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Ko J-H JH Department of Plant and Environmental New Resources, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-si, - - 2014
The secondary cell wall is a defining feature of xylem cells and allows them to resist both gravitational forces and the tension forces associated with the transpirational pull on their internal columns of water. Secondary walls also constitute the majority of plant biomass. Formation of secondary walls requires co-ordinated transcriptional ...
Silva Alice L AL Departamento de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Wiess School of Natural Sciences Rice University, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, - - 2014
To analyze the expression of MUC1 in Fallopian tubes with or without hydrosalpinx, using four different types of antibody. In a case-control study, immunohistochemical expression of MUC1 was examined in Fallopian tubes derived from women with hydrosalpinx (n=10) and normal controls (n=10). Four different antibodies were used for the detection ...
Tong Qiu Q Biomedical Materials and Engineering Center, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of - - 2014
A comparative study was performed to investigate the ultrastructural and biomolecular properties of osteoblasts induced by three types of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). The results on cellular uptake and ultrastructural alteration indicate that SWNTs enter osteoblasts by endocytosis. SWNTs-COOH and SWNTs-OH particles were freely dispersed in the cytoplasm, while pristine ...
Madhushani Anjana A Department of Molecular Biology, Umeå University, Umeå SE 90187, Sweden. - - 2014
Expression of pathways for dissimilation of toxic aromatic compounds such as (methyl)phenols interfaces both stress-response and carbon catabolite repression control cascades. In Pseudomonas putida, carbon catabolite repression is mediated by the protein Crc - a translational repressor that counteracts utilization of less-preferred carbon sources as growth substrates until they are ...
Miller Melanie A MA Department of Biology, University of Missouri-St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63121-4499, - - 2013
The Puf family of RNA-binding proteins regulates gene expression primarily by interacting with the 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) of targeted mRNAs and inhibiting translation and/or stimulating decay. Physical association and computational analyses of yeast Puf3p identified >150 potential mRNA targets involved in mitochondrial function. However, only COX17 has been ...
Snyder-Talkington Brandi N BN Pathology and Physiology Research Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, - - 2013
The fibrous shape and biopersistence of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) have raised concern over their potential toxicity after pulmonary exposure. As in vivo exposure to MWCNT produced a transient inflammatory and progressive fibrotic response, this study sought to identify significant biological processes associated with lung inflammation and fibrosis pathology data, ...
Kim Won-Chan - - 2013
Cellulose, the most abundant biopolymer on Earth, is a central component in plant cell walls and highly abundant (up to 50%) in the secondary walls. In Arabidopsis thaliana, the cellulose biosynthesis in the secondary walls is catalyzed by three cellulose synthases CESA4, CESA7 and CESA8. The transcription factor MYB46 and ...
Chen Yu-Shuan - - 2013
The use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to promote neural differentiation is well known. However, most studies have focused on the effect of CNT-derived composites or CNT-based nanopattern substrates on differentiation. Whether or not the intrinsic properties of CNTs themselves can affect neural differentiation and the differentiation mechanism have not been ...
Yoshida Daizo - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to develop a novel transfection method for short interfering RNA (siRNA). A nanotube with surfactant activity, A6K, consisting of six alanine residues and a hydrophilic head, lysine, was compared to the conventional cationic transfectant reagents siFECTOR and Lipofectamine 2000. Cytotoxicity for the human ...
Vidanapathirana Achini K AK Department of Physiology, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, - - 2012
The use and production of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) have significantly increased over the last decade due to their versatility in numerous applications. Their unique physical and chemical properties make them desirable for various biomedical applications, but the same properties also raise concerns about their safety to human health, particularly ...
Krishnan Nithya N Hauptman Woodward Medical Research Institute, SUNY at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, - - 2012
Histone mRNAs are rapidly degraded at the end of S phase, and a 26-nucleotide stem-loop in the 3' untranslated region is a key determinant of histone mRNA stability. This sequence is the binding site for stem-loop binding protein (SLBP), which helps to recruit components of the RNA degradation machinery to ...
Vessey John P - - 2012
The cellular mechanisms that regulate self-renewal versus differentiation of mammalian somatic tissue stem cells are still largely unknown. Here, we asked whether an RNA complex regulates this process in mammalian neural stem cells. We show that the RNA-binding protein Staufen2 (Stau2) is apically localized in radial glial precursors of the ...
Li Xiangzhi - - 2012
Pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) maintain self-renewal and the potential for rapid response to differentiation cues. Both ESC features are subject to epigenetic regulation. Here we show that the histone acetyltransferase Mof plays an essential role in the maintenance of ESC self-renewal and pluripotency. ESCs with Mof deletion lose characteristic ...
Bradley Eric - - 2012
Deciphering the molecular basis of stem cell pluripotency is fundamental to the understanding of stem cell biology, early embryonic development, and to the clinical application of regenerative medicine. We report here that the molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is essential for mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency through ...
Le Ngoc Tu - - 2012
Eukaryotic gene transcription is a complex process, which requires the orchestrated recruitment of a large number of proteins, such as sequence-specific DNA binding factors, chromatin remodelers and modifiers, and general transcription machinery, to regulatory regions. Previous works have shown that these regulatory proteins favor specific organizational theme along promoters. Details ...
Almeida-Rodriguez Adriana M - - 2012
• Premise of the study: Aquaporins (AQPs) are channel proteins, and their function is mostly associated with transmembrane water transport. While aquaporin genes are known to be expressed in woody poplar stems, little is known about AQP expression at the cellular level. Localization of AQP expression to particular cell and ...
Sand Michael - - 2012
Although several studies have shown a dysregulation of microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles in cutaneous melanoma, there has been little research on the miRNA machinery itself. In this study, we investigated the mRNA expression profiles of different miRNA machinery components in primary cutaneous malignant melanoma (PCMM), cutaneous malignant melanoma metastases (CMMM) ...
Knuckles Philip - - 2012
Temporal regulation of embryonic neurogenesis is controlled by hypostable transcription factors. The mechanism of the process is unclear. Here we show that the RNase III Drosha and DGCR8 (also known as Pasha), key components of the microRNA (miRNA) microprocessor, have important functions in mouse neurogenesis. Loss of microprocessor in forebrain ...
Coates Emily E - - 2012
Articular cartilage resists load and provides frictionless movement at joint surfaces. The tissue is organized into the superficial, middle, deep, and calcified zones throughout its depth, each which serve distinct functions. Proteoglycan 4 (PRG4), found in the superficial zone, is a critical component of the joint's lubricating mechanisms. Maintenance of ...
Lee Hye-Ryun - - 2012
Altered expression of neurotrophic factors as well as neuroinflammation is commonly associated with Major depressive disorder (MDD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). To investigate whether or not reserpine-induced MDD affects the expression of AD-related proteins, the expression of γ-secretase components and substrate were measured in brains of ICR mice following reserpine ...
Pranski Elaine L - - 2012
Activation of innate and adaptive immune responses is tightly regulated, as insufficient activation could result in defective clearance of pathogens, while excessive activation might lead to lethal systemic inflammation or autoimmunity. A20 functions as a negative regulator of innate and adaptive immunity by inhibiting NF-κB activation. A20 mediates its inhibitory ...
Hu Guang - - 2012
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are defined by two essential features--pluripotency and self-renewal--whose balance requires the concerted action of signal transduction pathways, transcription factor networks, and epigenetic regulators. Recent findings have implicated the NuRD chromatin remodeling complex in the sophisticated choreography of ESC regulatory pathways.
Rousso David L DL Department of Neurobiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 610 Charles Young Drive East, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2012
Neuroepithelial attachments at adherens junctions are essential for the self-renewal of neural stem and progenitor cells and the polarized organization of the developing central nervous system. The balance between stem cell maintenance and differentiation depends on the precise assembly and disassembly of these adhesive contacts, but the gene regulatory mechanisms ...
Zhou Yingchuan - - 2012
Previous studies have found that microRNA-21 (miR-21) is an important functional factor during osteoclast differentiation. Abnormal osteoclastogenesis induced by wear particles is the main cause of aseptic loosening in joint replacements. The aim of the present study is to investigate the possible role of miR-21 in the pathogenesis of particle-induced ...
Marotta Francesco - - 2012
Abstract We tested the activity of the marine nutraceutical CL-1222 added with a coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)-lutein-selenium component (Celergen(®), Laboratoires-Dom, Switzerland) to protect human fibroblasts against ultraviolet A (UVA)-induced photoaging. Cells obtained from 22- to 39-year-old healthy donors were pretreated with CL-1222 before UV irradiation, as compared with same quantity of ...
Tang Qi Qun - - 2012
Excessive caloric intake without a rise in energy expenditure promotes adipocyte hyperplasia and adiposity. The rise in adipocyte number is triggered by signaling factors that induce conversion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to preadipocytes that differentiate into adipocytes. MSCs, which are recruited from the vascular stroma of adipose tissue, provide ...
Chi Zhikai Z Solomon H. Snyder Department of Neuroscience, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2012
Regulation of self-renewal and differentiation of neural stem cells is still poorly understood. Here we investigate the role of a developmentally expressed protein, Botch, which blocks Notch, in neocortical development. Downregulation of Botch in vivo leads to cellular retention in the ventricular and subventricular zones, whereas overexpression of Botch drives ...
Nag Anita - - 2012
Nuclear RNA decay factors are involved in many different pathways including rRNA processing, snRNA and snoRNA biogenesis, pre-mRNA processing, and the rapid decay of cryptic intergenic transcripts. In contrast to its yeast counterpart, the mammalian nuclear decay machinery is largely uncharacterized. Here we report interactions of several putative components of ...
Huang Helen W - - 2012
The ability of pulmonary surfactant to reduce alveolar surface tension requires adequate expression of surfactant protein B (SP-B). Dexamethasone (DEX, 10(-7) M) increases human SP-B mRNA stability by a mechanism that requires a 126-nt-long segment (the 7.6S region) of the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). The objective of this study was to ...
Wang Chris - - 2012
For a stem cell population to exist over an extended period, a balance must be maintained between self-renewing (proliferating) and differentiating daughter cells. Within the Caenorhabditis elegans germ line, this balance is controlled by a genetic regulatory pathway, which includes the canonical Notch signaling pathway. Genetic screens identified the gene ...
Berlin Irina - - 2012
MITF-M and PAX3 are proteins central to the establishment and transformation of the melanocyte lineage. They control various cellular mechanisms, including migration and proliferation. BRN2 is a POU domain transcription factor expressed in melanoma cell lines and is involved in proliferation and invasion, at least in part by regulating the ...
Nikishin Denis A - - 2012
Despite abundant research studies on the physiological and biochemical nature of embryonic neurotransmitter function, little is known about the molecular genetic mechanisms involved. The expression of the main components of the serotonergic system during early Xenopus embryogenesis was investigated using RT-PCR, real time PCR and in situ hybridization. Transcripts encoding ...
Li Hao - - 2012
Cortical GABAergic interneurons (INs) are generated in the medial ganglionic eminence (MGE) and migrate tangentially into cortex. Because most, if not all, migrating MGE-derived INs express the neuregulin (NRG) receptor, ErbB4, we investigated influences of Nrg1 isoforms and Nrg3 on IN migration through ventral telencephalon (vTel) and within cortex. During ...
Steere Nathan - - 2012
The mother centriole of the centrosome is distinguished from immature daughter centrioles by the presence of accessory structures (distal and subdistal appendages), which play an important role in the organization of the primary cilium in quiescent cells. Primary cilia serve as sensory organelles, thus have been implicated in mediating intracellular ...
Akerblom Malin - - 2012
In adult mammals, neural stem cells (NSCs) are found in two niches of the brain; the subventricular zone by the lateral ventricles and the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus in the hippocampus. Neurogenesis is a complex process that is tightly controlled on a molecular level. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have ...
Victoriano Ann Florence Belinario - - 2011
Transcriptional regulation is critical for HIV-1 life cycle and is the only step at which the virus amplifies its genetic information content. Numerous known and still unknown transcriptional factors, both host and viral, regulate HIV-1 gene expression and latency. This review is a comprehensive review of transcription factors involved in ...
Huxford Tom - - 2011
NF-κB is an inducible transcription factor that controls expression of diverse stress response genes. The entire mammalian NF-κB family is generated from a small cadre of five gene products that assemble with one another in various combinations to form active homo- and heterodimers. The ability of NF-κB to alter target ...
