Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1595
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Tsuey-Ching Yang - - 2012
In Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc), the chromosomally encoded class A β-lactamase (Bla(xcc)) is expressed at a high basal level in the absence of an inducer and its expression is inducible by ampicillin. Like most of the class A β-lactamases, Bla(xcc) cannot digest the β-lactam ring of cefoxitin. However, Xcc ...
Cunningham Thomas J - - 2011
During the early stages of body axis extension, retinoic acid (RA) synthesized in somites by Raldh2 represses caudal fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling to limit the tailbud progenitor zone. Excessive RA down-regulates Fgf8 and triggers premature termination of body axis extension, suggesting that endogenous RA may function in normal termination ...
Lu Chunye - - 2011
mRNA-processing bodies (P bodies) are cytoplasmic foci that contain translationally repressed mRNA. Since they are important for the retrotransposition of Ty elements and brome mosaic virus in yeast cells, we assessed the role of P bodies in the movement of endogenous intracisternal A particles (IAPs) in mammalian cells. In contrast ...
Saito Ken - - 2011
The transcription factor HIF-1α (hypoxia inducible factor 1α) has an essential role in the maintenance of oxygen homeostasis in metazoans. HIF-1α expression and activity in the hypoxic response is regulated at the translation and post-translational levels. However, the mechanism and modulator of HIF-1α translation during hypoxia is not fully understood. ...
Mittal Neha - - 2011
The present study examines the relationships between inflammation and surfactant protein (SP) expression in a rodent model of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Rats were intratracheally instilled with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 72 hours to induce ARDS and further treated with exogenous surfactant. Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) levels, cycloxygenase (COX) activity and ...
Wu Guiqin - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate mRNA expression of somatotropic axis genes in chickens divergently selected for high (HWS) or low (LWS) body weight at 56 days of age. Gene expression was measured on days 16, 18, and 20 of incubation, day of hatch, and days 3, 7, ...
Hurto Rebecca L - - 2011
The nuclear-cytoplasmic distribution of tRNA depends on the balance between tRNA nuclear export/re-export and retrograde tRNA nuclear import in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The distribution of tRNA is sensitive to nutrient availability as cells deprived of various nutrients exhibit tRNA nuclear accumulation. Starvation induces numerous events that result in translational repression and ...
Yin Jian-Hua - - 2011
Objective. To observe the effects of Qingyihuaji formula (QYHJ) on the progression of liver metastases from human pancreatic cancer and to detect the expression changes of some biological factors associated with angiogenesis and metastasis during the development of advanced pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Nude mice were inoculated intrasplenically with human pancreatic ...
Qiu Lin - - 2011
The aim was to explore the pulmonary surfactant regulatory effect of TGF-β1 and TGF-β3 during pre- and post-natal porcine development. Pigs on embryonic day 99 (E94) (term = 114 days) and 1-h (D0) and 15-day (D20) neonates were killed to obtain whole lungs. DSPC (disaturated phosphatidylcholine) was separated from other phospholipids, and ...
Mraiche Fatima - - 2011
The Na(+)/H(+) exchanger isoform 1 (NHE1) has been implicated as being causal in cardiac hypertrophy and the protein level and activity are elevated in the diseased myocardium. However, it is unclear whether mere elevation of the protein is sufficient for cardiac pathology, or whether activation of the protein is required. ...
Kurischko Cornelia - - 2011
The mRNA-binding protein Ssd1 is a substrate for the Saccharomyces cerevisiae LATS/NDR orthologue Cbk1, which controls polarized growth, cell separation, and cell integrity. We discovered that most Ssd1 localizes diffusely within the cytoplasm, but some transiently accumulates at sites of polarized growth. Cbk1 inhibition and cellular stress cause Ssd1 to ...
Doi Takashi - - 2011
Nitrofen-induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) model has been widely used to investigate the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) in CDH. Recent studies have suggested that retinoids may be involved in the molecular mechanisms of PH in CDH. Prenatal treatment with retinoic acid (RA) has been reported to improve the growth ...
