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Iwamoto Kazumasa K Department of Dermatology, Integrated Health Sciences, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, - - 2014
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) presents as severe angioedema, which is mostly due to the C1 inhibitor (C1-INH) gene mutations. Environmental factors, minor trauma and oral contraceptives have been reported to induce angioedema attack, but the trigger may often be uncertain. Activated factor XII controlled by C1-INH facilitates bradykinin generation and also ...
Swoboda Stefanie S Pharmacy Department of the University Hospital of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of GPIIb/IIIa inhibition with eptifibatide and tirofiban on the expression of cellular adhesion molecules on monocytes at different temperatures. Materials and Methods: Circulation of blood from six volunteers was performed in an extracorporal circulation model at 36°C and ...
Patel Chintan C Vascular Biology Center, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, Georgia; Vision Discovery Institute, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, Georgia; VA Medical Center, Augusta, Georgia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Retinopathy of prematurity adversely affects premature infants because of oxygen-induced damage of the immature retinal vasculature, resulting in pathological neovascularization (NV). Our pilot studies using the mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) indicated that several angiogenic mediators, including vasoactive endothelins and endothelin receptor (EDNR) A, are highly increased. We hypothesized ...
Ahmad Rasheed R Immunology & Innovative Cell therapy Unit, Dasman Diabetes Institute, Kuwait, - - 2014
Background: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is known to be implicated in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory disorders. FSL-1 (fibroblast-stimulating lipopeptide-1) induces cytokine production by monocytes/macrophages. However, it is unclear whether FSL-1 is also able to induce MMP-9 production. Herein, we determined whether FSL-1 could induce MMP-9 production, and if so, which ...
Eigsti Renee L RL University of Iowa, United - - 2014
Circulating monocytes recruited to tissues can differentiate into macrophages and adopt unique gene expression programs in response to environmental cues. We recently described the regulated expression of several microRNAs (miRNAs) in polarized human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs). Basal expression of these activation-associated miRNAs was low in monocytes relative to MDMs. As ...
Dias José M JM Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, 171 77, - - 2014
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) secreted by the dorsal neural tube and overlying ectoderm are key signals for the specification of the roof plate and dorsal interneuron populations. However, the signals that confer nonneurogenic character to the roof plate region are largely unknown. We report that the roof plate region shows ...
Li Xueling X From the Institute for Translational - - 2014
Modulators (Ms) are proteins that modify the activity of transcription factors (TFs) and influence expression of their target genes (TGs). To discover modulators of NF-κB/RelA, we first identified 365 NF-κB/RelA-binding proteins using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). We used a probabilistic model to infer 8349 (M, NF-κB/RelA, TG) triplets and ...
Zhou Cheng-Hua CH School of Pharmacy, Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou, - - 2014
Recently, salusin-β has been reported to have pro-atherosclerotic effects, but salusin-α has anti-atherosclerotic effects. Our previous study has shown that salusin-β but not salusin-α promotes vascular inflammation in apoE-deficient mice. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we observed the effect of salusins on inflammatory responses and the ...
González-Barriga Anchel - - 2013
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is caused by DM protein kinase (DMPK) transcripts containing an expanded (CUG)n repeat. Antisense oligonucleotide (AON)-mediated suppression of these mutant RNAs is considered a promising therapeutic strategy for this severe disorder. Earlier, we identified a 2'-O-methyl (2'-OMe) phosphorothioate (PT)-modified (CAG)7 oligo (PS58), which selectively silences ...
Galka-Marciniak Paulina - - 2012
Abstract Tandem repeats of various trinucleotide motifs are frequent entities in transcripts, and RNA structures formed by these sequences depend on the motif type and number of reiterations. The functions performed by normal triplet repeats in transcripts are poorly understood, but abnormally expanded repeats of certain types trigger pathogenesis in ...
Lattke Michael - - 2012
Hydrocephalus formation is a frequent complication of neuropathological insults associated with neuroinflammation. However, the mechanistic role of neuroinflammation in hydrocephalus development is unclear. We have investigated the function of the proinflammatory acting inhibitor of κB kinase (IKK)/nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling system in neuroinflammatory processes and generated a novel mouse ...
Toyokura Koichi - - 2012
Adaxial-abaxial patterning in lateral organ development is important for proper tissue differentiation and the entire shape of the organs. Although many transcriptional regulators are known to be involved in adaxial-abaxial patterning, the molecular mechanisms of the initial step of adaxial-abaxial polarity formation are still unclear. To determine these mechanisms, we ...
Park Edmond Changkyun - - 2012
Microtubules are a component of the cytoskeleton and are important for maintaining cell structure and providing platforms for intracellular transport in diverse cellular processes. Microtubule plus-end tracking proteins (+TIPs), a structurally and functionally diverse group of proteins, are specifically accumulated in the microtubule plus end and regulate dynamic microtubule behavior. ...
Cheng Wen-Pin - - 2012
PUMA (p53-up-regulated modulator of apoptosis), an apoptosis regulated gene, increased during endoplasmic reticulum stress. However, the expression of PUMA in cardiomyocytes under mechanical stress is little known. We aimed to investigate the regulation mechanism of PUMA expression and apoptosis induced by mechanical stress in cardiomyocytes. Aorta-caval (AV) shunt was performed ...
Liu Nan N Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous noncoding small RNAs with important roles in many biological pathways; their generation and activity are under precise regulation [1-3]. Emerging evidence suggests that miRNA pathways are precisely modulated with controls at the level of transcription [4-8], processing [9-11], and stability [12, 13], with miRNA deregulation linked ...
Haddad Raphaël - - 2012
Polyadenylation is a co-transcriptional process that modifies mRNA 3'-ends in eukaryotes. In yeast, CF IA and CPF constitute the core 3'-end maturation complex. CF IA comprises Rna14p, Rna15p, Pcf11p and Clp1p. CF IA interacts with the C-terminal domain of RNA Pol II largest subunit via Pcf11p which links pre-mRNA 3'-end ...
Chen Wei-Ping - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of trichostatin A (TSA) on expression of cathepsins in cartilage in experimental osteoarthritis (OA). OA was induced in 18 rabbits by bilateral anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT). Four weeks after surgery, rabbits received intra-articular injection with TSA dissolved in the ...
Martins Sandra Bento - - 2011
In the nucleus of higher eukaryotes, maturation of mRNA precursors involves an orderly sequence of transcription-coupled interdependent steps. Transcription is well known to influence splicing, but how splicing may affect transcription remains unclear. Here we show that a splicing mutation that prevents recruitment of spliceosomal snRNPs to nascent transcripts causes ...
Proudfoot Nick J - - 2011
Polyadenylation [poly(A)] signals (PAS) are a defining feature of eukaryotic protein-coding genes. The central sequence motif AAUAAA was identified in the mid-1970s and subsequently shown to require flanking, auxiliary elements for both 3'-end cleavage and polyadenylation of premessenger RNA (pre-mRNA) as well as to promote downstream transcriptional termination. More recent ...
Gautam A - - 2011
Sarcocystis neurona is a two-host coccidian parasite whose complex life cycle progresses through multiple developmental stages differing at morphological and molecular levels. The S. neurona merozoite surface is covered by multiple, related glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked proteins, which are orthologous to the surface antigen (SAG)/SAG1-related sequence (SRS) gene family of Toxoplasma gondii. Expression ...
Chen Wei-Ping - - 2011
Diallyl sulphide (DAS) is known for its antioxidant, anticancer and detoxifying properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of DAS on rabbit articular chondrocytes and cartilage in experimental osteoarthritis (OA) induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT). DAS inhibited matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), MMP-3 and MMP-13 expression ...
Lee David A - - 2011
In vitro models of chondrocyte mechanobiology have been used to compare the intracellular signalling pathways altered in normal and osteoarthritis-affected cartilage. However, differences in the model system and type of loading configuration have led to complicated pathways. This chapter is a follow-on of previous studies from our group utilising 3D ...
Ruepp Marc-David - - 2011
The formation of defined 3(') ends is an important step in the biogenesis of mRNAs. In eukaryotic cells, all mRNA 3(') ends are generated by endonucleolytic cleavage of primary transcripts in reactions that are essentially posttranscriptional. Nevertheless, 3(') end formation is tightly connected to transcription in vivo, and a link ...
Zubo Yan O - - 2011
Transcriptional activity of entire genes in chloroplasts is usually assayed by run-on analyses. To determine not only the overall intensity of transcription of a gene, but also the rate of transcription from a particular promoter, we created the Reverse RNase Protection Assay (RePro): in-organello run-on transcription coupled to RNase protection ...
Coughlan Teresa C TC Department of Infection and Immunity, University of Sheffield Medical School, UK. - - 2010
Aggrecan is one of the two major constituents of articular cartilage, and during diseases such as osteoarthritis (OA) it is subject to degradation by proteolytic enzymes. The primary proteases responsible for aggrecan cleavage are the aggrecanases, identified as members of the ADAMTS family of proteases, which are upregulated in response ...
Iftikhar Mussadiq M Department of Periodontology and Oral Biology, Henry M Goldman School of Dental Medicine, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, - - 2011
The lysyl oxidase family is made up of five members: lysyl oxidase (LOX) and lysyl oxidase-like 1-4 (LOXL1-LOXL4). All members share conserved C-terminal catalytic domains that provide for lysyl oxidase or lysyl oxidase-like enzyme activity; and more divergent propeptide regions. LOX family enzyme activities catalyze the final enzymatic conversion required ...
Wu Guangwen - - 2011
In the present study, we investigated the effect of low-frequency electroacupuncture (EA) on the differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into chondrocytes and the molecular mechanism involved. We isolated BMSCs from Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat bone marrow. Third-generation SD rat BMSCs (P3 BMSCs) were harvested and characterized by flow cytometry ...
Li Xihai - - 2011
Abnormal activation of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in chondrocytes initiates the transcription of inflammatory mediators, promotes their generation and release, and amplifies initial inflammatory signals. This results in the release of chondral matrix-degrading enzymes and accelerates the degeneration of articular cartilage. As a non-pharmaceutical and non-invasive physical therapy regimen, millimeter ...
Cheng Jie - - 2010
Proteoglycan 4 (PRG4) is a multifaceted glycoprotein that mediates boundary lubrication of articular cartilage and its dysregulation is associated with impaired lubrication and cartilage destruction in multiple synovial joints. However, the spatiotemporal expression of PRG4 and the associated regulatory networks remain largely unknown in the mandibular condylar cartilage that is ...
Bendinelli Paola - - 2010
Loss of articular cartilage through injury or disease presents major clinical challenges also because cartilage has very poor regenerative capacity, giving rise to the development of biological approaches. As autologous blood product, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) provides a promising alternative to surgery by promoting safe and natural healing. Here we tested ...
van Lent Peter L - - 2010
The levels of both Fcγ receptor (FcγR) and the alarmins S100A8 and S100A9 are correlated with the development and progression of cartilage destruction during antigen-induced arthritis (AIA). This study was undertaken to study the active involvement of S100A8, S100A9, and S100A8/S100A9 in FcγR regulation in murine macrophages and synovium during ...
Memon Ismail - - 2010
A multitude of signalling cascades are implicated in the homeostasis of articular chondrocytes. However, the identity of these signalling pathways is not fully established. The 3, 5'-cyclic AMP-mediated signalling system is considered to be a prototype. Adenylyl cyclase (AC) is an effector enzyme responsible for the synthesis of cAMP. There ...
Rogerson Fraser M - - 2010
To compare the regulation of aggrecanase messenger RNA (mRNA) and enzyme activity by proinflammatory cytokines in primary mouse chondrocytes. Primary chondrocytes were isolated from knee epiphyses of 6-8-day-old mice and cultured as monolayers. The cells were incubated with tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), oncostatin M (OSM), or interleukin-6 (IL-6)/soluble IL-6 ...
Ge Xian-Peng - - 2011
We have previously reported that interleukin-1β (IL-1β) up-regulates the expression of Wnt-5A and the activation of Wnt-5A signaling induces matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) through the c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway in condylar chondrocytes (CCs) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). These results suggest that Wnt-5A could play an essential role in IL-1β-mediated cartilage ...
Fujita Norifumi - - 2010
SIRT1 has been implicated as a key factor in aging-related diseases. Nevertheless, the role of SIRT1 in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) is still unknown. We examined the expression of SIRT1 in cartilage samples and the effect of SIRT1 inhibition on chondrocyte gene expression changes to elucidate the role of ...
Correa Diego D Department of Oral Medicine, Infection and Immunity, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
In the growth plate, the interplay between parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) and Indian hedgehog (Ihh) signaling tightly regulates chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation during longitudinal bone growth. We found that PTHrP increases the expression of Zfp521, a zinc finger transcriptional coregulator, in prehypertrophic chondrocytes. Mice with chondrocyte-targeted deletion of Zfp521 resembled ...
Chan Serena S Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Irvine, CA, - - 2011
The 3'-ends of almost all eukaryotic mRNAs are formed in a two-step process, an endonucleolytic cleavage followed by polyadenylation (the addition of a poly-adenosine or poly(A) tail). These reactions take place in the pre-mRNA 3' processing complex, a macromolecular machinery that consists of more than 20 proteins. A general framework ...
Sumiyoshi Kumi - - 2010
The process of endochondral ossification is strictly regulated by a variety of extracellular and intracellular factors. Recently, it has become recognized that specific miRNAs are involved in this process by regulating the expression of the relevant genes at the post-transcriptional level. In this present study we obtained the first evidence ...
Chen Wei-Ping - - 2011
Cartilage degradation is one of the pathological changes of osteoarthritis (OA), and accumulating evidence suggests an excess of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) plays a role in this cartilage breakdown. Here, we investigated the effects of chlorogenic acid (CGA) on the mRNA and protein expression of MMPs in interleukin (IL)-1β-induced rabbit chondrocytes ...
Zhang Chi - - 2011
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD) is a juvenile form of ischemic osteonecrosis of the femoral head leading to femoral head deformity and premature osteoarthritis. Femoral head osteonecrosis occurs due to blood supply disruption which results in hypoxic injury to the femoral head. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 α (HIF-1α) is a master regulator of cellular ...
Gosset Marjolaine - - 2010
Joint destruction in arthritis is in part due to the induction of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression and their inhibitors, especially MMP-13 and -3, which directly degrade the cartilage matrix. Although IL-1β is considered as the main catabolic factor involved in MMP-13 and -3 expression, the role of PGE(2) remains controversial. ...
Claassen Horst - - 2010
Clinical observations have suggested a relationship between osteoarthritis and a changed sex-hormone metabolism, especially in menopausal women. This study analyzes the effect of 17β-estradiol on expression of matrix metalloproteinases-1, -3, -13 (MMP-1, -3, -13) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases-1, -2 (TIMP-1, -2) in articular chondrocytes. An imbalance of matrix metalloproteinases ...
Saito T - - 2010
Endochondral ossification, a conversion process from nonvascularized and hypoxic cartilage to highly vascularized bone, plays a crucial role in osteoarthritis (OA) development as well as in physiological skeletal growth. We have shown that hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α, encoded by EPAS1) is an extensive regulator of the endochondal ossification process. Here we ...
Takigawa Yoko - - 2010
Sox9 is an essential transcription factor for chondrogenesis by regulating the expression of chondrogenic genes. However, its regulatory mechanism is not fully understood. To address this, we attempted to identify the transcriptional partners of Sox9 by screening the cDNA library of the chondrogenic cell line ATDC5 using the collagen 2α1 ...
Mikasa Masaki - - 2011
Runx2 plays important roles in the regulation of chondrocyte differentiation and proliferation; however, the Runx2 target molecules still remain to be investigated. We searched the genes upregulated by the introduction of Runx2 into Runx2 (-/-) chondrocytes using microarray and found that Tcf7 is upregulated by Runx2. Thus, we examined the ...
Airik Rannar - - 2010
Congenital ureter anomalies, including hydroureter, affect up to 1% of the newborn children. Despite the prevalence of these developmental abnormalities in young children, the underlying molecular causes are only poorly understood. Here, we show that the high mobility group domain transcription factor Sox9 plays an important role in ureter development ...
Sato Tomoo - - 2011
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 13 is a pathogenic collagenase that causes cartilage destruction and plays a leading role in causing osteoarthritis. This study focused on 114 genes that are differentially expressed between intact and damaged osteoarthritis cartilage, in order to determine which molecules are involved in suppressing MMP-13 expression. MMP-13 concentrations ...
Jeong Claire G - - 2010
Poly(1,8-octanediol-co-citrate) (POC) is a biocompatible, biodegradable elastomer with potential application for soft tissue applications such as cartilage. For chondrogenesis, permeability is a scaffold design target that may influence cartilage regeneration. Scaffold permeability is determined by many factors such as pore shape, pore size, pore interconnectivity, porosity, and so on. Our ...
Tian Meiyu - - 2010
Voltage gated chloride channels (ClCs) play an important role in the regulation of intracellular pH and cell volume homeostasis. Mutations of these genes result in genetic diseases with abnormal bone deformation and body size, indicating that ClCs may have a role in chondrogenesis. In the present study, we isolated chicken ...
Finnson K W KW Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2010
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) plays a critical role in cartilage homeostasis and deregulation of its signalling is implicated in osteoarthritis (OA). TGF-β isoforms signal through a pair of transmembrane serine/threonine kinases known as the type I and type II TGF-β receptors. Endoglin is a TGF-β co-receptor that binds TGF-β with ...
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