Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1430
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Shojaie Mohammad - - 2009
Premature myocardial infarction with life-threatening complications may become epidemic in some Asian and African countries and especially Iran. Fibrinogen is considered as one of the probable risk factors of myocardial infarction. The aim of our study was to assess fibrinogen levels as an etiology of premature myocardial infarction in young ...
Moser Debra K - - 2009
Perceived control is a construct with important theoretical and clinical implications for healthcare providers, yet practical application of the construct in research and clinical practice awaits development of an easily administered instrument to measure perceived control with evidence of reliability and validity. To test the psychometric properties of the Control ...
Saleheen Danish D Center for Non-Communicable Diseases, Karachi, Pakistan. - - 2009
The burden of coronary heart disease (CHD) is increasing at a greater rate in South Asia than in any other region globally, but there is little direct evidence about its determinants. The Pakistan Risk of Myocardial Infarction Study (PROMIS) is an epidemiological resource to enable reliable study of genetic, lifestyle ...
Farzaneh-Far Ramin - - 2009
Recent large-scale genome-wide association studies have identified a novel susceptibility locus on chromosome 9p21.3 that contributes a significant attributable risk for myocardial infarction. The phenotypic significance of this locus in patients with established coronary artery disease is unknown. We sought to compare cardiovascular structure and function in carriers and non-carriers ...
Zhang Xiaomin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) is implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, its role in coronary heart disease (CHD) is uncertain. This study explored the influence of circulating Hsp60 on CHD in a large case-control study, as well as the impact of acute myocardial infarction on Hsp60 levels ...
Bennett Kathleen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Heartwatch, a secondary prevention programme in primary care was initiated in 2003, based on the second European Joint Task Force recommendations for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD). The aim was to examine the effect of the first 2 years of the Heartwatch programme on cardiovascular risk factors ...
Sen Krishna - - 2008
Prediabetes is now considered as a definite entity for increased incidence of cardiovascular disease and a potent risk for progression to type 2 diabetes mellitus. As macrovascular disease is the commonest cause of increased mortality in dysglycaemic individuals (prediabetes and diabetes) by 2-4 times as opposed to normal individuals, clinicians ...
Lu Chengzhi - - 2008
Lower paraoxonase (PON1) activity and higher oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) levels are main risk factors of coronary heart disease (CHD). The aim of this study is to observe the characteristics of coronary artery lesions in CHD patients with or without hyperglycemia and relationships between coronary artery lesions and oxLDL levels ...
Farsang C - - 2009
The GOOD survey investigated the global cardiometabolic risk profile in adult patients with hypertension across 289 sites in four European regions (Northwest, Mediterranean, Atlantic European Mainland and Central Europe). Demographic, lifestyle, clinical and laboratory data were collected from eligible patients (n=3370) during a single clinic visit. In Central Europe, represented ...
DiBello Julia R - - 2008
Reduced rank regression and partial least-squares regression (PLS) are proposed alternatives to principal component analysis (PCA). Using all 3 methods, the authors derived dietary patterns in Costa Rican data collected on 3,574 cases and controls in 1994-2004 and related the resulting patterns to risk of first incident myocardial infarction. Four ...
Vasilakou Magda - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Genetic polymorphisms in the gene for endothelial nitric oxide synthase have been considered as potential risk factors for the development of coronary artery disease in some populations. METHODS: We studied two polymorphisms of the NOS3 gene, the VNTR in intron 4 (4VNTR) and the Glu298Asp polymorphism in exon 7, ...
Skodova Zuzana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Vital exhaustion has been shown to be a significant risk factor contributing to coronary heart disease, as well as a predictor of a worse prognosis among coronary patients. Socioeconomic differences in vital exhaustion may be part of the causal mechanism in the health and mortality inequalities connected with socioeconomic ...
Dalvi B - - 2008
Amplatzer device closure of large atrial septal defects is challenging. A large device tends to malalign with the plane of the interatrial septum or prolapses through the defect. We describe a balloon assisted technique which has been successfully used in over 300 cases without a single technical failure.
Patel J V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Abnormal adipocyte function is implicated in both the pathophysiology of coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiac function, where adiponectin provides a putative link. However, the utility of adiponectin as a discriminator of CHD severity is unclear and may be confounded by cardiac function. We hypothesized that plasma adiponectin would ...
Tousoulis Dimitris - - 2008
It is now widely accepted that the classic environmental risk factors for atherosclerosis only partly explain the incidence of coronary artery disease and the development of acute coronary syndromes. Therefore, genetic factors that vary among human populations seem to be involved in the clinical manifestations of such patients. Substantial data ...
Medina Pilar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Haplotypes A1 and A3 in the endothelial protein C receptor gene are tagged by the 4678G/C and 4600A/G polymorphisms, respectively, and have been reported to influence the risk of venous thromboembolism. We assessed whether these haplotypes modify the risk of premature myocardial infarction. DESIGN AND METHODS: We genotyped these ...
Arora Satish - - 2008
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and modification of established cardiovascular risk factors has become increasingly important in order to minimize the impact of the disease. In response to the considerable debate regarding the optimal use of therapeutic strategies, a range ...
Zhang X-H - - 2008
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the second leading cause of cardiovascular death in the Chinese population. It accounts for 22% of cardiovascular deaths in urban areas and 13% in rural areas. Although mortality from CHD in China is relatively low compared with Western levels, the burden of CHD has been ...
Geisler Tobias - - 2008
AIMS: To investigate an association of responsiveness to clopidogrel loading dose with genotypes of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19, other CYP isozymes and nongenetic factors in patients with coronary artery disease. MATERIALS & METHODS: Genotyping for CYP2C19 (*2, *3 and *17), CYP3A4*1B and CYP3A5*3 variants was performed in patients (n = ...
Saleem Tahir - - 2008
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is known to cause microvascular and possibly macrovascular complications. This study was performed to find the association between glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1C) level and the severity of coronary artery disease. One hundred and ten consecutive patients admitted to hospital with acute myocardial infarction were studied. Seventy-eight patients (70.9%) ...
Elkeles Robert - - 2008
Coronary calcium score measured by electron beam tomography provides an indication of current atherosclerotic burden in the coronary arteries. It correlates with conventional risk factors, but less so with Type 2 diabetes. Measurement of coronary calcium score has been shown to be a powerful predictor of coronary heart disease events ...
Sganzerla Paolo - - 2009
The role of coronary microvascular function in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy remains to be elucidated. In this study it was evaluated through coronary flow reserve (CFR) by means of transthoracic Doppler ultrasound imaging of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery in 5 consecutive patients without risk factors and/or concomitant diseases impairing, ...
Emdin Michele - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase activity (GGT) has been documented as an independent cardiovascular risk factor. However, to-date its value has not been compared with C-reactive protein (CRP) and other indexes in a multimarker prognostic strategy in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 474 subjects with angiographically documented CAD. ...
Tekeli Atike - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In most cells, DNA is regularly damaged by mutagens. Different DNA repair mechanisms operate on specific types of damaged DNA. When DNA damage resulting from free radicals is not repaired, it might lead to deteriorated gene expression, the development of a number of diseases such as cancer, diabetes, vascular ...
Shabbir Muhammad - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction is one of the most common life threatening diagnoses in emergency hospital admissions. Most of the complications occur during the first few hours while the patients are likely to be in the hospital. Although the mortality rate after admission for myocardial infarction has declined significantly over the ...
Azfar Rahat S - - 2008
The scientific literature linking psoriasis to metabolic syndrome, and its components, as well as atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction has rapidly expanded. Increasingly, epidemiological studies are establishing the directionality of these associations and psoriasis' role as an independent risk factor in developing these outcomes. Psoriasis is associated with metabolic syndrome, and ...
Pesek Ksenija - - 2008
Our aim is to determine if there exists a difference in risk factors and diagnosis between patients being treated on internal medicine ward for coronary heart disease who have higher levels of cholesterol in their blood and other patients, without proved higher levels of cholesterol, hospitalized for coronary heart disease. ...
Hoseini Kianoosh - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is controversy about the role of positive family history as an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease. The aim of this work was to investigate the influence of family history on presentation of coronary artery disease in adult offspring, and on its severity. METHODS: In ...
Tacoy Gulten - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between established risk factors and segmental localization of coronary artery disease. A total of 2760 patients who underwent coronary angiography were enrolled into the study. Coronary angiographic segmental evaluation was performed according to the scheme of American Heart Association. Patients ...
Reyes Santiago S Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2008
ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channel mutations have been identified in individuals with dilated cardiomyopathy and overt heart failure. Here, a common E23K functional polymorphism in the Kir6.2 channel pore versus cardiac phenotype was studied in a cross-sectional community-based cohort (n = 2,031). The KK genotype was associated with greater left ventricular ...
Cechetto David F - - 2008
Vascular cognitive impairment risk factors include stroke, hypertension, diabetes and atherosclerosis. In the elderly, vascular risk factors occur in the presence of high levels of amyloid in the aging brain. Stroke alters the clinical expression of a given load of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. Experimentally, large vessel infarcts or small ...
Trompet S - - 2008
Inflammation plays a prominent role in the development of atherosclerosis, which is the most important risk factor for vascular events. Lymphotoxin-alpha (LTA) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine and is found to be expressed in atherosclerotic lesions. We investigated the association between the C804A polymorphism within the LTA gene and coronary and ...
- - 2008
Whether nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors increase the risk of myocardial infarction in HIV-infected individuals is unclear. Our aim was to explore whether exposure to such drugs was associated with an excess risk of myocardial infarction in a large, prospective observational cohort of HIV-infected patients. We used Poisson regression models to ...
Baran Bulent - - 2008
We report on a 43-year-old female patient with multiple thrombotic risk factors who, in a few months, developed acute myocardial infarction, an ischemic cerebrovascular event and variceal bleeding due to portal vein thrombosis. The factor V Leiden mutation was carried in heterozygous form, homocysteine was elevated at 19.6 micromol/l, and ...
Gärtner Cornelia - - 2008
The elapsed time between the onset of symptoms and reperfusion is a critical determinant of the clinical course of patients with myocardial infarction. The patients' own decision time is the most important component of prehospital delay. Selective literature review based on the references in a meta-analysis, complemented by a PubMed ...
Haupt Christiane M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that working shifts is related to atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: The number of shift workers is continuously increasing. Shift work is discussed to be related with cardiovascular heart disease. METHODS: A total of 2510 subjects recruited for the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania ...
Darr Aliya - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We examined and compared the illness beliefs of South Asian and European patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) about causal attributions and lifestyle change. METHODS: This was a qualitative study that used framework analysis to examine in-depth interviews. SAMPLE: The study comprised 65 subjects (20 Pakistani-Muslim, 13 Indian-Hindu, 12 ...
Nurkalem Zekeriya - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between T-786C polymorphism of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene and slow coronary flow (SCF). STUDY DESIGN: A total of 56 patients with SCF but otherwise normal coronary arteries (mean age 48+/-9 years) and 37 controls with normal coronary ...
Chi Yung-Wei - - 2008
Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAD) is a highly prevalent atherosclerotic syndrome associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It is defined by atherosclerotic obstruction of the abdominal aorta and arteries to the legs that reduces arterial flow during exercise and/or at rest, and is a common manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis. PAD ...
Volcik Kelly A - - 2008
Complement factor H (CFH) is a plasma protein that is essential in the regulation of the alternative complement pathway and has been implicated as taking part in complement inhibition in atherogenesis. We evaluated the association of the Y402H polymorphism with incident coronary heart disease (CHD), incident ischemic stroke, and carotid ...
Tamemoto Hiroyuki - - 2008
We analysed the association of the Glu298Asp polymorphism of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and albuminuria in 337 Japanese diabetes patients. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of Glu298Asp of the eNOS gene was performed by amplification of genomic DNA isolated from whole blood ...
van der Krabben M D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine whether genetic predisposition to high levels of coagulation factors influences the risk of developing fatal and non-fatal arterial cardiovascular events in men with a first myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: We performed a cohort study among 542 MI patients with a mean ...
Kristiansson Kati - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: USF1 regulates the transcription of more than 40 cardiovascular related genes and is well established as a gene associated with familial combined hyperlipidemia, a condition increasing the risk for coronary heart disease. No detailed data, however, exists on the impact of this gene to the critical outcome at the ...
Zakrzewski-Jakubiak Marcin - - 2008
The progression and pharmacological response of heart failure-affected patients are subject to interindividual variability. It is also acknowledged that the genotype frequency of certain gene polymorphisms varies across different ethnic groups and that a difference in gene polymorphism frequencies between healthy and heart failure patients seems to exist. This study ...
Wilton Stephen B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to use a candidate gene approach to identify common polymorphisms that are associated with resting sinus heart rate in a population without overt cardiovascular disease. BACKGROUND: Increased resting heart rate is significantly associated with susceptibility to development of myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death, ...
Remmler Cornelia - - 2008
Inheritance of cardiovascular diseases has been the subject of a large number of retrospective candidate gene studies and is now a topic of genome-wide, single-nucleotide-polymorphism investigations using chip-array techniques. The question as to whether or not genetic variants could also influence drug response is much less well investigated, although many ...
Olivot Jean-Marc - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Thrombomodulin is expressed at the surface of endothelial cells and controls thrombin generation and thrombin-induced platelets and vascular cell activation. Several thrombomodulin gene polymorphisms have been associated with coronary events and brain infarction. In a previous analysis from the Etude du Profil Génétique de l'Infarctus Cérébral (GENIC) ...
Giulia Bivona
Cardiovascular diseases often recognize a hereditary-familial genetic risk patterns and a substantial proportion of variability in clinical features of atherosclerosis could probably be explained by genetic factors. Aim of this study is to compare prevalence of factor V Leiden, factor II 20210A, PAI-1-675 4G/5G and MTHFR C677T gene variants in ...
Schunkert Heribert - - 2008
Most cardiovascular diseases are multifactorial by etiology. As an example, the development of myocardial infarction is promoted by numerous risk factors, ranging from rather modifiable lifestyle habits (e.g. smoking, physical activity) to genetic predisposition. With respect to the latter, 15 years of candidate gene analyses have failed to explain the ...
Börgel Jan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme 2J2, an epoxygenase predominantly expressed in the heart, metabolizes arachidonic acid to biologically active eicosanoids. One of the CYP2J2 products, 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid, has several vasoprotective effects. The CYP2J2-G-50T-promotor polymorphism decreases gene expression and is associated with coronary artery disease. This association supports the vascular ...
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