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Results 401 - 450 of 1974
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Mateos-Cáceres Petra J - - 2008
The effect of pravastatin on matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and the level of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2 was studied in explants of human abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) obtained from 13 patients. The effect of pravastatin on the apoptotic status of human AAA explants was also examined. Total MMP-9 ...
Tang Xiao-Yun - - 2008
It has been verified that endothelin-1 (ET-1) activates matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) in the process of myocardial remodeling. Sustained high thyroid hormone level gives rise to left ventricular hypertrophy, in which the ET-1 system is probably involved.We attempted to study the effects of CPU0213, a novel endothelin receptor antagonist, on myocardial ...
Morozevich G E - - 2008
Expression of alpha5beta1 integrin in the drug-resistant MCF-7/ADR breast carcinoma cells was inhibited by treatment of these cells with alpha5-specific siRNA. The decrease of alpha5beta1 expression resulted in a sharp decrease of expression of MMP-2 collagenase and inhibition of invasion activity of these cells in vitro. Similar decrease of invasion ...
Pang Zhan-Jun - - 2008
PROBLEM: A successful human pregnancy requires cytotrophoblasts from the fetal portion of the placenta to adopt tumor-like properties. But unlike tumor metastasis, cytotrophoblast invasion is highly regulated both spatially and temporally. The mechanisms that regulate human trophoblast invasion are understood poorly. METHOD OF STUDY: With a view to obtain some ...
Wu Xiao-Fei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate the role of estrogen in the formation of experimental abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: Elastase perfusion of infrarenal AAA animal model was performed in 20 female and 20 male Wistar rats that were randomly divided into an ovariectomized/sham-operated group and an estradiol (E2) ...
Xiao Hua - - 2008
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) at different doses on collagen synthesis and decomposition in cultured cardiac fibroblasts from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat. Cardiac fibroblasts were treated with IL-1beta (0.01, 0.1, 1, 10, 100 ng/mL) for 24 h. Cell DNA synthesis was measured by (3)H-thymidine ((3)H-TdR) ...
Alizadeh Hassan - - 2008
The involvement of the mannose-induced Acanthamoeba cytopathic protein (MIP-133) in tissue injury and activation of metalloproteinase of corneal and stromal cells was examined in vitro. Activation of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9 induced by MIP-133 on human corneal epithelial and stromal cell cultures was examined by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain ...
Zou Yiping - - 2009
Intimal hyperplasia remains the principal lesion in the development of restenosis after vessel wall injury. Modulation of the extracellular matrix by proteases is a pivotal component of the response to injury. The aim of this study is to characterize the changes in gelatinase (MMP-2/TIMP-2 and MMP-9/TIMP-1) systems in a murine ...
Yang Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether cyclophilin A (CypA) can up-regulate the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in monocytes/macrophages and whether CD147 facilitates this regulation in RA. Methods. Peripheral blood monocytes were isolated from RA patients and differentiated into macrophages by M-CSF (15 ng/ml). Under CypA stimulation (200 ng/ml), the protein release ...
Nadler Evan P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Biliary atresia (BA) is a progressive obliteration of the extrahepatic bile ducts resulting in hepatic fibrosis. The underlying mechanisms have not been defined. We used an animal model of BA to evaluate mediators of extracellular matrix (ECM) processing to determine which factors may be involved. METHODS: Newborn BALB/c mice ...
Lee Chin-Hai - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are commonly expressed in carcinomas including oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs). On the other hand, some evidences suggested that ingredients of betel quid (BQ) inhibit the activity and/or expression of some MMPs thought to be the pathogenesis of oral submucous fibrosis. This study was to analyse whether ...
Jalian H Ray - - 2008
Propionibacterium acnes is a critical component in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris, stimulating the production of various inflammatory mediators, such as cytokines and chemokines, important in the local inflammatory response found in acne. This study explored the role of P. acnes and its ability to induce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in ...
Dasilva Angelika Goncalves - - 2008
Several matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) members contribute to pathology in multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). As the role of MMP-12 in EAE has been understudied, we examined its expression in EAE and in vitro. MMP-12 transcripts increased with EAE, and protein was localized to a subset of macrophages/microglia. The ...
Cancela Martín - - 2008
Secreted cysteine proteases are relevant actors in parasite biology, taking part in critical host colonization roles such as traversing tissue barriers, immune evasion and nutrient digestion. In the trematode Fasciola hepatica, the initial step to successful infection of the mammalian host is the excystment of metacercariae and the invasion through ...
Seomun Young - - 2008
The importance of expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) in keratinocyte migration is well established, but its role remains unclear. Here we investigated the function of MMP-14 in TGF-beta1-induced keratinocyte migration. TGF-beta1 stimulated cell migration and the expression of MMP-2, -9 in HaCaT human keratinocyte cells. When we lowered MMP-14 mRNA ...
Ohno Tsunehisa - - 2008
Vocal fold scarring remains a therapeutic challenge. Our research group has indicated that bone marrow-derived stromal cells (BSCs) may have therapeutic potential in restoration of injured vocal folds. However, it is still unclear how BSCs restore the viscoelasticity of vocal fold mucosa. Since a feature of vocal fold scarring is ...
Lee Hongsik - - 2008
Activated pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of pancreatic fibrosis, but the detailed mechanism for dysregulated accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) remains unclear. Cultured rat PSCs become activated by profibrogenic mediators, but these mediators failed to alter the expression levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) to ...
Moshal Karni S - - 2008
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is associated with atherosclerotic events involving the modulation of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism and the activation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenase-2J2 (CYP2J2) is abundant in the heart endothelium, and its AA metabolites epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) mitigates inflammation through NF-kappabeta. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms for ...
Yoshida Daizo - - 2008
Degradation and remodelling of the extracellular matrix has been investigated, with the main focus on the balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP). Recent reports disclose the presence of a novel MMP-inhibiting cell membrane-anchored glycoprotein designated 'reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs' (RECK). Our main aim ...
Sinpitaksakul Sariya Nuchanardpanit - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) plays roles in cancer progression by degrading the extracellular matrix and basement membrane. Many growth factors including Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) could induce MMP-9 expression. We demonstrated that TGF-beta1 induced MMP-9 mRNA and protein in human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. Application of TGF-beta ...
Yu Jing - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The CC chemokines, regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) and macrophage-inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), have been identified as potential contributors to the pathogenesis and the progression of endometriosis. Dioxin, an air pollutant, and estrogen also appear to be involved in endometriosis. The aim of this study was ...
Chandler Heather L - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine whether ultraviolet (UV) radiation can modulate expression and regulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in the canine cornea and to examine the expression of MMPs in canine chronic superficial keratitis (CSK). METHODS: Immunohistochemistry for MMP-2 and MMP-9 was performed on samples of CSK. In vitro, canine corneal epithelial ...
Mao Yong-Zhong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of congenital choledochal cyst (CCC) is still not well elucidated. This study was conducted to detect the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 and 2 (MMP-1 and MMP-2) in CCC. The roles of MMP-1 and MMP-2 in CCC formation were also discussed. METHODS: Specimens of CCC and gallbladders were ...
Lee Li-Yu - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) MMP-2 and MMP-9 can degrade type IV collagen of extracellular matrix and basal membranes. Claudin-4 is a member of a large family of transmembrane proteins, claudins, essential in the formation and maintenance of tight junctions. Claudin-4 has been shown to activate MMP-2, indicating that claudin-mediated increased cancer ...
MacLean Jeffrey J - - 2008
Kinetics of mRNA expression following a single loading event was measured using an in vivo rat tail model. Animals were instrumented and loaded in compression for 1.5 h at 1 MPa and 1 Hz. Real-time RT-PCR was used to measure mRNA levels 0, 8, 24 and 72 h after mechanical ...
Schwettmann Lutz - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: ADAMs (A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease) are multifunctional, membrane-bound and soluble cell surface glycoproteins with numerous functions in cell physiology. We assessed the expression of ADAMs in fibrotic liver disease of different aetiologies and clarified whether the expression of ADAMs is related to histological staging of fibrosis. In addition, the ...
Sugino Haruko - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The effect of polaprezinc, a zinc-carnosine chelate compound, on the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) was investigated in dietary methionine and choline deficient (MCD) mice. METHODS: Mice were fed the MCD diet with or without polaprezinc (2.2 g/kg diet) for 10 weeks. Liver histopathology, triglyceride and lipid ...
Karousou Evgenia - - 2008
Tendon integrity depends on the extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism which is regulated by proteolytic enzymes. However, it is unclear which enzymes play a role in tendon rupture. We studied the ECM of 19 ruptured human Achilles tendons, comparing the composition of specimens harvested close to the rupture with specimens harvested ...
Hsieh Hsi-Lung - - 2008
Many reports have shown that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 plays an important role in brain inflammation and diseases. In our previous study, bradykinin (BK) has been shown to induce proMMP-9 expression via MAPKs and NF-kappaB in rat brain astrocytes (RBA-1). However, the molecular mechanisms and physiological roles underlying BK-induced MMP-9 expression ...
Grandas Oscar H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postmenopausal women receiving hormone replacement therapy have more adverse outcomes after vascular reconstructions. Estrogen-binding receptors have been identified on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), indicating that vascular function may be under direct hormonal control. A key group of enzymes involved in vascular remodeling are matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Here we ...
Guan Su-Min - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play pivotal roles in inflammatory diseases including chronic periodontitis. The effects of Prevotella intermedia, a major periodontal pathogen, on MMP-9 production in primary human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cells were examined in the present study. MMP-9 mRNA expression was measured by semiquantitative reverse transcriptase PCR and its protein ...
Neumann Carolin - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta2 on the expression of (1) elastin and type VI collagen (ColVI), (2) extracellular matrix (ECM)-degrading matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs) and regulators of their activity/activation, and (3) the involvement of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in the TGF-beta2-mediated regulations in cultured human type-1A ...
Chua Huey-Huey - - 2008
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and has high metastatic potential. Discoidin domain receptors (DDR1, DDR2) are receptor-type tyrosine kinases activated by collagen. Their ability to induce expression of matrix metalloproteinase is related with tumor invasion. Therefore, we aim to investigate DDRs gene expression and its regulation ...
Murugan Avaniyapuram Kannan - - 2008
SWAP-70 is a protein involved in actin rearrangement, especially in membrane ruffling. Mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) deficient in SWAP-70 show impaired membrane ruffling and fail to grow in soft agar after transformation by v-Src. Here, we show that v-Src transformed MEFs expressing SWAP-70 are highly invasive. MEFs expressing SWAP-70 or ...
Alvarez Jorge I - - 2008
During the course of murine neurocysticercosis (NCC), disruption of the unique protective barriers in the central nervous system (CNS) is evidenced by extravasation of leukocytes. This process varies according to the anatomical sites and diverse vascular beds analyzed. To examine mechanisms involved in the observed differences, the expression and activity ...
Lai K - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) are involved in tumour invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis, and have been implicated as progression markers in uveal melanoma, although their topographical expression has not been fully described. In this study we compared the distribution and specificity of several classes of MMPs ...
Itatsu Keita - - 2008
Cholangiocarcinoma of the perihilar, hilar, and extrahepatic bile ducts (collectively referred to as the large bile ducts) is an intractable disease, and a papillary phenotype and well-differentiated histologic grade have been proposed as indicators of a favorable prognosis after surgical resection. In this study, we examined the significance of matrix ...
Trudel Dominique - - 2008
Overexpression of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2 is associated with poor prognosis in many tumor types. Membrane-type-1 MMP (MMP14) activates MMP2 using pro-MMP2 specific inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of matrix proteinase 2 (TIMP2), as a receptor. We evaluated, by immunohistochemistry on 189 T3N0-2M0 prostate cancer (Pca) cases, the influence of MMP2, ...
Liu Xinjie - - 2008
Accumulating evidences have demonstrated that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to the pathophysiology of bacterial meningitis. MMPs facilitate leukocyte extravasation and brain edema by degradation of extracellular matrix components. Dexamethasone as adjunctive therapy to antibiotics has shown to have beneficial effects on pathophysiological changes and neurological outcome in children with meningitis ...
Chang Shu-Hui SH Department of Pathology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital - Kaohsiung Medical Center, Kaohsiung 833, - - 2008
Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) has oncogenic and metastasis-promoting activity. We found that LMP1 down-regulated the anti-metastatic protein tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3) in EBV-negative nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells. Promoter assay demonstrated that LMP1 inhibited TIMP-3 via transcription repression and the response element is located at the -44/+28 ...
Martin Richard - - 2008
Chronic UV exposure is responsible for long term clinical manifestations such as photoaging and photocancers. One of the major events involved in the development of skin photodamage is up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1). In this study, the effects of a water-soluble extract of Rosmarinus officinalis (Ro) on the expression of ...
Iwai S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) regulated by ets transcription factors facilitate carcinoma cell invasion. An ets family member, ESE-1, is expressed specifically in epithelial tissues, but its association with MMPs is obscure. In this study, we investigated whether ESE-1 regulates invasion of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) via transcriptional activity of ...
Herszényi László - - 2008
It has been proposed that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a role in tumor invasion. We determined protein expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in colorectal cancer (CRC), corresponding normal mucosa and colorectal adenomas. For confirmation of immunohistochemical results MMP-9 TaqMan RT-PCR analysis was performed. Expression of MMP-9 was determined on paraffin ...
Struckmann K - - 2008
Loss of pVHL function, characteristic for clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), causes increased expression of CXCR4 chemokine receptor, which triggers expression of metastasis-associated MMP2/MMP9 in different human cancers. The impact of pVHL on MMP2/MMP9 expression and their relationship to CXCR4 and its ligand CXCL12 in ccRCC is unclear. By using ...
Paul Sumit - - 2008
Endometriosis is a gynecological disease of women and plausibly regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). However, mechanisms of alterations in MMPs during endometriosis remain unclear. Human endometriotic tissues possessing varying degrees of severity were examined for expression of MMPs and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1. In addition, endometriosis was generated in ...
Madigan Michele C - - 2008
Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN/CD147) is a multifunctional membrane glycoprotein overexpressed in many solid tumors, and involved in tumor invasion and angiogenesis. We investigated EMMPRIN expression in human prostate cancer (CaP) tissues and cells, and evaluated whether EMMPRIN expression is related to tumor progression and matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) expression in ...
Gordon John N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In both ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) there is a marked increase in mucosal IgG plasma cells (PC), although their precise role is not well established. In this study we isolated gut PCs from patients with IBD and normal controls and analyzed cytokine production, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 ...
Wallace Alison M - - 2008
An abnormal increase in proteolytic enzymes is thought to play a key role in pulmonary emphysema. Alveolar macrophage proteolytic enzymes include cathepsin L, cathepsin S, matrix metalloproteinase 1, 9, and 12, and a number of studies have implicated these proteinases in the alveolar destruction that characterizes emphysema. The aim of ...
Moon Hee Jung - - 2008
Ultraviolet (UV)B irradiation induces the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) by activating cellular signaling transduction pathways, which are responsible for the degradation or synthesis inhibition of collagenous extracellular matrix in connective tissues, causing skin photoaging. Using the human skin fibroblast (HS68) cell line in the present study, we investigated the ...
Molloy E S - - 2008
To determine the mechanism of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 upregulation in osteoarthritic synovial fibroblasts (OASF) in response to stimulation with basic calcium phosphate (BCP) crystals and to investigate the effect of prostaglandin (PG)E2 on BCP crystal-stimulated MMP expression. Primary OASF were stimulated with BCP crystals; mRNA expression was measured by real-time ...
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