Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1610
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Zhang Youcai - - 2012
The induction of drug-metabolizing enzymes by chemicals is one of the major reasons for drug-drug interactions. In the present study, the regulation of mRNA expression of one arylacetamide deacetylase (Aadac) and 11 carboxylesterases (Cess) by 15 microsomal enzyme inducers (MEIs) was examined in livers of male C57BL/6 mice. The data ...
Zheng Long-Yi - - 2012
The protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a classical non-transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase that plays a key role in metabolic signaling and can exert both tumor suppressing and tumor promoting effects in different cancers depending on the substrate involved and the cellular context. However, the expression level and function of PTP1B ...
Che Yufang - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world. Despite improved diagnosis and treatment, the prognosis for HCC patients remains poor. The goal of this study was to identify key regulatory proteins and signaling pathways important for cell apoptosis and proliferation as biomarkers for prognostication ...
Takata Akemi - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the third leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide, but the molecular mechanisms in tumorigenesis remain largely unknown. Previously, a DEAD-box protein DDX20, a component of microRNA-containing ribonucleoprotein complexes, was identified as a liver tumor suppressor candidate in an oncogenomics-based in vivo RNAi screen. However, the molecular mechanisms ...
Liu Menggang - - 2012
The expression of transmembrane and ubiquitin-like domain containing 1 (Tmub1) is upregulated during liver regeneration, however, the function and underlying molecular mechanisms responsible for Tmub1 action remain to be determined. This study utilized BRL-3A rat liver cells for Tmub1 shRNA lentivirus infection and IL-6 stimulation. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR and western blot analysis ...
Choudhury Mahua G - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO) is a highly versatile and unique ubiquitous signaling molecule, and is known to play diverse physiological functions in mammals including those of adaptation to various stresses. The present study reports on the influence of exposure to high external ammonia (HEA) on the production of nitric oxide (NO) ...
Coulouarn Cédric - - 2012
Many solid malignant tumors arise on a background of inflamed and/or fibrotic tissues, features that are found in more than 80% hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC) play a critical role in fibrogenesis associated with HCC onset and progression, yet their functional impact on hepatocyte fate remains largely ...
Zhao Wei W Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, Shaanxi Province, China. - - 2012
To compare the influence of different transplant sites in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapy for liver fibrosis. MSCs isolated from Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were induced into hepatocyte-like cells. Liver fibrosis in SD rats was induced with carbon tetrachloride. Following hepatocyte induction in vitro, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI)-labeled MSCs were ...
Fujisawa Kae - - 2012
Heat shock protein 25 (Hsp25) is a molecular chaperone playing roles in cytoprotection. We investigated the distribution and localization of Hsp25 expression in CCl(4)-induced rat hepatic lesions; liver samples were obtained from 3h to 10days after a single oral administration of CCl(4). Immunohistochemically, Hsp25-positive hepatocytes started to appear in the ...
Kurzawski Mateusz - - 2012
The transcription factor Nrf2, encoded by NFE2L2 gene is a key regulator of cellular defense against oxidative and electrophilic stress, also governing the expression of many phase II detoxification enzymes. Nrf2 is negatively regulated by KEAP1 protein. Recent studies have shown that Nrf2 might also constitute an important mediator of ...
Li Jinmao - - 2012
PURPOSE: The activation of hedgehog (Hh) pathways has been studied extensively in many malignant tumors to elucidate their clinical diagnostic and prognostic utilities. However, their roles in primary gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) remain poorly understood. This study was conducted to clarify the immunoreactivity and prognostic value of Hh pathway components in ...
Willers Imke M - - 2012
The mitochondrial H(+)-ATP synthase is a bottleneck component in the provision of metabolic energy by oxidative phosphorylation. The expression of its catalytic subunit (β-F1-ATPase) is stringently controlled at post-transcriptional levels during oncogenesis, the cell cycle and in development. Here we show that miR-127-5p targets the 3'UTR of β-F1-ATPase mRNA (β-mRNA) ...
He Chuanchao - - 2012
Tumor-associated epigenetic alterations including DNA methylation and histone modifications are important determinants in the initiation and progression of hepatocellular cancer (HCC) and represent promising biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Locus-specific trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4me) is a well-known modification linked to the enhanced transcriptional expression of many genes activated ...
Yan Zhenhua - - 2012
In the aquatic environment, both the estrogen receptor (ER) and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) responses are established biomarkers for assessing exposure to pollutants. These receptor responses can also be affected by the presence of other classes of pollutants and may result in misinterpretation of existing pollution. In this study, we ...
Endo-Umeda Kaori - - 2012
The liver X receptor α (LXRα) is a nuclear receptor that is involved in regulation of lipid metabolism, cellular proliferation and apoptosis, and immunity. In this report, we characterize three human LXRα isoforms with variation in the ligand-binding domain (LBD). While examining the expression of LXRα3, which lacks 60 amino ...
Osorio-Yáñez Citlalli - - 2012
Abstract AKR1A1 or aldehyde reductase is a member of the aldo keto reductases superfamily that is evolutionarily conserved among species. AKR1A1 is one of the five AKRs (AKR1A1 and 1C1-1C4)implicated in the metabolic benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)activation to reactive BaP 7,8-dione. BaP is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) widely distributed inaquatic ecosystems ...
Zhang Shengjie - - 2012
As a member of the GLI-Kruppel family of transcriptional factors, Yin Yang-1 (YY1) functions as an oncogene in various types of cancers. However, the role of YY1 in hepatocellular carcinogenesis remains unknown. In this report, we investigated the relevance of YY1 to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. We found that YY1 ...
Angadi Punnya V - - 2012
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic debilitating disease and a premalignant condition of the oral cavity characterized by generalized submucosal fibrosis. Despite its precancerous nature, the molecular biology regarding its malignant potential has not been extensively studied. PTEN, a known tumor suppressor gene is mutated in a majority of ...
Hall Angela M AM Center for Human Nutrition, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2012
Intrahepatic lipid accumulation is extremely common in obese subjects and is associated with the development of insulin resistance and diabetes. Hepatic diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol synthesis predominantly occurs through acylation of glycerol-3-phosphate. However, an alternative pathway for synthesizing diacylglycerol from monoacylglycerol acyltransferases (MGAT) could also contribute to hepatic glyceride pools. MGAT ...
Wang Lu - - 2012
Exposure to environmental contaminants, including various pesticides and trace metals, can disrupt critical olfactory-driven behaviors of fish such as homing to natal streams, mate selection, and an ability to detect predators and prey. These neurobehavioral injuries have been linked to reduced survival and population declines. Despite the importance of maintaining ...
Gu C Q - - 2012
Duck hepatitis virus type 1 (DHV-1) causes a highly contagious disease in ducklings and is often associated with liver necrosis, hemorrhages, and high mortality. In the current study, the expression levels of gene transcripts encoding proinflammatory cytokines and the virus were measured by quantitative reverse-transcription PCR in duck livers after ...
Inagaki Yutaka - - 2012
Based on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying hepatic fibrogenesis, several kinds of approaches have been proposed to treat liver fibrosis. Among a number of growth factors and cytokines that regulate collagen metabolism, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β is the most potent factor to accelerate liver fibrosis by activating hepatic stellate ...
Ismail Hassan Ahmed Hassan Ahmed - - 2012
Toxoplasma gondii can modulate host cell gene expression; however, determining gene expression levels in intermediate hosts after T. gondii infection is not known much. We selected 5 genes (ALDH1A2, BEX2, CCL3, EGR2 and PLAU) and compared the mRNA expression levels in the spleen, liver, lung and small intestine of genetically ...
Zhou Peng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNA) are a group of noncoding small RNAs that repress mRNA expression or induce mRNA degradation by binding to the 3'-untranslated regions of mRNAs. MiRNAs have been connected closely with the development of cancers such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the overexpression of microRNA-301a (miR-301a) has seldom been ...
Wu Zhiliang - - 2012
Galectin-1 is a beta-galactoside-binding lectin to function in cell adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, and might be involved in tumor progression and metastasis. In the present study, the expression kinetics of galectin-1 during the tumorigenesis of a parasite Opisthorchis viverrini infection-induced cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) was investigated in model animal hamsters, and the expression ...
Kirpich Irina - - 2012
Binge, as well as chronic, alcohol consumption affects global histone acetylation leading to changes in gene expression. It is becoming increasingly evident that these histone-associated epigenetic modifications play an important role in the development of alcohol-mediated hepatic injury. C57BL/6 mice were gavaged 3 times (12-hour intervals) with ethanol (EtOH; 4.5 ...
Goeman Frauke - - 2012
In vivo imaging involving the use of genetically engineered animals is an innovative powerful tool for the noninvasive assessment of the molecular and cellular events that are often targets of therapy. On the basis of the knowledge that the activity of the nuclear factor-Y (NF-Y) transcription factor is restricted in ...
Zhang Chris Z Y - - 2012
Zhang C Z Y, Cao Y, Yun J P, Chen G G & Lai P B S (2012) Histopathology00, Increased expression of ZBP-89 and its prognostic significance in hepatocellular carcinoma Aims:  ZBP-89 plays a role in cell growth and death. Its expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not well documented. ...
Xu Hanwen - - 2012
The precise mechanisms underlying gender disparity in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression and prognosis are not understood. We demonstrate that estrogen attenuates HCC progression in vitro and in vivo, and this may contribute to the gender differences in HCC behaviour. To investigate the role of estrogen in HCC progression, we developed ...
Mollbrink Annelie - - 2012
Abstract Background. In rat, the first 18-24 h after partial hepatectomy (PH) are characterized by an acute-phase reaction, after which liver regeneration predominates. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) induces the iron hormone hepcidin, which blocks iron uptake and may compromise iron uptake in the growing liver. The expressions of hepcidin and the iron-regulatory ...
Kim Jin-Hyoung - - 2012
Metallothionein (MT) has been used extensively as a potential molecular biomarker to detect heavy metal pollution in aquatic organisms. In order to investigate the modulation effect of heavy metals and to establish suitable biomarkers for the monitoring of heavy metal pollution, Pelteobagrus fulvidraco metallothionein gene was characterized as the first ...
Koganti Sivaramakrishna S Department of Biomedical Sciences, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Amarillo, TX 79106, - - 2012
Delayed onset of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in female patients is not well understood, but could be due in part to the protective effect of estrogen before menopause. Experimental studies have identified the angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) as a key factor in the progression of CVD. We examined the effects ...
Oda Yuki - - 2012
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) forms a heterodimer with aryl hydrocarbon receptor or hypoxia inducible factor 1α to mediate biological responses to xenobiotic exposure and hypoxia. Although the regulation mechanism of the ARNT expression is largely unknown, earlier studies reported that the human ARNT protein level was decreased by ...
Zhang Yuxia - - 2012
Dnmt1 is frequently overexpressed in cancers, which contributes significantly to cancer-associated epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes. However, the mechanism of Dnmt1 overexpression remains elusive. Herein, we elucidate a pathway through which nuclear receptor SHP inhibits zinc-dependent induction of Dnmt1 by antagonizing metal-responsive transcription factor-1 (MTF-1). Zinc treatment induces Dnmt1 ...
Nagai Kentaro - - 2012
Recent studies have demonstrated that natural antisense transcripts, which are complementary sequences to messenger RNA, have important cellular functions such as the stabilization and silencing of mRNA. However, the possible contribution of antisense transcripts in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development has not been described. Therefore, we simultaneously investigated the sense and ...
Mertens Peter R - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Expression of hepatobiliary transporters is decreased during endotoxemia. Reduction of Mrp2 is mediated by IL-1β-dependent signals but underlying mechanisms are still unclear. YB-1 is a predominantly cytoplasmic protein that translocates to the nucleus in response to various stimuli. Previously we have shown that YB-1 down-regulates Mrp2 expression in vitro. ...
Sato Fuyuki - - 2012
Smads are intracellular signaling mediators. Complexes of Smad2 and Smad3 with Smad4 transmit transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) receptor-induced signaling. Snail plays important roles in mesoderm formation, gastrulation, neural crest development, and epithelial mesenchymal transition. However, it remains unknown whether Smad3 and Snail expression is circadian rhythm-dependent. Here, we showed for ...
