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de Oliveira Italo Martins - - 2012
Atrial myocardium fibrosis and other alterations of fiber continuity and potential circuit reentrancy (disconnections, abrupt turns, crossings, and epicardial reflections) are thought to play an important role in permanent atrial fibrillation. However, few studies have been performed in human beings. Some of them are only descriptive, and controls were usually ...
Villar Ana V - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Various human cardiovascular pathophysiological conditions associate aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) and circulating miRNAs are emerging as promising biomarkers. In mice, myocardial miR-21 overexpression is related to cardiac fibrosis elicited by pressure overload. This study was designed to determine the role of myocardial and plasmatic miR-21 in the maladaptive ...
Maron Barry J - - 2013
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a common inherited cardiovascular disease present in one in 500 of the general population. It is caused by more than 1400 mutations in 11 or more genes encoding proteins of the cardiac sarcomere. Although hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most frequent cause of sudden death in young people ...
Bround Michael J MJ Cardiovascular Research Group, Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, 5358 Life Sciences Building, 2350 Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T - - 2012
The molecular mechanisms controlling heart function and rhythmicity are incompletely understood. While it is widely accepted that the type 2 ryanodine receptor (Ryr2) is the major Ca(2+) release channel in excitation-contraction coupling, the role of these channels in setting a consistent beating rate remains controversial. Gain-of-function RYR2 mutations in humans ...
Frustaci Andrea - - 2012
AIMS: Coronary telangiectasia (CT) is a rare congenital anomaly causing ventricular shunt and myocardial ischaemia. Its prevalence, genetic background, and impact in human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are unknown and were therefore investigated in this study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 445 patients with HCM, 195 had a coronary angiography and 124 ...
Dai Zhehao - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although myocardial interstitial fibrosis has been considered to play a pathogenic role in chronic heart failure (HF), the role of perivascular fibrosis, another form of fibrosis, remains to be elucidated. METHODS: We examined 64 consecutive patients with non-ischemic HF caused by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM, n=16), hypertensive heart disease (HHD, ...
van Nieuwenhoven Frans A - - 2012
Cardiac fibroblasts (CF) play a pivotal role in the repair and remodeling of the heart that occur following myocardial infarction (MI). The transition through the inflammatory, granulation and maturation phases of infarct healing is driven by cellular responses to local levels of cytokines, chemokines and growth factors that fluctuate in ...
Cerrone Marina - - 2012
The shRNA-mediated loss of expression of the desmosomal protein plakophilin-2 leads to sodium current (I(Na)) dysfunction. Whether pkp2 gene haploinsufficiency leads to I(Na) deficit in vivo remains undefined. Mutations in pkp2 are detected in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). Ventricular fibrillation and sudden death often occur in the 'concealed phase' ...
Borisov Konstantin Valentinovitch - - 2012
In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, myocardial fibrosis is an independent predictor of an adverse outcome. A new technique of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) surgical correction in patients with severe hypertrophy and septal myocardial fibrosis has been proposed. This approach avoids mechanical damage to the heart conduction system, and for the ...
Fekih-Mrissa Najiba - - 2012
Identifying patients who are at high risk of suffering myocardial infarction can be done by determining risk factors or by the adoption of molecular genetic testing for inherited thrombophilia. We report a case of myocardial infarction at a young age. The patient complained of dyspnea (stage III) and a burning ...
Xie Yuping - - 2012
Myocardial remodeling after ischemic infarction is characterized by collagen accumulation leading to replacement and interstitial fibrosis. Type I and III collagens are predominant components in cardiac fibrosis. Lysyl oxidase (LOX) facilitates the cross-linking of type I and III fibrils, resulting in the formation of stiff fibers and their subsequent tissue ...
Prinz Christian - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to correlate the incidence of adequate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) interventions in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients with risk markers (RMs) for sudden cardiac death (SCD) plus myocardial fibrosis as detected by late gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR) imaging. METHODS: In all, 87 patients with ...
Koduri Hemantha - - 2012
Fibrotic and autonomic remodeling in heart failure (HF) increase vulnerability to atrial fibrillation (AF). Because AF electrograms (EGMs) are thought to reflect the underlying structural substrate, we sought to (1) determine the differences in AF EGMs in normal versus HF atria and (2) assess how fibrosis and nerve-rich fat contribute ...
Kim Kyoung-Han - - 2012
Numerous cardiac transcription factors play overlapping roles in both the specification and proliferation of the cardiac tissues and chambers during heart development. It has become increasingly apparent that cardiac transcription factors also play critical roles in the regulation of expression of many functional genes in the prenatal and postnatal hearts. ...
Flett Andrew S AS The Heart Hospital, University College London Hospitals NHS Trust, 16-18 Westmoreland Street, London W1G 8PH, - - 2012
Haemodynamics alone do not fully explain symptoms and prognosis in clinically severe aortic stenosis (AS). Myocardial disease, specifically diffuse myocardial fibrosis (DMF), may contribute. We used equilibrium contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance (EQ-CMR) and sought to non-invasively measure DMF in severe AS and determine its clinical significance before and after valve ...
Kapur Navin K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The ubiquitously expressed cytokine, transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGFβ1), promotes cardiac fibrosis, an important component of progressive heart failure. Membrane-associated endoglin is a co-receptor for TGFβ1 signaling and has been studied in vascular remodeling and preeclampsia. We hypothesized ...
Grimaldi Antonio - - 2012
Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is a rare condition, but in certain tropical countries it is a major cause of illness and death. Moreover, the etiology of the disease is unknown, it has no specific treatment, and it carries a poor prognosis. As both the heart and the peritoneum may be affected ...
Her Ae-Young - - 2012
Left atrial (LA) fibrosis is a main determinant of LA remodeling and development of atrial fibrillation. However, non-invasive prediction of LA fibrosis is challenging. We investigated whether preoperative LA strain as measured by speckle tracking echocardiography could predict the degree of LA fibrosis and LA reverse remodeling after mitral valve ...
Oren Gordon - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Proangiogenic therapy is a promising avenue for the treatment for chronic heart failure and a potentially powerful modality for reversing adverse cardiac remodeling. There is a concern, however, that adverse remodeling might enter an irreversible stage, and become refractory to treatments. The present study aims to determine whether neovascularization ...
Berliner Jennifer I - - 2012
Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CeMRI) reliably identifies myocardial fibrosis in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, many patients have contraindications to ceMRI. Previous studies have shown that contrast enhanced multi-detector computed tomography (ceMDCT) can visualize focal scars following myocardial infarction in experimental animals and patients. The purpose of this ...
Liu Yanfang - - 2012
Myocarditis is a common clinical cardiovascular disease, and some patients progress to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with chronic heart failure. Common viral infections are the most frequent cause of myocarditis, but other pathogens and autoimmune diseases have also been implicated. T(h)17 cells are novel IL-17-producing effector T helper cells that play ...
Corbetti Francesco F Radiology Department, Azienda Ospedaliera Padova, Italy. - - 2013
Alström Syndrome (ALMS) is an extremely rare multiorgan disease caused by mutations in ALMS1. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a common finding but only one series has been investigated by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR). Eight genetically proven ALMS patients (ages 11-41) underwent CMR performed by standard cine steady state, T1, T2 ...
Touvron Melissa - - 2012
Cardiac fibrosis is critically involved in the adverse remodeling accompanying dilated cardiomyopathies (DCMs), which leads to cardiac dysfunction and heart failure (HF). Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), a profibrotic cytokine, plays a key role in this deleterious process. Some beneficial effects of IGF1 on cardiomyopathy have been described, but its ...
Prinz Christian - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess LA function by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography and its relation with myocardial fibrosis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We enrolled 30 consecutive HCM-patients in our study (20 males; age: 49.7 +/- 10.4 years, NYHA-class: 1.9 +/- 0.7). Echocardiography was performed with assessment of global ...
Kuusisto Johanna - - 2012
To investigate the role of inflammation in the phenotypic expression of myocardial fibrosis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Clinical study. Kuopio University Hospital and University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland. Twenty-four patients with a single HCM-causing mutation D175N in the α-tropomyosin gene and 17 control subjects. Endomyocardial biopsy samples taken from ...