Roberts Michael D - - 2011
This study examined how multiple bouts of conventional resistance training affected the mRNA expression of transcripts and a protein associated with satellite cell activity in human skeletal muscle. Ten younger men (means ± SE; age, 21.0 ± 0.5 years; body mass, 82.3 ± 4.2 kg; height, 178.4 ± 2.2 cm; percent body fat, 15.4% ± 2.9%) and 10 ...
Ruttenstock Elke Maria - - 2011
Pulmonary hypoplasia (PH), the leading cause of mortality in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), is associated with arrested alveolarization. Late gestation lung protein 1 (LGL1) plays a crucial role in the regulation of alveolarization. Inhibition of LGL1 impairs alveolar maturation in fetal rat lungs. LGL1 heterozygotus knockout mice display delayed lung ...
Singh Mohan - - 2011
Resveratrol (trans-3,4N-trihydroxystilbene), a phytoalexin present in grapes and red wine is emerging as a natural compound with anticancer properties. However, the physiological and molecular effects of resveratrol on normal uterine cells are poorly understood. In the present study we evaluated the effects of resveratrol on normal uterine cells and the ...
Suh Chun Hui - - 2011
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a persistent pollutant worldwide and even found in human cord blood and breast milk. Some animal studies have reported that PFOA causes developmental toxicity such as fetal weight loss, but the mechanism is still unclear. This study focused on developmental toxicity of PFOA, particularly impacts of ...
Takahashi Shinya - - 2011
Cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein granules, known as processing bodies (P-bodies), contain a common set of conserved RNA-processing enzymes, and mRNAs with AU-rich elements (AREs) are delivered to P-bodies for translational silencing. Although the dynamics of P-bodies is physically linked to cytoskeletal network, it is unclear how small GTPases are involved in the ...
Guilmain W - - 2011
Loss of CD9 expression has been correlated with a higher motility and metastatic potential of tumour cells originating from different organs. However, the mechanism underlying this loss is not yet understood. We produced a truncated form of partner 1 of CD9 (CD9P-1), GS-168AT2, and developed a new monoclonal antibody directed ...
Shinmura Kazuya - - 2011
The candidate tumor suppressor NORE1A is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein, and although a fraction of the NORE1A in cells is localized to their centrosomes, the role of centrosomal NORE1A has not been elucidated. In this study we investigated the role of NORE1A in the numerical integrity of centrosomes and chromosome ...
Chen Yuqing - - 2011
The oncogenic potential of Notch activation is observed in many instances including lung tumorigenesis, but the associated molecular regulatory mechanism has not been thoroughly defined. It has been demonstrated that hypoxia can act as one of the major stimuli in the progression of many types of tumorigenesis. This study was ...
Vanheule Eline - - 2011
Placental growth factor (PlGF) is known for its role in pathological conditions to protect parenchymal cells of different organs from injury, whereas its presence in the liver and its potential importance in stimulating liver regeneration has never been described. This was investigated in this study using a rat model of ...
Diéguez-Hurtado Rodrigo - - 2011
Cre/loxP-dependent expression of fluorescent proteins represents a powerful biological tool for cell lineage, fate-mapping, and genetic analysis. Live tissue imaging has significantly improved with the development of far-red fluorescent proteins, with optimized spectral characteristics for in vivo applications. Here, we report the generation of the first transgenic mouse line expressing ...
Michels Birgit - - 2011
Synapsin is an evolutionarily conserved, presynaptic vesicular phosphoprotein. Here, we ask where and how synapsin functions in associative behavioral plasticity. Upon loss or reduction of synapsin in a deletion mutant or via RNAi, respectively, Drosophila larvae are impaired in odor-sugar associative learning. Acute global expression of synapsin and local expression ...
Duffy David J - - 2011
The Phylum Cnidaria diverged from the line leading to the Bilateria approximately 630 million years ago, making them well positioned to provide insights into the diversification of eumetazoan body plans and the molecular mechanisms by which body patterning is controlled.1,2 Our recent paper3 focused on Wnt-mediated axis formation during both ...
Wang Yan - - 2011
Although anaphoric expressions are very common in biomedical and clinical documents, little work has been done to systematically characterize their use in clinical text. Samples of 'it', 'this', and 'that' expressions occurring in inpatient clinical notes from four metropolitan hospitals were analyzed using a combination of semi-automated and manual annotation ...
