Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1974
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Gou Xingchun - - 2009
HAb18G/CD147, a transmembrane glycoprotein highly expressed in various types of malignant cells, mainly functions as an inducer of matrix metalloproteinases to promote tumor growth, invasion and metastasis. However, whether there are other mechanisms underlying the role of HAb18G/CD147 in tumor progression remains to be elucidated. In this study, we investigated ...
Sivaramakrishnan V - - 2009
Morin--a bioflavonoid is a naturally available dietary agent believed to impede cancer promotion and progression. The present study was conducted to decipher, in vivo, the role of morin on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB)-p65 during diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in Wistar albino rats. ...
Jung Jae-Chang JC Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South - - 2009
The role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in collagen fibrillogenesis during development has been studied in the well-characterized chicken metatarsal tendon. Collagen fibrils are initially assembled as intermediates, and the mature fibrils assemble by linear and lateral growth from these intermediates. We hypothesize that this involves the turnover of fibril-associated molecules ...
Chiu H-C - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Membrane type-I matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) regulate the activation of MMP-2; however, their roles in the activation of MMP-2 in gingiva during treatment with cyclosporine A are still unknown. Therefore, the expressions of membrane type-I MMP and TIMP-2, as well as MMP-2, ...
Di Sabatino A - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In addition to its crucial role in dampening tissue-damaging immune responses in the gut, transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) is a potent profibrogenic agent inducing collagen synthesis and regulating the balance between matrix-degrading matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs). TGFbeta signalling was investigated by analysis of ...
Sahin Ayguen - - 2009
We previously reported that the inactivation of the Ets 1 transcription factor by a specific decoy strategy reduces rat C6 glioma cell proliferation and mmp-9 expression. In the present study, we analysed the effects of the dominant-negative form of Ets 1 (Ets-DB) on rat C6 glioma cell proliferation, migration, invasion, ...
Lorencini Márcio - - 2009
In periodontal disease, extensive disorganization of the extracellular matrix promotes the loss of adhesion between the teeth and periodontium. A previous study suggested a reduction in the area occupied by collagen in the gingiva, during the first week of periodontal disease induction, however, the remaining fibers were more compact and ...
Pedersen G - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in tissue damage associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).As the role of the intestinal epithelium in this process is unknown, we determined MMP expression and enzyme activity in human colonic epithelial cells (CEC). MMP mRNA expression was assessed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction in ...
Pockert Aneta J - - 2009
Intervertebral disc degeneration is linked to loss of extracellular matrix (ECM), particularly the early loss of aggrecan. A group of metalloproteinases called aggrecanases are important mediators of aggrecan turnover. The present study was undertaken to investigate the expression of the recognized aggrecanases and their inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3 ...
Lee Sang Eun - - 2009
A difference of the interleukin-18 (IL-18) mRNA expression among several proinflammatory genes was previously observed between large plaque (LP) psoriasis patients (more than 5 cm lesions are typical) and small plaque (SP) psoriasis patients (1~2 cm lesions are typical). Therefore, it is necessary to test whether there is any difference ...
Chen Jing-Song JS Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery , The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2009
To investigate the status of Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/PTEN/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and its correlation with clinicopathological features and matrix metalloproteinase-2, -9 (MMP-2, 9) in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PTEN, Phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT), Phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), MMP-2, MMP-9 and Ki-67 expression levels were evaluated by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays ...
Hu Yu-hua - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies demonstrated that mutant IkappaBalpha (IkappaBalphaM) inhibited the occurrence, growth and angiogenesis of human glioblastoma multiform (GBM). However, the specific mechanism by which IkappaBalphaM regulates protein-degrading enzymes secreted from GBM to inhibit invasion and metastasis has remained unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate ...
Husslein H - - 2009
MMP-3 has been detected in human placenta and reduced expression of the enzyme was observed in invasive trophoblasts of patients with severe preeclampsia. However, detailed expression pattern, regulation and biological properties of the placental protease have not been elucidated so far. RT-PCR analyses, Western blotting and enzyme activity assays revealed ...
