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Uchida Yasumi - - 2011
Glistening yellow coronary plaques (GY) seen on angioscopy are considered vulnerable to disruption. Collagen fiber (CF) is the main substance that protects coronary plaques against mechanical stress. Therefore, whether angioscopically defined vulnerable plaques correlate with those defined histologically was investigated. One hundred and thirty-two excised human coronary plaques were classified ...
Ishikawa Kiyotake - - 2011
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is a distinctive form of muscular dystrophy which is often associated with cardiac abnormalities. Conduction disturbances are frequently observed, and may necessitate pacemaker implantation to prevent sudden death. In this case report, we present an autopsy of a 31-year-old man with X-linked EDMD who developed only ...
Emiroglu Ozan - - 2011
Emerging perioperative genomics may influence the direction of risk assessment and surgical strategies in cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) affect the clinical presentation and predispose to increased risk for postoperative adverse events in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery ...
Shi Qiang - - 2011
Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) are the primary cell type responsible for cardiac fibrosis during pathological myocardial remodeling. Several studies have illustrated that pirfenidone (5-methyl-1-phenyl-2-[1H]-pyridone) attenuates cardiac fibrosis in different animal models. However, the effects of pirfenidone on cardiac fibroblast behavior have not been examined. In this study, we investigated whether pirfenidone ...
Holmström Miia - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify early features of lamin A/C gene mutation related dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). We characterise myocardial and functional findings in carriers of lamin A/C mutation to facilitate the recognition of these patients using this method. We also investigated the ...
Zhang Zhihong Z Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94121, - - 2011
Both the Young-Laplace law and finite element (FE) based methods have been used to calculate left ventricular wall stress. We tested the hypothesis that the Young-Laplace law is able to reproduce results obtained with the FE method. Magnetic resonance imaging scans with noninvasive tags were used to calculate three-dimensional myocardial ...
Gulsvik Anne K - - 2011
Mortality statistics represent important endpoints in epidemiological studies. The diagnostic validity of cerebral stroke and ischemic heart disease recorded as the underlying cause of death in Norwegian mortality statistics was assessed by using mortality data of participants in the Bergen Clinical Blood Pressure Study in Norway and autopsy records from ...
Aziz Emad F - - 2010
Cardiovascular diseases account for 40% of all deaths in the West. Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major health problem affecting over 300,000 patients annually in the United States alone. Presence of coronary artery disease (CAD), usually in the setting of diminished left ventricular ejection fraction, is still the single ...
Marrison V K - - 2012
The prevalence of syncope, in particular cardiac syncope, increases with advancing age and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis of syncope within this population can be complex due to atypical presentations, amnesia for events and the overlap with falls. Thus, a lower threshold for investigation, preferably within a ...
Voyce Stephen J - - 2010
A unique case of right ventricular myocardial infarction complicating an acute inferior-posterior myocardial infarction in a patient with a single left coronary artery is described. The clinical, electrocardiographic, and hemodynamic features of right ventricular myocardial infarction and the angiographic patterns of anomalous single coronary arteries are reviewed.
Goyal Munish Kumar - - 2012
We describe a unique patient who developed hypersomnia as the sole presenting symptom of bilateral thalamic infarcts.
Thompson David R - - 2011
Aims  The purpose of this study was to examine the hierarchical and cumulative nature of the 35 items of the Myocardial Infarction Dimensional Assessment Scale (MIDAS), a disease-specific health-related quality of life measure. Method  Data from 668 participants who completed the MIDAS were analysed using the Mokken Scaling Procedure, which ...
Pride Yuri B - - 2010
The goal of this analysis was to determine the relation between myocardial infarct size and left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) using cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). After STEMI, LVEF and infarct size correlate with prognosis, ...
Fernandez William G - - 2010
We present the case of a young woman presenting to a military field hospital in Afghanistan with a non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) associated with the diet drug sibutramine. We also provide a brief literature review on the association between sibutramine and myocardial infarction.
Bøhmer Ellen - - 2010
In patients with the metabolic syndrome, the prevalence of cardiovascular disease, disease-related morbidity and mortality are reported to be significantly higher than in a population without the metabolic syndrome. We investigated the role of metabolic syndrome and related biomarkers as predictors of infarct size in patients with their first myocardial ...
Kraus James A - - 2010
Papillary infarction is commonly observed in ovarian atypical proliferative serous and seromucinous tumors (APST/APSMT), but there are no published data on its significance. This study characterizes the features associated with papillary infarcts and microinvasion to further understand these phenomena. From consecutive hospital-based cases, 32 APST/APSMT in 26 patients (6 bilateral) ...
Lawrence Yaacov R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Osler taught that splenic infarction presents with left upper abdominal quadrant pain, tenderness and swelling accompanied by a peritoneal friction rub. Splenic infarction is classically associated with bacterial endocarditis and sickle cell disease. OBJECTIVES: To describe the contemporary experience of splenic infarction. METHODS: We conducted a chart review of ...
Yeh Robert W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: During the previous decade, many strategies for preventing acute myocardial infarction found to be efficacious in randomized controlled trials have been adopted by physicians in the community. Although evaluations of quality improvement typically focus on process measures at the hospital, practice, or clinician level, assessment of improvements in health ...
Umredkar Alok - - 2010
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a significant health care problem. One of the major determinants of outcome following surgery of intracranial aneurysms is development of intracranial infarcts. All patients underwent clipping for aneurysms in one year in the department of neurosurgery, PGIMER, Chandigarh were studied. Data regarding age, sex, date of ...
Berglind Niklas - - 2010
The association between ambient air pollution exposure and hospitalization for cardiovascular events has been reported in several studies with conflicting results. A case-crossover design was used to investigate the effects of air pollution in 660 first-time myocardial infarction cases in Stockholm in 1993-1994, interviewed shortly after diagnosis using a standard ...
Shimoda Masami - - 2010
Early infarction that occurs at the time of initial subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to rupture of an aneurysm is a poorly understood phenomenon. We investigate the frequency of early infarction using diffusion-weighted images (DWI) at the time of admission. We then discuss the pathogenesis of infarction. This study included 85 ...
Ohara Tomoyuki - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with acute lacunar infarction in the lenticulostriate artery (LSA) territory often show progression of motor deficits (PMD) after admission. The purpose of our study is to identify predictors for PMD using the findings of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) on admission. METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2008, ...
Sciagrà Roberto - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Female sex and advanced age have adverse prognostic meaning in acute myocardial infarction. Whether gender and/or age influence the relationship between infarct size, infarct severity, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is unclear. METHODS: We examined 460 patients (359 men) with acute myocardial infarction submitted to successful primary percutaneous ...
Friedman D - - 2010
Brain stem structures are implicated in the generation of migraine and other types of headache. The patient described herein had chronic left hemicranial headaches associated with a left pontine infarction.
Escoto Heather - - 2010
We report a male child with haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis who developed myocardial infarction after receiving etoposide. He recovered well with supportive measures and after discontinuation of etoposide. We discuss the possible mechanisms and differential diagnoses of myocardial infarction in our patient.
Buss Sebastian J - - 2010
The extent of adverse myocardial remodeling contributes essentially to the prognosis after myocardial infarction (MI). Currently, therapeutic strategies that inhibit remodeling are limited to inhibition of neurohumoral activation. mTOR-dependent signaling mechanisms are centrally involved in the myocardial remodeling process. There exists a controversy as to whether autophagy is beneficial in ...
Denollet Johan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Identification of post-myocardial infarction (MI) depressive symptoms is a major concern and clinicians are in need of a short, easy-to-use assessment tool for this population. We evaluated the utility and prognostic power of a brief 10-item version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI10) in post-MI patients. METHODS: Patients (n=416) ...
Dormuth Colin R - - 2010
[This corrects the article on p. e6080 in vol. 4.].
Bathina Jaya D - - 2010
Herein, we describe the cases of 4 patients who each experienced a myocardial infarction in association with nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis. We discuss the clinical presentation of this rare condition, distinguish between infective and nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis via a review of the medical literature, and present treatment options for myocardial infarction ...
Yokota Fumiko - - 2010
A 51-year-old man was referred to the Department of Cardiology in our hospital due to severe congestive heart failure and ventricular arrhythmias in March 2008. He had repeated ventricular tachycardia for years and the left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) was 11% on admission. A myocardial biopsy revealed that over 50% ...
Tung Roderick R UCLA Cardiac Arrhythmia Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, - - 2010
The presence of epicardial fat can confound the quantification of scar during transpericardial electroanatomic mapping. The electrogram (EGM) characteristics of epicardial fat have not been systematically compared with infarct scar using gross and histopathological analysis as a gold standard. The purpose of this study was to compare the EGM characteristics ...
- - 2009
[This corrects the article on p. 208 in vol. 3, PMID: 19513135.].
Brink Eva - - 2009
The negative effects of emotional distress on the recovery following myocardial infarction make it important to study coping strategies in this situation. The present study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties and the validity of a 10 dimensions questionnaire labelled The General Coping Questionnaire (GCQ). The structure of the questionnaire ...
Sawaya Fadi - - 2009
We present a case of right ventricular infarct mimicking, on the electrocardiogram, an anterior myocardial infarction. The Grant method of vector electrocardiography is a seldom used tool but is a very accurate way of evaluating electrocardiograms and is as useful adjunct to pattern recognition.
