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- - 2008
Whether nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors increase the risk of myocardial infarction in HIV-infected individuals is unclear. Our aim was to explore whether exposure to such drugs was associated with an excess risk of myocardial infarction in a large, prospective observational cohort of HIV-infected patients. We used Poisson regression models to ...
Baran Bulent - - 2008
We report on a 43-year-old female patient with multiple thrombotic risk factors who, in a few months, developed acute myocardial infarction, an ischemic cerebrovascular event and variceal bleeding due to portal vein thrombosis. The factor V Leiden mutation was carried in heterozygous form, homocysteine was elevated at 19.6 micromol/l, and ...
Gärtner Cornelia - - 2008
The elapsed time between the onset of symptoms and reperfusion is a critical determinant of the clinical course of patients with myocardial infarction. The patients' own decision time is the most important component of prehospital delay. Selective literature review based on the references in a meta-analysis, complemented by a PubMed ...
Haupt Christiane M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that working shifts is related to atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: The number of shift workers is continuously increasing. Shift work is discussed to be related with cardiovascular heart disease. METHODS: A total of 2510 subjects recruited for the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania ...
Darr Aliya - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We examined and compared the illness beliefs of South Asian and European patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) about causal attributions and lifestyle change. METHODS: This was a qualitative study that used framework analysis to examine in-depth interviews. SAMPLE: The study comprised 65 subjects (20 Pakistani-Muslim, 13 Indian-Hindu, 12 ...
Nurkalem Zekeriya - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between T-786C polymorphism of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene and slow coronary flow (SCF). STUDY DESIGN: A total of 56 patients with SCF but otherwise normal coronary arteries (mean age 48+/-9 years) and 37 controls with normal coronary ...
Chi Yung-Wei - - 2008
Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAD) is a highly prevalent atherosclerotic syndrome associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It is defined by atherosclerotic obstruction of the abdominal aorta and arteries to the legs that reduces arterial flow during exercise and/or at rest, and is a common manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis. PAD ...
Volcik Kelly A KA Human Genetics Center, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA. - - 2008
Complement factor H (CFH) is a plasma protein that is essential in the regulation of the alternative complement pathway and has been implicated as taking part in complement inhibition in atherogenesis. We evaluated the association of the Y402H polymorphism with incident coronary heart disease (CHD), incident ischemic stroke, and carotid ...
Tamemoto Hiroyuki - - 2008
We analysed the association of the Glu298Asp polymorphism of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and albuminuria in 337 Japanese diabetes patients. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of Glu298Asp of the eNOS gene was performed by amplification of genomic DNA isolated from whole blood ...
van der Krabben M D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine whether genetic predisposition to high levels of coagulation factors influences the risk of developing fatal and non-fatal arterial cardiovascular events in men with a first myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: We performed a cohort study among 542 MI patients with a mean ...
Kristiansson Kati - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: USF1 regulates the transcription of more than 40 cardiovascular related genes and is well established as a gene associated with familial combined hyperlipidemia, a condition increasing the risk for coronary heart disease. No detailed data, however, exists on the impact of this gene to the critical outcome at the ...
Zakrzewski-Jakubiak Marcin - - 2008
The progression and pharmacological response of heart failure-affected patients are subject to interindividual variability. It is also acknowledged that the genotype frequency of certain gene polymorphisms varies across different ethnic groups and that a difference in gene polymorphism frequencies between healthy and heart failure patients seems to exist. This study ...
Wilton Stephen B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to use a candidate gene approach to identify common polymorphisms that are associated with resting sinus heart rate in a population without overt cardiovascular disease. BACKGROUND: Increased resting heart rate is significantly associated with susceptibility to development of myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death, ...
Remmler Cornelia - - 2008
Inheritance of cardiovascular diseases has been the subject of a large number of retrospective candidate gene studies and is now a topic of genome-wide, single-nucleotide-polymorphism investigations using chip-array techniques. The question as to whether or not genetic variants could also influence drug response is much less well investigated, although many ...
Olivot Jean-Marc - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Thrombomodulin is expressed at the surface of endothelial cells and controls thrombin generation and thrombin-induced platelets and vascular cell activation. Several thrombomodulin gene polymorphisms have been associated with coronary events and brain infarction. In a previous analysis from the Etude du Profil Génétique de l'Infarctus Cérébral (GENIC) ...
Giulia Bivona
Cardiovascular diseases often recognize a hereditary-familial genetic risk patterns and a substantial proportion of variability in clinical features of atherosclerosis could probably be explained by genetic factors. Aim of this study is to compare prevalence of factor V Leiden, factor II 20210A, PAI-1-675 4G/5G and MTHFR C677T gene variants in ...
Schunkert Heribert - - 2008
Most cardiovascular diseases are multifactorial by etiology. As an example, the development of myocardial infarction is promoted by numerous risk factors, ranging from rather modifiable lifestyle habits (e.g. smoking, physical activity) to genetic predisposition. With respect to the latter, 15 years of candidate gene analyses have failed to explain the ...
