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Results 301 - 350 of 1666
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Nakanishi Jotaro - - 2010
Members of the trypsin-like and chymotrypsin-like kallikrein family are important in the desquamation process. In this study, we isolated cDNA clones encoding trypsinogen 4 (brain trypsinogen) and a previously unreported isoform of trypsinogen from a human keratinocyte cDNA library. The nucleotide sequence of the new isoform only differs from those ...
Earl Lesley A - - 2010
Galectin-1, a beta-galactoside-binding protein highly expressed in the thymus, induces apoptosis of specific thymocyte subsets and activated T cells. Galectin-1 binds to N- and O-glycans on several glycoprotein receptors, including CD7, CD43, and CD45. Here we show that galectin-1 signaling through CD45, which carries both N- and O-glycans, is regulated ...
Duelli Annette - - 2009
Serglycin (SG) proteoglycan consists of a small core protein to which glycosaminoglycans of chondroitin sulfate or heparin type are attached. SG is crucial for maintaining mast cell (MC) granule homeostasis through promoting the storage of various basic granule constituents, where the degree of chondroitin sulfate/heparin sulfation is essential for optimal ...
Farhi Jacob - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and its receptors, GDNF alpha 1 (GFR-alpha1) and tyrosine kinase receptor for rearranged during transfection (RET), in human ovaries at the protein and mRNA levels. DESIGN: Samples were prepared for immunohistochemical staining for GDNF, GFR-alpha1, and RET and ...
Peir? R - - 2010
The association of the 2464G > A SNP found in the promoter region of the rabbit progesterone receptor gene with progesterone receptor (PR) expression was evaluated by Western blot analysis. This SNP was associated with 2 lines divergently selected for uterine capacity, the high line selected to increase uterine capacity ...
Nishimoto Yoshinori - - 2010
TAR DNA-binding protein-43 (TDP-43) has been recently identified as a major component of the ubiquitinated inclusions found in frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive inclusions and in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, diseases that are collectively termed TDP-43 proteinopathies. Several amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-linked mutations of the TDP-43 gene have also been identified; however, ...
Clelland Eric S - - 2010
In fishes, variation in paracellular permeability is important for regulating salt and water balance. Paracellular permeability is maintained by TJs in vertebrate epithelia. This study examined the spatial distribution and effects of salinity on claudin-3 isoform mRNA expression and abundance along the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of the euryhaline puffer fish ...
Dorszewska Jolanta - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine the level of 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo2dG) and expression of three isoforms of 8-oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1), OGG1-1a, 1b, and 1c, and OGG1 protein and Ser326Cys and Arg46Gln polymorphisms of the OGG1 gene, in peripheral blood lymphocytes of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and ...
Malloy Peter J - - 2009
The vitamin D receptor (VDR) and its corepressor Hairless (HR) are thought to regulate key steps in the hair cycle because mutations in VDR or HR cause alopecia in humans and mice. Many mammalian cells express two major HR isoforms due to alternative splicing of exon 17. HR isoform-a encodes ...
Nair T Murlidharan - - 2009
Alternative splicing of human pre-mRNA is a very common phenomenon and is a major contributor to proteome diversity. mRNA isoforms that arise as a result of alternative splicing also provide a more complete picture of the transcriptome as they reflect the additional processing a pre-mRNA undergoes before being translated into ...
Paynel Florence - - 2009
In hypocotyls of flax (Linum usitatissimum) cadmium-induced reorientation of growth (i.e. an increase in expansion and a decrease in elongation) coincides with marked changes in the methylesterification and cross-linking of homogalacturonans within various cell-wall (CW) domains. The aim of the present study was to examine the involvement of pectin methylesterase ...
Liu B B Department of Physiology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Carbondale, IL 62901-6523, - - 2009
Progesterone action is mediated by its binding to specific receptors. Two progesterone receptor (PR) isoforms (PRA and PRB), three membrane progesterone receptor (mPR) subtypes (mPRalpha, mPRbeta and mPRgamma) and at least one progesterone membrane-binding protein [PR membrane component 1 (PRmc1)] have been identified in reproductive tissues and brain of various ...
Hinton Andrea C - - 2010
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) may regulate uterine activation and cervical ripening for labor through specific contractile and relaxatory receptors (EP1-4). The aim of this study was to determine the expression of PGE2 receptor isoforms in pregnant rat cervix during RU486-induced labor and progesterone supplementation to delay labor. Localization and expression of ...
Tondeleir Davina - - 2009
The dynamic actin cytoskeleton, consisting of six actin isoforms in mammals and a variety of actin binding proteins is essential for all developmental processes and for the viability of the adult organism. Actin isoform specific functions have been proposed for muscle contraction, cell migration, endo- and exocytosis and maintaining cell ...
Pires Susana S - - 2009
Melanopsin is the photopigment that confers photosensitivity to a subset of retinal ganglion cells (pRGCs) that regulate many non-image-forming tasks such as the detection of light for circadian entrainment. Recent studies have begun to subdivide the pRGCs on the basis of morphology and function, but the origin of these differences ...
Nazir Asiya - - 2010
This study reports differential expression of endoglucanase (EG) and beta-glucosidase (betaG) isoforms of Aspergillus terreus. Expression of multiple isoforms was observed, in presence of different carbon sources and culture conditions, by activity staining of poly acrylamide gel electrophoresis gels. Maximal expression of four EG isoforms was observed in presence of ...
Kropyvko Sergii - - 2010
Intersectin 1 (ITSN1) is an evolutionarily conserved adaptor protein that functions in clathrin-mediated endocytosis, cell signalling and cytoskeleton rearrangements. The ITSN1 gene encodes two main isoforms: a short form (ITSN1-s), which is ubiquitously expressed and consists of two Eps15 homology (EH) domains and five Src homology 3 (SH3) domains, and ...
Amaral Paulo P - - 2009
The Sox2 gene is a key regulator of pluripotency embedded within an intron of a long noncoding RNA (ncRNA), termed Sox2 overlapping transcript (Sox2ot), which is transcribed in the same orientation. However, this ncRNA remains uncharacterized. Here we show that Sox2ot has multiple transcription start sites associated with genomic features ...
Casano Caterina - - 2010
Emerging evidence seems to indicate that the heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is able to regulate gene expression, drastically affecting the pattern of transcriptional activity in normal and pathological eukaryotic cells, also affecting intracellular signalization events. Human p38 is a family of mitogen-activated protein kinases consisting of four isoforms (alpha, beta, ...
Miao Yuan - - 2010
Different p120ctn isoforms exert different, even opposing, effects on tumor cell growth depending on the level of E-cadherin expression, but the impact on clinicopathological parameters of lung cancer patients is not clear. Herein, we investigate the correlation between pan-p120ctn, p120ctn isoform 1, and E-cadherin expression and clinicopathological parameters, especially prognosis, ...
Arseneau Jean-Ren? - - 2009
The transcription factor Pax5 plays a critical role in B cell development. It has been shown that alternative splicing of its gene (PAX5) produces several distinct transcripts that modify the amino acid sequence of the putative Pax5 proteins. Subsequent studies have attempted to correlate the expression of PAX5 isoforms with ...
Courts Cornelius - - 2009
Forkhead box P1 (FOXP1) protein is a transcription factor involved in cell signaling and regulation of gene expression. The overexpression of FOXP1 in a subgroup of systemic diffuse large B-cell lymphomas has been associated with an exceptionally poor clinical outcome. Data on FOXP1 expression in primary central nervous system lymphomas ...
Chen Jing - - 2009
Adenosine Deaminases Acting on RNA (ADARs) function to co-transcriptionally deaminate specific (or non-specific) adenosines to inosines within pre-mRNAs, using double-stranded RNAs as substrate. In both Drosophila and mammals, the best-studied ADAR functions are to catalyze specific nucleotide conversions within mRNAs encoding various ligand- or voltage-gated ion channel proteins within the ...
Hong Qin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a pervasive neurobehavioral disorder affecting approximately 5% of children and adolescents and 3% of adults, and the prefrontal cortex (PFC) may play the most critical role in the expression of ADHD. Converging previous studies indicate a potential role of Homer--a scaffolding protein family localized at ...
Mangiulli Marina - - 2009
p63 belongs to a family of transcription factors, which, while demonstrating striking conservation of functional domains, regulate distinct biological functions. Its principal role is in the regulation of epithelial commitment, differentiation and maintenance programs, during embryogenesis and in adult tissues. The p63 gene has a complex transcriptional pattern, producing two ...
Xu Yang - - 2009
The tafazzin gene encodes a phospholipid-lysophospholipid transacylase involved in cardiolipin metabolism, but it is not known why it forms multiple transcripts as a result of alternative splicing. Here we studied the intracellular localization, enzymatic activity, and metabolic function of four isoforms of human tafazzin and three isoforms of Drosophila tafazzin ...
