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Mitsui Taichi T Department of Biological Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Okayama University of - - 2014
Seven new cassane-type diterpenoids, echinalides A-G (1-7), were isolated from the stem of Caesalpinia echinata LAM. (Leguminosae). The structures were established on the basis of their chemical properties and spectroscopic evidence, including two dimensional (2D)-NMR analysis. These compounds were assessed for inhibitory activity against nuclear factor κB (NF-κB). Echinalides C ...
Michielse C B - - 2013
Nitrogen metabolite repression (NMR) in filamentous fungi is controlled by the GATA transcription factors AreA and AreB. While AreA mainly acts as a positive regulator of NMR-sensitive genes, the role of AreB is not well understood. We report the characterization of AreB and its interplay with AreA in the gibberellin-producing ...
Lu Jie - - 2013
There is now unequivocal evidence that the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2(ACE2)-Ang-(1-7)-Mas axis is a key component of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) cascade, which is closely correlated with ischemic insult occurrence. Our previous studies demonstrated that the Ang-(1-7), was an active member of the brain RAS. However, the ACE2-Ang-(1-7)-Mas axis expression after ...
Charoonratanaa Tossaton T Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112, - - 2013
Metabolite profiles of Mitragyna speciosa were determined by means of 1H NMR-based and HPLC-based analyses. The results indicated that high contents of secologanin, caffeic acid, gallic acid, epigallocatechin, and mitragynine were accumulated in leaves. In M. speciosa, feedings of tryptamine, tryptophan, phenylalanine or tyrosine significantly increased the mitragynine contents. Feedings ...
Kızılsavaş Gönül - - 2012
The oncogenic transcription factor Myc is one of the most interesting members of the basic-helix-loop-helix-zipper (bHLHZip) protein family. Deregulation of Myc via gene amplification, chromosomal translocation or other mechanisms lead to tumorigenesis including Burkitt lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and many other malignancies. The oncogene myc is a highly potent transforming gene ...
FitzGerald Liesel M LM Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109, - - 2013
Two genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified the β-microseminoprotein (MSMB) promoter SNP, rs10993994:C>T, as significantly associated with prostate cancer (PC) risk. Follow-up studies demonstrate that the variant allele directly affects expression of the MSMB-encoded protein, PSP94, and also suggest that it affects mRNA expression levels of an adjacent gene, NCOA4, which ...
Ding G X - - 2012
Cyclin D1 is an important cell cycle regulatory proteins, which is a functional target of Slug in the regulation of cell growth of prostate cancer cells. But the pathway of these two factors interacting with each other is unclear. The infectde PCa Cells were treated with proteasome inhibitor MG-132. Expression ...
Shiota Masaki - - 2012
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and induces clusterin (CLU) expression, linking these genes to cancer metastasis. CLU is a pleiotropic molecular chaperone that confers survival and proliferative advantage to cancer cells. However, the molecular mechanisms by which TGF-β regulates CLU expression and CLU affects metastasis remain unknown. ...
Baylot Virginie V Inserm, UMR1068, Molecular Oncology Department, Marseille Cancerology Research Center, CRCM, Marseille, - - 2012
Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is highly overexpressed in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and an antisense inhibitor (OGX-427) is currently in phase II clinical trials. In order to understand mechanisms of action of Hsp27 and find new therapeutic targets specific of CRPC, we screened for Hsp27 client proteins. Here, we ...
Mitani Takakazu - - 2012
The androgen receptor (AR) acts as a ligand-dependent transcriptional factor and plays a critical role in the development and progression of androgen-dependent and castration-resistant prostate cancer. Castration results in hypoxia in prostate cancer cells, and hypoxia enhances transcriptional activity of AR through hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α at low serum androgen levels ...
Chang Szu-Wei - - 2012
Damaged DNA-binding protein 2 (DDB2), a protein that binds damaged DNA, is a DDB1 and CUL4-associated factor. This study is the first to demonstrate that DDB2 is a novel androgen receptor (AR)-interacting protein; and mediating contact with AR and CUL4A-DDB1 complex for AR ubiquitination/degradation. DNA damage induces both p53 and ...
Moiola Cristian - - 2012
Chromosomal instability is a key feature in cancer progression. Recently we have reported that BRCA1 regulates the transcription of several genes in prostate cancer, including ATM (ataxia telangiectasia mutated). Although it is well accepted that ATM is a pivotal mediator in genotoxic stress, it is unknown whether ATM transcription is ...
Nicolay Nils H NH Cancer Research UK-Medical Research Council Gray Institute for Radiation Oncology and Biology, Oncology Department, Old Road Campus Research Building, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7DQ, - - 2012
DNA polymerase eta (pol η) is the only DNA polymerase causally linked to carcinogenesis in humans. Inherited deficiency of pol η in the variant form of xeroderma pigmentosum (XPV) predisposes to UV-light-induced skin cancer. Pol η-deficient cells demonstrate increased sensitivity to cisplatin and oxaliplatin chemotherapy. We have found that XP30R0 ...
Shidaifat Falah - - 2012
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of testosterone treatment on the proliferation index and the mRNA expression levels of 5α-reductase, CYP7B1, androgen receptor (AR), and estrogen receptor β (ΕRβ) in the canine prostate. MAIN METHODS: Immature dogs were treated with testosterone for one month, after ...
Li Yiwei - - 2012
The epigenetic regulation of genes has long been recognized as one of the causes of prostate cancer (PCa) development and progression. Recent studies have shown that a number of microRNAs (miRNAs) are also epigenetically regulated in different types of cancers including PCa. In this study, we found that the DNA ...
Zou Zhipeng - - 2012
Although protein kinase D3 (PKD3) has been shown to contribute to prostate cancer cell growth and survival, the role of PKD in prostate cancer cell motility remains unclear. Here, we show that PKD2 and PKD3 promote nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) signaling and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) expression/activation, which are critical to ...
Amatangelo Michael D - - 2012
Understanding the initial mechanisms by which epithelial cells transform to an invasive phenotype is critical to the development of diagnostics that can identify the metastatic potential of cancers as well as therapeutic agents that can prevent metastases. Changes in cellular response to the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) cytokine are known ...
Bennett Nigel Colin - - 2012
Malignant prostate cancer (PCa) is usually treated with androgen deprivation therapies (ADTs). Recurrent PCa is resistant to ADT. This research investigated whether PCa can potentially produce androgens de novo, making them androgen self-sufficient. Steroidogenic enzymes required for androgen synthesis from cholesterol (CYP11A1, CYP17A1, HSD3β, HSD17β3) were investigated in human primary ...
Inuzuka Hiroyuki - - 2012
Aberrant Skp2 signaling has been implicated as a driving event in tumorigenesis. Although the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive, cytoplasmic Skp2 correlates with more aggressive forms of breast and prostate cancers. Here, we report that Skp2 is acetylated by p300 at K68 and K71, which is a process that can ...
Parra Eduardo - - 2012
Previous studies have shown that c-Jun-N-terminal kinase-1 (JNK-1) is involved in the transformation of primary fibroblasts and plays a role in tumor cell growth. A number of observations suggest that JNK-1 is a growth promoting factor in prostate cancer cells and blocking its function may induce apoptosis. To test this ...
Vincent Bryce - - 2012
Astrogliosis is induced by neuronal damage and is also a pathological feature of the major aging-related neurodegenerative disorders. The mechanisms that control the cascade of astrogliosis have not been well established. In a previous study, we identified a novel androgen receptor (AR)-interacting protein, p44/WDR77, that plays a critical role in ...
Kim Kyounghyun - - 2012
Androgen-insensitive DU145 and PC3 human prostate cancer cells express high levels of specificity protein (Sp) transcription factors Sp1, Sp3, and Sp4, and treatment of cells with methyl 2-cyano-3,11-dioxo-18β-olean-1,12-dien-30-oate (CDODA-Me) inhibited cell growth and downregulated Sp1, Sp3, and Sp4 expression. CDODA-Me (15 mg/kg/d) was a potent inhibitor of tumor growth in ...
Nakajima Saori - - 2012
Although seeds are a sink organ, chlorophyll synthesis and degradation occurs during embryogenesis and in a manner similar to that observed in photosynthetic leaves. Some mutants retain chlorophyll after seed maturation, and they are disturbed in seed storability. To elucidate the effects of chlorophyll retention on the seed storability of ...
Wu Kaijie - - 2012
Prostate cancer (PCa) becomes lethal when cancer cells develop into castration-resistant PCa (CRPC). Androgen receptor (AR) gene mutation, altered AR regulation, or overexpression of AR often found in CRPC is believed to become one of the key factors to the lethal phenotype. Here we identify Slug, a member of the ...
Soni Abha - - 2012
The genes involved in androgen pathway and metabolism have been reported to contribute considerably to prostate carcinoma (CaP) risk. The present study investigated the association of androgen receptor (AR), prostate-specific antigen (PSA or KLK3), and cytochrome P450 (CYP19) gene polymorphisms in CaP (n=105) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) (n=120) in ...
Patel Mitesh - - 2012
Nutrient transporters expressed on cell membrane have been targeted for enhancing bioavailability of poorly permeable drugs. Sodium dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT) is once such carrier system, utilized for improving drug targeting to specific tissues. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to characterize SMVT in human derived prostate cancer ...
Al-Maghrebi May - - 2012
AIM: To determine whether the measurement of tissue mRNA levels of AMACR and survivin has a role in distinguishing prostate cancer (PCa) from benign lesions and high risk from low-risk PCa in men with suspected PCa. METHODS: TRUS prostate biopsies from 170 patients with suspected PCa were used to measure ...
Hu Rong R Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2012
Continued androgen receptor (AR) signaling is an established mechanism underlying castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), and suppression of androgen receptor signaling remains a therapeutic goal of CRPC therapy. Constitutively active androgen receptor splice variants (AR-Vs) lack the androgen receptor ligand-binding domain (AR-LBD), the intended target of androgen deprivation therapies including CRPC ...
Godoy Alejandro S - - 2012
Androgen receptor (AR) is required for the development and progression of prostate cancer (CaP) from androgen-dependence to androgen-resistance. Both corepressors and coactivators regulate AR-mediated transcriptional activity, and aberrant expression or activity due to mutation(s) contributes to changes in AR function in the progression to androgen resistance acquired during hormonal ablation ...
Li Tao - - 2012
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Recent studies have indicated that high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is related to the development and progression of human carcinomas. However, further studies were required to confirm the roles played by HMGB1 in clinical prostate cancer treatment. We ...
Karacosta Loukia G - - 2012
The androgen receptor (AR) plays a critical role in prostate cancer (PCa) progression, however, the molecular mechanisms by which the AR regulates cell proliferation in androgen-dependent and castration-resistant PCa are incompletely understood. We report that Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent kinase kinase 2 (CaMKK2) expression increases and becomes nuclear or perinuclear in advanced PCa. ...
Yang Ping P UC Davis Cancer Center/Basic Sciences, University of California at Davis, Sacramento, California, - - 2012
Constitutive NF-κB activation by proinflammatory cytokines plays a major role in cancer progression. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. We report here that histone methyltransferase NSD2 (also known as MMSET or WHSC1), a target of bromodomain protein ANCCA/ATAD2, acts as a strong coactivator of NF-κB by directly interacting with ...
Caliendo Giuseppe - - 2012
Kallikrein-related peptidases (known as KLKs) constitute a single family of 15 secreted, highly conserved serine proteases with tryptic or chymotryptic activity. KLKs share a wide range of expression in different tissues; examples of KLK co-expression, are certain groups expressed in the prostate (KLKs 2-4, 11, and 15), skin (KLKs 1, ...
Ahlqvist K - - 2012
B-cell leukemia 3 (Bcl-3) is a member of the inhibitor of κB family, which regulates a wide range of biological processes by functioning as a transcriptional activator or as a repressor of target genes. As high levels of Bcl-3 expression and activation have been detected in different types of human ...
Guseva Natalya V - - 2012
Mutual regulation of expression between p53 and AR has been reported. To further investigate the role of p53 in the regulation of AR expression, an ARE-Luciferase vector was inserted into LNCaP and into LNCaP-sip53 transfectants, and AR activity was quantitatively estimated after treatment with proteasome inhibitors. LNCaP expresses a mutated ...
Shima Takashi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Conversion into androgen-hypersensitive state and adaptation to the low concentration of androgen during ADT cause relapse of prostate cancer (PCa). It is important to identify differentially expressed genes between PCa and normal prostate tissues and to reveal the function of these genes that are involved in progression of PCa. ...
Budd William T - - 2012
microRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs shown to contribute to a number of cellular processes including cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. MiRNAs regulate gene expression of their targets post-transcriptionally by binding to messenger RNA (mRNA), causing translational inhibition or mRNA degradation. Dysregulation of miRNA expression can promote cancer formation and progression. ...
