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Results 301 - 350 of 1651
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Nazir Asiya - - 2010
This study reports differential expression of endoglucanase (EG) and beta-glucosidase (betaG) isoforms of Aspergillus terreus. Expression of multiple isoforms was observed, in presence of different carbon sources and culture conditions, by activity staining of poly acrylamide gel electrophoresis gels. Maximal expression of four EG isoforms was observed in presence of ...
Kropyvko Sergii - - 2010
Intersectin 1 (ITSN1) is an evolutionarily conserved adaptor protein that functions in clathrin-mediated endocytosis, cell signalling and cytoskeleton rearrangements. The ITSN1 gene encodes two main isoforms: a short form (ITSN1-s), which is ubiquitously expressed and consists of two Eps15 homology (EH) domains and five Src homology 3 (SH3) domains, and ...
Amaral Paulo P - - 2009
The Sox2 gene is a key regulator of pluripotency embedded within an intron of a long noncoding RNA (ncRNA), termed Sox2 overlapping transcript (Sox2ot), which is transcribed in the same orientation. However, this ncRNA remains uncharacterized. Here we show that Sox2ot has multiple transcription start sites associated with genomic features ...
Casano Caterina - - 2010
Emerging evidence seems to indicate that the heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is able to regulate gene expression, drastically affecting the pattern of transcriptional activity in normal and pathological eukaryotic cells, also affecting intracellular signalization events. Human p38 is a family of mitogen-activated protein kinases consisting of four isoforms (alpha, beta, ...
Miao Yuan - - 2010
Different p120ctn isoforms exert different, even opposing, effects on tumor cell growth depending on the level of E-cadherin expression, but the impact on clinicopathological parameters of lung cancer patients is not clear. Herein, we investigate the correlation between pan-p120ctn, p120ctn isoform 1, and E-cadherin expression and clinicopathological parameters, especially prognosis, ...
Arseneau Jean-Ren? - - 2009
The transcription factor Pax5 plays a critical role in B cell development. It has been shown that alternative splicing of its gene (PAX5) produces several distinct transcripts that modify the amino acid sequence of the putative Pax5 proteins. Subsequent studies have attempted to correlate the expression of PAX5 isoforms with ...
Courts Cornelius - - 2009
Forkhead box P1 (FOXP1) protein is a transcription factor involved in cell signaling and regulation of gene expression. The overexpression of FOXP1 in a subgroup of systemic diffuse large B-cell lymphomas has been associated with an exceptionally poor clinical outcome. Data on FOXP1 expression in primary central nervous system lymphomas ...
Chen Jing - - 2009
Adenosine Deaminases Acting on RNA (ADARs) function to co-transcriptionally deaminate specific (or non-specific) adenosines to inosines within pre-mRNAs, using double-stranded RNAs as substrate. In both Drosophila and mammals, the best-studied ADAR functions are to catalyze specific nucleotide conversions within mRNAs encoding various ligand- or voltage-gated ion channel proteins within the ...
Hong Qin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a pervasive neurobehavioral disorder affecting approximately 5% of children and adolescents and 3% of adults, and the prefrontal cortex (PFC) may play the most critical role in the expression of ADHD. Converging previous studies indicate a potential role of Homer--a scaffolding protein family localized at ...
Mangiulli Marina - - 2009
p63 belongs to a family of transcription factors, which, while demonstrating striking conservation of functional domains, regulate distinct biological functions. Its principal role is in the regulation of epithelial commitment, differentiation and maintenance programs, during embryogenesis and in adult tissues. The p63 gene has a complex transcriptional pattern, producing two ...
Mayr Christine - - 2009
In cancer cells, genetic alterations can activate proto-oncogenes, thereby contributing to tumorigenesis. However, the protein products of oncogenes are sometimes overexpressed without alteration of the proto-oncogene. Helping to explain this phenomenon, we found that when compared to similarly proliferating nontransformed cell lines, cancer cell lines often expressed substantial amounts of ...
Xu Yang - - 2009
The tafazzin gene encodes a phospholipid-lysophospholipid transacylase involved in cardiolipin metabolism, but it is not known why it forms multiple transcripts as a result of alternative splicing. Here we studied the intracellular localization, enzymatic activity, and metabolic function of four isoforms of human tafazzin and three isoforms of Drosophila tafazzin ...
