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Liu Zhuo - - 2012
Crystal-cell interactions play a key role in the formation of kidney stones. Few studies have referred to the role of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) in kidney stone formation. Recently, a genome-wide analysis of genes related to kidney stone formation and eliminiation in mice indicated ...
Li Xihai - - 2012
Millimeter waves, high-frequency electromagnetic waves, can effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms in osteoarthritis patients, as a non-pharmaceutical and non-invasive physical therapy regimen. However, the molecular mechanisms of the therapeutic effects of millimeter wave treatment are not well understood. In the present study, the effect of millimeter waves on the G1/S ...
Xu Jingyue - - 2012
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway plays important roles in urinary tract development although the detailed regulation of its activity in this process remains unclear. Here we report that follistatin-like 1 (Fstl1), encoding a secreted extracellular glycoprotein, is expressed in developing ureter and antagonizes BMP signaling activity. Mouse embryos carrying ...
Keller Kate E - - 2011
Versican is a large proteoglycan with numerous chondroitin sulfate (CS) glycosaminoglycan (GAG) side chains attached. To assess versican's potential contributions to aqueous humor outflow resistance, its segmental distribution in the trabecular meshwork (TM) and the effect on outflow facility of silencing the versican gene were evaluated. Fluorescent quantum dots (Qdots) ...
Guan Yi - - 2011
Micro-RNAs (miRNAs) important for post-transcriptional gene expression as negative regulators are endogenous 21- to 23-nucleotide noncoding RNAs. Many miRNAs are expressed in ovarian cancer (OC). In this study, we reported that miR-125b was underexpressed in human OC specimens. Ectopic expression of miR-125b in OC cells induced cell cycle arrest and ...
Luna Coralia - - 2011
Cyclic mechanical stress (CMS) leads to alterations of cellular functions in the trabecular meshwork (TM), including the up-regulation of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFβ1), that can potentially contribute to the pathogenesis of glaucoma. Although microRNAs (miRNAs) are known to play important roles in many biological functions, little is known ...
Leeper Nicholas J NJ Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305, USA. - - 2011
Aberrant smooth muscle cell (SMC) plasticity has been implicated in a variety of vascular disorders including atherosclerosis, restenosis, and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation. While the pathways governing this process remain unclear, epigenetic regulation by specific microRNAs (miRNAs) has been demonstrated in SMCs. We hypothesized that additional miRNAs might play ...
Liu Ming - - 2011
miRNAs have emerged as post-transcriptional regulators that are critically involved in the pathogenesis of a number of human cancers. Cdc42, one of the best characterized members of the Rho GTPase family, is found to be up-regulated in several types of human tumors and has been implicated in cancer initiation and ...
Ghanim Husam - - 2011
High-fat, high-carbohydrate (HFHC) meals are known to induce oxidative and inflammatory stress, an increase in plasma endotoxin concentrations, and an increase in the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS-3). The intake of a nutritional supplement containing resveratrol and muscadine grape polyphenols reduces HFHC meal-induced oxidative and inflammatory stress and ...
Kim Yeon Jeong - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are single-stranded RNA molecules of 21-23 nucleotides in length that regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level. They may play important roles during osteogenic differentiation of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASC). In this chapter, we focus on the methods and strategies for elucidating miRNA function during osteogenic ...
Montgomery Rusty L - - 2011
In the last 10 years it has become increasingly clear that a large class of small noncoding RNAs, known as microRNAs (miRNAs) are potent and crucial regulators of important cellular processes such as differentiation, growth, and survival. miRNAs regulate gene expression through binding to 3' UTRs of target messenger RNAs ...
Winter Julia - - 2011
Aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) and processing defects in their biogenesis pathway are a widespread phenomenon in tumors, conveying great importance to the analysis of miRNA expression, regulation, and biogenesis to gain knowledge about their role in cancer. Besides Drosha and Dicer, Argonaute proteins are key players in miRNA processing. ...