Zhang Suzhen - - 2012
Recently, we reported HC-HA, a covalent complex formed between heavy chains (HCs) of inter-α-inhibitor (IαI) and hyaluronan (HA) by the catalytic action of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6), is responsible for human amniotic membrane (AM) anti-inflammatory, anti-scarring, and anti-angiogenic actions. At the present time, the only well characterized source ...
Genovese Griselda - - 2012
The aim of this study was to describe the time-course of estrogen-induced gene expression, corresponding plasma protein detection and histological alterations after cessation of octylphenol (OP) exposure of Cichlasoma dimerus, to test differential responses of biomarkers suitable for environmental monitoring. Male fish were exposed to a nominal concentration of 150μg/L ...
Balasubramaniyan Natarajan - - 2012
The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a ligand (bile acid)-dependent nuclear receptor that regulates target genes involved in every aspect of bile acid homeostasis. Upon binding of ligand, FXR recruits an array of coactivators and associated proteins, some of which have intrinsic enzymatic activity that modify histones or even components ...
Gazzin Silvia S Fondazione Italiana Fegato (Italian Liver Foundation), Trieste, Italy. - - 2012
Few data exist on regional brain bilirubin content in the neonatal period when acute bilirubin-induced neurologic damage (BIND) may occur, and no information is available on regional brain expression of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (Cyps) that oxidize bilirubin. Bilirubin content was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography and Cyp1a1, 1a2, and 2a3 ...
Takezawa Takashi - - 2012
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) mRNA was detected in HepG2 cells by RT-PCR, but not in human fetal liver (HFL) cells. CYP3A4 was induced by rifampicin (RIF), mifepristone (RU486), clotrimazole (CTZ), and dexamethasone (DEX) in HepG2 cells, while these PXR ligands with the exception of DEX did not induce CYP3A4 mRNA ...
Li Huating H Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People’s Hospital, Shanghai, China. - - 2012
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) stimulates fatty acid oxidation and ketone body production in animals. In this study, we investigated the role of FGF21 in the metabolic activity of sodium butyrate, a dietary histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor. FGF21 expression was examined in serum and liver after injection of sodium butyrate ...
Soares João-Bruno - - 2012
We evaluated expression of TLR2, TLR4 and proinflammatory genes [NF-κB, TNF-α, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)] in liver samples of patients in different stages of liver disease. Fifteen patients with unexplained transaminases elevation (reference group), 22 with viral chronic hepatitis (hepatitis group), 14 with virus-induced severe fibrosis/cirrhosis (cirrhosis group) and 10 with hepatocarcinoma ...
Ng Raymond - - 2012
MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is thought to be an oncomir because it promotes cancer cell proliferation, migration, and survival. miR-21 is also expressed in normal cells, but its physiological role is poorly understood. Recently, it has been found that miR-21 expression is rapidly induced in rodent hepatocytes during liver regeneration after two-thirds ...
Chu Xiao-Yuan - - 2012
FOXM1, a member of the Forkhead Box (Fox) family of transcription factors, plays a critical role in tumor development and metastasis. The aim of this study was to elucidate its role in colorectal cancer (CRC), particularly prognosis and metastasis. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot assays were used to measure the ...
Sakabe Ryutaro - - 2012
Telomerase activity and human telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) have been reported as markers of tumor aggressiveness and poor prognosis in several digestive cancers. In the present study, we examined telomerase activity and TERT expression in ampullary carcinoma to determine whether these parameters could be used as indicators of aggressiveness and ...
Zhu Qin - - 2012
Distant migration and invasion is the main contributor to the death of cancer patients and miRNAs have been implicated in these processes. In the present study, we identified the role of microRNA-21 (miR-21) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) migration and invasion and determined its underlying regulatory mechanism. miR-21 was significantly upregulated ...
Sekine Shuichi - - 2012
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) is a member of a family of efflux transporters that are involved in biliary excretion of organic anions from hepatocytes. Disrupted canalicular localization and decreased protein expression of MRP2 have been observed in patients with chronic cholestatic disorder and hepatic failure without a change in ...
Kamileri Irene - - 2012
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) defects are associated with cancer, developmental disorders and neurodegeneration. However, with the exception of cancer, the links between defects in NER and developmental abnormalities are not well understood. Here, we show that the ERCC1-XPF NER endonuclease assembles on active promoters in vivo and facilitates chromatin modifications ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >