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Results 201 - 250 of 769
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Alli Zaman - - 2005
In this report, we studied DHX32 expression in human Jurkat T cells. Co-stimulation of CD3 and CD28 resulted in upregulation of DHX32. No significant changes in the expression of the closely related RNA helicases were seen. Ionomycin treatment alone was sufficient to upregulate the expression of DHX32 mRNA isoform transcribed ...
Ovtsyna Alexandra O - - 2005
Establishment of symbiosis between legumes and rhizobia requires bacterial Nod factors (NFs). The concentration of these lipochitooligosaccharides in the rhizosphere is influenced by plant enzymes. NFs induce on pea (Pisum sativum) a particular extracellular NF hydrolase that releases lipodisaccharides from NFs from Sinorhizobium meliloti. Here, we investigated the ability of ...
Merigo Flavia - - 2005
Several types of intermediate filament proteins are expressed in developing and mature neurons; they cooperate with other cytoskeletal components to sustain neuronal function from early neurogenesis onward. In this work the timing of expression of nestin, peripherin, internexin, and the neuronal intermediate filament triplet [polypeptide subunits of low (NF-L), medium ...
Kashanchi Fatah - - 2005
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is an aggressive hematologic malignancy caused by human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-1). Tax, encoded by the HTLV-1 pX region, has been recognized by its pleiotropic actions to play a critical role in leukemogenesis. Three highly conserved 21-bp repeat elements located within the long terminal ...
Sun Shao-Cong - - 2005
T-cell transformation by the human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) involves deregulation of cellular transcription factors, including members of the NF-kappaB family. In normal T cells, NF-kappaB activation occurs transiently in response to immune stimuli, which is required for antigen-stimulated T-cell proliferation and survival. However, HTLV-I induces persistent activation ...
Hall William W - - 2005
Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection is associated with the clonal expansion and transformation of mature T lymphocytes. While the mechanisms involved are incompletely understood the viral regulatory protein Tax plays a central role in these processes. Recent studies employing genomic and proteomic approaches have demonstrated the marked complexity ...
Hunter Stephen - - 2005
Apolipoprotein D (apoD) expression was studied in nonneoplastic peripheral nerve, neurofibromas (NFs), and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemistry. Multiplex quantitative polymerase chain reaction for messenger RNA was performed on a series of formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded specimens that included 9 ...
Pérez-Lago Laura - - 2005
Transcription regulation relies on the molecular interplay between the RNA polymerase and regulatory factors. Phages of the phi29-like genus encode two regulatory proteins, p4 and p6. In phi29, the switch from early to late transcription is based on the synergistic binding of proteins p4 and p6 to the promoter sequence, ...
Yu Chen-Guang - - 2005
The role of the ERK1/2 signal transduction pathway and related transcription factors in the regulation of gene expression and pain behavior following excitotoxic spinal cord injury (SCI) was examined. Specifically, phosphorylation of ERK1/2, activation of transcription factors NF-kB, ELK-1, and CREB, and gene expression of the neurokinin-1 receptor and NMDA ...
Kwon Hakju - - 2005
Type I human T cell leukemia virus (HTLV-I) is etiologically linked with adult T cell leukemia, an aggressive and usually fatal expansion of activated CD4+ T lymphocytes that frequently traffic to skin. T cell transformation induced by HTLV-I involves the action of the 40-kDa viral Tax transactivator protein. Tax both ...
Yu Xiuping - - 2005
The solitary ERV-9 long terminal repeat (LTR) located upstream of the HS5 site in the human beta-globin locus control region exhibits prominent enhancer activity in embryonic and erythroid cells. The LTR enhancer contains 14 tandemly repeated subunits with recurrent CCAAT, GTGGGGA, and GATA motifs. Here we showed that in erythroid ...
Lin Hsin-Ching - - 2005
Human T cell leukemia virus 1 (HTLV-1) gene expression is regulated by both the viral Tax protein and by cellular transcriptional factors. We have previously shown that immune activation stimuli such as phorbol esters (PMA) and phytohemagglutinin (PHA) cooperate with HTLV-1 Tax expression to enhance HTLV-1 gene expression in infected ...
Zhu Jiang - - 2005
Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal and differentiation are influenced through multiple pathways, including homeobox transcription factors, signaling through beta-catenin and Notch-1, telomerase, and p27. How these multiple pathways interact and are orchestrated is currently unknown. We now report that NF-Ya, the regulatory and DNA-binding subunit of the trimeric transcription factor ...
Kawakami Hirochika - - 2005
Survivin, a unique member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, is overexpressed in many cancers and considered to play an important role in oncogenesis. We previously reported the survivin expression profile in ATL, a CD4-positive T-cell malignancy caused by HTLV-I. HTLV-I Tax is thought to play an important role ...
Miyazato Akiko - - 2005
The human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) Tax oncoprotein can repress the transcriptional activity of the tumor suppressor protein p53. However, it remains controversial whether Tax requires NF-kappaB factors/activity and/or p300/CBP in order to inactivate p53 function. To address this issue, we have investigated Tax's effect on p53's transcriptional ...
Azran Inbal - - 2005
The oncogenic potential of HTLV-1 Tax protein is partially ascribed to its capacity to activate NF-kappaB. The current view is that Tax acts first in the cytoplasm to dissociate NF-kappaB factors from the IkappaB proteins and enable their nuclear translocation, then Tax links p65(RelA), within the nucleus, to CBP/p300 and ...
Forgacs Eva - - 2005
The human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) viral protein Tax is a transactivator of transcription driven by the cognate viral long terminal repeat (LTR). Tax exerts its effect through three nonidentical copies of the Tax-responsive element (TxRE), a member of the asymmetric cyclic AMP response element (CRE) family of ...
Habens F - - 2005
The NF-kB transcription factor plays a key role in the regulation of apoptosis by modulating expression of a wide range of cell death control molecules. NF-kB also plays an important role in human diseases by promoting inappropriate cell survival. Small molecule inhibitors of NF-kB are therefore likely to provide novel ...
Dolcet Xavier - - 2005
The nuclear factor kB (NF-kB) comprises a family of transcription factors involved in the regulation of a wide variety of biological responses. NF-kB plays a well-known function in the regulation of immune responses and inflammation, but growing evidences support a major role in oncogenesis. NF-kB regulates the expression of genes ...
Cañete-Soler Rafaela - - 2005
A 68 nucleotide segment of the light neurofilament (NF-L) mRNA, spanning the translation termination signal, participates in regulating the stability of the transcript in vivo. Aldolases A and C, but not B, interact specifically with this segment of the transcript in vitro. Aldolases A and C are glycolytic enzymes expressed ...
Favre-Bonvin Arnaud - - 2005
Several viral proteins expressed by DNA or RNA transforming viruses have the particular property of binding via their C-terminal end to various cellular proteins with PDZ domains. This study is focused on the PDZ protein TIP-2/GIPC, which was originally identified in two-hybrid screens performed with two different baits: the human ...
Ego Takeshi - - 2005
Epigenetic regulation of gene expression is critical in the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. Dysregulation of normal epigenetic transcription occurs in abnormal physiological conditions, such as those seen in cancer cells and cells infected with parasites, making the mechanism underlying abnormal epigenetic transcription of great interest. Gene expression of human T-cell ...
Hivin Patrick - - 2005
The genome of the human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) codes for a basic leucine zipper protein, HBZ, capable of repressing JUN activity and viral transcription. Transient expression in mammalian cells showed that HBZ was targeted to the nucleus, where it accumulated in nuclear speckles. By using a complementary ...
He Yan - - 2005
Recent studies have shown that the transport of microtubules (MTs) and neurofilaments (NFs) within the axon is rapid, infrequent, asynchronous, and bidirectional. Here, we used RNA interference to investigate the role of cytoplasmic dynein in powering these transport events. To reveal transport of MTs and NFs, we expressed EGFP-tagged tubulin ...
Hunt Jason R - - 2005
The anaphylatoxin receptors of the complement system are important in immune defense but also play a role in autoimmune disease. Reports have demonstrated induced C5a receptor (C5aR) expression in a number of disease states, yet little is known about the regulation of this gene. We have examined sequences in the ...