Mayr Christine C Howard Hughes Medical Institute, USA. - - 2009
In cancer cells, genetic alterations can activate proto-oncogenes, thereby contributing to tumorigenesis. However, the protein products of oncogenes are sometimes overexpressed without alteration of the proto-oncogene. Helping to explain this phenomenon, we found that when compared to similarly proliferating nontransformed cell lines, cancer cell lines often expressed substantial amounts of ...
Poleti Mirele Daiana - - 2010
Voltage-dependent anion channels (VDAC) are pore-forming proteins found in the outer mitochondrial membrane of eukaryotes. VDACs are known to play an essential role in cellular metabolism and in early stages of apoptosis. In mammals, three VDAC isoforms have been identified. A proteomic approach was exploited to study the expression of ...
Sekine Kuwon - - 2010
Proteomic analysis of inner ear proteins revealed unique properties of cochlin, encoded by the COCH gene. We detected 3 cochlin isoforms, p63s, p44s and p40s, in the inner ear tissue and a short 16-kDa isoform, cochlin-tomoprotein (CTP), in the perilymph. The role of the cochlin isoforms has not been elucidated. ...
Zhang Zhenyu Z Section of Molecular Cell and Developmental Biology and Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, - - 2009
Spatially regulated transcription of the pipe gene in ventral cells of the Drosophila ovary follicle cell epithelium is a key event that specifies progeny embryo dorsal-ventral (DV) polarity. pipe encodes ten putative protein isoforms, all of which exhibit similarity to vertebrate glycosaminoglycan-modifying enzymes. Expression of one of the isoforms, Pipe-ST2, ...
Mitra Pallabi - - 2009
Several cytosolic sulfotransferase enzyme isoforms are functional in placenta but there is limited information available on the utility of cultured trophoblast cells for studying sulfation. The trophoblast cell layer constitutes the rate-determining barrier for trans-placental transfer. The objective of this work was to examine the mRNA expression and enzyme activities ...
Acampora Dario - - 2009
Genetic and embryological experiments demonstrated that the visceral endoderm (VE) is essential for positioning the primitive streak at one pole of the embryo and head morphogenesis through antagonism of the Wnt and Nodal signaling pathways. The transcription factor Otx2 is required for VE anteriorization and specification of rostral neuroectoderm at ...
Wood-Kaczmar Alison A The MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, New Hunts House, Guy's Campus, King's College London, London SE1 1UL, - - 2009
The serine/threonine kinase glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is expressed in two, alternatively spliced, isoforms: a short form (GSK-3beta1) and a long form containing a 13 amino acid insert in the catalytic domain (GSK-3beta2). We examined the expression of these isoforms in the rat using specific antibodies and found that GSK-3beta2, ...
Gelissen Ingrid C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expression of two ABCG1 isoforms that differ in the presence or absence of a 12 amino acid (AA) peptide between the ABC cassette and the transmembrane region, termed ABCG1(+12) and ABCG1(-12), respectively, in human vascular cells and tissues. METHODS AND RESULTS: mRNA for both isoforms was ...
Grayfer Leon - - 2009
Interferon gamma (IFNgamma) is a highly pleotropic pro-inflammatory and anti-viral cytokine that mediates its effects by binding to a receptor complex composed of interferon gamma receptors 1 and 2 (IFNGR1 and IFNGR2). Using gene synteny analysis, we identified a distinct isoform of the zebrafish IFNGR1. The two zebrafish IFNGR1 called ...
Sahota Amrit Paul - - 2009
The importance of SULF1 in modulating the activities of multiple signalling molecules is now well established. Several studies, however, reported little or no effect of Sulf1 null mutations, questioning the relevance of this gene to in vivo development. The failure of SULF1 deletion to influence development may be predicted if ...
Santoro Bina B Department of Neuroscience, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, - - 2009
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-regulated (HCN) channels, which generate the I(h) current, mediate a number of important brain functions. The HCN1 isoform regulates dendritic integration in cortical pyramidal neurons and provides an inhibitory constraint on both working memory in prefrontal cortex and spatial learning and memory in the hippocampus. Altered expression of ...