Li Qin - - 2012
Inhibition of Rho-kinase displays vasodilation property although its effect on cardiac remodeling in heart against pressure overload and ischemia has not been fully elucidated. The present study was designed to examine the effect of fasudil, a Rho-kinase (ROCK) inhibitor, on myocardial remodeling and underlying mechanisms in pressure overload and myocardial ...
Neuberger Hans-Ruprecht - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrosis and its spatial heterogeneity are regarded as a substrate for the perpetuation of atrial arrhythmias. During collagen synthesis and degradation, collagen propeptides and telopeptides are released into the blood. This study tested the hypothesis that serum markers of collagen turnover correlate with atrial fibrosis. METHODS: We prospectively ...
Santra Gouranga - - 2012
Endomyocardial fibrosis is a variety of restrictive cardiomyopathy, in which endocardium of one or both ventricles is thickened markedly with involvement of underlying myocardium. Partial obliteration of ventricular cavities by fibrous tissue and thrombus causes diastolic dysfunction with increased resistance to ventricular filling. Systolic function is well preserved till late ...
Pelliccia Antonio - - 2012
Physiologic LV remodeling in young trained athletes as a consequence of chronic training can occasionally mimic certain pathologic conditions associated with sudden death, such as HCM. A small but important subset of elite male athletes may show a borderline increased LV wall thickness of 13 to 15 mm, which defines ...
Femenia Francisco - - 2012
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is a familial cardiac arrhythmia that is related to RYR2 or CASQ2 gene mutation. It occurs in patients with structurally normal heart and causes exercise-emotion triggered syncope and sudden cardiac death. We present a 13 year-old girl with recurrent episodes of exercise-related syncope and prior history ...
Li Zi-Lun - - 2012
Transition from obesity to metabolic-syndrome (MetS) promotes cardiovascular diseases, but the underlying cardiac pathophysiological mechanisms are incompletely understood. We tested the hypothesis that development of insulin resistance and MetS is associated with impaired myocardial cellular turnover. MetS-prone Ossabaw pigs were randomized to 10 weeks of standard chow (lean) or to ...
Delmar Mario - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Connexins are the pore forming subunits of gap junction channels. They are essential for cardiac action potential propagation. Connexins are modified at the transcriptional or posttranslational levels under pathological states such as cardiac hypertrophy or ischemia, thus contributing to the arrhythmogenic substrate. However, the relation between nucleotide ...
Clark Amy B - - 2012
Abstract Neonatal myocardial infarction secondary to congenital heart disease, anomalous coronary artery anatomy, thromboembolism, coagulopathy, birth asphyxia, and unknown causes has been previously reported. We now report an infant who suffered a massive myocardial infarction during birth requiring extensive resuscitation and aggressive management. A thrombus, the origin of which was ...
Kumar Saurabh - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Catheter-tissue contact is important for effective lesion creation. OBJECTIVE:: We assessed the effect of respiration on contact force (CF) during atrial fibrillation (AF) and cavo-tricuspid isthmus (CTI) dependent atrial flutter (AFL) ablation. METHODS:: Patients with undergoing CTI ablation alone (n=15) and pulmonary vein isolation alone (n=12) under general anesthesia ...
Felix S E A - - 2012
Today, continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (cf-LVADs) are implanted more often in patients with end-stage heart failure. Because of greater durability they can be implanted for an extended period of time. As a result of increased numbers of patients on cf-LVAD support, healthcare professionals should be aware of the potential ...
Kim Na Young - - 2012
A 16-year-old male with a prior history of recurrent syncope was referred to our hospital after being resuscitated from cardiac arrest developed while playing volleyball. His electrocardiogram (ECG) demonstrated ventricular fibrillation at a local emergency department. After referral, an ECG showed bidirectional ventricular tachycardia (VT) and nonsustained Torsade de Pointes. ...
Wang Jue - - 2012
Cardiac fibrosis after myocardial infarction (MI) has been identified as a key factor in the development of heart failure. Although dysregulation of miRNAs is involved in various pathophysiologic processes in the heart, the role of miRNA in fibrosis regulation after MI is unclear. Previously we observed the correlation between fibrosis ...
