Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1973
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Mizobe Yurika - - 2008
Elastic fibers in the dermis play an important role in skin elasticity. The desmosine crosslinking structure constructed of lysyl oxidase (LOX) in elastic fibers contributes to elasticity, while elastic fibers are primarily degraded by one of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), MMP-12. We investigated the gender differences and diurnal variation of ...
Hua Yinan - - 2009
Recently, aspirin has been shown to alleviate matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this study, the effects of aspirin on oxidative low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-stimulated human monocyte-derived macrophages were examined. Following treatment of cells with aspirin, MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression and release were significantly reduced. ...
Meng Dan - - 2009
Benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) has been shown to accelerate atherosclerosis development in animal models. However, the mechanisms that B[a]P induces atherogenesis are unclear. Abnormal migration and invasion of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a major contributor to the development of atherosclerotic lesions. In this article, we demonstrated that B[a]P promoted the ...
Aupperle Heike - - 2010
The histomorphological findings and immunohistochemical expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs-1, 2, 9 and 14) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs-2, 3 and 4) are reported in the parietal (pTV) and septal leaflets (sTV) of the tricuspid valves in normal dogs and dogs with chronic valvular disease (CVD). The layers of the ...
Gordon, Gabriel Mikal
Epithelial wound healing is a common occurrence in many organisms. In spite of a long history of study in this field, we do not have a complete understanding of the molecular and cellular mechanisms of wound healing, which is a key element to appreciate in order to modulate this process ...
Strååt Klas - - 2009
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) has been suggested to contribute to the development of vascular diseases. Since matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in atherosclerosis and plaque rupture, we investigated the effect of HCMV infection on MMP expression in human macrophages. We used quantitative real-time PCR, Western blotting, and gelatin zymography to ...
Carneiro Everdan - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in apical periodontitis lesions. Nineteen epithelialized and 18 nonepithelialized apical periodontitis lesions were collected after periapical surgery. After histological processing, serial sectioning, H&E staining, and microscopic analysis, 10 epithelialized and 10 nonepithelialized lesions were selected for ...
Rylski Marcin - - 2009
Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is an extracellularly operating enzyme involved in the synaptic plasticity, hippocampal-dependent long term memory and neurodegeneration. Previous studies have shown its upregulation following seizure-evoking stimuli. Herein, we show that in the rat brain, MMP-9 mRNA expression in response to pentylenetetrazole-evoked neuronal depolarization is transient. Furthermore, we demonstrate ...
Yamamoto Eiko - - 2009
For successful human placentation, invasion of trophoblast cells into the uterus and its associated vasculature is essential, and the regulation of this process is controlled by many factors at the fetal-maternal interface. N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V) is a key enzyme that catalyzes beta1, 6-N-acetylglucosamine (beta1-6GlcNAc) branching on asparagine-linked oligosaccharides of cell ...
Liang Ji-An - - 2009
Vanillin has been reported to exhibit anti-invasive and antimetastatic activities by suppressing the enzymatic activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). However, the underlying mechanism of anti-invasive activity remains unclear so far. Herein we demonstrate that vanillin reduced 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced MMP-9 gelatinolytic activity and suppressed cell invasion through the down-regulation of MMP-9 ...
Grandas Oscar H - - 2009
Postmenopausal women receiving hormone replacement therapy (HRT) have been reported to have more adverse outcomes after vascular reconstructions, including increased intimal hyperplasia development and bypass graft failure. HRT may be affecting the pathway contributing to intimal hyperplasia. An important component of this pathway involves matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), implicated in vascular ...
Chen Fei - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether human veins responded to surgical handling with acute remodelling by measuring matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) expression and activity. DESIGN: Saphenous veins were collected from 24 patients (12 stable angina, 12 unstable angina) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Expression of MMP9 and its regulators (plasminogen activators, plasminogen ...
Gondi Christopher S - - 2008
We have previously demonstrated the effectiveness of simultaneous RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated downregulation of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in inhibiting tumor invasion in vitro and in vivo. In particular, we have shown that the downregulation of uPAR and MMP-9 inhibits intracranial tumor growth. The mechanism of ...
Baniţă Monica - - 2008
Gingival overgrowth occurs as a response to several drugs, in some systemic diseases, as a consequence of a genetic predisposition or could be idiopathic, the last being less studied. Independently of the etiological factor involved, histological changes are maintained and intensified by the presence of the bacterial plaque. Fibrotic mucosa ...
Chen Li - - 2009
Implantation of mouse embryos is dependent on the proliferation and differentiation of uterine stromal cells in a process called decidualization. Decidualization both supports and limits the invasion of the implanting embryo and is regulated in part by the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors, the tissue inhibitors of ...
Kopitz Charlotte - - 2008
Formation of multiple and scattered metastases in target organs, leading to disruption of organ functional integrity, is the death-determining step for most lethal cancers. In the clinic, elevated expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) is often associated with increased aggressiveness of cancer. We demonstrated that elevated host expression of ...
Kao Y-H - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Our previous study noticed remarkably elevated titers of anti-high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) antibodies in sera during the tolerance induction phase of a rat tolerogenic orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) as well as in sera of clinically drug-free patients. We hypothesized that the release of nonhistone nuclear protein HMGB1 during ...
Suh Seok-Jong - - 2008
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-9 and MMP-2) production and smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration may play key roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic lesions. In particular, the cancer cell invasion and SMC migration through vascular wall were shown to be directly associated with inducible MMP-9 expression. Previously, 3,4,5-trihydoroxybenzaldehyde (THBA) was purified ...
Kuramochi D - - 2008
Fat tissue is a common material for autologous transplantation in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) ameliorates the fat graft survival. A transplantation model has shown the gene expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) to increase in adipocytes. The aim of this study is to investigate the role ...
Ahn Jun-Seok - - 2008
Tissue transglutaminase (TGase 2) has been reported to have multiple functions in addition to its function as a biological adhesive. To identify its roles, we investigated the effects of TGase 2 on gelatinase activity. The MMP-9 activity of certain cell lines was significantly inhibited with retinoic acid treatment, and this ...
Thornton G M - - 2010
Tendinopathy commonly occurs in tendons with large in vivo loading demands like the Achilles tendon (AT) and supraspinatus tendon (SST). In addition to differences in their local anatomic environment, these tendons are designed for different loading requirements because of the muscles to which they attach, with the AT experiencing higher ...
Wang Jiayong - - 2008
Integrin alphaupsilonbeta6 plays a very important role in the progression of colon cancer cells and is now defined as a novel, independent prognostic indicator for aggressive colon cancer in humans. Herein, we use the RNA interfering technology to downregulate the expression of alphaupsilonbeta6 in colon cancer cells. Our data demonstrate ...
Kim Su-Jung - - 2009
Gingival fibroblast cells (rGF) from aged rats have an age-related decline in proliferative capacity compared with young rats. We investigated G1 phase cell cycle regulation and MMP-9 expression in both young and aged rGF. G1 cell cycle protein levels and activity were significantly reduced in response to interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) stimulation ...
Murillo Carlos A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Neointimal thickening is the major cause of restenosis after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid stenting. The biologic behavior of these lesions is regulated by the interaction between smooth muscle cells (SMCs), endothelial cells (ECs), and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Although the contribution of the cellular components of neointimal lesions ...
Nathu Zahra - - 2009
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) has been known to play a role in anterior subcapsular cataract (ASC) formation and posterior capsule opacification (PCO), both of which are fibrotic pathologies of the lens. Several models have been utilized to study ASC formation, including the TGFbeta1 transgenic mouse model and the ex-vivo ...
Zhao Xueyan - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), a proteolytic enzyme for matrix proteins, chemokines and cytokines, is a major target in cancer and autoimmune diseases, since it is aberrantly upregulated. To control MMP-9 expression in pathological conditions, it is necessary to understand the regulatory mechanisms of MMP-9 expression. MMP-9 gene expression is regulated primarily ...
Hu Tao - - 2008
Primary cultured rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were exposed to different intensities of low-frequency electromagnetic fields (LFEMFs) at 20, 40, and 60 mT for different time periods (10, 20, and 30 minutes). Furthermore, osteopontin (OPN) mRNA and protein expressions were determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and ...
Beidler Stephanie K SK Department of Surgery, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, - - 2008
Elevated matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) levels have been implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic venous insufficiency ulcers. Quantitative measurements of a broad range of MMP proteins in human tissue treated with compression bandaging have not been reported. The goal of this study was to determine the expression of a wide range ...
Xu Dong-Hui - - 2008
AIM: To explore the existence and distribution of prohibitin (PHB) in nuclear matrix and its co-localization with products of some related genes during the differentiation of human hepatocarcinoma SMMC-7721 cells. METHODS: The nuclear matrix of the SMMC-7721 cells cultured with or without 5 multiply 10(-3) mmol/L hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA) was ...
Kowalewski Radoslaw - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Extensive extracellular matrix remodeling of the vein wall is involved in varicose veins pathogenesis. The process is controlled by numerous factors, including peptide growth factors. The aim of the study was to evaluate acidic (aFGF) and basic (bFGF) fibroblast growth factors, their receptor (FGFR) and the MAP kinase pathway ...
Rae Michael T - - 2009
To obtain proof-of-concept that locally produced anti-inflammatory steroids suppress ovulation-associated extracellular matrix proteases in human ovarian surface epithelial (OSE) cells. Primary OSE cell cultures treated with interleukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha) (500 pg/mL) as proxy for inflammation, with/without anti-inflammatory steroid (cortisol or progesterone [P], 0.01-1.0 microM). Academic medical center. Sixteen premenopausal women (29-46 ...
Rezaei Arezou - - 2008
Aim: N-acetylcysteine can inhibit the formation of intracellular reactive oxygen intermediates. Cellular redox state plays a role in regulating the secretion of matrix metalloproteinase-2. We investigated the effects of N-acetylcysteine on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-2. Methods: Bile duct ligated rats were used as ...
Zhang Wei - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases regulate extracellular matrix turnover in cardiac tissues. However, alteration of matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases during atrial fibrillation is unclear. This study aims to determine (a) the relationship between altered expressions of matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases and ...
