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Barra Sérgio - - 2013
A 15-year-old girl was admitted to the cardiology outpatient clinic due to mild palpitations and documented incessant slow ventricular tachycardia (VT) with left bundle branch block (LBBB) pattern. The baseline electrocardiogram revealed first-degree atrioventricular block and intraventricular conduction defect. Transthoracic echocardiography showed prominent trabeculae and intertrabecular recesses suggesting left ventricular ...
Vergara Pasquale - - 2013
Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) currently has an important role in the treatment of incessant ventricular tachycardia and reduction of the number of episodes of recurrent ventricular tachycardia. Conventional mapping techniques require ongoing tachycardia and haemodynamic stability during the procedure. However, in many patients with scar-related ventricular tachycardia, non-inducibility ...
Costello John P - - 2013
A full-term male neonate presented with cyanosis upon delivery and was subsequently diagnosed with d-transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect, and restrictive atrial septal defect. Following initiation of intravenous prostaglandins and balloon atrial septostomy, an arterial switch operation was performed on day 3 of life. The postoperative course ...
Buttà Carmelo - - 2013
The common atrioventricular nodal re-entry tachycardia is the most common form of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. It starts frequently with a supraventricular ectopic beat that, on finding the fast pathway in refractory period, travels in the slow pathway as to appear as a prolongation of the PR interval on the ECG. ...
Mentz Robert J - - 2013
A 69-year-old man with advanced heart failure treated with a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device presented for evaluation of dark urine and severe dysphagia. Because of evidence of ongoing intravascular hemolysis with device dysfunction, there was a clinical suspicion for pump thrombosis. He had progressive end-organ dysfunction and was therefore ...
Ali Mehboob - - 2013
A 45 years old male presented to the emergency department with palpitations, headache and apprehension. His electrocardiogram revealed bidirectional ventricular tachycardia. He remained vitally stable and responded to intravenous beta-blocker. Initially digitalis toxicity was suspected but history was negative for digitalis intake. The cause remained unidentified in patient despite detailed ...
Nikitas George - - 2013
We present an image of pseudo-polymorphic ventricular tachycardia recording on a 12-lead surface ECG Holter. Although at first glance the appearance of the recording resembled polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, careful investigation revealed normal electrocardiographic findings.
Watanabe Masaya - - 2013
We describe the case of a 67-year-old woman with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy who underwent successful radiofrequency catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia (VT) originated from the isolated ventricular septal substrate. Pacemapping exhibited either left, identical to clinical VT, or right bundle branch block like wide QRS morphology. Time interval from the ...
Rodrigues Bruno - - 2013
Left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) is now recognized as a distinct form of cardiomyopathy with a clinical presentation and natural history of its own. Common manifestations of LVNC include heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias and embolic events, but serious atrioventricular conduction disturbances are rarely reported in the literature. The authors describe the ...
Mugnai Giacomo - - 2013
We report a case of a 67year old man with a recent history of sporadic chest pain and palpitations. After a normal, maximal stress test he underwent 24-hours Holter monitoring that showed two short periods of huge ST segment elevation associated with non sustained ventricular tachycardia and chest pain, referable ...
Vandenheuvel Michael A - - 2013
The scope of this review is to provide a pathophysiological summary of perioperative right ventricular function and failure. In recent decades, the importance of right ventricular function in the perioperative period has been established. However, much of our current knowledge on the management of this clinical entity is based on ...
Pellegrino Pier Luigi - - 2013
We report the case of a 63-year-old male with episodes of syncope which led to negative neurologic rule-out. One month later, after another episode of syncope, an emergency room ECG showed ventricular tachycardia treated by DC-shock and, after defibrillation, a typical ECG Brugada pattern. After implantation of an internal cardioverter/defibrillator, ...
Achalia Rashmin - - 2013
Typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs are known to block potassium repolarization channels, prolong the QTc interval, and thereby predispose to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. We report a young male schizophrenic patient who experienced clinically significant and symptomatically distressing ventricular premature contractions (VPCs) in close temporal relation with iloperidone (8-16 mg/day) treatment; there ...
Buttà Carmelo - - 2013
The narrow complex tachycardias (NCTs) are defined by the presence in a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) of a QRS complex duration less than 120ms and a heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute; those are typically of supraventricular origin, although rarely narrow complex ventricular tachycardias have been reported in the ...
Namgung June - - 2013
A 41-year-old male was presented with drug-resistant supraventricular tachycardia. Electrophysiological study confirmed that the supraventricular tachycardia was caused by dual atrioventricular nodal pathways and a left lateral accessory pathway (AP). The left lateral AP was resistant to traditional endocardial ablation, but was successfully eliminated by radiofrequency ablation via the intracoronary ...
Letsas Konstantinos P - - 2013
We present a rare case of idiopathic ventricular tachycardia arising from the right ventricular apex. The electrocardiographic and electrophysiological characteristics of this tachycardia are discussed.
Lickfett Lars - - 2013
Cavotricuspid isthmus-dependent atrial flutter (AFL) can occur in a paroxysmal or persistent pattern. The aim of this study was to identify clinical, echocardiographic, and electrophysiological risk factors independently associated with persistence of AFL. Patients of the recently published AURUM 8 study with paroxysmal versus persistent AFL were compared with respect ...
Elizari Marcelo V - - 2013
The so-called 'masquerading' type of right bundle branch block is caused by the simultaneous presence of a high-degree left anterior fascicular block often accompanied with severe left ventricular enlargement and/or fibrotic block in the anterolateral wall of the left ventricle. These conditions tend to reorient the terminal electrical forces of ...
Pareek Manan - - 2013
A previously healthy 29-year-old man was admitted with palpitations, dizziness, and near-syncope after he had recently started taking weight loss pills purchased on the internet. The pills contained caffeine and ephedrine. An electrocardiogram and telemetry revealed multiple episodes of non-sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia, which was successfully treated with amiodarone. In ...
Gavin Andrew R - - 2013
A 45-year old man presents with stable monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. He had previously been diagnosed with idiopathic fascicular ventricular tachycardia. Intravenous flecainide results in termination of his tachycardia but unmasks a latent type 1 Brugada ECG pattern not seen on his resting ECG. We discuss his subsequent management and the ...
Calvo Naiara - - 2013
Idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VA) consist of various subtypes of VA that occur in the absence of clinically apparent structural heart disease. Affected patients account for approximately 10% of all patients referred for evaluation of ventricular tachycardia (VT). Arrhythmias arising from the outflow tract (OT) are the most common subtype of ...
Pitarokoili Kalliopi - - 2013
Autonomic dysfunction is a characteristic of migraine attacks, rarely, even cardiac repolarization abnormalities have been associated with migraine. We report a case of documented ventricular tachycardia during basilar-type migraine attack. The therapeutic implications of such a co-occurrence as well as a possible relationship between ventricular tachycardia and the underlying biology ...
Lorgat F - - 2013
Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) is demanding and time consuming. Robotically controlled catheter ablation reduces operator fatigue and exposure to X-rays, and provides greater precision and stability of the catheter. A new flexible, integrated robotic sheath and ablation catheter has recently been introduced (Lynx(TM)) and used in atrial ablation ...
Li Teng - - 2013
Catheter ablation has been established as a curative treatment strategy for ventricular arrhythmias. The standard procedure of most ventricular arrhythmias originating from the right ventricle is performed via the femoral vein. However, a femoral vein access may not achieve a successful ablation in some patients. We reported a case of ...
Lian-Pin Wu - - 2013
Idiopathic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and ventricular tachycardias (IVTs) originating from the subtricuspid septum and near the His bundle have been reported. However, little is known about the prevalence, distribution, electrocardiographic characteristics and the efficacy of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for the ventricular arrhythmias arising from the right ventricular (RV) ...
Yue-Chun Li - - 2013
Several previous reports have revealed that idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs), including premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) and ventricular tachycardias (IVTs), can originate from endocardial mitral annulus (ENDO MA). However, these data are limited to ENDO MA VAs, and little is known about the electrocardiographic (ECG) characteristics and the efficacy of radiofrequency ...
