Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1973
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Cho Soyun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Compared with the detailed characterization of the ultraviolet (UV) response in human skin, the effects of infrared (IR) and other regions of the sunlight are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To determine the participation of IR/visible light and heat components of the sunlight on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and type I procollagen expression, ...
Liu Fenye - - 2008
BACKGROUND: It is known that hyperhomocysteinemia (Hhcy) is associated with the risk of restenosis after angioplasty. Folate can lower plasma homocysteine (Hcy) level and alleviate the Hhcy-induced neointima formation after balloon injury. This study aims to explore the mechanisms of folate in inhibiting neointima formation. METHODS: 24 New Zealand White ...
Obro Nina Friesgaard - - 2008
A splice variant of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) mRNA lacking exon 2 (TIMP-1-v2) has been identified in human cancer cells and in colorectal and breast cancer tumors. The purpose of this study was (1) to study the level of full length TIMP-1 and TIMP-1-v2 transcripts in colorectal tumors; (2) ...
Mühlen, Sabrina
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are the known cause for cancers of the cervix and are associated with a variety of other human malignancies including head and neck, and skin. The cottontail-rabbit papillomavirus (CRPV) serves as a suitable animal model to study the development and progression of these cancers in-vivo. Our group ...
Kubota Takehiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The balance between the degradation and synthesis of extracellular matrix determines periodontal attachment levels and alveolar bone matrix concentration in periodontal diseases. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are known to degrade periodontal ligamental attachment and bone matrix proteins. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of different expression ...
Kominsky Scott L - - 2008
Bone metastasis occurs frequently in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients causing significant morbidity by stimulating excessive osteolysis, yet the mechanisms responsible have been little studied. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are over-expressed in many cancer types and are believed to play a role in bone metastasis, however, the expression of MMPs in ...
Wang Anxun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastomas are odontogenic neoplasms characterized by local invasiveness. This study was conducted to address the role of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in the invasiveness of ameloblastomas. METHODS: Plasmids containing either MMP-2 siRNA or tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) cDNA were created and subsequently transfected into primary ameloblastoma cells. Zymography, RT-PCR, ...
Hu Jianmin - - 2008
PURPOSE: Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) is a member of the main subgroup of bone morphogenetic proteins within the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily. BMP-2 is involved in numerous cellular functions including development, cell proliferation, apoptosis, and extracellular matrix synthesis. We examined BMP-2 expression in human scleral fibroblasts (HSF) and assessed ...
Gardner Keri - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of stress deprivation and cyclic loading on TIMP-1/MMP-13 mRNA expression ratio in rat tail tendon (RTT) cells. METHOD: Adult RTTs were stress-deprived for 0, 24, 48, or 72 hours in the presence or absence of a MMP inhibitor (ilomastat), or subjected to 1%, 3%, or ...
Moens Cecilia - - 2008
INTRODUCTIONThis protocol describes the mounting of zebrafish embryos for observation after whole-mount in situ hybridization. Embryos can be mounted in glycerol or dehydrated and mounted in Permount, with or without the yolk. Glycerol causes less shrinkage, but is not as effective a clearing agent. Embryos mounted on the yolk should ...
Cann Gordon M - - 2008
Murine light chain 3 (LC3) exists as two isoforms, LC3alpha and beta: LC3beta is an RNA-binding protein that enhances fibronectin (FN) mRNA translation, and is also a marker of autophagy. We report embryonic expression patterns for LC3alpha and LC3beta, with some overlap but notable differences in the brain, and in ...
Lesauskaite Vaiva - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Vocal fold polyps are the most common benign laryngeal lesions. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) play an important role in the physiological and pathological remodeling of tissues. The most important subgroup of MMP family consists of gelatinases A and B (MMP-2 and MMP-9). The objective of this study was investigation of ...
Kato Masashi - - 2008
This study focused on the effects of arsenic (As) on fibroblast-derived matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -14 levels, as these proteins were reported to be associated with tumor progression. Arsenic was found to promote production of the fibroblast-derived active form of MMP-2. Further, As at 100 or 1000 microM increased MMP-14 ...
Becker Juergen - - 2008
Neuroblastoma is the most frequent solid malignancy of children. The most reliable prognostic factor in neuroblastoma is the amplification status of the MYCN oncogene, but exceptions from this rule have been observed. Recently we have demonstrated that keratoepithelin (BIGH3, TGFBI) expression significantly reduces proliferation and invasion of neuroblastomas in vitro ...
Zhong Wei-de - - 2008
AIM: CD147 and MMPs have been demonstrated to be involved in tumor invasion and angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinicopathological significance of CD147, MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression in human prostate cancer (PCa) and to evaluate their involvement in the progression of PCa. METHODS: CD147, ...
Chuang Cheng-Hung - - 2008
Antioxidants have been suggested to inhibit the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially MMP-9, which plays a critical role in tumor metastasis. Because of its antioxidant activity and the ability to chelate divalent cations, L-carnosine (LC) was tested for inhibition of MMP-9 in a highly invasive hepatocarcinoma, SK-Hep-1 cells. We ...
Sun Limin - - 2008
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), which is the most common malignancy of the oral cavity, is often associated with local and regional invasion. Increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is correlated with invasive behavior of OSCC. Because transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) is up-regulated in OSCC tumors, we examined the ...
Rodriguez Jose A - - 2008
Atherosclerosis is the common pathophysiological substrate of ischemic vascular diseases and their thrombotic complications. The unbalance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs) has been hypothesized to be involved in the growth, destabilization, and eventual rupture of atherosclerotic lesions. Different MMPs have been assigned relevant roles in the pathology ...
Kizaki Keiichiro - - 2008
Various molecules participate in implantation and maintaining endometrial function during gestation. The remodeling of endometrial matrices is a necessary process in the coordination of gestational progress. Matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs) like gelatinases (MMP-2 and -9) and collagenase (MMP-1) are considered to play important roles in this process. We examined MMP-2 and -9 ...
Prato Mauro - - 2008
It has been shown previously that human monocytes fed with haemozoin (HZ) or trophozoite-parasitized RBCs displayed increased matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) enzyme activity and protein/mRNA expression and increased TNF production, and showed higher matrix invasion ability. The present study utilized the same experimental model to analyse the effect of phagocytosis of: ...
Lee Syng-Ook - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) plays an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. In this study, we examined the inhibitory effect of capillarisin, a bioactive flavonoid of Artemisia capillaries, on phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)-induced MMP-9 expression in MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cells. Capillarisin significantly and selectively suppressed PMA-induced ...
Clark Ian M IM School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK. - - 2008
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are a family of 23 enzymes in man. These enzymes were originally described as cleaving extracellular matrix (ECM) substrates with a predominant role in ECM homeostasis, but it is now clear that they have much wider functionality. Control over MMP and/or tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP) ...
Cury P R - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Substance P may play a role in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease; however, its mechanisms of modulation are not clear. This study evaluated the effect of two concentrations of Substance P on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in cultured human ...
Rastogi Sharad - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Therapy with cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) electrical signals delivered to left ventricular (LV) muscle during the absolute refractory period improves LV systolic and diastolic function in dogs with heart failure (HF). This study examined the effects of CCM therapy on mRNA and protein expression of cytoskeletal proteins, matrix metalloproteinases ...
Kim So-Young - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) plays an important role in mediating the invasion and angiogenic process of malignant gliomas. This study was undertaken to determine if an isoflavone metabolite, irisolidone, inhibits MMP-9 expression in human astroglioma cells. Irisolidone was found to inhibit the secretion and protein expression of MMP-9 induced by PMA ...
Oslejsková L - - 2008
The metastasis-associated protein S100A4 belongs to the large family of S100 calcium-binding proteins that appear to play regulatory roles in diverse biological activities. Moreover, a prognostic role of S100A4 has been suggested for patients with several types of cancer. Cancer promoting properties for S100A4 have been demonstrated, particularly through its ...
Alcazar Oscar - - 2007
To investigate whether overexpression of MMP-14 and/or TIMP-2 would overcome the effect of nonlethal oxidant injury with hydroquinone (HQ) on MMP-2 activity. Human MMP-14 and TIMP2 cDNA were cloned into a mammalian expression vector. Transient transfections were performed on human ARPE-19 cells. The cells were incubated 48 hours after transfection ...
Maruo Nobuyuki - - 2007
Relaxin promotes softening of the uterine cervix and inhibits uterine contractility in rats, mice and pigs. Little information, however, is available about the role of relaxin in humans. In 2002, LGR7 and LGR8 were discovered to be receptors for relaxin and those receptors were identified in the human placenta. Thus, ...
O'Grady A - - 2007
AIMS: To investigate the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2 in non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and to compare their expression between different tumour types and with clinicopathological factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: A study of 11 normal skin, 29 Bowen's disease (BD), 40 ...
Kong Lingfei - - 2007
Local invasion of tumor cells is characteristic of most human glioma invasions. It is associated with increased motility and a potential to degrade the extracellular matrix. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been proved to be a main process in local invasion of brain tumor. PRL-3 is a new protein tyrosine phosphatase ...
Rastogi Sharad S Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI 48202, - - 2007
Long-term monotherapy with the aldosterone receptor blocker eplerenone in dogs with HF was previously shown to improve LV systolic and diastolic function. This study examined the effects of long-term monotherapy with the aldosterone receptor blocker eplerenone on mRNA and protein expression of the cytoskeletal proteins titin, tubulin, fibronectin and vimentin, ...
Choi Jee-Young - - 2008
Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is a commensal microorganism found in sebum-rich skin and plays a role in acne inflammation by stimulating keratinocyte to produce a number of proinflammatory cytokines. However, the role of P. acnes in the dermis of acne lesions, where tissue remodeling after inflammation eventually takes place, is ...
Radjabi A Reza AR Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology/Section of Gynecologic Oncology, Center for Integrative Science, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2008
The procoagulatory serine protease, thrombin, is known to induce invasion and metastasis in various cancers, but the mechanisms by which it promotes tumorigenesis are poorly understood. Because the 92-kDa gelatinase (MMP-9) is a known mediator of tumor cell invasion, we sought to determine whether and how thrombin regulates MMP-9. The ...
Berthier Céline C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Remodelling of matrix and tubular basement membranes (TBM) is a characteristic of polycystic kidney disease. We hypothesized that matrix and TBM degradation by metalloproteinases (MMPs) could promote cyst formation. We therefore investigated the renal expression of MMPs in the Han:SPRD rat model of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) ...
Zhu Wei - - 2008
Elevated activities of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) following ischemic stroke have been shown to mediate ischemic injury as well as neurovascular remodeling. The extracellular MMP inducer (EMMPRIN) is a 58-kDa cell surface glycoprotein, which has been known to play a key regulatory role for MMP activities. The roles of EMMPRIN in ...
Zhao Xueyan - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) displays a preference for a broad range of substrates including extracellular matrix proteins and cytokines. MMP-9 plays an important role in physiological processes, as well as in inflammatory diseases and numerous cancers. Interferon-beta is a pleiotropic cytokine with antiviral, antiproliferative and immunomodulatory activities. Interferon-beta positively regulates gene ...
Kuula Heidi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Aberrant matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and human beta-defensin (HBD) functions have been found in inflammatory diseases. The objectives of this study were to investigate the immunolocalisation, mRNA expression and molecular forms of MMP-25, MMP-26, HBD-1 and HBD-2 in chronic and aggressive periodontitis and in peri-implantitis. The expression of MMP-25 by ...
Kurakata Hidenori - - 2008
To investigate the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) during gastrointestinal tract development, the expression of gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) was investigated during fetal rat colon morphogenesis. Fetal rat colons were separated into epithelial and mesenchymal fractions without cross contamination using a chelating agent and a dissecting microscope. Gelatinase activity measured ...
Ding He-lin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The decreased degradation of extra-cellular matrix proteins plays an important role in the onset of diabetic nephropathy. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), which are members of the matrix metalloproteinase family, are associated with this process. Angiotensin II (AII) plays an important role in the development ...
Yang Min - - 2007
The involvement of gelatinase (matrix metalloproteinase-2 [MMP-2] and MMP-9) in the matrix remodeling and development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis has been studied recently, but relatively little is known about the regulators and the mechanisms controlling the activation and expression of gelatinase in renal fibroblasts. In these studies, the production and underlying ...
Ip Ying Chi - - 2007
Previously, we showed that down-regulation of claudin-10 (CLDN-10) in hepatocellular carcinoma is associated with prolonged disease-free survival after curative surgery. Claudins are important tight junction components. Increasing evidence shows that claudins are involved in cancer progression but each member of claudins is specifically expressed in a variety of malignancies. The ...
Goldman Shlomit - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to explore the effect of progesterone on gelatinase expression in the decidua and fetal membranes before and after contractions. STUDY DESIGN: Zymography was conducted for matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) secretion. Semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was performed to examine MMP2 transcripts, and the effect of progesterone ...
Cho Su Jin - - 2007
Pulmonary sclerosing hemangioma (PSH) is relatively rare and is usually considered a benign tumor because of its slow growth and solitary characteristics. However, several cases with lymph node metastasis have been reported, and its pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Three sets of PSH specimens from the Korea Lung Tissue ...
Miyata Shiro - - 2007
Hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor type 1 (HAI-1) is a membrane-bound serine proteinase inhibitor having two extracellular Kunitz-type proteinase inhibitor domains (KD) namely KD-1 and KD-2. It efficiently inhibits hepatocyte growth factor activator, matriptase, hepsin, prostasin and trypsin. We have previously reported that the expression of HAI-1 suppresses the in ...
Vincenti Matthew P - - 2007
An abundance of literature over the past several years indicates a growing interest in the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in normal physiology and in disease pathology. MMPs were originally defined by their ability to degrade the extracellular matrix, but it is now well documented that their substrates extend far ...
Hultström Michael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive renal damage starts in the juxtamedullary cortex (JMC) and gradually extends towards the outer cortex (OC). The intention of the study was to examine if the increase of fibrous tissue in the JMC of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is dependent on an increase of collagen synthesis or ...
Vinh Antony - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aberrant expression of components of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) enzyme system is implicated in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation. We aimed to investigate the influence of a novel histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor (HDACi) metacept-1 (MCT-1), previously documented to reduce MMP expression, on HDAC activity and MMP expression in aortic ...
Naka Takahiko - - 2008
Little is known about proteinase expression in skull base chordoma, a rare bone tumor exhibiting local invasiveness. Using immunohistochemical techniques, we investigated the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)-1, -2, and -9; tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs)-1 and -2; cathepsin B (CatB); urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA); and plasminogen activator inhibitor, ...
Krishnan Laxminarayanan - - 2007
The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a critical role in angiogenesis by providing biochemical and positional cues, as well as by mechanically influencing microvessel cell behavior. Considerable information is known concerning the biochemical cues relevant to angiogenesis, but less is known about the mechanical dynamics during active angiogenesis. The objective of ...
Cortez Dolores M - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) degrade collagen and mediate tissue remodeling. The novel cytokine IL-17 is expressed during various inflammatory conditions and modulates MMP expression. We investigated the effect of IL-17 on MMP-1 expression in primary human cardiac fibroblasts (HCF) and delineated the signaling pathways involved. HCF were treated with recombinant human ...
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