Poleti Mirele Daiana - - 2010
Voltage-dependent anion channels (VDAC) are pore-forming proteins found in the outer mitochondrial membrane of eukaryotes. VDACs are known to play an essential role in cellular metabolism and in early stages of apoptosis. In mammals, three VDAC isoforms have been identified. A proteomic approach was exploited to study the expression of ...
Sekine Kuwon - - 2010
Proteomic analysis of inner ear proteins revealed unique properties of cochlin, encoded by the COCH gene. We detected 3 cochlin isoforms, p63s, p44s and p40s, in the inner ear tissue and a short 16-kDa isoform, cochlin-tomoprotein (CTP), in the perilymph. The role of the cochlin isoforms has not been elucidated. ...
Zhang Zhenyu - - 2009
Spatially regulated transcription of the pipe gene in ventral cells of the Drosophila ovary follicle cell epithelium is a key event that specifies progeny embryo dorsal-ventral (DV) polarity. pipe encodes ten putative protein isoforms, all of which exhibit similarity to vertebrate glycosaminoglycan-modifying enzymes. Expression of one of the isoforms, Pipe-ST2, ...
Mitra Pallabi - - 2009
Several cytosolic sulfotransferase enzyme isoforms are functional in placenta but there is limited information available on the utility of cultured trophoblast cells for studying sulfation. The trophoblast cell layer constitutes the rate-determining barrier for trans-placental transfer. The objective of this work was to examine the mRNA expression and enzyme activities ...
Acampora Dario - - 2009
Genetic and embryological experiments demonstrated that the visceral endoderm (VE) is essential for positioning the primitive streak at one pole of the embryo and head morphogenesis through antagonism of the Wnt and Nodal signaling pathways. The transcription factor Otx2 is required for VE anteriorization and specification of rostral neuroectoderm at ...
Wood-Kaczmar Alison A The MRC Centre for Developmental Neurobiology, New Hunts House, Guy's Campus, King's College London, London SE1 1UL, - - 2009
The serine/threonine kinase glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is expressed in two, alternatively spliced, isoforms: a short form (GSK-3beta1) and a long form containing a 13 amino acid insert in the catalytic domain (GSK-3beta2). We examined the expression of these isoforms in the rat using specific antibodies and found that GSK-3beta2, ...
Gelissen Ingrid C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expression of two ABCG1 isoforms that differ in the presence or absence of a 12 amino acid (AA) peptide between the ABC cassette and the transmembrane region, termed ABCG1(+12) and ABCG1(-12), respectively, in human vascular cells and tissues. METHODS AND RESULTS: mRNA for both isoforms was ...
Grayfer Leon - - 2009
Interferon gamma (IFNgamma) is a highly pleotropic pro-inflammatory and anti-viral cytokine that mediates its effects by binding to a receptor complex composed of interferon gamma receptors 1 and 2 (IFNGR1 and IFNGR2). Using gene synteny analysis, we identified a distinct isoform of the zebrafish IFNGR1. The two zebrafish IFNGR1 called ...
Sahota Amrit Paul - - 2009
The importance of SULF1 in modulating the activities of multiple signalling molecules is now well established. Several studies, however, reported little or no effect of Sulf1 null mutations, questioning the relevance of this gene to in vivo development. The failure of SULF1 deletion to influence development may be predicted if ...
Santoro Bina - - 2009
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-regulated (HCN) channels, which generate the I(h) current, mediate a number of important brain functions. The HCN1 isoform regulates dendritic integration in cortical pyramidal neurons and provides an inhibitory constraint on both working memory in prefrontal cortex and spatial learning and memory in the hippocampus. Altered expression of ...
Bullmann Torsten - - 2009
Neuronal morphology and axonal growth during development are correlated to specific expression of various microtubule-associated protein tau isoforms. Using RT-PCR and Western blotting we found the unexpected result that the shift from fetal towards adult isoforms does not differ between rat cerebral cortex and cerebellum, two temporally differently developing areas. ...
Sironi Cristina - - 2009
The processes of neurite extension and remodeling require a close coordination between the cytoskeleton and the cell membranes. The small GTPase ARF6 (ADP-ribosylation factor 6) has a central role in regulating membrane traffic and actin dynamics, and its activity has been demonstrated to be involved in neurite elaboration. EFA6A has ...
Shiozaki Kazuhiro - - 2009
Sialidase Neu4 is reported to be dominantly expressed in the mouse brain, but its functional significance is not fully understood. We previously demonstrated that sialidase Neu3, also rich in mouse brain, is up-regulated during neuronal differentiation with involvement in acceleration of neurite formation. To elucidate physiological functions of Neu4, as ...
Arapovic Jurica - - 2009
The NKG2D receptor is one of the most potent activating natural killer cell receptors involved in antiviral responses. The mouse NKG2D ligands MULT-1, RAE-1, and H60 are regulated by murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) proteins m145, m152, and m155, respectively. In addition, the m138 protein interferes with the expression of both MULT-1 ...
Banyard Jacqueline - - 2009
We recently identified an additional isoform of human thymosin beta 15 (also known as NB-thymosin beta, gene name TMSB15A) transcribed from an independent gene, and designated TMSB15B. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether these isoforms were differentially expressed and functional. Our data show that the TMSB15A and ...
Ma Kit Wan - - 2009
Sumoylation is one of the post-translational modifications that governs many cellular activities, including subcellular localization targeting, protein-protein interaction, and transcriptional activity regulation. SUMO E3 ligases are responsible for substrate specificity determination in which PIAS is the largest E3 family that consists of five members in human; they are PIAS1, PIAS3, ...
Shimizu Nao - - 2009
Pax6 genes are highly conserved and important for eye development. Vertebrates predominantly produce two alternatively spliced Pax6 isoforms, Pax6 and Pax6-5a. Pax6-5a differs from Pax6 by the presence of 14 additional amino acids encoded by exon 5a. These additional amino acids occur in the Pax6 paired domain and thus influence ...
Franco Diego - - 2009
The CXCL12gamma chemokine arises by alternative splicing from Cxcl12, an highly conserved gene that plays pivotal, non-redundant roles during development. The interaction of the highly cationic carboxy-terminal (C-ter) domain of CXCL12gamma with glycosaminoglycans (GAG) critically determines the biological properties of this chemokine. Indeed, CXCL12gamma isoform displays sustained in vivo recruitment ...
Sharma Shiwani - - 2009
Mutations in the NHS (Nance-Horan Syndrome) gene lead to severe congenital cataracts, dental defects and sometimes mental retardation. NHS encodes two protein isoforms, NHS-A and -1A that display cell-type dependent differential expression and localization. Here we demonstrate that of these two isoforms, the NHS-A isoform associates with the cell membrane ...
Nazwar Tommy A - - 2009
The Wingless family of secreted proteins impinges on multiple aspects of vertebrate nervous system development, from early global patterning and cell fate decision to synaptogenesis. Here, we mapped the developmental expression of the Tcf7l2, which is key to the canonical Wingless signaling cascade, in the developing cerebellum. The exclusive and ...
Takeo Keiko - - 2009
The tra2beta gene encoding an alternative splicing regulator, transformer 2-beta (Tra2beta), generates five alternative splice variant transcripts (tra2beta1-5). Functionally active, full-length Tra2beta is encoded by tra2beta1 isoform. Expression and physiological significance of the other isoforms, particularly tra2beta4, are not fully understood. Rat gastric mucosa constitutively expressed tra2beta1 isoform and specifically ...
Izukawa Takeshi - - 2009
UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) catalyze glucuronidation of a variety of xenobiotics and endobiotics. UGTs are divided into two families, UGT1 and UGT2. The purpose of this study was to estimate the absolute expression levels of each UGT isoform in human liver and to evaluate the interindividual variability. Real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction ...
Gefter Julia V - - 2009
The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is thought to be expressed ubiquitously as various protein isoforms. Our objective was to use Northern blotting, immunoblotting, and sensitivity to N-glycanase digestion to survey RAGE isoforms expressed in cell lines and mouse tissues in order to obtain a more comprehensive view of ...
Gibbons A S - - 2009
Schizophrenia has been proposed to have a neurodevelopmental aetiology. Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 (NCAM1) is involved in several neurodevelopmental processes and abnormal expression of this gene has been associated in the pathology of schizophrenia and, thus, altered NCAM1 expression may be characteristic of the early stages of the illness. ...
Maroney S A - - 2009
Mouse tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is produced in three alternatively spliced isoforms that differ in domain structure and mechanism for cell surface binding. Tissue expression of TFPI isoforms in mice was characterized as an initial step for identification of their physiological functions. Sequence homology demonstrates that TFPIalpha existed over ...