Qin Shanshan - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of endogenous, small, noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression via degradation, translational inhibition, or translational activation of their target messenger RNAs. Functionally, an individual miRNA is important as a transcription factor because it is able to regulate the expression of its multiple target genes. ...
Chen Caifu - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ∼22 nucleotide regulatory RNA molecules that play important roles in controlling developmental and physiological processes in animals and plants. Measuring the level of miRNA expression is a critical step in methods that study the regulation of biological functions and that use miRNA profiles as diagnostic markers for ...
Zhang Guo-Jun - - 2011
MicroRNA (miRNA), a large and growing class of 18-24-nucleotide long, noncoding RNA molecules in all known animal and plant genomes, is a key player in gene regulation. The functions of miRNA are yet to be understood with respect to how and where it is produced and the changes within an ...
Winter Julia - - 2011
MicroRNAs are short non-coding RNA molecules that are involved in diverse physiological and developmental processes by controlling the gene expression of target mRNAs. They play important roles in almost all kinds of cancer where they modulate key processes during tumorigenesis such as metastasis, apoptosis, proliferation, or angiogenesis. Depending on the ...
Havelange Violaine - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression by pairing with their target mRNAs, thereby inducing protein translation inhibition or/and mRNA degradation. There is now strong evidence that miRNAs play a crucial role in the regulation of hematopoiesis. Several groups have shown that miRNA expression change dynamically during ...
Kanak Mazhar - - 2010
One of the most fascinating discoveries in biology in recent years is unquestionably the identification of the family of small, noncoding RNAs known as microRNAs (miRNAs). Each miRNA targets multiple mRNA species through recognition of complementary sequences, typically located at multiple sites within the 3 untranslated region. In animals, single-stranded ...
Wu Edlyn - - 2010
To understand how miRNA-mediated silencing impacts on embryonic mRNAs, we conducted a functional survey of abundant maternal and zygotic miRNA families in the C. elegans embryo. We show that the miR-35-42 and the miR-51-56 miRNA families define maternal and zygotic miRNA-induced silencing complexes (miRISCs), respectively, that share a large number ...
Hu Jiaxin J The Departments of Pharmacology and Biochemistry, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX 75390-9041, - - 2010
Inhibiting expression of huntingtin (HTT) protein is a promising strategy for treating Huntington's disease (HD), but indiscriminant inhibition of both wild-type and mutant alleles may lead to toxicity. An ideal silencing agent would block expression of mutant HTT while leaving expression of wild-type HTT intact. We observe that fully complementary duplex ...
Wang Yong - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as critical regulators of many cellular pathways. Ionizing radiation (IR) exposure causes DNA damage and induces premature senescence. However, the role of miRNAs in IR-induced senescence has not been well defined. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify and characterize senescence-associated miRNAs (SA-miRNAs) and ...
Larsson Erik - - 2010
The microRNA pathway participates in basic cellular processes and its discovery has enabled the development of si/shRNAs as powerful investigational tools and potential therapeutics. Based on a simple kinetic model of the mRNA life cycle, we hypothesized that mRNAs with high turnover rates may be more resistant to RNAi-mediated silencing. ...
Recalcati Stefania - - 2010
Eukaryotic cells require iron for survival but, as an excess of poorly liganded iron can lead to the catalytic production of toxic radicals that can damage cell structures, regulatory mechanisms have been developed to maintain appropriate cell and body iron levels. The interactions of iron responsive elements (IREs) with iron ...
Kantar Melda - - 2011
Drought is a major environmental stress factor that affects plant growth and development worldwide. Wild emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccoides), the ancestor of domesticated durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum), has great potential for improving the understanding of the wheat drought response. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a recently discovered class ...
Amoroso Richard - - 2011
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been shown to encode at least 40 microRNAs (miRNAs), an important class of molecules that negatively regulate the expression of many genes through posttranscriptional mechanisms. Here, we have used real-time PCR assays to quantify the levels of EBV-encoded BHRF1 and BART miRNAs in latently infected cells ...
Cho Sooyoung - - 2011
miRGator is an integrated database of microRNA (miRNA)-associated gene expression, target prediction, disease association and genomic annotation, which aims to facilitate functional investigation of miRNAs. The recent version of miRGator v2.0 contains information about (i) human miRNA expression profiles under various experimental conditions, (ii) paired expression profiles of both mRNAs ...
Yu Jin - - 2011
The molecular mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of heat stress in the small intestine remain undefined. Furthermore, little information is available concerning changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression following heat stress. The present study sought to evaluate miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in the rat small intestine in response to heat stress. ...
Bottcher Alexandra - - 2011
Iron (Fe) is an essential nutrient for plants, but it can generate oxidative stress at high concentrations. In this study, Coffea arabica L. cell suspension cultures were exposed to excess Fe (60 and 240 μM) to investigate changes in the gene expression of ferritin and antioxidant enzymes. Iron content accumulated during ...
Liu Guang - - 2010
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a lethal disease, occurring mostly in men more than 65 years of age. Until recently, the pathogenesis of AAA remains poorly understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of endogenous small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in diverse biological and pathological processes including cardiovascular ...
Ohdaira Hiroaki - - 2010
microRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding short nucleotides that exhibit a unique function as translational suppressors towards a wide realm of mRNAs. To date, a specific set of miRNAs has been characterized as oncogenes and tumor suppressors based on their expression levels and/or target mRNA functions; however, a comprehensive view of the ...
Kim Tae Heon - - 2010
The pathological and clinical significance of aberrant miRNA expression in ovarian tumours has yet to be adequately documented. The aim of this study was to assess the differences in miRNA expression of human ovarian tumours according to histological subtype, and to determine whether miRNAs are potential diagnostic and prognostic markers ...
Zhao Xia - - 2010
MicroRNA (miRNA) have received increasing attention as posttranscriptional regulators that fine-tune the homeostasis of the inflammatory response. This study aimed to clarify whether miR-125a, which was identified in a pilot expression profiling step, is involved in the inflammatory chemokine pathway in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Independent verification of miR-125a expression ...
Carroll C - - 2010
Background Increase in intraneuronal iron is thought to be relevant to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), although the mechanism remains elusive. Here we investigate expression of the iron importers DMT1 and the transferrin receptor (TfR1), the iron exporter ferroportin (FPN) and the receptor involved in mitochondrial iron uptake (TfR2) ...
Asadi-Moghaddam Kaveh - - 2010
Recent years have seen an intense period of research on the functions of miRNAs, recently discovered key regulators of gene expression that act through suppression of translation of target mRNAs. Several hundred miRNAs have been identified in humans, and these show characteristic expression patterns, depending on tissue type, cell type ...
Chen Fangfang - - 2010
Heterosis, or hybrid vigor, is the phenomenon whereby progeny of two inbred lines exhibit superior agronomic performance compared with either parent. We analyzed the expression of miRNAs and highly expressed small RNAs (defined according to Solexa sequencing results) in two rice (Oryza sativa) subspecies (japonica cv. Nipponbare and indica cv. ...
Shen Yaou - - 2011
In higher plants, microRNA (miRNA) is involved in regulation of developmental processes, including sexual organ development. Seven novel miRNA families with one known miRNA were isolated by constructing a small RNA library from a mixture of anther from a cytoplasmic male sterile line and its maintainer. Two miRNAs are conserved ...
Landi Debora - - 2011
In this review, we focus on the genetic variations (single nucleotide polymorphisms, SNPs) known to occur in microRNAs and in their binding sites and the susceptibility to cancers of the gastro-intestinal (GI) tract in humans. Since the sequence complementarity and the thermodynamics of binding play an essential role in the ...
Lee Soon-Tae - - 2011
Huntington's disease (HD) is a genetic neurodegenerative disease caused by abnormal CAG expansion. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNA molecules regulating gene expression, and are implicated in a variety of diseases including HD. However, the profiles and regulation of miRNAs in HD are not fully understood. Here, we analyzed the miRNA ...
Huang Yong - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a recently discovered family of endogenous, noncoding RNA molecules approximately 22 nt in length. miRNAs modulate gene expression post-transcriptionally by binding to complementary sequences in the coding or 3' untranslated region of target messenger RNAs (mRNAs). It is now clear that the biogenesis and function of miRNAs are ...
Dalmasso Guillaume - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which are noncoding RNAs that posttranscriptionally inhibit expression of target genes, have recently emerged as important regulators of many cellular functions such as cell differentiation. The epithelial di/tripeptide membrane transporter PepT1 is expressed in highly differentiated cells (the villous tip) but not in undifferentiated cells (the crypt) of ...
Bhardwaj Jyoti - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of naturally occurring and small non-coding RNA molecules of about 21-25 nucleotides in length. Their main function is to downregulate gene expression in different manners like translational repression, mRNA cleavage and epigenetic modification. To predict new miRNAs in plants different computational approaches have been developed. ...
Stanczyk Joanna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE.: MicroRNAs are recognized as important regulators of a variety of fundamental biological processes. Previously, we described increased expression of miR-155 and miR-146a in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and showed a repressive effect of miR-155 on MMP expression in RA synovial fibroblasts (RASFs). Now, we found altered expression of miR-203 in ...
Suo Chen - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short noncoding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of mRNAs. Microarrays have been employed to measure global miRNA expressions; however, because the number of miRNAs is much smaller than the number of mRNAs, it is not clear whether traditional normalization methods developed for mRNA arrays are ...
Ozek Nihal Simsek - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), are ~22 nucleotides long, non-coding RNAs that control gene expression post-transcriptionally by binding to their target mRNA's 3'UTRs (untranslated regions). Due to their roles in various important regulatory processes and pathways, miRNAs have been implicated in disease mechanisms such as tumorigenesis when their expression is deregulated. To date, ...
Buechner Jochen - - 2011
Neuroblastoma is a malignant childhood tumour arising from precursor cells of the sympathetic nervous system. Genomic amplification of the MYCN oncogene is associated with dismal prognosis. For this group of high-risk tumours, the induction of tumour cell differentiation is part of current treatment protocols. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA ...
Leung Anthony K L - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of ∼22 nucleotide short noncoding RNAs that play key roles in fundamental cellular processes, including how cells respond to changes in environment or, broadly defined, stresses. Responding to stresses, cells either choose to restore or reprogram their gene expression patterns. This decision is partly mediated ...
Lakhal Samira - - 2011
Hepcidin is a liver-derived hormone with a key role in iron homeostasis. In addition to iron, it is regulated by inflammation and hypoxia, although mechanisms of hypoxic regulation remain unclear. In hepatocytes, hepcidin is induced by bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) through a receptor complex requiring hemojuvelin (HJV) as a co-receptor. ...
Su Xiaohua - - 2010
Aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) and the enzymes that control their processing have been reported in multiple biological processes including primary and metastatic tumours, but the mechanisms governing this are not clearly understood. Here we show that TAp63, a p53 family member, suppresses tumorigenesis and metastasis, and coordinately regulates Dicer ...
Fu XuPing - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that microRNA (miRNA) inhibitory activity can be quantified by examining their target mRNA expression levels. The accumulated evidence of differential miRNA activities between cancer subtypes necessitates the systematical comparison of miRNA expressions and activities. In this study, we integrated 8 mRNA microarray datasets to infer and ...
Koga Yoshikatsu - - 2010
To reduce the colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality rate, we have reported several CRC screening methods using colonocytes isolated from feces. Expression analysis of oncogenic microRNA (miRNA) in peripheral blood was recently reported for CRC detection. In the present study, we conducted miRNA expression analysis of exfoliated colonocytes isolated from feces ...
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