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Results 551 - 600 of 1985
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Bodo M - - 2007
The small dimension and particle shape of silica in gypsum used to prepare moulds for lost wax casting might be responsible for the high prevalence of silicosis in gold jewellery. To test this hypothesis, human pulmonary epithelial cell (BEAS-2B) cultures were exposed to two samples of silica with different crystal ...
Hagiwara Satoshi - - 2007
Diffuse alveolar damage is the histopathologic hallmark of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). A significant proportion of ARDS survivors have residual pulmonary fibrosis and compromised pulmonary function. On the other hand, heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) is a collagen-binding stress protein that is assumed to act as a collagen-specific molecular ...
Guven Ahmet - - 2007
AIMS: In this study we examined the expression of Rho-kinase (ROK) isoforms in rabbit detrusor smooth muscle during the progression of partial bladder outlet obstruction and correlated them with the time course of obstruction. METHODS: Detrusor samples were obtained from bladders after 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks of obstruction ...
Higashiyama Hiroyuki - - 2007
Activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK5) is a type I receptor of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta. ALK5 inhibition has been reported to attenuate the tissue fibrosis including pulmonary fibrosis, renal fibrosis and liver fibrosis. To elucidate the inhibitory mechanism of ALK5 inhibitor on pulmonary fibrosis in vivo, we performed the histopathological ...
Liu Zhao - - 2007
A classic in vitro model of branching morphogenesis utilizes the Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell line. MDCK Strain II cells form hollow monoclonal cysts in a three-dimensional collagen matrix over the course of 10 days and tubulate in response to hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). We and our colleagues previously showed ...
Miltyk Wojciech - - 2007
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the mechanism of campthotecin (CPT)-induced deregulation of collagen metabolism in cultured human skin fibroblast. It has been found that CPT strongly induced inhibition of collagen biosynthesis. The mechanism of this phenomenon was found to be independent of prolidase activity, an enzyme that plays ...
Lochner Katrin - - 2007
Extracellular matrix (ECM) organization is a complex process that requires the coordinated efforts of many molecules. For the regulation of collagen fiber diameter, the proteoglycan decorin appears to be of major relevance. To investigate the role of decorin in the process of (photo-)aging in more detail, full-thickness punch biopsies were ...
Hsu Yi-Chiang - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix is a hallmark of many fibrotic diseases, including the hypertrophic scar and keloid. Recent reports from this research team had shown that exogenous nitric oxide (NO) participates in the keloid formation; however, its role on the synthesis of fibrotic factor (TGF-beta1, TIMP-1 and ...
Xiao R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by an excessive production of extracellular matrix. It is widely accepted that fibrosis is induced by transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in the early stage and is subsequently maintained by connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). CTGF is a cysteine-rich mitogenic peptide that has been involved ...
Nieto Natalia - - 2006
The impact of Kupffer cells (KCs) on the hepatic stellate cell (HSC) fibrogenic response was examined in an in vitro coculture model of primary KCs and HSCs. Coculture with KCs induced a more activated phenotype and greater proliferation compared to HSC cultured alone. Similar results were obtained on Matrigel which ...
Choi C P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation induces chronic skin diseases, such as skin cancer and photoageing, and the mechanisms of this skin damage are associated with the upregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and decreased collagen synthesis. Narrowband ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) radiation is a relatively new treatment modality for vitiligo and psoriasis. However, ...
Xu Fang - - 2007
The role of the adventitia in vascular function and vascular lesion formation has been largely ignored. This study observed the activation of the adventitia and specifically the fibroblasts in the development of atherosclerosis in the apoE(-/-) mouse. The results showed a gradual increase in expression of collagen types I and ...
Kinoshita Kohji - - 2007
Liver cirrhosis, which is caused by the accumulation of extracellular matrix materials, is a serious clinical problem that can progress to hepatic failure. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) plays a pivotal role in extracellular matrix production, but bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-7, a member of the TGFbeta superfamily, can antagonise the fibrogenic ...
Kwon Yoon-Jeoung - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate remodeling of the basal lamina of labial salivary glands (LSGs) from patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) by analyzing the expression of specific components that participate in its assembly and attachment to acinar and ductal cells. METHODS: Two groups of SS patients with similar levels of remnant glandular ...
Gao Zhongyu Z Department of Plastic Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2006
Keloids represent a dysregulated response to cutaneous wounding that results in an excessive deposition of extracellular matrix, especially types I and III collagen. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta plays a central role in the pathogenesis of fibrosis by inducing and sustaining activation of keloid fibroblast. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly ...
Maciejewska I - - 2006
Fluoride alters the expression and post-translational modifications of extracellular matrix proteins in dentin. The aim of our study was to determine the effects of fluoride on type I collagen expression during the early stages of tooth germ development in rats. Pregnant dams were divided into three groups and fed a ...
Pérez de Obanos María P - - 2006
The essential amino acid leucine has been described to specifically activate signaling pathways leading to the activation of the translational machinery and the increase of total protein synthesis. Regulation of type I collagen production by hepatic stellate cells (HSC) is a multistep process involving transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms. In the ...
Umezono Tomoya - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In development of progressive extracellular matrix accumulation, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) may act as a downstream mediator of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1). However, the association and the correlation of these cytokines and extracellular matrix accumulation in human diabetic nephropathy (DN) is not fully understood. METHODS: To ...
McBrien Neville A - - 2006
PURPOSE: The sclera has a collagen-rich extracellular matrix that undergoes significant biochemical and biomechanical remodeling during myopic eye growth. The integrin family of cell surface receptors play critical roles in extracellular matrix and biomechanical remodeling in connective tissues. This study identified the major collagen-binding integrin receptors in the mammalian sclera ...
Hong K-H - - 2006
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) plays a role in the fibrotic process of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Because hypoxia is associated with fibrosis in several profibrogenic conditions, we investigated whether CTGF expression in SSc fibroblasts is regulated by hypoxia. Dermal fibroblasts from patients with SSc and healthy controls were cultured in ...
Kim Mi-Sun - - 2006
Human skin is daily exposed to infrared (IR) radiation from natural sunlight. However, the effects of IR irradiation on collagen metabolism have not been investigated in human skin in vivo. Here, we examined whether single or repeated (three times a week for 4 weeks) exposure to IR irradiation changes the ...
Roulet Muriel - - 2007
Collagen V is a quantitatively minor component of collagen I fibrils and the defective product of classic Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). To provide new insights into its embryonic function, a continuous evaluation of the expression pattern of proalpha1(V), a chain common to all collagen V molecular forms, was performed by in ...
Ito Kenichi - - 2007
Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) catalyzes the synthesis of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter, from glutamate. An expression of GAD protein has been reported for brain and pancreas, but not for skin. In this study, we present evidence that GAD67 mRNA and protein are expressed in mouse skin and in human ...
Yokosuka Kimiaki - - 2006
OBJECT: The authors sought to clarify the role, if any, of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in disc degeneration. METHODS: Intervertebral discs were analyzed for the presence of AGEs and of their receptor (RAGE) by immunohistochemical analysis. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed to detect any RAGE gene expression, ...
Mehlhorn A T - - 2006
Adipose-derived adult stem cells (ADASCs) or bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are considered as alternative cell sources for cell-based cartilage repair due to their ability to produce cartilage-specific matrix. This article addresses the differential expression pattern of extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules in BMSCs or ADASCs following chondrogenic differentiation. Human ...
Ueki Masaru - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine the preventive and therapeutic effects of an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, candesartan, on cholestasis-induced liver fibrosis. Candesartan was administered orally for 21 days immediately after bile duct ligation to evaluate its preventive effect, and for 21 days starting 3 weeks ...
Berglund Maria - - 2006
PURPOSE: Injuries to tendons, particularly flexor tendons, can lead to loss of function after healing due to adhesion formation and other complications. The aim of this study was to increase our understanding of the healing process in tendons and tendon sheaths to develop methods to affect the healing process and ...
Shi Yue-Feng - - 2006
Decorin is a small leucine-rich extracellular matrix proteoglycan composed of a core protein with a single glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chain near the N-terminus and N-glycosylated at three potential sites. Decorin is involved in the regulation of formation and organization of collagen fibrils, modulation of the activity of growth factors such as ...
Kaarteenaho-Wiik Riitta - - 2007
Sarcoidosis, atypical mycobacteriosis, and tuberculosis are common diseases of human lung with a typical feature of formation of granulomas. The structure of granulomas has not been elucidated completely. We studied the expression of tenascin-C, precursor proteins of collagens I and III, and the presence of myofibroblasts in granulomas of sarcoidosis, ...
Chapados Rene - - 2006
Tenascin-C (TN-C) is an extracellular matrix (ECM) protein expressed within remodeling systemic and pulmonary arteries (PAs), where it supports vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation. Previously, we showed that A10 SMCs cultivated on native type I collagen possess a spindle-shaped morphology and do not express TN-C, whereas those on denatured ...
Yu Hai-yan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Lower fluence of 585-nm flashlamp-pumped pulsed dye laser has been successfully used as a nonablative technique in the treatment of wrinkles. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the pulsed dye laser (585 nm) on the production of collagen and the mRNA expression of collagen ...
Daum Severin - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Collagenous sprue (CS) is a rare severe malabsorption syndrome of unknown etiology, characterized by villus atrophy and a broad subepithelial collagen band. We studied the expression patterns of genes involved in fibrogenesis and fibrolysis and analyzed the composition of the subepithelial collagen band in CS compared with ...
Cao Qi - - 2006
We previously reported that the combination of dilinoleoylphosphatidylcholine (DLPC) and S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe), which have antioxidant properties and antifibrogenic actions, prevented leptin-stimulated tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 production in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) by inhibiting H2O2-mediated signal transduction. We now show that DLPC and SAMe inhibit alpha1(I) collagen mRNA expression induced ...
Mori Noriaki - - 2007
It has been shown that musculoskeletal tissues undergo dynamic tissue remodeling by a process that is quite sensitive to the mechanical environment. However, the detailed molecular mechanism underlying this process remains unclear. We demonstrate here that after denervation-induced mechanical stress deprivation, tendons undergo dynamic tissue remodeling as evidenced by a ...
Kershaw Claire M - - 2007
The use of transcervical artificial insemination in sheep is limited because of the anatomy of the cervix, which restricts the passage of an inseminating pipette into the uterine lumen. There is a degree of natural cervical relaxation at estrus that enables greater penetration with an inseminating pipette. We hypothesize that ...
Hsu Yi-Chiang - - 2007
Keloids arise from the aberrant wound healing process and nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in the inflammation stage of wound healing. In order to better define the potential effect of NO/cGMP signal pathway in the keloid pathogenesis, the enhancing effect of exogenous NO (released from NO donor) on ...
Haupt Jennifer L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB (rhPDGF-BB) on the metabolic function and morphologic features of equine superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) in explant culture. Animals-6 euthanized horses (2 to 5 years old). METHODS: Forelimb SDFT explants were cultured for 6 days as untreated control specimens ...
Long Xiao - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of quercetin and X-ray on collagen synthesis of cultured human keloid-derived fibroblast and the mechanism. METHODS: Collagen synthesis of cultured human keloid and normal fibroblasts were detected by hydroxyproline colorimetric analysis. Immunocytochemical staining was used to investigate collagen I and III expression. mRNA expression of ...
Nallapareddy Sreedhar R - - 2006
Enterococcus faecalis, the third most frequent cause of bacterial endocarditis, appears to be equipped with diverse surface-associated proteins showing structural-fold similarity to the immunoglobulin-fold family of staphylococcal adhesins. Among the putative E. faecalis surface proteins, the previously characterized adhesin Ace, which shows specific binding to collagen and laminin, was detectable ...
Cheng Yang - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of salvianolic acid B (SAB) and curcumin, the extracts of Salvia Miltiorrhiza and Curcuma Longa, on the proliferation and activation of hepatic stellate cell (HSC), and the extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) expression in it. METHODS: Rat's HSC-T6 were cultured and treated by SAB or ...
Beye Jasmine A - - 2006
Previous experiments revealed that denervation impairs healing of the MCL. This suggested the hypothesis that denervation would decrease repair-associated mRNA levels in the injured MCL when compared with normally innervated injured MCL. Adult, skeletally mature female rabbits were assigned to one of four groups: unoperated control, femoral nerve transection alone ...
Priglinger Siegfried G - - 2006
PURPOSE: Scarring of the filtering bleb site is the main cause of failure in glaucoma filtration surgery. In the present study, the role of tissue transglutaminase (tTgase) in the accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in these scars was investigated. Transglutaminases are enzymes capable of cross-linking ECM proteins to proteolysis-resistant ...
Dreger Sally A - - 2006
Matrix remodeling, which involves proteolytic enzymes, such as the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), is of significant importance with respect to tissue engineering a heart valve construct. The ability of valve interstitial cells (ICs) to release these enzymes in biological scaffolds and to synthesize their own matrix has not been adequately studied, ...
Rünger Thomas M - - 2007
Cathepsins are a group of cysteine proteinases that are involved in various aspects of extracellular matrix turnover. The collagenolytic activity of cathepsin K plays a pivotal role in bone resorption and lung matrix homeostasis, but so far has not been described in skin. To study the role of cathepsin K ...
Cheng Yang Y Institute of Liver Disease, Shuguang Hospital affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China. - - 2006
To study the effect of oxymatrine-baicalin combination (OB) against HBV replication in 2.2.15 cells and alpha smooth muscle actin (alpha SMA) expression, type I, collagen synthesis in HSC-T6 cells. The 2.2.15 cells and HSC-T6 cells were cultured and treated respectively. HBsAg and HBeAg in the culture supernatants were detected by ...
Poulalhon Nicolas - - 2006
We have examined whether rapamycin, an immunosuppressive drug, may exert part of its antifibrotic activity by directly targeting fibroblast extracellular matrix deposition. Incubation of human lung fibroblast (WI-26) cultures with rapamycin led to dose- and time-dependent reduction in the expression of types I and III collagens, both at the protein ...
Dai Yucheng - - 2006
The propose of the present study is to investigate the effects of lanthanum chloride (LaCl(3)), a rare earth compound, on extracellular matrix molecules in rat wound tissues, hoping to provide a clue for further study in reducing excessive extracellular matrix formation in trauma and burn, as well as in fibrous ...
Zhou Xiaodong X University of Texas-Houston Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2006
Recently, it was observed that SPARC (secreted protein, acidic and rich in cysteine) is overexpressed in the fibroblasts of skin biopsy specimens obtained from patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma), and that specific inhibition of SPARC expression in normal human fibroblasts attenuated the profibrotic effect of transforming growth factor beta ...
Cenizo Valérie - - 2006
The lysyl oxidases lysyl oxidase (LOX) and lysyl oxidase-like (LOXL) are responsible for elastin cross-linking. It was shown recently that LOXL is essential for the elastic fibres homeostasis and for their maintenance at adult age. We first determined whether or not elastin, LOX and LOXL are less expressed during adulthood. ...
Khoo Ying Ting - - 2006
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) plays a critical role in keloid pathogenesis by promoting collagen synthesis and deposition. Previous work suggested epithelial-mesenchymal interactions as a plausible factor affecting the expression of various growth factors and cytokines by both the epithelial and dermal mesenchymal cells. The aim of this study is ...
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