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Results 451 - 500 of 2012
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Chen Yi-Jane - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to explore the influences of cyclic mechanical stretching on the mRNA expressions of tendon/ligament-related and osteoblast-specific marker genes in human MSCs seeded onto a collagen type I-coated surface. The stretch-induced mRNA expressions of mesenchymal stem cell protein (MSCP), matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), and marker genes ...
Perez-Martinez Francisco C - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Parathyroid-hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is considered as an autocrine/paracrine regulator of growth and/or differentiation in normal and malignant tissues. We determined the distribution and density of the expression of PTHrP in the rabbit bladder during growth in response to partial outlet obstruction and its relation with the smooth muscle/collagen ratio. ...
Kapoor Mohit - - 2008
In skin, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) is induced during tissue repair. However, what the exact cell types are that express CTGF in normal and wounded skin remain controversial. In this report, we use transgenic knock-in mice in which the Pacific jellyfish Aequorea victoria enhanced green fluorescent protein (E-GFP) gene ...
Nonaka Takahashi Sachiko - - 2008
The degree of tubulointerstitial fibrosis is a poor prognostic indicator in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Recently, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) was observed to be strongly up-regulated in human proliferative and fibrogenic diseases. Renal biopsy specimens were obtained from the 20 patients with IgAN. Based on a previously reported study (MDRD ...
Achari Yamini - - 2008
PURPOSE: Corneal thickness and curvature are reported to be influenced by hormonal changes associated with menstrual cycle, pregnancy, or menopause. However, the molecular mechanisms leading to these alterations are not clearly understood. The present study focuses on gene expression patterns (mRNA levels) in corneal tissues following surgically induced menopause in ...
Ward W Kenneth - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to better understand whether interleukin-13 (IL-13) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) are highly expressed during foreign body encapsulation of subcutaneous devices. Mock biosensors were implanted into rats for three lengths of time (7-, 21- and 48-55 days) to address different stages of the ...
Zhang Jia - - 2008
1. Angiotensin (Ang) II-mediated oxidative stress may be important in enhanced adventitial fibroblast collagen formation. The aim of the present study was to test whether PPAR-gamma agonists 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ2) and pioglitazone could alter AngII-induced collagen type I formation in vascular adventitial fibroblasts via reactive oxygen species (ROS). 2. Vascular ...
Wang Shoufeng - - 2008
Runx2 and type X collagen play important roles in vertebral growth, which has been involved in the development and progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Seventy-two specimens of vertebral growth plates were collected at the end and apex vertebrae of the scoliotic spine from 12 AIS patients. Expression of Runx2 ...
Sun Xu - - 2008
In girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), osteopenia has been widely reported with unclear molecular mechanism. Type I collagen, osteocalcin and osteoprotegerin are important either in bone structure or in bone biology. This study consisted of 43 girls with AIS. All girls aged 12-18yr, with Cobb angle>40 degrees . Small ...
Doh Kyung-Oh - - 2008
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is an important mediator of tissue fibrosis, including liver cirrhosis. Ribbon-type antisense oligonucleotide to TGF-beta1 (TGF-beta1 RiAS) was designed and combined with cationic peptide derived from the nuclear localization signal of human immunodeficiency virus-1 Tat protein for enhanced cellular uptake. When Hepa1c1c7 cells were transfected with ...
Bhogal Rashpal K - - 2008
Synthesis of collagen is up-regulated by pro-fibrogenic growth factors and cytokines such as TGF-beta 1, IL-4, and IL-13 binding to their corresponding cell membrane receptors of fibroblasts. The ERK pathway is an important MAPK signaling pathway that is involved in regulating cell function. The aim of our studies was to ...
Liu Xia - - 2008
The bi-directional regulation of TGF-beta1 (transforming growth factor-beta1) on fibroblast proliferation with stimulation at low concentration, but inhibition at high concentration, has important significance during tissue repair. The mechanism has not been defined. c-Ski is a major co-repressor of TGF-beta1/Smad3 signalling; however, the exact role of c-Ski in the bi-directional ...
Vreden, Wanda Nicolette
The main purpose of this doctoral thesis was the functional characterization of endoglin in hepatic stellate cells (HSC). This characterization was performed particularly with regard to the impact and the function of endoglin in the transdifferentiation process of HSC into myofibroblast-like cells (MFB). Transdifferentiation of HSC into MFB plays a ...