Lund Amie K AK Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute,Department of Toxicology, Albuquerque, NM 87108, - - 2009
Mechanisms of air pollution-induced exacerbation of cardiovascular disease are currently unknown, thus we examined the roles of vascular endothelin-1 (ET-1) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in regulating mediators of vascular remodeling, namely matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), after exposure to vehicle engine emissions. ApoE(-/-) mice were exposed by inhalation to filtered air ...
Hung Wen-Chun - - 2009
Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a major indole metabolite in cruciferous vegetables, has been shown to inhibit invasion of breast cancer cells. This study addressed the effect of I3C on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and clarified the underlying mechanism. Migration, invasion, and MMP-2 activity of MCF-7 breast cancer cells were dose-dependently ...
Kamioka Mikio - - 2009
Adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) is an aggressive disease characterized by visceral invasion, and ATL regulates matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activities of the endothelial cells. The controlling system of MMP activities in ATL is regulated by various factors such as Emmprin and tissue inhibitor of MMP. In this study, we demonstrated that ...
Prakobwong Suksanti - - 2009
The liver fluke Opisthorchis viverrini is endemic in southeastern Asia, and causes cholangiocarcinoma and liver fibrosis. We investigated the time profile of the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) in relation to peribiliary fibrosis in O. viverrini-infected hamsters. Hepatic mRNA expression of MMPs, TIMPs, cytokines ...
Lan Yu-Qing - - 2009
PURPOSE: An increase of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) has been found to improve outflow through the uveoscleral pathway. This experiment was designed to test whether reduction of inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B alpha (IkappaBalpha) levels could enhance MMP-2 expression in human ciliary muscle (HCM) cells in vitro. METHODS: The small ...
Zhang Jin - - 2009
The human ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) is susceptible to injury but has poor healing response, whereas an injured MCL (medial collateral ligament) can be repaired relatively well. Since MMPs (matrix metalloproteases) and TIMPs (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteases) are involved in this tissue remodeling process, investigation of different response of MMPs ...
Szymanowska Malgorzata - - 2009
Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN/basigin/CD147) is a cell surface protein, which has been associated with the induction of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) genes during cancer metastasis. EMMPRIN plays a role in a variety of physiological processes as is evident by the diverse deficiencies detectable in EMMPRIN knockout mice. We have analysed ...
Yanti - - 2009
Periodontitis is initiated by accumulation of microbial plaque and activation of gingival inflammation through overexpression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), leading to tissue destruction. Natural MMP inhibitors may be developed as therapeutic agents against periodontitis. In this study, panduratin A, a natural bioactive compound isolated from Kaempferia pandurata ROXB., was used ...
Iochmann Sophie - - 2009
Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor-2 (TFPI-2) is a potent inhibitor of plasmin which activates metalloproteinases (MMPs) involved in extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation. Its secretion in ECM makes TFPI-2 a potential inhibitor to regulate tumour invasion and metastasis. Moreover, TFPI-2 is frequently downregulated, particularly in aggressive cancers. In this study, we silenced ...
Yu Mi Hee - - 2009
The goal of this study was to evaluate the anticancer effect of Prunus salicina Lindl. cv. Soldam at three maturity stages (immature, midmature and mature). In search for anticancer effects of immature plum extract (IPE), we have found its antimigrative property in (phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate) PMA-induced HepG2 cells, and this ...
Truter Sharada L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Myocardial fibrosis in experimental aortic regurgitation (AR) features abnormal fibronectin with normal collagen content, but the relevant degradative processes have not been assessed. METHODS: To elucidate these degradative processes, mRNA (Northern) and protein levels (Western) of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs), as well as MMP activity ...
Wang Ping - - 2009
Mechanical stretch plays a crucial role in articular joints. In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), it is well known that fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) produce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), resulting in local invasion into and degradation of bone and cartilage. We sought to examine whether mechanical stretch regulates the expression and underlying signal pathways ...
