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Lee Jyu-Feng JF Department of Nursing, St. Mary's Medicine Nursing and Management College, Yilan County 266, - - 2014
Nanotitanium dioxide particle (nTiO2) inhalation has been reported to induce lung parenchymal injury. After inhalation of nTiO2, we monitored changes in 5-lipoxygenase, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA in rat lung tissue. Lung function parameters include specific airway resistance (SRaw), peak expiratory flow rate ...
Ruggeri Pierdomenico P Department of Applied Clinical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, - - 2014
The developmental and stress-regulated alternative TrkAIII splice variant of the NGF receptor TrkA is expressed by advanced stage human neuroblastomas (NBs), correlates with worse outcome in high TrkA expressing unfavourable tumours and exhibits oncogenic activity in NB models. In the present study, we report that constitutive TrkAIII expression in human ...
Mi Yuling - - 2013
The beneficial effects of quercetin on reproductive damage elicited by 4-nitrophenol (PNP) were studied in adult male mice. A six-week treatment of weekly intraperitoneal injections of PNP (50 mg/kg) resulted in severe damage to the seminiferous tubules, a remarkable increase in both hydroxyl radical and malondiadehyde production, and notably decreased ...
Chin Kok-Yong - - 2013
Osteoporosis is posing a tremendous healthcare problem globally. Much effort has been invested in finding novel antiosteoporotic agents to stop the progression of this disease. Tocotrienol, one of the isoforms of vitamin E, is poised as a potential antiosteoporotic agent. Previous studies showed that tocotrienol as a single isomer or ...
Senthil Kumar K J - - 2013
We investigated the protective effects of lucidone, a naturally occurring cyclopentenedione isolated from the fruits of Lindera erythrocarpa Makino, against free-radical and inflammation stimulator 2,2'-azobis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH)-induced oxidative stress in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells, with the aim of revealing the possible mechanisms underlying the protective efficacy. Lucidone pretreatment (0.5-10 ...
Zheng Xin - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant cancer worldwide characterized by high metastatic potential and poor prognosis following radical resection. Metastasin is a Ca2+-binding protein associated with tumor metastasis. However, the expression and function of metastasin remain unknown. In the present study, we found that the expression of metastasin was ...
Dynes Joseph L JL Reeve-Irvine Research Center, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, California 92697, - - 2012
Arc (aka Arg 3.1) is induced by neural activity and learning experience. Arc mRNA is rapidly exported into dendrites where it localizes near activated synapses. By imaging green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged mRNA in living neurons in culture, we show that fusion transcripts containing the Arc 30'UTR (untranslated region) localize with ...
Bagnis A - - 2012
The purpose of this work was to investigate the expression of glutamine synthase (GS), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione transferase (GST) in the aqueous humor of patients with primary open angle glaucoma and controls. Aqueous humor proteome was analyzed by antibody microarray. The expression of tested ...
Endo Yukinori - - 2012
Neural crest cells are a transient stem cell-like population appearing during vertebrate embryonic development. Generation of the cranial neural crest is known to require a balanced combination of FGF and BMP levels. However, it is poorly understood how the functions of such growth factors are controlled in the extracellular space. ...
Liu Qi-Cai - - 2012
Skeletal muscle differentiation is mediated by a complex gene expression program requiring both the muscle-specific transcription factor Myogenin (Myog) and p38α MAPK (p38α) signaling. However, the relative contribution of Myog and p38α to the formation of mature myotubes remains unknown. Here we have uncoupled the activity of Myog from that ...
Silva-Rocha Rafael - - 2012
The expression dynamics of the catabolic promoters of the TOL plasmid pWW0 has been examined in single cells of Pseudomonas putida mt-2 exposed to m-xylene. To this end, we employed an á la carte bi-cistronic gfp-lacZ reporter system for generating monocopy transcriptional fusions to each of the four promoters (Pr, ...
Alvarez-Martin Pablo - - 2012
This work reports on the identification and molecular characterization of a two-component regulatory system (2CRS), encoded by serRK, which is believed to control the expression of the ser(2003) locus in Bifidobacterium breve UCC2003. The ser(2003) locus consists of two genes, Bbr_1319 (sagA) and Bbr_1320 (serU), which are predicted to encode ...