Kim Sangmin - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) induction and type I procollagen reduction in photoaging of the skin due to exposure to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Therefore, regulation of these genes has been suggested to be a useful tool to abolish skin aging. In this study, antioxidative plant ingredients used in traditional Chinese medicine, berberine ...
Jiménez-Cantizano Rosa M - - 2008
Lysozymes are key proteins of the innate immune system against bacterial infections. In this study we report the molecular cloning and characterization of the c-type and g-type lysozymes in brill (Scophthalmus rhombus). Catalytic and other conserved residues required for functionality were identified. Phylogenetic analysis revealed distinct evolutionary histories for each ...
Kilian Olaf - - 2007
The purpose of this study has been to investigate collagen I and III synthesis during the fibrosing stage of frozen shoulder and Dupuytren samples in comparison to normal capsule tissue. - By using the quantitative PCR significantly increased levels of alpha 1(I) mRNA transcription in samples of frozen shoulder (p ...
Schrementi Megan E - - 2008
Wound healing in the oral mucosa is clinically distinguished by rapid healing and lack of scar formation compared with dermal wounds. Mechanisms of favorable mucosal healing are yet to be elucidated. Utilizing a murine model of equivalent-size mucosal and skin wounds, we verified the rapid reepithelializaton and reduction in scarring ...
Hurtado Paola A PA Department of Periodontology and Oral Biology, Boston University Goldman School of Dental Medicine, Division of Oral Biology, 700 Albany Street, W-210 Boston, MA 02118, - - 2008
Lysyl oxidase is required for the normal biosynthesis and maturation of collagen and elastin. It is expressed by vascular smooth muscle cells, and its increased expression has been previously found in atherosclerosis and in models of balloon angioplasty. The lysyl oxidase propeptide (LOX-PP) has more recently been found to have ...
Tsai Wen-Chung - - 2007
Pentapeptide KTTKS, a subfragment of type I collagen propeptide, has been demonstrated to promote the extracellular release of collagen in fibroblasts. The present study was designed to investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of KTTKS on type I collagen expression of rat Achilles tendon cells. Genes related to the upregulation ...
Behera Millie A - - 2007
Uterine fibroids are composed of altered collagen fibrils and represent an arrested response to injury-initiating fibrosis. In many tissues, TSP-1 is secreted by adult macrophages and monocytes upon wounding and is involved in the activation of transforming growth factor beta. In the absence of TSP-1, the orchestrated process of wound ...
Nath Rahul K - - 2007
Increased collagen expression during wound healing causes scar formation, abnormal contracture, low tensile strength, functional impairment, and disfigurement. A novel ex vivo wound-injury model demonstrated that AS60, an antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) to type I collagen, reduced the mRNA and protein expression of type 1 collagen. Following a cutaneous wound injury ...
Ikeda Hideyuki - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Excessive accumulation of collagen in the skin and internal organs in systemic sclerosis (SSc) is considered to result from enhanced transcription of collagen in fibroblasts. Macrolides have been reported to show various pharmacological activities. Recently, it was reported that EM703, a new derivative of erythromycin, improved bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis ...
Nakayama Seiko - - 2008
Pirfenidone (5-methyl-1-phenyl-2-(1H)-pyridone) is a novel anti-fibrotic and anti-inflammatory agent that inhibits the progression of fibrosis in animal models and patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Heat shock protein (HSP) 47, a collagen-specific molecular chaperone, is involved in the processing and/or secretion of procollagen and plays an important role in the ...
Li Juan - - 2008
The study was aimed to investigate the role of the "extracellular matrix (ECM)-integrins-cytoskeleton" signal pathway in mechanotransduction of centrifugal loading. MG-63 osteoblasts were exposed to centrifugal loading at 209xg for 10 min. Uncentrifuged cells and centrifuged cells that have been trypsinized and suspended in liquors were designed as control. The ...
Vizzini Aiti - - 2008
Based on previous cloning and sequencing study, real-time PCR and in situ hybridization assays of the inflamed body wall of LPS-injected Ciona intestinalis showed the enhanced gene expression of a collagen with FACIT structural features (Ci-type IX-Col 1alpha-chain). By using specific antibodies raised against an opportunely chosen Ci-type IX-Col synthetic ...
Zhang Hong-Jun HJ Department of Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, Jilin Province, - - 2007
To investigate the regulation of activin receptor-interacting protein 2 (ARIP2) expression and its possible relationships with collagen type IV (collagen IV) in mouse hepatoma cell line Hepal-6 cells. The ARIP2 mRNA expression kinetics in Hepal-6 cells was detected by RT-PCR, and its regulation factors were analyzed by treatment with signal ...
Wuertz K - - 2007
Intervertebral discs (IVD) have a higher extracellular osmolarity than most other tissues; moreover their osmolarity changes by around 25% during each diurnal cycle. In this study, changes in aggrecan, collagen I and collagen II expression of IVD cells were examined after exposure to osmotic environment alterations or mechanical stimulation under ...
Niu Liwen - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Leptin has been recognized as a profibrogenic hormone in the liver and is involved in collagen type I formation by activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in response to fibrogenic substances, but the molecular signal mechanisms by which leptin promotes liver fibrogenesis through upregulation of collagen type I expression is ...
Wan Jian-Xin - - 2007
Complement activation contributes to tissue injury in various forms of glomerulopathy and is characterized by deposition of complement components, which accelerates the progression of chronic renal damage. We recently reported that complement 3 (C3), a critical component of the complement system, is associated with the synthetic phenotype of vascular smooth ...
Wang Dong-Liang - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: This study attempts to determine the biologic response of the intervertebral disc to static and dynamic compression in vitro. OBJECTIVE: To quantitate and compare the changes of histology, Type I and II collagens, aggrecan, interleukin (IL)-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha expression, and apoptosis in rabbit intervertebral discs ...
Dai Guang - - 2007
Remodeling of the dermal extracellular matrix occurs during photoaging. Here, the effect of repetitive UVB irradiation on dermal hyaluronic acid (HA) was examined. C57/BL6 mice were chronically (182 days) irradiated with UVB, and consecutive skin biopsies were collected during the irradiation period and afterward (300 and 400 days of age). ...
Birch Helen L - - 2008
Tendon matrix integrity is vital to ensure adequate mechanical properties for efficient function. Although historically tendon was considered to be relatively inert, recent studies have shown that tendon matrix turnover is active. During normal physiological activities some tendons are subjected to stress and strains much closer to their failure properties ...
Huet Eric - - 2008
Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) is a cell surface glycoprotein enriched on tumor cells and normal epithelia. It is mainly known for its ability to induce matrix metalloproteinase production in fibroblasts following epithelial-stromal interaction. We sought to examine whether EMMPRIN has a broader role promoting fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation. Because alpha-smooth muscle ...
Abe Makoto - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Semaphorins are a group of secreted and membrane-associated molecules that play important roles in axon navigation. Several semaphorin family molecules are expressed in the pharyngeal arches and tooth germs. We analysed the expression of membrane-associated Semaphorin 4D (Sema4D) in tooth germs, and examined its potential role in regulating the ...
Liu X - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Increased homocysteine levels in blood might be an important risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) was found to be involved in atherosclerotic plaque progression. So far, the possible connection between homocysteine and CTGF has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed ...
Kitowska Kamila - - 2008
Lung fibrosis is characterized by increased deposition of ECM, especially collagens, and enhanced proliferation of fibroblasts. l-arginine is a key precursor of nitric oxide, asymmetric dimethylarginine, and proline, an amino acid enriched in collagen. We hypothesized that l-arginine metabolism is altered in pulmonary fibrosis, ultimately affecting collagen synthesis. Expression analysis ...
Chiquet Matthias - - 2007
Mechanical forces are important for connective tissue homeostasis. How do fibroblasts sense mechanical stress and how do they translate this information into an adaptive remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM)? Tenascin-C is rapidly induced in vivo by loading muscles and in vitro by stretching fibroblasts. Regulation of tenascin-C expression by ...
Bogatkevich Galina S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanisms by which hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) down-regulates collagen and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in scleroderma (systemic sclerosis [SSc]) lung fibroblasts. METHODS: CTGF, type I collagen, and IkappaBalpha expression, together with MAPK phosphorylation, were studied by immunoblotting of lung fibroblasts derived from white SSc patients. ...
