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Calvo I - - 2011
This report describes a myocardial transdiaphragmatic foreign body as a consequence of a suspected cranial migration of a sewing needle from the stomach of a dog. Surgical removal of myocardial transdiaphragmatic foreign bodies may be associated with significant haemorrhage that requires immediate surgical action, so direct visualisation of the retrieval ...
Miyazaki Takako - - 2011
Treatment of prosthetic patch endocarditis after closure of a ventricular septal defect is challenging. It is essential to reduce inflammation and prevent recurrence of endocarditis. We report a successful case of reclosure of a ventricular septal defect using an autologous atrial septal patch taken from the fossa ovalis. There were ...
Gajjar Trushar P - - 2011
Abstract  Coronary sinus type of atrial septal defect (ASD CS) is a rare cardiac anomaly and is rarely diagnosed by only transthoracic echocardiography prior to surgical operation. We now describe a technique to treat this defect with the aid of two-dimensional echocardiography, which prevents trauma to the conduction system and ...
Piantedosi Diego - - 2011
A rare association between situs inversus totalis (SIT), restrictive ventricular septal defect, severe subaortic stenosis, and tricuspid dysplasia was observed in an adult mixed-breed dog. Primary ciliary dyskinesia and Kartagener's syndrome were excluded. After 15 mo the dog died suddenly. The association between SIT and congenital heart diseases is discussed.
Elmagrpy Z - - 2011
Children with Down syndrome (DS) have about a 40 to 50% incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD). The objectives of this study were to evaluate the distribution and frequency of CHD patterns in Libyan children with DS. All patients with DS who were referred to the cardiology clinic between January ...
Kazui Toshinobu - - 2011
Septal hyper-contractility is thought to be the principal cause of significant left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOT) and systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve by making the distance between the mitral valve and papillary muscle shorter. A seven-year-old patient with severe hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy underwent direct interventricular septal ...
Crossett Marcus Peter - - 2011
CT myocardial perfusion imaging is an emerging CT application using density measurements of contrast-enhanced left ventricular (LV) myocardium. Using a 320-MDCT we have consistently observed lower Hounsfield unit (HU) values in the lateral LV myocardium, potentially mimicking perfusion defects. This study aimed to evaluate contrast-enhancement patterns of the LV myocardium ...
Nissen Jakob Dahl - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Animal models of pacing-induced heart failure (HF) are often associated with high acute mortality secondary to high pacing frequencies. The present study therefore exploits lower frequency left ventricular (LV) pacing (300bpm) in rabbits for 11 weeks to produce chronic HF with low acute mortality, but profound structural, functional, and ...
Hanninen Mikael - - 2011
While atrial septal defect (ASD) closure is known to improve morbidity and mortality in children and adults, data are only beginning to emerge about its role in elderly cohorts. The goals of this study were to compare outcomes after device or surgical closure of ASDs in the elderly, and to ...
Moreno Nuno - - 2011
The ventricular septal rupture is an uncommon complication of myocardial infarction (MI) with a reported incidence of 0.2% in the thrombolytic era. The outcome remains extremely poor, and surgical defect closure still remains the only therapeutic option improving survival. There are single reports based on a small series of case ...
Knecht Kenneth R - - 2011
Atrial septal dissection is a rare entity usually seen after surgical mitral valve repair, myocardial infarction, or endocarditis. This is a report of an atrial dissection in a young girl found on routine follow-up echocardiography after repair of atrial and ventricular septal defects. No identifiable predisposing risk was found prior ...
Chaudhry Tauseef Asma - - 2011
To determine the frequency of various types of ventricular septal defects (VSD) and associated complications in local paediatric population. A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted on children undergoing echocardiography in a single centre from January 2006 to December 2009 at Paediatric Cardiology Department, Ch. Pervaiz Elahi Institute of Cardiology ...