Sohn Wern-Joo - - 2012
Palatal development is one of the critical events in craniofacial morphogenesis. During fusion of the palatal shelves, removal of the midline epithelial seam (MES) is a fundamental process for achieving proper morphogenesis of the palate. The reported mechanisms for removing the MES are the processes of apoptosis, migration or general ...
Sastre-Serra Jorge - - 2012
Mitochondrial dynamics, specifically fusion and fission processes, maintain mitochondria integrity and function, yet at this time, effect of estrogens on fusion and fission in breast cancer cell lines has not been studied. The aim of this study was characterize the effect of 17β-estradiol on fusion and fission-related genes, as well ...
Wang Rui - - 2012
Approximately 3% to 7% of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) harbor an ALK fusion gene, thus defining a tumor group that may be responsive to targeted therapy. The breakpoint in ALK consistently occurs at exon 20 and EML4 or other fusion partners, thus driving a strong expression of ALK kinase ...
Williams Terri - - 2012
Repeated body segments are a key feature of arthropods. The formation of body segments occurs via distinct developmental pathways within different arthropod clades. Although some species form their segments simultaneously without any accompanying measurable growth, most arthropods add segments sequentially from the posterior of the growing embryo or larva. The ...
Hernandez-Eligio Alberto - - 2012
In Azotobacter vinelandii the two-component GacS/GacA system is required for synthesis of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and of the exopolysaccharide alginate. The RsmA protein was shown to interact with the alginate biosynthetic algD mRNA acting as a translational repressor and GacA was found to activate transcription of rsmZ1 and rsmZ2 genes encoding ...
Papke Jason B - - 2012
Synaptotagmin (syt) I is a Ca(2+) sensor that has been thought to trigger all vesicle secretion with similar mechanisms. However, given the calcium and stimulation requirements of small clear, and large dense core vesicles, we hypothesized that syt I expression differentially regulates vesicle release. Therefore, in this study, we generated ...
Paschos Kostas - - 2012
Detailed analyses of the chromatin around the BIM promoter has revealed that latent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) triggers the recruitment of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) core subunits and the trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27me3) at this locus. The recruitment is absolutely dependent on nuclear proteins EBNA3A and EBNA3C; ...
Barad Omer - - 2012
Primary microRNA cleavage by the Drosha-Dgcr8 'Microprocessor' complex is critical for microRNA biogenesis. Yet, the Microprocessor may also cleave other nuclear RNAs in a nonspecific manner. We studied Microprocessor function using mathematical modeling and experiments in mouse and human tissues. We found that the autoregulatory feedback on Microprocessor expression is ...
Tan Chye Ling CL Papillomavirus Regulation and Cancer, Institute of Medical Biology, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Biopolis, Singapore, - - 2012
The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) E4 is known to be synthesized as an E1^E4 fusion resulting from splice donor and acceptor sites conserved across HPV types. Here we demonstrate the existence of 2 HPV-18 E2^E4 transcripts resulting from 2 splice donor sites in the 5' part of E2, while the splice ...
Corcoran Colin P - - 2012
MicF is a textbook example of a small regulatory RNA (sRNA) that acts on a trans-encoded target mRNA through imperfect base pairing. Discovery of MicF as a post-transcriptional repressor of the major Escherichia coli porin OmpF established the paradigm for a meanwhile common mechanism of translational inhibition, through antisense sequestration ...
Sanchez-Ferras Oraly - - 2012
One of the earliest events in neural crest development takes place at the neural plate border and consists in the induction of Pax3 expression by posteriorizing Wnt·β-catenin signaling. The molecular mechanism of this regulation is not well understood, but several observations suggest a role for posteriorizing Cdx transcription factors (Cdx1/2/4) ...
Novakovic Dragana - - 2012
Background: Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is a basic carboxypeptidase zymogen encoded by the human gene CPB2. TAFI constitutes a molecular link between coagulation and fibrinolysis, and between coagulation and inflammation. The 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the human CPB2 mRNA plays a key role in regulating CPB2 mRNA abundance, but the exact ...
Tsugama Daisuke - - 2012
Abscisic acid is a stress-related phytohormone that has roles in dehydration and rehydration. In Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), two genes that inactivate abscisic acid, CYP707A1 and CYP707A3, are rapidly up-regulated upon rehydration. The factors that regulate CYP707A1/3 are not well characterized. We expressed a bZIP protein, VIP1, as a green fluorescent ...
Charytonowicz E - - 2012
Objective Alveolar rhabdomyosarcomas (ARMS) are characterised by a PAX3/7-FKHR translocation, which is presumed to promote a differentiation arrest in the myogenic lineage, in which setting secondary genetic events occur, resulting in sarcomagenesis. The aim of this study was to identify the mechanism by which PAX3/7-FKHR expression results in a myogenic ...
Qi Lei - - 2012
Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are versatile regulators in cellular networks. While most trans-acting ncRNAs possess well-defined mechanisms that can regulate transcription or translation, they generally lack the ability to directly sense cellular signals. In this work, we describe a set of design principles for fusing ncRNAs to RNA aptamers to engineer ...
Bizzoca Antonella - - 2012
The expression of the cell recognition molecule F3/Contactin (CNTN1) is generally associated with the functions of post-mitotic neurons. In the embryonic cortex, however, we find it expressed by proliferating ventricular zone (VZ) precursors. In contrast to previous findings in the developing cerebellum, F3/Contactin transgenic overexpression in the early cortical VZ ...
Biswas Indranil - - 2012
In Streptococcus mutans, the global response regulator CovR plays an important role in biofilm formation, stress tolerance response, and caries production. We have previously demonstrated that CovR activates a large gene cluster, which is a part of a genomic island, TnSmu2. In this article, we have further characterized CovR at ...
Dziembowska Magdalena - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), an extracellularly acting, Zn(2+)-dependent endopeptidase is a subject to complex regulation at the level of transcription, mRNA dendritic translocation, and local translation as well as protein activation, as it is released extracellularly in a latent, pro- form with the enzymatic site covered by a propetide that has ...
Pieper Mareike - - 2012
It is still controversial whether cranial placodes and neural crest cells arise from a common precursor at the neural plate border or whether placodes arise from non-neural ectoderm and neural crest from neural ectoderm. Using tissue grafting in embryos of Xenopus laevis, we show here that the competence for induction ...
Rudolf Anja - - 2012
Microtubules are necessary for fusion and elongation of vertebrate muscle cells. In Drosophila, several isoforms of β-Tubulin, the functional subunit of microtubules, are expressed in different tissues of the developing embryo, while solely the β3-Tubulin isoform is detected in large amounts during differentiation of the somatic and visceral musculature. Here ...
Agüero Tristán H - - 2012
Neural crest induction is the result of the combined action at the neural plate border of FGF, BMP, and Wnt signals from the neural plate, mesoderm and nonneural ectoderm. In this work we show that the expression of Indian hedgehog (Ihh, formerly named Banded hedgehog) and members of the Hedgehog ...
Rademacher Corinna - - 2012
The copper-regulated Rhodobacter capsulatus cutO (multicopper oxidase) gene confers copper tolerance and is carried in the tricistronic orf635-cutO-cutR operon. Transcription of cutO strictly depends on the promoter upstream of orf635, as demonstrated by lacZ reporter fusions to nested promoter fragments. Remarkably, orf635 expression was not affected by copper availability, whereas ...
Fujiki Atsushi - - 2012
We developed a real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay system for detecting the MOZ-CBP fusion transcript and used it to monitor minimal residual disease (MRD) status in a patient with therapy related acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) harboring t(8;16)(p11;p13). Expression of the MOZ-CBP fusion transcript was determined by ...
Vargas Amandine - - 2012
HERV (Human Endogenous Retrovirus)-encoded envelope proteins are implicated in the development of the placenta. Indeed, Syncytin-1 and -2 play a crucial role in the fusion of human trophoblasts, a key step in placentation. Other studies have identified two other HERV env proteins, namely EnvP(b) and EnvV, both expressed in the ...
Logez Christel - - 2012
When planning any heterologous expression experiment, the very first critical step is related to the design of the overall strategy, hence to the selection of the most adapted expression vector. The very flexible Pichia pastoris system offers a broad range of possibilities for the production of secreted, endogenous or membrane ...
Yim A P Y - - 2012
Introduction: Melatonin signaling pathway has been suggested to be one of the key etiopathogenic factors of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Our previous pilot study showed that melatonin receptor 1B (MTNR1B) was not detected in the osteoblast of some AIS girls which may be related to abnormal melatonin signaling. However, it ...