Vernier Mathieu - - 2011
The tumor suppressor PML (promyelocytic leukemia protein) regulates cellular senescence and terminal differentiation, two processes that implicate a permanent exit from the cell cycle. Here, we show that the mechanism by which PML induces a permanent cell cycle exit and activates p53 and senescence involves a recruitment of E2F transcription ...
Mao Yuntao S - - 2011
The cell nucleus is a highly compartmentalized organelle harbouring a variety of dynamic membraneless nuclear bodies. How these subnuclear domains are established and maintained is not well understood. Here, we investigate the molecular mechanism of how one nuclear body, the paraspeckle, is assembled and organized. Paraspeckles are discrete ribonucleoprotein bodies ...
Gao Pengfei - - 2011
Maternal stress exerts long-lasting psychiatric and somatic on offspring, which persist into adulthood. However, the effect of maternal stress on the postnatal growth of pups has not been widely reported. In this study, we found that maternal immobilization stress (IS) during lactation resulted in low body weight of male mouse ...
Gao Pengfei - - 2010
Maternal stress exerts long-lasting psychiatric and somatic on offspring, which persist into adulthood. However, the effect of maternal stress on the postnatal growth of pups has not been widely reported. In this study, we found that maternal immobilization stress (IS) during lactation resulted in low body weight of male mouse ...
Negorev Dmitri G - - 2010
Identifying the functions of proteins, which associate with specific subnuclear structures, is critical to understanding eukaryotic nuclear dynamics. Sp100 is a prototypical protein of ND10/PML nuclear bodies, which colocalizes with Daxx and the proto-oncogenic PML. Sp100 isoforms contain SAND, PHD, Bromo, and HMG domains and are highly sumoylated, all characteristics ...
Dmitrieff Elizabeth F - - 2011
Chronic exposure to hyperoxia alters the postnatal development and innervation of the rat carotid body. We hypothesized that this plasticity is related to changes in the expression of neurotrophic factors or related proteins. Rats were reared in 60% O(2) from 24 to 36h prior to birth until studied at 3d ...
Selige Jens - - 2010
Lung fibroblast proliferation and differentiation into myofibroblasts are pathological key events during development of lung fibrosis. Cyclic nucleotide signaling is described as a negative modulator of these cellular processes, and cyclic nucleotide degrading type 4 phosphodiesterases (PDE4) are important regulators of these pathways. In this study, we elucidated expression and ...
Xie Lining - - 2011
Substance P (SP) is a multipotent neuropeptide that affects the proliferation, activation and motility of keratinocytes and fibroblasts (Fbs). SP in pulmonary and synovial cells is degraded by CD10, a 90- to 110-kDa cell surface zinc-dependent metalloprotease. However, the expression and function of CD10 in human dermal Fbs have not ...
Vähätalo Riika - - 2011
Premature birth and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) are risk factors for disturbed lung development and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The molecular mechanisms related to prematurity and BPD remain largely unknown. Epithelial expression of the transcription factor GATA-6 has been implicated in normal and abnormal murine lung development. The possible involvement of ...
Xu Jun - - 2011
Processing bodies (P-bodies) contain RNA-protein complexes linked to cytoplasmic RNA decay pathways including mRNA decapping, nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) and small RNA-mediated decay. Plants deficient in P-body components display severe developmental perturbations, suggesting that these cytoplasmic bodies play important roles in regulating gene expression during plant development. Here, we summarize recent ...
Venkatesan Narayanan - - 2011
Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is characterized by increased deposition of proteoglycans (PGs), in particular core proteins. Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are key players in tissue repair and fibrosis, and we investigated whether PF is associated with changes in the expression and structure of GAGs as well as in the expression of β1,3-glucuronosyltransferase I ...
Lukošiūtė A - - 2011
Pulmonary hypoplasia is a primary cause of high morbidity and mortality in neonates with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH). However, the precise pathogenesis of PH associated with CDH is still not clearly understood. It has been recently reported that lung Kruppel-like factor (LKLF), a member of the Kruppel-like factor family of ...
Wu Yu-Qing - - 2010
Urotensin II (UII), originally identified from fish urophysis, is a potent vasoactive peptide and an endogenous ligand for an orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR14, now named as urotensin II receptor (UT-R). In this study, we investigated the mRNA and protein expressions of UII and its receptor (UT-R) in human lung ...
Fitch Paul M - - 2011
Idiopathic interstitial lung diseases (iILDs) are characterized by inflammation, hyperplasia of Type-II alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) and lung remodelling often with progressive fibrosis. It remains unclear which signals initiate iILD and/or maintain the disease processes. Using real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry on archival biopsies of three patterns of iILD (usual interstitial ...
Shia Chi-Sheng - - 2011
The aim of this study is to determine and identify the possible molecular mechanisms of anti-cancer effect of rhubarb under the physiologically achievable concentrations by using an ex vivo approach. Rats were orally administered rhubarb decoction and then serum metabolites were extracted, prepared and characterized to assay for the following ...
Masterson Joanne C - - 2011
Mechanisms of lung regeneration after injury remain poorly understood. Bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) is critical for lung morphogenesis and regulates differentiation of the airway epithelium during development, although its mechanism of action is unknown. The role of BMPs in adult lungs is unclear. We hypothesised that BMP signalling is ...
Dingemann J - - 2011
The nitrofen model of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) displays a diaphragmatic defect of the Bochdalek-type and has been widely used to investigate the pathogenesis of CDH. However, the exact pathomechanism of the diaphragmatic defect is still poorly understood. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptor-like 1 (FGFRL1), a member of the FGF ...
González Andrés - - 2010
Previous genomic analyses of the filamentous nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 have identified three ferric uptake regulator (Fur) homologs with low sequence identities and probably different functions in the cell. FurA is a constitutive protein that shares the highest homology with Fur from heterotrophic bacteria and appears to be ...
Burgos Carmen Mesas - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression and distribution pattern of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in lung development during different stages, and to compare with a model of stimulated lung growth after tracheal ligation (TL) and with the teratogen model of induced congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) ...
Liu Po-Len - - 2010
Thrombomodulin (TM) plays a role in coagulation, inflammation, and cell adhesion. Reduction of TM expression plays an important role in the tumor metastatic process; however, insufficient information is available regarding the expression of TM in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Sixty NSCLC patients who underwent surgery were reviewed for TM ...
Shahrokhi Somayeh - - 2010
Modulation of the expression of CXCR4 as a critical adhesion molecule on cord blood (CB) CD34+ cells could overcome delay following cord blood transplantation. Identification of beneficial effects of growth factors including cytokines and neuropeptides on CXCR4 expression would enable our understanding of this complicated network. Therefore, we aimed to ...
Pelosi Giuseppe - - 2010
Little is known about the dual role of RAS-association domain family 1 (RASSF1) gene at 3p21.3 in neuroendocrine tumors (NET) of the lung. Twenty typical carcinoids (TC), 11 atypical carcinoids (ATC), 11 large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNEC) and 16 small cell lung carcinomas (SCLC) were analyzed for RASSF1 promoter methylation, ...
Doi Takashi - - 2010
The precise mechanism of pulmonary hypoplasia associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) still remains unclear. Recently, prenatal treatment with retinoic acid (RA) has been reported to stimulate alveologenesis in hypoplastic lungs in the nitrofen model of CDH. The serine/threonine protein kinase B (AKT) plays a key role in lung morphogenesis ...
He Miao - - 2010
There is no experimental study demonstrating the effects of airborne Asian sand dust (AASD) on allergic lung eosinophilia. The organic substances adsorbed onto AASD collected from the atmosphere of Iki-island in Japan were excluded by heat treatment at 360°C for 30 min. The effects of AASD or heated-AASD (H-AASD) towards ...
Agervald Asa - - 2010
In the present investigation the results of induced over-production of the CyAbrB transcription factor CalA (Cyanobacterial AbrB-like, annotated as Alr0946) in the cyanobacterium Nostoc sp. PCC 7120 were analysed. The CalA overexpression strain showed a bleaching phenotype with lower growth rate and truncated filaments 2 days after induction of overexpression. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >