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Trausch-Azar Julie S JS Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine / St. Louis Children's Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
The E3 ubiquitin ligase and tumor suppressor SCF(Fbw7) exists as three isoforms that govern the degradation of a host of critical cell regulators, including c-Myc, cyclin E, and PGC-1α. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) is a transcriptional coactivator with broad effects on cellular energy metabolism. Cellular PGC-1α levels ...
Reed Lawrence Ian LI Department of Psychology, Harvard University - - 2014
What function do facial expressions have? We tested the hypothesis that some expressions serve as honest signals of subjective commitments-in particular, that angry faces increase the effectiveness of threats. In an ultimatum game, proposers decided how much money to offer a responder while seeing a film clip depicting an angry ...
Bou Ali Madiha M Laboratory of Biochemistry, National Engineering School of Sfax (ENIS), University of Sfax, Sfax, - - 2014
Recombinant DNA methods are being widely used to express proteins in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells for both fundamental and applied research purposes. Expressed protein must be well characterized to be sure that it retains the same properties as the native one, especially when expressed protein will be used in ...
Davies Helen - - 2013
Recent models of anorexia nervosa (AN) have emphasised the importance of social and emotional difficulties as maintenance factors of the disorder, however empirical data are limited. The aim of this study was to examine whether altered emotional facial expression, previously observed in people currently ill with anorexia nervosa, is limited ...
Bagge J - - 2012
Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a multipotent neurotrophin known for its growth-influencing and apoptosis-modulating functions, as well as for its function to interact with neurotransmitters/neuromodulators. BDNF is reported to be mainly produced in the brain. BDNF can be absorbed into peripheral tissue from the blood stream. Expression of this ...
Fong Gloria G Department of Physical Therapy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2013
The loss of collagen organization is considered a hallmark histopathologic feature of tendinosis. At the cellular level, tenocytes have been shown to produce signal substances that were once thought to be restricted to neurons. One of the main neuropeptides implicated in tendinosis, substance P (SP), is known to influence collagen ...
Qi J - - 2012
Tenomodulin (Tnmd, also called Tendin) is classified as a type II transmembrane glycoprotein and is highly expressed in developing as well as in mature tendons. Along with scleraxis (scx), Tnmd is a candidate marker gene for tenocytes. Its function is unknown, but it has been reported to have anti-angiogenic properties. ...
Busch Franziska - - 2012
Tendon overuse injuries and tendinitis are accompanied by catabolic processes and apoptosis of tenocytes. However, the precise molecular mechanisms of the destructive processes in tendon are not fully understood. Sirt-1, a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent deacetylase, has been linked to transcriptional silencing and appears to play a key role in ...
Chen Bo - - 2012
Engineering a functional tendon with strong mechanical property remains an aim to be achieved for its eventual application. Both skeletal muscle and tendon are closely associated during their development and both can bear strong mechanical loading dynamically. This study explored the possibility of engineering stronger tendons with mouse skeletal muscle ...
Shi Yu - - 2012
Chronic tendinopathy is a tendon disorder that is common in athletes and individuals whose tendons are subjected to repetitive strain injuries. The presence of ossification worsened the clinical manifestation of the disorder. The change of tendon loading due to mechanical overload, compression or disuse have been implicated as the possible ...
Mendias Christopher L - - 2012
Tendons link skeletal muscles to bones and are important components of the musculoskeletal system. There has been much interest in the role of microRNA (miRNA) in the regulation of musculoskeletal tissues to mechanical loading, inactivity, and disease, but it was unknown whether miRNA is involved in the adaptation of tendons ...
Takimoto Aki - - 2012
Sox9 is a high-mobility group box-containing transcription factor that functions as a key regulator of chondrogenesis. We here report that Sox9 mediates the direct conversion of tenocytes to chondrocytes through an intermediate state in which both differentiation programs are active. Sox9 is abundantly expressed in cartilage but is undetectable in ...
J Pingel - - 2012
The incidence of Achilles tendinopathy is high and underlying etiology as well as biochemical and morphological pathology associated with the disease is largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to describe biochemical and morphological differences in chronic Achilles tendinopathy. The expressions of growth factors, inflammatory mediators and tendon ...
Castro Diogo S DS Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Oeiras, Portugal. - - 2011
In the developing vertebrate nervous system, bHLH proneural factors such as Ascl1 are known to play important regulatory roles at different stages of the neurogenic differentiation process. In spite of the wealth of information gathered on the cellular functions of proneural factors, little was known of the molecular basis for ...
Petersen Sarah C SC Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, - - 2011
Although transcription factors are known to regulate synaptic plasticity, downstream genes that contribute to neural circuit remodeling are largely undefined. In Caenorhabditis elegans, GABAergic Dorsal D (DD) motor neuron synapses are relocated to new sites during larval development. This remodeling program is blocked in Ventral D (VD) GABAergic motor neurons ...
Ayoub Albert E AE Department of Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2011
Characterizing the genetic programs that specify development and evolution of the cerebral cortex is a central challenge in neuroscience. Stem cells in the transient embryonic ventricular and subventricular zones generate neurons that migrate across the intermediate zone to the overlying cortical plate, where they differentiate and form the neocortex. It ...
Gordon Gabriel M - - 2011
This study provides a comprehensive expression analysis for the entire matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) gene family during the process of epithelial resurfacing following corneal abrasion injury in the mouse. The mRNA levels for all known MMP genes expressed in mouse, the related enzyme ADAM-10, and the known tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases ...
Shimizu Keisuke - - 2011
We examined dpp expression patterns in the pulmonate snail Lymnaea stagnalis and analyzed the functions of dpp using the Dpp signal inhibitor dorsomorphin in order to understand developmental mechanisms and evolution of shell formation in gastropods. The dpp gene is expressed in the right half of the circular area around ...
Kawano Suguru - - 2011
Autophagy is the intracellular protein degradation process which is induced by starvation. Ticks have a unique tolerance for starvation, and it is possible that this tolerance is associated with their longevity. Previously, we isolated the homologues of four autophagy-related (ATG) genes in the hard tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis, suggesting that autophagy ...
Crump Doug - - 2011
Dechlorane Plus (DP) is an additive chlorinated flame retardant comprising two major isomers, syn- and anti-DP, that is used in a variety of commercial/industrial products. It has been detected in biotic and abiotic matrices including the eggs of herring gulls collected from the Laurentian Great Lakes. However, data on potential ...
Bogolyubova I O - - 2011
Embryos of inbred mouse strains stop their cleavage at the late 2-cell stage and this phenomenon is known as the "2-cell block in vitro". In the present work we used microinjections of 5-bromouridine 5'-triphosphate (BrUTP) to examine the transcriptional status of blocked embryos. We also traced nuclear distribution of hyperphosphorylated ...
Zazueta-Novoa Vanesa - - 2011
Rho GTPases are Ras-related GTPases that regulate a variety of cellular processes. In the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, RhoA in the oocyte associates with the membrane of the cortical granules and directs their movement from the cytoplasm to the cell cortex during maturation to an egg. RhoA also plays an ...
Wang Z P - - 2011
Biliverdin is responsible for the coloration of blue eggs and is secreted onto the eggshell by the shell gland. Previous studies confirmed that a significant difference exists in biliverdin content between blue eggs and brown eggs, although the reasons are still unknown. Because the pigment is derived from oxidative degradation ...
Zuccotti Maurizio - - 2011
BACKGROUND A limitation to our ability to distinguish between developmentally competent and incompetent eggs is our still only partial knowledge of the critical features that are needed to make a good egg and when during oogenesis these specific characteristics are acquired. The main objective of this review is to summarize ...
Sima Yang-Hu - - 2011
For diapause eggs of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, diapause initiation is prevented with hydrochloric acid (HCl) at around 20 h post-oviposition while diapause status is terminated with chilling around 5°C. To investigate whether hydrogen peroxide (H(2) O(2) ) and catalase expression are involved in diapause initiation and termination, the concentration of ...
