Search Results
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Kalin Tanya V - - 2006
The proliferation-specific Forkhead Box M1 (FoxM1 or FoxM1b) transcription factor is overexpressed in a number of aggressive human carcinomas. Mouse hepatocytes deficient in FoxM1 fail to proliferate and are highly resistant to developing carcinogen-induced liver tumors. We previously developed a transgenic (TG) mouse line in which the ubiquitous Rosa26 promoter ...
Cao X - - 2006
Hormones acting through G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can cause androgen-independent activation of androgen receptor (AR) in prostate cancer cells. Regulators of G-protein signaling (RGS) proteins, through their GTPase activating protein (GAP) activities, inhibit GPCR-mediated signaling by inactivating G proteins. Here, we identified RGS2 as a gene specifically downregulated in androgen-independent ...
Quayle Steven N - - 2006
The transmembrane protein TMEFF2, also known as tomoregulin or TENB2, has been proposed as a potential immunotherapeutic target for the treatment of prostate cancer. Much attention has focused on its limited tissue distribution, with strong expression seen only in the brain and the prostate. Here we describe the identification of ...
Penning Trevor M - - 2006
Human aldo-keto reductases (AKR) of the 1A, 1B, 1C and 1D subfamilies are involved in the pre-receptor regulation of nuclear (steroid hormone and orphan) receptors by regulating the local concentrations of their lipophilic ligands. AKR1C3 is one of the most interesting isoforms. It was cloned from human prostate and the ...
Laier Peter - - 2006
The fungicide prochloraz has got multiple mechanisms of action that may influence the demasculinizing and reproductive toxic effects of the compound. In the present study, Wistar rats were dosed perinatally with prochloraz (50 and 150 mg/kg/day) from gestational day (GD) 7 to postnatal day (PND) 16. Caesarian sections were performed ...
Li Zhe - - 2006
NEU (ERBB2) and other members of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family have been implicated in human prostate cancer (CAP) development and progression to an androgen-independent state, but the extent of involvement and precise role of this signaling pathway remain unclear. To begin addressing such open questions in an ...
Linda Dawson
Prostate cancer is a frequently diagnosed malignancy which ranges from an indolent asymptomatic tumour to an aggressive, rapidly lethal systemic disease. Determination of chromosomal, genetic and epigenetic alterations associated with prostate carcinogenesis have led to the characterisation of functional consequences of these alterations, thereby elucidating pathways contributing to malignant growth ...
Takahashi Yoko - - 2006
This study examined the mechanisms by which the prostate cancer chemopreventive agent genistein modulates gene expression in LNCaP human prostate cancer cells. Expression of androgen- and estrogen-regulated genes was measured in LNCaP cells cultured in the presence or absence of hormonal stimulation and the presence or absence of genistein. Genistein ...
Yin Hong - - 2006
BACKGROUND: C/EBPalpha is a transcription factor essential for terminal differentiation of several cell types. It has not known if C/EBPalpha protein is expressed and functions in the prostate gland. METHODS: The presence of C/EBPalpha in normal and cancerous prostate epithelium was examined by immunochemistry. Over expression of C/EBPalpha in LNCaP ...
Fowler Marcie - - 2006
The RUNX transcription factors (RUNX1, RUNX2, and RUNX3) play essential roles in hematopoiesis and skeletal development. Consistent with these roles in differentiation and cell cycle, the activity of both RUNX1 and RUNX3 is perturbed in cancer. To determine a role for the RUNX factors in prostate biology, we investigated the ...
Hannema Sabine E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Wolffian ducts (WDs) are the embryonic precursors of the male reproductive tract. Their development is induced by testosterone, which interacts with the androgen receptor (AR). The molecular pathways underlying androgen-dependent WD development are largely unknown. We aimed to identify AR target genes important in this process. METHODS: RNA was ...
Libertini Stephen J - - 2006
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of E2F/RB in androgen independent proliferation, differentiation, and sensitivity to apoptotic stimuli of LNCaP prostate cancer cells. METHODS: The effects of E2F1 overexpression on androgen independent proliferation, differentiation, and apoptotic responses was assessed by flow cytometry, Western blot analysis and staining of nuclei. ...
Boulbès Delphine - - 2006
AIMS: BPH is characterized by uncontrolled proliferation and increased contractility of prostatic smooth muscle cells. The activation of alpha1-adrenoceptors (alpha1-AR) seems involved in the latter event, but the lack of in vitro models expressing these receptors has hampered a more specific characterization of their role. In order to do so, ...
Simmons Steven O - - 2006
Nkx3.1 is a homeodomain-containing transcription factor that is expressed early in the development of the prostate gland and is believed to play an important role in the differentiation of prostatic epithelia. Loss of Nkx3.1 protein expression is often an early event in prostate tumorigenesis, and the abundance of Nkx3.1-negative epithelial ...
Azzi L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: It is generally believed that the sebaceous gland is an intracrine organ which synthesizes its own active hormones to meet its local needs. OBJECTIVES: To understand further the mechanisms of sex steroid action in mouse sebaceous glands. METHODS: We have used immunocytochemistry to examine the expression of oestrogen receptor ...
Shi Yan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of potential downstream targets of HER-2/neu, including the cell-cycle regulator p27, proliferation-associated protein Ki-67, apoptosis inhibitor Bcl-2, and signal-transduction molecule Akt (which is associated with cell survival), as the development of androgen-independent prostate cancer (AIPC) in patients who are initially responsive to androgen-ablation therapy (AAT) ...
Fonfria Elena - - 2006
Eight members of the TRP-melastatin (TRPM) subfamily have been identified, whose physiological functions and distribution are poorly characterized. Although tissue expression and distribution patterns have been reported for individual TRPM channels, comparisons between individual studies are not possible because of variations in analysis techniques and tissue selection. We report here ...
Jiang Bing-Hua - - 2006
The amide class compound, 3, 4-dichloropropionanilide (DCPA) is known to affect multiple signaling pathways in lymphocyte and macrophage including the inhibition of NF-kappaB ability. However, little is known about the effect of DCPA in cancer cells. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) regulates the expression of many genes including vascular endothelial growth ...
Diss J K J JK Medical Molecular Biology Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK. - - 2006
Neuroendocrine differentiation has been associated with prostate cancer (CaP). Brn-3a (short isoform) and Brn-3c, transcriptional controllers of neuronal differentiation, were readily detectable in human CaP both in vitro and in vivo. Brn-3a expression, but not Brn-3c, was significantly upregulated in >50% of tumours. Furthermore, overexpression of this transcription factor in ...
Beliakoff Jason J Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, - - 2006
The androgen receptor (AR) plays a critical role in male sexual development and in normal and malignant prostate cell growth and survival. It has been shown that AR transcriptional activation is regulated through interactions with a variety of transcriptional co-regulators. The Protein Inhibitors of Activated STATs (PIAS) are transcriptional co-regulators, ...
Zhang Tian-Jiao - - 2006
To identify genes and pathways not previously implicated in the mesenchymal-epithelial (M/E) interactions that are critical for normal mouse prostate development, we constructed six serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) libraries. Bioinformatic analyses revealed expression of various members of numerous signalling pathways and the differential expression of several members of ...
Heitzer, Marjet Danteel
Hydrogen peroxide inducible clone-5/Androgen Receptor Activator 55 (Hic-5/ARA55) is a group III LIM domain protein that functions at focal adhesion complexes as well as in the nucleus as a nuclear receptor coactivator. Because the interaction of the androgen receptor (AR) with Hic-5/ARA55 results in enhanced androgen-induced transcription, we analyzed Hic-5/ARA55 ...
Weng Jinsheng - - 2005
PSGR is a newly identified human prostate tissue-specific gene belonging to the G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) family. Overexpression of PSGR is associated with human prostate intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) and prostate tumors, suggesting PSGR may play an important role in early prostate cancer development and progression. To understand the regulation of ...
Loberg Robert D - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Membrane-bound complement regulatory proteins (mCRPs) are ubiquitously expressed throughout the cells of the hematopoietic system and protect host cells from complement-mediated lysis. The expression and functionality of mCRPs have been demonstrated in several types of cancers; however, no clear correlation has been appreciated between tumor stage and mCRP expression. ...
Attar Mayssa - - 2005
PURPOSE: Cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) is an enzyme of paramount importance to drug metabolism. The expression and activity of CYP3A, an enzyme responsible for active androgen clearance, was investigated in the rabbit lacrimal gland. METHODS: Analysis of CYP3A expression and activity was performed on lacrimal gland tissues obtained from naïve ...
Wang Yong - - 2005
AIM: To explore the effect of androgen receptor (AR) on the expression of the cell cycle-related genes, such as CDKN1A and BTG1, in prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. METHODS: After AR antagonist flutamide treatment and confirmation of its effect by phase contrast microscope and flow cytometry, the differential expression of ...
El Chami Nisrine - - 2005
The proto-oncoprotein Cbl is known to control several signaling processes. It is highly expressed in the testis, and because spermatogenesis is androgen dependent, we investigated the androgen dependency expression of Cbl through its testicular sub-localization and its expression levels in rats that were exposed to the antiandrogen flutamide or were ...
Lou Yan-Ru YR Department of Anatomy Medical School, FIN-33014 University of Tampere, Finland. - - 2005
25-Hydroxyvitamin D(3)-24-hydroxylase (24-hydroxylase) is an important inactivating enzyme and its expression is induced by 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD3) and 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha,25-(OH)2D3) through action of heterodimers of vitamin D receptor (VDR) and retinoid X receptor (RXR). RXRs also act as heterodimer partners for retinoic acid receptors (RARs), mediating the action of ...
Barboro Paola - - 2005
Different lines of evidence suggest that the nuclear matrix (NM), the protein scaffold of the nucleus, represents a functional unit playing a pivotal role in the spatial and temporal coordination of the events of gene activation. Any change in the gene expression pattern, which occurs during carcinogenesis, may partially depend ...
Shariat Shahrokh F - - 2005
PURPOSE: We assessed the differential expression of survivin and other apoptotic markers in stromal and epithelial compartments of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and normal prostate tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining for survivin, and transforming growth factor-beta1 and its receptors was done in normal prostate and BPH areas from 114 ...
Shapiro Ellen - - 2005
PURPOSE: We examined the immunolocalization of estrogen receptor (ER)alpha and ERbeta in the human fetal prostate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tissue sections from human fetal prostates at 7 to 22 weeks of gestation were stained with antibodies to ERalpha, ERbeta, and cytokeratin 10 and 14. RESULTS: ERalpha expression was not detected ...
Gassler N - - 2005
AIM: Fatty acid metabolism of the endometrium is important for tissue homeostasis in the proliferative and secretory phase of the menstrual cycle. The enzyme acyl-CoA synthetase 5 (ACS5) plays a crucial role in fatty acid metabolism, mainly through the generation of multifunctional long-chain-fatty-acid-CoA esters. The aim of the present study ...
Lin Jau-Chen - - 2005
PURPOSE: The inhibitor of differentiation-1 protein (Id-1) is over expressed in multidrug resistance prostate cancer cells. We determined the effect of Id-1 expression and its underlying pathways on the development of multidrug resistance in prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AT3 cells were transfected with the Id-1 gene or a blank ...
Jiang Jiahua - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an age-dependent prostatic disease in human males and dogs. The prostatic stromal estrogen level of health control and BPH patients increases significantly with age, while the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) level is not connected with age. Moreover, experimentally estrogens have induced BPH in the presence of ...
Sidiropoulos Michael - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The human kallikrein 10 (KLK10)/normal epithelial cell-specific-1 (NES1) gene is highly expressed in normal mammary, ovary and prostate cells, but its expression is dramatically decreased in cancer cell lines. Recently, it has been shown that CpG island hypermethylation of the KLK10 gene is responsible for the tumor-specific loss of ...
Nalbandian Ang?le - - 2005
The expression of the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) is diminished in epithelial cells during progression of prostate cancer in vivo and in vitro. Previous studies have demonstrated a role for p75NTR as a tumor suppressor in prostate growth. To better understand the molecular mechanism of p75(NTR) on tumor suppression, we ...
Tenta R - - 2005
Bone metastasis microenvironment-related growth factors such as insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta1), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) show survival factor activity, thereby inhibiting chemotherapy-induced apoptosis of PC-3 prostate cancer cells in vitro. Recently, zoledronic acid has been shown to induce ...
Polytarchou Christos - - 2005
It is becoming increasingly recognized that hydrogen peroxide (HP) plays a role in cell proliferation and migration. In the present study we found that exogenous HP significantly induced human prostate cancer LNCaP cell proliferation and migration. Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) seems to be involved in the stimulatory effect of ...
Bellemare Véronique - - 2006
3alpha-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase catalyzes the transformation of 3-ketosteroids into 3alpha-hydroxysteroids, thus playing an important role in androgen and progesterone metabolism. So far, mouse cDNA and gene encoding 3alpha-HSD has not been reported. In this report, we describe the isolation of a mouse 3alpha-HSD cDNA and the characterization of its substrate specificity ...
Quinkler Marcus - - 2005
Rodents studies suggest that androgens are involved in sex-specific differences in blood pressure. In humans, there is no difference in blood pressure between boys and girls, but after puberty, blood pressure increases more in men than in women. We investigated androgen-dependent regulation of the alpha-subunit of the epithelial sodium channel ...
Teixidó N - - 2006
The kidney androgen-regulated protein (KAP) gene is exclusively expressed in proximal tubules of mouse kidney and in the uterus of pregnant females before they give birth. It displays an exquisite and differential regulation of expression by steroid and thyroid hormones (THs) in different proximal tubule segments. Whereas the pars recta ...
Lee Peng - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Androgens have been implicated in androgenic alopecia as evidenced by the increased cutaneous expression of androgen receptor (AR), 5alpha-reductase, and decreased aromatase. Abnormalities of the AR-signal transduction pathway probably participate in the development of androgenic alopecia. ARA70/ELE1 is an AR coactivator with two isoforms, one full-length form (ARA70alpha/ELE1alpha), and ...
Veveris-Lowe T L - - 2005
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and the related kallikrein family of serine proteases are current or emerging biomarkers for prostate cancer detection and progression. Kallikrein 4 (KLK4/hK4) is of particular interest, as KLK4 mRNA has been shown to be elevated in prostate cancer. In this study, we now show that the comparative ...
Schwarzer Rolf - - 2006
We have identified TRB3, a human homologue of Drosophila tribbles, as a novel transcriptional target of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase. TRB3 expression is remarkably reduced in prostate cancer PC-3 cells after inhibition of PI 3-kinase. TRB3 expression is furthermore controlled by nutrient supplies: Both the lack of glucose or amino acids ...
Adegbola Onikepe - - 2005
We have previously shown pp32 and the retinoblastoma protein interact. pp32 and the retinoblastoma protein are nuclear receptor transcriptional coregulators: the retinoblastoma protein is a coactivator for androgen receptor, the major regulator of prostate cancer growth, while pp32, which is highly expressed in prostate cancer, is a corepressor of the ...
Tucker Jody M - - 2005
Estramustine administered orally as estramustine phosphate (EMP) remains a major tool in hormone refractory prostate cancer chemotherapy. The presence of estramustine binding protein, prostatin, in prostate tissue may be a determinant of response to treatment. Lipophilins are secretory proteins with homology to prostatin. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was performed to ...
Li Jinping - - 2005
Androgen ablation therapy is eventually followed by a more metastatic and androgen-refractory stage of prostate cancer. The detailed molecular mechanism of this gradual transition is not clearly understood. Recent reports correlate the high abundance of vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) to the lymph node metastasis seen in human prostate cancer ...
Oxford Gary - - 2005
The Ral family of small G proteins has been implicated in tumorigenesis, invasion, and metastasis. However, little emphasis has been placed on clarifying the individual roles of the two Ral proteins, RalA and RalB, in these processes in view of their high sequence homology. Here we analyze the separate contributions ...
Yang Lin - - 2005
The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway plays important roles for prostate cancer cell survival, and the androgen receptor (AR) plays essential roles for prostate cancer cell proliferation. How these two signals cooperate to control cell growth and death, however, remains unclear and debated. Here we provide the first linkage by the ...
Shukla Sanjeev - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cancer progression is usually facilitated by independent growth signals that may lead to increased cell survival and evasion of apoptosis. Phosphatidylinositol 3'-OH kinase (P I3 K)-Akt and transcription factor NF-kappaB are important signaling molecules and key survival factors involved in the control of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and oncogenesis. Although ...
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