Tye Coralee E CE Department of Cytokine Biology, Forsyth Institute, Boston, Mass. 02115, - - 2009
The enamel matrix proteins (amelogenin, enamelin and ameloblastin) are degraded by matrix metalloproteinase-20 and kallikrein-4 during enamel development and mature enamel is virtually protein free. The precise mechanism of removal and degradation of the enamel protein cleavage products from the matrix, however, remains poorly understood. It has been proposed that ...
Zhang Yong - - 2008
Interstitial cell migration through extracellular matrix is a hallmark of the inflammation response, tumor invasion, and metastasis. We have established a stable zebrafish transgenic line expressing enhanced GFP under the lysozyme C promoter for visualizing and measuring primitive macrophage migration in vivo. We show that tissue-resident primitive macrophages migrate rapidly ...
Hohberger Laurie - - 2008
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: It is well known that invasion is a seminal event in the progression of oral and other head and neck carcinoma sites. We have previously demonstrated tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and its dependent cytokines are upregulated in saliva during oral carcinogenesis. TNF-dependent events stimulate nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and many ...
Can Ilknur Haberal - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of MMP-2, MMP-7, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 in patients with nasal polyposis (NP) and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study involved 54 patients. There were three groups: nasal polyposis group, chronic rhinosinusitis group, and control group. Specimens ...
Benekareddy Madhurima - - 2008
Antidepressants induce structural remodeling in the adult hippocampus, including changes in dendritic arbors, axonal sprouting, neurogenesis, and endothelial cell proliferation. Such forms of structural plasticity take place in the context of the extracellular matrix environment and are known to be regulated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), in particular MMP-2/9, and their ...
Gaetje Regine - - 2008
Membrane proteins of the claudin superfamily are important components of cellular tight and adherens junctions. Although their exact function remains unclear, these proteins may play a role in tissue remodeling, a process which is associated with several diseases including endometriosis. In the present work we analyzed the expression of 13 ...
Ling Hong-Yan - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the effects of the sensitizer rosiglitazone on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) induced by high glucose administration. METHODS: VSMCs were isolated from rat thoracic aortas and cultured in 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). VSMC proliferation was evaluated by methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and cell ...
Tan Hui - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: CD147 is one of the molecules involved in regulating the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The goal of this study was to analyze the expression levels of CD147 and MMP-2 in differentiated thyroid carcinomas (DTCs) tissues, as well as their associations with the clinicopathologic features of DTC patients. METHODS: ...
Kim Sangmin - - 2008
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation accelerates formation of ceramide through hydrolysis of sphingomyelin and de novo synthesis. Here, we investigated the effects of ceramide on UV-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) expression in human dermal fibroblasts. Our results showed that acidic-sphingomyelinase (aSMase) and MMP-1 mRNA expression were increased by UV irradiation. Treatment of D609 ...
Chen Chien-Lung - - 2008
Remodeling of atrial extracellular matrix (ECM) in atrial fibrillation (AF) involves changes in the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs). The contributions of MMPs and TIMPs to the pathogenesis of AF development have not been clearly defined. This study evaluated the in situ activity and ...
Huang Zhouqing - - 2008
The extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) is significant in the regulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) synthesis in atherosclerosis-related cells, and is possibly involved in the progression of atherosclerotic plaque. EMMPRIN expression is also up-regulated in PMA-induced THP-1 cells and is inhibited by resveratrol. However, it remains unclear how resveratrol inhibits ...
Limaye Anil M - - 2008
The relative activities of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their natural inhibitors (tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases, TIMPs) determine the extent of matrix degradation in any tissue. Their identification and characterization is key towards understanding remodeling of the prostate in the context of both castration induced atrophy and tumor invasion and ...
Gonçalves L D R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) are known to be involved in the periodontal disease process. Results of in vivo MMPs and TIMPs gene expressions in the gingiva, though, are still controversial. In the present study, we compared the gene expression of MMP-1, -2, -9, -13 and ...
Robinson Emily K - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of endopeptidases induced under inflammatory conditions in the intestine which possess the capacity to degrade components of the extracellular matrix. We have previously demonstrated that MMP-2 expression correlates with increased inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) production in the stomach and that iNOS is upregulated ...
Kyaw-Tanner M T - - 2008
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Enzymatic separation at the hoof lamellar dermal-epidermal interface may play a role in the development of laminitis and characterising and locating matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (tissue inhibitors of MMPs or TIMPs) in lamellar tissues may further understanding of pathogenesis. OBJECTIVES: To clone and sequence ...
Sadick H - - 2008
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) has been identified as an important regulator of wound healing. Recent developments in molecular therapy offer exciting prospects for the modulation of wound healing, specifically those targeting TGF-beta1. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of TGF-beta1 targeting on the expression of matrix ...
Mateos-Cáceres Petra J - - 2008
The effect of pravastatin on matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and the level of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2 was studied in explants of human abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) obtained from 13 patients. The effect of pravastatin on the apoptotic status of human AAA explants was also examined. Total MMP-9 ...
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