - 2012
Recently, we reported HC-HA, a covalent complex formed between heavy chains (HCs) of inter-α-inhibitor (IαI) and hyaluronan (HA) by the catalytic action of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6), is responsible for human amniotic membrane (AM) anti-inflammatory, anti-scarring, and anti-angiogenic actions. At the present time, the only well characterized source ...
Genovese Griselda - - 2012
The aim of this study was to describe the time-course of estrogen-induced gene expression, corresponding plasma protein detection and histological alterations after cessation of octylphenol (OP) exposure of Cichlasoma dimerus, to test differential responses of biomarkers suitable for environmental monitoring. Male fish were exposed to a nominal concentration of 150μg/L ...
Balasubramaniyan Natarajan - - 2012
The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a ligand (bile acid)-dependent nuclear receptor that regulates target genes involved in every aspect of bile acid homeostasis. Upon binding of ligand, FXR recruits an array of coactivators and associated proteins, some of which have intrinsic enzymatic activity that modify histones or even components ...
Gazzin Silvia S Fondazione Italiana Fegato (Italian Liver Foundation), Trieste, Italy. - - 2012
Few data exist on regional brain bilirubin content in the neonatal period when acute bilirubin-induced neurologic damage (BIND) may occur, and no information is available on regional brain expression of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (Cyps) that oxidize bilirubin. Bilirubin content was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography and Cyp1a1, 1a2, and 2a3 ...
Takezawa Takashi - - 2012
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) mRNA was detected in HepG2 cells by RT-PCR, but not in human fetal liver (HFL) cells. CYP3A4 was induced by rifampicin (RIF), mifepristone (RU486), clotrimazole (CTZ), and dexamethasone (DEX) in HepG2 cells, while these PXR ligands with the exception of DEX did not induce CYP3A4 mRNA ...
Li Huating - - 2012
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) stimulates fatty acid oxidation and ketone body production in animals. In this study, we investigated the role of FGF21 in the metabolic activity of sodium butyrate, a dietary histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor. FGF21 expression was examined in serum and liver after injection of sodium butyrate ...
Soares João-Bruno - - 2012
We evaluated expression of TLR2, TLR4 and proinflammatory genes [NF-κB, TNF-α, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)] in liver samples of patients in different stages of liver disease. Fifteen patients with unexplained transaminases elevation (reference group), 22 with viral chronic hepatitis (hepatitis group), 14 with virus-induced severe fibrosis/cirrhosis (cirrhosis group) and 10 with hepatocarcinoma ...
Ng Raymond - - 2012
MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is thought to be an oncomir because it promotes cancer cell proliferation, migration, and survival. miR-21 is also expressed in normal cells, but its physiological role is poorly understood. Recently, it has been found that miR-21 expression is rapidly induced in rodent hepatocytes during liver regeneration after two-thirds ...
Chu Xiao-Yuan - - 2012
FOXM1, a member of the Forkhead Box (Fox) family of transcription factors, plays a critical role in tumor development and metastasis. The aim of this study was to elucidate its role in colorectal cancer (CRC), particularly prognosis and metastasis. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot assays were used to measure the ...
Sakabe Ryutaro - - 2012
Telomerase activity and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) have been reported as markers of tumor aggressiveness and poor prognosis in several digestive cancers. In the present study, we examined telomerase activity and TERT expression in ampullary carcinoma to determine whether these parameters could be used as indicators of aggressiveness and ...
Zhu Qin - - 2012
Distant migration and invasion is the main contributor to the death of cancer patients and miRNAs have been implicated in these processes. In the present study, we identified the role of microRNA-21 (miR-21) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) migration and invasion and determined its underlying regulatory mechanism. miR-21 was significantly upregulated ...
Sekine Shuichi - - 2012
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) is a member of a family of efflux transporters that are involved in biliary excretion of organic anions from hepatocytes. Disrupted canalicular localization and decreased protein expression of MRP2 have been observed in patients with chronic cholestatic disorder and hepatic failure without a change in ...
Kamileri Irene - - 2012
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) defects are associated with cancer, developmental disorders and neurodegeneration. However, with the exception of cancer, the links between defects in NER and developmental abnormalities are not well understood. Here, we show that the ERCC1-XPF NER endonuclease assembles on active promoters in vivo and facilitates chromatin modifications ...
Deo Anand K - - 2012
Multidrug-associated protein 2 (MRP2) is an efflux transporter that is expressed at the bile canalicular membrane. To allow in vitro to in vivo extrapolation of the contribution of MRP2 toward hepatic disposition of its substrates, data on the interindividual variability of hepatic MRP2 protein expression are required. Therefore, we quantified ...