Börgel Jan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme 2J2, an epoxygenase predominantly expressed in the heart, metabolizes arachidonic acid to biologically active eicosanoids. One of the CYP2J2 products, 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid, has several vasoprotective effects. The CYP2J2-G-50T-promotor polymorphism decreases gene expression and is associated with coronary artery disease. This association supports the vascular ...
Ciftçi C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) is an endothelium derived relaxing factor (EDRF) which has an important role for regulating the heart-vessel physiology. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the eNOS T-786C polymorphism on lipid parameters and the development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and coronary heart ...
Konduracka Ewa - - 2008
PURPOSE: Despite major advances in cardiology dyslipidemia continues to be underdiagnosed and undertreated. The study aimed to evaluate current prevalence of dyslipidemia and treatment efficacy in both coronary and non-coronary subjects. METHODS: 17,065 subjects aged 30-95 years (20.51%--coronary heart disease (CHD) patients), seeking medical help for disparate reasons from 675 ...
Sidelmann Johannes J - - 2008
Factor VII-activating protease (FSAP) is involved in haemostasis and inflammation. FSAP cleaves single chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (scu-PA). The 1601GA genotype of the 1601G/A polymorphism in the FSAP gene leads to the expression of a FSAP variant with reduced ability to activate scu-PA, without affecting the ability to activate coagulation ...
Stergiopoulos Kathleen - - 2008
The association between testosterone-replacement therapy and cardiovascular risk remains unclear with most reports suggesting a neutral or possibly beneficial effect of the hormone in men and women. However, several cardiovascular complications including hypertension, cardiomyopathy, stroke, pulmonary embolism, fatal and nonfatal arrhythmias, and myocardial infarction have been reported with supraphysiologic doses ...
Nabi Hermann H Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT. - - 2008
To examine the associations between positive and negative affect and subsequent coronary heart disease events independently of established risk factors. Prospective cohort study with follow-up over 12 years. 20 civil service departments originally located in London. 10,308 civil servants aged 35-55 years at entry into Whitehall II study in 1985. ...
Du Preez J J Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital and University of Cape Town, Cape - - 2008
A four-amino acid deletion was identified within the alpha 2C-adrenergic receptor (alpha 2C Del322-325) that, when homozygous, increases the risk of heart failure in African-Americans nearly six-fold. We hypothesised that homozygosity for the alpha 2C Del322-325 polymorphism may be a risk factor for heart failure due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy ...
Marker Craig D CD Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia. - - 2008
Many studies have shown that cardiac anxiety when occurring in the absence of coronary artery disease is common and quite costly. The Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire (CAQ) is an 18-item self-report measure that assesses anxiety related to cardiac symptoms. To better understand the construct of cardiac anxiety, a factor analysis was ...
LoPresti Rosalia - - 2008
In 105 subjects (97 men and 8 women) aged <46 years (mean age 39.6 +/- 5.5 years), with recent acute myocardial infarction (T1), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and total antioxidant status were determined; NO production was evaluated by measuring the nitrite and nitrate (NOx) concentration. The patients with acute myocardial ...
Jackson, Rodney T.
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death and a major cause of morbidity in New Zealand. Although the mortality rates are now declining, they remain high by international standards and there is considerable scope for the prevention of coronary heart disease. There is a paucity of New Zealand ...
Aminian Bahram - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a critical role in atherogenesis. The initial step in atherosclerosis is the adhesion of leukocytes to activated endothelial cells mediated by ICAM-1, an inflammatory protein. Several polymorphisms for Intracellular adhesion molecule -1(ICAM-) gene have been described. OBJECTIVES: To determine the possible role of G241R and K469E polymorphisms ...
Qiu Chunguang - - 2007
To explore the relation of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene polymorphism with coronary heart disease (CHD) and the severity of coronary artery stenosis, 130 CHD patients who underwent coronary angiography were examined for the number of affected coronary vessels (> or = 75% stenosis) ...
Mielke M M - - 2007
While there is considerable epidemiologic evidence that cardiovascular risk factors increase risk of incident Alzheimer disease (AD), few studies have examined their effect on progression after an established AD diagnosis. To examine the effect of vascular factors, and potential age modification, on rate of progression in a longitudinal study of ...
Ruhm Christopher J - - 2007
Panel data methods are used to investigate how deaths from coronary heart disease (CHD) in the United States vary with macroeconomic conditions. A one-percentage-point reduction in unemployment is predicted to raise CHD mortality by 0.75%, corresponding to almost 3900 additional fatalities. The increase in relative risk is similar across age ...
Adel Seyed M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the major risk factors among male and female patients with severe coronary artery diseases undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed on 897 (655 male and 242 female) patients from March 2001 to March 2006 in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, ...
Cornelis Marilyn C - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes and highlights recent advances in current knowledge of the relationship between coffee and caffeine consumption and risk of coronary heart disease. Potential mechanisms and genetic modifiers of this relationship are also discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies examining the association between coffee consumption and coronary heart ...
