Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1476
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Nakahara Shiro - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Definition of myocardial scars as identified by electroanatomic mapping is integral to catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT). Myocardial imaging can also identify scars prior to ablation. However, the relationship between imaging and voltage mapping is not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to verify the ...
Bigal Marcelo E - - 2011
Migraine, especially migraine with aura is an established risk factor for ischemic lesions of the brain. Recent evidence has also linked migraine with and without aura to a broader range of ischemic vascular disorders including angina, myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, claudication and cardiovascular mortality. The topic is therefore of considerable ...
Sharma Aditya M - - 2011
Acute myocardial infarction during pregnancy or the postpartum period is rare. We report a case of a 40-year-old postpartum woman who developed ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to severe diffuse coronary vasospasm. To our knowledge, this is the first case of angiographically evidenced coronary vasospasm in a postpartum woman, in the ...
Malbranque Gregory - - 2011
Myocardial infarction after blunt chest trauma has been reported in only few cases, and mechanisms of this complication have rarely been described. We report two cases of coronary artery lesions, one parietal hematoma of right coronary artery and one dissection of the left main coronary artery, which resulted in acute ...
Agarwal Rishi - - 2011
Isolated facial nerve palsy usually manifests as Bell's palsy. Lacunar infarct involving the lower pons is a rare cause of solitary infranuclear facial paralysis. The present unusual case is one in which the patient appeared to have Bell's palsy but turned out to have a pontine infarct. A 47-year-old Asian ...
Ouali Sana - - 2011
Right ventricular apical pacing-related heart failure is reported in some patients after long-term pacing. The exact mechanism is not yet clear but may be related to left ventricular dyssynchrony induced by right ventricular apical pacing. Right ventricular septal pacing is thought to deteriorate left ventricular function less frequently because of ...
Tate Mallory K - - 2011
Heart failure is a critical condition that affects many people and often results from left ventricular dysfunction. Numerous studies investigating this condition have been performed using various model systems. To do so, investigators must be able to accurately measure myocardial performance in order to determine the degree of left ventricular ...
Mart Christopher R - - 2011
Dissecting ventricular septal hematoma (DVSH) rarely occurs after repair of a ventricular septal defect (VSD) but can lead to serious complications such as septal rupture, myocardial rupture, cardiogenic shock, heart block, outflow obstruction, cardiac tamponade, abscess transformation, and death. This paper describes the diagnosis and management of acute, severe, left ...
Cansel M - - 2011
This study evaluated heart rate variability and its changes in 30 patients before and after transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defects. Heart rate variability data from 30 healthy volunteers with normal echocardiographic parameters and no history of atrial septal defects were included as controls. Values for the SD of ...
Kodo Kazuki - - 2011
Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most common type of human birth defect and result in significant mortality worldwide. Despite numerous epidemiologic studies in the past decades, few genetic causes have been identified until recently. CHD result from abnormal morphogenesis of the systematic cardiovascular construction during development. Recent advances in ...
Bathina Jaya D - - 2011
We present a case of a 43-year-old man who sustained a myocardial infarction due to infective endocarditis.
Ejim E C - - 2011
This paper aimed to evaluate the patterns of clinical presentation of adults with atrial septal defects (ASDs) who were diagnosed from transthoracic echocardiographic examination at the echocardiographic laboratory of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria, from February 2002 to June 2010. 2251 new echocardiogram scans, with additional ...
Zupanic Slavec Zvonka - - 2011
Heart surgeon Miro Košak was a pioneer of modern cardiovascular surgery in Slovenia; in 1958, he performed the first open-heart surgery with extracorporeal circulation, in 1965, the first implantation of heart valve and pacemaker, and in 1971, the first bypass on coronary arteries. He also paved the way for heart ...
Zoran Milenkovic J - - 2011
Congenital unilateral hydrocephalus is an uncommon entity occurring almost exclusively in children. Atresia, stenosis, membranous occlusion and even functional obstruction of the foramen of Monro have been described to be the main cause of this type of hydrocephalus. There are two options available in the surgical management of unilateral hydrocephalus: ...
Taksande A - - 2011
Double orifice mitral valve (DOMV) is an uncommon anomaly characterized by a mitral valve with a single fibrous annulus with two orifices opening into the left ventricle. Here we present a rare case of DOMV with ventricular septal defect (VSD) which was detected by 2-D echocardiography.
Panduranga Prashanth - - 2011
Accessory mitral valve tissue is a rare congenital anomaly associated with congenital cardiac defects and is usually detected in the first decade of life. We describe the case of an 18-year old post-Senning asymptomatic patient who was found to have accessory mitral valve tissue on transthoracic echocardiography producing severe left ...
Houyel Lucile - - 2011
Classification of the overall spectrum of congenital heart defects (CHD) has always been challenging, in part because of the diversity of the cardiac phenotypes, but also because of the oft-complex associations. The purpose of our study was to establish a comprehensive and easy-to-use classification of CHD for clinical and epidemiological ...
Korkmaz Sule - - 2011
During percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty, the Inoue method leaves patients with an iatrogenic atrial septal defect. In this study, we evaluated the factors affecting the development of iatrogenic atrial septal defect and searched for the possible influence of this defect on long-term outcomes.We reviewed the medical records of 267 patients ...
Da He David D Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. - - 2011
Continuous and wearable heart monitoring is essential for early detection and diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. We demonstrate a continuous, wearable, and wireless heart monitor that is worn at the ear. The device has the form factor of a hearing aid and is wirelessly connected to a PC for data recording ...
Sugiura Tadahisa - - 2010
Abstract  Cardiac rupture is mainly caused by myocardial infarction or blunt chest trauma. We present a case of idiopathic left atrial appendage rupture. (J Card Surg 2010;**:***-***).
Rekik Sofiene - - 2011
Univentricular heart is a complex and rare cyanotic congenital heart disease. When not operated, affected patients exceptionally reach adulthood. We report the unprecedented case of a 19 year-old young woman, admitted to the hospital for a severe deterioration of general status and ultimately diagnosed to have an infective endocarditis with ...
Rekik Sofiene - - 2010
Univentricular heart is a complex and rare cyanotic congenital heart disease. When not operated, affected patients exceptionally reach adulthood. We report the unprecedented case of a 19 year-old young woman, admitted to the hospital for a severe deterioration of general status and ultimately diagnosed to have an infective endocarditis with ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2012
A 39-year-old man with idiopathic monomorphic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs), exhibiting a right bundle branch block and inferior axis QRS morphology, underwent electrophysiological testing. After a radiofrequency (RF) application to the anterior mitral annulus (MA) eliminated the spontaneous PVC morphology, a second PVC morphology occurred. Pacing from the first ablation ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2012
A 57-year-old woman with idiopathic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) exhibiting a left bundle branch block and left inferior axis QRS morphology underwent electrophysiological testing. Mapping revealed that the earliest ventricular activation times during the PVCs recorded on either side of the interventricular septum were the same and no excellent pace ...
Johnson Candice Y - - 2011
Coagulation factor XII is involved in thrombus formation and therefore may play a role in the etiology of thrombotic disorders. A common variant in the factor XII (F12) gene (-4C>T, rs1801020) results in decreased plasma levels of this coagulation factor. The existence of associations between low factor XII levels or ...
Doyle Crystal G - - 2011
An adult female neutered domestic shorthair cat developed right heart failure 1 week after having surgical drainage of a neck abscess of unknown etiology established at our hospital. Echocardiography revealed a large vegetative mass adhered to the tricuspid valve. Post-mortem examination revealed fibrinous endocarditis and myocarditis associated with the presence ...
McAlister Alfred L - - 2010
After litigation against the tobacco industry ended in a settlement, the Texas legislature funded pilot projects to reduce tobacco use in selected areas of the state. Subsequent telephone surveys showed that well-funded activities were successful in reducing population rates of self-reported cigarette smoking. We present evidence that the reduction in ...
Mega Jessica L JL TIMI Study Group, Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2010
Clopidogrel and prasugrel are subject to efflux via P-glycoprotein (encoded by ABCB1, also known as MDR1). ABCB1 polymorphisms, particularly 3435C→T, may affect drug transport and efficacy. We aimed to assess the effect of this polymorphism by itself and alongside variants in CYP2C19 on cardiovascular outcomes in patients treated with clopidogrel ...
Addad Faouzi - - 2010
Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa is a membrane receptor which plays a key role in coronary artery disease and thrombotic events. However, there is a considerable controversy regarding the clinical impact of glycoprotein IIIa platelet antigen 1 (PlA1)/platelet antigen 2 (PlA2) polymorphism as a risk factor for myocardial infarction. To evaluate the ...
Amundson Dennis E - - 2010
The term "obesity paradox" refers to the observation that, although obesity is a major risk factor in the development of cardiovascular and peripheral vascular disease, when acute cardiovascular decompensation occurs, for example, in myocardial infarction or congestive heart failure, obese patients may have a survival benefit. In addition, it has ...
Moyssakis Ioannis - - 2010
Acute coronary syndromes are characterized by increased endothelial activation. The aim of this study was to investigate the behavior of coagulation factors V, VII, VIII and normal inhibitors antithrombin III and protein C during the acute phase of myocardial infarction. Thirty-six patients (27 men, nine women) and 35 normal individuals ...
Mazzantini Maurizio - - 2010
To assess the prevalence of comorbidity in a cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), treated or not with low-dose glucocorticoids (GC) and who have been followed for at least 10 years. This was a retrospective study by review of medical records. We identified 365 patients: 297 (81.3%) were GC ...
Zabczyk MichaƂ - - 2010
Elevated clotting factors and thrombin generation have been reported to occur in patients with heart failure (HF). Circulating activated factor XI (FXIa) and active tissue factor (TF) can be detected in acute coronary syndromes and stable angina. We investigated circulating FXIa and active TF and their associations in patients with ...
Kucinska Beata - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the right atrial (RA) and right ventricular (RV) size, and the speed of their normalization, in children after percutaneous closure of secundum atrial septal defect with the Amplatzer septal occluder. The study group consisted of 42 children, aged 4.5 to 18.5 years. ...