Honarbakhsh Shohreh S Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, United - - 2013
We report a case of a 67-year old male with a recent diagnosis of left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC), initially presenting with symptomatic ventricular ectopy and runs of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT). This ventricular arrhythmia originated in a structurally normal right ventricle (RV) and was successfully localized and ablated with the ...
Arevalo Hermenegild H Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2013
Ventricular tachycardia, a life-threatening regular and repetitive fast heart rhythm, frequently occurs in the setting of myocardial infarction. Recently, the peri-infarct zones surrounding the necrotic scar (termed gray zones) have been shown to correlate with ventricular tachycardia inducibility. However, it remains unknown how the latter is determined by gray zone ...
Javier García-Fernández F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of ventricular entrainment to differentiate AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) from orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia (ORT) by substracting the corrected postpacing interval (cPPI) from the tachycardia cycle length (TCL) or the ventriculoatrial interval during stimulation (SA) from that during tachycardia (VA) have been widely validated. However, some tachycardias ...
Nishiuchi Suguru - - 2012
A 36-year-old male presented with verapamil-sensitive narrow QRS tachycardia. The patient underwent the catheter ablation of common idiopathic left fascicular ventricular tachycardia (ILVT) 2 years ago. During narrow QRS tachycardia, the diastolic and presystolic potentials (P1 and P2) were recorded at the left septum. Activation sequences of P1 and P2 ...
Kurosaki Kenji - - 2012
Background: Idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF) or polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PVT) arising from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is occasionally observed. The difference in the initial ventricular premature contraction (VPC) between VF/PVT and monomorphic VT (MVT) from the RVOT, however, has not yet been fully investigated. Methods and Results: The electrocardiogram findings ...
Hoffmayer Kurt S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ventricular arrhythmias in ARVD/C and idiopathicVT patients can share a left bundle branch block/inferior axis morphology. We previously reported ECG characteristics during outflow tract ventricular arrhythmias that helped distinguish VT related to ARVD/C from idiopathicVT. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively validate these criteria. METHODS: We ...
Lim Wayland W Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of California (Davis) Medical Center, 4860 Y Street, Sacramento, CA 95817, - - 2012
This report presents a 55-year-old man admitted for respiratory failure, who was found to have a brief run of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PVT) with normal QT interval. The importance of differentiating PVT caused by torsades de pointes and PVT with normal QT interval is emphasized. This distinction is crucial because ...
Wong Michael C G - - 2012
Left Septal Atrial Tachycardias. Objective: The objective was to characterize the electrocardiographic and electrophysiological features of focal atrial tachycardia (FAT) originating from the left septum (LS). Background: FAT is recognized to occur at predefined anatomic locations rather than randomly throughout the atria. We describe the ECG and EP features of ATs ...
Janardhan Ajit H - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to develop a low-energy electrotherapy that terminates ventricular tachycardia (VT) when antitachycardia pacing (ATP) fails. BACKGROUND: High-energy implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shocks are associated with device failure, significant morbidity, and increased mortality. A low-energy alternative to ICD shocks is desirable. METHODS: Myocardial infarction was created in 25 ...
Aziz Peter F - - 2012
Long QT syndrome in the infant with 2:1 atrioventricular block is a malignant form of disease associated with frequent torsade de pointes in some cases. Those patients that do not respond to antiarrhythmic therapy are particularly challenging to manage. Ventricular pacing in this patient population has been shown to reduce ...
Castillo Jesús Castillo - - 2012
Arrhythmia Rounds. A 39-year-old woman with no structural heart disease and frequent episodes of sudden onset palpitations was referred for the electrophysiological study. During the study, a slightly irregular narrow QRS tachycardia with AV dissociation was repeatedly induced and spontaneously terminated. Apparently, irregular cycles and termination of the tachycardia were related ...
Ulus Taner - - 2012
Clinical and electrophysiological features of different initiation patterns of ventricular tachycardia (VT) have been widely studied. At least two different onset patterns of VT have been defined in the studies. Tachycardias, which are preceded by either a single or multiple ventricular ectopic activity, including a short-long-short sequence, are defined as ...
Phlips Thomas - - 2012
We present a case of bundle-branch reentry ventricular tachycardia with RBBB morphology (reverse BBRVT) in a patient with preexisting right bundle-branch block and without apparent structural heart disease.The diagnosis of BBRVT may be very challenging due to the similar wide QRS morphology during tachycardia and in sinus rhythm, rather suggesting ...
Moak Jeffrey P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Junctional ectopic tachycardia complicates the postoperative recovery from open heart surgery in children. The reported risk factors include younger age, prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass times, and administration of inotropic agents. Junctional ectopic tachycardia occurs early after open heart surgery, in the setting of relative postoperative sinus node dysfunction, and exhibits ...
Jimenez-Lopez Jesus - - 2012
Emergency department admissions due to implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shocks constitute an important patient group. The correct evaluation includes a review of system integrity and a careful analysis of stored intracardiac electrograms. We present a patient admitted with a single ICD discharge due to an episode of sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia, ...
Tung Roderick - - 2012
Ablation of cavotricuspid ishtmus flutter and atrial tachycardia in a complex substrate has never been reported using remote navigation via superior approach. Venous access was obtained via right internal jugular for ablation and left subclavian for duodecapolar catheter placement into the coronary sinus. In a posttransplant patient presenting with both ...
Benito Begoña - - 2012
Ventricular arrhythmias are important contributors to morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. Ventricular fibrillation accounts for the majority of deaths occurring in the acute phase of ischemia, whereas sustained, monomorphic ventricular tachycardia due to reentry generated in the scar tissue develops most often in the setting of ...
Zhou Kaiyu - - 2012
Transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD) has been widely used worldwide. Despite of high success rate and minimal operative mortality, arrhythmia during and post operation has been frequently observed. However, sustained ventricular tachycardia following deployment of occluder has not been reported. In this present case, we present one rare ...
Al Mehairi M - - 2013
Typical atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia among adults. The concept of dual pathway physiology remains widely accepted, although this physiology likely results from the functional properties of anisotropic tissue within the triangle of Koch, rather than anatomically distinct tracts of conduction. AVNRT is ...
Van Heuverswyn Frederic E - - 2013
Alternans of the ventricular electrogram (VEGM) during ventricular tachycardia (VT) is a rare cause of ventricular undersensing by an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). This report describes a patient with a St. Jude ICD who exhibited sustained monomorphic VT associated with surface QRS alternans, alternating cycle lengths, alternans of the VEGM causing ...
Deal Barbara J - - 2012
The incidence of atrial arrhythmias following Fontan repairs varies by the type of surgery and duration of follow-up. The incidence of late atrial tachycardia has been reduced from 60% to less than 20% by surgical modifications. Late ventricular tachycardia is reported in 3% to 12% of patients. Aggressive efforts to ...
Nagase Satoshi S Departments of Cardiovascular Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, - - 2014
In several cases with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF), VF was initiated by premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) from the Purkinje system. However, the precise characteristics of the Purkinje activity in patients with idiopathic VF remain unclear. We performed an electrophysiological study in a patient with idiopathic VF and examined the correlation ...
Kandan Sri Raveen - - 2012
An 85-year-old lady presented to our institution following multiple episodes of transient loss of consciousness. Her admission ECG revealed a junctional bradycardia with significant QT prolongation. Telemetry captured a torsades de pointes arrhythmia. Possible offending drugs (digoxin and hydroxychloroquine) were stopped and she was given intravenous magnesium and potassium. Despite ...
Bodalski Robert - - 2012
Mahaim syndrome is still a challenge. The specific characteristics of the pathway, the fact that it seldom occurs, and ambiguities about the pathophysiology and nomenclature make it, for electrophysiologists, still difficult to ablate. We present a case of a patient with anterogradely slow conducting accessory pathway, which has been effectively ...
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