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Tembo Dumizulu L DL Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme, College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi; Department of Parasitology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United - - 2014
Plasmodium falciparum is unique among human malarias in its ability to sequester in post-capillary venules of host organs. The main variant antigens implicated are the P. falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1), which can be divided into three major groups (A-C). Our study was a unique examination of sequestered populations ...
Hu W W Department of Biochemistry, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA; Fralin Life Science Institute, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, - - 2014
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, single-stranded small RNAs that have important regulatory functions at the post-transcriptional level. In the present study, we characterize miRNAs in two divergent mosquito species, Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi, through deep sequencing of small RNAs spanning all developmental stages. We discovered eight novel miRNAs in Ae. ...
Cui Liwang L Department of - - 2014
The complicated life cycle of the malaria parasite involves a vertebrate host and a mosquito vector, and translational regulation plays a prominent role in orchestrating the developmental events in the two transition stages: gametocytes and sporozoites. Translational regulation is executed in both global and transcript-specific manners. Plasmodium uses a conserved ...
Goulielmaki Evi E Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology; Foundation of Research and Technology, Hellas Biology Department, University of Crete - - 2014
The ability for tissue invasion is a unique characteristic of the malaria stages that develop/differentiate within the mosquitoes (ookinetes, sporozoites). On the other hand, tissue invasion by many pathogens has been often associated with increased Matrix Metalloprotease (MMP) activity in the invaded tissues. By employing cell biology and reverse genetics ...
Azevedo Mauro F MF Macfarlane Burnet Institute of Medical Research and Public Health, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Drug discovery is a key part of malaria control and eradication strategies, and could benefit from sensitive and affordable assays to quantify parasite growth and to help identify the targets of potential anti-malarial compounds. Bioluminescence, achieved through expression of exogenous luciferases, is a powerful tool that has been applied in ...
Guerreiro Ana - - 2014
Following fertilization, the early proteomes of metazoans are defined by the translation of stored but repressed transcripts; further embryonic development relies on de novo transcription of the zygotic genome. During sexual development of Plasmodium berghei, a rodent model for human malaria species including P. falciparum, the stability of repressed mRNAs ...
Caro Florence F Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, United - - 2014
The characterization of the transcriptome and proteome of Plasmodium falciparum has been a tremendous resource for the understanding of the molecular physiology of this parasite. However, the translational dynamics that link steady-state mRNA with protein levels are not well understood. In this study, we bridge this disconnect by measuring genome-wide ...
Filant Justyna - - 2012
Uterine glands and their secretions are required for conceptus (embryo/fetus and associated placenta) survival and development. In most mammals, uterine gland morphogenesis or adenogenesis is a uniquely postnatal event; however, little is known about the mechanisms governing the developmental event. In sheep, progestin treatment of neonatal ewes permanently ablated differentiation ...
Pandorf Clay E CE Dept. of Physiology and Biophysics, Univ. of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. - - 2012
Postnatal development of fast skeletal muscle is characterized by a transition in expression of myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms, from primarily neonatal MHC at birth to primarily IIb MHC in adults, in a tightly coordinated manner. These isoforms are encoded by distinct genes, which are separated by ∼17 kb on ...
Nanduri Jayasri - - 2012
Recurrent apnea with intermittent hypoxia is a major clinical problem in preterm infants. Recent studies, although limited, showed that adults who were born preterm exhibit increased incidence of sleep-disordered breathing and hypertension, suggesting that apnea of prematurity predisposes to autonomic dysfunction in adulthood. Here, we demonstrate that adult rats that ...
Mazzei Luciana Jorgelina - - 2011
Background/Aims: Unilateral ureteric obstruction (UUO) in neonatal rodents can be used as a paradigm for in utero obstruction in humans and a platform for studying the potential of novel therapies for congenital obstructive nephropathy. The present study examined the effect of rosuvastatin (Ros) on key morphometric measures of renal injury ...
Milesi Mercedes M - - 2011
This study investigates the effects of neonatal exposure to low doses of endosulfan on the expression of proteins regulating uterine development and differentiation. Female pups received vehicle, endosulfan (Endo6: 6μg/kg, Endo600: 600μg/kg) or diethylstilbestrol (DES: 0.2μg/kg) from postnatal day 1 (PND1) to PND7. The uterine expression of estrogen receptor alpha ...
