Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 2012
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Ito Hidetoshi - - 2005
Among the structural components of extracellular matrices (ECM) fibrillar collagens play a critical role, and single amino acid substitutions in these proteins lead to pathological changes in tissues in which they are expressed. Employing a biologically relevant experimental model consisting of cells expressing R75C, R519C, R789C, and G853E procollagen II ...
Ronzière Marie-Claire - - 2005
During endochondral ossification, type I collagen is synthesized by osteoblasts together with some hypertrophic chondrocytes. Type I collagen has also been reported to be progressively synthesized in degenerative joints. Because Matrix Metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) plays an active role in remodeling cartilage in fetal development and osteoarthritic cartilage, we investigated whether type ...
Uchiyama Eiichi E Orthopaedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, - - 2005
One factor believed to contribute to the development of hallux valgus is an abnormality in collagen structure and makeup of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ). We hypothesized that the mechanical properties of the MCL in feet with hallux valgus are significantly different from those ...
Vadasz Zehava - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Lysyl-oxidases catalyze the oxidation of lysine residues in collagen and elastin thereby promoting their polymerization. We have studied here the expression of four lysyl-oxidases in normal and diseased human liver. METHODS: The expression of the different lysyl-oxidases in paraffin embedded liver sections was studied using in-situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. ...
Kaarteenaho-Wiik Riitta - - 2005
The aim of this study was to assess and compare the accumulation and distribution of newly synthesized type I and III collagens in usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) and pulmonary sarcoidosis. Lung biopsies from 10 patients with UIP and 13 patients with sarcoidosis were investigated by immunohistochemical technique and mRNA in ...
Lavagnino Michael - - 2005
An in vitro collagen gel system was used to determine the effect of alterations in cytoskeletal tensional homeostasis on gene expression in tendon cells. Collagen gel matrices, seeded with rat tail tendon cells, underwent cytochalasin D and gel contraction treatments designed to alter the internal cytoskeletal homeostasis of the cells. ...
Jia Fengyan - - 2005
The amount of type III collagen is increased during the early healing stage following ligament and tendon injury. Concomitantly, the mechanical properties of the healing tissues are abnormal and the fibril diameters are homogeneously small. It is therefore thought that downregulating type III collagen gene expression after injury may be ...
Utsunomiya Hiroko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) is a chewing habit-related pre-cancerous condition of the oral mucosa affecting predominantly south Asians. It is histopathologically characterized by epithelial atrophy and fibrosis of the subepithelial connective tissue. Fibrosis extends all the way into the muscle layer, leading to difficulty in mouth opening. However, the ...
Stefanovic Lela - - 2005
KC is a mouse homolog of human chemokine gro-alpha (CXCL1), expression of which is increased in liver diseases. We show that activated, but not quiescent, hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) express KC. Hepatic stellate cells constitutively express the KC receptor, CXCR2. Addition of recombinant KC to HSCs undergoing activation in culture ...
Reynaert Hendrik - - 2005
Previous studies have shown antifibrotic effects of somatostatin. Since hepatic stellate cells (HSC) express somatostatin receptors and play a key role in hepatic fibrogenesis, we investigated the in vitro antifibrotic effect of somatostatin on rat HSC. At day 12 after isolation, cells were exposed to different concentrations of somatostatin (10(-6)-10(-9) ...
Brinckmann J - - 2005
The major pathological processes of systemic scleroderma (SSc) comprise inflammation and microvascular damage in the early or acute progressive stage as well as tissue fibrosis and hypoxia in the chronic end stage. Fibrosis seems to be a general phenomenon characterized by an increase of hydroxylysine aldehyde derived collagen cross-links which ...
Asano Yoshihde - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To confirm the involvement of alphavbeta5 in the self-activation system in systemic sclerosis (SSc) fibroblasts. METHODS: Levels of alphavbeta5 expression were analyzed by immunoprecipitation. The promoter activity of the human alpha2(I) collagen gene was determined by transient transfection assay. Phosphorylation levels and DNA binding ability of Smad3 were investigated ...
Xia L - - 2006
Excess collagen IV expression by mesangial cells contributes to diabetic glomerulosclerosis. We hypothesized that in high glucose reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by NADPH oxidase is PKC dependent and required for collagen IV expression by mesangial cells. In rat mesangial cells cultured in 5 mM (NG) or 25 mM d-glucose ...
Izumi Nobuhiro - - 2006
Mesenchymal cells, primarily fibroblasts and myofibroblasts, are the principal matrix-producing cells during pulmonary fibrogenesis. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta signaling plays an important role in stimulating the expression of type I collagen of these cells. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-7, a member of the TGF-beta superfamily, has been reported to oppose the ...
Fang Yiyu - - 2005
Cigarette smoking has been suggested as a risk factor for several periodontal diseases. It has also been found that smokers respond less favorably than non-smokers to periodontal therapy. Previous work in our lab has shown that nicotine inhibits human gingival cell migration. Since myofibroblasts play an important role in wound ...
Nagai Yukiko - - 2005
Recently, we demonstrated that in rats treated chronically with aldosterone and salt, severe tubulointerstitial fibrosis is associated with the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2). Here, we investigated whether aldosterone stimulates collagen synthesis via ERK1/2-dependent pathways in cultured rat renal fibroblasts. Gene expression of mineralocorticoid ...
Sansilvestri-Morel Patricia - - 2005
An alteration of extracellular matrix is involved in varicose veins. We have previously shown that collagen III production, but not its mRNA expression, is decreased in cultured smooth muscle cells (SMC) from varicose veins, involving an over-production of collagen I. In this study, the mechanisms involved in this collagen III ...
Gallant-Behm Corrie L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Skin wounds in red Duroc pigs heal with the formation of hypercontractile, hyperpigmented scars, similar in some respects to human hypertrophic scars. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to characterize the mRNA expression patterns for a subset of relevant cytokines, growth factors, receptors, and transcription factors involved in ...
Södersten Fredrik - - 2005
The structure and organisation of the extracellular matrix, and in particular the axial alignment of type I collagen fibrils, are essential for the tensile strength of tendons. The resident tenocytes synthesize and maintain the composition of the extracellular matrix, which changes with age and maturation. Other components of the extracellular ...
Sarasa-Renedo A - - 2005
Mechanical forces are essential for connective tissue homeostasis. The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a key role in the transmission of forces generated by the organism (e.g. muscle contraction) and externally applied (e.g. gravity). The expression of specific ECM proteins such as collagens and tenascin-C, as well as of matrix metalloproteinases, ...
Quan Gen - - 2005
Transglutaminase (TGase) has been reported to stabilize tissue inflammation via the mediation of the polymerization of extracellular matrix proteins. A set of cytokines has been implicated in wound healing processes in the dermis. This study was undertaken in order to evaluate the effects of these cytokines on the expression of ...
Svegliati-Baroni Gianluca G Clinica di Gastroenterologia, Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, - - 2005
Acetaldehyde is fibrogenic and induces the expression of type I collagen genes in hepatic stellate cells. Some of these acetaldehyde-dependent events are mediated by H(2)O(2) and thus establish a direct connection between oxidative stress and collagen upregulation. We localized to the -378 to -183 region of the alpha2(I) collagen (COL1A2) ...
Satoh Mamoru - - 2005
Osteopontin (OPN), an extracellular matrix (ECM) protein, plays an important role in myocardial remodeling by promoting collagen synthesis and accumulation in experimental animal models. We hypothesized that OPN could be expressed in myocardial tissues and contribute to collagen accumulation and myocardial dysfunction in human dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Endomyocardial biopsy tissues ...
Darling Eric M - - 2005
We have examined the effects of growth factor stimulation on superficial and growth zone chondrocyte populations. Zonal articular chondrocytes from 8-month-old Spanish goat distal femurs were plated in monolayer cultures and stimulated by using insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1). Gene ...
De Frutos Sergio - - 2005
Glomerular diseases are characterized by an abnormal synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins, such as collagen type I. Evidence that growth on collagen type I downregulates soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) expression and the responsiveness of human mesangial cells to nitric oxide (NO) by activating specific integrin signals involving integrin-linked kinase (ILK) ...
