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Tzortzaki Eleni G - - 2006
Fibril-associated collagens with interrupted triple helices (FACITs) XII and XIV act as fibril organizers and assist in the maintenance of uniform fibril size. We investigated the spatial expression patterns of collagens XII and XIV in cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP)/organizing pneumonia (OP) and in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)/usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) ...
Wen Yan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To evaluate differential expression of transforming growth factor (TGF-beta1), latent transforming factor-binding proteins (LTBP-1, LTBP-2) and elastin microfibril components (fibrillin-1 and fibrillin-2) in vaginal tissue from women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: In this case-control study, vaginal tissue from women in both phases of the menstrual cycle was ...
Lohwasser Christina - - 2006
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) form non-enzymatically from reactions of proteins with reducing sugars. In the skin, AGEs were reported to accumulate in dermal elastin and collagens and to interact nonspecifically with the cell membrane of dermal fibroblasts. Therefore, AGEs may influence the process of skin aging. We investigated the ...
Smith P C - - 2006
Transforming Growth Factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) plays a key role in connective tissue remodeling and inflammation. Under pathological conditions, like periodontal disease, fibroblasts may display an altered response to this growth factor. To investigate this question, we have studied whether TGF-beta1 may differentially regulate the expression of urokinase at the protein level ...
Wang Zhen - - 2006
Clinicians have observed that keloids preferentially form in body areas subject to increased skin tension. We hypothesized a difference exists in the transcriptional response of keloid fibroblasts to mechanical strain compared with normal fibroblasts. Normal and keloid fibroblasts were seeded in a device calibrated to deliver a known level of ...
Sarasa-Renedo Ana - - 2006
In chick embryo fibroblasts, the mRNA for extracellular matrix protein tenascin-C is induced 2-fold by cyclic strain (10%, 0.3 Hz, 6 h). This response is attenuated by inhibiting Rho-dependent kinase (ROCK). The RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway is primarily involved in actin dynamics. Here, we demonstrate its crucial importance in regulating tenascin-C ...
Zhou L - - 2006
Three-dimensional explant cultures of muscle tissue were used to characterize secreted proteins regulated by endogenous levels of the angiogenesis modulator thrombospondin (TSP)-1. Explants from TSP1 null mice exhibit enhanced neovascularization associated with increased endothelial outgrowth but decreased outgrowth of perivascular smooth muscle cells . The absence of endogenous TSP1 did ...
Fang Cheng-Chung - - 2006
BACKGROUND: After long-term treatment with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), some patients may develop peritoneal fibrosis. Peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) participate in the inflammatory reactions in the peritoneal cavity, and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) are involved in peritoneal fibrosis. Diltiazem is used frequently in patients with CAPD ...
Shim J W - - 2006
The goal of this study was to demonstrate whether cyclically imposed hydrostatic pressure, compressive in nature, could induce fibrocartilaginous metaplasia in a purely tendinous cell source in vitro. The effect of short-duration cyclic hydrostatic pressure on tendon fibroblasts (tenocytes) expanded from rat Achilles tendon was studied. Total RNA was isolated ...
Fineschi Serena - - 2006
Tissue fibrosis results when dysregulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover favors deposition of collagen and other ECM proteins over degradation. Fibrosis may then lead to organ dysfunction and pathology as observed in systemic sclerosis (SSc). In the present study, we investigated the antifibrotic properties of proteasome blockade. A dose- and ...
Gaultier Alban - - 2006
Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1) is a catabolic receptor for extracellular matrix (ECM) structural proteins and for proteins that bind to ECM. LRP-1 also is implicated in integrin maturation. In this study, we applied a proteomics strategy to identify novel proteins involved in ECM modeling that are regulated by ...
Tran Thai - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Airway smooth muscle (ASM) contraction underlies acute bronchospasm in asthma. ASM cells can switch between a synthetic-proliferative phenotype and a contractile phenotype. While the effects of extracellular matrix (ECM) components on modulation of ASM cells to a synthetic phenotype have been reported, the role of ECM components on maturation ...
