Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1641
< 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 >
Yoshinaga Masatomi - - 2003
To investigate whether argatroban ((2R,4R)-4-methyl-1-[N(2)-((RS)-3-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-8-quinolinesulfonyl)-L-arginyl]-2-piperidinecarboxylic acid hydrate, a selective thrombin inhibitor, exerts a direct action on phenotype conversion of vascular smooth muscle cells, cultured rabbit aortic vascular smooth muscle cells were employed. Myosin heavy chain isoforms (SM1, SM2, and SMemb) mRNA expressions were evaluated by in situ hybridization and reverse ...
Tavian Daniela - - 2003
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) plays a key role in malignant tumor behavior. We have previously shown that the expression of high levels of u-PA mRNA in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) biopsies was inversely correlated with the survival of the patients. In order to evaluate the involvement of u-PA in the ...
Martens John W M - - 2003
Age is an important factor in the development and spread of breast cancer. Stromal cells also contribute to breast cancer growth and metastasis through the production of extracellular matrix (ECM) modifiers such as urokinase type plasminogen activator (uPA), its receptor (uPAR), its inhibitors (PAI-1 and PAI-2), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and ...
Qi Yong Fen - - 2003
This work was aimed to explore the changes and significance of adrenomedullin (ADM) mRNA and receptor activity modifying protein 2 (RAMP2) mRNA in calcified vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Calcification of cultured rat VSMCs was produced by incubation with beta-glycerophosphate. Content of ADM released by VSMCs was measured by radioimmunoassay ...
Chang Yu-Chao - - 2003
Plasminogen activator converts plasminogen to plasmin, and plasmin activates the latent matrix metalloproteinases. Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) is one of the important proteolysis factors present in human inflamed tissues. However, few studies reported on the mechanisms of tissue destruction via a t-PA proteolysis pathway in pulpal and periapical diseases. The ...
Forsberg-Nilsson Karin - - 2003
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) influences the generation of neurons and glia during embryogenesis and in early postnatal life. In an attempt to determine the consequences of an overexpression of PDGF-B during the first weeks of life, we targeted transgenic expression of a human PDGF-B cDNA to myelinating tracts using the ...
Ghosh Choudhury Goutam G Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, San Antonio, TX, USA. - - 2003
Regulation of the forkhead domain transcription factors by PDGF has not been studied. In this report, we investigated the role of PDGF-induced Akt in regulating forkhead domain protein FKHRL1 in glomerular mesangial cells. PDGF increased phosphorylation of FKHRL1 in a time- and PI 3 kinase-dependent manner. Expression of dominant negative ...
Yu Jiuhong - - 2003
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a critical regulator of mesenchymal cell migration and proliferation. The vital functions of PDGFs for angiogenesis, as well as development of kidney, brain, cardiovascular system and pulmonary alveoli during embryogenesis, have been well demonstrated by gene knock-out approaches. Clinical studies reveal that aberrant expression of ...
Chui Cecilia Mei Yan - - 2003
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a platelet alpha-granule protein. In previous reports, we demonstrated the expression of PDGF receptors on platelets and megakaryocytic cells and that PDGF enhanced the proliferation of megakaryocytic progenitor cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of PDGF on mRNA and protein expressions of megakaryocyte-associated ...
Martínez-González José - - 2003
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) migration and proliferation play a key role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease. However, the transcription factors that regulate VSMC activation are not completely characterized. By a mRNA-differential display approach, we have identified neuron-derived orphan receptor-1 (NOR-1), a transcription factor within the NGFI-B subfamily of ...
Katsuma Susumu - - 2003
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is known to regulate cell proliferation, apoptosis, and motility. Recently, we have reported that S1P and its analogue dihydro-S1P (DHS1P) promote proliferation of rat cultured mesangial cells. To investigate the signaling mechanisms underlying S1P- and DHS1P-induced mesangial cell proliferation, we performed cDNA microarray analysis of gene expression ...