Opalenik Susan R - - 2005
To examine the ontogeny of the wound fibroblast, bone marrow transplantation was performed to wild-type recipients from transgenic donors that express both the luciferase and beta-galactosidase reporter genes under transcriptional control of the promoter/enhancer for the alpha2 chain of type I collagen. Polyvinyl alcohol sponges were implanted to elicit a ...
Zhu Ming Ji - - 2005
Sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) is a bioactive sphingolipid metabolite that can enhance wound healing. In an effort to find downstream effectors of SPC, we performed microarray analysis and found that the expression of the gene for connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) was significantly affected in human skin fibroblasts cultured in vitro. Northern ...
Derderian Christopher A - - 2005
Fibroblasts represent a highly mechanoresponsive cell type known to play key roles in normal and pathologic processes such as wound healing, joint contracture, and hypertrophic scarring. In this study, we used a novel fibroblast-populated collagen lattice (FPCL) isometric tension model, allowing us to apply graded biaxial loads to dermal fibroblasts ...
Nouri Keyvan - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The 1,450-nm Smoothbeam Laser is a diode laser equipped with a cryogen cooling spray. Primary objectives were to evaluate the effects of this non-ablative laser on Apligraf (bioengineered skin-substitute) and to document its use as a model for non-ablative procedures. We also measured the effects of laser ...
Adams Judith - - 2005
Chronic allograft nephropathy is characterized by chronic inflammation and fibrosis. Because retinoids exhibit anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-fibrotic functions, the effects of low and high doses of 13-cis-retinoic acid (13cRA) were studied in a chronic Fisher344-->Lewis transplantation model. In 13cRA animals, independent of dose (2 or 20 mg/kg body weight/day) and ...
Inagaki Yutaka - - 2005
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Transforming growth factor beta and its intracellular mediators, Smad proteins, play important roles in stimulating collagen gene transcription and, thus, could be the targets for treating hepatic fibrosis. However, intervention of transforming growth factor beta/Smad signaling affects physiological signal transduction as well and may cause serious adverse ...
Lin Shuei-Liong - - 2005
Pentoxifylline (PTX) is a potent inhibitor of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), but its underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Here, it was demonstrated that PTX inhibited not only TGF-beta1-induced CTGF expression but also CTGF-induced collagen I (alpha1) [Col I (alpha1)] expression in normal rat kidney fibroblasts (NRK-49F) and alpha-smooth muscle ...
Le Pabic Hélène - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In chronic liver injury, quiescent hepatic stellate cells change into proliferative myofibroblast-like cells, which are a main source of fibrosis. We have recently reported that these cells synthesize ADAM12, a disintegrin and metalloprotease whose expression is up-regulated by TGF-beta1 in liver cancers. Here, we studied the role of the ...
Claudepierre Thomas T Department of Anatomy and Cellular Biology, Tufts University School of Medicine, and the Tufts Center for Vision Research, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, - - 2005
The ectoderm gives rise not only to the skin but also to the entire CNS. This common embryonic lineage suggests that some molecular isoforms might serve analogous functions in both tissues. Indeed, not only are laminins important components of dermal adhesion mechanisms, but they also regulate some aspects of synaptic ...
Nieto Natalia - - 2005
To study the anti-fibrogenic mechanisms of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet), transgenic mice harboring the -17 kb to +54 bp of the collagen alpha2 (I) promoter (COL1A2) cloned upstream from the beta-gal reporter gene were injected with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) to induce fibrosis and coadministered either AdoMet or saline. Control groups received AdoMet ...
Dean Rachael G - - 2005
The temporal and spatial expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta(1) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) was assessed in the left ventricle of a myocardial infarction (MI) model of injury with and without angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition. Coronary artery ligated rats were killed 1, 3, 7, 28, and 180 days ...
Gao Song - - 2005
Lysyl oxidase (LO) catalyzes crosslinking of collagen and elastin essential for maintaining the structural integrity of the lung extracellular matrix (ECM). To understand mechanisms of cigarette smoke (CS)-induced emphysema, we investigated effects of cigarette smoke condensate (CSC), the particulate matter of CS, on LO mRNA expression in cultured rat fetal ...
Kato Takahiro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Gingival overgrowth (GO) is a serious adverse effect associated with the administration of phenytoin (PHT), with PHT-induced GO characterized by a massive accumulation of extracellular matrix components, especially collagen, in gingival connective tissues. However, the etiology of such collagen accumulation is still largely unknown. We examined the effects of ...
Rescan P Y - - 2005
Somites are repeated, epithelial structures that are derived from the unsegmented paraxial mesoderm located lateral to the notochord. In higher vertebrates, somites differentiate into a sclerotome that subsequently forms the vertebrae and the ribs and into a dermomyotome that gives rise to a myotome, from which arises the skeletal muscle, ...
Xu Xiaohua - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The present study was to determine the effects of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation into ischemic myocardium on left ventricular (LV) function and remodeling, especially the changes in extracellular matrix (ECM) and in transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 after myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: In this study, we investigated the changes ...
Lo Ian K Y - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate at the mRNA level a subset of extracellular matrix molecules relevant during healing and remodeling of rotator cuff tears. TYPE OF STUDY: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Bursal and rotator cuff tissue from the margin of the rotator cuff tear were harvested ...
Prelog Martina - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A procollagen alpha2(I) messenger RNA (mRNA) variant, with a 115-bp band and an expected band of 180 bp, was found to be increased during early, acute scleroderma-like disease in UCD-200 chickens. The present study investigated the influence of cytokines on the expression of these 2 proalpha2(I) mRNA variants. METHODS: ...
Chen Yuan-Wen - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the effect of various concentrations of tetrandrine on activation of quiescent rat hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling in vitro. METHODS: HSCs were isolated from rats by in situ perfusion of liver and 18% Nycodenz gradient centrifugation, and primarily cultured on uncoated plastic ...
Sandorfi N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The anti-tumour antibiotic mithramycin is also a potent inhibitor of fibrosis after glaucoma surgery. This drug displays high affinity binding to GC-rich sequences in DNA, including those present in the promoter of the gene encoding the alpha1 chain of type I collagen (COL1A1). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of ...
Brook Nicholas R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Tacrolimus nephrotoxicity is thought to contribute to renal allograft dysfunction and subsequent failure, a process that is underpinned by alterations in mRNA expression of genes involved in matrix metabolism. The new anti-fibrotic pirfenidone was tested for its potential to reverse markers of renal dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were ...
Lefebvre-Lavoie Josiane - - 2005
Disturbed gene expression may disrupt the normal process of repair and lead to pathological situations resulting in excessive scarring. To prevent and treat impaired healing, it is necessary to first define baseline gene expression during normal repair. The objective of this study was to compare gene expression in normal intact ...
Junbao Du - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common complication of congenital heart disease and pulmonary vascular structural remodeling due to the high pulmonary blood flow is considered as the key pathologic process. In the present study the effects of L-arginine on the collagen metabolism of pulmonary arteries in rats with high ...
Clark Amanda L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the effect of estradiol and raloxifene on collagen synthesis, by measuring the expression collagen I and III mRNA. STUDY DESIGN: Nineteen nulliparous young adult rhesus macaques underwent oophorectomy and were treated for 5 months with estradiol alone, raloxifene, or no hormone. Tissue samples were ...
Park Eun Young - - 2005
meso-dihydroguaiaretic acid (DGA), naturally occurring in plants such as Machilus thunbergii and Myristica fragrans, exhibits a neuroprotective effect and also exerts cytotoxicity to certain cancer cells. Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play an important role in liver fibrogenesis through the production of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) after injuries. TGF-beta1 ...
Wahab Nadia Abdel - - 2005
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) drives fibrosis in diseases such as diabetic nephropathy (DN). Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF; CCN2) has also been implicated in this, but the molecular mechanism is unknown. We show that CTGF enhances the TGFbeta/Smad signaling pathway by transcriptional suppression of Smad 7 following rapid and sustained ...
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