Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1421
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ahmed Mohamed Mohamed MM Department of Biochemistry, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sadat City, Egypt; Department of Biotechnology, College of Science, Taif University, Saudi - - 2014
This study was conducted on mice to evaluate the radioprotective role of l-carnitine against γ-ray irradiation-induced testicular damage. Adult male mice were exposed to whole body irradiation at a total dose of 1Gy. Radiation exposure was continued 24h a day (0.1Gy/day) throughout the 10 days exposure period either in the ...
Iida Yuuki Y Department of Biological Information, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, - - 2014
Background: Ectodysplasin (Eda) signaling is essential for the morphogenesis of several ectodermal appendages. Results: Here, we report a medaka mutant, all-fin less (afl), which has a nonsense mutation in its eda gene. The adult afl fish displayed various abnormalities of its dermal skeleton, such as short and twisted fin rays, ...
Frädrich Claudia - - 2013
AlsR from Bacillus subtilis, a member of the LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) family, regulates the transcription of the alsSD operon encoding enzymes involved in acetoin biosynthesis. LTTRs represent the largest known family of transcriptional regulators in bacteria. In this study, AlsR82-302S100A, representing the effector domain, was produced in Escherichia coli, ...
Offen Nils - - 2013
In poeciliid fish the male anal fin has been transformed into a gonopodium, an intromittent organ required for internal fertilization. Elevated testosterone levels induce metamorphosis of a subset of anal fin rays to grow and form the specialized terminal structures of the gonopodium. The molecular mechanisms underlying these processes are ...
Lee Yeon Ju - - 2012
Low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) plays an important role in the cholesterol homeostasis. We examined the possible circadian regulation of LDLR and mechanism(s) underlying it. In mice, blood glucose and plasma triglyceride, total and high density lipoprotein cholesterol varied distinctively throughout a day. In addition, LDLR mRNA oscillated in the ...
Bénazet Jean-Denis - - 2012
SMAD4 is an essential mediator of canonical TGFβ/BMP signal transduction and we inactivated Smad4 in mouse limb buds from early stages onward to study its functions in the mesenchyme. While this Smad4 inactivation did not alter the early Sox9 distribution, prefiguring the chondrogenic primordia of the stylopod and zeugopod, it ...
Sonoki Kazuo K Department of Oral Health Management, School of Oral Health Sciences, Kyushu Dental College, Kitakyushu, Japan. - - 2012
Group V secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-V) hydrolyzes phosphatidylcholine in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to increase lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) content. Because in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα)-induced sPLA2-V expression, and LPC content in LDL and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 mRNA were enhanced by incubation of LDL with TNFα-stimulated ...
Rana Tanmoy - - 2012
The present study was undertaken to investigate the protective effect of Pleurotus florida lectin (PFL) against arsenic-induced cytotoxicity and oxidative damages in freshly isolated splenocytes of rodents. Our finding indicated that arsenic caused reduction in cell adhesion, morphological alterations, cell proliferation, nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) index, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, ...
Hot Arnaud - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Statins are widely used for primary and secondary prevention of coronary atherosclerosis. Simvastatin, besides its lipid lowering properties, has various anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of this study was to assess whether simvastatin modulates the vascular effects of interleukin (IL)-17, an emerging actor in atherosclerosis. METHODS: The effect of simvastatin ...
Chehade Joe M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic dyslipidemia is an important risk factor for the development of macrovascular complications. Recent clinical trials suggest that diabetics treated with glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) have normalized lipid levels, including an increase in plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc) levels. METHODS: To determine if GLP-1 (7-36 amide) and the GLP-1-like insulinotropic ...
Chan L-S - - 2012
Ginsenoside-Rb1 (Rb1), one of the bioactive components in ginseng extract, is recently reported to be able to promote adipogenesis and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) expression. Meanwhile, microRNA-27b (miR-27b) is also identified to regulate adipogenesis by targeting PPARγ2. In the present study, we attempted to link up the Rb1-promoted adipogenesis ...
Zhou Lei - - 2012
PERILIPIN5 (PLIN5) is a newly discovered member of the PAT family that regulates cellular neutral lipid stores and use. It is expressed in highly oxidative tissues and is induced during fasting. Like other members of the PAT family, PERILIPIN5 expression is also regulated by PPARα. However, its induction by fasting ...
Liu Yanlong - - 2012
Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21) is a potential metabolic regulator with multiple beneficial effects on metabolic diseases. FGF21 is mainly expressed in the liver, but is also found in other tissues including the intestine, which expresses β-klotho abundantly. The intestine is a unique organ that operates in a physiologically hypoxic environment, ...
Watanabe Takenori - - 2012
Annexin A3 is a protein belonging to the annexin family, and it is mainly present in cellular membranes as a phospholipid-binding protein that binds via the calcium ion. However, its physiological function remains to be clarified. So we examined the expression of annexin A3 in mouse tissues and found for ...
Sun Chongxiu - - 2012
A high-fat diet accompanied by hypertriglyceridemia increases an individual's risk for development of atherosclerosis. An early event in this process is monocyte recruitment through binding to vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) upregulated on inflamed arterial endothelium. Diets high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may provide athero-protection by ameliorating this ...
Gormsen Lars Christian - - 2012
CONTEXT: Estradiol promotes and maintains the female phenotype characterized by subcutaneous (sc) fat accumulation. There is evidence to suggest that this effect is due to increased anti-lipolytic α2A-adrenergic receptors, but whether this requires long-term exposure to estradiol or is an immediate effect is not clear. Objective: To study acute effects ...
Takwi Apana A L - - 2012
c-Myc dysregulation is one of the most common abnormalities found in human cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are functionally intertwined with the c-Myc network as multiple miRNAs are regulated by c-Myc, while others directly suppress c-Myc expression. In this work, we identified miR-33b as a primate-specific negative regulator of c-Myc. The human ...
Patel Harsh - - 2013
Recent evidence indicates that metformin, a biguanide used as first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes, prevents the conversion of carcinogen-induced oral dysplasias into head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), most likely by inhibiting mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) oncogenic signaling. Whether metformin acts directly at the primary ...
Benedito-Palos Laura - - 2012
The effect of ration size on muscle fatty acid (FA) composition and mRNA expression levels of key regulatory enzymes of lipid and lipoprotein metabolism have been addressed in juveniles of gilthead sea bream fed a practical diet over the course of an 11-week trial. The experimental setup included three feeding ...
Qin Bolin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence suggests that dietary factors may affect the expression of multiple genes and signaling pathways, which regulate intestinal lipoprotein metabolism. The small intestine is actively involved in the regulation of dietary lipid absorption, intracellular transport, and metabolism and is closely linked to systemic lipid metabolism. Cinnamon polyphenols have ...
Hu Yan-Wei - - 2012
Abstract Objective: We aimed to investigate whether vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) influences apolipoprotein M (ApoM) expression and pre-β-high-density lipoprotin (HDL) formation, and whether forkhead box A2 (Foxa2) and Nur77 are involved in this process. Methods and Results: We analyzed the serum VEGF concentrations of 264 adults who underwent a ...
Ahn Eun-Kyung - - 2012
Adenophora triphylla var. japonica (Campanulaceae) is known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-tussive effects. Dysfunction of adipocytes and adipose tissue in obesity is related to various inflammatory cytokines or adipokines. In this study, we investigated whether lupenone isolated from A. triphylla var. japonica extract inhibits adipocyte differentiation and expression of adipogenic ...
Kruse Maria Sol - - 2012
Liver X receptor (LXR) α and β are nuclear receptors that are crucial for the regulation of the carbohydrate and lipid metabolisms. Activation of LXRs in the brain facilitates cholesterol clearance and improves cognitive deficits, thus they are considered as promising drug targets to treat diseases such as atherosclerosis and ...
Sun Jiahang - - 2012
Status epilepticus (SE) causes neuronal loss and apoptosis by inducing several apoptosis-regulatory genes. Two such genes, cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3 (caspase-3), an apoptosis activator, and B-cell leukemia-2 (Bcl-2), an apoptosis suppressor, are tightly regulated for their expression and activation. Statins, inhibitors of HMG-CoA reductase, have been recently recognized as neuroprotective drugs. ...
Li X - - 2012
The process of lipolysis is essential for regulating the catabolism of cellular fat stores. Therefore, knowledge of lipolysis contributes to improving porcine production, such as reducing back fat, enhancing lean meat, and controlling marbling. Comparative gene identification-58 (CGI-58) plays an important role in the multi-enzyme-mediated process of lipolysis. It was ...
van der Vos Kristan E - - 2012
The PI(3)K-PKB-FOXO signalling network provides a major intracellular hub for the regulation of cell proliferation, survival and stress resistance. Here we report an unexpected role for FOXO transcription factors in regulating autophagy by modulating intracellular glutamine levels. To identify transcriptional targets of this network, we performed global transcriptional analyses after ...
Ho Jin-Nyoung - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Kefir, a traditional fermented milk composed of microbial symbionts, is reported to have various health benefits such as anti-tumour, anti-inflammatory, anti-neoplastic and pro-digestive effects. In this study, to elucidate the effects of kefir on adipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation, three fractions were prepared from kefir culture broth. The inhibitory ...
Freise Christian - - 2012
Obesity and its associated health risks still demand for effective therapeutic strategies. Drugs and compositions derived from Oriental medicine such as green tea polyphenols attract growing attention. Previously, an extract from the Japanese spice bush Lindera obtusiloba (L. obtusiloba) traditionally used for treatment of inflammation and prevention of liver damage ...
Rosmaninho-Salgado Joana - - 2012
We evaluated the effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPPIV), and its inhibitor, vildagliptin, on adipogenesis and lipolysis in a pre-adipocyte murine cell line (3T3-L1). The exogenous rDPPIV increased lipid accumulation and PPAR-γ expression, whereas an inhibitor of DPPIV, the anti-diabetic drug vildagliptin, suppresses the stimulatory role of DPPIV on adipogenesis and ...
Zerenturk Eser J - - 2012
3β-Hydroxysterol Δ24-reductase (DHCR24) catalyzes a final step in cholesterol synthesis, and has been ascribed diverse functions, such as being anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory. How this enzyme is regulated transcriptionally by sterols is currently unclear. Some studies have suggested that its expression is regulated by Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Proteins (SREBPs) whilst ...
Chigusa Yoshitsugu - - 2012
Context:Serum concentration of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is higher in women with preeclampsia than in normal pregnant woman. Lectin-like oxLDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) is one of the scavenger receptors for oxLDL and is abundantly expressed in placenta. It is well known that oxLDL activates nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), ...
Chen Yi-Tzai YT Department of Biomedical Sciences, Center for Pharmacogenomics and Molecular Therapy, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, - - 2012
Carboxylesterase-1 (CES1), the most versatile human carboxylesterase, plays critical roles in drug metabolism and lipid mobilization. This enzyme is highly induced by antioxidants and sensitizers in various cell lines. These compounds are known to activate nuclear factor-E2 related factor-2 (Nrf2) by reacting to kelch-like ECH-associated protein-1 (Keap1). The aims of ...
Song Young Mi - - 2012
Induction of autophagy is known not only to regulate cellular homeostasis but also to decrease triglyceride accumulation in hepatocytes. The aim of this study is to investigate whether DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide) has a beneficial role in free fatty acid-induced hepatic fat accumulation.   In HepG2 cells, treatment with 0.5 mM ...
Sokalska Anna - - 2012
Recently we reported that statins, the competitive inhibitors of the key enzyme regulating the mevalonate pathway, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR), decrease proliferation of human endometrial stromal (HES) cells. Furthermore, we found that simvastatin treatment reduces the number and the size of endometrial implants in a nude mouse model of endometriosis. ...
Hussain M Mahmood MM Departments of Cell Biology and Pediatrics, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA. - - 2012
To summarize the new knowledge about the regulation of dietary lipid absorption by circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (Clock) and Nocturnin. Recent findings have shown that Clock and Nocturnin, proteins involved in circadian regulation, play an important role in the regulation of dietary lipid absorption. Clock deficiency increases, whereas Nocturnin ...
Seo Min-Jung - - 2012
Grateloupia lanceolata (Okamura) Kawaguchi is a red alga native to coastal areas of East Asia. The effect of a G. lanceolata extract on lipid accumulation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in 3T3-L1 cells was assessed by examining adipogenic transcription factors and ROS-regulating genes at the molecular level. An ethanol ...
Yoon Byung-Koo - - 2012
The balance between tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) regulates fibrinolysis. PAI-1 expression increases in atherosclerotic arteries and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are one of major constituents of atheroma. We investigated the impact of lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC), an active component of oxidized low-density lipoprotein, on ...
Betz M J - - 2012
The melanocortin system is involved in central and peripheral regulation of energy homeostasis. In adipocytes, the melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R) transmits ACTH-dependent signaling and its expression rises substantially during adipocyte differentiation. An in vitro system of retrovirally expressed shRNA directed against Mc2r mRNA in 3T3-L1 cells was established and effects ...
Chang Chia-Chu - - 2012
Statin therapy may improve responsiveness to erythropoietin-stimulating agents in patients with end-stage renal disease. Although statins increase hepatic iron uptake and storage capacity in cholestatic rats, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Therefore, we examined the effects of a statin (simvastatin) on the expression of hepcidin, erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) and erythropoietin ...
Miller B T - - 2012
The type 2 iodothyronine selenodeiodinase (D2) is a critical determinant of local thyroid signaling, converting T(4) to the active form T(3) at the cytoplasmic face of the endoplasmic reticulum, thus supplying the nucleus with T(3) without immediately affecting circulating thyroid hormone levels. Although inhibitors of the cholesterol synthesis/isoprenylation pathway, such ...
Wang Qiu-Ping - - 2012
Influence of large molecular polymeric pigments (LMPP) isolated from fermented Zijuan tea on the activity and mRNA expression of key enzymes involved in lipid metabolism in rat was explored. The results show that intragastric infusion of high-dose LMPP (1.215g/kg body weight) effectively suppressed the elevation in TC and LDL-C (P<0.05), ...
Nunes Maria João - - 2012
The CYP46A1 gene codes for the cholesterol 24-hydroxylase, a cytochrome P450 specifically expressed in neurons and responsible for the majority of cholesterol turnover in the central nervous system. Previously, we have demonstrated the critical participation of Sp transcription factors in the CYP46A1 response to histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, and in ...
Mrad May F - - 2012
Statins, inhibitors of HMG CoA reductase, have pleiotropic effects independent of their capacity to lower cholesterol. Heme-oxygenase-1(HO-1) plays an important role as an anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory enzyme. In the present study, we used NIH 3T3 cells which express HO-1 to investigate the molecular mechanisms of HO-1 induction by statins. Simvastatin ...
Baker Joseph F - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinases are catabolic enzymes that play a key role in the articular cartilage degeneration evident in degenerative and inflammatory conditions of articular cartilage. The aim of this study is to assess the ability of pravastatin to modify matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) messenger RNA (mRNA) expression and enzyme activity in a ...
Vomhof-Dekrey Emilie E - - 2012
Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) pathway responds to oxidative stress via control of several antioxidant defense gene expressions. Recent efforts demonstrate that Nrf2 modulates development of adiposity and adipogenesis. One of the major Nrf2 regulated proteins, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), is implicated in the development ...
Liu Ying-Hua - - 2012
A further investigation of the lipolysis induced by medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) was conducted on C57BL/6J mice fed with a diet containing 2% MCT or 2% long-chain triglyceride (LCT). Blood norepinephrine, body fat and blood lipid variables, and the protein or mRNA expression of the genes relevant to lipolysis were measured ...
García Isabel Mercedes - - 2012
Evidence suggesting that statins may contribute to renoprotection has been provided in experimental and clinical studies. Statins restore endothelial nitric oxide (NO) levels by mechanisms including up-regulation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) expression. Caveolin-1/eNOS interaction is essential preventing inadequate NO levels. Here, we evaluated whether caveolin-1 associated with eNOS/Hsp70 expression ...
Lobo Sylvia Madeira de Vergueiro - - 2012
PURPOSE: Systemic inflammatory conditions, as seen in obesity and in the metabolic syndrome, are associated with high plasmatic levels of proatherogenic and prothromboticadipokines and low levels of adiponectin. Inhibitors of HMG-CoA reductase have beneficial effects in reducing cardiovascular events attributed predominantly to its lipid-lowering effects and recent studies suggest that ...
Ji So-Young - - 2012
Adipocyte differentiation plays a pivotal role in the progression of obesity which is a major risk factor for several diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and coronary heart disease. In this study, the inhibitory effect of rhamnetin, a flavonoid compound, on adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells was investigated. Rhamnetin decreased the accumulation ...
Hoang Minh-Hien - - 2012
Taurine, which is abundant in seafood, has antiatherogenic activities in both animals and humans; however, its molecular target has been elusive. We examined whether taurine could activate liver X receptor-α (LXR-α), a critical transcription factor in the regulation of reverse cholesterol transport in macrophages. Taurine bound directly to LXR-α in ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >