Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1975
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Zhang Hai-ying - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) plays an important role in atherosclerosis. This study was to examine expression of MMP-1 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to explore its relationship with atherosclerosis in SLE. METHODS: Fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) ...
Martínez-Rizo Abril - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Plasmin role in transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-responsive gene regulation remains to be elucidated. Also, plasmin action on co-repressor Ski-related novel protein N (SnoN) and differential activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are unknown. Thus, the role of plasmin on profibrogenic molecule expression, SnoN transcriptional kinetics and gelatinase activation was investigated. ...
von Steinburg Stephanie Pildner - - 2009
In preeclampsia and hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet (HELLP) syndrome, impaired trophoblast invasion and excessive fibrin deposition in the placental intervillous space is associated with fetal compromise. However, little information is available whether modulation of placental protease expression--potentially causing impaired trophoblast invasion--is associated with the HELLP syndrome. Total ...
Montreekachon P - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is important in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. Cytosolic phospholipase A(2)alpha (cPLA(2)alpha) is involved in MMP-9 up-regulation in human monocytes. We tested the hypothesis that cPLA(2)alpha also regulates MMP-9 induction by Fusobacterium nucleatum and by phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) in gingival epithelial cells. While PMA induced MMP-9 expression considerably, ...
Rahmah Nunung Nur - - 2010
Prognosis of chordomas is difficult to predict based solely on histological findings. The purpose of this study was to assess expressions of reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with kazal motifs (RECK) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9 in skull base chordomas and to find out their correlations to outcome. Immunohistochemical study was performed ...
Scrideli Carlos Alberto - - 2010
This study evaluates the mRNA expression profile of genes TIMP1, TIMP2, MMP2 and MMP9 in diagnostic bone marrow samples from 134 consecutive ALL children by real-time quantitative PCR. A significant association was observed between higher expression levels of MMP9 and low risk group and absence of extramedullary infiltration and higher ...
Mahmoodzadeh Shokoufeh - - 2010
Female sex and sex hormones contribute to cardiac remodelling. 17beta-estradiol (E2) is involved in the modulation of extracellular matrix composition and function. Here, we analysed the effect of E2 on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 gene expression and studied the underlying molecular mechanisms in rat cardiac fibroblasts and in a human fibroblast ...
Reich Adi - - 2010
Enzymes from the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family play a crucial role in growth-plate vascularization and ossification via proteolytic cleavage and remodeling of the extracellular matrix. Their regulation in the growth plate is crucial for normal matrix assembly. Endochondral ossification, which takes place at the growth plates, is influenced by mechanical ...
Kyriakides Themis R - - 2009
Thrombospondin (TSP) 1 and TSP2 have been implicated in the regulation of several processes during tissue repair. Due to their matricellular nature, these proteins are thought to modulate cell-matrix interactions through a variety of mechanisms specific to the spatio-temporal context of their expression. Most notably, TSP1 and TSP2 appear to ...
Joseph Mathew J - - 2009
Members of Snail family of transcription factors play an important role in oral cancer progression by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition, by promoting invasion and by increasing matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression. Although Snail (Snai1) is the best characterized and the most extensively studied member of this family, the role and regulation of ...
Lipari L - - 2009
The oral cavity is exposed to chronic or recurrent, physical and chemical trauma that could lead to mucosal reactions (e.g. hyperplasia, dysplasia and tumors). The objective of this study is to investigate the expression and the possible changes of the two matrix metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-9 in normal and pathological ...
Shin Dong Yeok - - 2009
We investigated anti-invasive effects of the anthocyanins from fruits of Vitis coignetiae Pulliat (known as meoru in Korea) on human hepatoma Hep3B cells. The anthocyanins inhibited cell invasion in a dose-dependent manner as measured by Matrigel (BD Biosciences, San Jose, CA, USA) invasion assays. They also inhibited expression of matrix ...
Moon Hee Jung - - 2009
Fucoidans are sulfated fucosylated polymers from brown algae cell walls. We assessed the inhibitory effects of Costaria costata fucoidan on UVB-induced MMP-1 promoter, mRNA, and protein expression in vitro using the immortalized human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cell line. Pretreatment with fucoidan significantly inhibited MMP-1 protein expression compared to UVB irradiation alone. ...
Ruddy Jean Marie JM Department of Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, 29425, - - 2009
The effect of multiple integrated stimuli on vascular wall expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) remains unknown. Accordingly, this study examined the influence of the vasoactive peptide angiotensin II (Ang II) on wall tension-induced promoter activation of MMP-2, MMP-9, and membrane type-1 MMP (MT1-MMP). Thoracic aortic rings harvested from transgenic reporter ...
Hsieh Hsi-Lung - - 2010
Bacterial infections have been shown to be involved in several inflammatory diseases such as brain inflammation. A major factor for these findings is due to the secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators by host cells triggered by the components released from the bacteria. Among these components, lipoteichoic acid (LTA), a component of ...
Hartmann Christoph - - 2009
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are used in the treatment of neuroinflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis. Several studies have demonstrated the beneficial effect of GCs on the balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their endogenous inhibitors, the TIMPs (tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases). We could demonstrate that all four known TIMPs are present ...
Xiang Junbo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expression of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) in healthy and inflamed human gingiva. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Tissue samples from 9 healthy specimens and 21 specimens with chronic periodontitis were collected. The expression of EMMPRIN protein was detected with immunohistochemical staining and Western blot analysis. RESULTS: EMMPRIN ...
Wang Jong Hwan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been suggested to have an important role in the pathogenesis of nasal polyps (NPs). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of rhinovirus (RV) infection on the expression of MMPs, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase ...
Ge Xianpeng - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the possible involvement and regulatory mechanisms of Wnt-5A signaling in interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-induced increase in matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1), MMP-3, MMP-9, and MMP-13 expression in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) condylar chondrocytes. METHODS: Primary rabbit condylar chondrocytes were treated with IL-1beta, purified Wnt-5A protein, or both and transfected with Wnt-5A ...
Armstrong David A - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) is an inflammation-inducible neutral protease that mediates extracellular matrix remodeling and promotes tumor invasion. In this study, we examined the activation of MMP-1 gene expression in A549 lung carcinoma cells stimulated with the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). We found that MMP-1 mRNA levels were maximal following 16 ...
Zhang Xiaojun - - 2009
AIMS: The balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) is involved in the morphogenesis of normal salivary gland as well as in the mechanisms of tumour invasion and metastasis. The role of MMPs and TIMPs in pleomorphic adenoma has not been elucidated sufficiently. Our aim was to ...
Tang Zhenyu - - 2009
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is known to have a poor healing ability, especially in comparison with the medial collateral ligament, which can heal relatively well. In this study, we detected significant increases in the mRNA levels of multiple matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) (MMP-1, -2, -7, -9, -11, -14, -17, -21, ...
Ide Yasushi - - 2009
Vitamin K2 (VK2) has been shown to have a potent anti-tumor effect against several cancer types including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) plays an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells, but it is not known whether VK2 regulates ...
Bellayr I H - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of proteases that belong to the metazincin family. These proteins consist of similar structures featuring a signaling peptide, a propeptide domain, a catalytic domain where the notable zinc ion binding site is found and a hinge region that binds to the C-terminal hemoplexin domain. ...
Zhang Bin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma is a frequently encountered odontogenic benign tumor characterized by local invasiveness and high risk of recurrence. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 can degrade type IV collagen, one of the major components in the basement membrane, resulting in the promotion of tumor invasion, whereas it is under the influence of an ...
Tseng Jenn-Jhy - - 2009
Placenta previa increta/percreta (I/P) is a severe form of invasive placentation associated with massive peripartum hemorrhage, which often requires Cesarean hysterectomy. The pathogenesis of invasive placentation is multidimensional, involving decidual deficiency, endomyometrial damage and excessively deep trophoblast invasion into the uterus. In this study, annealing control primer-polymerase chain reaction (ACP-PCR) ...
Schwartz M - - 2010
Canine Steroid-Responsive Meningitis-Arteritis (SRMA) is a suitable animal model for studies on the development of neutrophilic pleocytosis in aseptic meningitis. Samples of dogs in the acute phase of SRMA (n=16) were examined for gene expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and -9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 and -2. Results ...
Vosgerau Uwe - - 2010
We previously reported that Brown Norway Katholiek rats, which feature a deficiency of plasma kininogens, develop severe abdominal aortic aneurysm. Increased activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the aortic wall, leading to degradation of extracellular matrix components, is considered to play a crucial role in aneurysm formation. Using an in ...
Guan Su-Min - - 2009
Prevotella intermedia, a major periodontal pathogen, plays important roles in the initiation and development of periodontitis by stimulating the release of proinflammatory cytokines, proteinases and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Our previous study demonstrated that P. intermedia induced MMP-9 expression in human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cells. In this study, we examined the ...
Yiqin Yao - - 2009
Aspirin is an anti-inflammatory drug, and has been widely used for the prevention of cardio-cerebrovascular events. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 can degrade the extracellular matrix and may be critical for the development and disruption of atherosclerotic plaques, while tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 may inhibit the degradation of extracellular ...
Philips Neena - - 2009
Ascorbate has dose-dependent inverse effects on cancer cells growth and expression of matrixmetalloproteinases (MMP) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), which regulate extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. We examined melanoma cell viability and ECM remodeling mechanisms of ascorbate and its modulation by an extract from Polypodium leucotomos (PL) (a fern) via the ...
No Jae Hong - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) are important factors for cancer invasion and metastasis, degrading the extracellular matrix. They are also associated with angiogenesis. Angiogenic phenotype is another feature of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). However, their associations with the progression of low-grade CIN to high-grade CIN ...
Quan Taihao T Department of Dermatology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2009
UV radiation from the sun impacts skin health adversely through complex, multiple molecular pathways. Premature skin aging (photoaging) is among the most widely appreciated harmful effects of chronic exposure to solar UV radiation. Extensive damage to the dermal connective tissue is a hallmark of photoaged skin. Disruption of the normal ...
Chien Chi-Sheng - - 2010
Fisetin (3,3',4',7-tetrahydroxyflavone), a naturally occurring flavonoid, has been reported to possess some anti-cancer and anti-inflammation capabilities. In this study, fisetin has exhibited inhibitory effects on the adhesion, migration, and invasion ability of a highly metastatic PC-3 cells under non-cytotoxic concentrations. Gelatin zymography assay showed that fisetin inhibited the matrix metalloproteinase-2 ...
Hung Wen-Chun - - 2010
Skp2 is one of the components of the E3 ubiquitin ligase which is required for the degradation of tumor suppressor p27. Overexpression of this oncogene is frequently found in human cancers and has been shown to be associated with poor prognosis. In addition to induce p27 degradation and enhance cellular ...
Aktas Zeynep - - 2010
The purpose of this research is to investigate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in retinal ganglion cells (RGC) and the impact of topically applied brimonidine tartrate 0.2% (BMD) on this expression in an endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced chronic optic nerve (ON) ischemia model of rabbit. Osmotically driven minipumps were implanted in ...
Markovic D S - - 2009
Diffuse infiltration of glioma cells into normal brain tissue is considered to be a main reason for the unfavorable outcomes of patients with malignant gliomas. Invasion of glioma cells into the brain parenchyma is facilitated by metalloprotease-mediated degradation of the extracellular matrix. Metalloproteases are released as inactive pro-forms and get ...
Xiang J - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), produced by both infiltrating and resident cells of the periodontium, play important roles in physiologic and pathologic events. Both interleukin-1 beta and extracellular MMP inducer can stimulate the expression of MMPs, which in turn leads to breakdown of the periodontium. However, it is currently ...
Ho Y-C - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor in the development and further progression of periodontal diseases. However, little is known about how nicotine influences the expression of osteolytic mediators in cigarette smoking-associated periodontal diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of interleukin-1, interleukin-8, ...
Coon Charles I CI Department of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, NH 03756 - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) comprise a family of more than 20 members, each with the ability to degrade components of the extracellular matrix. The interstitial collagenases have the unique capacity to degrade the stromal collagens, types I, II and III, the body's most abundant proteins. These collagenases include MMP-1, MMP-8, MMP-13 ...
Hakki S S - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and dexamethasone (Dex) on mRNA expressions of collagen (COL) type I, III and X, matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-1, -2, -3 and -9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 and -2, and also on mineralization and ...
Yang Lifang - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been regarded as major critical molecules assisting tumor cells during angiogenesis and metastasis. Enhanced expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is associated with human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) invasion and metastasis. DNAzyme is a single-stranded DNA catalyst that can be engineered to bind to its complementary ...
Tian Jian - - 2009
This study compared the effects of photons (gamma rays), protons and simulated solar particle event protons (sSPE) on the expression of profibrotic factors/extracellular matrix (ECM) regulators in lung tissue after whole-body irradiation. TGF-beta1, matrix metalloproteinase 2 and 9 (MMP-2, -9), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 and 2 (TIMP-1, -2) ...
Okamura Hirohiko - - 2009
TWIST1 is involved in tumor invasion and metastasis by promoting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. However, the molecular target of TWIST1 involving this mechanism is poorly understood. To identify the TWIST1-regulated genes, we established the Saos-2 cells stably expressing TWIST1 gene by transfecting TWIST1 cDNA into the cells and performed a differential display ...
Lamp O - - 2009
While mammary tumours are the main reasons of death in bitches, early detection of tumours and metastases is crucial for survival of affected dogs. Invasiveness and angiogenesis, which are important processes of tumour growth and spreading, require connective tissue remodelling. This process is dominantly mediated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), which ...
Enomoto M - - 2009
The receptor tyrosine kinase Ror2 regulates cell migration by acting as a receptor or co-receptor for Wnt5a. Although Wnt5a has been implicated in the invasiveness of several types of tumors, the role of Ror2 in tumor invasion remains elusive. Here we show that osteosarcoma cell lines SaOS-2 and U2OS show ...
Wang Hui-Hsin - - 2010
After ischemic injury to brain, disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) raises the possibility of exposing the central nervous system (CNS) to oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), a risk factor implicated in neurodegenerative diseases. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially MMP-9, contribute to extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling during the CNS diseases. However, the ...
Keller Kate E KE Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239-4197, - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) degrade extracellular matrix (ECM) and increase outflow facility in anterior segment perfusion culture. One group is the ADAMTSs (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motifs). In this study, the authors examined the effects of ADAMTS-1, -4, and -5 on outflow facility and investigated their mRNA ...
Chen C-H - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 plays critical roles in tumor development and in the metastasis of multiple cancers, including human oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC). One of the upstream regulators of MMP-2 is FOXM1, which is overexpressed in a microarray dataset of OCSCC. It is interesting that FLJ10540 exhibits similar gene ...
Ito I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMPs) have been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. Their expression in airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells could be involved in collagen turnover and migration of these cells and thus may contribute to airway remodelling. OBJECTIVE: To examine ...
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