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Nilsson Eric E EE E Nilsson, School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, United - - 2014
A network of extracellular signaling factors has previously been shown to act in concert to control the ovarian primordial to primary follicle transition. The current study was designed to investigate the roles of the endogenous bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) inhibitors Gremlin1 (GREM1) and Gremlin2 (GREM2) in primordial follicle transition in ...
Guo Fei - - 2014
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its reverse process, mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET), play important roles in embryogenesis, stem cell biology, and cancer progression. EMT can be regulated by many signaling pathways and regulatory transcriptional networks. Furthermore, post-transcriptional regulatory networks regulate EMT; these networks include the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and microRNA (miRNA) ...
Nitzan Mor M Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel; Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, - - 2014
Small RNAs are integral regulators of bacterial gene expression, the majority of which act posttranscriptionally by basepairing with target mRNAs, altering translation or mRNA stability. 6S RNA, however, is a small RNA that is a transcriptional regulator, acting by binding directly to σ(70)-RNA polymerase (σ(70)-RNAP) and preventing its binding to ...
Chalupnikova Katerina K Institute of Molecular Genetics AS CR; Prague, Czech - - 2014
At the end of the growth phase, mouse antral follicle oocytes acquire full developmental competence. In the mouse, this event is marked by the transition from the so-called non-surrounded nucleolus (NSN) chromatin configuration into the transcriptionally quiescent surrounded nucleolus (SN) configuration, which is named after a prominent perinucleolar condensed chromatin ...
Yao Yuangen - - 2014
During early vertebrate development, various small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) such as MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are dynamically expressed for orchestrating the maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT). Systematic analysis of expression profiles of zebrafish small RNAome will be greatly helpful for understanding the sRNA regulation during embryonic development. We first determined ...
Kozai Keisuke K Laboratory of Reproductive Physiology, Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, - - 2014
Regression of the corpus luteum (CL) is characterized by a decay in progesterone (P4) production (functional luteolysis) and disappearance of luteal tissues (structural luteolysis). In mares, structural luteolysis is thought to be caused by apoptosis of luteal cells, but functional luteolysis is poorly understood. 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) catabolizes P4 into ...
Yang Meiling M State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China ; Institute of Applied Biology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, - - 2014
Phenotypic plasticity is ubiquitous and primarily controlled by interactions between environmental and genetic factors. The migratory locust, a worldwide pest, exhibits pronounced phenotypic plasticity, which is a population density-dependent transition that occurs between the gregarious and solitary phases. Genes involved in dopamine synthesis have been shown to regulate the phase ...
Balanzà Vicente V Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Plantas, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas-Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Avenida de los Naranjos s/n, 46022 Valencia, - - 2014
The role in flowering time of the MADS-box transcription factor FRUITFULL (FUL) has been proposed in many works. FUL has been connected to several flowering pathways as a target of the photoperiod, ambient temperature, and age pathways and it is has been shown to promote flowering in a partially redundant ...
Zhang Jiajun J Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Computational Science, School of Mathematics and Computational Science, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, People's Republic of - - 2014
Genes in eukaryotic cells are typically regulated by complex promoters containing multiple binding sites for a variety of transcription factors, but how promoter dynamics affect transcriptional dynamics has remained poorly understood. In this study, we analyze gene models at the transcriptional regulation level, which incorporate the complexity of promoter structure ...
Inoue Mayuko M Laboratory of Neural Differentiation, Graduate School of Brain Science, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan ; Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, - - 2014
Here, we found that the PR domain protein Prdm8 serves as a key regulator of the length of the multipolar phase by controlling the timing of morphological transition. We used a mouse line with expression of Prdm8-mVenus reporter and found that Prdm8 is predominantly expressed in the middle and upper ...
Yuan Xi X Department of Biology, Indiana University, 212 S. Hawthorne Drive, Room 043F Bloomington, IN 47405-7003 Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Indiana University, 2719 E. 10th St., Room 205, Bloomington, IN 47408-2671 The Biocomplexity Institute, Department of Physics, 212 S. Hawthorne Drive, Room 047, Bloomington, IN 47405-7003 Department of Statistics, Indiana University, 309 N. Park Avenue Bloomington, IN - - 2013
Cdh1, a coactivator of the anaphase-promoting complex (APC), is a potential tumor suppressor. Cdh1 ablation promotes precocious S-phase entry, but it was unclear how this affects DNA replication dynamics, while contributing to genomic instability and tumorigenesis. We found that Cdh1 depletion caused early S-phase onset in conjunction with an increase ...
Javaid Sarah S Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, - - 2013
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is thought to contribute to cancer metastasis, but its underlying mechanisms are not well understood. To define early steps in this cellular transformation, we analyzed human mammary epithelial cells with tightly regulated expression of Snail-1, a master regulator of EMT. After Snail-1 induction, epithelial markers were repressed ...
Millanes-Romero Alba - - 2013
Although heterochromatin is enriched with repressive traits, it is also actively transcribed, giving rise to large amounts of noncoding RNAs. Although these RNAs are responsible for the formation and maintenance of heterochromatin, little is known about how their transcription is regulated. Here, we show that the Snail1 transcription factor represses ...
Balakrishnan-Renuka Ajeesh - - 2013
The embryonic muscles of the axial skeleton and limbs take their origin from the dermomyotomes of the somites. During embryonic myogenesis, muscle precursors delaminate from the dermomyotome giving rise to the hypaxial and epaxial myotome. Mutant studies for myogenic regulatory factors have shown that the development of the hypaxial myotome ...
Hahn Stefanie - - 2013
Here, we show that expression of ZNF281/ZBP-99 is controlled by SNAIL and miR-34a/b/c in a coherent feed-forward loop: the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) inducing factor SNAIL directly induces ZNF281 transcription and represses miR-34a/b/c, thereby alleviating ZNF281 mRNA from direct down-regulation by miR-34. Furthermore, p53 activation resulted in a miR-34a-dependent repression of ...
Al-Hinai Mohab A - - 2013
Sporulation in the model endospore-forming organism Bacillus subtilis proceeds via the sequential and stage-specific activation of the sporulation-specific sigma factors, σ(H) (early),σ(F), σ(E), σ(G), and σ(K) (late). Here we show that the Clostridium acetobutylicum σ(K) acts both early prior to Spo0A expression and late past σ(G) activation, thus departing from ...
Tam Wai Leong - - 2013
During the course of malignant cancer progression, neoplastic cells undergo dynamic and reversible transitions between multiple phenotypic states, the extremes of which are defined by the expression of epithelial and mesenchymal phenotypes. This plasticity is enabled by underlying shifts in epigenetic regulation. A small cohort of pleiotropically acting transcription factors ...
Hubstenberger Arnaud - - 2013
Like membranous organelles, large-scale coassembly of macromolecules can organize functions in cells. Ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) can form liquid or solid aggregates, but control and consequences of these RNP states in living, developing tissue are poorly understood. Here, we show that regulated RNP factor interactions drive transitions among diffuse, semiliquid, or solid ...
Wang Haiyun - - 2013
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition is an important mechanism in cancer metastasis. Although transcription factors including SNAIL, SLUG, and TWIST1 regulate the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, other unknown transcription factors could also be involved. Identification of the full complement of transcription factors is essential for a more complete understanding of gene regulation in this ...
Knapczyk-Stwora Katarzyna - - 2013
In pigs, primordial to primary follicle transition occur in the late pregnancy. The interactions between Kit ligand (KL) and its receptor (c-Kit), as well as insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and cognate receptor (IGF1R) are crucial for the primordial follicle activation. It is well established that hormonal disruption induces abnormalities ...
Speight Pam - - 2013
Induction of epithelial-myofibroblast transition (EMyT), a robust fibrogenic phenotype change hallmarked by α-smooth muscle actin (SMA) expression, requires transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFβ) and the absence/uncoupling of intracellular contacts. This suggests that an "injured" epithelium may be topically susceptible to TGFβ. To explore this concept we used an epithelial wound model ...
Tang Ming - - 2013
Chromatin readers decipher the functional readouts of histone modifications by recruiting specific effector complexes for subsequent epigenetic reprogramming. The LSD1 (also known as KDM1A) histone demethylase complex modifies chromatin and represses transcription in part by catalyzing demethylation of dimethylated histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4me2), a mark for active transcription. However, ...
Cai Zhigang - - 2013
Hypoxia is an important mechanism involved in dermal scar formation. Post‑intubation tracheal stenosis (PTS) has similar pathological characteristics and formation mechanisms to skin hypertrophic scars. Hypoxia‑inducible factor‑1α (HIF‑1α) is a nuclear transcription factor that facilitates the adaptation of human cells to compromised oxygen tension under hypoxic conditions. The aim of ...
Lidschreiber Michael M Gene Center and Department of Biochemistry, Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich, Ludwig Maximilians Universität München, Munich, - - 2013
After transcription initiation, RNA polymerase (Pol) II escapes from the promoter and recruits elongation factors. The molecular basis for the initiation-elongation factor exchange during this transition remains poorly understood. Here, we used chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) to elucidate the initiation-elongation transition of Pol II in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We ...
Gupta Sameer - - 2013
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) plays a major role in photoperiodic regulation of seasonal functions by modulating the melatonin signal. To date no report exists regarding the role of the ambient photoperiod in the regulation of melatonin receptor MT1 and clock gene (PER1 and CRY1) expression in the SCN of any ...
Lilley Jodi L Stewart - - 2013
There are two stages in photomorphogenesis. First, seedlings detect light and open their cotyledons. Second, seedlings optimize their light environment by controlled elongation of the seedling stem or hypocotyl. In this study, we used time-lapse imaging to investigate the relationship between the hormones brassinosteroids (BRs) and gibberellins (GAs) across both ...
Gregis Veronica - - 2013
BACKGROUND: MADS-domain transcription factors play important roles during plant development. The Arabidopsis MADS-box gene SHORT VEGETATIVE PHASE (SVP) is a key regulator of two developmental phases. It functions as a repressor of the floral transition during the vegetative phase and later it contributes to the specification of floral meristems. How ...
Valin Alvaro - - 2013
The transition of paused RNA polymerase II into productive elongation is a highly dynamic process that serves to fine-tune gene expression in response to changing cellular environments. We have recently reported that the transcription factor Sp3 inhibits the transition of paused RNA Pol II to productive elongation at the promoter ...
Zhou Wu - - 2013
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) can be induced by several pleiotropically activated transcription factors, including the zinc-finger, E-box-binding protein, Zeb1. Mechanisms regulating Zeb1 expression have been partly uncovered, showing a critical role for the miR-200 family members. Here, we show that Zeb1 is regulated by the Arf GTPase-activating protein (GAP), Git2. Following ...
Wu Man - - 2013
Unexplained infertility affects 25% of infertile couples. Cytokines and growth factors have been suggested to play an important role in the initial process of successful implantation in humans and failures in their production may be a cause of unexplained infertility. Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) have demonstrated their ...
Li Xuefei - - 2013
SOX2 was reported to promote metastasis in various tumor tissues; however the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we disclosed that SOX2 improves metastasis of breast and prostate cancer cells by promoting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through WNT/β-catenin, but not TGF-β or Snail1 signaling. Dual luciferase assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed activation ...
Guttenplan Sarah B - - 2013
Many bacteria swim in liquid or swarm over solid surfaces by synthesizing rotary flagella. The same bacteria that are motile also commonly form non-motile multicellular aggregates held together by an extracellular matrix called biofilms. Biofilms are an important part of the lifestyle of pathogenic bacteria and it is assumed that ...
Lander Rachel - - 2013
A subset of transcription factors classified as neural crest 'specifiers' are also core epithelial-mesenchymal transition regulatory factors, both in the neural crest and in tumour progression. The bHLH factor Twist is among the least well studied of these factors. Here we demonstrate that Twist is required for cranial neural crest ...
Mu Jiao - - 2013
Mesangial cell (MC) phenotypic transition is crucial for the progression of diabetic nephropathy. A major stimulus mediating high glucose-induced MC phenotypic transition is TGF-β1. Our current study focuses on microRNA-215 (miR-215) and investigates its role in TGF-β1-mediated MC phenotypic transition. Using real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and northern blotting, we determined ...
Zou Yanmin - - 2013
Seedling establishment is a critical phase in the life of plants when they are the most vulnerable to environment. Growth arrest at post-germinative stage under stress is the major adaptive strategy to help germinating seedlings to survive a spectrum of stressful conditions. ABA signaling is the key pathway to control ...
Wang Yanping - - 2013
Seed germination and flowering initiation are both transitions responding to similar seasonal cues. This study shows that ABSCISIC ACID-INSENSITIVE MUTANT 5 (ABI5), a bZIP transcription factor, which plays an important role in the abscisic acid (ABA)-arrested seed germination, is robustly associated with the floral transition in Arabidopsis. Under long-day conditions, ...
Poethig R Scott - - 2013
As a plant shoot develops, it produces different types of leaves, buds, and internodes, and eventually acquires the capacity to produce structures involved in sexual reproduction. Morphological and anatomical traits that change in coordinated fashion at a predictable time in vegetative development allow this process to be divided into several ...
Antebi Adam - - 2013
Hormones play a critical role in driving major stage transitions and developmental timing events in many species. In the nematode C. elegans the steroid hormone receptor, DAF-12, works at the confluence of pathways regulating developmental timing, stage specification, and longevity. DAF-12 couples environmental and physiologic signals to life history regulation, ...
Lau Susanna K P - - 2013
Penicillium marneffei is the most important thermal dimorphic fungus causing systemic mycosis in China and Southeast Asia. While miRNAs are increasingly recognized for their roles in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in animals and plants, miRNAs in fungi were less well studied and their potential roles in fungal dimorphism were ...
Huang Yehong - - 2013
B cyclins regulate G2-M transition. Because human somatic cells continue to cycle after reduction of cyclin B1 (cycB1) or cyclin B2 (cycB2) by RNA interference (RNAi), and because cycB2 knockout mice are viable, the existence of two genes should be an optimization. To explore this idea, we generated HeLa BD™ ...
Ma Jun J Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
The oocyte-to-zygote transition entails transforming a highly differentiated oocyte into totipotent blastomeres and represents one of the earliest obstacles that must be successfully hurdled for continued development. Degradation of maternal mRNAs, which likely lies at the heart of this transition, is characterized by a transition from mRNA stability to instability ...
Yu Sha S National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics , Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences , Shanghai , China ; Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing , - - 2013
The transition from the juvenile to adult phase in plants is controlled by diverse exogenous and endogenous cues such as age, day length, light, nutrients, and temperature. Previous studies have shown that the gradual decline in microRNA156 (miR156) with age promotes the expression of adult traits. However, how age temporally ...
Hoogduin Klaas J - - 2012
A clearcut definition of the transition from the cervix to the lower uterine segment is lacking. We therefore evaluated the location of the anatomic border between the cervix and the uterine corpus. Using both morphometry and immunohistochemisty, we examined the epithelial and stromal cell types in this transition zone. In ...
Sukumari-Ramesh Sangeetha S Department of Neurosurgery, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, USA. - - 2012
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), the most common form of hemorrhagic stroke, accounts for up to 15% of all strokes. Despite maximal surgical intervention and supportive care, ICH is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, in part due to a lack of viable treatment options. Astrogliosis, a key feature of secondary injury ...
Strobl-Mazzulla Pablo H - - 2012
Neural crest cells form within the neural tube and then undergo an epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) to initiate migration to distant locations. The transcriptional repressor Snail2 has been implicated in neural crest EMT via an as of yet unknown mechanism. We report that the adaptor protein PHD12 is highly ...
Reinke Lauren M - - 2012
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a tightly regulated process that is critical for development, is frequently re-activated during cancer metastasis and recurrence. We reported previously that CD44 isoform switching is critical for EMT and showed that the splicing factor ESRP1 inhibits CD44 isoform switching during EMT. However, the mechanism by which ESRP1 ...
Wu Bin - - 2012
SAMP8, senescence accelerated mice with age-related deficits in memory and learning, are known to show age-related increases of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and immunopositivity for amyloid-β (Aβ) proteins, and moreover to be under elevated oxidative stress. The elevated expression of class B scavenger receptor CD36, which is the receptor of ...
Hoshi Akihiko - - 2012
Senile plaques (SPs) containing amyloid β peptide (Aβ) 1-42 are the major species present in Alzheimer disease (AD), whereas Aβ1-40 is the major constituent of arteriolar walls affected by cerebral amyloid angiopathy. The water channel proteins astrocytic aquaporin 1 (AQP1) and aquaporin 4 (AQP4) are known to be abnormally expressed ...
Bizuayehu T T - - 2012
The role of miRNA in fish sexual development is not elucidated yet. We profiled miRNAs in gonads and brains of Atlantic halibut using SOLiD sequencing technology. We found tissue- and sexually dimorphic expression of several miRNAs, including miR-29a, miR-34, miR-143, miR-145, miR-202-3p, miR-451, and miR-2188. miR-9 and miR-202 were abundant ...
John-Aryankalayil Molykutty - - 2012
We have previously demonstrated that prostate carcinoma cells exposed to fractionated radiation differentially expressed more genes compared to single-dose radiation. To understand the role of miRNA in regulation of radiation-induced gene expression, we analyzed miRNA expression in LNCaP, PC3 and DU145 prostate cancer cells treated with single-dose radiation and fractionated ...
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