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Mantripragada Venkata P VP Biomedical Engineering Program, The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43614-5807, - - 2014
The main objective of this study is to maximize growth factor encapsulation efficiency into microparticles. The novelty of this study is to maximize the encapsulated growth factors into microparticles by minimizing the use of organic solvents and using relatively low temperatures. The microparticles were fabricated using chitosan biopolymer as a ...
Bormann Sebastian S Energy Biosciences Institute, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, - - 2014
Processes for the biotechnological production of kerosene and diesel blendstocks are often economically unattractive due to low yields and product titers. Recently, Clostridium acetobutylicum fermentation products acetone, butanol, and ethanol (ABE) were shown to serve as precursors for catalytic upgrading to higher chain-length molecules that can be used as fuel ...
Mou Chengzhi C Department of Neurosurgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, 9677 Jingshi Road, Jinan, Shandong, 250021, - - 2014
Microglia can be driven to adopt M1 and M2 phenotypes. While the distinct functions of M1 and M2 microglia have been intensively studied, the former are considered proinflammatory and the latter anti-inflammatory. PGC-1-related coactivator (PRC), an important member in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1 (PGC-1) family, plays an essential ...
Jullien Frédéric - - 2013
In this paper we characterize three sTPSs: a germacrene D (LaGERDS), a (E)-β-caryophyllene (LaCARS) and a τ-cadinol synthase (LaCADS). τ-cadinol synthase is reported here for the first time and its activity was studied in several biological models including transiently or stably transformed tobacco species. Three dimensional structure models of LaCADS ...
Kim Haejin - - 2013
In the present study, methanolic extract of Ecklonia cava and its solvent-partitioned fractions were evaluated for their antiadipogenic effect in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. One of them, n-BuOH fraction, effectively reduced lipid accumulation and glucose consumption. In addition, the presence of n-BuOH fraction in adipocytes suppressed the regulations of adipogenic transcription factors, ...
Lecomte V - - 2013
Potamopyrgus antipodarum is a gastropod mollusk proposed for use in the development of reproduction tests within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Numerous chemicals, including endocrine disrupters, are relatively water-insoluble, and water-miscible solvents are currently used for testing them. OECD recommends a maximum concentration of 100μll(-1). As several ...
Kido Takamasa - - 2013
The use of a petroleum-derived cleaning solvent for dry cleaning, instead of tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene, PCE), has increased. The cleaning solvent may induce immunological alteration. In this study, murine macrophage-lineage J774.1 cells were exposed to the cleaning solvent at 0, 25, 50, and 75 µg/ml or PCE at 0, 400, 600, 800, ...
Szczyrba Jaroslaw - - 2012
In primary prostate cancer (PCa), a major cause of cancer-related death in men, the expression of various microRNAs (miRNAs) is deregulated. We previously detected several miRNAs, e.g., miR-24 and miR-22, as significantly down-regulated in PCa (1) . An in silico search predicted that zinc finger protein 217 (ZNF217) and importin ...
Tsai Shih-Jei - - 2012
Protocatechuic acid (PCA) at 0.5, 1 or 2% was supplied to d-galactose (DG) treated mice for 8 wks. PCA intake at 2% increased its deposit in brain. DG treatment increased brain level of reactive oxygen species, protein carbonyl, carboxymethyllysine, pentosidine, sorbitol, fructose and methylglyoxal (P<0.05). PCA intake, at 1 and ...
Fitting Sylvia - - 2012
Opiate abuse reportedly can exaggerate complications of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection in the central nervous system (CNS), while opiate drugs are often indicated in the treatment of HIV-1-related neuropathic pain. Despite this quandary, few studies have assessed the relationship between the duration or extent of HIV-1 infection and ...
Wu Qiang - - 2012
cAMP response element-binding protein(CREB) and the cAMP cascade play a pivotal role in the opiate-dependence. The blockade of this cascade is believed to attenuate signs of physical opiate withdrawal. A lentiviral vector (LV) expressing a small hairpin RNA (shRNA) to silence CREB in vitro and in vivo was used in ...
Vijayan Lakshmy - - 2012
L-type calcium channel blockers like verapamil are used in the prophylaxis of migraine. However, their effect on the expression of CGRP in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (TNC) is unknown. It is important because an earlier study had shown that olcegepant, a CGRP receptor antagonist, acts at the level of the ...
Kao Sheng-Chin - - 2012
Cumulating evidence has demonstrated that μ opioid receptor (MOR) agonists promote spinal glial activation, lead to synthesis and release of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines, and contribute to opioid-induced hyperalgesia and development of opioid tolerance and dependence. However, whether these MOR agonists directly or indirectly act on spinal cord astrocytes and ...
Jalali Mashayekhi Farideh - - 2012
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a role in mediating molecular, cellular, and behavioral adaptations underlying drug addiction. Here, we examined the influence of withdrawal from repeated morphine treatment on the expression of BDNF mRNA in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and locus coeruleus (LC) of the rat brain. We also ...
Berta Temugin - - 2012
Activation of spinal cord glial cells such as microglia and astrocytes has been shown to regulate chronic opioid-induced antinociceptive tolerance and hyperalgesia, due to spinal up-regulation of the proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β). Matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9) has been implicated in IL-1β activation in neuropathic pain. However, it is ...
He Ying - - 2012
This chapter will focus on the role of microRNAs (miRs) in regulating the actions of opioid drugs through the opioid receptors. Opioids, such as morphine, are analgesics that are used for treating many forms of acute and chronic pain. However, their chronic use is limited by undesirable effects such as ...
Chokechanachaisakul Uraiwan - - 2011
In normal dental pulp, a considerable number of resident macrophages are distributed. This study was designed to analyze the expression levels of genes associated with differentiation and function of resident macrophages in rat molar pulps stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Mandibular first molars of 7-week-old male Wistar rats were used. After ...
Lorch Yahli - - 2011
Purified chromatin rings, excised from the PHO5 locus of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in transcriptionally repressed and activated states, were remodeled with RSC and ATP. Nucleosomes were translocated, and those originating on the promoter of repressed rings were removed, whereas those originating on the open reading frame (ORF) were retained. Treatment of ...
Gu Yan-Ting - - 2011
This study was performed to investigate the mechanism of the blood-brain tumor-barrier (BTB) permeability increase, which was induced by NS1619, a selective K(Ca) channel activator. Using a rat brain glioma (C6) model, we exam the expression of ZO-1 and occludin in mRNA and protein level at different time point after ...
Ryberg Anna - - 2011
Two main types of receptors for gastrin and cholecystokinin (CCK) have been cloned and identified. CCK1 (CCK-A) receptors are expressed in the pancreas, the gallbladder, and parts of the brain, while CCK2 (CCK-B/gastrin) receptors (CCK2R) are expressed in gastric glands and in most of the brain. A splice variant of ...
Hiroto Yoshie - - 2011
INTRODUATION: Resveratrol, a phytoestrogen present at a high concentration in red wine, has been reported to possess many health benefit effects that are protective against age-related diseases. Protein S (PS), an important anticoagulant factor in the protein C (PC) anticoagulant pathway, is mainly synthesized by hepatocytes, and its plasma level ...
Brown Carrie M - - 2011
We hypothesize that vestibular schwannomas (VSs) exhibit up-regulation of estrogen receptor (ER) at the protein level compared with control great auricular nerve (GAN). It has been reported in the literature that VS occur more commonly in women and tend to be larger and more vascular in women, and growth rate ...
Wang Feng-Ming - - 2011
XBP1 (X-box-binding protein 1) is a key modulator of the UPR (unfolded protein response), which is involved in a wide range of pathological and physiological processes. The mRNA encoding the active spliced form of XBP1 (XBP1s) is generated from the unspliced form by IRE1 (inositol-requiring enzyme 1) during the UPR. ...
Powazniak Yanina - - 2011
In this study, the role of 17β-estradiol (E2) in the regulation of von Willebrand factor (VWF) and ADAMTS13 synthesis, storage, and secretion was investigated in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). HUVEC were grown to 80-90% confluence and replaced with fresh medium containing E2 (1 nm) or vehicle for ...
Kang Miran - - 2011
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are known to be involved in the pathogenesis of acute and chronic pancreatitis. The cholecystokinin (CCK) analog cerulein causes pathophysiological, morphological, and biochemical events similar to those observed in human acute pancreatitis. The oxidant-sensitive transcription factor NF-κB plays a critical role in the development of cerulein ...