Cao Jinyan J Department of Biology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, - - 2012
Developmental exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA), a component of polycarbonate and epoxy resins, has been purported to adversely impact reproductive function in female rodents. Because neonatal life is a critical window for the sexual dimorphic organization of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, interference with this process could underlie compromised adult reproductive ...
Dietz Jessica A - - 2012
Gene expression profiling of the salivary supernatant is emerging as a new and important source of real-time, systemic, biological information. However, existing technologies prevent RNA extraction of small quantities found in neonatal salivary supernatant. The aim of this study was to develop techniques to enhance extraction of cell-free RNA from ...
Hu Lisong - - 2011
The proteins of high-mobility group box (HmgB) family were involved in the regulation of transcription and other DNA-dependent processes. To investigate the function of HmgB proteins during cotton somatic embryogenesis (SE), four Gossypium hirsutum HmgB genes were characterized. The gene GhHmgB3 preferentially expressed in embryonic tissues and was studied in ...
Yu Dong - - 2011
Selenoprotein W (SelW) is expressed in the immune systems of mammals. However, its pattern of expression in the immune organs of birds is still unclear. To investigate the distribution of SelW and effects of dietary Se levels on the SelW mRNA expression in the immune organs of birds, 1-day-old male ...
Ross John R JR Departments of Pediatrics and Pharmacology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2011
Recently, we demonstrated that mRNA for the neuronal glutamate transporter, excitatory amino acid carrier 1 (EAAC1), is found in dendrites of hippocampal neurons in culture and in dendrites of hippocampal pyramidal cells after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE). We also showed that SE increased the levels of EAAC1 mRNA ~15-fold in ...
Gautrey Hannah - - 2011
Synthesis of selenoproteins such as glutathione peroxidases (GPx) requires a specific tRNA and a stem-loop structure in the 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of the mRNA. A common single nucleotide polymorphism occurs in the GPX4 gene in a region corresponding to the 3'UTR. The two variant 3'UTR sequences were linked to sequences ...
Jeong K H - - 2011
Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) is a transcriptional regulator involved in a broad range of cellular processes. To date, however, the expression of KLF6 in brains with pathophysiological conditions, such as epilepsy, has not been reported. Therefore, the present study investigated the temporal pattern of KLF6 expression in the mouse hippocampus ...
Ma Hui-Ping - - 2011
There has been a strong interest in searching for natural therapies for osteoporosis. Genistein, an isoflavone abundant in soy, and icariin, a prenylated flavonol glycoside isolated from Epimedium Herb, have both been identified to exert beneficial effects in preventing postmenopausal bone loss. However, the relative potency in osteogenesis between the ...
Worm Petra - - 2011
Formate dehydrogenases and hydrogenases contain molybdenum or tungsten and/or selenium. These enzymes are crucial for interspecies formate and hydrogen transfer between propionate degrading Syntrophobacter spp. and methanogenic Methanospirillum spp. Here we used reverse transcription of total RNA followed by quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) with specific primers to get insight into interspecies ...
Rowley Nicole M - - 2011
Seizure activity can alter GABA transporter and osmoprotective gene expression, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. However, the response of the betaine/GABA transporter (BGT1) is unknown. The goal of the present study was to compare the expression of BGT1 mRNA to that of other osmoprotective genes and ...
Sampson Natalie N Institute of Biomedical Aging Research, Austrian Academy of Science, Rennweg 10, Innsbruck, - - 2011
Stromal remodeling, in particular fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation, is a hallmark of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and solid tumors, including prostate cancer (PCa). Increased local production of TGFβ1 is considered the inducing stimulus. Given that stromal remodeling actively promotes BPH/PCa development, there is considerable interest in developing stromal-targeted therapies. Microarray and quantitative ...
Ren Youshe - - 2011
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of selenium on the expression of p34(cdc2) and CyclinB1 (two components of MPF regulating cell cycle) of germ cells of their offspring in goats. A herd of 119 Taihang Black Goats, which was randomly divided into 4 treatments, received experimental ...
Bökenkamp Regina - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e23975 in vol. 6.].
Bielecki Agnieszka - - 2011
To understand the relationship between the role of soy isoflavones and estrogen receptor (ER)-β in colon tumorigenesis, we investigated the cellular effects of soy isoflavones (composed of genistein, daidzein, and glycitein) in DLD-1 human colon adenocarcinoma cells with or without ER-β gene silencing by RNA interference (RNAi). Soy isoflavones decreased ...