Manuvakhova Marina S - - 2011
Neuronal noncytokine-dependent p50/p65 nuclear factor-κB (the primary NF-κB complex in the brain) activation has been shown to exert neuroprotective actions. Thus neuronal activation of NF-κB could represent a viable neuroprotective target. We have developed a cell-based assay able to detect NF-κB expression enhancement, and through its use we have identified ...
Jin Li-Qing - - 2011
In mammals, there are three neurofilament (NF) subunits (NF-L, NF-M, and NF-H), but it was thought that only a single NF, NF180, exists in lamprey. However, NF180 lacked the ability to self-assemble, suggesting that like mammalian NFs, lamprey NFs are heteropolymers, and that additional NF subunits may exist. The present ...
Diel D G - - 2011
Poxviruses have evolved various strategies to inhibit cytoplasmic events leading to activation of the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway, with individual viruses often encoding multiple NF-κB inhibitors. Here, the novel orf virus (ORFV)-encoded protein ORFV002 was shown to inhibit nuclear events regulating NF-κB transcriptional activity. ORFV002 expression in cell ...
Shi Lin-Xiang LX Department of General Surgery, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai 200072, China. - - 2010
To construct the CABYR RNAi plasmid and study its relation with the nuclear factor (NF)-κB signal transduction pathway. Human CABYR mRNA sequence was obtained from GenBank. The structure of cDNA sequence for the short hairpin RNA was BbsI + sense + loop + antisense + transcription terminator + KpnI + ...
Kfoury Youmna - - 2011
The human T-lymphotropic virus type I oncoprotein Tax is critical for T-cell transformation, acting mainly through nuclear factor kappa B essential modulator (NEMO) binding and subsequent nuclear factor-κB activation. Tax localizes to Tax nuclear bodies and to the centrosome and is subjected to ubiquitylation and small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO)ylation, which ...
Huang Yiping - - 2010
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells exposed to cisplatin display ATM-dependent phosphorylation of the most predominant TP63 isoform (ΔNp63α), leading to its activation as a transcription factor. Here, we found that the phospho-ΔNp63α protein binds to the genomic promoter of RPN13 through the TP63-responsive element. We further found that ...
Bao Xiaoyong - - 2010
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a negative-strand RNA virus, is the most common cause of epidemic respiratory disease in infants and young children. RSV infection of airway epithelial cells induces the expression of immune/inflammatory genes through the activation of a subset of transcription factors, including Nuclear Factor-κB (NF-κB). In this study ...
Gurtner Aymone - - 2010
The CCAAT-binding transcription factor NF-Y plays a central role in regulating cellular proliferation by controlling the expression of genes required for cell-cycle progression such as cyclin A, cyclin B1, cyclin B2, cdc25A, cdc25C, and cdk1. Here we show that unrestricted NF-Y activity leads to apoptosis in an E2F1- and wild-type ...
Tsikitis Mary - - 2010
We have identified the E3 ligase Traf7 as a direct MyoD1 target and show that cell cycle exit-an early event in muscle differentiation-is linked to decreased Traf7 expression. Depletion of Traf7 accelerates myogenesis, in part through downregulation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity. We used a proteomic screen to identify NEMO, ...
Thompson Ryan C - - 2011
Cell-surface protein CD10 is a prognostic marker for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), where high expression of CD10 is found in the germinal center B-cell (GCB) subtype and CD10 expression is low or absent in the activated B-cell (ABC) subtype. As compared with the GCB subtype, patients with ABC DLBCL ...
Fujisawa Tomoyuki - - 2011
A major pathological feature of chronic airway diseases is the elevated expression of gel-forming mucins. NF-κB activation in airway epithelial cells has been shown to play a proinflammatory role in chronic airway diseases; however, the specific role of NF-κB in mucin gene expression has not been characterized. In this study, ...
Boehm Daniela - - 2010
Epstein Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) induces NF-κB activation through transformation effector sites (TES) 1 and 2, both of which are critical for B-lymphocyte transformation. TES2 principally activates canonical NF-κB, which we confirm is NF-κB essential modifier (NEMO)-dependent and requires an intact ubiquitin binding in A20 binding inhibitor ...
Piccagli Laura - - 2010
In the present study, a structured-based virtual screening (VS) of differently substituted furocoumarins and analogues has been carried out against nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), with the objective of selecting molecules able to inhibit the binding of this transcription factor to the DNA. The focus library was developed starting from ...
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