Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1430
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Ciftçi C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) is an endothelium derived relaxing factor (EDRF) which has an important role for regulating the heart-vessel physiology. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the eNOS T-786C polymorphism on lipid parameters and the development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and coronary heart ...
Konduracka Ewa - - 2008
PURPOSE: Despite major advances in cardiology dyslipidemia continues to be underdiagnosed and undertreated. The study aimed to evaluate current prevalence of dyslipidemia and treatment efficacy in both coronary and non-coronary subjects. METHODS: 17,065 subjects aged 30-95 years (20.51%--coronary heart disease (CHD) patients), seeking medical help for disparate reasons from 675 ...
Sidelmann Johannes J - - 2008
Factor VII-activating protease (FSAP) is involved in haemostasis and inflammation. FSAP cleaves single chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (scu-PA). The 1601GA genotype of the 1601G/A polymorphism in the FSAP gene leads to the expression of a FSAP variant with reduced ability to activate scu-PA, without affecting the ability to activate coagulation ...
Du Preez J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A four-amino acid deletion was identified within the alpha 2C-adrenergic receptor (alpha 2C Del322-325) that, when homozygous, increases the risk of heart failure in African-Americans nearly six-fold. We hypothesised that homozygosity for the alpha 2C Del322-325 polymorphism may be a risk factor for heart failure due to idiopathic dilated ...
Stergiopoulos Kathleen - - 2008
The association between testosterone-replacement therapy and cardiovascular risk remains unclear with most reports suggesting a neutral or possibly beneficial effect of the hormone in men and women. However, several cardiovascular complications including hypertension, cardiomyopathy, stroke, pulmonary embolism, fatal and nonfatal arrhythmias, and myocardial infarction have been reported with supraphysiologic doses ...
Marker Craig D - - 2008
Many studies have shown that cardiac anxiety when occurring in the absence of coronary artery disease is common and quite costly. The Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire (CAQ) is an 18-item self-report measure that assesses anxiety related to cardiac symptoms. To better understand the construct of cardiac anxiety, a factor analysis was ...
Nabi Hermann H Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London WC1E 6BT. - - 2008
To examine the associations between positive and negative affect and subsequent coronary heart disease events independently of established risk factors. Prospective cohort study with follow-up over 12 years. 20 civil service departments originally located in London. 10,308 civil servants aged 35-55 years at entry into Whitehall II study in 1985. ...
LoPresti Rosalia - - 2008
In 105 subjects (97 men and 8 women) aged <46 years (mean age 39.6 +/- 5.5 years), with recent acute myocardial infarction (T1), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and total antioxidant status were determined; NO production was evaluated by measuring the nitrite and nitrate (NOx) concentration. The patients with acute myocardial ...
Jackson, Rodney T.
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death and a major cause of morbidity in New Zealand. Although the mortality rates are now declining, they remain high by international standards and there is considerable scope for the prevention of coronary heart disease. There is a paucity of New Zealand ...
Aminian Bahram - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a critical role in atherogenesis. The initial step in atherosclerosis is the adhesion of leukocytes to activated endothelial cells mediated by ICAM-1, an inflammatory protein. Several polymorphisms for Intracellular adhesion molecule -1(ICAM-) gene have been described. OBJECTIVES: To determine the possible role of G241R and K469E polymorphisms ...
Qiu Chunguang - - 2007
To explore the relation of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene polymorphism with coronary heart disease (CHD) and the severity of coronary artery stenosis, 130 CHD patients who underwent coronary angiography were examined for the number of affected coronary vessels (> or = 75% stenosis) ...
Mielke M M - - 2007
While there is considerable epidemiologic evidence that cardiovascular risk factors increase risk of incident Alzheimer disease (AD), few studies have examined their effect on progression after an established AD diagnosis. To examine the effect of vascular factors, and potential age modification, on rate of progression in a longitudinal study of ...
Ruhm Christopher J - - 2007
Panel data methods are used to investigate how deaths from coronary heart disease (CHD) in the United States vary with macroeconomic conditions. A one-percentage-point reduction in unemployment is predicted to raise CHD mortality by 0.75%, corresponding to almost 3900 additional fatalities. The increase in relative risk is similar across age ...
Adel Seyed M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the major risk factors among male and female patients with severe coronary artery diseases undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed on 897 (655 male and 242 female) patients from March 2001 to March 2006 in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, ...
Cornelis Marilyn C - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes and highlights recent advances in current knowledge of the relationship between coffee and caffeine consumption and risk of coronary heart disease. Potential mechanisms and genetic modifiers of this relationship are also discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies examining the association between coffee consumption and coronary heart ...
Shibata Rei - - 2007
In this review, we focus on the role of adiponectin as a cardioprotective agent in several pathological heart conditions. Obesity is closely associated with Type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease. Adiponectin is an adipose tissue-derived hormone whose concentration is downregulated in subjects with obesity-related diseases. Hypoadiponectinemia has been identified ...
