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Monin A A 1] Center for Psychiatric Neuroscience, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne (CHUV-UNIL), Prilly-Lausanne, Switzerland [2] Department of Psychiatry, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne (CHUV-UNIL), Prilly-Lausanne, - - 2014
Schizophrenia pathophysiology implies both abnormal redox control and dysconnectivity of the prefrontal cortex, partly related to oligodendrocyte and myelin impairments. As oligodendrocytes are highly vulnerable to altered redox state, we investigated the interplay between glutathione and myelin. In control subjects, multimodal brain imaging revealed a positive association between medial prefrontal ...
Zhu Ying Y Department of Pediatrics College of Medicine University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, - - 2014
Periventricular white matter injury (PWMI) is the most common cause of brain injury in preterm infants. It is believed that loss of late oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) and disrupted maturation of oligodendrocytes contributes to defective myelination in PWMI. At present, no clinically approved drugs are available for treating PWMI. Previously, ...
Popiolek-Barczyk Katarzyna K Department of Pain Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neuropathic pain is clinically challenging because it is resistant to alleviation by morphine. The nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways may be involved in the development of neuropathic pain. The aim of our study was to examine the influence of a chronic, intrathecal ...
Liu Yuelong - - 2013
Haploinsufficiency for CHD7, an ATP-dependent nucleosome remodeling factor, is the leading cause of CHARGE syndrome. While congenital heart defects (CHDs) are major clinical features of CHARGE syndrome, affecting more than 75% of patients, it remains unclear if CHD7 can directly regulate cardiogenic genes in embryos. Our complementary yeast two-hybrid and ...
Lim Jeremy J JJ Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30332, - - 2013
Sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are known to interact electrostatically with positively charged growth factors to modulate signaling. Therefore, regulating the degree of sulfation of GAGs may be a promising approach to tailor biomaterial carriers for controlled growth factor delivery and release. For this study, chondroitin sulfate (CS) was first desulfated to ...
Beck Roy - - 2012
NFs (neurofilaments), the major cytoskeletal constituent of myelinated axons in vertebrates, consist of three different molecular-mass subunit proteins, NF-L (low), NF-M (medium) and NF-H (high), assembled to form mature filaments with protruding intrinsically disordered C-terminal side-arms. Liquid crystal gel networks of side-arm-mediated NF assemblies play a key role in the ...
Tomokiyo Atsushi A Faculty of Dental Science, Division of Oral Rehabilitation, Department of Endodontology and Operative Dentistry, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, - - 2012
It is well known that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is involved in the toxicity of halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (HAH) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Recent experiments have shown the induction of impaired tooth and hard-tissue formation by AhR pathway activation, however, the effect on periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue remains ...
Kindt Jared T JT Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 61801, - - 2012
Herein, we describe the utility of chaperone probes and a bead-based signal enhancement strategy for the analysis of full length mRNA transcripts using arrays of silicon photonic microring resonators. Changes in the local refractive index near microring sensors associated with biomolecular binding events are transduced as a shift in the ...
Du Hengfei - - 2012
Abstract Norcantharidin (NCTD), the demethylated analog of the Chinese medicine cantharidin, exhibits anti-myeloma activity by inactivating nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), which is implicated in multiple myeloma (MM) cells survival and resistance to bortezomib (BTZ). We investigated whether NCTD could potentiate the anti-tumor activity of BTZ in MM. NCTD inhibited the proliferation ...
Wolgin Michael - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The impact of smoking on the local innate immune response in the oral cavity, and, commonly, on oral health is actively discussed in the scientific literature. The aim of the present study was to evaluate possible effects of smoking on gene expression of human beta-defensin-1 and -2 in human ...
Mayahara Kotoe - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Periodontal ligament cells (PDLs) produce prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) in response to orthodontic force. PGE(2) is a potent osteoclast-inducing factor that induces the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL). Some studies reported that PDLs express RANKL in response to mechanical stress, whereas another study reported that they do not. ...
Han Jung-Yeon - - 2012
Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) is one of the most popular medicinal herbs, and the root of this plant contains pharmacologically active components, called ginsenosides. Ginsenosides, a class of tetracyclic triterpene saponins, are synthesized from dammarenediol- II after hydroxylation by cytochrome P450 (CYP) and then glycosylation by a glycosyltransferase. Protopanaxadiol ...
Xu Chun - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells play an important role in preserving periodontal homeostasis and periodontal remodelling in response to mechanical stimulations. Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) is essential for homeostasis and many other biological processes of multicellular organisms. While the role of GJIC in mechanotransduction of PDL cells remains largely ...
Lechat Marc-Marie MM Laboratoire de Biologie et Pathologie Végétales, SFR 4207 QUASAV, LUNAM University, Nantes, - - 2012
After a conditioning period, seed dormancy in obligate root parasitic plants is released by a chemical stimulus secreted by the roots of host plants. Using Phelipanche ramosa as the model, experiments conducted in this study showed that seeds require a conditioning period of at least 4 d to be receptive ...
Osathanon Thanaphum - - 2012
Notch signaling plays critical roles in various cell types by regulating cell fate determination and differentiation. Here, we investigated the ability to control differentiation of human periodontal ligament derived mesenchymal stem cells using modified surfaces containing the affinity immobilized Notch ligand, Jagged-1. After seeding human periodontal ligament derived mesenchymal stem ...
Bian Hongwu - - 2012
• MicroRNA (miRNA)-mediated regulation of auxin signaling components plays a critical role in plant development. miRNA expression and functional diversity contribute to the complexity of regulatory networks of miRNA/target modules. • This study functionally characterizes two members of the rice (Oryza sativa) miR393 family and their target genes, OsTIR1 and ...
Hull J Joe - - 2012
Lygus hesperus (western tarnished plant bug) is an agronomically important pest species of numerous cropping systems. Similar to other insects, a critical component underlying behaviors is the perception and discrimination of olfactory cues. Consequently, the molecular basis of olfaction in this species is of interest. To begin to address this ...
Manzano Concepción - - 2012
In plants, lateral roots originate from pericycle founder cells that are specified at regular intervals along the main root. Here, we show that Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) SKP2B (for S-Phase Kinase-Associated Protein2B), an F-box protein, negatively regulates cell cycle and lateral root formation as it represses meristematic and founder cell divisions. ...
Lan Ping - - 2012
Phosphate (Pi) deficiency impairs plant growth and productivity in many agricultural ecosystems, causing severe reductions in crop yield. To uncover novel aspects in acclimation to Pi starvation, we investigated the correlation between Pi deficiency-induced changes in transcriptome and proteome profiles in Arabidopsis roots. Using exhaustive tandem mass spectrometry-based shotgun proteomics ...
Alatorre-Cobos Fulgencio - - 2012
In Arabidopsis thaliana, XIPOTL1 encodes a phosphoethanolamine N-methyltransferase with a central role in phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis via the methylation pathway. To gain further insights into the mechanisms that regulate XIPOTL1 expression, the effect of upstream open reading frame 30 (uORF30) on the translation of the major ORF (mORF) in the presence ...
Ko Seon-Yle - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease that affects connective tissue attachments and the supporting bone that surrounds the teeth. Gingival fibroblasts induce the overexpression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), which is involved in inflammatory progression in periodontitis. Osteoclasts are responsible for skeletal modeling and remodeling but may also destroy bone in ...
Cowley Michael M Department of Medical & Molecular Genetics, King's College London, 8th Floor Tower Wing, Guy's Hospital, London SE1 9RT, - - 2012
Alternative polyadenylation increases transcriptome diversity by generating multiple transcript isoforms from a single gene. It is thought that this process can be subject to epigenetic regulation, but few specific examples of this have been reported. We previously showed that the Mcts2/H13 locus is subject to genomic imprinting and that alternative ...
Wolf M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies indicate that high mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) can be released by necrotic and damaged cells and functions as an alarmin that is recognized by the innate immune system. Little is known about the role of HMGB1 within the periodontal ligament (PDL). Therefore, we examined HMGB1 ...
Higa Ataru - - 2012
Riboflavin secretion by Hyoscyamus albus hairy roots under Fe deficiency was examined to determine where riboflavin is produced and whether production occurs via an enhancement of riboflavin biosynthesis or a stimulation of flavin mononucleotide (FMN) hydrolysis. Confocal fluorescent microscopy showed that riboflavin was mainly localized in the epidermis and cortex ...
Choi In Soon - - 2012
Background:Nitric oxide (NO) could be a potential target for the development of new therapeutic approaches to the treatment of periodontal disease, because this molecule plays a significant role in the tissue destruction observed in periodontitis. In this study, we attempted to investigate the effect of kaempferol on the production of ...
de Klerk Eleonora - - 2012
The choice for a polyadenylation site determines the length of the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTRs) of an mRNA. Inclusion or exclusion of regulatory sequences in the 3'-UTR may ultimately affect gene expression levels. Poly(A) binding protein nuclear 1 (PABPN1) is involved in polyadenylation of pre-mRNAs. An alanine repeat expansion in PABPN1 ...
Chen Cai-Yun - - 2012
NEL-like protein 1 (NELL1) is a newly identified secreted protein involved in craniosynostosis and has been found to promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of NELL1 on osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) and the potential underlying ...
Dommisch Henrik - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Human beta-defensins (hBDs) and the C-C chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20) produced by gingival epithelial cells (GECs) and fibroblasts (HGFs) are antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that play an important role in innate immunity. The aim of this study was to determine the differential immune response of GECs and HGFs to the ...
Kanei Mari - - 2012
In seed plants, the shoot apical and root apical meristems form at the apical and basal poles of the embryonic axis, and leaves form at the flanks of the shoot apical meristem. ANGUSTIFOLIA3/GRF INTERACTING FACTOR1 (AN3/GIF1) encodes a putative transcriptional co-activator involved in various aspects of shoot development, including the ...
Pang Jing - - 2012
It is widely accepted that chronic hyperglycemia induces DNA oxidative damage in type 2 diabetes, but little is known about the effect of hyperglycemia on the DNA repair system which plays a critical role in the maintenance of genomic DNA stability in diabetes. To investigate the alteration of base excision ...
Hsu Yun Yen - - 2012
In this study, we examined the effect of biliverdin (BV), a product of heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzed reaction, on lateral root (LR) formation in rice. Treatment with BV induced LR formation and HO activity. As well, BV, could induce OsHO1 mRNA expression. Zn protoporphyrin IX (the specific inhibitor of HO) ...
Hewezi Tarek - - 2012
The beet cyst nematode, Heterodera schachtii, is a sedentary root parasite that induces the formation of a specialized root feeding structure, the syncytium. We previously have shown that coordinated regulation of miR396 and its target genes GRF1 and GRF3 in the syncytium is required for proper formation. To gain a ...
Voleti Bhavya - - 2012
C-reactive protein (CRP), a plasma protein of the innate immune system, is produced by hepatocytes. A critical regulatory region (-42 to -57) on the CRP promoter contains binding site for the IL-6-activated transcription factor C/EBPβ. The IL-1β-activated transcription factor NF-κB binds to a κB site located nearby (-63 to -74). ...
Wu Chengtie - - 2012
To achieve the ultimate goal of periodontal tissue engineering, it is of great importance to develop bioactive scaffolds which could stimulate the osteogenic/cementogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) for the favorable regeneration of alveolar bone, root cementum, and periodontal ligament. Strontium (Sr) and Sr-containing biomaterials have been found to ...
Shukla Ashutosh K - - 2012
Abstract Comparative transcriptome study of the leaf and root tissues of Catharanthus roseus is a prerequisite for causing any favorable tissue-specific change in the secondary metabolism of this species. This study was aimed at comparative analysis of the leaf and root cDNAs in C. roseus, using a cDNA-AFLP approach. Using ...
Ding Pei-Hui - - 2012
LPS-binding protein (LBP) functions as a crucial molecule in innate immune responses to bacterial challenge. Our study has shown the expression of LBP in human gingiva and its significant association with periodontal health and disease. Porphyromonas gingivalis is a key pathogen of periodontal disease. P. gingivalis LPS as a main ...
Chen Xu - - 2012
The dynamic spatial and temporal distribution of the crucial plant signaling molecule auxin is achieved by feedback coordination of auxin signaling and intercellular auxin transport pathways [1, 2]. Developmental roles of auxin have been attributed predominantly to its effect on transcription; however, an alternative pathway involving AUXIN BINDING PROTEIN1 (ABP1) ...
Goh Tatsuaki - - 2012
In Arabidopsis thaliana, lateral root (LR) formation is regulated by multiple auxin/indole-3-acetic acid (Aux/IAA)-AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR (ARF) modules: (i) the IAA28-ARFs module regulates LR founder cell specification; (ii) the SOLITARY-ROOT (SLR)/IAA14-ARF7-ARF19 module regulates nuclear migration and asymmetric cell divisions of the LR founder cells for LR initiation; and (iii) the ...
Guyomarc'h S - - 2012
Root system architecture plays an important role in determining nutrient and water acquisition and is modulated by endogenous and environmental factors, resulting in considerable developmental plasticity. The orientation of primary root growth in response to gravity (gravitropism) has been studied extensively, but little is known about the behaviour of lateral ...
Guatelli-Steinberg Debbie - - 2012
Physiological stress, such as malnutrition or illness, can disrupt normal enamel growth, resulting in linear enamel hypoplasias (LEHs). Although ecological factors may contribute to LEH expression, other factors, such as surface abrasion and enamel growth variables, are also likely to be involved. Attention to these other factors is necessary before ...
Lacruz Rodrigo S - - 2012
Fully mature enamel is about 98% mineral by weight. While mineral crystals appear very early during its formative phase, the newly secreted enamel is a soft gel-like matrix containing several enamel matrix proteins of which the most abundant is amelogenin (Amelx). Histological analysis of mineralized dental enamel reveals markings called ...
Feng Junsheng - - 2012
Amelogenin is the most abundant matrix protein in enamel. Proper amelogenin processing by proteinases is necessary for its biological functions during amelogenesis. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is responsible for the turnover of matrix components. The relationship between MMP-9 and amelogenin during tooth development remains unknown. We tested the hypothesis that ...
De Nisi Patrizia - - 2012
The regulation exerted by the Fe status in the plant on Fe deficiency responses was investigated in Cucumis sativus L. roots at both biochemical and molecular levels. Besides the two activities strictly correlated with Fe deficiency response, those of the Fe(III)-chelate reductase and the high affinity Fe transporter, we considered also ...
Pereira Alexandre Lustosa - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Some previous studies have shown that gingipains, trypsin-like proteases produced by Porphyromonas gingivalis, up-regulate human β defensin-2 (HBD-2) mRNA expression through protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR(2)) in gingival epithelial cells. This study aimed at investigating salivary HBD-2 levels and crevicular PAR(2) mRNA expression in human chronic periodontitis and evaluating whether periodontal ...
Nowwarote Nunthawan - - 2012
Asiaticoside, an active ingredient extracted from Centella asiatica, has been widely used to promote wound healing. In this study, the effects of asiaticoside on proliferation, protein synthesis, and osteogenic differentiation in human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLs) were investigated. HPDLs were treated with asiaticoside at concentrations of 25, 50, and 100 ...
Guo Dongliang - - 2012
Previous study indicated that increasing endogenous abscisic acid (ABA) level could inhibit the lateral root (LR) formation of peanuts. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms by which ABA regulated lateral root primordia (LRP) initiation in peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L). Results suggested that ABA inhibited LRP initiation through blocking G1-to-S ...
Langlais David - - 2012
Transcription factor recruitment to genomic sites of action is primarily due to direct protein:DNA interactions. The subsequent recruitment of coregulatory complexes leads to either transcriptional activation or repression. In contrast to this canonical scheme, some transcription factors, such as the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), behave as transcriptional repressors when recruited to ...
Moerman-Herzog Andréa M - - 2012
Previous genetic studies have shown that a C/T polymorphism at position -889 of the IL1A promoter, specifically allele 2 (-889T), increases the risk for development of several inflammation-related disorders, such as periodontitis, osteomyelitis, toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis, contact dermatitis, as well as neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. We sought to determine ...
Lembke Carolina Gimiliani - - 2012
Sugarcane is an important sugar and energy crop that can be used efficiently for biofuels production. The development of sugarcane cultivars tolerant to drought could allow for the expansion of plantations to sub-prime regions. Knowledge on the mechanisms underlying drought responses and its relationship with carbon partition would greatly help ...
Ge Yaneng - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The rodent incisor cervical loop and molar Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) are common models used for investigating tooth root generation. The purpose of the present study was to gain a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms mediating root development by determining the distinctive gene and protein expression profiles ...
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