Sindermann Jürgen R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that genetically induced smooth muscle cell (SMC) cycle reentry in transgenic mouse models expressing the SV40 T antigen (TAg) resulted in adaptive arterial remodeling. The present investigation targeted the in vitro expression pattern of the collageneous matrix associated with TAg-induced SMC cycle modulation. METHODS: SMC ...
Secker Genevieve A GA Department of Pathology, Cells for Sight Transplantation and Research Programme, UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, 11-43 Bath Street, London, EC1V 9EL, - - 2008
The complex mechanisms by which transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) regulate re-epithelialisation following injury of stratified epithelia are not fully understood. TGFbeta signals via binding to distinct receptors activating downstream effectors, including Smads which initiate transcription of target genes. However, studies have shown that TGFbeta can also signal independently of ...
Bellucci Catia - - 2007
Extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules and growth factors, such as fibroblast growth factor (FGF), play a crucial role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether phenotypic alterations in ECM production are present in non-neuronal AD cells associated with different FGF expression and response. Synthesis of ...
Shinzato Tomoko - - 2007
Beneficial effects of thiazolidinediones, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonists, on cardiovascular injuries have been reported. However, the effects of these agonists on left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy have not been clarified. To investigate whether pioglitazone improves LV hypertrophy, we used 32-week-old stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-SP) that had been treated ...
Payne Stacey L - - 2007
Lysyl oxidase (LOX) is an extracellular matrix (ECM) enzyme that catalyzes the cross-linking of collagens or elastin in the extracellular compartment, thereby regulating the tensile strength of tissues. However, recent reports have demonstrated novel roles for LOX, including the ability to regulate gene transcription, motility/migration, and cell adhesion. These diverse ...
Kypriotou Magdalini - - 2007
Despite several investigations, the transcriptional mechanisms that regulate the expression of both type I collagen genes (COL1A1 and COL1A2) in either physiological or pathological situations, such as scleroderma, are not completely known. We have investigated the role of hc-Krox transcription factor on type I collagen expression by human dermal fibroblasts. ...
Cobbs Scott L - - 2007
Calcineurin is an important regulator of extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation in the kidney but functions in a cell-specific manner. Previously, we identified a novel role for calcineurin in mesangial cells where calcineurin activity is required for TGFbeta-mediated induction of fibronectin expression. In this study, we examined the role of the ...
Yamada Tetsu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronan (HA) improves postoperative recovery after flexor tendon surgery, preventing postoperative adhesion. However, its influence on the rotator cuff tendon after cuff repair has not yet been clarified in detail. HYPOTHESIS: Hyaluronan is likely to modulate cell proliferation and mRNA expression of procollagens alpha1 (I) and alpha1 (III) in ...
Materazzi S - - 2007
Protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1 and PAR-2 are reported to contribute to the fibrotic process in a number of organs, including lung, liver, pancreas, and kidney. The aim of this study was to localize expression and biological activity of PAR-1 and PAR-2 in normal and pathological cutaneous scars. First, we investigated the ...
Giannakakis Konstantinos - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Absence or segmental distribution of the alpha5(IV) collagen chain along the epidermal basement membrane (EBM) is diagnostic of X-linked Alport syndrome (X-AS), but the typical morphologic alterations usually observed along the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) are lacking. However, several differences in protein composition exist between GBM and EBM, and ...
O─čuzkurt Pelin - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate and compare the distribution and intensity of staining of extracellular matrix proteins--laminin, fibronectin, and types 1 and 4 collagen--in various congenital inguinoscrotal abnormalities and the peritoneum through immunohistochemical staining. METHODS: The sacs associated with undescended testis (n = 28), hydrocele (n = 29), inguinal hernia (n = ...
Ma Yu-Ping - - 2007
This study is aimed to evaluate the brain distribution of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) following intranasal administration and the subsequent biological effects of TGF-beta1. Adult rats were given recombinant human TGF-beta1 (rhTGF-beta1) or vehicle solution intranasally. TGF-beta1 concentrations were significantly raised in several brain regions and the trigeminal nerve following ...
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