Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1973
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Cury Patricia R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is a positive correlation between the course of periodontal disease and psychosocial stress status. Stress leads to activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, resulting in increased cortisol release. The present study evaluates the effect of two different hydrocortisone concentrations on mRNA expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitor ...
Philips Neena - - 2007
Cancer is associated with increased cell growth, and expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). The dose-dependent effects of ascorbate (Vitamin C) on cancer cell growth, and expression of MMPs and TGF-beta were examined. Renal-adenocarcinoma, melanoma and mammary cancer cells were dosed with 0-100mM ascorbate and examined ...
Purwar Rahul - - 2008
Skin inflammation and remodeling are important pathophysiological features of chronic eczematous skin diseases. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) have been described to influence tissue remodeling and to facilitate cell migration through their ability to proteolyse the extracellular matrix. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of IL-13 on the ...
Lluri Gentian - - 2008
Myogenesis in vitro involves myoblast cell cycle arrest, migration, and fusion to form multinucleated myotubes. Extracellular matrix (ECM) integrity during these processes is maintained by the opposing actions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) proteases and their inhibitors, the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Here, we report that TIMP-2, MMP-2, and MT1-MMP ...
Tsukamoto Hiroshi - - 2007
To determine the metabolism location of the extra-cellular matrix proteins in fugu (Takifugu rubripes), we cloned the cDNAs of the fugu gelatinases, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9, and examined their expressions in various adult tissues using a quantitative real-time PCR. The expression profiles of fugu gelatinases were different among tissues. ...
Atkinson J M JM Institute of Cancer Therapeutics, University of Bradford, Tumbling Hill Street, Bradford, West Yorkshire, BD7 1DP, - - 2007
Improved understanding of the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including membrane-type MMPs (MT-MMPs), in human tumours has potential diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic implications. We assessed the relationship between MT-MMP expression and clinicopathological parameters in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and histologically normal lung tissue by quantitative Real Time PCR ...
Basu Sanchita - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to the matrix-degrading phenotype of mycobacterial diseases. Considering that MMPs could contribute to the mutual exacerbation of both Mycobacterium avium and HIV in coinfections, it is of importance to understand the mechanisms of M. avium-induced MMP induction. Focusing on MMP-9, our work demonstrates that a cyclooxygenase-2 ...
Agrawal Smriti M - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are expressed in the developing, healthy adult and diseased CNS. We emphasize the regulation of neurogenesis and oligodendrogenesis by MMPs during CNS development, and highlight physiological roles of MMPs in the healthy adult CNS, such as in synaptic plasticity, learning and memory. Nonetheless, MMPs as "the good ...
Song Yuhua - - 2008
Fra-1 is overexpressed in a variety of human tumors. Whether MMP-9 expression is regulated by Fra-1 has been contradictory. To clarify the capability of Fra-1 in activating transcription of MMP-9 gene, we analyzed the transcriptional activity of the MMP-9 promoter through the measure of luciferase activities in the MCF-7 cells ...
Tanaka Masamitsu - - 2007
Interaction of the Eph family of receptor protein tyrosine kinases and their ligands, ephrin family members, induces bi-directional signaling via cell-cell contacts. High expression of B-type ephrin is associated with high invasion potential of tumors, however, the mechanism by which ephrin-B promotes cancer cell invasion is poorly understood. We show ...
Song G - - 2007
Cathepsins (CTSs) are peptidases that have biological roles in degrading extracellular matrix, catabolism of intracellular proteins, and processing of pro-hormones. Cystatin C (CST3) is a secreted inhibitor of lysosomal cysteine proteases cathepsin B (CTSB) and CTSL. Our working hypothesis is that cathepsins and cystatins play important roles in implantation and ...
Tajima Kunihiko - - 2007
Background/Aim: In liver fibrosis, activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are transformed into myofibroblasts. Helix-loop-helix (HLH) transcriptional factors such as MyoD regulate the differentiation of myocytes, and the inhibitor of DNA binding/differentiation (Id) family comprises dominant negative HLH transcriptional regulators that inhibit differentiation and promote cell proliferation. In the present study, ...
Koyama Y - - 2007
Production of tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs), a family of secreted proteins with inhibitory actions on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), is up-regulated following nerve injuries and is suggested to have protective effects against MMP-mediated tissue damages. To clarify the extracellular signals involved in TIMP production in the brain, the effects ...
Balakrishnan Annida - - 2007
Cigarette smoking has been established as a major risk factor for atherosclerosis and also for lung cancer. Nicotine is an active substance present in tobacco. We have analyzed the effect of hesperidin, a bioflavonoid on nicotine induced toxicity. Antioxidant status and expression of MMPs (Matrix metalloproteinases) were analyzed to monitor ...
Nomura Masayuki - - 2007
The DNA microarray analysis for matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-related mRNA expression in equine superficial digital flexor tendinitis indicated that mRNA level of MMP-13 was apparently up-regulated in the tendinitis as compared to normal tendon. In situ hybridization also revealed that fibroblastic cells proliferated in the granulation tissue generated in the tendinitis ...
Buache Emilie - - 2007
The apicomplexan Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular parasite, can infect humans and a wide range of vertebrates. Following oral infection, the parasite invades tissues by crossing non-permissive biological barriers such as the placenta or the blood-brain barrier. But the molecular mechanisms underlying migration of T. gondii remain poorly characterized. The ...
Sun Qing - - 2007
MMP25 (MT6-MMP) is one of the two glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that have been suggested to play a role in pericellular proteolysis. However, its role in cancer is unknown, and its biochemical properties are not well established. Here we found a marked increase in MT6-MMP expression within in situ dysplasia ...
Segarra Marta - - 2007
Gelatinases (MMP2 and MMP9) are expressed in giant-cell arteritis (GCA) and are thought to play a role in vessel disruption. However, their activation status and enzymatic activity have not been evaluated. Our aim was to investigate the distribution and proteolytic activity of gelatinases in GCA lesions at different stages. Expression ...
Kasper Grit - - 2007
Progenitor cells are involved in the regeneration of the musculoskeletal system, which is known to be influenced by mechanical boundary conditions. Furthermore, matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) and tissue-specific inhibitors of metalloproteases (TIMPs) are crucial for matrix remodelling processes that occur during regeneration of bone and other tissues. This study has therefore ...
Zhao J X - - 2007
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have come to be highlighted by their close relation to the cell invasion of gliomas. The inhibitors of MMPs have undergone extensive development because of its effectiveness against tumor invasion and angiogenesis. Therefore, a suitable animal model is necessary for searching new MMPs inhibitors against gliomas. ...
Rajapakse Niranjan - - 2007
In the present study, sulfated glucosamine (SGlc) that has been reported to relieve joint pain and inflammation in many arthritis patients was studied for its inhibitory effects on MMP-2 and MMP-9 in human fibrosarcoma cells. Expression and activity of above MMPs studied using gelatin zymography suggested SGlc as a potent ...
Park Byung Chul - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in solid tumor invasion and migration. In this study, we showed that 1-furan-2-yl-3-pyridin-2-yl-propenone (FPP-3) dose-dependently inhibited HT1080 cell invasion and migration, and decreased MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities. Furthermore, FPP-3 reduced MMP-2 expression at protein and mRNA levels, and suppressed 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-enhanced expression of MT1-MMP ...
McClung Heather M - - 2007
Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) is highly expressed in human gliomas and promotes glioma invasion. We have shown by cDNA array analysis that SPARC upregulates membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) transcripts. To confirm these findings at the protein level and determine whether SPARC ...
Andrian Elisoa - - 2007
Under physiological conditions, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in the remodeling and turnover of periodontal tissue and their activity is tightly regulated by tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Disturbances in the balance between MMPs and TIMPs may result in excessive tissue destruction. We previously used an engineered human oral mucosa ...
Yan Chunhong - - 2007
The metalloproteinases degrade extracellular matrix (ECM) components and activate growth factors, thereby contributing to physiological events (tissue remodeling in pregnancy, wound healing, angiogenesis) and pathological conditions (cancer, arthritis, periodontitis). The intent of this review is to bring together various studies on transcriptional and post-transcriptional control of metalloproteinase expression. Certainly, much ...
Zhu Tie-Nian - - 2007
The actin-binding protein filamin A (FLNa) is associated with diverse cellular processes such as cell motility and signaling through its scaffolding properties. Here we examine the effect of FLNa on the regulation of signaling pathways that control the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The lack of FLNa in human M2 ...
Shin Chan Young - - 2007
Immunologically activated astrocytes over-express matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and nitric oxide (NO). Because they have both beneficial and detrimental effects on the pathophyiological outcomes of several neurological diseases, their expression should be tightly regulated in the CNS. NO can modify the activity of other proteins either by directly modifying protein structure ...
Ko Hyun-Mi - - 2007
In this study, the roles of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 in platelet-activating factor (PAF)-induced experimental pulmonary metastasis of the murine melanoma cell, B16F10, were investigated. An injection of PAF resulted in increases in mRNA expression, protein levels and the activities of both MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the lungs. The ...
Mochizuki Satsuki - - 2007
A disintegrin and metalloproteinases (ADAMs) are a new gene family of proteins with sequence similarity to the reprolysin family of snake venomases that share the metalloproteinase domain with matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). They are structurally classified into two groups: the membrane-anchored ADAM and ADAM with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS). These molecules are ...
Suminoe Aiko - - 2007
The mRNA contents of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2 in leukemia cells from 33 infants with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were quantified at initial presentation, and the correlation between their expression and patient clinical characteristics was examined. The mRNA contents of MMP-2 and MMP-9 ...
Wu Min - - 2007
Calreticulin is an endoplasmic reticulum protein important in cardiovascular development. Deletion of the calreticulin gene leads to defects in the heart and the formation of omphaloceal. These defects could both be due to changes in the extracellular matrix composition. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 are two of the MMPs which ...
Liu Wenlan - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) degrade the extracellular matrix and are implicated in the pathogenesis of several neurological diseases. Secreted in proforms, the MMPs require activation. Tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs) regulate the activity of MMPs. We investigated the expression of MMP-2 and -9, and the role of the TIMP-3 in ...
Mino Nobuya - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-3 (TIMP-3) inhibits the activity of metalloproteinases that play important roles in development and progression of malignant tumors. We conducted a retrospective study of TIMP-3 expression in resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: TIMP-3 expression was examined immunohistochemically in primary tumor specimens from ...
Zhang Xuan - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are spatiotemporally expressed in the uterus across normal estrous and menstrual cycles and are known to participate in the extensive endometrial tissue remodeling. MMP-9/gelatinase B is one of the major MMPs found in the uterus that modulates uterine biology during various reproductive processes. Although it seems that ...
Johnston Phillip - - 2007
PURPOSE: Dupuytren's disease (DD) is a common fibrotic condition of the palmar fascia, leading to deposition of collagen-rich cords and finger contractions. The metzincin superfamily contains key enzymes in the turnover of collagen and other extracellular matrix macromolecules. A number of broad-spectrum matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors, used in cancer clinical trials, ...
Kilani Ruhangiz T - - 2007
Overexpression of wound healing-promoting factors such as transforming growth factor-1 (TGF-beta1) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) during the healing process has been implicated in the development of dermal fibrosis in patients following thermal injury, surgical incision, and deep trauma. However, the mechanism through which the expression of these two fibrogenic ...
Hiden Ursula - - 2007
The invasion of extravillous trophoblasts into the uterine wall is of crucial importance for placental and fetal development, and its dysregulation has been implicated in a wide spectrum of abnormal pregnancies. Mechanistically, trophoblast invasion strongly resembles the invasion of tumour cells, but differs from it by tight regulation in time ...
Guo Naxin - - 2007
Keratocytes of the corneal stroma produce transparent extracellular matrix devoid of hyaluronan (HA); however, in corneal pathologies and wounds, HA is abundant. We previously showed primary keratocytes cultured under serum-free conditions to secrete matrix similar to that of normal stroma, but serum and transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) induced secretion ...
Mori Tsuyoshi - - 2007
We identified RECK, a membrane-anchored glycoprotein negatively regulating the activities of MMPs, as a molecule interacting with Tgat oncoprotein consisting of RhoGEF domain and the unique C-terminal 15 amino acids. The Tgat increased the invasive potential of NIH3T3 cells expressing endogenous mouse RECK and this effect was partially inhibited by ...
Kondo Shunya - - 2007
Extracellular matrix (ECM) undergoes continuous remodeling during mammalian development. Although involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in ECM degradation has been well documented, how this process is regulated to allow proper ECM accumulation remains unclear. We previously showed the involvement of a membrane-anchored MMP regulator, RECK (reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with Kazal ...
Simsa S - - 2007
Vertebrate long bones are formed by endochondral ossification, a process accompanied by changes in extracellular matrix synthesis and remodeling, performed mainly by the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP). The temporal/spatial expression patterns of 5 members of the MMP family known to be important for endochondral ossification were studied, for the first time, ...
Herszenyi Laszlo L 2nd Department of Medicine, Semmelweis University, H-1088 Budapest, Szentkiralyi u. 46, Hungary. - - 2007
To investigate the role of glutathione S-transferase (GST) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expressions in the development and progression of reflux esophagitis-Barrett's metaplasia-dysplasia-adenocarcinoma sequence in the esophagus. GST and MMP-9 expressions were analyzed in 51 paraffin-embedded tissue samples by immunohistochemistry including patients with reflux esophagitis (n = 7), Barrett's metaplasia (n ...
Rabot A - - 2007
In degrading the extracellular matrix, matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and the plasminogen activator (PA) system may play a critical role in extensive remodeling that occurs in the bovine mammary gland during development, lactation, and involution. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate the mRNA expression of MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-14, ...
Mylona E - - 2007
AIMS: To investigate the clinicopathological and prognostic significance of membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and MMP-9 proteins expression in invasive breast carcinoma and their relationship to tumour proliferation and expression of c-erbB2 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was carried out on 175 paraffin-embedded breast tissue specimens ...
Chen Li - - 2007
Mouse embryo implantation is a highly invasive and controlled process that involves remodeling and degradation of the extracellular matrix of the uterus. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are the main proteinases facilitating this process. Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) can stimulate the production of MMPs and is required for successful implantation in ...
Li Hao - - 2007
Phenotypic modulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in the blood vessel wall from a differentiated to a proliferative state during vascular injury and inflammation plays an important role in restenosis and atherosclerosis. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) is a member of the MMP family of proteases, which participate in extracellular ...
Harris James E JE Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunity, Imperial College, Du Cane Road, London, United - - 2007
CNS tuberculosis (CNS-TB) is the most deadly form of tuberculous disease accounting for 10% of clinical cases. CNS-TB is characterized by extensive tissue destruction, in which matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) may play a critical role. We investigated the hypothesis that Mycobacterium tuberculosis activates monocyte-astrocyte networks increasing the activity of key MMPs. ...
Paixão-Cavalcante Danielle - - 2007
Envenomation by spiders belonging to the Loxosceles genus (brown spider) often results in local dermonecrotic lesions. We have previously shown that Loxosceles sphingomyelinase D (SMase D), the venom component responsible for all the pathological effects, induced the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in rabbits and in human keratinocytic cells. We ...
Lee Syng-Ook - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) plays an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. In this study, we examined the inhibitory effect of silibinin, a flavonoid antioxidant from milk thistle (Silybum marianum L.) on PMA-induced MMP-9 expression in MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells. Silibinin significantly and selectively suppressed PMA-induced ...
Bradburn, Jennifer Elizabeth
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the most common form of oral cancer. Current standard therapy involves surgical resection of the primary tumor followed by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. Each year 3-7% patients succumb to a second primary tumor at. Clinical evidence supports a contribution of sustained inflammation, reactive ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >