Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1643
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Leem Yea-Hyun YH Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Dankook University, Cheonan-si, Chungnam, - - 2014
Magnesium metal and its alloys have been proposed as a novel class of bone implant biomaterials because of their biodegradability and mechanical properties. The purpose of this study was to determine whether magnesium ions, which are released abundantly from alloys, affect proliferation and differentiation of human bone marrow-derived stromal cells ...
Bakker A D AD Department of Oral Cell Biology, ACTA-University of Amsterdam and VU University Amsterdam, MOVE Research Institute Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Mechanosensitive osteocytes regulate bone mass in adults. Interleukin 6 (IL-6), such as present during orthodontic tooth movement, also strongly affects bone mass, but little is known about the effect of IL-6 on osteocyte function. Therefore we aimed to determine in vitro whether IL-6 affects osteocyte mechanosensitivity, and osteocyte regulation of ...
Zheng Xiaowei X Department of Cell and Molecular Biology and Microbiology and Tumor Biology Center, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77 Stockholm, - - 2014
The cellular response to hypoxia is regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor-1α and -2α (HIF-1α and -2α). We have discovered that filamin A (FLNA), a large cytoskeletal actin-binding protein, physically interacts with HIF-1α and promotes tumor growth and angiogenesis. Hypoxia induces a calpain-dependent cleavage of FLNA to generate a naturally occurring C-terminal ...
He Wei W Consumer Science and Intelligent Systems, Food and Biobased Research, Wageningen University and Research Centre Wageningen, Netherlands ; Division of Human Nutrition, Sensory Science and Eating Behaviour, Wageningen University Wageningen, - - 2014
Why we like or dislike certain products may be better captured by physiological and behavioral measures of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) than by conscious or classical sensory tests. Responses to pleasant and unpleasant food odors presented in varying concentrations were assessed continuously using facial expressions and responses of the ...
Shangguan Lingfei - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in post-transcriptional gene regulation that involved in various biological and metabolic processes. Many extensive studies have been done in model plant species, to discover miRNAs' regulating expression of their target genes and analyze their functions. But, the function of Poncirus trifoliata miRNAs has not ...
Zhang Wei - - 2013
ZBED6 was identified as a transcription factor that affects muscle mass and fat deposition in pigs. Mechanisms mediating effects on fat mass are unclear. The objective was to determine the effect of ZBED6 mRNA knockdown on 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation and gene expression. Differentiation was associated with increased mRNA abundance of ...
Malott Rebecca J RJ Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S - - 2013
Clinical and epidemiological synergy exists between the globally important sexually transmitted infections, gonorrhea and HIV. Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which causes gonorrhea, is particularly adept at driving HIV-1 expression, but the molecular determinants of this relationship remain undefined. N. gonorrhoeae liberates a soluble factor that potently induces expression from the HIV-1 LTR ...
Joshi P - - 2013
The past few years have seen significant advances in the use of modern proteomics approaches for biological discoveries. Among the fields impacted by proteomics is that of epigenetics, as mass spectrometry-based approaches have allowed the identification and characterization of transcriptional regulators, epigenetic marks, and the constantly evolving epigenetic landscape of ...
Wery Maxime - - 2013
Whole transcriptome RNA-Seq has emerged as a powerful tool in transcriptomics, enabling genome-wide quantitative analysis of gene expression and qualitative identification of novel coding or non-coding RNA species through transcriptome reassembly. Common protocols for preparation of RNA-Seq libraries include an RNA fragmentation step for which several RNA sizing techniques are ...
Katayama Kazuhiro - - 2013
P-glycoprotein (P-gp)/ABCB1 expression on cancer cell surfaces is a critical determinant of anticancer drug resistance. Regulators of P-gp expression and function are key molecules controlling drug resistance. Here we report the mechanism underlying the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway-mediated degradation of P-gp. The proteasome inhibitor MG132 increased P-gp level, enhanced its ubiquitination, and ...
Park June Hyun - - 2013
Caenorhabditiselegans microRNAs (miRNAs) bind to partially complementary sequences in the 3' untranslated region of target mRNAs, resulting in translational repression through mRNA destabilization. High-throughput sequencing of RNA cleavage fragments was performed to directly detect miRNA-directed cleavage targets in adult stage C. elegans. From this analysis, we found that miR-249 directed ...
- - 2013
AMPK loss induces aerobic glycolysis and promotes MYC-induced lymphomagenesis.
Wang Chang Rong - - 2013
Pholiota adiposa is a kind of edible mushroom which has long been known for its health care applications. To reveal the exact mechanism of its protective functions in humans, in this study we isolated and identified the active compound PB3 of P. adiposa for the first time by a combination ...
Hatziri A - - 2013
Nasal polyps are benign lesions originating from the nasal mucosa or paranasal sinuses. The most important etiological factor seems to be increased hydration of epithelium and hyperplasia of the extracellular matrix, which may involve hyaluronan, a high molecular mass extracellular glycosaminoglycan. Degradation of hyaluronan proceeds through the action of specific ...
Shionome Takashi - - 2013
The spontaneous IL-8 secretion observed in OSCC is partially dependent on the disregulated activity of transcription factor NF-κB. Nickel compounds are well established human carcinogens, however, little is known about the influence of nickel on the spontaneous secretion of IL-8 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. The aim of ...
Dong Changhong - - 2013
Over the last few decades intensive studies have been carried out on the molecular targets mediating general anesthesia as well as the effects of general anesthetics. The γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAAR) has been indicated as the primary target of general anaesthetics such as propofol, etomidate and isoflurane, and ...
Ma Jing - - 2012
The transcription factor recombination signal binding protein-Jκ (RBP-J) is the critical transcription factor downstream to all four mammalian Notch receptors. Although it has been reported that Notch signaling pathway is involved in bone remodeling, the importance of RBP-J in osteoclastogenesis has not been fully explored. To investigate the role of ...
Wilusz Carol J CJ Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. - - 2012
In this issue, Yoon et al. (2012) reveal that HuR influences decay of a long noncoding RNA (lincRNA-p21) that in turn hybridizes to mRNA targets and represses their translation-an indirect, but elegant explanation for the impact of HuR on translation efficiency.
Onishi Yoshiaki - - 2012
The Bmal1 gene is essential for the circadian system, and its promoter has a unique open chromatin structure. We examined the mechanism of topoisomerase I (Top1) to understand the role of the unique chromatin structure in Bmal1 gene regulation. Camptothecin, a Top1 inhibitor, and Top1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) enhanced ...
Liu Ran - - 2012
Epidemiological studies have indicated that the incidence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is associated with environmental exposure to mutagens and carcinogens. To determine whether the basal expression level of genes involved in metabolism of carcinogens is associated with the risk of ESCC, a case-control study of 100 patients with ...
Eisenhut Marion - - 2012
The functional relevance of natural cis-antisense transcripts is mostly unknown. Here we have characterized the association of three antisense RNAs and one intergenically encoded noncoding RNA with an operon that plays a crucial role in photoprotection of photosystem II under low carbon conditions in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. ...
Brook Matthew M MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, - - 2012
The function of cytoplasmic PABPs [poly(A)-binding proteins] in promoting mRNA translation has been intensively studied. However, PABPs also have less clearly defined functions in mRNA turnover including roles in default deadenylation, a major rate-limiting step in mRNA decay, as well as roles in the regulation of mRNA turnover by cis-acting ...
Jahangiri Leila L Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, Cambridge University, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3DY, UK. - - 2012
Somites form by an iterative process from unsegmented, presomitic mesoderm (PSM). Notch pathway components, such as deltaC (dlc) have been shown to play a role in this process, while the T-box transcription factors Ntla and Tbx16 regulate somite formation upstream of this by controlling supply and movement of cells into ...
Rueckert E H - - 2012
Several genome-wide association studies for bipolar disorder (BD) have found a strong association of the Ankyrin 3 (ANK3) gene. This association spans numerous linked single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in an ∼250-kb genomic region overlapping ANK3. The associated region encompasses predicted regulatory elements as well as two of the six validated alternative ...
Baba Yosuke - - 2012
Background: The human IL1RL1/ST2 gene encodes IL33 receptor. Recently, IL33 has been recognized as a key molecule for the development of Th2 response. Although mast cells and basophils are major targets of IL33 and play important roles in IL33-mediated Th2-type immune responses, the expression mechanism of ST2 in mast cells ...
Formaz-Preston Ann - - 2012
The regulation of the segment polarity gene wingless is essential for the correct patterning of the Drosophila ectoderm. We have previously shown that the asymmetric activation of wingless downstream of Hedghog-signaling depends on the T-box transcription factors, midline and H15. Hedgehog activates wingless anterior to the Hedgehog domain. midline/H15 are ...
Larsson Anna H - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Podocalyxin-like 1 (PODXL) is a cell-adhesion glycoprotein and stem cell marker that has been associated with an aggressive tumour phenotype and adverse outcome in several cancer types. We recently demonstrated that overexpression of PODXL is an independent factor of poor prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of ...
Hensel Zach - - 2012
Gene expression is inherently stochastic; precise gene regulation by transcription factors is important for cell-fate determination. Many transcription factors regulate their own expression, suggesting that autoregulation counters intrinsic stochasticity in gene expression. Using a new strategy, cotranslational activation by cleavage (CoTrAC), we probed the stochastic expression dynamics of cI, which ...
Cooley Arielle M - - 2012
Pigmentation is a model trait for evolutionary and developmental analysis that is particularly amenable to molecular investigation in the genus Drosophila. To better understand how this phenotype evolves, we examined divergent pigmentation and gene expression over developmental time in the dark-bodied D. americana and its light-bodied sister species D. novamexicana. ...
Pinheiro Hugo - - 2012
Disruption of E-cadherin (CDH1 gene) expression, subcellular localization or function arises during initiation and progression of almost 90% of all epithelial carcinomas. Nevertheless, the mechanisms through which this occurs are largely unknown. Previous studies showed the importance of CDH1 intron 2 sequences for proper gene and protein expression, supporting these ...
Honda Shin-Ichiro - - 2012
Neurosteroidal oestrogen has been proposed to play important roles in a variety of reproductive behaviours. Aromatase, a key enzyme in oestrogen synthesis, is localised in neural nuclei of specific brain regions and is developmentally regulated with a transient expression peak at the perinatal period. The brain-specific promoter of the aromatase ...
Li Tao - - 2012
AimsActivation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR-1) promotes invasiveness in some cancer cells. However, VEGFR-1 expression and its relationship with clinical features and prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. Therefore, this study investigated the expression pattern of VEGFR-1 in HCC cell lines and tissue specimens in order ...
Jang Se Min - - 2012
AimsCell adhesion molecule 4 (CADM4) is a novel tumour suppressor. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between its expression and the expression of E-cadherin and Ki-67 in colorectal adenocarcinomas, as well as its effect on patient survival.MethodsWe evaluated CADM4 expression in tissue microarrays of 513 colorectal ...
Vedeler Anni - - 2012
Increasing evidence points to the participation of the multifunctional protein Annexin A2 (AnxA2) in mRNA localisation as well as the translation of certain mRNAs on cytoskeleton-bound polysomes, and thereby in the regulation of the biosynthesis of specific proteins, such as c-Myc and AnxA2 itself, which are linked to cellular transformation. ...
Ahn Sejin - - 2012
The Schizosaccharomyces pombe inv1(+) gene encodes invertase, the enzyme required for hydrolysis of sucrose and raffinose. Transcription of inv1(+) is regulated by glucose levels, with transcription tightly repressed in high glucose and strongly induced in low glucose. To understand this regulation, we have analyzed the inv1(+) cis-regulatory region and the ...
Baltz Alexander G - - 2012
Protein-RNA interactions are fundamental to core biological processes, such as mRNA splicing, localization, degradation, and translation. We developed a photoreactive nucleotide-enhanced UV crosslinking and oligo(dT) purification approach to identify the mRNA-bound proteome using quantitative proteomics and to display the protein occupancy on mRNA transcripts by next-generation sequencing. Application to a ...
Konno Hayato - - 2012
Xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH), also known as xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR), has long been recognized as the key enzyme in the catabolism of purines, oxidizing hypoxanthine into xanthine and then xanthine into uric acid. In addition, levels of XDH expression are reportedly related to the prognosis of patients with malignant tumors, though ...
Razis Evangelia - - 2012
The CXCL13-CXCR5 is a chemokine axis that is activated in some breast cancers. A total of 321 tissue blocks from a group of patients who received adjuvant, dose-dense chemotherapy for high-risk early breast cancer were examined. Activation of this axis was found to be associated with determinants of poor prognosis ...
Nakagawa Tadahiko - - 2012
Aromatase, encoded by the cyp19a1 gene, is the key enzyme for estrogen biosynthesis. Exon I.f of aromatase transcripts in the Xenopus brain is driven in a brain-specific manner. In this study, we cloned brain aromatase with a 5'-end of various lengths by 5'-RACE and detected the expression pattern of the ...
Gamazon Eric R - - 2012
We sought to comprehensively and systematically characterize the relationship between genetic variation, miRNA expression, and mRNA expression. Genome-wide expression profiling of samples of European and African ancestry identified in each population hundreds of miRNAs whose increased expression is correlated with correspondingly reduced expression of target mRNAs. We scanned 3' UTR ...
Sepper Ruth - - 2012
This study investigated the expression of MUC5B by AMs in the lungs of cigarette smokers and nonsmokers. We analyzed MUC5B expression by measuring the levels of apomucin and mRNA in human BALF cells from 50 subjects (20 nonsmokers, 17 patients with CB, and 13 patients with COPD). apoMUC5B was observed ...
Park Young Mi - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Adiponectin is a hormone that modulates many metabolic processes and is exclusively expressed in adipose tissue. However, complete understanding of the factors that regulate adiponectin expression is lacking. The following were investigated: (1) functional analysis of the human adiponectin promoter, (2) putative adiponectin repressor sequence activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes ...
Ye Yan-Wei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) was seldom investigated in gastric cancer (GC). The purpose of the study was to elucidate the expression of FGFR4 protein in GC and related clinical significance. METHODS: Ninety-four paraffin-embedded tumor specimens were obtained from Cancer Hospital, Fudan University. The expression of FGFR4 as ...
Bayer-Santos Ethel - - 2012
Gene expression in Trypanosoma cruzi is regulated at the post-transcriptional level and cis-acting elements present in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) play an important role by interacting with regulatory proteins. Previous studies demonstrated that the GP82 surface glycoprotein, which is involved in host cell invasion, is up-regulated in the infective ...
Golfinopoulos V - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hypothesising that cancer of unknown primary (CUP) may harbour unique characteristics, we present a translational study of the immunohistochemical expression and clinical correlation of key PTEN/AKT pathway molecules. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected 100 paraffin-embedded CUP tissue blocks. We studied using tissue microarrays the expression of PTEN, phospho-AKT, Cyclin ...
Lee Hyun Jung - - 2012
PURPOSE: Although recent studies have suggested that Chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12 (CXCL12) is important in the progression of various malignancies, its role in gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) remains unknown. We investigated CXCL12 expression in GBC, and its biological and prognostic role in GBC tumorigenesis.EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We examined CXCL12 expression in ...
Sudou Norihiro - - 2012
How multiple developmental cues are integrated on cis-regulatory modules (CRMs) for cell fate decisions remains uncertain. The Spemann-Mangold organizer in Xenopus embryos expresses the transcription factors Lim1/Lhx1, Otx2, Mix1, Siamois (Sia) and VegT. Reporter analyses using sperm nuclear transplantation and DNA injection showed that cerberus (cer) and goosecoid (gsc) are ...
Baumunk Daniel - - 2012
PURPOSE: Metabolic adaptations, such as increases in glucose and energy metabolism, play a pivotal role in the biology of RCC. PDK-1 and DJ-1/PARK7 are thought to control metabolic pathways in cancer. We investigated the expression of PDK-1 and DJ-1/PARK7 in RCC and their prognostic relevance. METHODS: RCC tumor tissue and ...
Bonventre Josephine A - - 2012
Gasoline additives ethyl tert butyl ether (ETBE) and tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME) are used world wide, but the consequence of developmental exposure to these hydrophilic chemicals is unknown for aquatic vertebrates. The effect of ETBE and TAME on zebrafish embryos was determined following OECD 212 guidelines, and their toxicity ...
Lee Bumwhee B Department of Genetic Engineering, College of Life Sciences and Graduate School of Biotechnology, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-si 446-701, Republic of - - 2012
Six6, a sine oculis homeobox protein, plays a crucial and conserved role in the development of the forebrain and eye. To understand how the expression of Six6 is regulated during embryogenesis, we screened ~250 kb of genomic DNA encompassing the Six6 locus for cis-regulatory elements capable of directing reporter gene ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >