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Makia N L - - 2012
Previously we demonstrated that aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) 1a1 is the major ALDH expressed in mouse liver and is an effective catalyst in metabolism of lipid aldehydes. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed a ≈2.5- to 3-fold induction of the hepatic ALDH1A1 mRNA in mice administered either acrolein (5 mg/kg ...
Hur Keun K Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Laboratory, Baylor Research Institute and Sammons Cancer Center, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75246, - - 2013
Distant metastasis is the major cause of cancer-related death in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Although the microRNA-200 (miR-200) family is a crucial inhibitor of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human cancer, the role of miR-200 members in the pathogenesis of metastatic CRC has not been investigated. Fifty-four pairs of primary ...
He Yong - - 2012
Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) plays a pivotal role in the development of hepatic fibrosis. Transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1) is considered to be the main stimuli factor responsible for the activation HSC. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have recently been shown to regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. The involvement of miRNAs and ...
Chassaing Benoit - - 2012
Ileal lesions of patients with Crohn's disease are colonized by adherent-invasive Escherichia coli (AIEC). The earliest lesions of recurrent Crohn's disease are erosions of Peyer's patches (PP). We recently reported the presence of a functional lpf operon in AIEC, encoding long polar fimbriae (LPF), that allows AIEC bacteria to interact ...
Costa-Matos Luís - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepcidin plays a crucial role in iron metabolism, preventing its absorption at the basolateral enterocyte membrane. Hepcidin regulation is complex and regulated at the transcriptional level. The relation between iron overload and alcoholic liver disease is well known, but its mechanism is not clear. We present an ...
Turner Sharon L - - 2012
Little is known about the expression or role of ADAMTS-1, -4 and -5 and their endogenous inhibitor TIMP3 in the liver in physiological and pathological conditions. Their expression was, therefore, investigated in the hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines HepG2 and HuH-7 using qRT-PCR and western blotting, and their cellular localisation by ...
Zhang Shu-Yun - - 2012
The CYP2C genes are extensively regulated at the transcriptional stage. The present study shows for the first time that CYP2Cs are also regulated post-transcriptionally by microRNAs (miRNAs). By using online search engines, we found potential miRNA response elements (MREs) in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the CYP2C mRNAs. Among these ...
Tu Kangsheng - - 2012
The problems of aging, obesity and a number of types of metabolic syndromes, including diabetes, are associated with a higher risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the mechanisms of occurrence and development of NAFLD in humans remain unclear. Sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1 is a transcription factor ...
Lakner Ashley M - - 2012
Hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation is a pivotal event in initiation and progression of hepatic fibrosis and a major contributor to collagen deposition driven by transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β). MicroRNAs (miRs), small noncoding RNAs modulating messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression, have emerged as key regulatory molecules in chronic ...
Bosomworth Helen J - - 2012
Zn is essential to the structure and function of numerous proteins and enzymes so requires tight homeostatic control at both the systemic and cellular level. Two families of Zn transporters - ZIP (SLC39) and ZnT (SLC30) - contribute to Zn homeostasis. There are at least 10 members of the human ...
Sun Zhichao - - 2012
Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) is the initial and rate-limiting enzyme for bile acid synthesis. Transcription of the CYP7A1 gene is regulated by bile acids, nuclear receptors and cytokines. Fibroblast growth factor 7 (FGF7) secreted from activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC) during chronic liver fibrosis regulates hepatocyte survival and liver regeneration. In ...
Borkham-Kamphorst Erawan - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: CCN3/NOV, a matricellular protein of the CYR61-CTGF-NOV (CCN) family, comprises six secreted proteins that associate specifically with the extracellular matrix. CCN proteins lack specific high-affinity receptors; instead, they regulate crucial biological processes, such as fibrosis, by signalling via integrins and proteoglycans. Recent studies have linked overexpression of ...
Qian Jingjing - - 2012
Hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation is a key step in process of liver fibrosis. Transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1) is the most powerful mediator of HSC activation and plays a central role in liver fibrosis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is an important regulator of adipocyte differentiation and has been proposed as a ...