Gou Xing-Hua - - 2012
Bikunin is a proteoglycan exhibiting broad-spectrum inhibitory activity against serine proteases and could potentially suppress tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Here, we have successfully expressed recombinant human bikunin (rh-bikunin) in Pichia pastoris and also established the purification procedure. Different fusion genes of h-UTI and domain I, domain I and domain ...
Seaver Elaine C - - 2012
Annelids and arthropods each possess a segmented body. Whether this similarity represents an evolutionary convergence or inheritance from a common segmented ancestor is the subject of ongoing investigation. To investigate whether annelids and arthropods share molecular components that control segmentation, we isolated orthologs of the Drosophila melanogaster pair-rule genes, runt, ...
Elbakry M - - 2012
Aims: The aetiology of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is unknown. Prior work by Moreau et al has demonstrated that AIS patients have Gi protein signalling defect and high levels of circulating OPN. Our primary goal was to identify the mechanisms regulating the cellular response to OPN in AIS. Methods: We ...
Suzuki Kayo - - 2012
Liposarcomas are the most common class of soft tissue sarcomas, and myxoid liposarcoma is the second most common liposarcoma. EWSR1-DDIT3 is a chimeric fusion protein generated by the myxoid liposarcoma-specific chromosomal translocation t(12;22)(q13;q12). Current studies indicate that multipotent mesenchymal cells are the origin of sarcomas. The mechanism whereby EWSR1-DDIT3 contributes ...
Li Zejuan - - 2012
HOXA9 and MEIS1 have essential oncogenic roles in mixed lineage leukaemia (MLL)-rearranged leukaemia. Here we show that they are direct targets of miRNA-196b, a microRNA (miRNA) located adjacent to and co-expressed with HOXA9, in MLL-rearranged leukaemic cells. Forced expression of miR-196b significantly delays MLL-fusion-mediated leukemogenesis in primary bone marrow transplantation ...
Wang Zi-Sheng - - 2011
This study cloned the hemoglobin α1 from the marine teleost, the half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis), and then examined its expression under hypoxia exposure. The full-length of CsHb-α1 (594 bp) cDNA contains an open reading frame encoding 144 amino acids. Sequence analysis shows that the predicted CsHb-α1 amino acids shares ...
Faure Sandrine - - 2011
This review addresses the developmental roles of two GTPases of the Rho family, RhoV/Chp and RhoU/Wrch. These two GTPases form a distinct subfamily related to Rac and Cdc42 proteins and were detected in a screen for Rho members that are particularly expressed in the neural crest, an embryonic tissue peculiar ...
Chapman Timothy R - - 2012
Aging increases the likelihood of cognitive decline after negative life events such as infection or injury. We have modeled this increased vulnerability in aged (24-month-old), but otherwise unimpaired F344xBN rats. In these animals, but not in younger (3-month-old) counterparts, a single intraperitoneal injection of E. coli leads to specific deficits ...
Zhang Meng - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Drug-dependent people exhibit biases when evaluating discrete emotional facial expressions. Little is known about how drug abusers process multiple expressions presented simultaneously. The present study investigated the number perception of schematic emotional expressions by abstinent heroin abusers. METHODS: Eighty-four heroin abstainers with varied lengths of abstinence (short-term, ...
Out Carolien C Department of Pediatrics, Center for Liver, Digestive, and Metabolic Diseases, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. - - 2011
Liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1) is a nuclear receptor that controls a variety of metabolic pathways. In cultured cells, LRH-1 induces the expression of CYP7A1 and CYP8B1, key enzymes in bile salt synthesis. However, hepatic Cyp7a1 mRNA levels were not reduced upon hepatocyte-specific Lrh-1 deletion in mice. The reason for this ...
Zi Zhike - - 2011
Mammalian cells can decode the concentration of extracellular transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and transduce this cue into appropriate cell fate decisions. How variable TGF-β ligand doses quantitatively control intracellular signaling dynamics and how continuous ligand doses are translated into discontinuous cellular fate decisions remain poorly understood. Using a combined experimental ...
Chen Lihe - - 2011
The putative transcription factor AF17 upregulates the transcription of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) genes, but whether AF17 modulates sodium homeostasis and BP is unknown. Here, we generated Af17-deficient mice to determine whether deletion of Af17 leads to sodium wasting and low BP. Compared with wild-type mice, Af17-deficient mice had ...
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