Berge Gisle - - 2011
Substantial evidence has linked the small calcium-binding protein S100A4 to metastatic progression. S100A4-mediated effects include stimulation of angiogenesis, regulation of cell death and increased cell motility and invasion, but the exact molecular mechanisms by which the protein exerts these effects are incompletely elucidated. In the present study, we demonstrate that ...
Nayak S P - - 2011
The innate immune response in fish represents an early and rapid defense against pathogens. The present study aims at looking into ontogeny of innate immune system in the teleost, Labeo rohita using RT-PCR based approach. Total RNA extracted from unfertilized and fertilized eggs, and hatchlings (hatched at 28± 2(0) C) ...
He Zhengbo - - 2011
hb (hunchback) is a contributing factor in anteroposterior axial patterning of insects. Although the hb function in Locusta migratoria manilensis has been investigated, its expression pattern remains unknown. Here, the mouse polyclonal antibody was produced against Hb fusion protein, and then its expression pattern during oogenesis and embryogenesis of L. ...
Wang Yue - - 2011
1. Overexpression of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) by monocytes/macrophages has been proposed to play a significant role in atherosclerotic plaque progression and rupture. The aim of the present study was to explore whether artemisinin, a natural extract from Artemisia annua, could decrease EMMPRIN and MMP-9 ...
Paix Alexandre - - 2011
In several species, axis formation and tissue differentiation are the result of developmental cascades which begin with the localization and translation of key maternal mRNAs in eggs. Localization and anchoring of mRNAs to cortical structures can be observed with high sensitivity and resolution by fluorescent in situ hybridization coupled with ...
Coward Kevin K Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, - - 2011
Recent studies suggest that egg activation in mammals is triggered by a sperm-specific phospholipase C, PLCzeta. In other vertebrate species such as medaka fish, chickens, and quail, PLCzeta is also expressed as a testis-specific mRNA. Functional studies suggest that PLCzeta plays a similar role as a trigger of egg activation ...
Kim Cheolmin - - 2010
Skin exposure to low-dose ultraviolet B (UVB) light up-regulates the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), thus contributing to premature skin aging (photo-aging). Although cyclooxygenase-2 (COX- 2) and its product, prostaglandin E(2) (PGE((2))), have been associated with UVB-induced signaling to MMP expression, very little are known about the roles of lipoxygenases ...
Yoon Jung Joo - - 2010
The proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells may perform a crucial role in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular disease. The principal objective of this study was to determine the effects of betulinic acid (BA) on human aortic smooth muscle cell (HASMC) proliferation induced by high glucose (HG). In this study, ...
Coward Kevin - - 2010
Recent studies suggest that egg activation in mammals is triggered by a sperm-specific phospholipase C, PLCzeta. In other vertebrate species such as medaka fish, chickens, and quail, PLCzeta is also expressed as a testis-specific mRNA. Functional studies suggest that PLCzeta plays a similar role as a trigger of egg activation ...
Oba Yuichi - - 2010
We isolated the cDNA of a luciferase isotype (LcLuc2) from the Japanese firefly, Luciola cruciata (Lampyridae, Coleoptera). The gene product of LcLuc2 (LcLuc2) showed 59% amino acid identity with firefly luciferase LcLuc1, which was previously identified in L. cruciata. The recombinant LcLuc2 showed both luminescence activity and fatty acyl-CoA synthetic ...
Gambichler T - - 2010
Mid-dermal elastolysis (MDE) is a rare disorder of the elastic tissue that is characterized histopathologically by selective loss of elastic fibres in the mid dermis. We aimed to investigate the protein and mRNA expression of extracellular matrix-related proteins and growth factors in the skin (lesional and non-lesional) of a female ...
Prakobwong Suksanti - - 2010
Peribiliary fibrosis caused by chronic infection with Opisthorchis viverrini (OV) is a risk factor of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) in northeastern Thailand. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are enzymes capable of degrading and remodeling the extracellular matrix in the process of fibrosis and carcinogenesis. We examined MMPs expression and their role in fibrogenesis and ...
Zhao Jing - - 2011
The maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) is characterized by the turnover of zygote development from maternal to zygotic control, and has been extensively studied in animals. A majority of studies have suggested that early embryogenesis is maternally controlled and that the zygotic genome remains transcriptionally inactive prior to the MZT. However, little ...
Lim Chung S CS Imperial Vascular Unit and Cytokine Biology of Vessels Group, Department of Surgery and Cancer, and the Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United - - 2011
Decreased venous tone and vein wall dilation may contribute to varicose vein formation. We have shown that prolonged vein wall stretch is associated with upregulation of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) and decreased contraction. Because hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) expression also increases with mechanical stretch, this study tested whether upregulation of HIFs is ...
Doğanlı Canan - - 2010
In mouse, knock-out of the Zfr gene encoding the zinc finger RNA-binding protein (ZFR) is associated with early lethality during gastrulation, suggesting that a pool of maternally contributed Zfr mRNA might compensate to allow development. ZFR is an ancient and highly conserved chromosome-associated protein from nematodes to mammals. We characterized ...
Namwat N - - 2011
Reversion-inducing-cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK) has been implicated in the attenuation of tumor metastasis by negatively regulating metalloproteinase (MMP) levels. RECK gene expression is downregulated in many solid tumors, with this downregulation being associated with poor prognosis. This study evaluated the role of RECK in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). The expression ...
Roberts R Michael - - 2011
In invertebrates and amphibians, informational macromolecules in egg cytoplasm are organized to provide direction to the formation of embryonic lineages, but it is unclear whether vestiges of such prepatterning exist in mammals. Here we examined whether twin blastomeres from 2-cell stage mouse embryos differ in mRNA content. mRNA from 26 ...
Gu Weijie - - 2011
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intense pulsed light (IPL) and ultraviolet A (UVA) irradiation on the expression of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1), and extracellular matrix (ECM) in human skin, and to confirm the relative mechanism. Background Data: ...
Ghaderian Sayyed Mohammad Hossein - - 2010
Current evidence indicates that extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is a component of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) has a role in early atherosclerosis, plaque rupture and myocardial infarction (MI). The necessity of inhibition of ECM remodeling and subsequent injuries in patients with AMI suggests that MMP might ...
Kimura Kaoru - - 2010
1. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are associated with the vascular remodelling seen in atherosclerosis and aneurysm. The activation and activity of MMP-2 are regulated by the intrinsic tissue inhibitor of MMP-2 (TIMP-2). The aim of the present study was to examine whether, conversely, MMP-2 can affect the gene and protein expression ...
Liu Yan-Li - - 2011
The N-myc downstream-regulated gene-1 (NDRG1) has recently been proposed as a metastasis suppressor, but its precise role remains unclear. To investigate whether NDRG1 can indeed influence the metastasis progress, expression of endogenous NDRG1 was knocked down in human AGS gastric adenocarcinoma cells using RNA interference. Stable NDRG1 "silenced" transfectants showed ...
Schelter Florian - - 2011
The "protease web", representing the network of proteases, their inhibitors, and effector molecules, arises as a pivotal determinant of tissue homeostasis. Imbalances of this network, for instance caused by elevated host levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), have been shown to increase the susceptibility of target organs to scattered ...
Ren Shuang - - 2011
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially MMP-9, have been found to increase the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor, a possible regulator of acrolein-induced mucin expression in the airway epithelium. The aim of this study was to investigate whether doxycycline, a tetracycline antibiotic that inhibits MMPs, attenuates mucus production and synthesis ...
Min R - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the anti-invasion effect of Shikonin on human high-metastatic adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC-M) cells and to explain the possible molecular mechanism involved. The ACC-M cells were treated with Shikonin (0, 2.5, 5, 10 μM) for 24 h. The protein levels and gelatinolytic activities ...
Lin Ching-Hsiung - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) has been implicated in airway injury in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung inflammation, and lung cancer and plays a major role in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-stimulated tumor invasion and lung inflammation. MMP-9 activity is promoted by the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α. GMI, cloned from Ganoderma microsporum ...
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