Zhao Chenghai - - 2009
BACKGROUND: As negative regulators in Wnt signaling, Secreted Frizzled-Related Proteins (SFRPs) are downregulated in a series of human cancers; and specifically, some matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including MMP-2, MMP-7, MMP-9 and MT1-MMP, are frequently overexpressed in gastric cancer. The aim of this study is to determine the expression status of SFRP5 ...
Tang Zhenyu - - 2009
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has poor healing ability and an injured ACL would induce the degeneration of other intra-articular connective tissues. However, the coordinated expression and activities of matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) in intra-articular tissues induced by ACL rupture were poorly understood. With a rat ACL rotating injury model, we found ...
Wang Hui-Hsin - - 2009
Upregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially MMP-9, by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is implicated in many inflammatory diseases including brain injury. However, the signaling mechanisms underlying oxLDL-induced MMP-9 expression in astrocytes largely remain unknown. Here we report that oxLDL induces expression of proMMP-9 via a MAPK-dependent AP-1 activation in rat ...
Hunakova L - - 2009
Metastasis as a complex process involves loss of adhesion, migration, invasion and proliferation of cancer cells. Sulforaphane (SFN) is one of naturally occurring cancer chemopreventive isothiocyanates found in cruciferous vegetables, consumption of which has been associated with reduced risk of cancer. In this study, we describe effect of SFN on ...
Gruber Helen E - - 2009
The regulation and elevation in expression of the catabolic matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is of high importance in the human intervertebral disc since upregulation of these matrix-degrading enzymes results in matrix destruction associated with disc degeneration. MMP28 (epilysin) is a newly discovered MMP believed to play a role in matrix composition ...
Staun-Ram Elsebeth - - 2009
We have previously shown that Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) -2 is a key-enzyme in early trophoblast invasion and that Protein Kinase A (PKA) increases MMP-2 expression and trophoblast invasion. The aim of this study was to examine MMP -2 regulation by PKA in invasive trophoblasts: JAR choriocarcinoma cell-line and 6-8 w ...
Zhang Bin - - 2009
Ameloblastoma is a frequent odontogenic benign tumor characterized by local invasiveness, high risk of recurrence and occasional metastasis and malignant transformation. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) promotes tumor invasion and progression by destroying the extracellular matrix (ECM) and basement membrane. For this proteolytic activity, the endogenous inhibitor is reversion-inducing cysteine rich protein ...
Russo Louise A - - 2009
Administration of a single physiological dose of 17beta-estradiol (E2:40 microg/kg) to the ovariectomized immature rat rapidly induces uterine growth and remodeling. The response is characterized by changes in endometrial stromal architecture during an inflammatory-like response that likely involves activated matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs). While estrogen is known as an inducer of endometrial ...
Zcharia Eyal - - 2009
Heparanase, a mammalian endo-beta-D-glucuronidase, specifically degrades heparan sulfate proteoglycans ubiquitously associated with the cell surface and extracellular matrix. This single gene encoded enzyme is over-expressed in most human cancers, promoting tumor metastasis and angiogenesis. We report that targeted disruption of the murine heparanase gene eliminated heparanase enzymatic activity, resulting in ...
Chen Ligong - - 2009
Syndecan-1 is a transmembrane heparan sulfate-bearing proteoglycan known to regulate multiple biological functions at the cell surface and within the extracellular matrix. Its functional activity can be modulated by heparanase, an enzyme that cleaves heparan sulfate chains and whose expression has been associated with an aggressive phenotype in many cancers. ...
Goldman Shlomit - - 2009
Although the MMP-2 promoter lacks a canonical progesterone response element (PRE), the hormone inhibits MMP-2 expression and is part of treatment protocols in gynecological invasive pathologies, including endometriosis and endometrial hyperplasia. This study aimed to explore the mechanism by which progesterone inhibits MMP-2 expression. The effect of progesterone on MMP-2 ...
Ali Awadia M - - 2008
In this study potential molecular markers for identification of attenuation in a Theileria lestoquardi-infected cell line to be used in vaccination trials were identified. Two markers associated with attenuation in Theileria annulata vaccine strains were analyzed (metalloproteinase activity and TNF? mRNA expression). The result showed a decreased activity of MMP ...
Bryan, Kelley Elizabeth
The three transcription factors, Nanog, Oct-4 and Sox-2, are central regulators of pluripotency in embryonic stem cells. Porcine umbilical cord (PUC) matrix stem cells also express these transcription factors. Wharton’s jelly is composed of an extracellular matrix high in hyaluronic acid and various collagens and serves as a reservoir for ...
Baba Haruna - - 2009
PURPOSE: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their endogenous tissue inhibitors [tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs)] have been implicated in tissue injury and remodeling in many organs. The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of MMP-3 and -9, and TIMP-1, -2, and -3 and their relationship to liver fibrosis ...
Lehti Kaisa - - 2009
At sites of vessel-wall injury, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) can dedifferentiate to express an invasive and proliferative phenotype, which contributes to the development of neointimal lesions and vascular disorders. Herein, we demonstrate that the loss of the VSMC differentiated phenotype, as the repression of contractile-protein expression, is correlated with ...
Xie Shuanglun - - 2009
Activator protein-1 (AP-1), which is a transcription factor, is implicated in the transcriptional regulation of a wide range of genes that participate in cell proliferation and extracellular matrix production. This investigation was performed to test the hypothesis that transfection of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) with sufficient amounts of decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) ...
Yu Ying - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of vascular diseases, such as atherosclerosis, plaque rupture and aneurysms. Although several MMPs have been demonstrated in the lesions of atherosclerosis, their expression profiles during the initiation and progression of lesions have not been fully determined. We hypothesized that the ...
Cevik Cihan - - 2008
Atherosclerotic plaques are composed of a lipid rich core, which is covered by a collagen rich fibrous cap. Rupture of the atherosclerotic plaque with superimposed thrombosis is the main cause of acute coronary syndromes, including acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina. The stability of the plaque depends on its collagen ...
Hu Tao - - 2009
1. Restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a major clinical complication. However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. The present aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that reactive oxygen species (ROS) enhance osteopontin (OPN) expression and increase matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 activity (two major factors that ...
Pedersen G - - 2008
Summary Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in tissue damage associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). As the role of the intestinal epithelium in this process is unknown, we determined MMP expression and enzyme activity in human colonic epithelial cells (CEC). MMP mRNA expression was assessed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain ...
Baumann Fusun - - 2009
Lactate dehydrogenase type A (LDH-A) is a key metabolic enzyme catalyzing pyruvate into lactate and is excessively expressed by tumor cells. Transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-beta2) is a key regulator of invasion in high-grade gliomas, partially by inducing a mesenchymal phenotype and by remodeling the extracellular matrix. In this study, we ...
Loftus John P - - 2009
RATIONALE: Inflammation and dysregulation of endogenous matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production are implicated in the development of equine laminitis. In this study, we examine quantitative relationships among levels of leukocyte-derived proMMP-9 and MMP-9, lamellar proMMP-2 and MMP-2, and expression of proMMP-2 processing enzymes, MT1-MMP/PACE4, as steps towards determining whether inflammation and ...
Hwang Eun-Sun - - 2009
Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) has been reported to exhibit antimetastatic activity, but the mechanism remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of AITC on cell adhesion, migration, and metalloproteinase gene expression in SK-Hep1 human hepatoma cells. The gene expression profiles of SK-Hep1 cells were obtained by ...
Blackburn Jessica S - - 2008
Many tumor types express matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1); its collagenase activity facilitates both tumor cell invasion and metastasis. MMP-1 expression is also associated with increased angiogenesis; however, the exact mechanism by which this occurs is not clear. MMP-1 proteolytically activates protease activated receptor-1 (PAR-1), a thrombin receptor that is highly expressed ...
Manduca Paola - - 2009
Metalloproteinase MT1-MMP is induced and Pro-MMP-2 up modulated early in rat preosteoblasts (ROB) set to differentiate. We here show that the induction of MMPs, accompanied by activation of Pro-MMP-2, occurs by 6 h of adhesion on endogenous extracellular matrix (ECM), Fibronectin (FN) and Collagen type I (CI). These events do ...
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