Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1973
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Alge-Priglinger Claudia S - - 2009
In early exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD), segmental thinning of Bruch's membrane is associated with ingrowth of choroidal neovascularization into the subretinal space. To determine whether there is a link between oxidative stress and extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation by the retinal pigment epithelium, the present study focused on the effect ...
Maqbool Azhar - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is an important regulator of vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) invasion and proliferation. The T allele of the -1562C/T MMP-9 promoter polymorphism reportedly confers increased MMP-9 promoter activity, plasma MMP-9 levels and susceptibility to vascular pathologies. The aim of this study was to determine whether the MMP-9 ...
Chi Xiuling - - 2009
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are known to inhibit prostaglandin synthetic enzyme, cyclooxygenases (COXs), as well as to exhibit anti-tumor activity although at much higher concentrations. 15-Hydroxyprostaglandin dehyrogenase (15-PGDH), a key prostaglandin catabolic enzyme, was recently shown to be a tumor suppressor. Effects of NSAIDs on 15-PGDH expression were therefore examined. ...
Paiva Katiucia Batista Silva - - 2009
Reversion-inducing-cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (RECK) is a single membrane-anchored MMP-regulator and regulates matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) 2, 9 and 14. In turn, MMPs are endopeptidases that play a pivotal role in remodeling ECM. In this work, we decided to evaluate expression pattern of RECK in growing rat incisor during, specifically ...
Tabuchi Seiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 has wide substrate specificity compared with other MMPs and appears to be involved in periodontitis. Previously, we reported that roxithromycin (RXM) inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor expression induced by tumour necrosis factor-alpha in human periodontal ligament cells, but little is known about the effect ...
Negaard Helene F S - - 2009
Bone marrow angiogenesis is increased in non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). Compounds affecting extracellular matrix (ECM) may modify angiogenesis. Here we investigated ECM regulators in 48 unselected NHL patients compared with 35 controls. Untreated patients had elevated (P < 0.05) serum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) 1, ...
Wang Jiyun - - 2009
CONCLUSION: The significant up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 mRNA, which is not modulated by tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1, is an additional source of increased proteolytic activity in virus-infected upper airways that might contribute to the exacerbation of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. OBJECTIVES: Chronic rhinosinusitis is often exacerbated by ...
Nichol Jason W - - 2009
We previously demonstrated the ability to create engineered arteries by carefully controlling the mechanical environment of intact arteries perfused ex vivo, yielding engineered arteries with native appearance and vasoactive response. Increased axial strain was sufficient to increase length up to 20% in 9 days through a growth and remodeling response. ...
Park Jong-Beom - - 2009
One of the characteristics of spinal stenosis is elastin degradation and fibrosis of the extracellular matrix of the ligamentum flavum. However, there have been no investigations to determine which biochemical factors cause these histologic changes. So we performed the current study to investigate the hypothesis that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which ...
Catalán V - - 2009
Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) is a novel adipokine with potential roles in obesity, insulin resistance, and inflammation. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of obesity on circulating concentrations and gene and protein expression levels of LCN2 in human visceral adipose tissue (VAT) as well as its involvement ...
Bachmeier Beatrice E - - 2009
The disruption of the extracellular disc matrix is a major hallmark of disc degeneration. This has previously been shown to be associated with an up-regulation of major matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression and activity. However, until now hardly any data are available for MMP/TIMP regulation and thereby no concept exists as ...
Huang Hui-Pei - - 2009
Penta-acetyl geniposide [(Ac)(5)GP], an acetylated geniposide product from Gardenia fructus, has been known to have hepatoprotective properties and recent studies have revealed its anti-proliferative and apoptotic effect on C6 glioma cells. In this study, we first report the anti-metastastic effect of (Ac)(5)GP in the rat neuroblastoma line: C6 glioma cells. ...
Shon Soo-Kyung - - 2009
In the current study, we examined the function of N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) expression in breast cancer cells, especially focusing on the role of bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4) induced by NDRG2. NDRG2 expression in MDA-MB-231 cells inhibited the mRNA expression of several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the gelatinolytic activity ...
Gon??alves L Da Ros Lda - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a benign disorder manifested by fibrous enlargement of keratinized gingiva. Evidence exists concerning the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) in mediating normal and pathological processes, including HGF. Nevertheless, there are few and contradictory results on the analysis ...
Nakasone Naohiro - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyse mRNA expression and protein localization of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-3 and TIMP-4 in gingival tissues removed from drug (calcium-channel blocker) induced gingival overgrowth and periodontitis patients. DESIGN: Employing RT-PCR, we evaluated TIMP-3 and TIMP-4 mRNA levels of 20 human gingival ...
Ryu BoMi - - 2009
Arthritis is one of the most prevalent chronic inflammatory diseases, and it is characterized by structural and biochemical changes in major tissues of the joint, including degradation of the cartilage matrix, insufficient synthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM). Ecklonia cava (EC) is a member of the family of Laminariaceae, which is ...
Yang Shun-Fa - - 2009
PURPOSE: To study the expression of matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 mRNA and activities in various stages of surgically excised pterygium specimens and cultured pterygium fibroblasts and to study the effects of activation of protein kinase C (PKC) on the expression of these MMPs in pterygium fibroblasts. METHODS: MMP-2 and ...
Gogly Bruno - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) play a deleterious role in numerous vascular diseases. In contrast, gingival matrix remodelling is adequately regulated by the gingival fibroblast (GF). Here, we aimed to evaluate the GF activity on MMP-7 expression and secretion in coculture with aorta rings. We evaluated MMP-7 transcription and secretion in rabbit ...
Lee Suk Hee - - 2009
Cobalt chloride (CoCl(2)) treatment of cells in vitro has been shown to induce cellular changes that are similar to those seen following hypoxia. To identify genes that are differentially expressed in response to treatment with CoCl(2), we compared the mRNA expression profiles of PC-3 cells that were treated with CoCl(2) ...
Yue H H - - 2009
Monocytes, macrophages, and foam cells expressing CD147 can stimulate the production of several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) associated with the development of atherosclerosis. We defined theCD147 expression profile and examined the correlation between foam cell development and MMP-2, -9 expressions. Foam cells were derived from U937-stimulated macrophages using various concentrations of ...
Augoff K - - 2009
To determine the role of the reactive stroma in cancer progression, we investigated decorin (DCN) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta expression, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activity in the tumorous esophagus. We found statistically insignificantly decreased levels of DCN expression in the pathological tissues. No obvious alterations in TGF-beta expression were ...
Imaizumi Risa - - 2009
AIMS: Keloid is characterized by excessive deposition of collagen, resulting from aberrant extracellular matrix (ECM) production and degradation. The aim was to investigate the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in pathological wound healing in keloids. METHODS AND RESULTS: Semiquantitative analysis of 60 keloid tissue ...
Struewing Ian T - - 2009
Endothelial cell (EC) senescence and dysfunction occurring after chronic injury and inflammation are highly associated with the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases. However, the factors involved in the establishment of EC senescence remain poorly understood. We have previously shown that lithium, an inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3beta and ...
Lee Yun Song - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) secreted from macrophages plays an important role in tissue destruction and inflammation through degradation of matrix proteins and proteolytic activation of cytokines/chemokines. Whereas the MEK-ERK and PI3K- Akt pathways up-regulate MMP-9 expression, regulation of MMP-9 by JNK remains controversial. Presently, we aimed to determine the role of ...
Selvais Charlotte - - 2009
Cyclic elimination of the endometrium functional layer through menstrual bleeding results from intense tissue breakdown by proteolytic enzymes, mainly members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family. In contrast to menstrual-restricted MMPs, e.g. interstitial collagenase (MMP-1), gelatinases A (MMP-2) and B (MMP-9) mRNAs are abundant throughout the cycle without detectable tissue ...