Bökenkamp Regina - - 2011
Closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA) at birth is essential for the transition from fetal to postnatal life. Before birth the DA bypasses the uninflated lungs by shunting blood from the pulmonary trunk into the systemic circulation. The molecular mechanism underlying DA closure and degeneration has not been fully elucidated, ...
Ma Hui-Ping - - 2010
There has been a strong interest in searching for natural therapies for osteoporosis. Genistein, an isoflavone abundant in soy, and icariin, a prenylated flavonol glycoside isolated from Epimedium Herb, have both been identified to exert beneficial effects in preventing postmenopausal bone loss. However, the relative potency in osteogenesis between the ...
Figueiredo Cláudia P - - 2010
The glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide receptor (GIPR) has been implicated with neuroplasticity and may be related to epilepsy. GIPR expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry in the hippocampus (HIP) and neocortex (Cx) of rats undergoing pilocarpine induced status epilepticus (Pilo-SE), and in three young male patients with left mesial temporal lobe epilepsy ...
Li Jin-Long - - 2010
Selenoprotein W (SelW) and selenium (Se) plays important roles in gastrointestinal function and that SelW expression in the gastrointestinal system of mammals is sensitive to Se levels. However, little is known about the pattern of SelW expression in the bird gastrointestinal tract. To investigate the distribution of SelW and effects ...
Froyen Erik B - - 2010
Soy protein and isoflavones (genistein and daidzein) have been demonstrated to increase quinone reductase (QR) activity, protein, and mRNA in animal and cell culture models. However, their mechanism of action has not been completely characterized. Additionally, it has not been determined if equol, a daidzein metabolite, can modulate QR activity ...
Oh You-Take - - 2010
Death receptor 5 (DR5) is a death domain-containing transmembrane receptor that triggers apoptosis upon binding to its ligand or when overexpressed. Its expression is induced by certain small molecule drugs, including celecoxib, through mechanisms that have not been fully elucidated. The current study has revealed a novel ERK/ribosomal S6 kinase ...
Kuo Yuan-Sung - - 2010
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is prevalent in south-eastern Asia, particularly southern China, Singapore and Taiwan. The aim of this study was to identify the pivotal genes that may be altered during NPC progression. Using cDNA microarray analysis, we compared the expression of 18 genes between NPC and normal nasomucosal cells. qRT-PCR ...
Tai Tze Chun - - 2010
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) induces the proximal -893 bp of rat phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT) gene promoter in PC12 cells via PACAP type I receptors. Deletion mutation analysis suggested that the initial -392 bp of promoter, containing early growth response protein (Egr-1), specificity protein 1 (Sp1) and activator protein 2 (AP-2) ...
Zhou Qiu Gen - - 2010
Accumulation of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) is prevalent in metabolic syndromes, a condition with impaired preadipocytes differentiation. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that AOPPs disturb preadipocyte differentiation. Exposure of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes to increased levels of AOPPs inhibited accumulation of intracellular triglyceride and decreased the expression of ...
Allen David L - - 2010
We recently demonstrated that mRNA levels of three members of the CCAAT/enhancer binding factor (C/EBP) family of transcription factors are increased in skeletal muscle following 12 days of spaceflight. In the present study, we further explored the expression of C/EBP-δ in atrophying fast skeletal muscle by examining its expression in ...
Zannetti Claudia - - 2010
Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8), which is expressed primarily in myeloid cells, plays a central role in initiating immune responses to viral single-stranded RNA. Despite the great interest in the field of TLR8 research, very little is known in terms of TLR8 biology and its transcriptional regulation. Here, we describe the ...
Jeong Sang Hoon - - 2010
Many epidemiologic studies have pointed to a significant association between cigarette smoking and inflammatory skin disease such as psoriasis. Cigarette smoke induces expression of regulators of inflammation such as interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. It was recently demonstrated that early growth response-1 (Egr-1) transcription factor is ...
Ferrari-Amorotti Giovanna - - 2010
The transcription factor C/EBPα is more potent than C/EBPβ in inducing granulocitic differentiation and inhibiting BCR/ABL-expressing cells. We took a "domain swapping" approach to assess biological effects, modulation of gene expression, and binding to C/EBPα-regulated promoters by wild-type and chimeric C/EBPα/C/EBPβ proteins. Wild-type and N-C/EBPα+ C/EBPβ-DBD induced transcription of the ...
Rotinen Mirja - - 2010
17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (HSD17Bs) are enzymes that stereospecifically reduce or oxidize a keto- or hydroxy group at C17 of the steroid scaffold, respectively. Fourteen mammalian HSD17Bs have been identified so far. We previously described that the HSD17B8 gene is regulated by C/EBPβ in the hepatocarcinoma cell line HepG2. Here, we analyze ...
Shi Xuanming - - 2010
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase-alpha (ACC-alpha) is the rate-limiting enzyme for de novo fatty acid synthesis. Among the four promoters expressing the bovine gene, promoter IA (PIA) is dominantly active and nutritionally regulated in lipogenic tissues. CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins are crucially involved in regulating the activity of this promoter. We examine here, which ...
Jiang Wenxia - - 2010
Cellular uptake of cobalamin (Cbl) is mediated by the transcobalamin receptor (TCblR) that binds and internalizes transcobalamin (TC) saturated with Cbl. These receptors are expressed in actively proliferating cells and are down-regulated in quiescent cells. The 5' region of TCblR gene was analyzed for promoter activity to determine transcriptional regulation ...
Chang Kuo-Wei - - 2010
Curcumin is a common food ingredient derived from the plant Curcuma longa and is a potent drug against tumorigenesis. Both insulin-like growth factor binding protein-5 (IGFBP-5) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPalpha) are suppressors of head and neck carcinogenesis. We identified curcumin as an inducer of IGFBP-5 expression in multiple types ...
Kim Ji Na - - 2010
Tobacco smoking is one of the many factors that contribute to premature skin aging, but the exact mechanism by which smoking induces facial wrinkling is still poorly understood. To investigate the regulatory potential of early growth response-1 (Egr-1) on the premature skin aging by smoking, this study examined the hypothesis ...
Yoo Wonbaek - - 2010
We have previously demonstrated that albumin is directly involved in the formation of cytoplasmic lipid droplets in pancreatic stellate cells and may act as a downstream effector of adipogenic transcription factors, PPAR-gamma and C/EBP-alpha. Here, we investigated the role of albumin in adipocyte differentiation using 3T3-L1 cells. Albumin expression was ...
Shin Soon Young - - 2010
2-Chloro-10-[3(-dimethylamino)propyl]phenothiazinemonohydrochloride (chlorpromazine) is a phenothiazine derivative used clinically to control psychotic disorders. It also exhibits an anticancer activity. Treatment with chlorpromazine (CPZ) results in cell-cycle arrest at the G2/M phase in rat C6 glioma cells. CPZ reduces the expression of cell cycle-related proteins, such as cyclin D1, cyclin A, and ...
Orellana Daniel D Huffington Center on Aging and Department of Pathology and Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, - - 2010
A truncated isoform of C/EBPbeta, C/EBPbeta-LIP, is required for liver proliferation. This isoform is expressed at high levels in proliferating liver and in liver tumors. However, high levels of C/EBPbeta-LIP are also observed in non-proliferating livers during acute phase response (APR). In this paper we present mechanisms by which liver ...
Patel Nitin - - 2010
Leukotrienes, the lipid inflammatory products derived from arachidonic acid, are involved in the pathogenesis of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and reactive airway disease in sickle cell disease. Placenta growth factor (PlGF), elaborated from erythroid cells, increased the mRNA expression of 5-lipoxygenase and 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) in human pulmonary microvascular endothelial ...
Regalo Gonçalo - - 2010
Transcription factors from the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) family are fundamental for the control of differentiation and proliferation of many adult tissues. C/EBP alpha has a crucial role in inducing terminal differentiation and is an established tumor suppressor gene in several cancer models. The objective of this study was to analyze ...
Oh Misook M Department of Internal Medicine Cardiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas 75390, - - 2010
Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) inhibits the protein phosphatase calcineurin and is required for appropriate immune responses, synaptic plasticity, vascular tone, angiogenesis, and cardiac remodeling. Expression of the RCAN1-4 isoform is under the control of the calcineurin-responsive transcription factor NFAT. Typically, NFATs act in cooperation with other transcription factors to ...
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