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Aristatile Balakrishnan B Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451, Saudi - - 2014
Carvacrol (2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)-phenol) is a predominant monoterpenic phenol which occurs in many essential oils of the family Labiatae including Origanum, Satureja, Thymbra, Thymus, and Corydothymus species. It is well known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antitumor activities. The present study investigates the influence of carvacrol on CYP2E1 and PPAR-α on D-Galactosamine ...
Wang Xingguo X Department of Life Science and Technology, Changshu Institute of Technology, Changshu, P R China; College of Animal Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, P R - - 2014
Growth hormone (GH) is a key regulatory factor in animal growth, development and metabolism. Based on the expression level of the GH receptor, the chicken liver is a major target organ of GH, but the biological effects of GH on the chicken liver are not fully understood. In this work ...
Dietz Karl-Josef - - 2013
Significance: The redox regulatory signalling network of the plant cell controls and co-regulates transcriptional activities and thereby enables adjustment of metabolism and development in response to environmental cues including abiotic stress. Recent Advances: Our rapidly expanding knowledge on redox regulation of plant transcription is driven by methodological advancements such as ...
Gao Min-Jie - - 2013
Effective expression of porcine interferon-α (pIFN-α) with recombinant Pichia pastoris was conducted in a bench-scale fermentor using an in situ methanol electrode-based feeding process with the control level of methanol concentration linearly increased to 10 g l(-1) for the first 20 h and maintained at 10 g l(-1) for the rest of expression phase. With ...
Sulaiman Pyroja P Department of Neuroscience, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2013
Kir2.4, a strongly rectifying potassium channel that is localized to neurons and is especially abundant in retina, was fished with yeast two-hybrid screen using a constitutively active Gαo1. Here, we wished to determine whether and how Gαo affects this channel. Using transfected HEK 293 cells and retinal tissue, we showed ...
Huber Carola - - 2013
Non-coding RNAs are additional players in regulating gene expression. Targeted in ovo electroporation of specific areas provides a unique tool for spatial and temporal control of ectopic microRNA expression. However, ventral brain structures like ventral midbrain are rather difficult to reach for any manipulations. Here, we demonstrate an efficient way ...
Romagnoli Cecilia - - 2012
This study carries out in human osteoblast-like SaOS-2 cells a comprehensive analysis of glutathione ((1) GSH) redox system during osteogenic differentiation. For the first time a clear relationship between the expression of specific factors involved in bone remodelling and the changes of GSH/ oxidized GSH (GSSG) redox couple induced during ...
Shen Xuhua - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Adiponectin receptors play an important role in inflammatory diseases like diabetes and atherosclerosis. Former studies revealed that the regulation of Adiponectin receptors expression differs in the receptor responses to pioglitazone. However, expression of AdipoRs has not been investigated in the coronary arteries or the coronary vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs). ...
Cirillo Plinio - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Adipocytes are nowadays recognized as cells able to produce and secrete a large variety of active substances with direct effects on vascular cells, known as adipokines. Visfatin is a recently identified adipokine not yet completely characterized for its pathophysiological role in cardiovascular disease. Increased levels of visfatin are measurable ...
Amoli Mahsa M - - 2012
To assess the expression of vascular endothelium growth factor (VEGF) mRNA in unstimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with and without coronary artery disease (CAD). We also studied whether the functional VEGF -2578*C/A polymorphism may influence the level of VEGF mRNA expression in individuals undergoing coronary angiography because chest ...
Motterle Anna A Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2012
Variation on chromosome 9p21 is associated with risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). This genomic region contains the CDKN2A and CDKN2B genes which encode the cell cycle regulators p16(INK4a), p14(ARF) and p15(INK4b) and the ANRIL gene which encodes a non-coding RNA. Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation plays an important ...
Ikonomidis Ignatios - - 2012
BackgroundArterial stiffness and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) constitute validated cardiovascular prognostic markers. Adiponectin and its receptors 1 (AdipoR1) and 2 (AdipoR2) are involved in coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated whether AdipoR1 and R2 mRNA and protein expression are associated with arterial stiffness, IMT and extent of coronary atherosclerosis.MethodsWe studied ...
Harun Nor Omaima - - 2011
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a multifaceted cytokine that is produced by and effects a variety of cell populations, including macrophages, T, B and NK cells. The gene encoding for IL-10 has been isolated in mammals, birds, amphibians and recently in fish, with only single copy identified in each species. We report ...
Wenger Michael - - 2011
Research on the endocrine role of estrogens has focused on the reproductive system, while other potential target systems have been less studied. Here, we investigated the possible immunomodulating role of 17β-estradiol (E2) using rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) as a model. The aims of the study were to examine a) whether ...
Monte Milena M - - 2011
This report describes the cloning and characterisation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) interleukin (IL)-22, and presents studies of the functional activity of its recombinant protein for the first time in a non-mammalian species. The predicted IL-22 coding region consists of 522 nucleotides which translates into a 173 amino acid protein, ...
Chu W Y - - 2011
Three full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) clones were isolated encoding the skeletal myosin light chain 1 (MLC1; 1237 bp), myosin light chain 2 (MLC2; 1206 bp) and myosin light chain 3 (MLC3; 1079 bp) from the fast white muscle cDNA library of mandarin fish Siniperca chuatsi. The sequence analysis indicated that ...
Kikuchi Kazu K Department of Cell Biology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2011
Zebrafish heart regeneration occurs through the activation of cardiomyocyte proliferation in areas of trauma. Here, we show that within 3 hr of ventricular injury, the entire endocardium undergoes morphological changes and induces expression of the retinoic acid (RA)-synthesizing enzyme raldh2. By one day posttrauma, raldh2 expression becomes localized to endocardial cells ...
McGinnis Courtney L - - 2011
Tributyltin (TBT), an antifouling agent, has been implicated in the masculinization of fish species worldwide, but the masculinizing mechanism is not fully understood. We have examined the actions of TBT as an endocrine disruptor in zebrafish (Danio rerio). In HeLa cells transiently co-transfected with plasmid constructs containing the zebrafish estrogen ...
Wei You Chuan - - 2011
The two Toll-like receptors, TLR1 and TLR2 were cloned from orange-spotted grouper, Epinephelus coioides, an important teleost fish in mariculture of Asia. The cDNA sequences of TLR1 and TLR2 are 3195 and 3439bp long, with an open reading frame (ORF) of 2406 and 2466bp, encoding 801 and 821 amino acids, ...
Genz Janet - - 2011
The ability to transition from freshwater to seawater environments is an intrinsic requirement of the life history of some fish species, including the anadromous rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). The differences between hyper- and hypoosmoregulation are developed quickly (in hours to days), and at all scales, from gene expression to organ ...
Tipsmark Christian Kølbæk - - 2011
We identified and investigated the changes in two expressed gill Na+,K+-ATPase α-subunit isoforms (α -1a and α-1b) in relation to salinity acclimation in a cichlid fish, Mozambique tilapia. Transfer of freshwater (FW)-acclimated fish to seawater (SW) resulted in a marked reduction in α-1a expression within 24 h and a significant ...
Espinet B - - 2011
FOXP1 protein is expressed in normal activated B cells and overexpressed in a subset of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, including primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphomas (PCLBCL), leg type. High expression of FOXP1 has been associated to an unfavourable prognosis with independent survival significance. However, little is known regarding the mechanisms ...
Kiilerich Pia - - 2011
The role of cortisol as the only corticosteroid in fish osmoregulation has recently been challenged with the discovery of a mineralocorticoid-like hormone, 11-deoxycorticosterone (DOC) and necessitates new studies of the endocrinology of osmoregulation in fish. Using an in vitro gill explant incubation approach, DOC-mediated regulation of selected osmoregulatory target genes ...
Gillis J Andrew - - 2011
Chondrichthyans possess endoskeletal appendages called branchial rays that extend laterally from their hyoid and gill-bearing (branchial) arches. Branchial ray outgrowth, like tetrapod limb outgrowth, is maintained by Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling. In limbs, distal endoskeletal elements fail to form in the absence of normal Shh signaling, whereas shortened duration of ...
Lécuyer Eric - - 2011
Tissue-specific gene expression is a major determinant in the elaboration of cells with distinctive phenotypes and functions, which is crucial for the development and homeostasis of multicellular organisms. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is a powerful method for assessing the expression and localization properties of RNA at subcellular resolution in ...
Yan Benedict - - 2011
The clinicopathologic features of the first case of a thymoma with a strong nuclear expression of thyroid transcription factor-1 are reported. The thymoma was classified as type AB according to the WHO-system. No definitive correlation between the different histologic patterns or neoplastic cell types and thyroid transcription factor-1 expression was ...
Martín-Ezquerra Gemma - - 2011
CKS1B is a member of the highly conserved cyclin kinase subunit 1 (CKS1) protein family which interacts with cyclin-dependent kinases and plays a critical role in cell cycle progression. In oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), as in other malignancies, CKS1B overexpression has been correlated with reduced survival. To our knowledge, ...
Lauter Gilbert - - 2011
In recent years, mapping of overlapping and abutting regulatory gene expression domains by chromogenic two-color in situ hybridization has helped define molecular subdivisions of the developing vertebrate brain and shed light on its basic organization. Despite the benefits of this technique, visualization of overlapping transcript distributions by differently colored precipitates ...
Lam Freda Wai-San - - 2010
The tumour necrosis factor (TNF) super-family is a group of important cytokines involved in inflammation, apoptosis, cell proliferation, and the general stimulation of the immune system. The TNF gene has been cloned in some bony fish; however, its counterparts are still unidentified in the majority of fish species. In this ...
Gao Feng-Ying - - 2010
Growth hormone plays important roles in various physiological processes such as growth, metabolism, and reproduction. In this study, two cDNAs encoding growth hormone receptor (GHR) were isolated from the liver of zanzibar tilapia (Oreochromis hornornum). The two cDNAs were 2,831 and 2,044 bp in length and named GHR1 and GHR2, respectively. ...
Johansen Ida B - - 2010
In rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), selection for divergent post-stress plasma cortisol levels has yielded low (LR)- and high (HR) responsive lines, differing in behavioural and physiological aspects of stress coping. For instance, LR fish display prolonged retention of a fear response and of previously learnt routines, compared to HR fish. ...
Whang Ilson - - 2010
Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is a universal adaptor protein able to activate nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) through interactions with interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R) and the Toll-like receptors (TLRs), with the exception of TLR3. Here, we describe the identification of MyD88 from the rock bream fish Oplegnathus fasciatus and its characterization ...
Morari Elaine Cristina - - 2010
Our purpose was to evaluate MUC1 clinical utility in the diagnosis and prognosis of thyroid cancer patients. We studied the protein expression of MUC1 in 289 thyroid carcinomas and 121 noncancerous thyroid nodules. There were 41 follicular carcinomas (FC) and 248 papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) including 149 classic (CPTC), 20 ...
Le Page Yann Y Neurogenesis And Oestrogens, UMR CNRS 6026, IFR 140, Université de Rennes 1, Rennes, - - 2010
In contrast to mammals, teleost fish have a very labile genetic sex determination. Sex differentiation is influenced by a combination of hormonal, social and environmental factors and teleost fishes exhibit many examples of hermaphroditism. This means that the brain of fish is not irreversibly sexualized early in life. This review ...
Kitano Jun J Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578, Japan. - - 2010
During adaptive radiations, animals colonize diverse environments, which requires adaptation in multiple phenotypic traits. Because hormones mediate the dynamic regulation of suites of phenotypic traits, evolutionary changes in hormonal signaling pathways might contribute to adaptation to new environments. Here we report changes in the thyroid hormone signaling pathway in stream-resident ...
Backström Tobias - - 2011
The aim for this study was to examine whether the F4 generation of two strains of rainbow trout divergent in their plasma cortisol response to confinement stress (HR: high responder or LR: low responder) would also differ in stress-induced effects on forebrain concentrations of mRNA for corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), arginine ...
Yang Ming - - 2011
There are more diversified isoforms of the hepcidin gene that exist in fishes than in mammals, and elucidating the differences between these isoforms should provide insight into the functioning of hepcidin in fishes. In our study, AS-hepc2 and AS-hepc6 hepcidin isoforms from black porgy were characterized for their in vivo ...
Gözü Hülya Ilıksu - - 2010
This study aimed to analyze both the level and the cell site of the sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) protein expression in autonomously functioning thyroid nodules (AFTNs) and extranodular thyroid tissues. In addition, this study sought to compare the clinical results of patients with the levels of human NIS (hNIS) protein expression. ...