Giovannini Catia - - 2012
CDKN1C/P57 is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor implicated in different human cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, little is known regarding the role of CDKN1C/P57 and its regulation in HCC. In this study, we show that the down-regulation of Notch1 and Notch3 in two HCC cell lines resulted in Hes1 down-regulation, ...
Zhang Yingying - - 2012
The full-length cDNAs for estrogen receptor 1 (esr1), esr2a and esr2b were isolated and characterized from the loach (Paramisgurnus dabryanus, Cobitidae, cypriniformes). P. dabryanus Esr1, Esr2a and Esr2b share high amino acids identities with their counterparts of cyprinid species. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to analyze the tissue distribution ...
Zancanella Vanessa - - 2012
1. In humans and rodents, phenobarbital (PB) induces hepatic and extra-hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes (DMEs) through the activation of specific nuclear receptors (NRs). In contrast, few data about PB transcriptional effects in veterinary species are available. 2. The constitutive expression and modulation of PB-responsive NR and DME genes, following an oral PB ...
Chen Po-Jen - - 2012
Deregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is common in advanced human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, the ones involved in early carcinogenesis have not yet been investigated. By examining the expression of 22 HCC-related miRNAs between precancerous and cancerous liver tissues, we found miR-216a and miR-224 were significantly up-regulated, starting from the precancerous ...
Li Pin Dong - - 2012
RPS6KB1 (ribosomal protein S6 kinase, 70 kDa, polypeptide 1) plays a key role in regulating protein translation. The role of RPS6KB1 in HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma) has not been fully investigated. This study was undertaken to determine the clinicopathological features and prognostic value of RPS6KB1 in HCC. We examined RPS6KB1 expression in ...
Kodama Keita - - 2012
There is an urgent need to develop reliable biomarkers of environmental hypoxia exposure in marine organisms in order to assess the ecological impacts of the marked increase in coastal hypoxia worldwide. Full-length hypoxia-inducible factor HIF-1α and HIF-2α cDNAs were cloned and characterized from dragonet Callionymus valenciennei, a representative epibenthic teleost ...
Wang Jian - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: miR-182 is one of the most significantly up-regulated miRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Metastasis suppressor 1 (MTSS1), one target gene of miR-182, plays an important role in the metastasis of cancers. However, it remains unclear that the exact function and mechanism of miR-182 and MTSS1 in HCC. METHODS: ...
Du Yumei - - 2012
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in human cancers. It has been reported that lncRNA highly up-regulated in liver cancer (HULC) is dramatically up-regulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) contributes importantly to the development of HCC. However, the function of HULC in HCC mediated ...
Nagano Motoaki - - 2012
Multifunctional redox protein human thioredoxin (TRX-1) is reduced by thioredoxin reductase (TRX-R). The aim of the present study was to examine the distribution of TRX-1 and TRX-R expressions in gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) to clarify their usefulness as prognostic factors after surgical resection. Immunohistochemical staining for TRX-1 and TRX-R was performed ...
Di Fazio Pietro - - 2012
Inhibitors of protein deacetylases represent a novel therapeutic option for cancer diseases due to their effects on transcriptional regulation by interfering with histones acetylation and on several other cellular pathways. Recently, their ability to modulate several transcription factors and, interestingly, also co-factors, which actively participate in formation and modulation of ...
Tu Chuan-Tao - - 2012
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of curcumin on the liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in rats, and to elucidate its underlying molecular mechanisms. Rats were administered with CCl4 together with or without curcumin for 6 weeks. Hepatic damage was evaluated by analysis of ...
Zhang Xin - - 2012
Cytosolic sulfotransferase 2B1b (SULT2B1b) catalyzes the sulfation of 3β-hydroxysteroids and functions as a selective cholesterol and oxysterol sulfotransferase. Activation of liver X receptors (LXRs) by oxysterols has been known to be an antiproliferative factor. Overexpression of SULT2B1b impairs LXR's response to oxysterols, by which it regulates lipid metabolism. The aim ...
Yang Xue-Xi XX School of Biotechnology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, Guangdong Province, - - 2012
To investigated whether sall3 transcription was regulated by promoter CpG island hypermethylation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The cell lines Huh7, HepG2, SK-HEP1, SMMC7721, Bel7402, QGY7703 and a cohort of 38 HCC tissue specimens and corresponding nontumorous tissues were subjected to analysis for sall3 promoter CpG island methylation and mRNA transcription. ...
Lee Eric G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of sex steroids on hepatic inflammatory pathways in short-term chronically ethanol-fed rats. METHODS: Ovariectomized female Wistar rats (8-12 weeks old, n = 8 per treatment group) were implanted with osmotic pumps releasing 17β-estradiol (20 μg/24 h) or testosterone (25 μg/24 h) and fed liquid diets with or without ethanol (8 % w/v) for ...
Foster John R - - 2012
The aims of this study were to assess the utility of the PXB mouse model of a chimeric human/mouse liver in studying human-specific effects of an important human hepatotoxic drug, the PPARγ agonist, troglitazone. When given orally by gavage for 7 days, at dose levels of 300 and 600 ppm, ...
Fan Ji-Shan - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen has been used as a health product and natural remedy in traditional medicine for cardiovascular diseases for more than 1000 years in Asia, including China, Japan, and Korea. Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) are the major effective ingredients extracted from Panax notoginseng. AIM OF ...
Wo┼║ny Maciej - - 2012
Zearalenone (ZEA) is a mycotoxin of worldwide occurrence, and it has been shown to produce numerous adverse effects in both laboratory and domestic animals. However, regardless of recent achievements, the molecular mechanisms underlying ZEA toxicity remain elusive, and little is known about transcriptome changes of fish cells in response to ...
Weikard Rosemarie - - 2012
The molecular mechanisms regulating the physiological adaptation of tissues important for nutrient partitioning and metabolism in lactating cows are still not completely understood. The aim of our study was to identify tissue-specific regulatory mechanisms necessary to accommodate metabolic changes associated with different genetic potential for milk performance. For this purpose, ...
Frau Maddalena M Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Experimental Pathology and Oncology, University of Sassari, Sassari, - - 2012
Down-regulation of the liver-specific MAT1A gene, encoding S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) synthesizing isozymes MATI/III, and up-regulation of widely expressed MAT2A, encoding MATII isozyme, known as MAT1A:MAT2A switch, occurs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here we found Mat1A:Mat2A switch and low SAM levels, associated with CpG hypermethylation and histone H4 deacetylation of Mat1A promoter, ...
Wang Bo B Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2012
Considerable effort has been made in elucidating the mechanism and functional significance of high levels of aerobic glycolysis in cancer cells, commonly referred to as the Warburg effect. Here we investigated whether the gluconeogenic pathway is significantly modulated in hepatocarcinogenesis, resulting in altered levels of glucose homeostasis. To test this ...
Xiao Xiao - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Liver fibrosis is characterized by accumulation of extracellular matrix. Our previous study found that osteopontin (OPN) increased in plasma of cirrhotic patients and indicative of cirrhosis staging. The present study was designed to investigate the expression of OPN in liver tissues and plasma of cirrhotic patients and ...
Cai Yu - - 2012
  To determine the function of Smad ubiquitin regulatory factor 2 (Smurf2) on the development of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis.   In vivo Smurf2 expression in fibrotic and cirrhotic rat and human liver tissues were measured using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western blot (WB) and immunohistochemistry. In vitro Smurf2 levels ...
Conde-Sieira Marta - - 2012
To assess whether glucosensing capacity in peripheral (liver and Brockmann bodies) and central (hypothalamus and hindbrain) locations of rainbow trout displays day-night variations in its response to changes in circulating glucose levels, we evaluated the response of parameters related to glucosensing (glucose, glycogen and glucose 6-phosphate levels, activities of GK, ...
Robertson Laura S - - 2012
The parr-smolt transformation in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is a complex developmental process that culminates in the ability to migrate to and live in seawater. Exposure to environmental contaminants like nonylphenol can disrupt smolt development and may be a contributing factor in salmon population declines. We used GRASP 16K cDNA ...
Karuppasamy Sankarapandian - - 2012
Loss-of function mutations in the transmembrane inner ear expressed (Tmie/TMIE) gene have been shown to cause deafness in mice and humans (DFNB6). Previous studies report that the circling mouse can be an animal model for DFNB6. However, the expression pattern of Tmie protein in postnatal developmental stages has not been ...
