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Devy J - - 2010
Elastin peptides possess several biological activities and in vitro data suggest they could be involved in the early phase of melanoma growth. Using diverse in vitro and in vivo techniques (cell proliferation, invasion and migration assays, zymography, western blots, collagen degradation assay, reverse transcription PCR, melanoma allographs and immunohistochemistry), we ...
Catalán Victoria - - 2011
Obesity is widely recognised as an important risk factor for colorectal cancer (CC). The study aimed to evaluate the effect of CC on circulating concentrations and gene expression levels of inflammatory and angiogenesis-related factors in human visceral adipose tissue (VAT). VAT biopsies were obtained from 18 healthy individuals and 11 ...
Hu Qin - - 2011
Various studies on focal cerebral ischemic models have implicated the direct activation and expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially MMP-9, as a key orchestrator of blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption. Moreover, studies have shown that MMP-9 siRNA can protect the BBB from ischemia/reperfusion injury. In the present study, we investigated the ...
Mauro Annamaria - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are extracellular zinc-dependent endopeptidases involved in the degradation and remodelling of extracellular matrix in physiological and pathological processes. MMPs also have a role on cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, angiogenesis and apoptosis. Umbilical cord is a special organ subjected to many changes during pre-natal life and whose cells ...
Zhang Xu-Xiang - - 2010
In order to investigate the potential effects of microcystin-LR (MC-LR) on the expression of metalloproteinases (MMPs), Mice were orally administered with MC-LR in drinking water (0, 1, 40 and 80 μg/L) for 180 d, and hepatic MMP-2/-9 expression was evaluated at the levels of enzyme activity, protein level and mRNA ...
Erdozain Olivia J - - 2011
Background/Aims: We sought to determine whether hypoxia is an initiating factor in the matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) up-regulation observed in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and whether hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) or Ets-1 are mediating factors. Methods: Human AAA and normal aorta were analysed for MMP-2, HIF-1α and Ets-1 by immunohistochemistry. Human aortic ...
Renò Filippo - - 2011
Oral epithelial keratinocytes express nicotinic cholinergic receptors which activation modulates keratinocytes differentiation and migration through different metabolic pathways. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are Zn-dependent enzyme involved in cell migration. Among them, gelatinase B (MMP-9) and epilysin (MMP-28) are two MMPs expressed by human keratinocytes during both wound healing and proliferation. Their ...
Lee Judy W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Radiotherapy, an essential modality in cancer treatment, frequently induces fibrotic processes in the skin, including accumulation of extracellular matrix. Transforming growth factor-β is essential in regulating extracellular matrix gene expression and is dependent on Smad3, an intracellular mediator/transcription factor. Our study characterized the genetic expression involved in extracellular matrix ...
Lu Xiao-Dong - - 2010
To observe the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in rats with pulmonary fibrosis (PF) induced by bleomycin, and to explore the mechanisms of Shenlong Decoction in preventing and treating PF. A total of 230 Wistar rats were divided into normal control group, untreated group, ...
Parkinson John - - 2010
To determine differences in the metabolism of proteoglycans and the gene expression of proteinases and their inhibitors between patellar tendons exhibiting chronic overuse tendinopathy and normal patellar tendons in humans. Rates of loss and synthesis of proteoglycans were determined. Radiolabeled and total proteoglycans retained in and lost from the tissue ...
Glaeser Juliane D - - 2010
Angiogenesis is essential to tissue reconstitution, is sensitive to mechanical stresses, and currently represents one of the major challenges in tissue engineering. The pro-angiogenic matrix metalloprotease-2 (MMP-2) is upregulated in mechanically loaded mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Therefore, MMP-2 may provide a regulating link between angiogenesis and the surrounding mechanical conditions. ...
Cheng Xiaomiao - - 2010
To determine the role of fosinopril and valsartan intervention in Klotho, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) gene expression in hypertensive renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) in the kidney tissue of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). We randomly divided 20 male 22-week-old SHR into 4 ...