Xu Feng - - 2007
Alcohol consumption has an important effect on coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (CAD). Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is a key enzyme in alcohol metabolism. A G-to-A missense mutation of ALDH2 gene, which causes a Glu > Lys(504) substitution, was recently shown to be associated with carotid atherosclerosis; however, its relationship with ...
Velagaleti Raghava S - - 2007
Hypertension and coronary disease are major risk factors for the incidence and progression of heart failure. These two risk factors frequently coexist, and have additive and synergistic effects that promote both left ventricular remodeling and heart failure in the general population. The relative contributions of these two risk factors to ...
Zee Robert Y L - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the association of 2 nonsynonymous intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1) gene variants (Lys56Met and Gly241Arg) with baseline plasma soluble ICAM1 concentrations and with risk of total and selected cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in a prospective cohort of 23 014 ...
Botto Nicoletta - - 2008
We report a case of myocardial infarction at a young age in a subject heterozygous for the G20210A prothrombin gene variant and homozygous for the C677T MTHFR polymorphism, who presented a strong family history of atherothrombosis. Genetic screening for inherited thrombophilia, especially in the presence of a strong familiarity, may ...
Lai Chiou-Lian - - 2007
The aim of this study was to clarify whether the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) is related to ischemic stroke subtypes in Taiwan's Chinese population. Using the classification of Cerebrovascular Diseases III, 143 patients with lacunar infarction, 114 patients with atherothrombotic infarction, and 112 healthy controls were enrolled. APOE genotype was ...
Ozben Beste - - 2007
Testicular cancer is the most common solid tumor among young men aged 15 to 35 years. Combination chemotherapy with cisplatin, etoposide, and bleomycin remains the mainstay of treatment. We present a 27-year-old man who presented with an acute anterior myocardial infarction during the second course of chemotherapy for seminoma. Because ...
Kuroda J - - 2007
The C242T polymorphism of p22phox, a component of NAD(P)H oxidase, may have an impact on cardiovascular diseases; however, the association between this polymorphism and brain infarction is not fully understood. Here, we investigate the relationship between the C242T polymorphism and brain infarction in Japan. We recruited 1055 patients with brain ...
Juster Harlan R - - 2007
Reductions in exposure to environmental tobacco smoke have been shown to attenuate the risk of cardiovascular disease. We examined whether the 2003 implementation of a comprehensive smoking ban in New York State was associated with reduced hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction and stroke, beyond the effect of moderate, local ...
Hsueh K-C - - 2008
High expression of circulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been reported in patients with Kawasaki disease (KD). In the pathophysiology of KD, VEGF is considered to be involved, especially in the development of coronary artery lesions. This study aimed to examine whether the VEGF-634 promoter polymorphism is a marker ...
Pingitore Alessandro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Obese subjects have a risk of death from cardiovascular disease higher than those with normal body weight. Obese patients, however, have a better outcome when undergoing coronary revascularisation, and when suffering from heart failure or chronic kidney disease. The term 'obesity paradox' underlines the divergence between increased risk and ...
Andersson Sven Ingmar - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We studied what patients with acute coronary heart disease (CHD) considered the three most stressful factors experienced during the month before testing and what they attributed their heart disease to. METHODS: We studied the occurrence and severity of physiologic, psychologic, and psychosocial stressors in 117 patients with acute CHD ...
Anderson Jeffrey L - - 2007
Atherosclerosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Coronary artery disease (CAD) and its clinical manifestation, myocardial infarction (MI), are equally determined by interacting environmental and (largely unknown) multigenic factors. Genome-wide and candidate gene searches for single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) associations with CAD/MI (ie, coronary heart disease) often have ...
Sozzi Fabiola B - - 2007
A relative paucity of information concerns the natural history, clinical features and coronary anatomy in young patients with acute myocardial infarction. In particular, there is a dearth of data relating to sex differences in young patients. The objective was to evaluate whether or not there are correlations between the clinical ...
Raguz Miroslav - - 2008
Acute risk factors are activities and events that suddenly and transiently increase the risk of acute cardiac events, as reported recently in International Journal of Cardiology. It has already been reported that sudden submersion in cold water may provoke myocardial infarction in both subjects with atherosclerotic coronary disease and young ...
Diez Roux, AV
http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/55421/1/Diez Roux et al Psychosocial Factors and Coronary Calcium in Adults without Clinical Cardiovascular Disease 2006.pdf
Wang Yibo - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to determine whether the common polymorphisms (SNP-604, SNP1192, and SNP1719) in KDR are associated with risk of coronary heart disease. BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor KDR (kinase insert domain-containing receptor/fetal liver kinase-1, also called VEGFR2) play critical roles in angiogenesis and vascular ...
Bartnik M - - 2007
Coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes are chronic diseases of substantial and growing prevalence. Their coincidence is common, markedly enhancing mortality and morbidity. The risk for cardiovascular disease increases along a spectrum of blood glucose concentrations already apparent at levels regarded as normal. Accordingly, strategies for the early detection ...
Amasyali Basri - - 2008
Leptin, a recently discovered obesity gene product, is primarily involved in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. Recent observations suggest that leptin has a much broader biological role other than regulation of body weight and energy metabolism. It has been shown that leptin increases sympathetic nerve activity, stimulates ...
Hosokawa Shinobu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Smoking is associated with an increased risk and extent of advanced atherosclerotic vascular disease, but few studies have examined the clinical effect of smoking cessation on human coronary endothelial function. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the effects of smoking cessation on endothelial function in patients with recent myocardial infarction. ...
Wu Tianying - - 2007
Fluorescent oxidation products in plasma are stable with routine blood collection methods and reflect oxidation in food, animals, and in vitro. Whether plasma fluorescent oxidation products predict future coronary heart disease has not been established. Among US men without cardiovascular disease who provided blood specimens in 1994 in the Health ...
Möhlenkamp Stefan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An asymptomatic and apparently healthy 64-year-old marathon runner underwent comprehensive cardiovascular risk assessment as part of a prospective study on calcified coronary plaque burden in master marathon runners. His profile suggested a low 10-year cardiovascular risk. INVESTIGATIONS: Conventional risk-factor assessment, coronary artery calcium quantification, bicycle stress test, echocardiography, coronary ...
Norata G D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Resistin is an adipokine that has been suggested to be correlated with markers of inflammation and to be predictive of coronary atherosclerosis and type II diabetes in humans. A common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (-420C/G) in the promoter of resistin is associated with increased resistin plasma levels and susceptibility ...
Mulvaney S - - 2007
Over the last few years, a vast variety of devices have been developed to close various septal defects through the transcatheter route. Haemolysis has been documented after Amplatzer device closure of patent ductus arteriousus, atrial septal defect, and ventricular septal defect. We report one patient with self-limiting haemolysis after implantation ...
Reid Robert D - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cigarette smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke cause coronary heart disease. Cessation dramatically reduces the incidence of primary and secondary cardiac events. The review presents up-to-date information regarding nicotine dependence, recent findings related to its treatment, and recommendations for addressing smoking cessation for the primary and secondary ...
Ekström Mattias - - 2007
To further elucidate the connection between inflammation and factor VII (FVII) taking genetic variation in the FVII locus into account, we have examined 387 patients after myocardial infarction and 387 age-matched and sex-matched healthy control individuals. Circulating levels of C-reactive protein, FVII antigen (FVIIag), activated FVII (FVIIa), fibrinogen and interleukin-6 ...
McCrindle Brian W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Most studies of coronary artery involvement and associated risk factors in Kawasaki disease have used the Japanese Ministry of Health dichotomous criteria. Analysis of serial normalized artery measurements may reveal a broader continuous spectrum of involvement and different risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic measurements obtained ...
Ford Earl S ES Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, - - 2007
Mortality from coronary heart disease in the United States has decreased substantially in recent decades. We conducted a study to determine how much of this decrease could be explained by the use of medical and surgical treatments as opposed to changes in cardiovascular risk factors. We applied a previously validated ...
Vecchione Lucia - - 2007
The human lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), encoded by the OLR1 gene, is a scavenger receptor that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. LOX-1 activation is an important mechanism that contributes to plaque instability and subsequent development of acute coronary syndromes. Association studies have implicated OLR1 gene ...
Koch Werner - - 2007
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms within the BAT1-NFKBIL1-LTA genomic region (6p21.3) and the LGALS2 gene (22q13.1), encoding a regulator for lymphotoxin-alpha, the product of the LTA gene, have been reported to be linked with the risk of myocardial infarction in Japanese. We employed nine polymorphisms from the BAT1-NFKBIL1-LTA region and one polymorphism from ...
Mukamal Kenneth - - 2007
Moderate drinking has complex associations with cardiovascular diseases other than coronary heart disease. Recent cohort studies examining the relationship between alcohol use and ischemic stroke have shown a modest association, with risk ratios approximating 0.8 and the lowest risk among those who drink less than daily. In contrast, alcohol use ...
Koch Werner - - 2008
It has not been clearly established yet whether the epsilon2/epsilon3/epsilon4 polymorphism of the gene encoding apolipoprotein E is associated with myocardial infarction. We addressed this issue in a large case-control sample and found no statistically significant relationship between the epsilon2/epsilon3/epsilon4 polymorphism and myocardial infarction. The epsilon2 allele and epsilon2epsilon3 genotype ...
Hao Xiaojin - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether local sequential delivery of vascular endothelial growth factor-A(165) (VEGF-A(165)) followed by platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) with alginate hydrogels could induce an angiogenic effect and functional improvement greater than single factors after myocardial infarction. METHODS: Alginate hydrogels were prepared by combining high and low molecular weight ...
Roe Matthew T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although documented traditional cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, smoking, and dyslipidemia) increase the risk of developing coronary artery disease, their influence on the treatments and outcomes of patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: Using data from the CRUSADE Quality Improvement Initiative, we ...
Chanudet X - - 2007
Diabetes and old age come together to increase the frequency and severity of coronary heart disease. Often clinically nearly silent, symptoms frequently manifest dramatically, to such an extent that the question of screening should be raised, as in younger subjects. Preventing these manifestations relies on better management of the cardiovascular ...
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