Shibata Rei - - 2007
In this review, we focus on the role of adiponectin as a cardioprotective agent in several pathological heart conditions. Obesity is closely associated with Type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. Adiponectin is an adipose tissue-derived hormone whose concentration is downregulated in subjects with obesity-related diseases. Hypoadiponectinemia has been identified ...
Xu Feng - - 2007
Alcohol consumption has an important effect on coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (CAD). Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is a key enzyme in alcohol metabolism. A G-to-A missense mutation of ALDH2 gene, which causes a Glu > Lys(504) substitution, was recently shown to be associated with carotid atherosclerosis; however, its relationship with ...
Velagaleti Raghava S RS Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, MA 01702-5803, - - 2007
Hypertension and coronary disease are major risk factors for the incidence and progression of heart failure. These two risk factors frequently coexist, and have additive and synergistic effects that promote both left ventricular remodeling and heart failure in the general population. The relative contributions of these two risk factors to ...
Zee Robert Y L - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the association of 2 nonsynonymous intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1) gene variants (Lys56Met and Gly241Arg) with baseline plasma soluble ICAM1 concentrations and with risk of total and selected cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in a prospective cohort of 23 014 ...
Botto Nicoletta - - 2008
We report a case of myocardial infarction at a young age in a subject heterozygous for the G20210A prothrombin gene variant and homozygous for the C677T MTHFR polymorphism, who presented a strong family history of atherothrombosis. Genetic screening for inherited thrombophilia, especially in the presence of a strong familiarity, may ...
Lai Chiou-Lian - - 2007
The aim of this study was to clarify whether the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) is related to ischemic stroke subtypes in Taiwan's Chinese population. Using the classification of Cerebrovascular Diseases III, 143 patients with lacunar infarction, 114 patients with atherothrombotic infarction, and 112 healthy controls were enrolled. APOE genotype was ...
Ozben Beste - - 2007
Testicular cancer is the most common solid tumor among young men aged 15 to 35 years. Combination chemotherapy with cisplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin remains the mainstay of treatment. We present a 27-year-old man who presented with an acute anterior myocardial infarction during the second course of chemotherapy for seminoma. Because ...
Kuroda J - - 2007
The C242T polymorphism of p22phox, a component of NAD(P)H oxidase, may have an impact on cardiovascular diseases; however, the association between this polymorphism and brain infarction is not fully understood. Here, we investigate the relationship between the C242T polymorphism and brain infarction in Japan. We recruited 1055 patients with brain ...
Juster Harlan R - - 2007
Reductions in exposure to environmental tobacco smoke have been shown to attenuate the risk of cardiovascular disease. We examined whether the 2003 implementation of a comprehensive smoking ban in New York State was associated with reduced hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction and stroke, beyond the effect of moderate, local ...
Hsueh K-C - - 2008
High expression of circulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been reported in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD). In the pathophysiology of KD, VEGF is considered to be involved, especially in the development of coronary artery lesions. This study aimed to examine whether the VEGF-634 promoter polymorphism is a marker ...
Pingitore Alessandro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Obese subjects have a risk of death from cardiovascular disease higher than those with normal body weight. Obese patients, however, have a better outcome when undergoing coronary revascularisation, and when suffering from heart failure or chronic kidney disease. The term 'obesity paradox' underlines the divergence between increased risk and ...
Andersson Sven Ingmar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We studied what patients with acute coronary heart disease (CHD) considered the three most stressful factors experienced during the month before testing and what they attributed their heart disease to. METHODS: We studied the occurrence and severity of physiologic, psychologic, and psychosocial stressors in 117 patients with acute CHD ...
Anderson Jeffrey L - - 2007
Atherosclerosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Coronary artery disease (CAD) and its clinical manifestation, myocardial infarction (MI), are equally determined by interacting environmental and (largely unknown) multigenic factors. Genome-wide and candidate gene searches for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) associations with CAD/MI (ie, coronary heart disease) often have ...
Sozzi Fabiola B - - 2007
A relative paucity of information concerns the natural history, clinical features and coronary anatomy in young patients with acute myocardial infarction. In particular, there is a dearth of data relating to sex differences in young patients. The objective was to evaluate whether or not there are correlations between the clinical ...
Raguz Miroslav - - 2008
Acute risk factors are activities and events that suddenly and transiently increase the risk of acute cardiac events, as reported recently in International Journal of Cardiology. It has already been reported that sudden submersion in cold water may provoke myocardial infarction in both subjects with atherosclerotic coronary disease and young ...
Diez Roux, AV
http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/55421/1/Diez Roux et al Psychosocial Factors and Coronary Calcium in Adults without Clinical Cardiovascular Disease 2006.pdf
Wang Yibo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to determine whether the common polymorphisms (SNP-604, SNP1192, and SNP1719) in KDR are associated with risk of coronary heart disease. BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor KDR (kinase insert domain-containing receptor/fetal liver kinase-1, also called VEGFR2) play critical roles in angiogenesis and vascular ...
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