Bernal F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) represent a large family of proteolytic enzymes, with some members being implicated in the immunopathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Interferon (IFN)-beta is one of the current mainstays in MS therapy and known to downregulate the expression of MMP-9. However, only sparse information is available on the ...
Cao Z - - 2009
Recent studies have found that in addition to promoting cellular invasion, overexpression of metalloproteinase -1 (MMP-1) is associated with the initial stages of cancer development. Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN), a transmembrane glycoprotein, has been reported to be highly expressed in tumor cells and induce production of MMPs from peritumor ...
Okamoto Toshio - - 2009
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, a cytokine released into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), stimulates the expression of the components of the extracellular matrix (ECM), which causes progressive ventricular dilatation by impaired CSF absorption. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), a proteinase involved in the removal of ECM proteins, has been ...
Qin Yuan-Han - - 2009
In kidney injury the accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role and precedes the development of glomerulosclerosis (GS). There is great interest in agents that may interfere with such accumulation of ECM. Therefore, a rat model of GS was established to investigate the effect of all-trans retinoic acid ...
Beauchesne Elizabeth - - 2009
Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) in humans is a metabolic disorder caused by thiamine deficiency (TD). In both humans and experimental animals, TD leads to selective neuronal cell death in diencephalic and brainstem structures. Neuropathologic features of WE include petechial hemorrhagic lesions, and blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown has been suggested to play ...
Juhasz-B?ss Ingolf - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of matrix metalloproteinase 1 and 2 (MMP-1/MMP-2) in human endometrial explants in a chicken chorioallantoic membrane model (CAM) of endometriosis. DESIGN: Experimental prospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Endometrium samples obtained from ovulating women, both healthy and patients with endometriosis, who were undergoing curettage and ...
Chou, Laisheng
The reactions at tissue-implant interfaces are key elements in the study of dental implantology. Most previous studies have been limited to assessment of the interface at the morphological and histological levels. The mechanisms underlying the tissue-implant interface reaction are largely unknown. In this thesis I hypothesized that the surface chemistry ...
Ben Nasr Hela - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A prominent clinical feature of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is its ability to easily invade local tissues and metastasize. In this field, latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1), which is the principal Epstein-Barr virus-encoded oncoprotein, induces a set of factors that mediates angiogenesis and invasion. Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and Ets-1 ...
Shimada Michiko - - 2009
AIM: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) affect matrix remodelling, and extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) has been reported to increase the levels of several MMP. However, the expression of EMMPRIN in the human kidney and its regulatory mechanisms are not well known. In this study, we examined EMMPRIN expression in the human ...
Fuchshofer Rudolf - - 2009
Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most critical risk factor for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). In most cases of POAG, IOP is increased because of an abnormally high aqueous humor outflow resistance in the juxtacanalicular region of the trabecular meshwork. A distinct structural change in the trabecular meshwork of patients ...
Tye C E CE Department of Cytokine Biology, Forsyth Institute, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, 140 The Fenway, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2009
Kallikrein-4 (KLK4) is a serine protease expressed during enamel maturation, and proteolytic processing of the enamel matrix by KLK4 is critical for proper enamel formation. KLK4 is secreted as an inactive zymogen (pro-KLK4), and identification of its activator remains elusive. Dipeptidyl peptidase I (DPPI) is a cysteine aminopeptidase that can ...
Mendis Eresha - - 2009
A number of recent researches have demonstrated the therapeutic effects of glucosamine (Glc) in a range of human diseases including arthritis. For the first time, we identified that a novel Glc derivative having quaternized amino functionality (QAGlc) suppresses MMP-9 and MMP-2, gelatinases in HT1080, human fibrosarcoma cells at 40microg/ml, following ...
Satpathy Minati - - 2009
Tissue transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is overexpressed in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and promotes intraperitoneal metastasis. How TG2 facilitates the spread of EOC is unknown. Here, we show that TG2 regulates the expression and function of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), a critical mediator of tissue invasiveness. TG2 knockdown down-regulates MMP-2 protein and ...
