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Sone Michiyoshi - - 2011
The patient was a 65-year-old man with marked ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterization revealed an occluded middle portion of the left anterior descending artery and no collateral circulation. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was performed, and ST elevation improved 5 days after PCI. Almost all electrocardiogram (ECG) findings were normal 6 ...
de Bruin Gabriela - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Traumatic ventricular septal defect (VSD) occurs in approximately 5% of blunt or penetrating cardiac injuries and can result in rare complications. OBJECTIVES: To report the serious complication of stroke after a traumatic VSD. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old man with no previous medical history presented to the Emergency Department with ...
Gao Fei - - 2011
Salt-loading is an accelerator of hypertensive left ventricular (LV) remodeling. The relationship between salt-loading doses and the time window in which a transition from compensated to decompensated LV hypertrophy occurs in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) is unclear. Eight-week-old male SHR and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) were randomized to receive normal ...
Lampropoulos Konstantinos M - - 2011
Left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is a cardiomyopathy considered to be caused by arrest of normal embryogenesis of the endocardium and myocardium. Echocardiography has been the preferred diagnostic procedure; however, the correct diagnosis is often missed or delayed due to the lack of knowledge about this uncommon disease and its similarities ...
Sansbury Brian E BE Diabetes and Obesity Center, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, - - 2011
During cardiac remodelling, the heart generates higher levels of reactive species; yet an intermediate 'compensatory' stage of hypertrophy is associated with a greater ability to withstand oxidative stress. The mechanisms underlying this protected myocardial phenotype are poorly understood. We examined how a cellular model of hypertrophy deals with electrophilic insults, ...
Lucchinetti E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st> So far, no study has explored the effects of sevoflurane, propofol, and Intralipid on metabolic flux rates of fatty acid oxidation (FOX) and glucose oxidation (GOX) in hearts exposed to ischaemia-reperfusion. METHODS: /st> Isolated paced working rat hearts were exposed to 20 min of ischaemia and 30 min ...
Wang Xin-Bao - - 2011
Sulfur dioxide has recently been found to be produced endogenously in the cardiovascular system and have important positive biological effects. However, it is unknown whether sulfur dioxide preconditioning has a protective effect on rat myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and whether this process involves endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS). In this study, ...
Schwann Thomas A - - 2011
Left ventricular rupture is a highly lethal, but rare, complication of myocardial infarction. We report the first case of a postinfarction, intraoperative left ventricular apical rupture during an off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting due to the application of apical suction used to expose target vessels.
Chary Sowmya - - 2011
A previously healthy, 67-year-old, man with past medical history of myocardial infarction and hypertension was rushed to the emergency room after sudden onset of fever, chills, severe rigors, hypotension, tachycardia and vomiting. The patient was diagnosed as being in septic shock, and investigations revealed intracellular gram-negative bacilli in polymorphonuclear leukocytes ...
Kang Gu Hyun - - 2011
A 77-year-old man visited our hospital complaining of aggravated exertional chest pain. He was diagnosed with syndrome X 7 years ago and underwent medical treatment in a regional hospital. Coronary angiography and echocardiography did not show any significant abnormalities. On the seventh in-hospital day, cardiogenic shock developed and echocardiography showed ...
Winkler B - - 2011
Synovial sarcoma metastasis affecting the heart and infiltrating the mitral valve is a very rare pathology. We report the case of a 44-year-old male treated with chemotherapy for atypical synovial sarcoma of the oral mucosa who presented to our clinic after cardiac decompensation with a presumptive diagnosis of myxoma of ...
Best Thomas H - - 2011
The absence of the pulmonary valve in connection with tricuspid atresia and intact ventricular septum is a rare malformation, associated with a poor prognosis. The right ventricle is severely hypertrophied, resembling a cardiac mass protruding into the left ventricular outflow tract. We report such a case that underwent successful palliation ...
Mital R - - 2011
Antioxidant enzymatic pathways form a critical network that detoxifies ROS in response to myocardial stress or injury. Genetic alteration of the expression levels of individual enzymes has yielded mixed results with regard to attenuating in vivo myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury, an extreme oxidative stress. We hypothesized that overexpression of an antioxidant ...
Cram Alexander R - - 2011
A beat-to-beat variation in the cardiac action potential duration is a phenomenon known as alternans. Alternans has been linked to ventricular fibrillation, and thus the ability to predict the onset of alternans could be clinically beneficial. Theoretically, it has been proposed that the slope of a restitution curve, which relates ...
Ojha Shreesh - - 2011
The cardioprotective potential of Inula racemosa root hydroalcoholic extract against isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction was investigated in rats. The rats treated with isoproterenol (85 mg/kg, s.c.) exhibited myocardial infarction, as evidenced by significant (P < 0.05) decrease in mean arterial pressure, heart rate, contractility, relaxation along with increased left ventricular end ...
Ramani Ravi R Cardiovascular Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. - - 2011
Adenoviral-mediated (AdV-T2) overexpression of TIMP-2 would blunt ventricular remodeling and improve survival in a murine model of chronic ischemic injury. Male mice (n = 124) aged 10-14 weeks underwent either (1) left coronary artery ligation to induce myocardial infarction (MI group, n = 36), (2) myocardial injection of 6 × ...
Aanhaanen Wim T J - - 2011
Ventricular preexcitation, a feature of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, is caused by accessory myocardial pathways that bypass the annulus fibrosus. This condition increases the risk of atrioventricular tachycardia and, in the presence of atrial fibrillation, sudden death. The developmental mechanisms underlying accessory pathway formation are poorly understood but are thought to primarily ...
Zheng Shaoxin - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: Arrhythmia is of concern after cardiac stem cell transplantation in repairing infarcted myocardium. However, whether transplantation improved the ventricular fibrillation threshold and whether severe malignant ventricular arrhythmia is induced in the myocardial infarction model are still unclear. We sought to investigate the electrophysiologic characteristics and ventricular fibrillation threshold in ...
Locher Matthew R - - 2011
Myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms are principal determinants of work capacity in mammalian ventricular myocardium. The ventricles of large mammals including humans normally express ∼10% α-MHC on a predominantly β-MHC background, while in failing human ventricles α-MHC is virtually eliminated, suggesting that low-level α-MHC expression in normal myocardium can accelerate ...
Kitazawa Hitoshi - - 2011
A 74-year-old man without history of ventricular arrhythmias underwent coronary bypass surgery for 3-vessel disease. On the 4th postoperative day, he developed ventricular fibrillation (VF). His monitored ECG showed no elevation of the ST-segment and no prolongation of QT interval, but evolving J waves prior to VF were shown. These ...
Lin Ying-Li - - 2011
Acute myocardial infarction is a life-threatening condition. Coronary dissection after blunt chest trauma is a rare event. Chest pain is a common symptom after chest trauma, which may relate to chest contusion without cardiac injury or myocardial infarction. Differentiation between minor cardiac contusion and significant cardiac injury is difficult and ...
Durante Alessandro - - 2011
We present the case of a 35-year-old man affected by the late juvenile form of galactosialidosis. He was known for a moderate pericardial effusion which remained unchanged in the last 12 months. Last follow-up transthoracic echocardiographic examination showed a bulging of the posterior and lateral wall of the left ventricle. ...
Uçar Ozgül - - 2011
A 58 year-old Caucasian man was admitted to the coronary care unit with angina pectoris. There were deep inverted T waves and ST segment depression at anterior precordial derivations. Coronary angiography revealed widespread coronary artery to left ventricular microfistulae arising from distal portions of both left and right coronary systems. ...
Garciarena Carolina D - - 2011
Background/Aims: Flow restoration to ischemic myocardium reduces infarct size (IS), but it also promotes reperfusion injury. A burst of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and/or NHE-1 reactivation were proposed to explain this injury. Our study was aimed to shed light on this unresolved issue. Methods: Regional infarction (40 min-ischemia/2 hs-reperfusion) was ...
Lampropoulos Konstantinos M - - 2011
Although stents have improved the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary interventions, coronary stent thrombosis remains a serious complication. We present the case of a 64-year-old Caucasian man from Greece, with symptoms and electrocardiographic findings suggestive of acute inferior myocardial infarction, who complained of chest pain and rapidly developed cardiogenic ...
