Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2012
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Van Hul Noémi K M NK Laboratory of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, - - 2009
In chronic liver injury, liver progenitor cells (LPCs) proliferate in the periportal area, migrate inside the lobule, and undergo further differentiation. This process is associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. We analyzed LPC expansion and matrix accumulation in a choline-deficient, ethionine-supplemented (CDE) model of LPC proliferation. After day 3, CDE ...
Norris Russell A RA Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA. - - 2009
Differentiation of prevalvular mesenchyme into valve fibroblasts is an integral step towards the development of functionally mature cardiac valves. Although clinically relevant, little is known regarding the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which this process proceeds. Genes that are regulated in a spatio-temporal pattern during valve remodeling are candidates for ...
Zhou J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible correlation between integrin alpha1, alpha2, and beta1 expression and excessive collagen synthesis in fibroblasts from 3 unrelated Chinese families with hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF). DESIGN: Gingival fibroblasts from three Chinese HGF patients and three healthy subjects were included. The expression of alpha1, alpha2, and beta1 ...
Young Robert D RD Structural Biophysics Group, School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales, United - - 2009
Klf4, one of the highly expressed transcription factors in the mouse cornea, plays an important role in maturation and maintenance of the ocular surface. In this study, the structure and proteoglycan composition of the Klf4 conditional null (Klf4CN) corneal stroma was investigated, to further characterize the previously reported Klf4CN stromal ...
Mann Jelena - - 2009
Hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation is a process of cellular transdifferentiation in which, upon liver injury, the quiescent vitamin A storing perisinusoidal HSC is converted into a wound-healing myofibroblast and acquires potent pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrogenic activities. This remarkable phenotypic transformation is underpinned by changes in the expression of a vast ...
Meltendorf Christian - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine expression of the profibrotic cytokine TGF-beta1 after selective intrastromal corneal injury with the use of a femtosecond laser. METHODS: Rabbits underwent monocular intrastromal keratotomy at a preoperatively determined corneal depth of 160 to 200 mum with the use of a femtosecond laser. Femtosecond laser-induced TGF-beta1 expression was ...
Wilkins-Port Cynthia E CE Center for Cell Biology and Cancer Research, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York 12208, - - 2009
The phenotypic switching called epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition is frequently associated with epithelial tumor cell progression from a comparatively benign to an aggressive, invasive malignancy. Coincident with the emergence of such cellular plasticity is an altered response to transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) as well as epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor amplification. TGF-beta ...
Brellier F - - 2009
Tenascins are glycoproteins found in the extracellular matrix (ECM) of many tissues. Their role is not only to support the tissue structurally but also to regulate the fate of the different cell types populating the ECM. For instance, tenascins are required when active tissue modeling during embryogenesis or re-modeling after ...
Philips Neena - - 2009
The extracellular matrix (ECM) that gives tissue its structural integrity is remodeled in skin aging/photoaging and cancer via the increased expression/activities of matrixmetalloproteinases (MMP), inhibition of the tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP), or inhibition of collagen synthesis. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), a predominant regulator of the ECM, is inhibited ...
Samiric Tom - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the chemical levels and mRNA expression of proteoglycan and collagen in normal human patellar tendons and tendons exhibiting chronic overuse tendinopathy. METHODS: Sulfated glycosaminoglycan and hydroxyproline content were investigated by spectrophotometric measurement using papain-digested samples. Deglycosylated proteoglycan core proteins were analysed by Western blot using specific antibodies. ...
Itoi Yurie - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate which of the three readily available scaffold materials would be suitable for adipose tissue engineering when implanted with adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) in vivo. ASCs isolated from green fluorescence protein (GFP) transgenic mice were incubated in an adipogenic medium and then seeded ...
Zhong Hua - - 2009
The aim of the study was to present the possible mechanisms of transforming growth factor beta 1(TGF-beta1) signal pathway during cell differentiation by studying the expression levels of six components of TGF-beta1 pathway (TGF-beta1, two TGF-beta1 receptors and three Smad proteins). The morphology change, the CD11 expression levels, and the ...
Espira Leon - - 2009
The transcription factor scleraxis has been implicated in regulating the development of collagen-rich tissues such as tendons and cardiac valves, but its role in general collagen synthesis in the heart is unknown. Scleraxis expression in cardiac fibroblasts was examined, and its ability to regulate gene expression of collagen I alpha ...
Riser Bruce L - - 2009
Fibrosis is a major cause of end-stage renal disease, and although initiation factors have been elucidated, uncertainty concerning the downstream pathways has hampered the development of anti-fibrotic therapies. CCN2 (CTGF) functions downstream of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, driving increased extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation and fibrosis. We examined the possibility that ...
Aoki Tomohiro - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Reduced extracellular matrix is a prominent feature of cerebral aneurysms (CAs). We previously reported excessive ECM degradation in CA walls. In the present study, we examined collagen biosynthesis in CA walls and the molecular mechanisms underlying it in CA progression. METHODS AND RESULTS: RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry showed reduced expression ...
Tian W X - - 2009
Tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) is characterized by expansion of the proximal growth plates of the tibiotarsus that fail to form bone, lack blood vessels, and contain non-viable cells. Thiram (a carbamate pesticide), when fed to young broiler chicks, induces TD with high regularity and precision. We used this experimental model to ...
Ebihara Nobuyuki - - 2009
The interaction of fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 (Fn14) and, its ligand tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) is known to be important in wound healing of tissues. However, to our knowledge, expression and function of Fn14 in corneal myofibroblasts, which have a crucial role in wound healing of ...
Poduval P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is characterized by atrophy and malfunction of the acinar cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether type IV collagen alpha-chain composition of acinar cell compartments could be abnormal in diseased glands. METHODS: Messenger RNA (mRNA) from human submandibular gland (HSG) cells, cultured with ...
Moles Anna - - 2009
Cathepsins have been best characterized in tumorigenesis and cell death and implicated in liver fibrosis; however, whether cathepsins directly regulate hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation and proliferation, hence modulating their fibrogenic potential, is largely unknown. Here, we show that expression of cathepsin B (CtsB) and cathepsin D (CtsD) is negligible ...
Cooney Timothy E - - 2009
Burgeoning evidence suggests that the hormone relaxin modulates collagen in the extracellular matrix of diverse tissues. In separate lines of study, we provide further substantiation of this hypothesis. Immunofluorescence was used to probe isolated fibroblasts derived from volar oblique ligament explant culture for vimentin, actin, RXFP1, and estrogen receptor beta. ...
Ohno Tsunehisa - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the expression of genes coding transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and c-Met, its membrane-spanning tyrosine kinase receptor, during the inflammatory, proliferative, and remodeling phases of wound healing in the injured rat vocal fold. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective animal study. METHODS: Thirty five rats were involved ...
Thangjam G S - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Oral submucous fibrosis, a disease of collagen disorder, has been attributed to arecoline present in the saliva of betel quid chewers. However, the molecular basis of the action of arecoline in the pathogenesis of oral submucous fibrosis is poorly understood. The basic aim of our study was ...
Navarro Angels - - 2009
Acute lung injury involving extremely immature lungs often heals without excessive fibrosis unlike later in gestation and in adults. Several factors may be involved, but fibroblast contraction of collagen has been linked to the level of wound fibrosis. To assess whether human lung fibroblasts of fetal versus adult origin differ ...
Chen Jian - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the role of Rho GTPase signaling in FGF-2- and TGF-beta1-induced activation of corneal keratocytes. METHODS: Keratocytes isolated from rabbit corneal stroma and plated in a serum-free medium were treated with FGF-2/heparin or TGF-beta1 in the presence or absence of Rho inhibitor (C3 exoenzyme) or ROCK (Rho kinase) ...
Quintanilla-Dieck Maria J - - 2009
Cathepsin K (catK) is a lysosomal cysteine protease with strong collagenolytic activity well known to mediate bone resorption in osteoclasts. Recently, catK has also been reported to be expressed in other tissues. In the dermis, it is expressed only under certain circumstances such as scarring or inflammation. We therefore investigated ...
de Mos Marieke M Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Department of Orthopaedics, Room Ee1618, PO Box 1738, Rotterdam 3015 GE, The Netherlands. - - 2009
Treatment of midportion Achilles tendinopathy is hampered by limited knowledge of the pathophysiology. Chondrogenic differentiation of tendon cells might take place in midportion Achilles tendinopathy and could be used as a target for drug treatment. An in vitro model for chondrogenic differentiation would be useful to evaluate existing and future ...