Justulin Luis A LA - - 2010
Finasteride (Fin) and Doxazosin (Dox), alone or in combination, have been widely used in treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) symptoms and recently have been suggested as potential drugs for prostate cancer (PCa)prevention and treatment. However, little is known about the effects of the combination therapy on prostate tissue morphology, ...
Tu Xian-Kun - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Cerebral ischemia causes an increased expression and activation of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9). Recent works demonstrated that the selective 5-LOX inhibitor zileuton down-regulates MMP-9 expression in vascular diseases and cancer. In the present work, we first studied the neuroprotective effect of zileuton on focal cerebral ischemia ...
Chernov Andrei V AV Burnham Institute for Medical Research, La Jolla, CA 92037, - - 2009
Membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is an activator of soluble MMP-2. The activity of both MMPs is regulated by their physiological inhibitor TIMP-2. An MT1-MMP/MMP-2/TIMP-2 axis plays a key role in the invasive behavior of many cell types. Despite its importance, epigenetic control of this pro-invasive axis is insufficiently studied, ...
Aupperle H - - 2009
The pathogenesis of canine chronic valvular disease (CVD) is not fully characterized. The present study investigates the expression of genes encoding matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) in normal and diseased mitral valves (MVs). Samples from normal (n=15) or diseased (n=10) canine MVs were subject to real-time polymerase ...
Ding Jamie Y - - 2009
The present study assessed the role of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and -9 in synapse loss after traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the role of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha), a transcription factor up-regulated during hypoxia, in the regulation of MMP-2 and -9 expression post-TBI. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=6 per group, ...
Lee Jae-Il - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prognostic significance of CXC chemokine receptor CXCR-4 expression in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and its relationship with matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, and Ki-67 expression. STUDY DESIGN: The CXCR-4, MMP-2, MMP-9, and Ki-67 expression was assessed immunohistochemically in 74 OSCC patients. The results ...
Droppelmann Cristian A - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) is an important extracellular matrix remodeling enzyme, and it has been involved in different fibrotic disorders. The connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2), which is increased in these pathologies, induces the production of extracellular matrix proteins. To understand the fibrotic process observed in diverse pathologies, we analyzed the ...
Hasegawa Hitoki - - 2009
Both MMP-2 and MMP-9 play critical roles in tumor invasion, but their productions are differentially controlled. While the promoter region of MMP-9 has the conserved proximal AP-1 binding site, that of the MMP-2 has a noncanonical AP-1 site. To assess the role of AP-1 function, we examined the effects of ...
Roomi M W - - 2009
Invasion of surrounding tissues by malignant cells is a complex process mediated by the matrix degrading enzymes. In many solid tumors, the expression of MMPs, especially MMP-2 and MMP-9, is higher in stromal cells than in the tumor cells, suggesting stromal cells as the major source of these enzymes. Cytokines ...
Miller Mary-Clare MC Imperial College London, London, - - 2009
A hallmark of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is invasion of the synovial pannus into cartilage, and this process requires degradation of the collagen matrix. The aim of this study was to explore the role of one of the collagen-degrading matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), membrane type 1 MMP (MT1-MMP), in synovial pannus invasiveness. ...
Chotikavanich Suksri - - 2009
To evaluate production and activity of metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 on the ocular surface of patients with dysfunctional tear syndrome (DTS) and determine any correlation between MMP-9 activity and clinical parameters. Forty-six patients with newly diagnosed DTS and 18 control subjects were recruited. Complete ocular surface examinations were performed. Tear MMP-9 activity ...
Gou Xingchun - - 2009
HAb18G/CD147, a transmembrane glycoprotein highly expressed in various types of malignant cells, mainly functions as an inducer of matrix metalloproteinases to promote tumor growth, invasion and metastasis. However, whether there are other mechanisms underlying the role of HAb18G/CD147 in tumor progression remains to be elucidated. In this study, we investigated ...
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