Baxter C Stuart - - 2010
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the primary cause of death among US firefighters during fire suppression. In other populations, exposure to respirable particles, including ultrafine particles, has been widely implicated as a risk factor for CHD. This study is the first to report detailed characterization of respirable particles released by ...
Pilz Stefan - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency is common among patients with myocardial diseases because sun-induced vitamin D production in the skin and dietary intake of vitamin D is often insufficient. Knockout mice for the vitamin D receptor develop myocardial hypertrophy and dysfunction. It has also been shown that children with rickets who suffered ...
Fam Neil P - - 2010
Myocardial ischemia triggers the expression of multiple angiogenic factors including vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptors. However, vascular endothelial growth factor does not act in isolation. To identify other genes important in the angiogenic response to clinically relevant myocardial ischemia. Paired intraoperative biopsies of ischemic and nonischemic myocardium were ...
Dawar Rajni - - 2010
The apolipoprotein A1 gene polymorphism (G-75A and C+83T) was studied in 100 subjects (50 patients diagnosed with myocardial infarction and 50 healthy subjects). Serum apolipoprotein (apo) A1 and apo B levels were estimated immunoturbidometrically. Extracted DNA from blood was amplified by polymerase chain reaction, digested with MspI restriction enzyme, run ...
Viera Anthony J - - 2010
Coronary heart disease is the most common cause of death in the United States. The conventional risk factor approach to primary prevention excludes many patients who could benefit from preventive therapies. A global risk approach allows more accurate estimates of risk to guide clinical primary prevention efforts. Global risk of ...
Leung Calvin C - - 2010
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a well-recognized complication of left-sided heart failure with preserved left ventricular systolic function that portends a worse prognosis. The identification of risk factors may provide insight into possible mechanisms for the development of PH in this population. Targeting these risk factors could possibly attenuate the development ...
Gottlieb Daniel J DJ VA Boston Healthcare System, and Boston University School of Medicine, 715 Albany Street, Boston, MA 02118-2394, USA. - - 2010
Clinic-based observational studies in men have reported that obstructive sleep apnea is associated with an increased incidence of coronary heart disease. The objective of this study was to assess the relation of obstructive sleep apnea to incident coronary heart disease and heart failure in a general community sample of adult ...
Olsson Bob - - 2010
Apolipoprotein C-I (apoCI) is implicated in lipid metabolism and inflammatory response, both important risk factors for human heart disease. However, most findings come from in vitro or animal studies, whereas data on human apoCI are sparse. To elucidate the role of apoCI in human disease, we analyzed a functional polymorphism ...
Sacré Karim - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) may cause coronary thrombosis. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of silent myocardial disease in patients with APS, using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients with APS and 81 control subjects without known cardiovascular disease underwent ...
Pulla Reddy B - - 2010
Recently, there has been increasing evidence that genetic variation in the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) plays an important role in myocardial infarction. Therefore, the present study was carried out with the aim of investigating the association of the ACE gene insertion/deletion (I /D) polymorphism and its levels in myocardial infarction patients ...
Baghdady Yasser - - 2010
The myocardial performance index (MPI) has been described as a non-invasive Doppler measurement of ventricular function. The aim of this study was to assess MPI following surgical correction of ventricular septal defect (VSD) and to evaluate its impact on postoperative recovery. This is a prospective study involving 30 children (16 ...
Chiodini Benedetta D - - 2010
While many studies have shown an association between the gene coding for adiponectin (ADIPOQ) and adiponectin levels, much more controversy surrounds its association with metabolic traits such as insulin resistance, obesity and type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, very few studies have looked into the relations between ADIPOQ variants and risk of ...
Ergen Arzu - - 2011
Myeloperoxidase is a lysosomal enzyme of polymorphonuclear leucocytes that contributes to inflamatory responses. In previous studies it was shown that MPO was synthesized in atherosclerotic lesions responsible of lipoprotein oxidations. We aimed to determine the MPO -463 G/A gene polymorphism distribution in Turkish population and evaluate the effects of it ...
Ekblom Kim K Clinical Chemistry, Department of Medical Biosciences, Umeå University, Umeå Sweden. - - 2010
Bilirubin, an effective antioxidant, shows a large variation in levels between individuals and has been positively associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk. A major reason for the variability is a common promoter polymorphism, UGT1A1*28, which reduces the transcription of the enzyme that conjugates bilirubin, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1. The aim of the ...
Williams Paul T - - 2010
Cardiorespiratory fitness has often been interpreted as a surrogate measurement of physical activity rather than an independent coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factor per se. Fitness is also known to be highly heritable, however, and rats bred selectively for treadmill endurance have low CHD risk phenotypes even in the absence ...
Morales-Suarez-Varela Maria M - - 2011
Polymorphisms in the AT1 gene have been associated with various parameters related to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases and to myocardial infarction. This study analyzed the relationship between two polymorphisms of the angiotensin II AT-1 receptor gene (AT1_1166 and AT1_573) and the risk of ischemic heart disease by studying their ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >