Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 247
1 2 3 4 5 >
Aburawi Elhadi H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Subclinical myocardial injury has been reported in newborns with fetal weights < 2 SDs for gestational age. Intrauterine growth restriction might affect cardiac function and coronary flow (CF). METHODS: Seventeen newborns with intrauterine growth restriction and 15 age-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Blood flow in the ...
de Jong S - - 2011
The heart contains a collagen network that contributes to the contractility of the heart and provides cardiac strength. In cardiac diseases, an increase in collagen deposition is often observed. This fibrosis formation causes systolic and diastolic dysfunction, and plays a major role in the arrythmogenic substrate. Therefore, accurate detection of ...
Kosmala Wojciech - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of spironolactone on left ventricular (LV) structure and function, and serological fibrosis markers in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) taking angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers. Myocardial fibrosis may be an important contributor to myocardial impairment in MS, and ...
Miwa Kunihisa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The etiology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is unknown. Orthostatic intolerance (OI) is common in CFS patients. Recently, small heart with low cardiac output has been postulated to be related to the genesis of both CFS and OI. HYPOTHESIS: Small heart is associated with OI in patients with CFS. ...
De Felice Claudio - - 2011
AIMS: Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder frequently linked to methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) gene mutations. RTT is associated with a 300-fold increased risk of sudden cardiac death. Rhythm abnormalities and cardiac dysautonomia do not to fully account for cardiac mortality. Conversely, heart function in RTT has not ...
Kazmierczak Katarzyna - - 2011
Familial Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (FHC) is a heritable form of cardiac hypertrophy caused by mutations in genes encoding sarcomeric proteins. This study focuses on the A13T (alanine to threonine) mutation in the human ventricular myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) that is associated with a rare FHC variant defined by mid ventricular ...
Henkel Danielle M - - 2011
The left ventricular (LV) scar size detected by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in ischemic cardiomyopathy (IC) has been correlated with mortality. However, the associations among myocardial fibrosis, ventricular geometry, and physiologic measures of myocardial performance remain to be defined. A retrospective analysis of patients with stable chronic IC (LV ...
Hofmann Ulrich - - 2011
Collagen breakdown and de novo synthesis are important processes during early wound healing after myocardial infarction (MI). We tested the hypothesis that collagen I, the main constituent of the extracellular matrix, affects wound healing after MI. The osteogenesis imperfecta mouse (OIM), lacking pro-α2(I) collagen expression, represents a model of the ...
Yarbrough William M - - 2012
Patients with severe left ventricular pressure overload secondary to aortic stenosis can present with signs and symptoms of heart failure despite normal left ventricular ejection fraction. This process occurs, at least in part, as a result of left ventricular pressure overload-induced extracellular matrix remodeling that promulgates increased left ventricular stiffness ...
Ommen Steve R - - 2011
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a fascinating disease of marked heterogeneity. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was originally characterized by massive myocardial hypertrophy in the absence of known etiology, a dynamic left ventricular outflow obstruction, and increased risk of sudden death. It is now well accepted that multiple mutations in genes encoding for the cardiac ...
Watanabe Hiroshi - - 2011
Recently, we and others reported that early repolarization (J wave) is associated with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation. However, its clinical and genetic characteristics are unclear. This study included 50 patients (44 men; age, 45 ± 17 years) with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation associated with early repolarization, and 250 age- and sex-matched healthy ...
Frey Norbert - - 2011
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most-common monogenically inherited form of heart disease, characterized by thickening of the left ventricular wall, contractile dysfunction, and potentially fatal arrhythmias. HCM is also the most-common cause of sudden cardiac death in individuals younger than 35 years of age. Much progress has been made in ...
Timmer Stefan A J - - 2011
AIMS: Next to left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by microvascular dysfunction and reduced myocardial external efficiency (MEE). Insights into the presence of these abnormalities as early markers of disease are of clinical importance in risk stratification, and development of therapeutic approaches. Therefore, the aim was to ...
Wu Bo - - 2011
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) is an inherited disease that is caused by sarcomeric protein gene mutations. The mechanism by which these mutant proteins cause disease is uncertain. Experimentally, cardiac troponin I (CTnI) gene mutations mainly alter myocardial performance via increases in the Ca(2+)-sensitivity of cardiac contractility. In this study, we ...
Franqui-Rivera Hilton - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common cardiac arrhythmia associated with major morbidity and mortality. Atrial enlargement, remodeling, and fibrosis are key to initiation and perpetuation of AF. Therapy for AF is directed at symptom control via rate or rhythm control, as well as prevention of thromboembolic events. In the recent ...
Young Morag J - - 2011
For 50years aldosterone has been thought to act primarily on epithelia to regulate fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. Mineralocorticoid receptors (MR), however, are also expressed in nonepithelial tissues such as the heart and vascular smooth muscle. Recently pathophysiologic effects of nonepithelial MR activation by aldosterone have been demonstrated, in the context ...
Hagège Albert A - - 2011
Elongation and pathological thickening of the mitral valve (MV) is commonly seen in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and its pathogenic basis is poorly understood. Associated features include mal-positioning of the papillary muscles and MV, as well as systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the MV leaflets, which can worsen the turbulence and ...
Wakabayashi Yasushi - - 2011
LEOPARD syndrome (LS), generally caused by heterozygous mutations in the PTPN11 gene, is a rare autosomal-dominant multiple congenital anomaly condition, characterized by skin, facial, and cardiac abnormalities. Prognosis appears to be related to the type of structural, myocardial, and arrhythmogenic cardiac disease, especially hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We report on a ...
Reithmann Christopher - - 2011
A 45-year-old woman, who had received a single-chamber implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) due to ventricular fibrillation 5 years ago, was admitted for catheter ablation of incessant right ventricular outflow tract bigeminy. After successful ablation recurrent torsades de pointes associated with a prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval were initiated by polymorphic ...
Kitaoka Hiroaki - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although it has been reported that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are associated with left ventricular (LV) remodeling in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the impact of plasma MMP levels in patients with HCM is somewhat vague. METHODS AND SUBJECTS: Plasma levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, and clinical/echocardiographic findings were ...
Gaspar João - - 2011
Thirteen years after her last thrombotic event, anticoagulation was discontinued in a patient with combined thrombophilia involving mutation in factor V and G20210A polymorphism of the prothrombin gene. The only history was of arterial thrombosis. Three months later she presented a transmural myocardial infarction caused by coronary thrombosis.
Smith Warren - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an uncommon inherited myocardial disorder characterised by fibro-fatty inflammation affecting the right and left ventricles. It most commonly presents with palpitations or syncope but sudden death may occur, especially in young males. METHODS: Diagnosis is not possible with a single test and may ...
Jurecka Agnieszka - - 2011
We present here the first literature description of a predominantly cardiac phenotype in a patient homozygous for missense mutation p.R152W in the N-acetylogalactosamine-4-sulfatase (arylsulfatase B, ARSB) gene. An adult Caucasian woman, who displayed very few symptoms up to her late thirties, was diagnosed with mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI) after ...
Hollingsworth K G - - 2012
Impaired cardiac function has been confirmed in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Magnetic resonance cardiac tagging is a novel technique that assesses myocardial wall function in vivo. We hypothesized that patients with CFS may have impaired development and release of myocardial torsion and strain. Cardiac morphology and function were ...
Castoldi Giovanna - - 2011
MicroRNAs play an important role in myocardial diseases. MiR-133a regulates cardiac hypertrophy, while miR-29b is involved in cardiac fibrosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether miR-133a and miR-29b play a role in myocardial fibrosis caused by Ang II-dependent hypertension. Sprague-Dawley rats were treated for four weeks with ...
Labombarda Fabien - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to evaluate myocardial strain analysis as a tool for the early detection of left ventricular functional changes in patients with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: A total of 42 consecutive patients (mean age, 24 ± 7.5 years; 52% men) diagnosed with cystic fibrosis and referred ...
Teng Bunyen - - 2011
Adenosine-induced coronary vasodilation is predominantly A(2A) adenosine receptor (AR)-mediated, whereas A(1) AR is known to negatively modulate the coronary flow (CF). However, the coronary responses to adenosine in hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis are not well understood. Using hyperlipidemic/atherosclerotic apolipoprotein E (APOE)-knockout mice, CF responses to nonspecific adenosine agonist (5'-N-ethylcarboxamide adenosine, NECA) ...
Salemi Vera Maria Cury - - 2012
A 69-year-old female patient presented heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and atrial fibrillation. Echocardiography and late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging were suggestive of endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF). The patient underwent cardiac surgery, and after surgery, she developed low cardiac output syndrome and died. Postmortem examination revealed residual fibrosis of ...
Lee Dong-Won - - 2011
A 22-year-old woman presented with ventricular tachycardia and heart failure of acute onset, and rapid hemodynamic deterioration despite medical treatment. The heart failure required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation followed by cardiac transplantation. The histopathological mapping of the ventricular conduction system of the explanted heart revealed focal fibrosis of the myocardium in ...
Kazemian Pedram - - 2011
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a genetic condition that presents with exercise-induced polymorphic arrhythmias. We describe a case report of a 25-year-old woman who had a cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation. Genetic analysis revealed a novel missense mutation in exon 90 of the ryanodine receptor (RyR2) gene resulting ...
Tan Alex Y - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in humans. It affects 5% of the population older than age 65 years and is projected to rise as the population ages. Experimental data from animal models of AF show that AF is associated with progressive structural and electrical remodeling of the ...
Lee Jaetak - - 2011
Many computational methods for determining the infarct volume from the image of 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride-stained brain slices rely on the discretion of the user to determine the infarct region by visual inspection. Once the user determines the infarct boundary by visual inspection, the methods compute the area within the boundary with ...
Song Mi Kyoung - - 2011
QT prolongation is a serious adverse drug effect, which is associated with an increased risk of Torsade de pointes and sudden death. Many drugs, including both cardiac and non-cardiac drugs, have been reported to cause prolongation of QT interval. Although meperidine has not been considered proarrhythmic, we present a unique ...
Xiang Sunny Yang - - 2011
To further characterize the functional role of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in early and late (second window) ischemic preconditioning (IPC)- and postconditioning (POC)-mediated cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. CFTR knockout (CFTR(-/-)) mice and age- and gender-matched wild-type (CFTR(+/+)) and heterozygous (CFTR(+/-)) mice were used. In in vivo studies, ...
Deswal Anita A Winters Center for Heart Failure Research and Section of Cardiology, Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2011
Cardiac fibrosis is a major determinant of myocardial stiffness, diastolic dysfunction, and heart failure (HF). By reducing cardiac fibrosis, aldosterone antagonists have the potential to be beneficial in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 44 patients with HFpEF, we examined the effects ...
Billia Filio - - 2011
Oxidative stress is caused by an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and the ability of an organism to eliminate these toxic intermediates. Mutations in PTEN-inducible kinase 1 (PINK1) link mitochondrial dysfunction, increased sensitivity to ROS, and apoptosis in Parkinson's disease. Whereas PINK1 has been linked to the regulation ...
van Hellemond Irene E G - - 2011
The myocardial area at risk (MaR) has been estimated in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) by using ST segment-based electrocardiographic (ECG) methods. As the process from ischemia to infarction progresses, the ST-segment deviation is typically replaced by QRS abnormalities causing a falsely low estimated total MaR if determined by ...
Yamasaki Masao - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: The influence of donor-transmitted coronary atherosclerosis (DA) on plaque progression during the first year after cardiac transplantation (Tx) is unknown. METHODS.: Serial 3-dimensional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) studies were performed within 8 weeks (baseline; BL) and at 1 year after Tx in 38 recipients. On the basis of maximum intimal ...
