Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1606
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Shetty Sreerama - - 2002
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) interacts with its receptor (uPAR) to promote local proteolysis as well as cellular proliferation and migration. These functions contribute to the pathogenesis of lung inflammation and remodeling as well as the growth and invasiveness of lung neoplasms. In this study, we sought to determine if ...
Sadowski T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the in vitro effects of several nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs on the IL-1 altered expression and activity of tPA, uPA and PAI-1 by articular chondrocytes. METHODS: Bovine chondrocytes were cultured in alginate gel beads. Cells were treated with IL-1alpha in the presence or absence of drugs at various ...
Li Lei - - 2002
In this study, we postulated that acute mechanical strain of the arterial wall induces changes in syndecan-4 expression that in turn may modulate cellular events, which promote neointima formation. Correlative in vivo and in vitro studies were performed to determine whether: (1) balloon injury of the rat carotid artery induces ...
Kobayashi Hiroshi - - 2002
Our laboratory showed that bikunin, a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, suppresses 4beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)- or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha)-induced urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) expression in different cell types. In addition to its effects on protease inhibition, bikunin could be modulating other cellular events associated with the metastatic cascade. To test ...
Negoro Hideyuki - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We examined the role of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) in the formation of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 following interleukin-1beta (IL-1) stimulation in bovine endothelial cells (EC) transfected with lipocaline-type PGD2 synthase (L-PGDS) genes. DESIGN AND METHODS: EC were isolated from bovine thoracic aorta and incubated with 20 U/ml IL-1 and ...
Liu Lihui - - 2002
Zebrafish pdgf-a gene was cloned and its expression pattern studied during zebrafish embryogenesis. Zebrafish pdgf-a mRNA was present at high levels in fertilized eggs as well as in all embryonic cells up to the end of gastrulation. Spatially restricted expression started after the onset of segmentation and was mainly localized ...
Bando Miwa - - 2002
The differentiation of megakaryocytes into platelets is highly regulated by many cytokines and growth factors. PACE4 and furin are Ca(2+)-dependent serine endoproteases belonging to the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase (SPC) family. These enzymes are involved in the proteolytic activation of proteins that play essential roles in cell growth and differentiation. In ...
Seki Naoto - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Src homology 2-containing phosphotyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2) is ubiquitously expressed and believed to function as part of a positive signaling pathway mediating growth factor-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation. Proliferation of aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is an important contributor to atherosclerosis. We examined the effect of SHP2 expression on ...
Proia Richard R - - 2002
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a known inhibitor of plasminogen activators, may regulate smooth muscle cell migration (SMC) through alteration in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. To study the effect of endothelial cell (EC) PAI-1 overexpression on SMC migration, RT-PCR was used to clone the full length PAI-1 gene, which was ligated ...
Zhang Jifeng - - 2002
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a key regulator of osteoclastogenesis. Recent reports suggest that OPG may function as a protector of arterial calcification and survival of endothelial cells. However, the role and expression of OPG in vascular wall is unclear. Here we report that OPG was highly expressed in vascular smooth muscle ...
Kanaki Tatsuro - - 2002
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) stimulates expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including stromelysin-1 (MMP-3). Induction of these expressions is known to occur during the course of atherosclerosis, tumor invasion, and metastasis. We investigated PDGF-alpha receptor (alphaR)- and beta receptor (betaR)-mediated signaling pathways for the expression of MMP-3 and invasion activity using ...
Li Hua - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of retinoid kappa receptor alpha (RXRalpha) transfection plus treatment with the RXRalpha ligand, 9-cis-RA, on the proliferation and phenotype of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). METHODS: PDGF activated rat hepatic stellate cells were transfected with eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1- human RXRalpha, ...
Hu Wen-Yang - - 2002
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a potent stimulator of growth of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). VSMCs from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) show exaggerated growth and increasingly express PDGF A-chain messenger RNA (mRNA). To examine adenovirus-mediated transfer of a ribozyme targeting the PDGF A-chain mRNA as a possible gene therapy ...
Dow M P D - - 2002
The serine proteinases, tissue-type (tPA) and urokinase (uPA) plasminogen activator, are implicated in the ovulatory processes via their ability to convert plasminogen to its active form, plasmin. One mechanism for regulation of plasmin-directed ovarian extracellular matrix remodelling during follicle rupture and corpus luteum formation is through inhibition of plasminogen activation ...
Idell Steven - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To review derangements of pathways of fibrin turnover that promote pathologic fibrin deposition in the acute respiratory distress syndrome and to review the contribution of the endothelium and parenchymal lung cells to the derangements. In addition, to review how these pathways can be exploited in specific clinical circumstances, including ...
Basciani Sabrina - - 2002
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) plays a critical role in regulating the development and functional control of various tissues and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of serious diseases, including cancer and atherosclerosis. Given the emerging role of PDGF in the development and function of male gonads, we compared the expression ...
Kaneko Takeaki - - 2002
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) inhibits fibrinolysis and proteolysis. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulates angiogenesis, which requires regional proteolysis. Because modulation of vasculopathy requires tight control of proteolysis, effects of bFGF on PAI-1 expression in endothelial cells (ECs) were characterized. bFGF increased PAI-1 mRNA and accumulation of PAI-1 protein in ...
Spence Michael J - - 2002
Oncostatin M (OSM) is a glycoprotein cytokine that is produced by activated T-lymphocytes, monocytes, and macrophages. In a DNA synthesis assay, OSM reduced tritiated thymidine incorporation by 53% in Calu-1 lung carcinoma cells. Radiolabeled cDNAs from untreated Calu-1 cells and 30-h OSM-treated cells were used to probe duplicate nylon membrane ...
Kimura Shinzo - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Bradykinin (BK) is a biologically active peptides that exerts a broad spectrum of pathophysiological effects mainly by producing nitric oxide (NO) and prostacyclin from vascular endothelial cells. A direct effect of BK on vascular endothelial cells regarding the expression of the regulatory proteins of coagulation and fibrinolysis has not ...
Kimura Daisuke - - 2002
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is one of the target genes of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha). Besides being an important physiological regulator of the fibrinolytic system PAI-1 is also involved in cancer invasiveness. HIF-1alpha is expressed in various types of pulmonary cells, but the relation of PAI-1 to HIF-1alpha under hypoxic ...
Onda Munehiko - - 2002
Lumican is a member of a small leucine-rich proteoglycan family. Members of this family play an important role in cell migration and proliferation during embryonic development, tissue repair, and tumor growth. Lumican is reported to be overexpressed during the wound-healing process in the cornea and ischemic and reperfused heart. Recently, ...
Sieuwerts Anieta M - - 2002
In breast stroma urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) is predominantly expressed by fibroblasts located in the near vicinity of tumor cells, and fibroblast-derived insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) may be involved in inhibiting the expression of uPA in these fibroblasts. To investigate a possible role for fibroblast growth factors (FGFs), we evaluated ...
Dijkmans Joyce - - 2002
The predicted platelet-derived growth factor-C (PDGF-C) polypeptide contains an N-terminal CUB-like domain and a C-terminal domain with homology to members of the PDGF/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family. PDGF-C mRNA is widely expressed in normal tissues and does not appear to be up-regulated in the tumor cell lines tested. The ...
Palumbo Camilla - - 2002
Human testicular germ cell tumours of adolescents and adults (TGCTs), including their precursor lesion carcinoma in situ (CIS), show expression of a 1.5 kb alternative transcript of the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) alpha-receptor gene. The so-called P2 promoter involved is located in intron 12 and its activity was found to ...
Watanabe Atai - - 2002
Retinoids exert their pleiotropic effects on several pathophysiologic processes, including neointima formation after experimental vascular injury. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) has been proposed to play an inhibitory role in arterial neointima formation after injury. We examined whether retinoids regulate PAI-1 expression in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). Northern blot ...