Yao Ying - - 2011
Apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV overexpression enhances chylomicron (CM) assembly and secretion in newborn swine intestinal epithelial cells by producing larger particles (Lu S, Yao Y, Cheng X, Mitchell S, Leng S, Meng S, Gallagher JW, Shelness GS, Morris GS, Mahan J, Frase S, Mansbach CM, Weinberg RB, Black DD. J Biol ...
Yang Xiaojing - - 2010
The study was conducted to investigate the effect of early feed restriction (ER) on lipid metabolism and mitochondrial function in the liver of broiler chickens. Newly hatched broiler chickens were randomly allocated into control and ER group which was subjected to feed restriction with feed provided on alternate days from ...
Juhasz-Böss Ingolf - - 2011
The role of estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) in pathogenesis of endometriosis remains to be elucidated. In this study, we have examined the expression of the four main ERβ transcript isoforms in human endometrial tissue in women with or without endometriosis. Total RNA was isolated from native endometrial tissue and transcript ...
Chang Kung-Chao - - 2011
The accumulation of viral proteins in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) may cause ER stress responses and lead to either apoptosis or survival depending on the driving signals. The strong expression of latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) cells raises the question whether LMP1-induced ER stress response ...
Yang Hyun - - 2010
Plasma membrane sodium/calcium exchangers are an important component of intracellular calcium homeostasis and electrical conduction. NCKX3 (gene SLC24A3), a potassium-dependent sodium-/calcium exchanger, plays a critical role in the transport of one intracellular calcium and potassium ion across the cell membrane in exchange for four extracellular sodium ions. NCKX3 transcripts are ...
Brüning Ansgar - - 2010
The metastasis-associated gene MTA3 has an important function in invasion and metastasis of human cancer cells. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the expression of this protein in endometrial adenocarcinomas and to analyse potential correlations between this nuclear transcription factor and estrogen receptors in endometrial adenocarcinomas. Additionally, ...
Yang Hyun - - 2010
Plasma membrane sodium/calcium exchangers are an important component of intracellular calcium homeostasis and electrical conduction. NCKX3 (gene SLC24A3), a potassium-dependent sodium-/calcium exchanger, plays a critical role in the transport of one intracellular calcium and potassium ion across the cell membrane in exchange for four extracellular sodium ions. NCKX3 transcripts are ...
Jang Y H - - 2010
Melasma is a commonly acquired symmetrical hypermelanosis on sun-exposed areas of the skin. The development of melasma appears to be associated with increased levels of oestrogen, exposure to sunlight and a genetic predisposition. Several in vitro studies have partially clarified the effects of oestrogen and progesterone on melasma. However, oestrogen ...
Dassen Hellen - - 2010
Olfactomedin-4 (OLFM-4) is an extracellular matrix protein that is highly expressed in human endometrium. We have examined the regulation and function of OLFM-4 in normal endometrium and in cases of endometriosis and endometrial cancer. OLFM-4 expression levels are highest in proliferative-phase endometrium, and 17β-estradiol up-regulates OLFM-4 mRNA in endometrial explant ...
Lee Chia-Hwa - - 2011
The primary aim of this study was to elucidate the role of the estrogen receptor (ER), a transcription factor involved in the nicotine- and 17β-estradiol (E2)-mediated up-regulation of α9-nAChR gene expression. A real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was used to quantify the α9-nAChR mRNA expression levels of surgically isolated ...
Monje L - - 2010
This study examines the effects of neonatal exposure to the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA) on the neural network that controls estrous cyclicity. From postnatal day 1 (PND1) to PND7, female pups were injected with vehicle (control) or BPA (BPA.05: 0.05mg/kg-d, BPA20: 20mg/kg-d). At PND100 BPA.05-females showed alterations in estrous ...
Huh Won Jae - - 2010
The transition of gastric epithelial mucous neck cells (NCs) to digestive enzyme-secreting zymogenic cells (ZCs) involves an increase in rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and formation of many large secretory vesicles. The transcription factor MIST1 is required for granulogenesis of ZCs. The transcription factor XBP1 binds the Mist1 promoter and induces ...
Duckles S P - - 2011
Investigation of oestrogen action reveals a multitude of diverse effects. This brief review focuses on the impact of oestrogen on the vasculature, with particular emphasis on the cerebral circulation. Three major actions of oestrogen are discussed: enhancement of vasodilator capacity, suppression of vascular inflammation and increase in mitochondrial efficiency. In ...
Mullen Thomas D - - 2011
Mammalian ceramide synthases 1 to 6 (CerS1-6) generate Cer in an acyl-CoA-dependent manner, and expression of individual CerS has been shown to enhance the synthesis of ceramides with particular acyl chain lengths. However, the contribution of each CerS to steady-state levels of specific Cer species has not been evaluated. We ...
Shimasaki Shogo - - 2010
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in a wide range of pathological conditions including neurodegenerative disorders, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, inflammation, and infection. The ability of ER stress to induce an inflammatory response is considered to play a role in the pathogenesis of these diseases. However, its role in regulating the ...
Cerqua Cristina C Dulbecco-Telethon Institute, Venetian Institute of Molecular Medicine, Padova, - - 2010
Trichoplein/mitostatin (TpMs) is a keratin-binding protein that partly colocalizes with mitochondria and is often downregulated in epithelial cancers, but its function remains unclear. In this study, we report that TpMs regulates the tethering between mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in a Mitofusin 2 (Mfn2)-dependent manner. Subcellular fractionation and immunostaining show ...
Mori Hiroko - - 2010
There is well-established evidence in many mammalian species for effects of the intrauterine position (IUP) (the sex-specific positioning of the embryo) on postnatal brain function and behavior. We found that the IUP affects estrogen receptor (ER)α expression in adult female rats in the ventrolateral region of the hypothalamic ventromedial nucleus ...
Moriyama Kengo - - 2010
The A2A and A2B adenosine receptors (A2AR and A2BR) are implicated in many physiological processes. However, the mechanisms of their intracellular maturation and trafficking are poorly understood. In comparative studies of A2AR versus A2BR expression in transfected cells, we noticed that the levels of cell surface expression of A2BR were ...
Kaushik Mahesh C - - 2010
Modulation of the testis-pituitary axis has direct relevance to the expression of androgen and estrogen receptors. Androgen receptor (AR) and estrogen receptor (ERα) expression during hypospermatogenesis after chronic estrogen administration to rats was studied in the adult testis and pituitary utilizing immunohistochemistry, western blotting, and RT-PCR. Both organs demonstrated higher ...
Jang Young Yun - - 2010
The highly developed endoplasmic reticulum (ER) structure in pancreatic beta cells is heavily involved in insulin biosynthesis. Thus, any perturbation in ER function inevitably impacts insulin biosynthesis. Recent studies showed that the expression of tribbles-related protein 3 (TRB3), a mammalian homolog of Drosophilia tribbles, in various cell types is induced ...
Watson Carol - - 2010
Various studies in cell lines have previously demonstrated that sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK-1/2) interact in an estrogen receptor (ER)-dependent manner to influence both breast cancer cell growth and migration. A cohort of 304 ER-positive breast cancer patients was used to investigate the prognostic significance ...
Ennen S - - 2011
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the hormonal profiles, histology of the vagina and biomolecular analysis of connective tissue of ewes with and without vaginal prolapse. Blood samples from the jugular vein and biopsies of the vaginal tissue were taken from five late term pregnant, unaffected animals, ...
Goodall Jane C - - 2010
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response detects malfunctions in cellular physiology, and microbial pattern recognition receptors recognize external threats posed by infectious agents. This study has investigated whether proinflammatory cytokine expression by monocyte-derived dendritic cells is affected by the induction of ER stress. Activation of ER stress, in combination with ...
Daniel Andrea R - - 2010
Progesterone receptors (PRs) are critical regulators of mammary gland development and contributors to breast cancer progression. Posttranslational modifications of PR have been shown to alter hormone responsiveness. Site-directed mutagenesis demonstrated that upon hormone binding, PR is acetylated at the consensus sequence, KXKK (amino acids 638-641), located within the hinge region. ...
Ramos Isabela B - - 2011
This study reports the cloning, expression analysis and localization of calreticulin (CRT) in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) during late oogenesis and early embryogenesis of the insect Rhodnius prolixus. CRT was cloned and sequenced from cDNA extracted from unfertilized eggs. Real-time PCR showed that CRT expression remains at lower levels during ...
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