Ohguchi K - - 2010
SIRT1, an NAD(+) -dependent histone/protein deacetylase, controls a broad range of cellular functions. We examined if SIRT1 is involved in the regulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression in human dermal fibroblasts. We studied the effect of inhibition of SIRT1 by specific inhibitor and small interfering RNA (siRNA) on MMP-1 and ...
Inagaki Daisuke - - 2010
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) is a major endogenous regulator of matrix metalloproteinases. This study examined the relation between TIMP-1 gene expression and postoperative mortality in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Specimens of CRC were obtained from 202 patients. The relative expression levels of TIMP-1 mRNA in cancer and in ...
Morgan Jennifer J UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N1EH, - - 2010
Myoblast migration requires matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity but the contribution of individual MMPs or tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMPs), particularly MMP-9 and TIMP-1, is lacking. Using two clones derived for differential regulation of MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1, we correlated protein expression with cell migration. MMP/TIMP regulation was determined by ...
Tsarouhas Alexandros - - 2011
The involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in both the pathogenesis of intervertebral disc (ID) herniation and the spontaneous regression of herniated ID fragments remains only partially elucidated. The purpose of the present study was to simultaneously examine the transcript levels of a large number of MMPs (-1, -3, -8, -9, ...
You Jingjing - - 2012
To investigate the relationship between the expression of the cancer metastasis suppressor gene KAI1 and MMP-2 and MMP-9 in human bladder cancer cell lines that express variable levels of KAI1. Five bladder cancer cell lines (BL-28/0, BL-13/0, BL-17/0/×1, B10, and D2) were grown in standard culture conditions. Gelatinase activities in ...
Szabova Ludmila - - 2010
The membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) are essential for pericellular matrix remodeling in late stages of development, as well as in growth and tissue homeostasis in postnatal life. Although early morphogenesis is perceived to involve substantial tissue remodeling, the roles of MT-MMPs in these processes are only partially characterized. Here we ...
Osman Bashier - - 2011
The mTOR-inhibitor rapamycin is a potent drug used in many immunosuppressive and antiinflammatory therapeutic regimes. In renal transplantation despite its beneficial roles rapamycin in some cases can promote renal fibrosis in the kidney but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. In this study, we tested for possible modulatory effects of rapamycin ...
Braundmeier A G - - 2010
Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN; BSG) regulates tissue remodeling through matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). In human and non-human primates, endometrial remodeling is important for menstruation and the pathogenesis of endometriosis. We hypothesized that as in humans, BSG and MMPs are expressed in the endometrium of cycling baboons, and their expression is ...
Cummins Francis J FJ - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinease-9 (MMP-9) is involved in a host of processes. Many of its processes are physiologically beneficial as well as detrimental. The over-expression of this enzyme has been implicated as a contributory factor to some of the sequalae associated with cerebral ischemia, cell death, non-healing wounds, traumatic brain injury, aneurysms, ...
Speidl Walter S - - 2011
The complement component C5a is formed during activation of the complement cascade and exerts chemotactic and proinflammatory effects. Macrophages, which are localized in the rupture-prone shoulder regions of coronary plaques, are thought to play a major role in plaque destabilization and rupture through the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). When ...
Bao W - - 2010
CD147 is a highly glycosylated transmembrane protein that is known to play a role in regulation of many protein families. It has the unique ability to maintain functional activity in both the membrane bound state and in the soluble form. CD147 is known to play a role in regulation of ...
Rasheed Suhail Ahmed Kabeer - - 2010
Despite progress in treatment, progressive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) still limits survival dramatically, and novel therapeutic compounds are needed. Initial investigations suggest that artesunate (ART), an antimalarial drug, has antiproliferative capacities. However, antiinvasive and antimetastatic properties of ART in cancer have never been explored. Therefore, this first study was ...
Kelly Brent C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) occurs in patients with renal dysfunction and gadolinium exposure. Although little is known about the pathogenesis of this disease, increased expression of transforming growth factor-beta has been recently demonstrated. Other fibrosing conditions have been shown to express an imbalance in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression and ...
Turner N A - - 2010
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 1 (IL-1) elicits catabolic effects on the myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM) early after myocardial infarction but there is little understanding of its direct effects on cardiac myofibroblasts (CMF), a key cell type involved in the regulation of myocardial remodelling. We used a focused RT-PCR microarray to ...
Shih Yuan-Wei - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to investigate the anti-metastatic effect of alpha-mangostin on phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expressions in A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Firstly, alpha-mangostin could inhibit PMA-induced abilities of the adhesion, invasion, and migration. Data also showed alpha-mangostin could inhibit ...
Thomas A C - - 2010
Foam cell macrophage (FCM) formation is an early event in atherosclerosis that precedes both fibrous cap development and subsequent cap rupture; FCM have been implicated in both events. To understand this further we compared the transcriptomes of FCM and non-foamy macrophages (NFM) produced in subcutaneous sponges implanted into fat-fed ApoE ...
Roomi M W - - 2010
Type IV collagenase matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially MMP-2 and MMP-9, have been found to promote invasion and metastasis of malignant tumors. Extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation by MMPs and increased expression of MMPs in cancer cells and tumor microvascular endothelial cells make MMPs an attractive target for cancer. Focused on a ...
Ta Nga N - - 2010
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4)/CD26, a cell surface glycoprotein, is expressed by a variety of cells including T cells, B cells, NK cells, and macrophages. Although it has been shown that DPP-4/CD26 is involved in T cell activation, its role in biological functions in macrophages has not been well investigated. In this ...
Wang Huan - - 2010
The extracellular matrix (ECM) is important for both structural integrity and functions of the brain. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play major roles in ECM-remodeling under both physiological and pathological conditions. Reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal motifs (Reck) is a membrane-anchored MMP-regulator implicated in coordinated regulation of pericellular proteolysis. Although patho-physiological importance ...
Wang Guo-Wei - - 2010
To investigate the effects of experimentally created disordered occlusion on the mandibular condylar cartilage in terms of histological morphology and expression of MMP-3, MMP-9, TIMP-1 and aggrecan. Eighty 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two experimental (Exp) and two control (Con) groups, with equal sex and number distribution as ...
Lee Eugene S - - 2010
Failure of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) maturation is attributed to impaired vein remodeling. The purpose of this study is to identify whether vein matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression and activity is associated with AVF maturation. Patients with renal insufficiency undergoing surgery had their vein segments harvested and snap-frozen at time of AVF ...
Chi Xiuling - - 2010
IL-4, an anti-inflammatory cytokine, was found to stimulate 15-PGDH activity in A549 and other lung cancer cells. Increase in 15-PGDH activity was due to increased transcription and decreased protein turnover of 15-PGDH. MMP-9 was shown to result in decreased levels of 15-PGDH in A549 cells. IL-4 induced down-regulation of MMP-9 ...
Lagarrigue Frédéric - - 2010
Many anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCL) express the chimeric oncogene NPM-ALK, which drives malignant transformation and invasion. In this study, we show that NPM-ALK expression increases matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression. Accordingly, we found that 100% of a large panel of ALK(+) ALCL biopsies examined were also MMP-9(+), in contrast to ...
Reddy Venkatapuram Seenu - - 2010
IL-18 and the extracellular matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inducer (EMMPRIN) stimulate the expression of proinflammatory cytokines and MMPs and are elevated in myocardial hypertrophy, remodeling, and failure. Here, we report several novel findings in primary cardiomyocytes treated with IL-18. First, IL-18 activated multiple transcription factors, including NF-κB (p50 and p65), activator ...
Liang Ching-Chung - - 2010
To investigate the activities of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and its inhibitors, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, -2 and -3 (TIMP-1, TIMP-2 and TIMP-3), in the pelvic support and nonsupport tissue of women with uterine prolapse but without urinary incontinence. Paired samples of uterosacral ligament and cervical tissue were obtained from 11 ...
Enloe Brian M - - 2011
Patients afflicted with glioblastoma (GBM) have poor survival due to dispersive invasion throughout the brain. Necl-5, a cell surface receptor for vitronectin, is expressed in GBM but not normal brain. In several GBM cell lines Necl-5 promotes migration and invasion but the mechanism is poorly understood. In this study, we ...
Al-Dasooqi Noor - - 2010
Alimentary tract (AT) mucositis is a serious and debilitating side-effect of cancer therapy primarily characterized by damage of the mucous membranes throughout the AT. It is well established that this damage is a result of up-regulation of stress response genes and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been shown to ...
Jung Hyun Joo - - 2010
Earlier investigations from our laboratory demonstrated that the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) was down-regulated by exogenously administered agmatine against ischemia-like injuries in the murine brain capillary endothelial (bEnd.3) cells. In our present study, we intended to investigate the mechanism involved in the inhibition of MMPs in bEnd.3 cells infected ...
Lenkowski Jenny R - - 2010
Exposure to the herbicide atrazine disrupts many developmental processes in non-target animals. Atrazine exposure during organ morphogenesis in amphibians results in dramatic malformations; the mechanism by which this happens has not been described. We have taken a candidate gene approach to explore two possible mechanisms by which acute atrazine exposure ...
Fukui Tadayoshi - - 2010
The aim of this study is to investigate whether BMP-2 regulates the oral sulcus formation of mouse embryonic tongue by modifying the expression of TIMP and MMP. The BMP-2 siRNA induced a 180% increase in the depth of oral sulcus cavity (P < 0.01) by stimulating the invagination of oral ...
Yurube Takashi - - 2010
The rodent static compression loading-induced disc degeneration model still has important gaps among the radiographic, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and histological schemes and the acute and chronic expression of catabolic genes such as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3. Our objectives were to assess the validity of a rat tail two-disc static compression ...
Zitta Karina - - 2010
After myocardial infarction, elevated levels of interleukins (ILs) are found within the myocardial tissue and IL-1beta is considered to play a major role in tissue remodelling events throughout the body. In the study presented, we have established a cell culture model of primary pig heart cells to evaluate the effects ...
Benaitreau Delphine - - 2010
Adiponectin is an adipokine with insulin-sensitizing, anti-inflammatory, anti-atherogenic, and anti-proliferative effects. The expression of specific adiponectin receptors in the placenta and in the endometrium suggests a role for this cytokine in placental development, but this role has not yet been elucidated. The invasion of trophoblast cells during the first trimester ...
McCormick Jessica M - - 2010
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is a widely used brominated flame retardant that is persistent in the environment and detected in human serum and breast milk. TBBPA is microbiologically transformed in anaerobic environments to bisphenol A (BPA) and in aerobic environments to TBBPA dimethyl ether (TBBPA DME). Despite the detection of TBBPA ...
Barresi V - - 2011
Despite total macroscopic resection of meningiomas relapses do occur in these tumours, possibly because of microscopic clusters of neoplastic cells left in the dura mater or in the arachnoid membrane. The invasiveness of the neoplastic cells of human meningiomas has been related to expression of matrix-metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), a peptidase actively ...
García-de-Alba Carolina - - 2010
Fibrocytes are progenitor cells characterized by the simultaneous expression of mesenchymal, monocyte, and hematopoietic stem cell markers. We previously documented their presence in lungs of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. However, the mechanisms involved in their migration, subsequent homing, and local role remain unclear. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) facilitate cell migration ...
Munezane Takashi - - 2010
The altered structure and composition of the vascular extracellular matrix (ECM) influences the formation of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Transglutaminase type 2 (TG2), which is a Ca(2+)-dependent cross-linking enzyme, has been proven the importance for ECM homeostasis, but there is no evidence of TG2 in AAA formation. The hypothesis was ...
Turner Neil A - - 2010
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) elicits catabolic effects on the myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM) early after myocardial infarction but there is little understanding of its direct effects on cardiac myofibroblasts (CMF), or the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). We used a focused RT-PCR microarray to investigate the effects ...
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