Endo Hideharu - - 2003
p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) regulates matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) gene expression bidirectionally depending on the induction. We sought to determine whether cytokines related to the regulation of extracellular matrix could activate p38 MAPK in dermal fibroblasts. We determined p38 MAPK phosphorylation/activation in dermal fibroblasts stimulated with platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB), ...
Shimada S - - 2003
To investigate whether bound thrombin can induce modulation of SMemb expression in vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells, messenger RNA (mRNA) expression was measured by in situ hybridization (ISH) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in cultured rabbit aortic VSM cells. To test the concentration- and time-dependent effect of bound thrombin ...
de Waard Vivian - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac ankyrin repeat protein (CARP) is a transcription factor-related protein that has been studied most extensively in the heart. In the present study, we investigated the expression and the potential function of CARP in human and murine atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: CARP expression was observed by in situ hybridization ...
Inkinen Kaija - - 2003
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is upregulated in a variety of fibrotic disorders, probably secondary to the activation and production of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). We have studied the expression of CTGF in a rat wound-healing model using Northern blot, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemistry. The expression of CTGF mRNA ...
Kotani Motoko - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Restenosis of the coronary artery after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) occurs in 30-50% of patients and remains a major clinical problem. We developed ribozyme that targets platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) A-chain mRNA as a gene therapy for restenosis after PTCA. Thus, we examined the effects of a chimeric ...
Rout Ujjwal Kumar - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Study the expression pattern of tissue-type (t-PA) and urokinase-type (u-PA) plasminogen activators during uterine serosal healing after lesioning in a rat model. DESIGN: Descriptive study with an adhesion model using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immuncytochemical techniques. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENT(S): None. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): ...
Gruber Florian - - 2003
Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) is the main fibrinolysis inhibitor, and high plasma levels are associated with an increased risk for vascular diseases. Inflammatory cytokines regulate PAI-1 through a hitherto unclear mechanism. Using reporter gene analysis, we could identify a region in the PAI-1 promoter that contributes to basal expression ...
Martinet Wim - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Apoptosis substantially affects the cellularity and integrity of atherosclerotic plaques. It remains, however, unclear which key regulatory genes are involved. In this study, cDNA expression arrays were used to analyze transcript levels of 205 apoptosis-related genes in human carotid endarterectomy specimens versus nonatherosclerotic mammary arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventeen ...
Suzuki Manabu - - 2002
We investigated the effects of high concentrations of glucose on plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene expression in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). In response to a high glucose concentration (27.5 mM), PAI-1 mRNA increased within 2 h, peaked at 4 h, remained elevated for another 4 h, then ...
Kasza Aneta - - 2002
Glial cells that produce and respond to various cytokines mediate inflammatory processes in the brain. Here, we show that oncostatin M (OSM) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) regulate the expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) in human astrocytes. Using the PAI-1 reporter constructs we show that the ...
Kotsuji-Maruyama Tomoe - - 2002
Neurofibromas of neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) are highly vascular. Because the number of PDGF beta receptors in neurofibroma-derived cultured cells (NF-derived cells) has been reported to be increased, we tested whether platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) could induce expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in NF-derived cells. When analysed by ...
Menshikov Mikhail - - 2002
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is suggested to exert its proliferatory, migratory and invasive action through binding with its membrane receptor, promoting pericellular proteolysis and mediating cell signal transduction. One of the possible actions of urokinase can be related to the regulation of activity and/or the expression of proteolytic enzymes participating ...
Zhang Jifeng - - 2002
15-Deoxy-prostaglandin J(2)(15d-PGJ(2)) is an endogenous ligand of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) and plays an important role in the regulation of endothelial cell growth and apoptosis. However, the detailed mechanisms are poorly understood. We hypothesized that 15d-PGJ(2) might affect PDGF expression in endothelial cells through activating PPARgamma. Here we documented ...
Lo Muzio Lorenzo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have reported nuclear delocalization of plakoglobin in acantholytic pemphigus vulgaris cells. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of plakoglobin in the pathogenesis of acantholysis in pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and its relation with the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plakoglobin ...