Aluru Neelakanteswar - - 2011
Atlantic killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) inhabiting the PCB-contaminated Superfund site in New Bedford Harbor (MA, USA) have evolved genetic resistance to the toxic effects of these compounds. They also lack induction of cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) and other aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR)-dependent responses after exposure to AHR agonists, suggesting an overall down-regulation ...
McCarty Samantha K - - 2010
p21-activated kinases (PAKs) are a family of serine/threonine kinases that regulate cytoskeletal dynamics and cell motility. PAKs are subdivided into group I (PAKs 1-3) and group II (PAKs 4-6) on the basis of structural and functional characteristics. Based on prior gene expression data that predicted enhanced PAK signaling in the ...
Belguith-Maalej Salima - - 2011
The PDS gene (SLC26A4) is responsible for Pendred syndrome (PS). Genetic analysis of PDS using Tunisian samples showed evidence for linkage and association with autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) emergence. In addition, the PDS gene product, pendrin, was recently identified as a novel autoantigen in Graves' disease (GD) or Hashimoto thyroiditis ...
Malik Ihtzaz Ahmed - - 2010
Non-thyroidal illness is characterized by low tri-iodothyronine (T3) serum level under acute-phase conditions. We studied hepatic gene expression of the newly identified thyroid hormone receptor (TR) cofactor DOR/TP53INP2 together with TRs in a rat model of aseptic abscesses induced by injecting intramuscular turpentine-oil into each hind limb. A fast (4-6 ...
El-Abdallah Abir A - - 2011
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is common in Kuwait. The activation of the RET oncogene by DNA rearrangement (RET/PTC) is known to have an important role in PTC carcinogenesis. However, the real frequency of the RET/PTC expression in PTC is variable between different studies. This study seeks to determine the prevalence ...
Milas Mira - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Since thyroglobulin, no new blood tests for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) have been introduced into routine clinical practice. In initial studies, the detection of circulating DTC cells by thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) mRNA measurement distinguished benign from malignant thyroid diseases. This prospective validation study tests the ability of TSHR mRNA ...
Sponziello M L - - 2011
Levothyroxine (L-T4)-based suppression of thyrotropin (TSH) secretion is widely used to prevent the growth of benign thyroid nodules, although the effectiveness of this approach has been demonstrated only in a subset of patients. In this study, we analyzed the in vivo effects of L-T4-mediated TSH suppression on elements of insulin/IGF-1-dependent ...
Grommen S V H - - 2011
The last trimester of the embryonic life of chickens is marked by a steady increase in circulating thyroxine (T(4)) levels, reaching a maximum around hatching. We have measured thyroidal mRNA expression levels of several genes involved in the biosynthesis of T(4), namely sodium/iodine symporter (NIS), thyroglobulin (Tg), thyroid peroxidase (TPO), ...
Guigon Celine J - - 2010
The abundance of β-catenin, which plays a critical role in oncogenesis, is tightly controlled by proteasomal pathways. Its aberrant accumulation is associated with the overactivation of its oncogenic signaling and tumorigenesis in cancers, including thyroid cancer. Our previous studies have suggested that β-catenin abundance could also be regulated at the ...
Burk O - - 2010
The impact of thyroid dysfunction on the regulation, expression, and function of ABCB1 remains unclear. We therefore investigated ABCB1 mRNA expression and function in patients with thyroid dysfunction and studied the disposition of the ABCB1 substrate digoxin before and after treatment for thyroid disease. In patients with hypothyroidism, normalization of ...
Moeller L C - - 2011
Thyroid hormone (TH) mediated changes in gene expression were thought to be primarily initiated by the nuclear TH receptor (TR) binding to a thyroid hormone response element in the promoter of target genes. A recently described extranuclear mechanism of TH action consists of the association of TH-liganded TRβ with phosphatidylinositol ...
Lado-Abeal J - - 2010
AIM: Non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) is related to changes in thyroid hormone (TH) physiology. Skeletal muscle (SM) plays a major role in metabolism, and TH regulates SM phenotype and metabolism. We aimed to characterize the SM of non-septic shock NTIS patients in terms of: i) expression of genes and proteins ...
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