Lim Joo Song - - 2012
Hepatitis C virus Core plays a vital role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma; however, the mechanism is still controversial. Here, we show that Core overcomes premature senescence provoked by a reactiveoxygen species inducer, H(2)O(2),in human liver cells. For this effect, Core down-regulated levels of p16 via promoter hypermethylation and ...
Oh Jeong Hwan - - 2012
The effects of a mixture of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (cPAHs) on transcriptional responses in the liver of medaka, Oryzias latipes, were investigated by identifying differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Five DEGs were identified as cytochrome P450 2P1 (CYP450 2P1), malate dehydrogenase, anti-thrombin III, NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4, and transferrin. These ...
Noreault-Conti Trisha L - - 2012
Arsenite is critical pharmacologically as a treatment for advanced stage blood cancer. However, environmental exposure to arsenic results in multiple diseases. Previous studies have shown that arsenic decreases expression of CYP3A, a critical drug metabolizing enzyme in human and rat liver. In addition, acute and chronic arsenic exposure in liver ...
Chaveles Ioannis - - 2012
Liver is uniquely capable to repair itself after injury. Multiple molecular and biochemical processes initiated after partial hepatectomy, lead to proliferation of all cells within the liver. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of highly abundant non-coding RNA molecules that cause post-transcriptional gene repression and are involved in several biological processes ...
Sha Zhen-Xia - - 2012
Lysozymes are considered to be potent innate immune molecules against the invasion of bacterial pathogens. The goose-type lysozyme is one of the three major distinct lysozyme types identified in the animal kingdom including teleosts. In this report, we identified, sequenced, and characterized the goose-type lysozyme gene (CsGLys) from half-smooth tongue ...
Cassone Cristina G - - 2012
Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), specifically perfluorinated sulfonates (PFSAs) and carboxylates (PFCAs), are synthetic substances known for their chemical stability, resistance to degradation and potential to biomagnify in food chains. The toxicological and biological effects of PFAAs in avian species are not well characterized, although there is some evidence to suggest that ...
Cho Young Sun - - 2012
Two paralogous isoform cDNAs of warm-temperature-acclimation-associated 65-kDa protein (Wap65-1 and Wap65-2) were isolated from the cypriniform species, mud loach (Misgurnus mizolepis), and characterized. The deduced amino acid sequences of the two mud loach Wap65 isoforms (mlWap65-1 and mlWap65-2) share moderate levels of sequence homology with their corresponding orthologues from teleosts ...
Zhong Xiang-yu - - 2012
Cyclin-dependent kinase 10 (Cdk10) is a Cdc2-related kinase and plays an essential role in the progression from the G2 to M phase of the cell cycle. However, relative little is known about its expression pattern, clinical relevance, and biological function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we investigated ...
Zhu Nian-Ling - - 2012
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) undergo myofibroblastic activation in liver fibrosis and regeneration. This phenotypic switch is mechanistically similar to dedifferentiation of adipocytes as such the necdin-Wnt pathway causes epigenetic repression of the master adipogenic gene Pparγ, to activate HSCs. Now we report that delta-like 1 homolog (DLK1) is expressed selectively ...
Kang Minkyung - - 2012
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in fibrosis and cancer, and regulated by different signaling pathways mediated through soluble factors, actin reorganization, and transcription factor actions. Because tetraspan(in) transmembrane 4 L6 family member 5 (TM4SF5) is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma and induces EMT, understanding how TM4SF5 expression in hepatocytes ...
Hur Kyu Yeon - - 2012
The mammalian stress sensor IRE1α plays a central role in the unfolded protein, or endoplasmic reticulum (ER), stress response by activating its downstream transcription factor XBP1 via an unconventional splicing mechanism. IRE1α can also induce the degradation of a subset of mRNAs in a process termed regulated IRE1-dependent decay (RIDD). ...
Hoflack J C - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Dalcetrapib is a cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) modulator in clinical assessment for cardiovascular outcome benefits. In compliance with regulatory requirements, dalcetrapib was evaluated in rodent 2-year carcinogenesis bioassays. In the mouse bioassay, male mice demonstrated increased liver weight and statistically increased incidences of hepatocellular adenoma/carcinoma. Hepatic cytochrome p450 ...
Kamiyama Toshiya - - 2012
To investigate whether α-fetoprotein (AFP) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-1 correlate with early recurrence of hepatoma/hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). From 2000 to 2005, 114 consecutive patients with HCC underwent primary curative hepatectomy. The mean age was 60.7 (8.7) years and 94 patients were male. The median follow-up period was ...
Higashi Michiyo - - 2012
Objectives: MUC16 carries the peptide epitope CA125, which is well known as a marker of ovarian cancer. High serum levels of MUC16 (CA125) have been reported not only in patients with ovarian cancer but also in patients with liver diseases. We evaluated the expression of MUC16 in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma-mass forming ...
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