Lin Hsiu-Ching - - 2012
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol that has beneficial effects across species and various disease models. Here, we investigate whether resveratrol is effective against hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using HBV X protein (HBx) transgenic mice. We found that resveratrol (30 mg/kg/d) has a therapeutic effect on HBx-induced fatty ...
Jones Nathan R NR Department of Pharmacology, Pennsylvania State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
The UDP glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A gene cluster encodes nine UGT1A family members via splicing of individual first exons to common exons 2 through 5. Each of these nine UGT1As can also undergo alternative splicing at their 3' ends by using an alternate exon 5, resulting in 27 different UGT1A mRNA ...
Shu Guo-Shun - - 2012
Dicer and Drosha are two key enzymes that are involved in the processing of miRNA production. Their expressions in gallbladder cancer have not been investigated. In this study, we studied Dicer and Drosha expression in 21 non-dysplastic gallbladder epithelia and 108 gallbladder adenocarcinomas by immunohistochemical staining. The clinicopathological significance of ...
Fang Xuemei - - 2012
Kupffer cells (KCs) have been demonstrated to play a role in the regulation of intra-hepatic lipid metabolism through the synthesis and secretion of biologically active products. The involvement of KCs in the disturbance of lipid metabolism that induced by perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), a known agonist of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ...
Cheng Xingguo - - 2012
In humans and rodents, paraoxonase (PON/Pon) 1 expression and activity in livers and serum are higher in females than in males, and some drugs increase paraoxonase's expression. However, the underlining mechanisms of gender-divergent expression and chemical regulation of Pon1 remain largely unknown. The present study determined the regulatory mechanisms contributing ...
Li Shanni - - 2012
Background/Aims: Somatostatin analog improves survival in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma by interacting with its specific receptor 2 and 5. However, expression of somatostatin receptor (SSTR) in operable HCC is still unclear. In this study, we analyzed the expression of SSTR-2 and -5 in HBV-related HCC and compared its clinicopathological ...
Wang Xiao-Lin XL Gastroenterology Department, The Second Military Medical University, Changzheng Hospital, Shanghai 200003, - - 2012
To study the expression of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E), which is closely correlated with malignant tumors, and its relationship to prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma. Western blotting was performed to quantify the elF4E protein expression in the normal human liver cell line L02 and the hepatoma cell lines Hep3B, ...
Johnston Jolene - - 2012
AimsTo assess the expression of Twisted gastrulation (TWSG1) protein, which regulates the activity of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in the extracellular space in malignant epithelial tumours of the liver.MethodsThirteen hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) samples and 12 intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma (CCA) samples were compiled into diagnosis-specific tissue microarrays. Sections were immunostained with ...
Buurman Reena - - 2012
BACKGROUND & AIMS:: Histone deacetylation regulates chromatin remodeling and transcriptional downregulation of specific genomic regions; it is altered in many types of cancer cells. We searched for microRNAs (miRs) that are affected by histone deacetylation and investigated the effects in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. METHODS:: HCC cell lines (HepG2, HLE, ...
Osaki Aya - - 2012
Nesfatin-1, an anorexigenic protein, is ubiquitously expressed in the body. However, the exact mechanism underlying the in vivo regulation of production of nesfatin/nucleobindin-2 (NUCB2), a precursor protein of nesfatin-1, is unknown. We investigated the influence of modulation of autonomic nerve activity by a ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) lesion and the subsequent ...
Tomita Kengo - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The tumor suppressor p53 is a primary sensor of stressful stimuli, controlling a number of biologic processes. The aim of our study was to examine the roles of p53 in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). METHODS: Male wild-type and p53-deficient mice were fed a methionine- and choline-deficient diet for eight weeks ...
Harada Nagakatsu - - 2012
Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 1 (GPAT1) acts as a rate limiting enzyme in triacylglycerol and phospholipid synthesis in mammals. GPAT1 regulates hepatic lipid accumulation associated with metabolic disorders. Here we have identified two transcriptional initiation sites and two promoters (promoter I and II) required for expression of the human GPAT1 (hGPAT1) gene. ...
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