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Gancevičienė, Rūta
Background: Acne is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the pilosebaceous unit (PSU). The PSU is an immunocompetent organ, and the sebaceous gland (SG) exhibits an independent peripheral endocrine function and expresses receptors for neuropeptides (NP). The presence of a complete corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH)/CRH receptor (CRHR) system in human sebocytes has ...
Lin Wei-Hsiang WH Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, - - 2014
The voltage-gated sodium channel (Nav) plays a key role in regulation of neuronal excitability. Aberrant regulation of Nav expression and/or function can result in an imbalance in neuronal activity which can progress to epilepsy. Regulation of Nav activity is achieved by coordination of a multitude of mechanisms including RNA alternative ...
Zheng Xingguo X Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United - - 2014
Neurons regulate ionic fluxes across their plasma membrane to maintain their excitable properties under varying environmental conditions. However, the mechanisms that regulate ion channels abundance remain poorly understood. Here we show that pickpocket 29 (ppk29), a gene that encodes a Drosophila degenerin/epithelial sodium channel (DEG/ENaC), regulates neuronal excitability via a ...
Safe Stephen H SH Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, Texas A&M University, 4466 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-4466, USA. - - 2012
Triterpenoids such as betulinic acid (BA) and synthetic analogs of oleanolic acid [2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO)] and glycyrrhetinic acid [2-cyano-3,11-dioxo-18β-oleana-1,12-dien-30-oc acid (CDODA)] are potent anticancer agents that exhibit antiproliferative, antiangiogenic, anti-inflammatory and pro-apoptotic activities. Although their effects on multiple pathways have been reported, unifying mechanisms of action have not been reported. ...
Goldoni Dana D Centre for Vision and Vascular Science, Queen's University of Belfast, Institute of Clinical Science, Block A, Royal Victoria Hospital, Grosvenor Road, Belfast, BT12 6BA, - - 2012
Gene targeting by microRNAs is important in health and disease. We developed a functional assay for identifying microRNA targets and applied it to the K(+) channel K(ir)2.1 [KCNJ2 (potassium inwardly-rectifying channel, subfamily J, member 2)] which is dysregulated in cardiac and vascular disorders. The 3'UTR (untranslated region) was inserted downstream ...
Doguet Fabien - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential anti-inflammatory and endothelial protective properties of albumin during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in an experimental porcine model. Two groups underwent CPB for 90 min (n = 7 in each group), and a baseline (BL) control group did not undergo CPB (n = 7). Priming consisted of ...
Karolczak-Bayatti Magdalina - - 2012
In this study, we show that myometrial transcriptional complexes consisting of Sp1, Sp3, histone deacetylase (HDAC)1/2, RbAp48, and mSin3A are recruited to 4 out of the 6 Sp1-4 sites within the Gαs promoter. Moreover disruption in the binding of these complexes via mithramycin administration results in a substantial decrease in ...
Cui Rong-Rong - - 2012
AIMS: Medial artery calcification is a common macroangiopathy that initiates from a cell-regulated process similar to osteogenesis. Although the mechanisms governing this process remain unclear, epigenomic regulation by specific microRNAs might play a role in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) calcification. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether miR-204 ...
Wang Jun - - 2012
Geniposide, an iridoid glycoside isolated from Gardenia, has neuroprotective activities against oxidative stress and inflammation. The present study investigated the in vivo protective effect of geniposide on ischemia/reperfusion-injured rats by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), and the inhibitory effects of geniposide and mechanisms against activation of microglial cells by oxygen-glucose ...
Arderiu Gemma - - 2012
Tissue factor (TF) has well-recognized roles as initiator of blood coagulation as well as an intracellular signaling receptor. TF signaling regulates gene transcription and protein translation. Recently, we have shown that TF-induced mature neovessel formation is ultimately driven by CCL2 expression. However, the signaling process induced by TF to promote ...
Su Wenhui - - 2012
The blood-testis barrier (BTB) is an important ultrastructure in the testis. A delay in its assembly during postnatal development leads to meiotic arrest. Also, a disruption of the BTB by toxicants in adult rats leads to a failure in spermatogonial differentiation. However, the regulation of BTB assembly remains unknown. Herein, ...