Akita Kazumasa - - 2005
Of the cell cycle-associated genes regulated by human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) Tax, cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p21WAF1 is upregulated in HTLV-1-infected cells. Previously, we reported that p21WAF1 stimulated Tax-dependent NF-kappaB activation which influences a variety of cellular processes, including proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. In HTLV-1-infected cells, Tax is ...
Ratnam Joseline - - 2005
NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) subtype of glutamate receptors are core components of dendritic spine postsynaptic densities (PSDs), in which they are anchored via their carboxy-terminal tails to cytoskeletal proteins. In this study, we examined the role of the neuronal intermediate filament protein, neurofilament-light (NF-L), also a component of the PSD, in the ...
Franchini Antonella - - 2005
NF-Y is a conserved trimer with histone-like subunits that binds and activates the common CCAAT promoter element.C.elegansNF-Y genes present two CeNF-YAs, a unique feature in kingdoms other than plants, one CeNF-YB and one CeNF-YC. The expression of both CeNF-YAs is restricted to the gonads and developing embryos, whereas the histone-like ...
Harhaj Edward W - - 2005
Human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) is the causative agent of a fatal malignancy known as adult T cell leukemia (ATL). The HTLV-I Tax protein is thought to play a significant role in the initiation and pathogenesis of HTLV-I-mediated disease. Tax is a potent oncogene that deregulates cellular ...
Testa Anna - - 2005
The CCAAT box is a prototypical promoter element, almost invariably found between -60 and -100 upstream of the major transcription start site. It is bound and activated by the histone fold trimer NF-Y. We performed chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) on chip experiments on two different CpG islands arrays using chromatin from ...
DIXIT, SANTOSH G
Intestinal P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression and luminal nitric oxide (NO) levels are significantly greater in patients with refractory inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We investigated whether the proinfammatory cytokine IFN-γ, the transcription factor NF-κB, and the signaling intermediate NO regulate the P-gp encoding ABCB1 gene using the Caco-2 cells as an in ...
Pise-Masison Cynthia A - - 2005
Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia and tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-1 associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM). Although the precise mechanism of HTLV-1 oncogenesis remains unclear, the pathogenesis has been linked to the pleiotropic activity of the viral transcriptional activator protein Tax. Tax has been shown ...
Theiss Carsten - - 2005
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the participation of the motor proteins kinesin and dynein in axonal transport of neurofilaments (NF) in cultured dorsal root ganglia neurons. Therefore, we performed live-recording studies of the green fluorescent protein-tagged neurofilament M (GFP-NF-M) to assay transport processes in neurons. Co-localization ...
Bernadt Cory T - - 2005
NF-Y is a bifunctional transcription factor capable of activating or repressing transcription. NF-Y specifically recognizes CCAAT box motifs present in many eukaryotic promoters. The mechanisms involved in regulating its activity are poorly understood. Previous studies have shown that the FGF-4 promoter is regulated positively by its CCAAT box and NF-Y ...
Kress Elsa - - 2005
In this study, we have examined the role of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNP A1) in viral gene expression in T lymphocytes transformed by HTLV-1. We have previously observed that hnRNP A1 (A1) down-modulates the post transcriptional activity of Rex protein of HTLV-1. Here, we tested whether the ectopic expression ...
Kabe Yasuaki Y Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8501, - - 2005
Osteoclast differentiation factor (ODF)/receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand is essential for inducing the differentiation of mature osteoclasts. We find that nuclear factor Y (NF-Y) binds to the CCAAT box on the ODF promoter and regulates its basal transcriptional activity. The CCAAT box on the ODF gene is required for its ...
Lopez-Picon Francisco - - 2004
Neurofilament (NF) proteins, the major constituent of intermediate filaments in neurons, have an important role in cellular stability and plasticity. We have now studied the short-term (hours) and long-term (up to 1 week) effects of kainic acid (KA)-induced status epilepticus (SE) on the reactivity of NF proteins, and mossy fiber ...
Langlois Mélanie - - 2004
Human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) transcription generally depends on the ability of the viral Tax protein to bind the CREB transcription factor and form an active complex by recruiting CBP/p300 coactivators to the long terminal repeat (LTR). Studies have demonstrated that T-cell activating agents that stimulate CREB are ...
Gramolini Anthony O - - 2004
Sarcolipin (SLN) and phospholamban (PLN) are effective inhibitors of the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA). These homologous proteins differ at their N and C termini: the C-terminal Met-Leu-Leu in PLN is replaced by Arg-Ser-Tyr-Gln-Tyr in SLN. The role of the C-terminal sequence of SLN tagged N-terminally with the FLAG epitope (NF-SLN) ...
Peloponese Jean-Marie JM - - 2004
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) encodes a 40-kDa Tax phosphoprotein. Tax is a transcriptional activator which modulates expression of the viral long terminal repeat and transcription of many cellular genes. Because Tax is a critical HTLV-1 factor which mediates viral transformation of T cells during the genesis of ...
Koga Hiroshi - - 2004
Tax, a protein encoded by the env-pX gene of human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I), interacts with various host cell transcription factors. Tax activates transcription from the long terminal repeat (LTR) of HTLV-I through association with cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB). Here, we present evidence that transducer of regulated ...
Younis Ihab - - 2004
Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and HTLV-2 are complex retroviruses that persist in the host, eventually causing leukemia and neurological disease in a small percentage of infected individuals. In addition to structural and enzymatic proteins, HTLV encodes regulatory (Tax and Rex) and accessory (open reading frame I and ...
Williams, Edward Spencer
NF-κB activity is critical in the regulation of atherosclerotic vascular smooth muscle cell (vSMC) phenotypes induced following oxidative injury by allylamine. The present studies were designed to detail dysregulation of NF-κB activity in these altered phenotypes, and to assess the importance of NF-κB in the regulation of osteopontin, a cytokine ...
Pandey Radha Raman - - 2004
Antisense transcription has been shown to be one of the hierarchies that control gene expression in eukaryotes. Recently, we have documented that the mouse Kcnq1 imprinting control region (ICR) harbors bidirectional silencing property, and this feature is linked to an antisense RNA, Kcnq1ot1. In this investigation, using genomic footprinting, we ...
Uramoto Hidetaka - - 2004
We investigated mechanisms of the p73alpha-mediated repression of the platelet-derived growth factor beta-receptor (PDGFRB) promoter caused by its interaction with NF-Y. Treatment of cells with the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, Trichostatin A, increases PDGFRB promoter activity through the CCAAT motif and counteracts the repression caused by p73alpha. Activation of the ...
Trevisan Roberta - - 2004
The human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) Tax transactivator is thought to play a primary role in the development of HTLV-1-mediated diseases. Using a murine fibroblast model, we previously showed that Tax reduces apoptosis induced by serum starvation by preventing cytochrome c release from the mitochondria. As Tax can ...
Thyagarajan Amar - - 2004
As axons mature, neurofilament-M (NF-M) expression rises, contributing to maturation of the axonal cytoskeleton and an expansion in axon caliber. This increase is partly due to a rise in NF-M mRNA stability. Such post-transcriptional regulation is often mediated through the binding of specific proteins to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of ...
Dickson Kathleen M - - 2004
Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB) transcriptional activity is induced by numerous stimuli. To identify tissues exhibiting NF-kB transcriptional activity during development, we analyzed transgenic reporter mice that express beta-galactosidase from an NF-kB-responsive element. We report that NF-kB activation is widespread and present in numerous epithelial structures and within vasculature. Several regions ...
Reddy Alavala Matta - - 2004
Nuclear factor (NF)-cB is a transcription factor regulating the expression of inflammatory and immune genes. In the present study, an extract from stem bark of Cinnamomum cassia Blume(Lauraceae) was discovered to have an inhibitory effect on LPS-induced NF-KB transcriptional activity, which was determined using macrophages RAW 264.7 transfected stably with ...
Nagato Hitoshi - - 2004
To elucidate the mechanisms underlining alpha3(V) collagen chain expression, we performed an initial analysis of the structure and function of the core promoter of the human COL5A3 gene. The core promoter, which lacks a typical TATA motif and has a high GC content, was defined within the -129 bp immediately ...
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