Prinz Christian - - 2011
In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) risk assessment with respect to sudden cardiac death (SCD) is currently based on the presence or absence of different risk markers (RM). Recently, myocardial fibrosis as detected by gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (GE-MRI) has been suggested as additional RM. We evaluated the prevalence of myocardial fibrosis ...
Konstantino Yuval - - 2011
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is a lethal arrhythmia that requires immediate cardioversion and is rarely self-terminating. Spontaneous termination is typically associated with more organized activation than sustained VF terminated by shock, but the precise mechanism is unclear. In the present case, we describe a patient with recurrent syncope and documented self-terminating ...
Berreklouw Eric - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for fast, minimally invasive sutureless replacement of mitral valves. METHODS: Unchanged FDA-approved biological valve prostheses were sutured to Nitinol attachment rings (Endosmart, Stutensee, Germany) that were covered with textile (devices). The lower flange of the device was stretched in ice water and maintained in a ...
Kanno Hiroyuki - - 2011
We report the autopsy results of a patient with systemic sclerosis with myositis lesions in the skeletal muscles and myocardium. A 69-year-old Japanese woman developed congestive heart failure and died due to respiratory failure with restrictive hypoventilation. The heart at autopsy showed dilated ventricular hypertrophy, and histopathology of the heart ...
Varrasi Claudia - - 2011
A 65-year-old woman presented with three "convulsive" events that were preceded by stabbing pain extending from the left submandible zone to the neck and ipsilateral ear. Video-electroencephalography captured a typical attack, where electrocardiography showed bradycardia for 17seconds and asystole for at least 9seconds. The patient lost consciousness while her head/gaze ...
Uchida Yasumi - - 2011
Glistening yellow coronary plaques (GY) seen on angioscopy are considered vulnerable to disruption. Collagen fiber (CF) is the main substance that protects coronary plaques against mechanical stress. Therefore, whether angioscopically defined vulnerable plaques correlate with those defined histologically was investigated. One hundred and thirty-two excised human coronary plaques were classified ...
Ishikawa Kiyotake - - 2011
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is a distinctive form of muscular dystrophy which is often associated with cardiac abnormalities. Conduction disturbances are frequently observed, and may necessitate pacemaker implantation to prevent sudden death. In this case report, we present an autopsy of a 31-year-old man with X-linked EDMD who developed only ...
Emiroglu Ozan - - 2011
Emerging perioperative genomics may influence the direction of risk assessment and surgical strategies in cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) affect the clinical presentation and predispose to increased risk for postoperative adverse events in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery ...
Shi Qiang - - 2011
Cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) are the primary cell type responsible for cardiac fibrosis during pathological myocardial remodeling. Several studies have illustrated that pirfenidone (5-methyl-1-phenyl-2-[1H]-pyridone) attenuates cardiac fibrosis in different animal models. However, the effects of pirfenidone on cardiac fibroblast behavior have not been examined. In this study, we investigated whether pirfenidone ...
Holmström Miia - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify early features of lamin A/C gene mutation related dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). We characterise myocardial and functional findings in carriers of lamin A/C mutation to facilitate the recognition of these patients using this method. We also investigated the ...
Zhang Zhihong Z Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94121, - - 2011
Both the Young-Laplace law and finite element (FE) based methods have been used to calculate left ventricular wall stress. We tested the hypothesis that the Young-Laplace law is able to reproduce results obtained with the FE method. Magnetic resonance imaging scans with noninvasive tags were used to calculate three-dimensional myocardial ...
Gulsvik Anne K - - 2011
Mortality statistics represent important endpoints in epidemiological studies. The diagnostic validity of cerebral stroke and ischemic heart disease recorded as the underlying cause of death in Norwegian mortality statistics was assessed by using mortality data of participants in the Bergen Clinical Blood Pressure Study in Norway and autopsy records from ...
1 2 3 4 5 >