Tamhane Vaijayanti A - - 2009
Pin-II type proteinase inhibitor (PI) genes were cloned from fruit and stem tissues of Capsicum annuum L. var Phule Jyoti using primers designed from reported CanPI gene sequence (AF039398). In total, 21 novel CanPIs, members of the Pin-II PI family, were identified in the study, with three isoforms of 1-inhibitory ...
Hao Shoujin - - 2009
The contribution of nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5) to the regulation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) production in medullary thick ascending limb (mTAL) cells is unclear. RT-PCR analysis was performed on primary cultures of mouse mTAL cells and freshly isolated mTAL tubules to determine which NFAT isoforms ...
Diggle Christine P - - 2009
Ketohexokinase (KHK, also known as fructokinase) initiates the pathway through which most dietary fructose is metabolized. Very little is known about the cellular localization of this enzyme. Alternatively spliced KHK-C and KHK-A mRNAs are known, but the existence of the KHK-A protein isoform has not been demonstrated in vivo. Using ...
Suzuki Takehito - - 2009
To monitor changes in NO production over time in the fetal placenta of rats, we used electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy with the Fe-N-(dithiocarboxy) sarcosine (Fe-DTCS) complex as an NO-trapping reagent. The expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms was examined in parallel using quantitative RT-PCR. NO production was first detected ...
Lai C Benjamin - - 2009
The mouse gene for the natural killer (NK) cell-activating receptor Nkg2d produces two protein isoforms, NKG2D-S and NKG2D-L, which differ by 13 amino acids at the N-terminus and have different signalling capabilities. These two isoforms are produced through differential splicing, but their regulation has not been investigated. In this study, ...
Takeda Yukimasa - - 2009
Estrogen-related receptor gamma (ERRgamma), one of the 48 human nuclear receptors, has a fully active conformation with no ligand. We recently demonstrated that ERRgamma binds strongly bisphenol A (BPA), one of the nastiest endocrine disruptors, and thus retaining ERRgamma's high basal constitutive activity. A report that BPA accumulates in the ...
Leung Sara W - - 2009
The human ZC3H14 gene encodes an evolutionarily conserved Cys(3)His zinc finger protein that binds specifically to polyadenosine RNA and is thus postulated to modulate post-transcriptional gene expression. Expressed sequence tag (EST) data predicts multiple splice variants of both human and mouse ZC3H14. Analysis of ZC3H14 expression in both human cell ...
Benanti Jennifer A - - 2009
Cik1, in association with the kinesin Kar3, controls both the mitotic spindle and nuclear fusion during mating. Here, we show that there are two Cik1 isoforms, and that the mitotic form includes an N-terminal domain required for ubiquitination by the Anaphase-Promoting Complex/Cyclosome (APC/C). During vegetative growth, Cik1 is expressed during ...
Ivanov Sergey V - - 2009
Osteopontin (SPP1) is an inflammatory cytokine that we previously characterized as a diagnostic marker in patients with asbestos-induced malignant mesothelioma (MM). While SPP1 shows both pro- and anti-tumorigenic biological effects, little is known about the molecular basis of these activities. In this study, we demonstrate that while healthy pleura possesses ...
Murk Kai - - 2009
Profilins are small actin-binding proteins expressed in all eukaryotes. They are involved in the regulation of actin filament dynamics and various signalling pathways. The identification of a variety of profilin isoforms led to the assumption that there may be isoform-specific functions. In mammals, profilin-1 (PFN1) is ubiquitously expressed and engaged ...
Zmijewski Michal A - - 2009
Corticotropin releasing factor receptor type 1 (CRF1), a coordinator of the body responses to stress, is also expressed in human skin, where it undergoes alternative splicing. Since the epidermis is continuously exposed to the environmental stress, human keratinocytes were chosen to study the biological role of CRF1 alternative splicing. The ...
Kazantseva Anna - - 2009
The SWItch/Sucrose NonFermentable, a nucleosome remodeling complex (SWI/SNF) chromatin-remodelling complexes act upon the nucleosomal structure and regulate transcription, replication, repair of chromatin and splicing. In this study, we present evidence that human, mouse and rat genes encoding one of the SWI/SNF complex subunits, BAF57, undergo neuron-specific splicing of exons II, ...
Muha Villo - - 2009
Two dUTPase isoforms (23 kDa and 21 kDa) are present in the fruitfly with the sole difference of an N-terminal extension. In Drosophila embryo, both isoforms are detected inside the nucleus. Here, we investigated the function of the N-terminal segment using eYFP-dUTPase constructs. In Schneider 2 cells, only the 23 ...
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