Román Angela - - 2012
This study analysed the contribution of each omega-3 desaturase to the cold response in soybean. Exposure to cold temperatures (5 °C) did not result in great modifications of the linolenic acid content in leaf membrane lipids. However, an increase in the GmFAD3A transcripts was observed both in plant leaves and ...
Zaccagnino Patrizia - - 2012
Dendritic cells (DC) are sentinels of the immune system deriving from circulating monocyte precursors recruited to sites of inflammation. In a previous report (Del Prete et al., 2008) we showed that, after differentiation, DC exhibited increased number of condensed mitochondria and dynamic changes in their energy metabolism. A study is ...
Ye Junmei - - 2012
The Myocyte Enhancer Factor-2 (MEF2) family of transcription factors regulates gene expression during cardiomyocyte differentiation and adaptation of the myocardium to stress. MEF2 activity is enhanced by increasing its transcription and by MAPK-dependent phosphorylation, and is reduced by binding to class-II Histone Deacetylases and by miR-1-mediated degradation of its transcript. ...
Li Xuelin - - 2012
Chronic inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS) is a central feature of many neurodegenerative and autoimmune diseases. As an immunologically competent cell, the astrocyte plays an important role in CNS inflammation. It is capable of expressing a number of cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 ...
Wu Yuqing - - 2012
Background/Aims: Ketamine has been reported to exert anti-inflammatory effects on astrocytes stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro and in vivo. However, the mechanism has not been elicited clearly. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ketamine on TLR4 expression and NF-ĸB-p65 phosphorylation, as well as the ...
Chen Lianguo - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the acute developmental neurotoxicity of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in zebrafish larvae. From 2 to 120 h postfertilization Zebrafish embryos at were exposed to DE-71 (0, 31.0, 68.7, and 227.6 µg/L). We studied the locomotor behavior of larvae, involvement of the cholinergic system, ...
Eitson Jennifer L - - 2012
Mycobacterial shuttle vectors contain dual origins of replication for growth in both Escherichia coli and mycobacteria. One such vector, pSUM36, was re-engineered for high-level protein expression in diverse bacterial species. The modified vector (pSUM-kan-MCS2) enabled green fluorescent protein expression in E. coli, Mycobacterium smegmatis, and M. avium at levels up ...
Maruyama Keiko - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is the rate limiting enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of heme into biliverdin, free iron, and carbon monoxide (CO). The first human case of HO-1 deficiency showed abnormalities in blood coagulation and the fibrinolytic system. Thus, HO-1 or HO-1 products, such as CO, might regulate coagulation ...
Iwaki Soichiro - - 2012
Altered expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1), a major physiologic inhibitor of fibrinolysis, is implicated in the progression of atherosclerosis. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) regulates expression of diverse genes and alters expression of PAI-1 in several types of cells. However, the nature of posttranscriptional regulation of expression of PAI-1 by ...
Kim Jeong Kyu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Salivary mRNA biomarkers can exhibit significant variation over time. The purpose of this study was to investigate the pattern and magnitude of variation of salivary mRNA biomarkers and to explore the effect of performing replicate assays and multiple sampling on the dispersion of salivary biomarkers. METHODS: Salivary interleukin-8 (IL-8) ...
Suzuki Yuji - - 2012
Rubisco is composed of eight small subunits coded for by the nuclear RBCS multigene family and eight large subunits coded for by the rbcL gene in the plastome. For synthesis of the Rubisco holoenzyme, both genes need to be expressed coordinately. To investigate this molecular mechanism, the protein synthesis of ...
Galimberti Daniela - - 2012
Mutations in progranulin gene (GRN) are the most common cause of autosomal dominant familial frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). In addition, GRN variability influences the risk to develop the disease in non-carriers (sporadic FTLD). We evaluated progranulin gene (GRN) promoter methylation levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from 38 patients ...
Wu Lihua - - 2012
Low temperature is among the most significant abiotic stresses, restricting the habitats of sessile plants and reducing crop productivity. Cold regulated (COR) genes are low temperature-responsive genes expressing under regulation of a specific signal transduction pathway, which is designated C-repeat-binding-factor (CBF) signaling pathway. In the present article, cold bioassay showed ...
Crane Alice L AL Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, - - 2012
Chlorpyrifos (CPF), an organophosphorus (OP) pesticide, is bioactivated by cytochrome P450s (CYPs) to the active metabolite chlorpyrifos oxon (CPF-O). Given that human CYP2B6 has the highest intrinsic clearance (CL(int)) for CPF bioactivation, CYP2B6 polymorphisms may impact human susceptibility to CPF at real world environmental and occupational CPF exposure levels. CYP2B6.4,.5,.7, ...
