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Wood John C - - 2010
The trial CICL670AUS04 was a single-arm, open-label study of the cardiac efficacy of 18 months of deferasirox monotherapy [1]. Cardiac response in this study was related to the degree of liver siderosis. Patients with mild to moderate liver siderosis improved their cardiac T2* while more severely siderotic patients did not, ...
Mookadam Farouk - - 2010
In patients with primary hyperoxaluria (PH), oxalate overproduction can result in recurrent urolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis, which in some cases results in a progressive decline in renal function, oxalate retention, and systemic oxalosis involving bone, retina, arterial media, peripheral nerves, skin, and heart. Oxalosis involving the myocardium or conduction system can ...
Chargari Cyrus - - 2011
When focusing on heart disease, most available studies split the two different parts of the adjuvant treatment, i.e., systemic therapies and radiation therapy, making it difficult to implement efficient strategies for preventing treatment-induced cardiac toxicity. This paper reviews the current understanding of treatments-induced cardiac toxicity in a global approach. Many ...
Hamdan Mohamed A - - 2010
Conjoined twins occur at the rate of 1 in 50 to 200,000 live births, and 75% of these share the thorax (thoracopagus) or the thorax and upper abdomen (thoraco-omphalopagus), resulting in cardiac and hepatic sharing. Antenatal diagnosis can delineate the cardiac anatomy and provide parental counseling on whether separation is ...
Thygesen Kristian - - 2010
The release of cardiomyocyte components, i.e. biomarkers, into the bloodstream in higher than usual quantities indicates an ongoing pathological process. Thus, detection of elevated concentrations of cardiac biomarkers in blood is a sign of cardiac injury which could be due to supply-demand imbalance, toxic effects, or haemodynamic stress. It is ...
Wood John C - - 2010
MRI assessment of myocardial iron and function has revolutionized the treatment of thalassemia major patients. While knowledge of somatic iron stores is vital for iron chelation management, it does not adequately monitor cardiac risk. MRI monitoring of cardiac T2* allows preclinical recognition of myocardial iron, stratifies prospective cardiac risk, and ...
Hermans M C E - - 2010
Cardiac disease is a common clinical manifestation of neuromuscular disorders, particularly of muscular dystrophies. Heart muscle cells as well as specialized conducting myocardial fibres may be affected by the dystrophic process. The incidence and nature of cardiac involvement vary with different types of muscular dystrophies. Some mainly lead to myocardial ...
Chi Neil C - - 2010
Electrical cardiac forces have been previously hypothesized to play a significant role in cardiac morphogenesis and remodeling. In response to electrical forces, cultured cardiomyocytes rearrange their cytoskeletal structure and modify their gene expression profile. To translate such in vitro data to the intact heart, we used a collection of zebrafish ...
Jacobs Jill E - - 2010
Accurate interpretation of cardiac computed tomography requires fundamental knowledge of the normal cardiac anatomy and its common variations. This article reviews the normal anatomy of the coronary arteries, cardiac chambers, and cardiac valves.
Naumenko S E - - 2010
Experiments on rats showed that blockade of norepinephrine reuptake in the early reperfusion period after focal myocardial ischemia aggravates myocardial injury and abolishes the protective effect of ischemic preconditioning.
Tamargo Juan - - 2010
Nitric oxide (NO) synthetized by essentially all cardiac cell types plays a key role in the regulation of cardiac function. Recent evidence shows that NO modulates the activity of cardiac ion channels implicated in the genesis of the cardiac action potential and exerts anti-arrhythmic properties under some circumstances. We review ...
Bridgewater Ben - - 2010
AIMS OF THE SCTS ADULT CARDIAC SURGERY DATABASE: To measure the quality of care of adult cardiac surgery in GB and Ireland and provide information for quality improvement and research. Feedback of structured data to hospitals, publication of named hospital and surgeon mortality data, publication of benchmarked activity and risk ...
Johnson Jeremiah - - 2010
Neurogenic stunned myocardium (NSM) is a syndrome of cardiac stunning after a neurological insult. It is commonly observed after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage but is increasingly being reported after other neurological events. The underlying mechanism of NSM is believed to be a hypothalamic-mediated sympathetic surge causing weakened cardiac contractility and even ...
Vorwerk Christiane - - 2010
To determine whether cardiohaemodynamic parameters, using non-invasive thoracic electrical bioimpedance (TEB), can differentiate between cardiac and non-cardiac causes of acute breathlessness in adult emergency department (ED) patients. A prospective cohort study of adult patients who presented with acute breathlessness to the ED of a large urban teaching hospital. Study patients ...
Feng Mary - - 2011
Cardiac toxicity is an important sequela of breast radiotherapy. However, the relationship between dose to cardiac structures and subsequent toxicity has not been well defined, partially due to variations in substructure delineation, which can lead to inconsistent dose reporting and the failure to detect potential correlations. Here we have developed ...
Chien A Jo - - 2010
Importance of the field: Trastuzumab has become a mainstay in the treatment of women with human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)-overexpressing breast cancer in the metastatic and adjuvant settings. Although trastuzumab is generally well tolerated, cardiac toxicity has emerged as a rare but potentially serious complication that limits its use ...
Huang Zhan-Peng - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a large sub-group of small non-coding RNAs, which have been demonstrated to post-transcriptionally regulate the expression of protein-coding genes in a wide-range biological process. miRNAs have been shown to be essential for normal heart development and cardiac function. Recent data suggest that miRNAs are involved in the ...
Sela Gali - - 2010
This chapter explores the adaptive control of cardiac function by the loading conditions and relates the observed phenomena to our theory of the sarcomeric control of contraction. Our theory includes two feedback mechanisms: cooperativity-regulated cross-bridge recruitment and energy consumption, and mechanical feedback that determines the interplay between the external work ...
Dennert Robert M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare form of systemic vasculitis. Previous studies showing cardiac involvement in CSS patients were limited in the number of patients and were often based solely on clinical manifestations. The aim of the present study was to determine in detail the incidence of cardiac involvement ...
Degueldre Sabrina C - - 2010
Cardiac rhabdomyomas are benign cardiac tumours with few cardiac complications, but with a known association to tuberous sclerosis that affects the neurologic outcome of the patients. We have analysed the long-term cardiac and neurological outcomes of patients with cardiac rhabdomyomas in order to allow comprehensive prenatal counselling, basing our findings ...
Cui Y - - 2010
This review updates the knowledge in the research field of cardiac lymphatic vessels by collecting both scientific evidence and hypotheses, including cardiac lymphatic vessel anatomy and lymph flow, the mechanism of cardiac lymphatic pumping, pathological findings and mechanisms of cardiac injury caused by lymph flow impairment, cardiac functional improvement by ...
Kutner Jean S - - 2010
Mrs H is an 86-year-old woman with progressive congestive heart failure and multiple chronic conditions who is experiencing worsening function and quality of life despite maximum medical therapies. She seeks advice regarding control over the circumstances of the end of her life, be it by suicide or under hospice care. ...
Shen C - - 2010
This paper reports on the coupling of ultrasonically guided cardiac probes with wireless transmission of cardiac action potentials for applications in monitoring the 3D electrical onset of ventricular fibrillation. An application specific integrated circuit has been designed with a 40 dB amplifying stage and a frequency modulating oscillator to wirelessly ...
Ryan Davinia - - 2010
We report the case of a 70-year-old man who presented with short-term memory impairment and a homonymous left inferior quadrantanopia secondary to simultaneous bilateral posterior cerebral artery (PCA) territory infarction. As in more than a quarter of cases of PCA infarction, no aetiological cause was identified. Unlike the transient nature ...
Pande S - - 2010
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm which can cause thrombohaemorrhagic complications usually involving microvasculature. Medium-sized arterial thrombosis has been reported, but coronary occlusion usually occurs with additional risk factors, for example, smoking, hyperlipidaemia and so on. We present a case of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a young ...
Marmursztejn Julien - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of immunosuppressive therapy on cardiac abnormalities observed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) in patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS). METHODS: We studied 8 patients with CSS and myocardial involvement on initial CMR images, who underwent follow-up CMRI after 6 months of immunosuppressive therapy. RESULTS: Among ...
Kandan S R - - 2010
A 57-year-old man presented at our institution with central chest pain. Serial ECGs showed dynamic T-wave changes, suggesting the possibility of unstable angina. Urgent coronary angiography revealed an unexpected finding of a radio-opaque lesion seen in the xiphisternal region during screening. Oesophogastroduodenoscopy confirmed this to be a 10p coin. The ...
Trikha Sameer - - 2010
We report a case of a 63-year-old man who received intravenous tenecteplase as thrombolytic therapy for an inferior ST elevation myocardial infarction. Three hours later he complained of blurred vision in the right eye and on examination had sustained a suprachoroidal haemorrhage. With conservative treatment the haemorrhage resolved, leading to ...
Solaro R John - - 2010
This review focuses on recent developments in the molecular mechanisms by which Ca activates cardiac sarcomeres and how these mechanisms play out in the cardiac cycle. I emphasize the role of mechanisms intrinsic to the sarcomeres as significant determinants of systolic elastance and ventricular stiffening during ejection. Data are presented ...
Carter Dan - - 2010
Exposure to acceleration forces (+Gz) and anti-G protective manoeuvres causes changes in cardiac preload and afterload. These changes can result in cardiac hypertrophy or enlargement. Previous studies regarding the effect of acceleration in high-G aviators (HGAs) are few and inconclusive. An echocardiographic study was initiated to determine whether there are ...
Cui Yingjie - - 2010
Although cardiac lymphatic vessels have been described for over three centuries, research progress on the role of cardiac lymphatic vessels in regulating cardiac physiology and their disturbances in the pathogenesis of cardiac disease has progressed very slowly, largely due to technical challenges in developing both animal models and cardiac lymphatic ...
Castilla E - - 2010
Malignant tumours of the heart are a group of tumours with low incidence but very high mortality. Delays in diagnosis are common because of their multiple forms of presentation, and 80% present with metastases, further reducing the possibility for cure. We present here the case of a patient with primary ...
Aiken Marta J - - 2009
Anthracyclines are one of the most commonly used and potent chemotherapeutic agents. Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) is one common anthracycline used to treat many solid tumors including breast, sarcomas, gynecologic and hematological malignancies, such as leukemias and lymphomas. However, its use is often limited due to dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. As a result, patients ...
Chuo Yindar - - 2011
The measurement of human body vibrations as a result of heart beating, simultaneously with cardiac potentials have been demonstrated in past studies to bring additional value to diagnostic cardiology through the detection of irregularities in the mechanical movement of the heart. The equipment currently available to the medical community is ...
Rajić Vladan - - 2009
Anthracyclines have contributed significantly to the increased cure rate in pediatric oncology. Cardiac toxicity is an important late effect after anthracycline treatment and is thought to occur by reactive oxygen species mediated cardiac damage. We hypothesized that deactivating variants of superoxide dismutase II (SOD2) [rs4880 (-9Val > Ala)], catalase (CAT) ...
Galeone Antonella - - 2009
We describe the incidental finding and treatment of a very rare and voluminous cardiac tumour located near to the pulmonary infundibulum. The mass was surgically resected and final diagnosis was hamartoma of mature cardiac myocytes. Postoperative course was uneventful and the patient is asymptomatic after six months of follow-up.
Schwemmer Ulrich - - 2009
Ultrasound is used in anaesthesia for diagnostic and interventional reasons. This article gives the anaesthesiolgoist an overview about the relevant indications for ultrasound in non-cardiac surgical patients. Other chapters will focus in more detail on different aspects of ultrasound use in non-cardiac anaesthesia. Echocardiography is a monitoring tool for cardiac ...
Berridge J C - - 2009
To assess the utility of a relatively simple bedside method of estimating cardiac index during major surgery or in the intensive care unit, we conducted a prospective study in patients undergoing elective cardiac bypass surgery where a pulmonary artery catheter was inserted as part of routine monitoring. The cardiac index ...
Ambrosi Christina M - - 2009
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) allows for the visualization of micron-scale structures within nontransparent biological tissues. For the first time, we demonstrate the use of OCT in identifying components of the cardiac conduction system and other structures in the explanted human heart. Reconstructions of cardiac structures up to 2 mm below ...
Osaki Satoru - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential availability of hearts from adult donation after cardiac death (DCD) donors within an acceptable hypoxic period. We retrospectively reviewed a donor database from the University of Wisconsin Organ Procurement Organization Donor Tracking System between 2004 and 2006. The DCD population ...
Calleja Anna M - - 2009
Uterine leiomyosarcoma metastatic to multiple cardiac chambers occurs infrequently. Over the past 4 decades, there have been only 11 reported cases of cardiac metastasis secondary to uterine leiomyosarcoma. Metastatic cardiac tumors are commonly diagnosed postmortem, although it may be possible to diagnose them during life. The authors report a rare ...
Azim Hamdy - - 2009
HER2 gene plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of 20% of breast cancer patients. At the same time, it is one of the main cardiac survival pathways when subjected to bio-mechanical stress including exposure to anthracyclines. With the emergence of the anti-HER2 targeting agents, concerns raised regarding the potential ...
Jebelli Mohammad - - 2009
A 50-year-old man with a history of left ventricular aneurysmectomy was evaluated with a 64-multislice computed tomogram, which demonstrated left ventricular enlargement and a pseudoaneurysm at the apicolateral side. The images were critical to our management. We resected the pseudoaneurysm with an excellent outcome.
Prins Daniel - - 2009
An understanding of cardiac pathologies and the molecular mechanisms thereof is essential for the development of therapies for cardiovascular disease, a common cause of death in Western societies. Investigations into heart diseases have shown that the endoplasmic reticulum and its diverse functions may lie at the center of many cardiac ...
Johri Amer - - 2009
Primary cardiac lymphomas are rare extranodal lymphomas that should be distinguished from secondary cardiac involvement by disseminated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Cardiac lymphomas often mimic other cardiac neoplasms, including myxomas and angiosarcomas, and often require multimodality cardiac imaging, in combination with endomyocardial biopsy, excisional biopsy or pericardial fluid cytology, to establish a ...
Benchimol-Barbosa Paulo Roberto - - 2010
Cardiac remodeling has been recently investigated in long term follow-up introducing a simple exponential model to describe the time course of cardiac function and dimension changes in Chagas' disease. In the present study, an improved mathematical model to equate time course and cardiac functional changes has been proposed. Present model ...
Wilson Kevin - - 2009
Electrophysiological cardiac data mapping is an essential tool for the study of cardiac rhythm disorders, such as atrial fibrillation. Over the past decade, various advanced cardiac mapping systems have been developed to create detailed cardiac maps and assist physicians in diagnosis and therapy guidance. While these systems have increased the ...
Liu Yang - - 2009
Cardiac myosin is the most abundant and bioactive protein presented in heart tissue. In this work, a simple method was described for preparation of high purity cardiac myosin for further research. With the use of a domestic pig left ventricle as the starting tissue, this method yielded 4.5 mg myosin ...
Chen C - - 2009
Anthracyclines are very potent drugs in the therapy of malignancies in childhood. The major dose limiting adverse effect of these drugs is the risk of dilated cardiomyopathy. We performed a retrospective study on 168 patients who were treated with anthracyclines for a malignant disease with or without chest radiation at ...
Clerico Aldo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The discovery of cardiac natriuretic hormones determined a radical revision of the concept of heart function. It is now clear that the heart is not merely a pump but, through its endocrine function, exerts a nodal role in a complex information network. As a matter of fact the heart ...
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