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Caselli Stefano S Institute of Sports Medicine and Science, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Identification of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) in young athletes is challenging when left ventricular (LV) wall thickness is between 13 and 15 mm. The aim of this study was to revise the ability of simple echocardiographic and clinical variables for the differential diagnosis of HC versus athlete's heart. Twenty-eight athletes free of ...
Tamura Akira A Department of Cardiology and Clinical Examination, Oita University, Yufu, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obtaining a right-chest electrocardiogram is essential for diagnosing concomitant right ventricular infarction in patients with inferior wall acute myocardial infarctions. A software program to synthesize right-chest electrocardiographic waveforms from 12-lead electrocardiographic waveforms is available in Japan. However, its reliability has not been fully investigated. Accordingly, the aim of this study ...
Medrano-Gracia Pau - - 2014
Although left ventricular cardiac geometric indices such as size and sphericity characterize adverse remodeling and have prognostic value in symptomatic patients, little is known of shape distributions in subclinical populations. We sought to quantify shape variation across a large number of asymptomatic volunteers, and examine differences among sub-cohorts. An atlas ...
Khan Abdur Rahman AR Department of Internal Medicine, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, - - 2014
Evidence suggests that ischemic postconditioning (IPoC) may reduce the extent of reperfusion injury. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, which compared the role of IPoC during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to PCI alone (control group) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Several databases were searched, which yielded 19 ...
Promphan Worakan - - 2014
Post-repaired Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients require comprehensive evaluation of the right ventricular (RV) size and function. Currently, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) is considered to be the gold standard for RV function assessment. Echocardiogram (ECHO) is the most useful non-invasive tool for RV assessment. However, correlations of ECHO and ...
Patel Ketul V KV Department of Radiology, King's College Hospital, King's College London, Denmark Hill, London, SE5 9RS - - 2014
Segmental testicular infarction is a rare cause of acute scrotal pain. The appearances on grey-scale sonography are often indistinguishable from that of a testicular tumour, resulting in unnecessary orchiectomy. We report a case of acute bilateral testicular infarction, of unknown etiology, which was conservatively managed to resolution following a confident ...
Sardi Gabriel L GL Interventional Cardiology, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, - - 2014
The study aimed to determine if utilization of the CodeHeart application (CHap) reduces door-to-balloon (DTB) times of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. A pre-hospital electrocardiogram improves the management of patients with STEMI. Current telecommunication systems do not permit real-time interaction with the initial care providers. Our institution developed a ...
Abdelnoor M M Centre of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Norway ; Centre of Clinical Heart Research, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, - - 2014
We aimed to summarize the evidence from randomized clinical trials studies examining the efficacy of ischemic postconditioning (IPost) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The study was a systematic review and critical appraisal, with meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. We searched the literature. A total of 21 randomized clinical trials were identified. ...
Zhang Shuai S Department of Radiology, National Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, - - 2014
To determine whether 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could assess right ventricular (RV) function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and if this assessment is correlated with the New York Heart Function Assessment (NYHA) classification. Forty-six patients with HCM and 23 normal individuals were recruited. Left and right ventricular function ...
Narayanan Kumar K Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA (K.N., K.R., C.T., A.U.E., H.C., - - 2014
Left ventricular (LV) diameter is routinely measured on the echocardiogram but has not been jointly evaluated with the ejection fraction (EF) for risk stratification of sudden cardiac death (SCD). From a large ongoing community-based study of SCD (The Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study; population ≈1 million), SCD cases were compared ...
Staab Wieland W Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Georg-August-University, Robert-Koch-Str. 40, 37075 Goettingen, Germany ; DZHK, Göttingen, - - 2014
Aim of the study was to investigate diagnostic accuracy of cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) between left ventricular end-systolic (LVES) and left ventricular end-diastolic (LVED) cardiac phase for thrombus detection in patient's prior to pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). 182 consecutive Patients with drug refractory AF scheduled for PVI (62.6% male, ...
Kowallick Johannes T JT Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Georg-August-University Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany; DZHK (German Centre for Cardiovascular Research), partner site Göttingen, Göttingen, - - 2014
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) offers quantification of myocardial deformation from routine cine images. However, data using CMR-FT to quantify left ventricular (LV) torsion and diastolic recoil are not yet available. We therefore sought to evaluate the feasibility and reproducibility of CMR-FT to quantify LV torsion and peak recoil ...
Laddha Mukesh - - 2014
To assess the prevalence of systolic and diastolic dysfunction in patients of end stage renal disease (ESRD) on haemodialysis. Seventy patients with ESRD were subjected to two-dimensional and M mode echocardiography for determination of systolic and diastolic dysfunction. All patients were evaluated clinically, biochemically and radiologically and were diagnosed as ...
Feng Yuanbo Y Yuanbo Feng, Feng Chen, Jie Yu, Marlein Miranda Cona, Yicheng Ni, Theragnostic Laboratory, Department of Imaging and Pathology, Biomedical Sciences Group, 3000 KU Leuven, - - 2013
To develop a method for studying myocardial area at risk (AAR) in ischemic heart disease in correlation with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI). Nine rabbits were anesthetized, intubated and subjected to occlusion and reperfusion of the left circumflex coronary artery (LCx) to induce myocardial infarction (MI). ECG-triggered cMRI with delayed ...
Harada Mana - - 2013
Thrombolytic therapy for coronary aneurysm thrombosis of Kawasaki disease (KD) employs antiplatelet and anticoagulants, intravenous coronary thrombolysis (IVCT), and intracoronary thrombolysis (ICT). Therapeutic methods, drugs and doses vary among medical facilities. We conducted a nationwide survey of thrombolytic therapy under the auspices of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare ...
Kotani Yasuhiro - - 2013
There are a wide variety of reported techniques with few comparative trials and no current data available by which surgeons can compare their myopreservation strategies across the specialty. We therefore surveyed congenital heart surgeons to develop a profile of current practice. One hundred twenty-two members of the Congenital Heart Surgeons' Society were ...
Russo Juan J - - 2013
Data suggest that there is a variable use of thrombectomy during primary percutaneous coronary interventions (PPCI). We sought to evaluate practices during PPCI for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), including the use of aspiration thrombectomy, and to determine the feasibility of conducting a definitive aspiration thrombectomy trial. A 27-item online survey ...
Lip Gregory Y H - - 2013
The purpose of this EP wire survey was to assess clinical practice in relation to the use of left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) devices for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) among members of the European Heart Rhythm Association research network. The average number of performed LAAO was 10.6 per ...
Bhalala Utpal S - - 2012
Near-infrared spectroscopy correlation with low cardiac output has not been validated. Our objective was to determine role of splanchnic and/or renal oxygenation monitoring using near-infrared spectroscopy for detection of low cardiac output in children after surgery for congenital heart defects. Prospective observational study. Pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary ...
Lin Chien-Jung - - 2012
Heart malformations are common congenital defects in humans. Many congenital heart defects involve anomalies in cardiac septation or valve development, and understanding the developmental mechanisms that underlie the formation of cardiac septal and valvular tissues thus has important implications for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of congenital heart disease. The ...
Hasegawa Tomomi - - 2012
Postoperative junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) in children undergoing cardiac surgery is a serious arrhythmia that is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. We present here a case of successful landiolol therapy for postoperative JET in a 3-month-old infant who underwent ventricular septal defect closure and right pulmonary artery plasty. His ...
Saedi Sedigheh - - 2012
Left ventricular diverticula are congenital anomalies and are not as rare as previously thought. In adults, cardiac diverticula are generally accidental findings during imaging modalities, but concomitant disorders might frequently coexist. The pathophysiology, management, prognosis, and natural history of cardiac diverticula remain poorly understood and controversial. Definite diagnosis is often ...
Sayfo Sameh - - 2012
Abstract  Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) complicates acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in less than 0.2% of cases and is usually surgically managed by endocardial patch repair with infarct exclusion. Although successful in 80% of cases, failure of patch repair (often because of patch dehiscence) results in attempts at percutaneous closure as ...
Kim Ho Jin - - 2012
Left ventricle volume is a factor in determining the type of surgical treatment in patients with a hypoplastic left ventricle. The volume of the hypoplastic left ventricle can be measured by echocardiography and cardiac MRI. In an infant with congenital heart disease and a small left ventricle, cardiac CT was ...
Lin Ching-Hsiang - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Electrocardiography (ECG) is a useful tool for detecting ischemic heart disease. However, it has been pointed out that those ECG abnormalities resembling myocardial ischemia may be induced by extracardiac factors. We describe a 44-year-old man in whom a colonic tube was used for esophageal reconstruction via the anterior mediastinum ...
Tandon Panna - - 2012
During embryogenesis, the heart is one of the first organs to develop. Its formation requires a complex combination of migration of cardiac precursors to the ventral midline coupled with the fusion of these cardiogenic fields and subsequent cellular reorganization to form a linear heart tube. A finely controlled choreography of ...
Di Girolamo N - - 2012
A four-year-old, castrated male ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was evaluated because of a one-year history of sporadic cough. On physical examination a grade 5 of 6 holosystolic murmur was audible over the right apex of the heart. Radiographic findings included the presence of air bronchograms in apical lobes accompanied by ...
O'Neill Ailbhe C - - 2012
Ebstein's anomaly (EA) is a rare cardiac congenital malformation with displacement of septal and posterior tricuspid leaflets, resulting in atrialization of the right ventricle. We report a case of EA in which the etiology of a malfunctioning prosthetic tricuspid valve is depicted on cardiac computed tomography to be as a ...
Kutty Shelby - - 2012
Atrioventricular septal defects comprise a disease spectrum characterized by deficient atrioventricular septation, with several common features seen in all affected hearts and variability in atrioventricular valve morphology and interatrial and interventricular communications. Atrioventricular septal defects are among the more common defects encountered by pediatric cardiologists and echocardiographers. Despite advances in ...
Chugh Aman - - 2012
Intra-Atrial Conduction Block. A 42-year-old woman with a history of cardiomyopathy and multiple ablation procedures for atrial tachycardia developed intra-atrial conduction block that mimicked atrioventricular (AV) nodal block during radiofrequency ablation at the cavotricuspid isthmus. She was treated with atrial pacing (from the coronary sinus), which overcame intra-atrial conduction block ...
Gilmanov Daniyar - - 2012
Ventricular septal defect, a potentially deadly complication of transmural myocardial infarction, is often accompanied by ischaemic mitral regurgitation. It has been recognized that the presence and persistence of the latter negatively affect survival rates in patients after myocardial infarction. We present a simple endoventricular edge-to-edge technique of mitral repair using ...
Paul G K - - 2012
Single ventricle is a rare and complex congenital heart disease. Neonates with single ventricle have a high mortality. Survival into adulthood is rare without surgical intervention. A case of single ventricle with double inlet and double outlet combined with severe valvular pulmonary stenosis and mitral regurgitation (Grade II) is being ...
Ishiyama Mitsutomi - - 2012
The purpose of our study was to investigate the clinical relevance of a pseudofilling defect in the left atrial appendage (LAA) detected on coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography (CCTA) as an indicator of impaired left atrial (LA) volumetric function in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF). Forty-two patients with CAF ...
Bartel Thomas - - 2012
A 67-year-old male presented with a left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) of 21% and an atrial septal defect (ASD), the closure of which carries a risk of worsening the patients' clinical situation. The ASD contributed significantly to heart failure according to NYHA class III to IV, on the other hand. ...
Santoro Giuseppe - - 2012
Unroofed coronary sinus (coronary sinus-type atrial septal defect) is a rare congenital anomaly resulting from imperfect development of left atrio-venous fold. This malformation is not considered suitable for percutaneous treatment due to complex anatomy and risk of coronary sinus obstruction. This paper reports on the first successful treatment of partially ...
Pantalos George M - - 2012
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is often used to provide cardiopulmonary support for infants experiencing severe levels of cardiac or respiratory failure. In patients with two ventricles and no intra-atrial communication, ECMO is often complicated by limited venous return to the circuit and marked left atrial hypertension. This condition may be ...
Olabiyi Olawale O - - 2012
The secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) is noted to occur in 1 per 1,500 live births and is the fourth most common congenital heart defect (CHD) [Anzai et al. in Am J Cardiol 93:426-431, 2004]. Early complications with percutaneous closure of secundum ASDs include device malposition and embolization, arrhythmias (primarily ...
Briggs Laura E - - 2012
Partitioning of the four-chambered heart requires the proper formation, interaction and fusion of several mesenchymal tissues derived from different precursor populations that together form the atrioventricular mesenchymal complex. This includes the major endocardial cushions and the mesenchymal cap of the septum primum, which are of endocardial origin, and the dorsal ...
Tu Shu S Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093-0613J, - - 2012
The zebrafish has become an ideal vertebrate animal system for investigating cardiac development due to its genetic tractability, external fertilization, early optical clarity and ability to survive without a functional cardiovascular system during development. In particular, recent advances in imaging techniques and the creation of zebrafish transgenics now permit the ...
Middlebrooks Erik - - 2012
With an estimated incidence of ∼0.5%-2% of the population and 10% of patients with congenital heart disorders, persistent LSVC is the most common venous anomaly of the chest. Most drain via the right atrium. Rarely (7.5% of cases), the persistent LSVC may drain directly into the left atrium. These are ...
Franken Roberto A - - 2012
This review discusses atrial fibrillation according to the guidelines of Brazilian Society of Cardiac Arrhythmias and the Brazilian Cardiogeriatrics Guidelines. We stress the thromboembolic burden of atrial fibrillation and discuss how to prevent it as well as the best way to conduct cases of atrial fibrillatios in the elderly, reverting ...
Kruithof Boudewijn P T - - 2012
Cardiac cushion formation is crucial for both valvular and septal development. Disruption in this process can lead to valvular and septal malformations, which constitute the largest part of congenital heart defects. One of the signaling pathways that is important for cushion formation is the TGFβ superfamily. The involvement of TGFβ ...
Bakker E J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is associated with reduced cardiac stress compared with open repair and is an attractive therapeutic option, especially in cardiac fragile patients. General and locoregional anaesthesia differ regarding the stress response evoked by surgery. The aim of the study is to compare the incidence of cardiac ...
Monfredi Oliver - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the echocardiographic effects of percutaneous closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) in adults and assess which pre-closure parameters predict good response to closure. BACKGROUND: ASD is a common congenital heart disease often undiscovered until adulthood. ASD closure has been revolutionized by the use of percutaneous devices. ...
Uechi Masami - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether mitral valve repair (MVR) under cardiopulmonary bypass would be an effective treatment for mitral regurgitation in small-breed dogs. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-48 small-breed dogs (body weight, 1.88 to 4.65 kg [4.11 to 10.25 lb]; age, 5 to 15 years) with mitral regurgitation that underwent surgery between August ...
Takahashi Hiroaki - - 2012
Many surgical approaches have been taken when closing ventricular septal defects after correcting transposition of the great arteries in order to avoid postoperative complete heart block. We describe a residual ventricular septal shunt that developed after repair using de Leval's method in a patient with congestive heart failure. The defect ...
Lin C Huie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Double-outlet right ventricle (DORV) with a restrictive ventricular septum is a rare but highly morbid phenomenon that can be complicated by progressive left ventricular hypertrophy, arrhythmias, aneurysm formation, severe pulmonary hypertension, and death in the newborn. Surgical creation or enlargement of a ventricular septal defect (VSD) is palliative but ...
Binneto─člu Fatih Köksal - - 2012
Congenital left-ventricular diverticulum (CVD) is a rare cardiac malformation. Echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, multislice computed tomography, and left-ventricular angiography are diagnostic tools. In this case report, we present a 5-month-old infant with CVD associated with congenital ileal atresia. The diverticulum appears to be of the left-ventricular type.
Takahashi Kazuhiro - - 2012
Paroxysmal non-reentrant supraventricular tachycardia due to double ventricular response through antegrade dual atrioventricular nodal pathways by a single atrial excitation has been reported in limited adult cases but not in pediatric patients with structurally normal hearts or with congenital heart defects. We report the case of a 5-year-old boy with ...
Sakasai Yoshie - - 2012
Abstract  Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by a combination of severe defects in the middle of the chest and abdomen including intracardiac defects. Survival rate after cardiac surgery is extremely low. We present a successful staged complete repair of an omphalocele, a ventricular septal defect and ...
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