Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1453
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Monteiro C M C - - 2010
Patients with metabolic syndrome are at high-risk for development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events. The objective of this study was to examine the major determinants of coronary disease severity, including those coronary risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome, during the early period after an acute coronary episode. We tested the ...
Karaali Zeynep Ermis - - 2010
Inflammation is a crucial component of coronary atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction (MI). Chemokine receptors are important modulators of inflammation. Polymorphisms in genes coding for chemokine receptors, CCR2 and CCR5, have been studied as genetic markers of coronary artery disease. In the present study, we investigated whether genetic variants of CCR2-V64I ...
Mugnolo Antonio - - 2010
We report a case of myocardial infarction at a young age in a person with a medical history of repeated thrombophlebitis, who was heterozygous for the prothrombin G20210A mutation and homozygous for factor V Leiden mutation. A coronary angiography revealed the presence of a moderate atherosclerotic plaque (60%) in the ...
Hu Bang-Chuan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) may be a crucial regulator of cardiac remodeling. We investigated the association between the TGF-beta gene polymorphisms and left ventricular structure. METHODS: A total of 658 hypertensive subjects were genotyped for the TGF-beta1 T869C and TGF-beta3 (rs3917187 and rs4252338) polymorphisms. RESULTS: TGF-beta3 rs3917187 AA ...
Kimotsuki Tomofumi - - 2010
Roughly speaking, restitution is the dependence of recovery time of cardiac electrical activity on heart rate. Increased restitution slope is theorized to be predictive of sudden death after heart injury such as from coronary artery occlusion (ischemia). Adrenaline analogs are known to increase restitution slope in normal hearts, but their ...
Weiner Shepard D - - 2010
Patients with established coronary heart disease (CHD) have a high risk of subsequent cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and death from cardiovascular disease. Adherence to evidence-based secondary prevention therapies for CHD has improved in recent years but still remains suboptimal. Mortality from CHD in the United States (US) ...
Rafanelli Chiara - - 2010
Despite its implications for treatment strategies, the potential role of previous depression on the medical course after coronary heart disease (CHD) has not yet been thoroughly studied. The aim of this study was to determine whether the presence of major and minor depression, dysthymia, and demoralization in the years preceding ...
Ghazouani Lakhdar - - 2010
Despite extensive exploration of many genes, strong evidence of a molecular genetic association with coronary heart disease (CHD) or myocardial infarction (MI) remains to be obtained. Recently, significant interest has emerged in mapping genetic susceptibility for complex traits through whole-genome studies association generating promoting data that will determine the genetic ...
Galasso Gennaro - - 2010
The clinical impact of PlA2 polymorphism has been investigated in several diseases, but the definition of its specific role on thrombotic cardiovascular complications has been challenging. We aimed to explore the effect of PlA2 polymorphism on outcome in patients with atherosclerosis. We studied 400 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease ...
Gerber Yariv - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and epidemiological studies have consistently shown an increased risk for cardiovascular events in relation to exposure to air pollution. The Israel Study of First Acute Myocardial Infarction was designed to longitudinally assess clinical outcomes, psychosocial adjustment and quality of ...
- - 2010
The optimization of preventive strategies in patients at high risk of cardiovascular events and the evaluation of bottlenecks and limitations of transferring current guidelines to the real world of clinical practice are important limiting steps to cardiovascular prevention. Treatment with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids improves prognosis after myocardial infarction, but ...
Yary Teymoor - - 2010
Despite significant improvements in the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD), it is still a major cause of mortality and morbidity among the Iranian population. Epidemiological studies have documented that risk factors including smoking and the biochemical profile are responsible for the development of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Psychological factors ...
Hueb Whady - - 2010
The MASS IV-DM Trial is a large project from a single institution, the Heart Institute (InCor), University of São Paulo Medical School, Brazil to study ventricular function and coronary arteries in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study will enroll 600 patients with type 2 diabetes who have angiographically ...
Sims Michelle M School for Health, University of Bath, Bath BA2 - - 2010
To measure the short term impact on hospital admissions for myocardial infarction of the introduction of smoke-free legislation in England on 1 July 2007. An interrupted time series design with routinely collected hospital episode statistics data. Analysis of admissions from July 2002 to September 2008 (providing five years' data from ...
Rabi Doreen M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Low income is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Diabetes is more prevalent among low income groups, and low income patients with diabetes have been shown to have a greater burden of cardiovascular risk factors and worse cardiovascular outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine whether income status ...
Van Dreden Patrick - - 2009
Several studies have indicated an association between haemostatic markers and acute myocardial infarction, but few or no studies refer to their activity. We studied plasma levels of 10 coagulation factors (fibrinogen, protein C, protein S, von Willebrand factor, D-dimers, factor VIIa, free tissue factor pathway inhibitor, tissue-type plasminogen activator, plasminogen ...
Pei Fang - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that coronary atherosclerosis and its most severe phenotype, myocardial infarction (MI), are chronic inflammatory diseases. Interleukins are important mediators and modulators of inflammation. The His161Arg polymorphism in the gene encoding of IL-17F has recently been consistently found to be associated with chronic inflammatory disorders. In ...
Leineweber C - - 2011
Background Covert coping with unfair treatment at work-occurring when an employee does not show the "aggressor" that he/she feels unfairly treated-has been found to be associated with cardiovascular risk factors. This study examined whether covert coping also predicts incident coronary heart disease. Methods A prospective cohort study (the WOLF Stockholm ...
Kawecki Damian - - 2009
The aim of the study was to compare the course of myocardial infarction in women versus men in Upper Silesia, an industrial region in the south of Poland. The study comprised 1003 patients with either ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). The patients were divided into group ...
Cengel A - - 2009
An increasing number of patients under 40 years of age are being hospitalized with the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. This is partly due to the increased prevalance of risk factors for atherosclerosis in the younger age group; especially increased incidence of impaired fasting glucose, high triglyceride, low high-density lipoprotein ...
Thiengburanatham Sanya - - 2009
Hyperhomocysteinemia and other major cardiovascular risk factors are associated with increased vascular oxidative stress. To access the effects preoperative plasma homocysteine levels and other atherosclerotic risk factors on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury after conventional coronary artery bypass, 213 patients with normal renal function were enrolled prospectively. Cardiac troponin T was measured ...
Lightwood James M JM Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of California, 3333 California St, Suite 420, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA. - - 2009
The estimated effects of recent pubic and workplace smoking restriction laws suggest that they produce significant declines in community rates of heart attack. The consistency of these declines with existing estimates of the relative risk of heart attack in individuals attributable to passive smoking exposure is poorly understood. The objective ...
Williams Paul T PT Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Donner Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, United States. - - 2010
One-half of Americans currently meet guideline physical activity levels. For these individuals, exceeding guideline levels may provide additional health benefits. Incident physician-diagnosed myocardial infarction and angina, revascularization procedures (CABG, PTCA), and ischemic heart disease deaths during 7.7-year follow-up were compared to baseline usual distance run in 35,402 male runners. Men ...
Heide Steffen - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The association of apoE polymorphism and coronary heart disease has been examined in numerous clinical studies. However, there are only very few autopsy studies on this topic, there having been none in Germany for instance. METHODS: In a retrospective study, we examined 121 cases where the autopsy revealed premature ...
Norekvål Tone M - - 2010
AIMS: To determine the relationships between different sense of coherence levels and quality of life, and in older female myocardial infarction survivors; to investigate how socio-demographic, clinical characteristics, sense of coherence self-reported symptoms and function affect quality of life; and to determine whether sense of coherence and quality of life ...
Grover Gurprit - - 2009
In this article an attempt has been made to investigate the 10-year trend of cardiovascular risk factors and common heart related sickness including angina, arrhythmias and congestive heart failure, and to study the impact of cardiovascular risk factors and heart related sickness on time between two acute myocardial infarctions. Chi-square ...
Maddox Thomas M - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adherence to secondary prevention medications among patients with coronary artery disease is essential in minimizing risks of recurrent myocardial infarction and mortality. Despite its importance, nonadherence remains a significant problem among this population, and a variety of studies have sought to determine its prevalence, contributing factors, and ...
Chikamori Taishiro - - 2009
Clinical features of ischemic heart disease in the elderly are different from those in non-elderly patients. The prevalence of female patients, hypertension and co-morbidity was higher in the elderly than in non-elderly patients. Atypical clinical presentation should be taken into consideration, particularly in patients with acute coronary syndrome, because early ...
Bhoomi Reddy - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Acute myocardial infarction is commonly known as heart attack. It is a multifactorial disease influenced by environmental and genetic factors.The objective of the present study was to investigate the association of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor gene A/C polymorphism in South Indian myocardial infarction patients.Subjects and methods. The ...
Georgoulias Panagiotis - - 2009
Coronary artery disease is associated with multiple genetic and environmental risk factors. In this study, we evaluated the correlation of angiotensin l-converting enzyme (ACE) (I/D) and ApoE gene polymorphisms (E2, E3, E4 and g.-219G/T) with myocardial perfusion. We examined 410 patients using exercise-rest myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography ...
Koch Werner - - 2011
A recent survey of 11,053 single nucleotide polymorphisms from 6891 genes suggested that the risk of myocardial infarction was related to specific genes so far not linked with atherosclerotic diseases. The genes encode the cytoskeletal protein palladin (PALLD), a receptor tyrosine kinase (ROS1), a taste receptor (TAS2R50), an olfactory receptor ...
de Laat Bas - - 2009
von Willebrand factor (VWF) serves as adhesive surface for platelets to adhere to the vessel wall. We have recently found that beta2-glycoprotein I is able to inhibit platelet binding to VWF, indicating a role in the pathophysiology of arterial thrombosis. In the present study, we investigated whether differences in beta2-glycoprotein ...
Tolstrup Janne S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The risk of myocardial infarction is lower among light-to-moderate alcohol drinkers compared with abstainers. We tested associations between alcohol intake and risk of myocardial infarction and risk factors and whether these associations are modified by variations in alcohol dehydrogenases. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used information on 9584 men and ...
van Straten Albert H M - - 2010
Various definitions of impairment of renal function after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are used in the literature. Depending on the definition, several risk factors are identified. We analysed our data to determine the risk factors for postoperative deterioration of the creatinine clearance of 10% or more. All patients undergoing ...
Pestana Carolina I - - 2009
The most common genetic defect associated with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a mutation in the Factor V gene (G1691A), known as Factor V Leiden (FVL). We investigated the genotypes for FVL in 571 individuals in Venezuela: 208 patients with DVT, 175 patients with acute myocardial infarction, 54 patients with ...
Godkar Darshan - - 2009
We describe the case of a 51-year-old female with no risk factors for coronary artery disease who had an episode of a non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction in association with an overdose of Venlafaxine. Cardiac catheterization revealed normal coronary arteries. Because no other obvious exacerbating factors for ischemia were observed, we assume ...
Bhardwaj Rajeev - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease has emerged as a major health burden worldwide. There is no study in Himachal about the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD), hence the purpose of the study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population based study was done in three different villages of different districts of Himachal Pradesh. The ...
Rassi Anis A - - 2009
Chagas heart disease (CHD) results from infection with the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi and is the leading cause of infectious myocarditis worldwide. It poses a substantial public health burden due to high morbidity and mortality. CHD is also the most serious and frequent manifestation of chronic Chagas disease and appears ...
Thøgersen Anna M - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine whether a first myocardial infarction leads to increased plasma levels of hemostatic factors and high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and whether the association between theses biomarkers and myocardial infarction was greater at follow-up compared with baseline. Of more than 36,000 persons screened ...
McCarey D - - 2009
Cardiovascular co-morbidity is now a recognised complication of chronic inflammation and an elevated acute phase response predisposes to hypertension, stroke and myocardial infarction. Dyslipidaemia is a feature of inflammatory joint diseases and is closely related to elevated CRP and Il-6 levels. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has an increased standardised mortality ratio ...
Grammer Tanja B - - 2009
This study examined the superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3) R231G polymorphism in relation to the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) and the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in 3211 individuals; 94.4% of study participants were homozygous for SOD3 231RR and 5.5% were heterozygous for SOD3 231RG. The odds ratios of ...
Palatini Paolo - - 2009
A number of epidemiologic studies and several experimental lines of research point to high heart rate as a main risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, translating research into clinical practice has been a challenge throughout medical history. From the present symposium, it appears clear that this is particularly the case ...
Burchardt Pawel - - 2009
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) plays an important role in arterial homeostasis. Its properties seem to depend on circulating IGF-1 level changes. The various IGF-1 levels are caused by varied expression of IGF-1 gene, due to the polymorphic structure of IGF-1 gene or its regulatory sequences. We examined the P1 promoter, ...
Rassi Anis A - - 2009
Chagas heart disease (CHD) results from infection with the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi and is the leading cause of infectious myocarditis worldwide. It poses a substantial public health burden due to high morbidity and mortality. CHD is also the most serious and frequent manifestation of chronic Chagas disease and appears ...
Cluett Christie C Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, United - - 2009
A common variant at chromosome 9p21 (tagged by the rs1333049 or rs10757278 single-nucleotide polymorphism) is strongly associated with myocardial infarction and major arterial aneurysms. An association with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) was also reported in a sample younger than 75 years, but this disappeared on removal of respondents with a ...
Golestaneh Ladan - - 2009
We describe the case of a young man with prolonged and severe chyluria from a previous parasitic infection. He presented with an acute myocardial infarction most likely secondary to increased clotting tendency. He had a spontaneously formed blood clot in his left anterior descending coronary artery. In the setting of ...
Bui Quang T - - 2009
Atherosclerosis is now recognized as an inflammatory/immunomodulatory reaction to the presence of oxidized low-density lipoproteins within the arterial wall, often times in the setting of such risk factors as family history, hypercholesterolemia, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and smoking. The progression to high-risk lesions such as thin-fibrous cap atheromas results ...
Gluba Anna A Department of Nephrology, Hypertension and Family Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Poland. - - 2009
Nitric oxide (NO) produced by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is a potent vasodilator. Several polymorphisms in the eNOS gene have been described, some of them being linked with the increased risk of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease (CHD), and coronary spasm. We studied 3 polymorphisms within the gene of ...
Zhang Hai-Feng - - 2009
The CD14 gene C-260T polymorphism has been reported to be associated with ischemic heart disease, but results were conflicting. To evaluate the role of the CD14 C-260T polymorphism in ischemic heart disease, we performed meta-analyses of all available data. Comprehensive searches for studies on the association between the genotypes (CC, ...
Schettert Isolmar T - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Association between ADAMTS13 levels and cardiovascular events has been described recently. However, no genetic study of ADAMTS13 in coronary patients has been described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on related populations frequencies and functional studies, we tested three ADAMTS13 polymorphisms: C1342G (Q448E), C1852G (P618A) and C2699T (A900V) in a group ...
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