Tseng Chih-Lung - - 2010
This study investigated the correlation of caloric- and vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) results with topographical lesions of lateral medullary infarction. Five patients with lateral medullary infarction were enrolled in this study. Each patient underwent a battery of tests, including audiometry, caloric test, VEMP test, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study. ...
Brändström Yvonne - - 2009
In the present study, we wished to explore physical activity in middle-aged patients 6 months after a myocardial infarction and to compare the patients' self-reported activity level with pedometric measures of footsteps/day. The sample comprised 89 patients with myocardial infarction, aged <or= 65 years. The self-report question showed that < ...
van den Bosch Harrie C M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to validate free-breathing 2D inversion recovery delayed-enhancement MRI for the assessment of myocardial infarction compared with a breath-hold 3D technique. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval and written informed consent were obtained. Thirty-two patients (25 men, seven women; mean age, 68 years; ...
Brink Eva - - 2009
This study explores myocardial infarction patients' experiences of adaptation to illness consequences after one year, focusing on experiences of "the self." The study sample consisted of 19 respondents (10 women, 9 men) who have suffered a first-time myocardial infarction. They were interviewed 1 year after the acute heart attack. A ...
Peukert Daniel - - 2009
Most animal models use surgical thoracotomy with ligation of a coronary artery to induce myocardial infarction. Incision of the chest wall and myocardium affect remodeling after myocardial infarction. The aim of our study was to evaluate a new minimally invasive technique for inducing acute myocardial infarction in pigs. To this ...
Kesavadas Chandrasekharan - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Two types of infarcts can be identified depending on the circumstances leading to its generation-infarcts with pannecrosis and infarcts with selective neuronal loss. Cortical laminar necrosis (CLN) can occur due to various etiologies of which infarctions and hypoxia are the commonest. Infarction results in pannecrosis whereas hypoxia and incomplete ...
Waszkowska Ma?gorzata - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the occupational functioning and identify health-related determinants of the continuation of occupational activity in workers with a recent myocardial infarction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The project was a retrospective study concerning 183 male workers, aged 39-65 years, who had suffered a primary uncomplicated myocardial infarction approximately three years ...
Pike Rodolfo - - 2009
Right ventricular myocardial infarction (RVMI) rarely occurs in isolation. Guidelines recommend that practitioners should evaluate for the presence of an RVMI in a patient with an inferior infarction who is hemodynamically compromised. Diagnostic and treatment modalities for an RVMI can vary from treatments used to treat patients presenting with a ...
Brink Eva - - 2008
AIM: This paper is a report of a study to explore health problems, physical and mental functioning, and physical activity in working-age patients after myocardial infarction, in order to assess the possible effects of these factors on return to work. BACKGROUND: A diagnosis of myocardial infarction may discourage patients from ...
Ruzsics Balázs - - 2009
PURPOSE: In the absence of additional ischemic insults, the peri-infarct region surrounding the infarct myocardium can recover function. T2 weighted MRI signal is sensitive to edema and used to detect peri-infarct, salvageable myocardium. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the alterations in myocardial strain in the peri-infarct ...
Florescu Diana - - 2008
We describe 2 patients with Babesia infection who presented with fever and multiple splenic infarcts. There were no other conditions present that could potentially be causes of splenic infarction. Although retinal infarction has been described rarely in patients with babesiosis, splenic infarction has not been reported previously in association with ...
Jones Rupert Cm - - 2007
Reported prevalence of myocardial infarction-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) varies from 0 to 25%. PTSD after myocardial infarction may affect quality of life, cardiovascular outcomes, and health service usage. Of 164 patients with previous myocardial infarction, 111 participated in the study and 36 had PTSD, giving a prevalence of 32%; ...
Roger Véronique L VL Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine and Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2007
Myocardial infarction is a key component of the burden of cardiovascular disease. The assessment of the incidence and case fatality of myocardial infarction are important determinants of the decline in coronary disease mortality. The change in biomarkers used to diagnose myocardial infarction raises several methodologic, clinical, and public health challenges, ...
Vuillier F - - 2006
With the advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology, it is now possible to identify and determine the precise location of medullary infarcts. The lateral part of the medulla is most commonly affected by infarction. Classifications of lateral medullary infarcts are usually based on anatomical data, using rostrocaudal and dorsoventral ...
Dickens C M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The extent to which depression impairs health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the physically ill has not been clearly established. AIMS: To quantify the adverse influence of depression and anxiety, assessed at the time of first myocardial infarction and 6 months later, on the physical aspect of HRQoL 12 ...
Hayashi Seiji - - 2006
Pulmonary infarction is an entity of medical significance that develops concurrently in beta-thalassemia but not in alpha-thalassemia. The reason for this difference is yet to be elucidated. We have evaluated a 21-year-old male alpha-thalassemia-2 patient who had profound microcytic anemia and pulmonary infarction. Analysis of the alpha-globin gene revealed -alpha3.7/alpha ...
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