Gressner Olav A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recently, we identified hepatocytes as the major cellular source of profibrogenic connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) in the liver. Based on reports of a hepatoprotective effect of coffee consumption, we were the first to provide evidence that caffeine suppresses transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta dependent and -independent CTGF expression in ...
Meenakshi Janakiraman - - 2009
Over production of collagen and its abnormal assembly is the hallmark of abnormal scars such as keloids, a condition which reflects fibrosis of the skin. Fibrotic conditions of organs such as liver, lungs and eyes are characterized by low levels of decorin, a member of the small leucine proteoglycan family, ...
Elkareh Jihad - - 2009
The cardiotonic steroid marinobufagenin (MBG) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of experimental uremic cardiomyopathy, which is characterized by progressive cardiac fibrosis. We examined whether the transcription factor Friend leukemia integration-1 (Fli-1) might be involved in this process. Fli-1-knockdown mice demonstrated greater cardiac collagen-1 expression and fibrosis compared with wild-type ...
Samarin Jana - - 2009
The biological activity of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF, CCN2) is regulated at the level of intracellular signaling leading to gene expression, and by its extracellular interaction partners which determine the functional outcome of CCN2 action. In this overview, we summarize the data which provide evidence that one of the ...
Söderberg Marie Westergren - - 2009
Few studies are performed on the sustainability of the pelvic floor extracellular matrix important for preventing development of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Collagens I and III, the elastin-associated proteins fibrillin-1 and fibulin-5 and the small leucine-rich repeat proteoglycans (SLRPs) decorin, lumican and fibromodulin are involved in giving the tissue its ...
Ohno Tsunehisa - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To measure the expression of procollagen-I and -III, decorin, and hyaluronan synthase (HAS)-1, -2, and -3 during the inflammatory, proliferative, and remodeling phases of rat vocal fold injury. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, animal model. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Vocal folds were injured in 30 rats. Injured specimens were harvested on postinjury ...
Karydis Anastasios - - 2009
Secretion and assembly of the extracellular matrix protein fibronectin regulates a number of normal cell and tissue functions and is dysregulated in disease states such as fibrosis, diabetes, and cancer. We found that mislocalized scaffolding by the plasma membrane Na-H exchanger NHE1 suppresses fibronectin expression, secretion, and assembly. In fibroblasts, ...
Junglas Benjamin - - 2009
The major structural change in the human trabecular meshwork (TM) of eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is an increase in extracellular matrix (ECM) in the juxtacanalicular region of the TM. There is evidence that treatment with TGF-beta2 causes an induction of ECM deposition in cultured human TM cells and ...
Bring Daniel K-I - - 2009
Healing after mobilization versus immobilization was assessed in a model of rat Achilles tendon rupture, by RT-PCR at 8 and 17 days and by histological analyses at 14 and 28 days postrupture. The expression of mRNA for extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules (collagen type I and type III, versican, decorin, and ...
Wang Wen Jun WJ The Department of Respiratory Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Luzhou Medical College, Luzhou 646000, - - 2009
Previous study showed that aerosolized signal transducer and activator of transcription-1 (STAT1) antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASON) inhibited the expression of STAT1 and ICAM-1 mRNA and protein in alveolar macrophages (AMs) and decreased the concentrations of TGF-beta, PDGF and TNF-alpha in bronchioalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in bleomycin (BLM)-induced rat pulmonary fibrosis. Administration ...
Fritz, Dillon J.
The process of normal wound repair after tissue injury follows a closely regulated sequence involving inflammation, the recruitment, activation and proliferation of fibroblasts and the secretion of extracellular matrix, which culminates in healing and termination of the proliferative and secretory processes.  In pathological fibrosis, the normal healing and termination stages ...
Sharma Ajay A Mason Eye Institute, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65212, - - 2009
Trichostatin A (TSA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, has been shown to suppress TGF-beta-induced fibrogenesis in many nonocular tissues. The authors evaluated TSA cytotoxicity and its antifibrogenic activity on TGF-beta-driven fibrosis in the cornea with the use of in vitro and in vivo models. Human corneal fibroblasts (HSFs) were used for ...
Cherepanova Olga A OA Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Robert M Berne Cardiovascular Research Center, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2009
Phenotypic switching of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is known to play a critical role in the development of atherosclerosis. However, the factors present within lesions that mediate VSMC phenotypic switching are unclear. Oxidized phospholipids (OxPLs), including 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylcholine (POVPC), are active components of minimally modified low density lipoprotein and have ...
Sato Shigehisa - - 2009
The expression of type I collagen, the most component of dentin extracellular matrix proteins (ECMs) in odontoblast is correlated with the activity of dentin formation. Since odontoblast possesses a distinct cellular process for protein transport into the dentinal tubule, it is important to examine the intracellular protein localization. However, a ...
Fuchshofer Rudolf R Institute of Human Anatomy and Embryology, University of Regensburg, Universitätsstr. 31, 93053 Regensburg, - - 2009
A distinct structural change in the trabecular meshwork (TM) of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the increase in fibrillar extracellular matrix (ECM) in the juxtacanalicular region of the TM. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta2 signaling may be involved, as TGF-beta2 is significantly increased in the aqueous humor of patients ...
Oliva Francesco F Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, School of Medicine, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Rome, Italy. - - 2009
The ethiopathogenesis of rotator cuff disease remains poorly understood. Many studies advocate the importance of extra cellular matrix for the homeostasis of connective tissue. Transglutaminase enzymes family has been studied in the context of connective tissue formation and stabilisation. Here, we investigated transglutaminases expression pattern in biopsies of normal and ...
Zhang Guiyun G Department of Pathology, Anatomy & Cell Biology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, - - 2009
Decorin and biglycan are class I small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs) involved in regulation of collagen fibril and matrix assembly. We hypothesize that tissue-specific matrix assembly, such as in the cornea, requires a coordinate regulation involving multiple SLRPs. To this end, we investigated the expression of decorin and biglycan in the ...
Moon Hee Jung - - 2009
UVB reduces type I procollagen levels and increases matrix metalloproteinases-1 (MMP-1) levels in human skin and plays a major role in the process of photoaging. We previously reported that fucoidan inhibits UVB-induced MMP-1 expression at the protein and mRNA levels in human skin fibroblasts (HS68). Yet, the effects of fucoidan ...
Gagliano Nicoletta - - 2009
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a nonprogressive central nervous system lesion clinically characterized by impairment of voluntary movement related to spasticity, time of activation, and strength of skeletal muscle. Altered muscular control may act on tendon structure and influence extracellular matrix homeostasis, in particular, collagen. The effect of spasticity on collagen ...
Fritz Julie-Anne - - 2009
The nematode cuticle is a tough extracellular matrix composed primarily of cross-linked collagens and non-collagenous cuticulins. It is required for nematode motility and protection from the external environment. Little is known about how the complex process of cuticle formation has been adapted to the specialized requirements of the nematode cuticle, ...
del Pilar Alatorre-Carranza María - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis is the result of continuous liver injury stemming from different etiological factors. Bile duct injury induces an altered expression of TGF-beta, which has an important role in liver fibrosis because this cytokine induces the expression of target genes such as collagens, PAI-1, TIMPs, and others that lead ...
Bhattacharyya Swati - - 2009
By stimulating collagen synthesis and myofibroblasts differentiation, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF- beta) plays a pivotal role in tissue repair and fibrosis. The early growth response-1 (Egr-1) transcription factor mediates profibrotic TGF-beta responses, and its expression is elevated in biopsies from patients with scleroderma. NGF1-A-binding protein 2 (Nab2) is a conserved ...
Valin Alexandre - - 2009
Gorlin's or nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) causes predisposition to basal cell carcinoma (BCC), the commonest cancer in adult human. Mutations in the tumor suppressor gene PTCH1 are responsible for this autosomal dominant syndrome. In NBCCS patients, as in the general population, ultraviolet exposure is a major risk factor ...
Byrne James A JA Center for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research and Education, Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, United States of - - 2009
The derivation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) provides new possibilities for basic research and novel cell-based therapies. Limitations, however, include our current lack of understanding regarding the underlying mechanisms and the inefficiency of reprogramming. Here, we report identification and isolation of a subpopulation of human dermal fibroblasts that express ...
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