Providence Kirwin M - - 2002
Several proteases and their co-expressed inhibitors modulate the interdependent processes of cell migration and matrix proteolysis during wound repair. Transcription of the gene encoding plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), a serine protease inhibitor important in the control of barrier proteolysis and cell-to-matrix adhesion, is spatially-temporally regulated following epithelial denudation ...
Arkenbout E Karin - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) play a key role in intimal thickening in atherosclerosis and restenosis. The precise signaling pathways by which the proliferation of SMCs is regulated are largely unknown. The TR3 orphan receptor, the mitogen-induced nuclear orphan receptor (MINOR), and the nuclear receptor of T cells (NOT) are ...
Kietzmann Thomas - - 2003
The expression of the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene is enhanced by insulin both in vivo and in various cell types. Because insulin exerts a number of its biologic activities via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and protein kinase B (PI3K/PKB) signaling pathway, it was the aim of the present study to ...
Spyratos Frederique - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of uPA, PAI-1 and PAI-2 mRNA expression was studied in a retrospective series of 130 primary breast cancer patients (median follow-up 8.1 years). MATERIALS AND METHODS: UPA, PAI-1 and PAI-2 mRNA were quantified by means of real-time quantitative RT-PCR. Comparison with the corresponding protein levels determined ...
Akai Takuya - - 2002
PURPOSE: For tumor growth, proteolytic remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is a key factor. To determine proteolytic activity in human glioma cells, fibrinolytic activity, mRNA expression of fibrinolytic factors, and fibrinolytic inhibitors were studied in human glioma cell lines. The effect of platelet activating factor (PAF), a potent mediator ...
Fraser Donald - - 2002
Proximal tubular renal epithelial cells may contribute to the pathogenesis of renal interstitial fibrosis in diabetes by generation of cytokines such as transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1. We have previously demonstrated that proximal tubular renal epithelial cell TGF-beta1 synthesis may be modulated by elevated glucose concentration and by cytokines such as ...
Guo Yongjing - - 2002
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is a member of the serine protease family and can break down various components of the extracellular matrix to promote growth, invasion, and metastasis of several malignancies including breast cancer. In the current study we examined the role that the DNA methylation machinery might be playing ...
Lin Sun - - 2002
The molecular mechanism(s) by which high glucose induces fibronectin expression via G-protein activation in the kidney are largely unknown. This investigation describes the effect of high glucose (HG) on a small GTP-binding protein, Rap1b, expression and activation, and the relevance of protein kinase C (PKC) and Raf pathways in fibronectin ...
Li Guohong - - 2002
Increased expression of osteopontin (OPN), fibroblast growth factors (FGFs), and their type-1 receptor (FGFR-1) is associated with neointima formation and atherosclerosis. This study tested the hypothesis that ligand activation of FGFR-1 stimulates OPN expression in rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs), explored the signaling pathway involved, and assessed the functional ...
Castelló Remedios - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The plasminogen activation system and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a key role in the degradation of basement membrane and extracellular matrix in tissue remodeling, cancer cell invasion, and metastasis. METHODS: Quantitative real-time reverse-transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) assays were developed to quantify urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), ...
Shetty Sreerama - - 2002
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) interacts with its receptor (uPAR) to promote local proteolysis as well as cellular proliferation and migration. These functions contribute to the pathogenesis of lung inflammation and remodeling as well as the growth and invasiveness of lung neoplasms. In this study, we sought to determine if ...
Sadowski T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the in vitro effects of several nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs on the IL-1 altered expression and activity of tPA, uPA and PAI-1 by articular chondrocytes. METHODS: Bovine chondrocytes were cultured in alginate gel beads. Cells were treated with IL-1alpha in the presence or absence of drugs at various ...
Li Lei - - 2002
In this study, we postulated that acute mechanical strain of the arterial wall induces changes in syndecan-4 expression that in turn may modulate cellular events, which promote neointima formation. Correlative in vivo and in vitro studies were performed to determine whether: (1) balloon injury of the rat carotid artery induces ...
Kobayashi Hiroshi - - 2002
Our laboratory showed that bikunin, a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, suppresses 4beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)- or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha)-induced urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) expression in different cell types. In addition to its effects on protease inhibition, bikunin could be modulating other cellular events associated with the metastatic cascade. To test ...
Negoro Hideyuki - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We examined the role of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) in the formation of plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 following interleukin-1beta (IL-1) stimulation in bovine endothelial cells (EC) transfected with lipocaline-type PGD2 synthase (L-PGDS) genes. DESIGN AND METHODS: EC were isolated from bovine thoracic aorta and incubated with 20 U/ml IL-1 and ...
Liu Lihui - - 2002
Zebrafish pdgf-a gene was cloned and its expression pattern studied during zebrafish embryogenesis. Zebrafish pdgf-a mRNA was present at high levels in fertilized eggs as well as in all embryonic cells up to the end of gastrulation. Spatially restricted expression started after the onset of segmentation and was mainly localized ...
Bando Miwa - - 2002
The differentiation of megakaryocytes into platelets is highly regulated by many cytokines and growth factors. PACE4 and furin are Ca(2+)-dependent serine endoproteases belonging to the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase (SPC) family. These enzymes are involved in the proteolytic activation of proteins that play essential roles in cell growth and differentiation. In ...
Seki Naoto - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Src homology 2-containing phosphotyrosine phosphatase 2 (SHP2) is ubiquitously expressed and believed to function as part of a positive signaling pathway mediating growth factor-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation. Proliferation of aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is an important contributor to atherosclerosis. We examined the effect of SHP2 expression on ...
Proia Richard R - - 2002
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a known inhibitor of plasminogen activators, may regulate smooth muscle cell migration (SMC) through alteration in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. To study the effect of endothelial cell (EC) PAI-1 overexpression on SMC migration, RT-PCR was used to clone the full length PAI-1 gene, which was ligated ...
Zhang Jifeng - - 2002
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a key regulator of osteoclastogenesis. Recent reports suggest that OPG may function as a protector of arterial calcification and survival of endothelial cells. However, the role and expression of OPG in vascular wall is unclear. Here we report that OPG was highly expressed in vascular smooth muscle ...
Kanaki Tatsuro - - 2002
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) stimulates expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including stromelysin-1 (MMP-3). Induction of these expressions is known to occur during the course of atherosclerosis, tumor invasion, and metastasis. We investigated PDGF-alpha receptor (alphaR)- and beta receptor (betaR)-mediated signaling pathways for the expression of MMP-3 and invasion activity using ...
Li Hua - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of retinoid kappa receptor alpha (RXRalpha) transfection plus treatment with the RXRalpha ligand, 9-cis-RA, on the proliferation and phenotype of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). METHODS: PDGF activated rat hepatic stellate cells were transfected with eukaryotic expression vector pcDNA3.1- human RXRalpha, ...
Hu Wen-Yang - - 2002
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a potent stimulator of growth of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). VSMCs from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) show exaggerated growth and increasingly express PDGF A-chain messenger RNA (mRNA). To examine adenovirus-mediated transfer of a ribozyme targeting the PDGF A-chain mRNA as a possible gene therapy ...
Dow M P D - - 2002
The serine proteinases, tissue-type (tPA) and urokinase (uPA) plasminogen activator, are implicated in the ovulatory processes via their ability to convert plasminogen to its active form, plasmin. One mechanism for regulation of plasmin-directed ovarian extracellular matrix remodelling during follicle rupture and corpus luteum formation is through inhibition of plasminogen activation ...
Idell Steven - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To review derangements of pathways of fibrin turnover that promote pathologic fibrin deposition in the acute respiratory distress syndrome and to review the contribution of the endothelium and parenchymal lung cells to the derangements. In addition, to review how these pathways can be exploited in specific clinical circumstances, including ...
< 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 >