Sakan Hirokazu - - 2011
Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed biventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy with ventricular (VSD) and atrial (ASD) septal defects in an unconscious, 23-year-old hypoxemic man. Doppler echocardiography showed a left-to-right shunt across the VSD and a right-to-left shunt across the ASD. Cardiac catheterization revealed elevated right atrial pressure, although pulmonary pressure was ...
Candilio Luciano - - 2011
A 36-year-old man with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presented with chest pain, infero-lateral ST segment elevation on ECG and elevation of cardiac biomarkers and inflammatory markers. Coronary angiography ruled out obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) but echocardiography showed impairment of regional and global left ventricular (LV) function. He was treated ...
Abe Mayumi - - 2011
A 70-year-old man presented with sudden onset of global aphasia and right hemiplegia. Brain MRI revealed occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery. He was diagnosed as having a hyperacute cerebral infarction. Intravenous thrombolytic therapy was started, and the neurological symptoms were resolved after 11 h. Echocardiography showed a mobile ...
Bromage Daniel Ian - - 2011
Hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury is an important cause of morbidity and mortality following both in- and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Despite significant advances in critical care the only intervention proven to increase survival rates after cardiac arrest is mild hypothermia. The authors present a case describing the use of therapeutic hypothermia after ...
Shaukat Dr Aadil - - 2011
1. ECG No 1 (Figure 1) shows a broad complex irregularly irregular rythum which is consistent with atrial fibrillation. The ventricular rate is very rapid and there is slow upstroke of R wave in the chest leads indicative of pre-excitation.
Yui Hitoshi - - 2011
The aim of this experiment was to establish whether verapamil, nicardipine, and nitroglycerin have (1) infarct size-limiting effects and (2) antiarrhythmic effects in in vivo rabbit hearts during ischemia/reperfusion. Rabbits received regional ischemia by 30 min of left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion followed by 3 hours of reperfusion under ketamine ...
Barrows N D - - 2011
Abstract Grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis) tolerate extended periods of extremely low heart rate during hibernation without developing congestive heart failure or cardiac chamber dilation. Left ventricular atrophy and decreased left ventricular compliance have been reported in this species during hibernation. We evaluated the myocardial response to significantly reduced heart ...
Barai Kushal P - - 2011
A 32 year old man presented to casualty on three occasions in the space of four days, with intermittent, worsening abdominal pain. These symptoms imitated other commoner causes of acute abdomen and the site of onset changed, both factors delaying diagnosis. In due course, computer tomography imaging established findings indicative ...
Attar Muhammad Nadeem - - 2011
Acute aortic dissection is a cardiac emergency which can present as inferior myocardial infarction. It has high morbidity and mortality requiring prompt diagnosis and treatment. Rapid advances in non-invasive imaging have facilitated the early diagnosis of this condition and in ruling out this potentially catastrophic illness. We report an interesting ...
Rubino Antonino S - - 2011
We report the case of an 83-year-old man in whom acute left ventricular failure with ventricular arrhythmic storm developed during a Bentall operation. During re-exploration of the annular and coronary ostial anastomoses, no abnormality was seen, and none of the common sequelae of aortic root replacement was evident. The application ...
Loyalka Pranav - - 2011
A 58-year-old man presented with chest pain and tightness and was diagnosed with a Q-wave anterior myocardial infarction. He then developed pulseless ventricular arrhythmias, which were treated with repeated direct-current shocks and intravenous amiodarone. He underwent emergency cardiac catheterization: stents were deployed in the left anterior descending coronary artery and ...
Letsou George V - - 2011
Left ventricular reconstruction is advocated as a surgical option for patients with severe congestive heart failure. Despite initial enthusiasm for this procedure, reports of long-term results are sparse. Herein, we describe a particularly gratifying case of left ventricular reconstruction in a 43-year-old man, who continues to have excellent left ventricular ...
Regueiro-Purriños Marta - - 2011
Ischemia of the myocardium can lead to reversible or irreversible injury depending on the severity and duration of the preceding ischemia. Here we compared sevoflurane and isoflurane with particular reference to their hemodynamic effects and ability to modify the effects of acute severe myocardial ischemia and reperfusion on ventricular arrhythmias ...
Lanzellotti Davide - - 2011
A 53-year-old man with a high-risk cardiovascular profile presented to the emergency department for a subacute myocardial infarction with signs and symptoms suggesting impending myocardial rupture. The case seemed to be resolved by an early successful surgical intervention. At 6-month follow-up, after repeated cycles of cardiac rehabilitation, the echocardiography revealed ...
Wu Yang - - 2011
The aim of this paper is to investigate whether Shen-fu injection (SFI), a traditional Chinese medicine, could attenuate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury in diabetes. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were randomly assigned to the Sham, I/R, SFI preconditioning, and SFI plus wortmannin (a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor) groups. After the treatment, hearts were ...
Reed Robert B RB - - 2011
With 14 figures SUMMARY: Three reproductively quiescent female emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae) were embalmed with 10% formalin solution. The reproductive tract was dissected and described. The reproductive tract consists of an ovary and oviduct situated on the left side of the abdominal cavity. The left ovary is dark brown to black ...
Zeisberg Elisabeth M - - 2010
Cardiac fibroblasts play a critical role in maintenance of normal cardiac function. They are indispensable for damage control and tissue remodeling on myocardial injury and principal mediators of pathological cardiac remodeling and fibrosis. Despite their manyfold functions, cardiac fibroblasts remain poorly characterized in molecular terms. Evidence is evolving that cardiac ...
Breivik L - - 2011
Short non-lethal ischemic episodes administered to hearts prior to (ischemic preconditioning, IPC) or directly after (ischemic postconditioning, IPost) ischemic events facilitate myocardial protection. Transferring coronary effluent collected during IPC treatment to un-preconditioned recipient hearts protects from lethal ischemic insults. We propose that coronary IPC effluent contains hydrophobic cytoprotective mediators acting ...
Wagner Tobias - - 2010
This pilot study was performed to investigate murmur prevalence and to explore the association between auscultatory and echocardiographic findings in apparently healthy cats in order to design a larger study. Adult cats in 4 rehoming centres were screened by auscultation and echocardiography (echo) over 2 periods of 2 weeks each. ...
Touza Natália Araújo - - 2011
Cardiac glycosides have been extensively used in the treatment of congestive heart failure for more than 200 years. Recently, cardenolides and bufadienolides were isolated from mammalian tissue and are considered as a new class of steroidal hormones. The aim of the present work was to characterize the interaction between the ...
Tadano Naoto - - 2010
Catechins, biologically active polyphenols in green tea, are known to have a protective effect against cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we investigated direct actions of green tea catechins on cardiac muscle function to explore their uses as potential drugs for cardiac muscle disease. The effects of catechins were systematically investigated ...
Kanu Uche B - - 2011
Cardiac electrical alternans, characterized by a beat-to-beat alternation in action potential waveform, is a naturally occurring phenomenon, which can occur at sufficiently fast pacing rates. Its presence has been putatively linked to the onset of cardiac reentry, which is a precursor to ventricular fibrillation. Previous studies have shown that closed-loop ...
Ellis Nadia M J - - 2010
Although immune responses against group A streptococci and the heart have been correlated with antibodies and T cell responses against cardiac myosin, there is no unifying hypothesis about carditis caused globally by many different serotypes. Our study identified disease-specific epitopes of human cardiac myosin in the development of rheumatic carditis ...
Dias D P M - - 2010
The low incidence of cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, in premenopausal women has led to the conclusion that ovarian hormones may have a protective effect on the cardiovascular system. We evaluated the effects of ovariectomy and/or estradiol on sympathovagal balance and heart rate variability (HRV) in female spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) ...
- - 2010
A study conducted by researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center showed that using a cardiac MRI in the ED's observation unit enabled providers to manage most patients without admitting them, resulting in lower cost at the hospital of about $588 per patient. It also allowed diagnosis and prevention ...
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