Bullmann Torsten - - 2009
Neuronal morphology and axonal growth during development are correlated to specific expression of various microtubule-associated protein tau isoforms. Using RT-PCR and Western blotting we found the unexpected result that the shift from fetal towards adult isoforms does not differ between rat cerebral cortex and cerebellum, two temporally differently developing areas. ...
Sironi Cristina - - 2009
The processes of neurite extension and remodeling require a close coordination between the cytoskeleton and the cell membranes. The small GTPase ARF6 (ADP-ribosylation factor 6) has a central role in regulating membrane traffic and actin dynamics, and its activity has been demonstrated to be involved in neurite elaboration. EFA6A has ...
Shiozaki Kazuhiro - - 2009
Sialidase Neu4 is reported to be dominantly expressed in the mouse brain, but its functional significance is not fully understood. We previously demonstrated that sialidase Neu3, also rich in mouse brain, is up-regulated during neuronal differentiation with involvement in acceleration of neurite formation. To elucidate physiological functions of Neu4, as ...
Arapovic Jurica - - 2009
The NKG2D receptor is one of the most potent activating natural killer cell receptors involved in antiviral responses. The mouse NKG2D ligands MULT-1, RAE-1, and H60 are regulated by murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) proteins m145, m152, and m155, respectively. In addition, the m138 protein interferes with the expression of both MULT-1 ...
Ma Kit Wan - - 2009
Sumoylation is one of the post-translational modifications that governs many cellular activities, including subcellular localization targeting, protein-protein interaction, and transcriptional activity regulation. SUMO E3 ligases are responsible for substrate specificity determination in which PIAS is the largest E3 family that consists of five members in human; they are PIAS1, PIAS3, ...
Shimizu Nao - - 2009
Pax6 genes are highly conserved and important for eye development. Vertebrates predominantly produce two alternatively spliced Pax6 isoforms, Pax6 and Pax6-5a. Pax6-5a differs from Pax6 by the presence of 14 additional amino acids encoded by exon 5a. These additional amino acids occur in the Pax6 paired domain and thus influence ...
Franco Diego - - 2009
The CXCL12gamma chemokine arises by alternative splicing from Cxcl12, an highly conserved gene that plays pivotal, non-redundant roles during development. The interaction of the highly cationic carboxy-terminal (C-ter) domain of CXCL12gamma with glycosaminoglycans (GAG) critically determines the biological properties of this chemokine. Indeed, CXCL12gamma isoform displays sustained in vivo recruitment ...
Banyard Jacqueline J Vascular Biology Program, Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2009
We recently identified an additional isoform of human thymosin beta 15 (also known as NB-thymosin beta, gene name TMSB15A) transcribed from an independent gene, and designated TMSB15B. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether these isoforms were differentially expressed and functional. Our data show that the TMSB15A and ...
Sharma Shiwani - - 2009
Mutations in the NHS (Nance-Horan Syndrome) gene lead to severe congenital cataracts, dental defects and sometimes mental retardation. NHS encodes two protein isoforms, NHS-A and -1A that display cell-type dependent differential expression and localization. Here we demonstrate that of these two isoforms, the NHS-A isoform associates with the cell membrane ...
Nazwar Tommy A - - 2009
The Wingless family of secreted proteins impinges on multiple aspects of vertebrate nervous system development, from early global patterning and cell fate decision to synaptogenesis. Here, we mapped the developmental expression of the Tcf7l2, which is key to the canonical Wingless signaling cascade, in the developing cerebellum. The exclusive and ...
Takeo Keiko - - 2009
The tra2beta gene encoding an alternative splicing regulator, transformer 2-beta (Tra2beta), generates five alternative splice variant transcripts (tra2beta1-5). Functionally active, full-length Tra2beta is encoded by tra2beta1 isoform. Expression and physiological significance of the other isoforms, particularly tra2beta4, are not fully understood. Rat gastric mucosa constitutively expressed tra2beta1 isoform and specifically ...
Izukawa Takeshi - - 2009
UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) catalyze glucuronidation of a variety of xenobiotics and endobiotics. UGTs are divided into two families, UGT1 and UGT2. The purpose of this study was to estimate the absolute expression levels of each UGT isoform in human liver and to evaluate the interindividual variability. Real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction ...
Gefter Julia V - - 2009
The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is thought to be expressed ubiquitously as various protein isoforms. Our objective was to use Northern blotting, immunoblotting, and sensitivity to N-glycanase digestion to survey RAGE isoforms expressed in cell lines and mouse tissues in order to obtain a more comprehensive view of ...
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