Fichter M - - 2006
Destruction of collagen within osteoarthritic cartilage depends in part on collagen-degrading matrix metalloproteases (MMP). Degradative fragments of type II collagen (Col II) occur in normal and in osteoarthritic cartilage, and may contribute to regulation of matrix turnover by interfering with normal cell-matrix communication pathways. Therefore, the effects of different types ...
Yu Haiyan H Department of Dermatology, University of Kiel, Kiel, - - 2006
Keloids are benign skin tumours occurring during wound healing in genetically predisposed patients. They are characterised by an abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix components, in particular collagen. There is evidence that transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) is involved in keloid formation. SMAD proteins play a crucial role in TGFbeta signaling and ...
Chudgar Saumil M - - 2006
PURPOSE: Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF) is an inducible secretory protein known to regulate proliferation and extracellular matrix production in various cell types. We hypothesize that CTGF plays a critical role in the physiological regulation of aqueous humor outflow through the trabecular meshwork (TM) by influencing extracellular matrix synthesis and ...
Baba Yoshifumi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Type VIIcollagen, the major component of anchoring fibrils, has been suggested to be involved with tumor cell invasion in a laminin-5-dependent manner in skin squamous cell carcinoma. However, the significance of type VII collagen expression in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has been unknown to date. Therefore, we examined ...
Cao Qi - - 2006
Leptin, a liver profibrogenic cytokine, induces oxidative stress in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), with increased formation of the oxidant H2O2, which signals through p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) pathways, stimulating tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 production. Since oxidative stress is a pathogenic mechanism of liver fibrosis and activation of ...
Kopp Jürgen - - 2006
Dupuytren's disease, a benign fibroproliferative disorder of the palmar fascia, represents an ideal model to study tissue fibrosis. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and its downstream Smad signalling system is well established as a key player during fibrogenesis. Thus, targeting this basic pathomechanism seems suitable to establish new treatment strategies. One ...
Ohshima Mitsuhiro - - 2006
Our previous study demonstrated that a laminin-like molecule produced by periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PLFs) induces gingival epithelial cell chemotaxis. The aim of this study was to identify the laminin isoforms that are expressed by PLFs. Proteins in PLF-conditioned medium from serum-free cultures were separated by gel filtration followed by gelatin-affinity ...
Rodríguez-Barbero Alicia - - 2006
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) plays a pivotal role in the extracellular matrix accumulation observed in fibrotic diseases. Endoglin is an important component of the TGF-beta receptor complex highly expressed in tissues undergoing fibrotic processes. Endoglin expression regulates the effect of TGF-beta on extracellular matrix synthesis. The purpose of our study ...
Shalaw Fawzi-Grancher - - 2006
It is well known today that mechanical forces are one of the important factors that induce a variety of cellular responses including morphological changes, protein synthesis, and gene expression and which are involve in tissue remodelling. We studied the effect of uniaxial cyclic stretching on the proliferation, collagens, and tenascin ...
Altincicek Boran - - 2006
A novel link between development and immunity in insects is introduced. Transiently enhanced expression of lysozyme, gallerimycin and the insect metalloproteinase inhibitor was discovered at the onset of metamorphosis of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella. Relative quantification of mRNAs encoding for these antimicrobial peptides using real-time PCR documents their ...
Hardy Rowan S RS Division of Medical Sciences, Institute of Biomedical Research, The University of Birmingham Medical School, Birmingham, - - 2006
Stromal cells such as fibroblasts play an important role in defining tissue-specific responses during the resolution of inflammation. We hypothesized that this involves tissue-specific regulation of glucocorticoids, mediated via differential regulation of the enzyme 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1). Expression, activity and function of 11beta-HSD1 was assessed in matched fibroblasts ...
Liu Xingjun - - 2006
PURPOSE: During the process of liver fibrogenesis, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) plays an essential role in modulating extracellular matrix (ECM) gene expression, and a growing body of evidence suggests that this is a Smad3-dependent process in the activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Naringenin showed a significantly protective effect on experimental ...
Libý P - - 2006
BIR-1 and Survivin are highly conserved members of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family that regulate cell division in nematodes and mammals and inhibit apoptosis in mammals. In the C. elegans genome, bir-1 is organized in an operon together with transcription and splicing cofactor CeSKIP (skp-1) and is highly expressed ...
Yang Jiwei - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Leukocyte recruitment across blood vessels is fundamental to immune surveillance and inflammation. Lymphocyte homing to peripheral lymph nodes is mediated by the adhesion molecule, L-selectin, which binds to sulfated carbohydrate ligands on high endothelial venules (HEV). These glycoprotein ligands are collectively known as peripheral node addressin (PNAd), as defined ...
Kirwan Ruaidhrí P - - 2005
Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a progressive optic neuropathy, which is a major cause of worldwide visual impairment and blindness. Pathological hallmarks of the glaucomatous optic nerve head (ONH) include retinal ganglion cell axon loss and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling of the lamina cribrosa layer. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is ...
Liton P B PB Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University Eye Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2005
The pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the failure of the trabecular meshwork (TM) to maintain normal levels of aqueous outflow in glaucoma are not yet understood. Aberrant activation of the transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-beta1) pathway has been implicated in several degenerative diseases. We investigated the possibility that chronic cyclic mechanical ...
Carulli Maria Teresa - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate expression of the chemokine receptor CCR2 on key cell types involved in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to assess the potential for autocrine activation of SSc dermal fibroblasts via CCL2/CCR2. METHODS: Chemokine receptor expression in skin biopsy tissues and explanted dermal fibroblasts from a well-characterized ...
Ohba Kojiro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN), associated with late-allograft dysfunction is caused by alloantigen-dependent and -independent mechanisms, and eventually leads to interstitial fibrosis (ci). Activation of complement cascade is considered to be a poor prognostic marker of graft survival. This study was designed to examine the relationship between the expression of ...
Howard Pamela S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) could activate hyperplasia, hypertrophy, and altered collagen expression in human detrusor smooth muscle cells (SMCs). METHODS: Human bladder SMCs were treated in vitro with TGF-beta1 and analyzed for changes in both proliferative and hypertrophic responses by cell number and volume measurements, ...
Qu LuDan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been used in treatment of various menopausal disorders. It has been well documented that HRT increases the amount of dermal collagen and skin thickness in vivo. However little is known about the effects of female sex hormones on dermal fibroblasts in vitro. OBJECTIVE: The ...
Väisänen Timo - - 2005
Little information is available on the expression of transmembrane type XIII collagen in human diseases. The present study has investigated the expression of this collagen in cancer, in particular during malignant transformation. By combining the tissue microarray technique with in situ hybridization, a consistent pattern of clearly increased type XIII ...
Zheng Keqin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in knowledge about collagen type IV at the protein level, little is known about expression of its six alpha chains. X-linked Alport syndrome provides a system to study collagen type IV gene expression within a setting of disturbed protein synthesis. Mutations in the alpha5 chain result in ...
Narkewicz Michael R - - 2005
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis and is elevated in the serum of children with biliary atresia (BA). The objective of this study was to evaluate hepatic CTGF messenger RNA (mRNA) expression and its relationship to hepatic histology in children with ...
Lavagnino Michael - - 2006
The etiology of repetitive stress injuries in tendons has not been clearly identified. While minor trauma has been implicated as an inciting factor, the precise magnitude and structural level of tissue injury that initiates this degenerative cascade has not been determined. The purpose of this study was to determine if ...
Letarte Michelle - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine if patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) show alterations in transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta and its pathways. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from HHT patients and controls, while endothelial cells were derived from umbilical veins of newborns (HUVEC) from HHT families. TGF-beta1 in plasma, or secreted by ...
Colwell Amy S AS Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Children's Surgical Research Program, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, - - 2005
Hypertrophic scars and keloids respond to dermal disruption with excessive collagen deposition and increased transforming growth factor (TFG)-beta expression. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a downstream mediator of TGF-beta activity that is associated with scar and fibrosis. The authors hypothesize that there is increased expression of CTGF by hypertrophic ...
Ripamonti U - - 2005
Predictable bone induction in clinical contexts requires information on the expression and cross regulation of gene products of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily elicited by single applications of each recombinant human bone morphogenetic/osteogenic proteins (BMPs/OPs). Using the calvarium and the rectus abdominis muscle of adult baboons Papio ursinus as ...
Fong Kenton D KD Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, - - 2005
Adhesion formation after flexor tendon repair remains a clinical problem. Early postoperative motion after tendon repair has been demonstrated to reduce adhesion formation while increasing tendon strength. The authors hypothesized that during mobilization, tendon cells experience mechanical shear forces that alter their biology in a fashion that reduces scar formation ...
Shen Gang - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Using type X collagen as a marker, this research was designed to examine the alteration of condylar growth in response to mandibular condylar forward positioning. METHODS: One hundred female Sprague-Dawley rats with 5 weeks of age were randomly divided into five experimental and five control groups. In the experimental ...
Masterson Rosemary - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Ras and Rho family of GTPases serve as essential molecular switches in the downstream signalling of many cytokines involved in the regulation of renal fibroblast activity. Prenylation is a post-translational process critical to the membrane localization and function of these GTPases. We studied the effects of a farnesyltransferase ...
Obayashi Kei - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It is well established that the alterations of dermal matrix contributes to skin aging characterized by wrinkles. On the other hand, physiological NO is useful to maintain skin homeostasis such as a vasodilatation. However, a role of NO on production of dermal matrix has been clarified. OBJECTIVE: In this ...
Ito Hidetoshi - - 2005
Among the structural components of extracellular matrices (ECM) fibrillar collagens play a critical role, and single amino acid substitutions in these proteins lead to pathological changes in tissues in which they are expressed. Employing a biologically relevant experimental model consisting of cells expressing R75C, R519C, R789C, and G853E procollagen II ...
Ronzière Marie-Claire - - 2005
During endochondral ossification, type I collagen is synthesized by osteoblasts together with some hypertrophic chondrocytes. Type I collagen has also been reported to be progressively synthesized in degenerative joints. Because Matrix Metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) plays an active role in remodeling cartilage in fetal development and osteoarthritic cartilage, we investigated whether type ...
Uchiyama Eiichi E Orthopaedic Surgery, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, - - 2005
One factor believed to contribute to the development of hallux valgus is an abnormality in collagen structure and makeup of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ). We hypothesized that the mechanical properties of the MCL in feet with hallux valgus are significantly different from those ...
Vadasz Zehava - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Lysyl-oxidases catalyze the oxidation of lysine residues in collagen and elastin thereby promoting their polymerization. We have studied here the expression of four lysyl-oxidases in normal and diseased human liver. METHODS: The expression of the different lysyl-oxidases in paraffin embedded liver sections was studied using in-situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. ...
Kaarteenaho-Wiik Riitta - - 2005
The aim of this study was to assess and compare the accumulation and distribution of newly synthesized type I and III collagens in usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) and pulmonary sarcoidosis. Lung biopsies from 10 patients with UIP and 13 patients with sarcoidosis were investigated by immunohistochemical technique and mRNA in ...
Lavagnino Michael - - 2005
An in vitro collagen gel system was used to determine the effect of alterations in cytoskeletal tensional homeostasis on gene expression in tendon cells. Collagen gel matrices, seeded with rat tail tendon cells, underwent cytochalasin D and gel contraction treatments designed to alter the internal cytoskeletal homeostasis of the cells. ...
Jia Fengyan - - 2005
The amount of type III collagen is increased during the early healing stage following ligament and tendon injury. Concomitantly, the mechanical properties of the healing tissues are abnormal and the fibril diameters are homogeneously small. It is therefore thought that downregulating type III collagen gene expression after injury may be ...
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