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Ong Lephuong - - 2011
The care of adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) is challenging from a mental health perspective, as these patients continue to face a variety of biopsychosocial issues that may impact emotional functioning. Despite these issues, there are limited data on the psychosocial functioning of adults with CHD, and there ...
Jia Dalin - - 2011
To study the protective effect of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (mitoK(ATP) channel) opener, nicorandil, combined with Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange blocker KB-R7943 on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in isolated rat hearts; the isolated rat heart was perfused by modified Langendorff device, after 15-min balanced perfusion, 45-min ischemia (about left and right coronary perfusion ...
Macia Ester - - 2011
The border zone of healing myocardial infarcts is an arrhythmogenic substrate, partly the result of structural and functional remodeling of the ventricular gap junction protein, Connexin43 (Cx43). Cx43 in arrhythmogenic substrates is a potential target for antiarrhythmic therapy. We characterized Cx43 remodeling in the epicardial border zone (EBZ) of healing ...
Vanhecke Thomas E - - 2011
Isolated left ventricular (LV) apical hypoplasia is a recently described congenital abnormality characterized by: (1) a truncated and spherical LV configuration with rightward bulging of the interventricular septum, (2) deficiency of the myocardium within the LV apex with adipose tissue infiltrating the apex, (3) origin of the papillary muscle in ...
Zu Lingyun L 720 Rutland Ave., Ross 333, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2011
Although the induction of myocyte apoptosis by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is attenuated by ischemic preconditioning (IPC), the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Phosphatase and tensin homologs deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) promotes apoptosis through Akt-dependent and -independent mechanisms. We tested the hypothesis that IPC attenuates the mitochondrial localization of PTEN ...
Stressig R - - 2011
Left heart hypoplasia is commonly observed in fetuses with left diaphragmatic hernia. Because in this condition intrathoracic herniation of the liver serves as an important predictor for postnatal disease severity, we studied its potential association with left heart hypoplasia. We prospectively assessed 32 fetuses with left diaphragmatic hernia between 19 ...
Tsutsumi Yasuo M - - 2011
AIMS: Compound K (C-K; 20-O-D-glucopyranosyl-20(S)-protopanaxadiol) is a novel ginsenosides metabolite formed by intestinal bacteria and does not occur naturally in ginseng. In this study, we investigated whether administration of C-K has protective effects on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and its potential mechanisms. MAIN METHODS: We used in vivo mouse models of ...
da Silva Sara R - - 2011
Like vertebrate cardiovascular systems, the dorsal vessel of the Orthopteran insects Baculum extradentatum and Locusta migratoria is under myogenic as well as neural control, through the action of neurotransmitters, neuromodulators and neurohormones. It was previously shown that the excitatory neuropeptide, crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP), triggers an increase in heart rate ...
Kanlop Natnicha - - 2011
Aim:  Effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on cardiac electrophysiology during ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) period are unclear. We hypothesized that G-CSF stabilizes cardiac electrophysiology during I/R injury by prolonging the effective refractory period (ERP), increasing the ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT) and decreasing the defibrillation threshold (DFT), and that the cardioprotection of ...
Ravichandran Rajeswari - - 2011
Heart failure remains the leading cause of death in many industrialized nations owing to the inability of the myocardial tissue to regenerate. The main objective of this work was to develop a cardiac patch which is biocompatible and matches the mechanical properties of the heart muscle for myocardial infarction. The ...
Hatanaka Rieko - - 2011
Background: Arterial stiffness is a risk factor for symptomatic stroke, and is associated with symptomatic cerebral infarction and cognitive impairment. Hence, we hypothesized that arterial stiffness would be a significant determinant of silent cerebrovascular lesions. Methods: The subjects were 363 individuals without symptomatic cerebrovascular lesions who had their arterial stiffness ...
Saito Akihiro - - 2011
We describe a 77-year-old man with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome exhibiting double coronary sinus (CS) potentials during retrograde conduction over accessory pathway (AP). The first, low-frequency potential (DP1) was first recorded in the left posterolateral region, while the second, higher frequency signal (DP2) was recorded in a lateral-to-septal direction. The two signals ...
Yang Wei - - 2010
AIMS: This study tested the hypothesis that the inhibition of semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) after ischemia could attenuate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. MAIN METHODS: Anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent myocardial I/R injury. Saline, semicarbazide (SCZ, 30mg/kg), hydralazine (HYD, 10mg/kg), or LJP 1207 (30mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally 3min before reperfusion. After ...
Porter David N - - 2011
We discuss a case of an unusual presentation of gastric volvulus, the investigations and subsequent management.
- - 2010
Fig. a shows situs solitus, the physiological condition with the heart left-sided and the shell right-handed.Fig. b depicts situs inversus, with heart and shell inverted. c: Examples of chirality alteration in heart and shell, with the heart left-sided but the great arteries "randomized" in a TGA. See article by Oliverio ...
Böhm Michael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Raised resting heart rate is a marker of cardiovascular risk. We postulated that heart rate is also a risk factor for cardiovascular events in heart failure. In the SHIFT trial, patients with chronic heart failure were treated with the selective heart-rate-lowering agent ivabradine. We aimed to test our hypothesis ...
Barbon Alberto Rodriguez - - 2010
To establish reference values for the cardiac size during radiographic examination in 4 species of Falconiformes used for falconry, lateral and ventrodorsal radiographs were examined from healthy birds of 4 species: Harris' hawks (Parabuteo unicinctus) (n = 48), peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) (n = 35), saker falcons (Falco cherrug) (n ...
Svensson Anders - - 2010
BACKGROUND: During computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) unexpected changes in heart rate while scanning may affect image quality. PURPOSE: To evaluate whether an iso-osmolar contrast medium (IOCM, iodixanol) and a low-osmolar contrast medium (LOCM, iomeprol) affect heart rate and experienced heat sensation differently. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred patients scheduled ...
Kalabus James L - - 2010
Cancer patients with Down syndrome (DS) are susceptible to developing anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity. The pathogenesis of anthracycline-related cardiotoxicity has been linked to the intracardiac synthesis of alcohol metabolites by carbonyl reductase 1 (CBR1). CBR1 is located in the DS critical region (21q22.12). The expression of CBR1 in hearts from individuals with ...
Ishii Yasuo - - 2010
The coronary vessels and epicardium arise from an extracardiac rudiment called the proepicardium. Failed fusion of the proepicardium to the heart results in severe coronary and heart defects. However, it is unknown how the proepicardium protrudes toward and attaches to the looping heart tube. Here, we show that ectopic expression ...
Rigatelli Gianluca - - 2010
The relationship between patent foramen ovale and migraine is a hotly debated issue. Conflicting data on the association or independence of these conditions have been reported by various study groups around the world. Now, a large-scale case-control study has shown no association between the two entities; however, there were a ...
Voogdt Kevin G J A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Heart rate is a primary clinical indicator directing newborn resuscitation. The time taken to assess the heart rate by auscultation in relation to accuracy during newborn resuscitation is not known. OBJECTIVE: To assess both the accuracy and time taken to assess heart rate by stethoscope in simulated resuscitation scenarios. ...
Männer Jörg - - 2010
The heart is the first organ to function in vertebrate embryos. The human heart, for example, starts beating around the 21st embryonic day. During the initial phase of its pumping action, the embryonic heart is seen as a pulsating blood vessel that is built up by (1) an inner endothelial ...
Karamanlidis Georgios - - 2010
Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a pivotal role in the development of heart failure. Animal studies suggest that impaired mitochondrial biogenesis attributable to downregulation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator (PGC)-1 transcriptional pathway is integral of mitochondrial dysfunction in heart failure. The study sought to define mechanisms underlying the impaired mitochondrial ...
Ried Michael - - 2010
Primary cardiac T-cell lymphoma is an extremely rare entity, with only 3 patients having been reported so far in the literature. We describe the case of a young patient with acute heart failure involving the whole myocardium. The patient successfully underwent emergency cardiectomy, custom-made total artificial heart implantation and heart ...
Kokubo Nobuhiro - - 2010
Vertebrate hearts have evolved from undivided tubular hearts of chordate ancestors. One of the most intriguing issues in heart evolution is the abrupt appearance of multichambered hearts in the agnathan vertebrates. To explore the developmental mechanisms behind the drastic morphological changes that led to complex vertebrate hearts, we examined the ...
Bruser Christoph C Philips Chair for Medical Information Technology, RWTH Aachen University, Germany. - - 2010
Ballistocardiography is a technique in which the mechanical activity of the heart is recorded. We present a novel algorithm for the detection of individual heart beats in ballistocardiograms (BCGs). In a training step, unsupervised learning techniques are used to identify the shape of a single heart beat in the BCG. ...
Nakajima Yuji - - 2010
Abnormal heart development causes various congenital heart defects. Recent cardiovascular biology studies have elucidated the morphological mechanisms involved in normal and abnormal heart development. The primitive heart tube originates from the lateral-most part of the heart forming mesoderm and mainly gives rise to the left ventricle. Then, during the cardiac ...
Gokmen Zeynel - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine differences between pediatrician and pediatric cardiologists regarding initial assessment of neonatal heart murmur and to evaluate the role of echocardiography in this group of patients. During a 6-month period, all term births in the obstetric unit at Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, ...
Jensen Brian C BC Cardiology Section and Research Service, San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, Calif, - - 2009
alpha1-adrenergic receptors (alpha1-ARs) play adaptive roles in the heart and protect against the development of heart failure. The 3 alpha1-AR subtypes, alpha1A, alpha1B, and alpha1D, have distinct physiological roles in mouse heart, but very little is known about alpha1 subtypes in human heart. Here, we test the hypothesis that the ...
Gokmen Zeynel - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine differences between pediatrician and pediatric cardiologists regarding initial assessment of neonatal heart murmur and to evaluate the role of echocardiography in this group of patients. During a 6-month period, all term births in the obstetric unit at Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, ...
Grimes A C - - 2009
A large number of congenital heart defects associated with mortality in humans are those that affect the cardiac outflow tract, and this provides a strong imperative to understand its development during embryogenesis. While there is wide phylogenetic variation in adult vertebrate heart morphology, recent work has demonstrated evolutionary conservation in ...
Zimmermann Wolfram-Hubertus - - 2009
Children with severe congenital malformations, such as single-ventricle anomalies, have a daunting prognosis. Heart transplantation would be a therapeutic option but is restricted due to a lack of suitable donor organs and, even in case of successful heart transplantation, lifelong immune suppression would frequently be associated with a number of ...
Fink Martin - - 2009
The genetic basis of heart development is remarkably conserved from Drosophila to mammals, and insights from flies have greatly informed our understanding of vertebrate heart development. Recent evidence suggests that many aspects of heart function are also conserved and the genes involved in heart development also play roles in adult ...
Puran Bair - - 2009
Puran and Susanna Bair are cofounders of the Institute for Applied Meditation (IAM) in Tucson, Arizona. Known for his development of a type of meditation called heart rhythm meditation as well as development of scientific instrumentation to measure the physiological effects of this type of meditation, Puran Bair has a ...
Dashkevich Alexey - - 2009
Terminal heart failure is associated with chronic myocardial edema, which in part is compensated by increased myocardial lymph flow. However, little is known about the impact of terminal heart failure on lymphangiogenesis. The purpose of the study was to investigate the morphological and quantitative changes of the initial myocardial lymphatics ...
Vogler Georg - - 2009
The Drosophila heart has recently emerged as a good model system for examining the genetic, cellular, and molecular mechanisms underlying function in myogenic hearts. A key step in examining heart function in the fly is finding a way to access the heart in a manner that preserves its myogenic function ...
Theofilogiannakos Efstratios K - - 2009
In cardiac transplantation has been recognized some "abnormalities" in recipient ECG. We investigated the influence of heart geometrical position within the chest cavity as well as somatometric parameters on body surface torso potentials. Two control patients with different Body Mass Index (BMI) were undergone a chest MRI scan. Using specific ...
Patronik Nicholas A - - 2009
Robotic assistance enhances conventional endoscopy; yet, limitations have hindered its mainstream adoption for cardiac surgery. HeartLander is a miniature mobile robot that addresses several of these limitations by providing precise and stable access over the surface of the beating heart in a less-invasive manner. The robot adheres to the heart ...
Cooper Ann S - - 2009
We present various methods to record cardiac function in the larval Drosophila. The approaches allow heart rate to be measured in unrestrained and restrained whole larvae. For direct control of the environment around the heart another approach utilizes the dissected larvae and removal of the internal organs in order to ...
Kärki S - - 2009
In this paper we propose a new simple method to measure the heart rate of a person sitting on a chair or lying in a bed. The heart rate is measured with a thin sensor pad consisting of separate electromechanical film (EMFi) and polyvinylidenefluoride (PVDF) transducers located beneath the leg ...
Kriszbacher Ildik? - - 2010
We investigated whether the time of sunrise and the number of daylight hours have an effect on the seasonality, or the daily rhythm of heart attack mortality. We analyzed retrospectively data of patients admitted to hospitals with the diagnosis of heart attack (n=32,329) and patients who deceased of a heart ...
Männer Jörg - - 2008
The embryonic heart tube consists of an outer myocardial tube, a middle layer of cardiac jelly, and an inner endocardial tube. It is said that tubular hearts pump the blood by peristaltoid contractions. The traditional concept of cardiac peristalsis sees the cyclic deformations of pulsating heart tubes as concentric narrowing ...
Smodlaka H - - 2008
Anatomical properties of the ringed seal (Phoca hispida) heart and associated blood vessels reveal adaptations related to requirements for diving. Seven adult ringed seals were embalmed and dissected to document the gross anatomical features of the heart. Computed tomography images of the thoracic cavity were taken on one seal prior ...
Wythe, Joshua D.
The emergence of a functioning heart is critical for vertebrate embryogenesis and is dependent upon a highly conserved network of molecular cues and morphogenetic events. The critical nature of heart development, as well as its complexity, is underscored by the fact that of all congenital birth defects, congenital cardiac malformations ...
Ocorr Karen - - 2007
The Drosophila heart has proven itself to be an excellent model for human cardiac development and recent investigations suggest that it may serve as a model for human heart function as well. Just as tinman-related genes underlie cardiac development in all organisms with a heart, the functional properties of mature ...
Jenkins Michael W - - 2007
We used optical coherence tomography (OCT) to characterize the morphological phenotype of embryonic murine hearts discerning hexamethylene-bis-acetamide-inducible protein 1 (HEXIM1) mutants from their wild-type littermates. At E12.5 and E13.5 murine embryos were excised from the mother, the hearts were removed, and 3D OCT data sets were obtained from each heart ...
Black Brian L - - 2007
The heart is the first organ to form and function during vertebrate development and is absolutely essential for life. The left ventricle is derived from the classical primary or first heart field (FHF), while the right ventricle and outflow tract are derived from a distinct second heart field (SHF). The ...
Qian Kun-Xi - - 2007
Despite the progresses in developing pulsatile impeller pump and impeller total heart, as well as in applying streamlined impeller vanes, the best results in application of artificial heart pumps have been achieved by nonpulsatile univentricular assist pump with straight impeller vanes until now. It seems all efforts and successes have ...
Major Robert J - - 2007
Heart disease remains the leading cause of mortality throughout the world. Mammals have an extremely limited capacity to repair lost or damaged heart tissue, thus encouraging biologists to seek out models for heart regeneration. Zebrafish exhibit a robust regenerative capacity in a variety of tissues including the fin, spinal cord, ...
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