Chen Xue - - 2012
A CYP4 cDNA was cloned and characterized to identify the relationship between persistent organic pollutants and stress response in marine polychaete Perinereis aibuhitensis. The full length of PaCYP4 cDNA is 1857bp and encodes 481 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence showed 73% identity with CYP4BB1 from polychaete Nereis virens ...
Wang Xu - - 2012
Gambogic acid (GA) is known for its anti-cancer activity in a phase II clinical trial. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms of its anti-multidrug resistance remain unclear. The present was designed to study the relationship between GA and multidrug-resistant protein ATP-binding cassette transporter B1 (ABCB1). GA dose-dependently inhibited ABCB1 activity levels ...
Dal Bosco Cristina - - 2012
The plant hormone auxin is a mobile signal which affects nuclear transcription by regulating the stability of auxin/indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) repressor proteins. Auxin is transported polarly from cell to cell by auxin efflux proteins of the PIN family, but it is not as yet clear how auxin levels are regulated ...
Shin Gyu-Tae - - 2012
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This study investigated the link between growth arrest and DNA damage 45γ (GADD45γ) expression and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) synthesis. METHODS: We stimulated THP-1 monocyte cells using lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We knocked-down and over-expressed GADD45γ using lentiviral vectors harboring GADD45γ short hairpin RNA and GADD45γ ...
Oeckl Patrick - - 2012
A key regulator of inflammatory gene expression is the transcription factor NF-κB that is controlled by the IκB proteins. We used a transgenic mouse model expressing a constitutively active IκB-kinase-2 (IKK2-CA) in astrocytes under control of the human glial fibrillary acidic protein promotor (IKK2-mice) to investigate neuroinflammation, proinflammatory cytokine expression, ...
Ekström M - - 2012
Plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) is one of the most important inhibitors of endogenous fibrinolysis. Adipose tissue is a suggested source of the elevated plasma levels of PAI-1 in obesity. The relation between PAI-1 and inflammation is of particular interest, but current knowledge regarding regulation of PAI-1 in adipose tissue ...
Navarro Anna - - 2012
Multixenobiotic resistance (MXR) of aquatic invertebrates has so far been associated with cellular efflux activity mediated by P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) and MRP (multidrug resistance protein; ABCC) type ABC (ATP binding cassette) transporters. Expression and activity of an abcb1/Abcb1 homolog has been shown in eggs and larvae of the zebra mussel Dreissena ...
Makdissi Antoine - - 2012
Sitagliptin is an inhibitor of the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV), which degrades the incretins, glucagon-like peptide-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, and thus, sitagliptin increases their bioavailability. The stimulation of insulin and the suppression of glucagon secretion that follow exert a glucose lowering effect and hence its use as an antidiabetic ...
Behnes Michael - - 2012
PURPOSE: The adipocyte-specific protein adiponectin reveals anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-atherosclerotic and vaso-protective effects. This study aims to investigate adiponectin expression in cultured human adipocytes within an inflammatory model and in patients suffering from severe sepsis and evaluates treatment effects of drotrecogin alpha (activated) (DAA). METHODS: In an in-vitro inflammatory model of ...
Cai Q - - 2012
Objective: An RU486-inducible recombinant adenovirus-Nrf2 construct (Ad-RUNrf2) was constructed and expressed in H460 cells to determine whether Nrf2 gene expression can be regulated and to observe the effect of the adenovirus Ad-RUNrf2 on inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress and apoptotic factors that mediate paraquat (PQ)-induced A549 cell injury. Methods: The Nrf2 ...
Tabata Sho - - 2012
Thymidine phosphorylase (TP) is an angiogenic factor that plays a pivotal role in tumor angiogenesis. Various kinds of solid tumors express TP and high TP activity is correlated with microvessel density. We have previously reported that TP enhances interleukin-8 (IL-8) expression in KB human epidermoid carcinoma cells. In this study, ...
Long Justin M - - 2012
Regulation of amyloid-β (Aβ) precursor protein (APP) expression is complex. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are expected to participate in the molecular network that controls this process. The composition of this network is, however, still undefined. Elucidating the complement of miRNAs that regulate APP expression should reveal novel drug targets capable of modulating ...
do Rego Thais G - - 2012
MOTIVATION: Blood cell development is thought to be controlled by a circuit of transcription factors and chromatin modifications that determine the cell fate via activating cell type specific expression programs. To shed light on the interplay between histone marks and transcription factors during blood cell development, we model gene expression ...
Peng Jing - - 2012
A number of studies have recently demonstrated the involvement of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation and the subsequent coordinated inflammatory responses in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Polydatin has been shown to have the ability of anti-adhesive inflammation. However, the possible protective and beneficial effects of polydatin on DN ...
Zhu Xiao-Ling - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of emodin, the major component of Rheum palmatum, on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression in cultured mouse tubular epithelial cells (TECs). The TECs were obtained from mice and incubated with LPS and/or indicated concentrations of emodin for 24 h. ...
Zhao Mao - - 2012
In this study, we provided molecular evidences that IL-6 contributed to the decreased capacity of oxidative biotransformation in human liver by suppressing the expression of CYP3A4. After human hepatocytes were treated with IL-6, DEC1 expression rapidly increased, and subsequently, the CYP3A4 expression decreased continuously. Furthermore, the repression of CYP3A4 by ...
Patruno Antonia - - 2012
While thymopentin has been used for many years in the experimental treatment of Sézary syndrome (SS), a rare and very aggressive lymphoma, its mechanism of action is still not known. Herein we show that this peptide acts as an inhibitor of isolated iNOS and nNOS isoforms, and reduces iNOS protein/mRNA ...
He W - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on interleukin-8 (IL-8) and related intracellular signalling pathways in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs). METHODOLOGY: Human pulp tissues were isolated from human impacted third molars, and the hDPSCs were cultured and characterized. The effects of LPS on IL-8 and Toll-like receptor ...
Zhang Yun - - 2012
Corynebacterium glutamicum is currently used for the industrial production of a variety of biological materials. Many available inducible expression systems in this species use lac-derived promoters from Escherichia coli that exhibit much lower levels of inducible expression and leaky basal expression. We developed an arabinose-inducible expression system that contains the ...
Hupalowska Anna - - 2012
APPL1 is a multifunctional adaptor protein that binds membrane receptors, signaling proteins and nuclear factors, thereby acting in endosomal trafficking and in different signaling pathways. Here, we uncover a novel role of APPL1 as a positive regulator of transcriptional activity of NF-κB under basal but not TNFα-stimulated conditions. APPL1 was ...
Chen Jin-Cherng - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the effects of Spirulina on BV-2 microglial cell cytotoxicity and inflammatory genes expression. METHODS: BV-2 microglial cells were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (1 µg/ml) and various concentrations of Spirulina platensis water extract or its active component (C-phycocyanin (C-PC)) for 24 hours. Cytotoxicity (lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) ...
Chen Chao-Chung - - 2012
In nucleus, eIF4E regulates the nucleus export of specific mRNA. In this study, altered 4E-BP3 (eIF4E-binding protein 3) expression resulted in profoundly affected cyclin D1 protein levels, partially due to changes in the cytoplasmic cyclin D1 mRNA levels in both U2OS and MCF7 cells, whereas altered 4E-BP1 expression did not ...
Itharat Arunporn - - 2012
Dioscoreanone, a 1,4-phenanthraquinone isolated from an ethanolic extract of the rhizome of Dioscorea membranacea, Pierre ex Prain & Burkill, a plant which has been used to treat inflammation and cancer in Thai Traditional Medicine. In this study, the mechanisms of dioscoreanone on LPS-induced NO production and cytokine expression through the ...
Dickie Laura J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate convergence of endoplasmic reticulum stress pathways and enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, due to intracellular retention of mutant tumour necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1), as a disease mechanism in TNFR-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS).METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with TRAPS (n=16) and healthy controls (HC) ...
Marzaioli Viviana - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate histamine receptor-mediated signaling pathways, transcriptional events and target gene expression in human cartilage. METHODS: Histamine modulation of cartilage destruction was assessed by Safranin-O staining and proteoglycan release (n=6). Histamine receptor (HR1,-2,-3,-4) dependent regulation of transcription factors (NR4A1,-2,-3), the receptor activator for NF-κB-ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) mRNA ...
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