Yu Jian-Bo - - 2011
To determine the effect of sevoflurane combination with epidural anesthesia on myocardial injury in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing non-cardiac surgery The investigation was performed in TianJin NanKai Hospital, TianJin, China from November 2009 to March 2010. Eighty patients with CAD undergoing elective abdominal surgery were randomized into ...
Konopka Anna - - 2011
We report the case of a 70-year-old woman with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction of the anterior wall, complicated by ventricular septal rupture (two septal defects - VSDs) with symptoms of cardiogenic shock. After 6 weeks of conservative treatment with inotropes and intra-aortic balloon support, the patient underwent surgical repair of ...
Sadler T W - - 2011
Several epidemiological investigations have shown an association between congenital heart defects and the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class of antidepressants. At first glance this association may not seem to make biological sense, especially since, in many cases, serotonin is thought of as a neurotransmitter involved in signaling between neurons. ...
Lang Di D Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St Louis, MO 63130, - - 2011
Sinoatrial node is responsible for the origin of the wave of excitation, which spreads throughout the heart and orchestrates cardiac contraction via calcium-mediated excitation-contraction coupling. P wave represents the spread of excitation in the atria. It is well known that the autonomic nervous system controls the heart rate by dynamically ...
Carcano Carolina - - 2011
In this case Cardiac CT angiography has been the tool for evaluation of Atrial septal aneurysm. This cardiac malformation is well identified by echocardiographic techniques and cardiac-MRI sequences. Clinical significance due to left atrial dysfunction and increased thrombo-embolic risk has been described independently and in association to cardiac wall defects ...
Harvey Richard - - 2011
The paper by Kelly et al., from Margaret Buckingham's group at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, changed the way we think about the developing mammalian heart, as well as the origins of congenital heart disease. Prior to this work, classical studies showing that the heart tube grows in part by the ...
Parizkova Barbora - - 2011
New technologies are being introduced every day in the perioperative setting and perioperative practitioners will need to become increasingly familiar with transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE). TOE is used as a diagnostic tool during cardiac surgery in the operating theatre to direct the surgical procedure and to detect acute complications. TOE is ...
Yalçın Yalım - - 2011
Postmyocardial infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) carries a high mortality and, even after successful surgery, residual defect is common. A 75-year-old woman was admitted with the diagnosis of hyperacute anterior myocardial infarction. Primary percutaneous intervention was performed by stenting of a totally obstructed segment in the proximal left anterior descending ...
Stoker Thijs - - 2011
We describe two cases in which a biventricular implantable cardioverter defibrillator for cardiac resynchronization therapy had to be placed on the right side due to unsuitability of the left subclavian vein. Endocardial implantation of a left ventricular lead through the coronary sinus was previously attempted but was unsuccessful. Implantation of ...
Cho Jung Sun - - 2011
A 56-year-old male presented with resting dyspnea and chest discomfort for several years. During transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography, a spontaneously healed membranous type ventricular septal defect (VSD) with malaligned interventricular septal wall, aneurysmal changes, a subaortic ridge and a double-chambered right ventricle (DCRV) was observed. When combined with DCRV, VSD ...
Shen Deliang - - 2011
Cardiac dysfunction following acute myocardial infarction is a major cause of advanced cardiomyopathy. Conventional pharmacological therapies rely on prompt reperfusion and prevention of repetitive maladaptive pathways. Keratin biomaterials can be manufactured in an autologous fashion and are effective in various models of tissue regeneration. However, its potential application in cardiac ...
Perloff Joseph K - - 2011
Dextrocardia was known in the 17th century and was 1 of the first congenital malformations of the heart to be recognized. Fifty years elapsed before Matthew Baillie published his account of complete transposition in a human of the thoracic and abdominal viscera to the opposite side from what is natural. ...
Callaghan Michael A - - 2011
A 15 month old boy with a ventricular septal defect (VSD) underwent percutaneous device closure of the VSD. Five days later he collapsed; on arrival to hospital he was asystolic and received prolonged cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with intermittent return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). He had recurrent episodic complete heart block ...
Hayabuchi Yasunobu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate functional differences between the left and right sides of the ventricular septum in children with right ventricular overload. METHODS: Radial, longitudinal, and circumferential strain on both sides of the ventricular septum were compared using speckle-tracking echocardiography in patients with preoperative atrial ...
Kula Serdar - - 2011
Objective:  The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) in patients with all types of congenital heart defects and to determine the congenital heart anomalies accompanying PLSVC. Methods:  The present study is based on a retrospective review of 1205 children who ...
Bruneau Benoit G - - 2011
The developing heart forms during the early stages of embryogenesis, and misregulated heart development results in congenital heart defects (CHDs). To understand the molecular basis of CHDs, a deep understanding of the morphological and genetic basis of heart development is necessary. Atrial Natriuretic Factor (ANF) is an important and extremely ...
Guo Hong-Wei - - 2011
Abstract  Congenital heart disease combined with lung agenesis is extremely rare. We report a case of a 5-year-old female with a ventricular septal defect (VSD) and left lung agenesis with severe pulmonary hypertension who underwent successful closure of the VSD. (J Card Surg 2011;XX:1-2).
Hayes Nicholas - - 2011
A previously unreported tulip-like malformation of the left atrial disc was encountered during percutaneous closure of an atrial septal defect using the LifeTech Cera ASD device, requiring snare assistance to permit recapture into the delivery sheath. This was likely a result of attempting recapture the left atrial disc whilst it ...
Aaron Sagiv - - 2011
Percutaneous closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) and Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) has gained widespread use in recent years. We present a small series of four cases in which a "cobra" like formation occurred in an Occlutech Figulla device during the deployment of the left disk, and propose a ...
Kijima Yasufumi - - 2011
Coronary sinus defect is a rare type of atrial septal defect. We report two patients who had a coronary sinus atrial septal defect without persistent left superior caval vein, where the orifice of the coronary sinus was closed using the Amplatzer Septal Occluder. The procedure was successful, without any complications ...
Smolka Grzegorz - - 2011
We report a case of a patient with history of complicated infective endocarditis. Following aortic valve replacement, he developed heart failure symptoms related to paravalvular leak and ventricular septum defect. Comprehensive multimodality imaging allowed planning a simultaneous closure of both with a single device. Successfully accomplished procedure resulted in significant ...
Acar Philippe - - 2011
We report the case a 14-year-old male presented with a perimembranous ventricular septal defect. 2D echocardiography showed both left ventricular to right ventricular and atrial shunt. Left and right ventricular 3D "en face" views of the defect were obtained. 3D echocardiography delineated the morphologic nature of the ventricular septal defect, ...
Alrais F - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe the spectrum of cardiac defects in monochorionic (MC) twins discordant for congenital heart disease (CHD) in a referral center population. METHOD: Retrospective study of all twin gestations undergoing echocardiography between 2000 and 2009 at our institution. RESULTS: A total of 356 twin pairs were evaluated during the ...
Zhang Yali - - 2011
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of major and minor congenital heart defects among fetuses and neonates using sonography in a general population of 4 areas surrounding Shanghai, China. Methods- Pregnant women were recruited between April 2004 and December 2005 in Jiaxing City, Suzhou City, ...
Loomba Rohit S - - 2011
The number of adults with congenital heart disease is increasing as medical and surgical palliation for congenital heart lesions improves. With this comes long-term complications of congenital heart disease such as the increased risk of atrial tachyarrhythmias. Atrial septal defect, Ebstein's anomaly and post-Fontan patient subsets are particularly important to ...
Gupta Saurabh Kumar - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function in children. Limited studies are available on alteration in LV hemodynamics, especially diastolic function, after PDA closure. Thirty-two consecutive children with isolated PDA treated by trans-catheter closure were studied. The ...
Marai Ibrahim - - 2011
Percutaneous closure of an atrial septal defect (ASD) has been established as a safe and effective alternative to surgical management. We describe a case of a 41-year-old patient in whom an Amplatzer septal occluder device was used to close a moderately large ASD and who subsequently developed incessant intra-atrial macro-reenterant ...
Andersen Nicholas D - - 2011
A 7-year-old child was noted to have dextrojuxtaposition of the left atrial appendage at the time of surgical atrial septal defect repair. Given the favourable anatomic location and size of the atrial appendage, it was inverted and used to close the atrial defect. This is the first report of atrial ...
Vörös Károly - - 2011
A heart murmur was detected in a 10 mo old, female New Zealand White rabbit. Auscultation revealed cardiac murmurs both at the left and right hemithorax. Phonocardiography confirmed the systolic-diastolic nature of the left-sided and the systolic character of the right-sided murmur. Electrocardiography showed normal sinus rhythm; tall R waves ...
Artis Nigel J - - 2011
Despite modern surgical techniques, complications and early mortality remain high following postinfarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair. It is now possible to close these acquired defects percutaneously using, for example, the Amplatzer postinfarct muscular VSD device. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance is an important tool in determining appropriate case selection and device ...
Sharma Ajay K - - 2011
Ventriculoatrial Shunt After Nodal Ablation. A Gerbode defect that comprises a left ventricular to right atrial shunt is usually a congenital cardiac condition. Rarely, acquired Gerbode defects secondary to aortic or tricuspid valve endocarditis have been reported. We present a case of a Gerbode defect caused by catheter ablation of the ...
Upadhyay Shailendra - - 2011
A 6-month-old female with William's syndrome and biventricular outflow obstruction had a cardiac arrest due to myocardial ischemia soon after induction of anesthesia during cardiac catheterization. The patient was supported with extra corporeal membrane oxygenator (ECMO) and successful stenting of the left main coronary artery was performed as a rescue ...
Hezzell Melanie J - - 2011
A 6 year-old Labrador retriever was presented after being struck by a car. A ventricular arrhythmia, attributed to myocardial trauma, developed 12 h post-trauma. Echocardiography revealed lesions consistent with a subaortic paramembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) with shunting of blood from the left ventricle to the right atrium (Gerbode defect). A ...
Cabrera Marcelo - - 2011
Percutaneous atrial septal defect closure has been demonstrated to be a safe and effective procedure. Many different devices have been utilized during the last decade with a low complication rate. We report a patient who presented with cardiac tamponade 6 months after ASD closure using the Solysafe device. Emergency surgery ...
Troiani Diana - - 2011
Using an excised pig heart preparation with tubes, a manometer, and a visualizing apparatus, Giulio Ceradini, an Italian physiologist working in the years of 1871-1872 in Carl Ludwig's famous laboratory in Leipzig, Germany, illustrated the mechanism of closure of the semilunar valves. He was the first to conceive that the ...
Shaikh Ayaz Hussain - - 2011
The case of a 20 years old male, diagnosed as supracristal ventricular septal defect (VSD) for last 6 years is being presented. He came in emergency department with decompensated congestive cardiac failure. After initial stabilization, he underwent transthoracic echocardiogram which showed large supracristal VSD, severely prolapsing right coronary cusp, severe ...
Erdei T - - 2011
In patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) little information is available about left atrial (LA)function, and there is less information about LA appendage (LAA) function, and about their relations. 46 patients were selected for catheter ablation (CA) because of nonvalvular PAF.Transthoracic, tissue Doppler and transoesophageal echocardiography was performed before CA. ...
Aanhaanen Wim T J - - 2011
Defects originating from the atrioventricular canal region are part of a wide spectrum of congenital cardiovascular malformations that frequently affect newborns. These defects include partial or complete atrioventricular septal defects, atrioventricular valve defects, and arrhythmias, such as atrioventricular re-entry tachycardia, atrioventricular nodal block, and ventricular preexcitation. Insight into the cellular ...
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