Milano Aldo Domenico - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether myocardial fibrosis influences left ventricular performance in severe aortic stenosis and to assess its effect on long-term survival after aortic valve replacement. METHODS: Myocardial fibrosis was evaluated in biopsy specimens taken from the interventricular septum in 99 patients undergoing aortic valve replacement because of severe or ...
Gomes John - - 2012
Anecdotal observations suggest that sub-clinical electrophysiological manifestations of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) develop before detectable structural changes ensue on cardiac imaging. To test this hypothesis, we investigated a murine model with conditional cardiac genetic deletion of one desmoplakin allele (DSP ±) and compared the findings to patients with non-diagnostic ...
Goudis Christos A - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice and is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Atrial fibrosis, a detrimental process that causes imbalance in extracellular matrix deposition and degradation, has been implicated as a substrate for atrial fibrillation, but the precise mechanisms of structural remodelling and ...
Maskatia Shiraz A - - 2012
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by inappropriate left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in the setting of a nondilated left ventricle. HCM is often associated with asymmetric LVH, a family history of HCM, sarcomeric genetic mutations, and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. There is a wide clinical variability in HCM ...
Nathan Aruna T - - 2012
Long QT syndrome is characterized by electrocardiographic appearance of long QT intervals and propensity to polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. Aggressive anticipatory clinical management is required for a good outcome, especially in the symptomatic neonate. We present a neonate with a compound mutation with refractory ventricular tachycardia that necessitated multimodal pharmacotherapy with ...
Benvenuti Luiz Alberto - - 2012
Generally, restrictive cardiomyopathy due to desmin deposition is characterized by restriction to ventricular diastolic filling and different degrees of atrioventricular block (AVB). In this report, we describe the pathological changes of the cardiac conduction system related to AVB. The sinus node, the compact node, and the penetrating bundle (bundle of ...
Heredero Angeles - - 2012
We report the case of a young African woman with a history of right ventricular failure. Image studies suggested endomyocardial fibrosis affecting only the right side of the heart. The right ventricle was extremely small and restricted. The surgical approach entailed endocardectomy and a bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt to improve weaning ...
Yiu Kai Hang - - 2012
To evaluate the presence of myocardial structural alterations and subtle myocardial dysfunction during familial screening in asymptomatic mutation carriers without hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) phenotype. Sixteen HCM families with pathogenic mutation were studied and 46 patients with phenotype expression (Mut+/Phen+) and 47 patients without phenotype expression (Mut+/Phen-) were observed. Twenty-five control ...
van Hoorn Frans - - 2012
The cardiac sodium channel (Na(v)1.5) controls cardiac excitability. Accordingly, SCN5A mutations that result in loss-of-function of Na(v)1.5 are associated with various inherited arrhythmia syndromes that revolve around reduced cardiac excitability, most notably Brugada syndrome (BrS). Experimental studies have indicated that Na(v)1.5 interacts with the cytoskeleton and may also be involved ...
Shizukuda Yukitaka - - 2012
It is not well known whether systemic iron overload per se in hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is associated with cardiac arrhythmias before other signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease occur. In the present study, we examined the incidence of cardiac arrhythmia in cardiac asymptomatic subjects with HH (New York Heart Association ...
Golia Giorgio - - 2011
Aim: It was the aim of our study to determine whether myocardial fibrosis influences physiologic or non-physiologic left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy in severe aortic stenosis. Methods: Myocardial fibrosis was evaluated using specimens taken from the ventricular septum in 79 patients submitted to aortic valve replacement because of symptomatic aortic stenosis. ...
Kosmala Wojciech - - 2011
AIMS: Myocardial fibrosis is an important contributor to heterogeneity of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in the metabolic syndrome (MS). Comparison of strain with calibrated integrated backscatter (cIB) and serological fibrosis markers could provide a means to understand the association of cardiac function with markers of fibrosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Aburawi Elhadi H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Subclinical myocardial injury has been reported in newborns with fetal weights < 2 SDs for gestational age. Intrauterine growth restriction might affect cardiac function and coronary flow (CF). METHODS: Seventeen newborns with intrauterine growth restriction and 15 age-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Blood flow in the ...
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