Staršíchová Andrea - - 2012
Crosstalk between the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) signaling has been observed in various experimental models. However, both molecular mechanism underlying this crosstalk and tissue-specific context of this interaction are still only partially understood. In a model of human non-tumorigenic prostate epithelial cells BPH-1, derived from ...
Chan Siu Chiu - - 2012
Synthesis of truncated androgen receptor (AR) splice variants has emerged as an important mechanism of prostate cancer (PCa) resistance to AR-targeted therapy and progression to a lethal castration-resistant phenotype. However, the precise role of these factors at this stage of the disease is not clear due to loss of multiple ...
Mishra Anjali - - 2012
The receptor tyrosine kinase Axl is overexpressed in a variety of cancers and is known to play a role in proliferation and invasion. Previous data from our laboratory indicate that Axl and its ligand growth arrest-specific 6 (GAS6) may play a role in establishing metastatic dormancy in the bone marrow ...
Sabaliauskaite Rasa - - 2012
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a heterogeneous disease with diverse clinical outcomes. TMPRSS2-ERG is the most common gene fusion in PCa, whereas activation of telomerase is a common feature of various malignancies. The aim of our study was to explore the combined utility of these and some other biomarkers in predicting ...
Li Yirong - - 2012
The malignant transformation of human prostatic epithelium is associated with the loss of androgen receptor (AR) in the surrounding stroma. However, the function and mechanisms of AR signaling in prostate cancer (PCa) stroma remain elusive. Here we report, by using proteomics pathway array analysis (PPAA), that androgen and its receptor ...
Huang Ying - - 2012
Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) plays a pivotal role in maintaining cellular redox homeostasis and eliminating reactive toxic species. Nrf2 is epigenetically suppressed due to CpG hypermethylation in prostate tumors from the transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) model. We previously showed that dietary feeding of a γ-tocopherol-rich ...
Lü Lei - - 2012
Aim:To investigate the mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of gambogic acid (GA) on TNF-α-induced metastasis of human prostate cancer PC3 cells in vitro.Methods:TNF-α-mediated migration and invasion of PC3 cells was examined using migration and invasion assays, respectively. NF-κB transcriptional activity and nuclear translocation were analyzed with luciferase reporter gene assays, ...
Ahmed Syed Feroj - - 2012
The tumor suppressor, PTEN is key to the regulation of diverse cellular processes, making it a prime candidate to be tightly regulated. The PTEN level is controlled in a major way by E3 ligase-mediated degradation through the Ubiquitin-Proteasome System (UPS). Nedd 4-1, XIAP, and WWP2 have been shown to maintain ...
Lazarevic Bato - - 2012
Nutritionally relevant levels of genistein, the predominant isoflavone in soyabean associated with lower risk of prostate cancer (PCa), may modulate the expression of prostate tissue biomarkers associated with cancer prediction and progression. A phase 2 placebo-controlled, randomised, double-blind clinical trial was conducted in forty-seven Norwegian patients before prostatectomy. Intervention was ...
Menschikowski Mario - - 2012
In carcinomas the expression of thrombomodulin (TM) is inversely correlated with tumour progression and metastasis. In the present study a decreased TM expression in human prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP, DU-145, and PC-3, in relation to normal prostate epithelial cells (PrEC) is shown. Sequencing and methylation-specific high resolution melting (MS-HRM) ...
Liu Y-N - - 2012
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a developmental program of signaling pathways that determine commitment to epithelial and mesenchymal phenotypes. In the prostate, EMT processes have been implicated in benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer progression. In a model of Pten- and TP53-null prostate adenocarcinoma that progresses via transforming growth factor β-induced ...
Stope Matthias B - - 2012
PURPOSE: Heat shock proteins (HSP) are involved in processes of folding, activation, trafficking and transcriptional activity of most steroid receptors including the androgen receptor (AR). Accumulating evidence links rising heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) levels with the development of castration-resistant prostate cancer. In order to study the functional relationship between ...
Xiao Jing - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Aberrant expressions of microRNAs, including upregulation of miR-141, are closely associated with the tumorigenesis of prostate cancer (PCa). The orphan receptor small heterodimer partner (Shp) is a co-repressor to androgen receptor (AR) and represses AR-regulated transcriptional activity. METHODS: Here, we investigated the correlation of Shp expression with the cellular ...
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