Kanazawa Hiroko - - 2002
Iba1 is a macrophage/microglia-specific calcium-binding protein that is involved in RacGTPase-dependent membrane ruffling and phagocytosis. In this study, we introduced Iba1 into Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts and demonstrated the enhancement of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced membrane ruffling and chemotaxis. Wortmannin treatment did not completely suppressed this enhanced membrane ruffling in Iba1-expressing ...
Fink Trine - - 2002
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) plays a key role in control of coagulation and tissue remodeling and has been shown to be regulated by a number of cell stimuli, among those hypoxia. In this study we characterize the hypoxia-mediated induction of PAI-1 in human hepatoma cell line HepG2. We found that ...
Zhang Lu - - 2002
Plasmin is the major enzyme that dissolves fibrin in the vasculature and the predominant source of its zymogen, plasminogen, is liver. However, plasmin has a broad substrate spectrum and, if present in other tissues, may perform additional functions. We tested the hypothesis that plasminogen is expressed broadly extrahepatically. A sensitive ...
Ryu Yasuji - - 2002
Previous studies demonstrated that sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) induced migration of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) whereas it inhibited that of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). This study explored the molecular mechanisms underlying the contrasting S1P actions on vascular cell motility. In rat and human aortic SMCs, the chemoattractant platelet-derived growth ...
Nakamura Misa - - 2002
Calcitonin (CT) is a polypeptide hormone and has a variety of functions including regulation of urinary calcium excretion. By using a cDNA subtraction hybridization method, we identified that NF-IL3A and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) genes were up-regulated by CT in porcine renal cell line LLC-PK1. CT-mediated induction of these genes ...
Sugenoya Youichi - - 2002
The basic or h1 calponin gene, which encodes an actin-binding protein involved in the regulation of smooth-muscle shortening velocity, is known to be a smooth-muscle differentiation-specific gene. It was found that basic calponin was expressed by cultured mesangial cells and localized along the actin filaments. Among the growth factors involved ...
Apparailly F - - 2002
Plasmin is essential for metalloproteases activation, endothelial cell migration and degradation of the extracellular matrix. The process is common to neoangiogenesis pannus formation and cartilage degradation within arthritic joints. Since 80% of synovial cells express urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), we investigated the inhibition of plasmin activation in a collagen-induced ...
Rafty Louise A - - 2002
The regulatory mechanisms mediating basal and inducible platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-A expression have been the focus of intense recent investigation, but repression of PDGF-A expression is largely unexplored. Here we isolated a nuclear factor that interacts with the proximal region of the PDGF-A promoter using bulk binding assays and chromatography ...
Shihab Fuad S - - 2002
Chronic cyclosporine (CsA) nephrotoxicity is characterized by tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Pirfenidone (PFD) is a novel antifibrotic compound that was shown to prevent and even reverse fibrosis. The mechanism of action of PFD is unclear but involves inhibition of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). Salt-depleted rats were administered CsA, CsA + PFD, vehicle ...
Zhang Jifeng - - 2002
Although peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) delta is widely expressed in many tissues, the role of PPARdelta is poorly understood. In this study, we report that PPARdelta was up-regulated in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) during vascular lesion formation. By using Northern blot analysis, we demonstrated that PPARdelta was increased by ...
Yamamoto Koji - - 2002
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is one of the primary inhibitors of the fibrinolytic system and has been implicated in a variety of thrombotic disorders. In this report, stress-induced changes in murine PAI-1 gene expression were investigated to study the role of this inhibitor in the development of stress-induced hypercoagulability. Restraint ...
Smith-Mungo Lynda - - 2002
Lysyl oxidase (LO) plays a critical role in the stabilization and insolubilization of fibrous structural proteins of the extracellular matrix and has been implicated in the suppression of Ras-induced tumorigenesis. Several prior reports demonstrate that the expression of this catalyst is strongly influenced by a variety of effectors of cell ...
