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Franken Roberto A - - 2012
This review discusses atrial fibrillation according to the guidelines of Brazilian Society of Cardiac Arrhythmias and the Brazilian Cardiogeriatrics Guidelines. We stress the thromboembolic burden of atrial fibrillation and discuss how to prevent it as well as the best way to conduct cases of atrial fibrillatios in the elderly, reverting ...
Kruithof Boudewijn P T - - 2012
Cardiac cushion formation is crucial for both valvular and septal development. Disruption in this process can lead to valvular and septal malformations, which constitute the largest part of congenital heart defects. One of the signaling pathways that is important for cushion formation is the TGFβ superfamily. The involvement of TGFβ ...
Bakker E J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is associated with reduced cardiac stress compared with open repair and is an attractive therapeutic option, especially in cardiac fragile patients. General and locoregional anaesthesia differ regarding the stress response evoked by surgery. The aim of the study is to compare the incidence of cardiac ...
Monfredi Oliver - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the echocardiographic effects of percutaneous closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) in adults and assess which pre-closure parameters predict good response to closure. BACKGROUND: ASD is a common congenital heart disease often undiscovered until adulthood. ASD closure has been revolutionized by the use of percutaneous devices. ...
Uechi Masami - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether mitral valve repair (MVR) under cardiopulmonary bypass would be an effective treatment for mitral regurgitation in small-breed dogs. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-48 small-breed dogs (body weight, 1.88 to 4.65 kg [4.11 to 10.25 lb]; age, 5 to 15 years) with mitral regurgitation that underwent surgery between August ...
Takahashi Hiroaki - - 2012
Many surgical approaches have been taken when closing ventricular septal defects after correcting transposition of the great arteries in order to avoid postoperative complete heart block. We describe a residual ventricular septal shunt that developed after repair using de Leval's method in a patient with congestive heart failure. The defect ...
Lin C Huie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Double-outlet right ventricle (DORV) with a restrictive ventricular septum is a rare but highly morbid phenomenon that can be complicated by progressive left ventricular hypertrophy, arrhythmias, aneurysm formation, severe pulmonary hypertension, and death in the newborn. Surgical creation or enlargement of a ventricular septal defect (VSD) is palliative but ...
Binneto─člu Fatih Köksal - - 2012
Congenital left-ventricular diverticulum (CVD) is a rare cardiac malformation. Echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, multislice computed tomography, and left-ventricular angiography are diagnostic tools. In this case report, we present a 5-month-old infant with CVD associated with congenital ileal atresia. The diverticulum appears to be of the left-ventricular type.
Takahashi Kazuhiro - - 2012
Paroxysmal non-reentrant supraventricular tachycardia due to double ventricular response through antegrade dual atrioventricular nodal pathways by a single atrial excitation has been reported in limited adult cases but not in pediatric patients with structurally normal hearts or with congenital heart defects. We report the case of a 5-year-old boy with ...
Sakasai Yoshie - - 2012
Abstract  Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by a combination of severe defects in the middle of the chest and abdomen including intracardiac defects. Survival rate after cardiac surgery is extremely low. We present a successful staged complete repair of an omphalocele, a ventricular septal defect and ...
Kilicgedik A - - 2012
Postoperative ventricular septal defect (post-op VSD) after septal myectomy in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy is a rare and unexpected complication. We report a case of successful percutaneous closure of VSD following septal myectomy and mitral valve replacement in a patient with intrinsic mitral valve disease and severe mitral valve ...
Erol Cengiz - - 2012
Our aim was to evaluate congenital left ventricular wall abnormalities (clefts, aneurysms and diverticula), describe and illustrate imaging features, discuss terminology problems and determine their prevalence detected by cardiac CT in a single center. Coronary CT angiography images of 2093 adult patients were evaluated retrospectively in order to determine congenital ...
Zaffran Stéphane - - 2012
During cardiac looping the heart tube elongates by addition of progenitor cells from adjacent pharyngeal mesoderm to the arterial and venous poles. This cell population, termed the second heart field, was first identified ten years ago and many studies in the intervening decade have refined our understanding of how heart ...
Chen Ke - - 2012
Transseptal Puncture Through Amplatzer Device. Transseptal puncture is required for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. We report on a 59-year-old woman presenting with atrial fibrillation after transcatheter closure of a large-sized secundum atrial septal defect with an Amplatzer septal occluder. Direct transseptal access through the device was achieved with the aid ...
García-Fuertes Daniel - - 2012
Background: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common congenital heart diseases. Nowadays, percutaneous closure is considered the treatment of choice in most of secundum ASDs. Assessment of the defect and procedure monitoring have been usually performed by angiographic balloon-sizing and/or two-dimensional (2D) transesophageal echocardiography. However, in complex ...
Christensen Karen E - - 2012
Genetic disturbances in folate metabolism may increase risk for congenital heart defects. We examined the association of heart defects with four polymorphisms in folate-related genes (methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) c.677C > T, MTHFR c.1298A > C, methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) c.66A > G, and reduced folate carrier (SLC19A1) c.80A > G) ...
Dahdouh Ziad - - 2012
In patients with cardiogenic shock, the Extra-Corporeal Life Support (ECLS) has been shown to be lives saving. But, in some situations, it proves inadequate for the discharge of the left heart. Several device-based techniques have been proposed to decompress the left side either surgically or percutaneously, each of them with ...
Rahman F - - 2012
This prospective observational study was done to find out the frequency of various forms of congenital heart disease (CHD) diagnosed by echocardiography. During the study period (January 2002 to December 2005) 2050 patients were screened by echocardiography. All patients were evaluated by cardiologists and had chest radiograph, electrocardiogram and echocardiography. ...
Patnaik A N - - 2012
Percutaneus device closure appears to be safe and effective in patients treated for a residual shunt after initial surgical closure, as well as after two to three weeks of index myocardial infarction. The index case presented with a ventricular septal defect on second of acute myocardial infarction thrombolysed with streptokinase. ...
Yang Rong R Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors and mid-term outcomes associated with post-procedure heart blocks (PPHBs) after transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect (pmVSD). The development of heart blocks remains a major challenge for transcatheter closure of pmVSD. Transcatheter closure of pmVSD was carried out ...
Hummel J - - 2012
We report on a patient with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, ventricular septal defects and coronary sinusoids who suffered recurrent myocardial ischemic events that required cardiopulmonary resuscitation after stage I palliation. We identified the main reason to be a steal phenomenon of blood from the left coronary artery via the sinusoids ...
Fouilloux Virginie - - 2012
Percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defect is now commonly used. We report a rare case, and especially a rare image of aortic leaflet damage caused by percutaneous ventricular septal device. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Engleka Kurt A - - 2012
Islet1 (Isl1) has been proposed as a marker of cardiac progenitor cells derived from the second heart field and is utilized to identify and purify cardiac progenitors from murine and human specimens for ex vivo expansion. The use of Isl1 as a specific second heart field marker is dependent on ...
Sawit Simonette T - - 2012
Left atrial appendage (LAA) contrast filling defects are commonly found in patients undergoing multidetector cardiac computed tomography (CCT) before catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Delayed CCT allows quantification of the LAA delayed/initial attenuation ratio and improves accuracy for LAA thrombus detection, which may obviate routine transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) before ablation. ...
Korantzopoulos Panagiotis - - 2012
Data regarding sources of oxidative stress in the failing myocardium are sparse. Leukocytes actively participate in the oxidative damage observed in human heart failure (HF). The intracellular labile iron pool (LIP) represents a source of toxic reactive oxygen species. We studied patients with chronic systolic HF who had a left ...
Dardas Petros S - - 2012
We present the case of a patient who underwent a percutaneous secundum atrial septal defect (ASD II) closure with an undersized septal occluder device. One week and one month later she experienced two transient ischemic attacks. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed a residual patent foramen ovale (PFO) with a positive ...
Otoni Cristiane - - 2012
A 7-month-old, sexually intact male English toy spaniel weighing 4 kg was referred for evaluation of a subclinical cardiac murmur. Echocardiography disclosed fixed left ventricular outflow tract obstruction that was caused by attachment of a cleft anterior mitral valve leaflet to the interventricular septum. Neither atrial nor ventricular septal defects were ...
Sakaguchi Heima - - 2012
An intraatrial reentrant circuit was identified using an electroanatomical mapping system and evaluation of postpacing intervals in a patient with isomerism of the left atrial appendages and atrioventricular septal defect. Intraatrial reentrant tachycardia was eliminated on the basis of our interpretation of the reentry circuit being dependent on a new ...
Bourdial Hélène - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study compares the prevalence and perinatal mortality of congenital heart defects on La Réunion with European (EUROCAT) standards.Methods and resultsData were extracted from a EUROCAT-affiliated congenital malformations registry, covering 88,025 births during the period 2002-2007, on the whole island territory. A total of 512 congenital heart defects were ...
Do─čan A - - 2012
Noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (NVM) is a rare cardiac anomaly which can lead to the development of cardiomyopathy. NVM can be isolated or associated with congenital heart anomalies such as ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, pulmonic stenosis, bicuspid aortic valve, and Ebstein anomaly. NVM usually presents with heart ...
Nguyen B L - - 2012
A 54-year-old woman with history of septal atrial mixoma surgically treated and drug-refractory supraventricular tachyarrhythmia underwent catheter ablation of macro-reentry areas near the pericardial patch placed to repair an interatrial defect. The use of ablative therapy has been successful to cure this arrhythmia.
Morishima Itsuro - - 2012
Left Posterior Fascicle and Idiopathic Left VT. The left posterior fascicle may be a bystander of the circuit of verapamil-sensitive idiopathic left ventricular tachycardia. During ventricular tachycardia (VT), 3 sequences of potentials were seen at the left posterior septum: diastolic Purkinje potentials propagating from base to apex and presystolic left ...
Patil M M - - 2012
We report a 3-year old boy with acute onset of left sided facial palsy secondary to tick infestation in the left ear. On 7th day of follow-up, following tick removal, the facial palsy had resolved.
Kogon Brian E - - 2012
More and more children with congenital heart disease are surviving into adulthood. These patients are forcing adult congenital cardiac surgeons to develop innovative approaches to correct their complex anatomy and physiology. This report describes a patient with a congenitally malformed heart necessitating a novel approach to access the tricuspid valve-a ...
Ilhan Erkan - - 2012
Congenital absence of the pericardium is a rare cardiac defect with variable clinical presentations and is usually discovered incidentally. The pathology may lead to serious complications such as incarceration of cardiac tissue, myocardial ischemia, aortic dissection or valvular insufficiency. Diagnosis is not difficult so long as some tips are remembered. ...
Pantin Enrique J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Coronary sinus cannulation for retrograde cardioplegia administration during cardiac surgery is common practice. Several of the cannulas that are placed by the cardiac surgeon on open procedures are now placed by the cardiac anesthesiologist during minimally invasive cardiac surgery, including the coronary sinus catheter. The understanding of the cardiac ...
Erdem Sevcan - - 2012
Atrioventricular (AV) block is a potential risk after transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) with the Amplatzer perimembranous device. We present herein a case of a 6.5-year-old female patient who developed complete AV block six days after closure of VSD and recovered with steroid and salicylate treatment. It ...
Yuan Yi-Qiang - - 2012
The percutaneous transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) is increasingly a widespread alternative to surgical closure. The aim of this study was to assess long-term results of percutaneous closure of secundum-type atrial septal defect (ASDII). Between January 2001 and December 2005, 61 patients underwent a successful percutaneous closure ...
Cheema Faisal H - - 2012
An uncommon complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), postinfarction ventricular septal defect (PI-VSD), often yields devastating outcomes. Because of the strikingly poor quality of the residual tissue, the repair of PI-VSD poses a surgical challenge and is associated with high operative mortality as well as residual or recurrent shunting. Among ...
Selvan R Barani - - 2012
Interference of monitored electrocardiogram (ECG) is a common event in intensive care units and operation theaters. Artifacts in the ECG tracing can resemble serious arrhythmia, thus leading to unnecessary usage of antiarrhythmics or electrical defibrillation. In addition, ECG artifacts may lead to serious hemodynamic consequences secondary to intra-aortic balloon pump ...
Asai Tohru - - 2012
We introduce a novel technique of ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure through right ventricular incision and through the VSD. It should provide extended and better-anchored coverage of the VSD margin and create a completely leak-free "sandwich" double patch by using large interrupted horizontal mattress sutures only, with no incision in ...
McAlister Blair S - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation is the most common complication occurring after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. The purpose of this article was to examine the incidence of, risk factors related to, and complications caused by postoperative atrial fibrillation. The pathophysiology and treatment of atrial fibrillation and postoperative atrial fibrillation will also be ...
Kumar A Umesh - - 2012
Congenital complete heart block could be absolutely asymptomatic. Increased awareness of suspecting an atrioventricular heart block in patients with slow heart rate and electrocardiograph examination will ensure recognition of this problem. The possibility of sudden cardiac death in these patients should not be forgotten. The goal in the peri-operative anaesthetic ...
Dehghani Hossein - - 2012
Ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) is a common congenital heart defect. The adverse prognosis of untreated ASD diagnosed in childhood is well studied and percutaneous device closure of these ASDs has evolved to become the standard of care in both pediatric and young adult populations. There is a growing ...
Kaya Yuksel - - 2012
Background. B-type natriuretic peptide has been shown to be a very sensitive and specific marker of heart failure. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defects with Amplatzer septal occluders on brain natriuretic peptide levels. Methods. Between 2008 and 2011, 23 patients ...
Katsanos Konstantinos - - 2012
To date, most animal studies of myocardial ischemia have used open-chest models with direct surgical coronary artery ligation. We aimed to develop a novel, percutaneous, minimally-invasive, closed-chest model of experimental myocardial infarction (EMI) in the New Zealand White rabbit and compare it with the standard open-chest surgical model in order ...
Kumar Sudeep - - 2012
Penetrating chest trauma can cause a wide variety of cardiac injuries, including myocardial contusion, damage to the interventricular septum, laceration of the coronary arteries, and free-wall rupture. Herein, we describe the case of a 21-year-old man who presented with congestive heart failure, which was secondary to an old myocardial infarction ...
Tarkowska Agata - - 2012
Heart diseases are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in newborns. Diagnostic methods are often not sufficient or, in many cases, cannot be used. There is a great advance in medical knowledge concerning biomarkers in the diagnosis of circulatory system in adult patients. Among them, cardiac troponins play the ...
Bai Wenjuan - - 2012
We sought both to evaluate the clinical value of transesophageal echocardiography in minimally invasive surgical closure of ventricular septal defects and to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of the surgical occlusion procedure. We selected 49 pediatric patients who had perimembranous ventricular septal defects as determined by preoperative transthoracic echocardiographic ...
Paraskevas Kosmas I - - 2011
Like the earlier multicenter General Anesthesia (GA) versus Local Anaesthesia (LA) anesthesia for carotid surgery (GALA) trial, a recent independent study showed no difference in transient ischemic attack, stroke, myocardial infarction, and death rates between carotid endarterectomy (CEA) performed under LA compared with GA. Besides these outcomes, however, several additional ...
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