Bastelica Delphine - - 2002
Elevated plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 observed during insulin resistance has been connected with an excessive PAI-1 adipose tissue secretion mainly by visceral fat. Our aim was to compare the localization of PAI-1 in human visceral and subcutaneous fats. PAI-1 secretion was also investigated in vitro during human adipocyte differentiation. ...
Lai Yi-Mu - - 2002
The calcium channel blocker amlodipine continues to be of interest due to its potential proven ability to hinder the progression of atherosclerosis and reduce the number of clinical ischemic events. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) are useful in the study of atherosclerosis because they show ...
MarszaƂek A - - 2002
The aim of the present study was the evaluation of the expression levels of PDGF-A and B, and PDGFR-alpha, andchanges of capillary cross-sectional areas during terminal vascular network formation in the developing lung. Pathogen-free fetuses and newborns used for rats were used. Lungs were processed for frozen section immunohistochemical staining ...
Montuori Nunzia - - 2002
The urokinase-mediated plasminogen activation (PA) system has been shown to play a key role in cell migration and tissue invasion by regulating both cell-associated proteolysis and cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. The expression and activity of the components of this complex system are strictly regulated. The control of the expression occurs ...
De Petro Giuseppina - - 2002
Plasminogen activators of the urokinase- and tissue-type and fetal calf serum (u-PA, t-PA, FCS) exert their mitogenic effect on quiescent human dermal fibroblasts and modulate the mRNA expression of cell-cycle related genes. The present study deals with the effects of PAs on the expression of fibronectin (FN), a heterodimeric extracellular ...
Rafty Louise A - - 2002
VHL is the causative gene for von Hippel-Lindau disease and sporadic clear cell renal cancer. It has been shown that pVHL can suppress the expression of certain genes that are overexpressed in renal carcinomas. One such gene is that encoding the potent mitogen and chemoattractant, platelet-derived growth factor B-chain (PDGF-B). ...
Wang Li - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Homozygous adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) deficiency is associated with 2,8-dihydroxyadenine (DHA) nephrolithiasis. Using whole kidney RNA from Aprt knockout mice, we previously showed that the renal deposition of DHA leads to changes in the expression of genes involved in tissue injury. To determine the cellular basis for these changes, we ...
Swiatkowska Maria - - 2002
Second messengers involved in the signal transduction pathway leading to induction of the plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) have not yet been well characterized. This study focuses on the mechanisms of regulation of PAI-1 expression by reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human endothelial cells. Inhibition of the tumor necrosis factor alpha ...
Eberhardt Wolfgang - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Dysregulated expression of diverse proteases and their specific inhibitors is critical for the increase in extracellular matrix accumulation that accompanies chronic inflammatory and sclerotic processes within the renal mesangium. Within the activating cascade of several proteases, the plasminogen system plays an important role. METHODS: We tested for modulatory effects ...
Parameswaran Narayanan - - 2002
Mixed lineage kinase 3 (MLK 3) is a recently described member of the MLK subfamily of Ser/Thr protein kinases that interacts with MAPK pathways. The aim of this study was to test the potential interaction of MLK 3 with signaling pathways stimulated by PDGF in rat mesangial cells. We have ...
Carreras Isabel - - 2002
The extracellular matrix (ECM) protein elastin plays an essential role in the cardiovascular system by imparting elasticity to blood vessel wall. In this study, we examined the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on the expression of elastin in aortic smooth muscle cells (SMC) to gain insight into events ...
Elfman F - - 2001
The plasma membrane urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) localizes and enhances activation of pro-uPA. Active uPA, in turn, promotes increased degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) by activation of plasminogen. uPAR binds to ECM molecules and integrins, which can affect cellular adhesion, signal transduction, and gene regulation. The current study ...
Teesalu T - - 2001
Plasminogen activators (PAs) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are considered to play an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is widely used as an animal model of multiple sclerosis. Whereas several studies have addressed the expression of various MMPs and their inhibitors in the pathogenesis ...
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