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Lip Gregory Y H - - 2013
The purpose of this EP wire survey was to assess clinical practice in relation to the use of left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) devices for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) among members of the European Heart Rhythm Association research network. The average number of performed LAAO was 10.6 per ...
Bhalala Utpal S - - 2012
Near-infrared spectroscopy correlation with low cardiac output has not been validated. Our objective was to determine role of splanchnic and/or renal oxygenation monitoring using near-infrared spectroscopy for detection of low cardiac output in children after surgery for congenital heart defects. Prospective observational study. Pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary ...
Lin Chien-Jung - - 2012
Heart malformations are common congenital defects in humans. Many congenital heart defects involve anomalies in cardiac septation or valve development, and understanding the developmental mechanisms that underlie the formation of cardiac septal and valvular tissues thus has important implications for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of congenital heart disease. The ...
Hasegawa Tomomi - - 2012
Postoperative junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) in children undergoing cardiac surgery is a serious arrhythmia that is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. We present here a case of successful landiolol therapy for postoperative JET in a 3-month-old infant who underwent ventricular septal defect closure and right pulmonary artery plasty. His ...
Saedi Sedigheh - - 2012
Left ventricular diverticula are congenital anomalies and are not as rare as previously thought. In adults, cardiac diverticula are generally accidental findings during imaging modalities, but concomitant disorders might frequently coexist. The pathophysiology, management, prognosis, and natural history of cardiac diverticula remain poorly understood and controversial. Definite diagnosis is often ...
Sayfo Sameh - - 2012
Abstract  Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) complicates acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in less than 0.2% of cases and is usually surgically managed by endocardial patch repair with infarct exclusion. Although successful in 80% of cases, failure of patch repair (often because of patch dehiscence) results in attempts at percutaneous closure as ...
Kim Ho Jin - - 2012
Left ventricle volume is a factor in determining the type of surgical treatment in patients with a hypoplastic left ventricle. The volume of the hypoplastic left ventricle can be measured by echocardiography and cardiac MRI. In an infant with congenital heart disease and a small left ventricle, cardiac CT was ...
Lin Ching-Hsiang - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Electrocardiography (ECG) is a useful tool for detecting ischemic heart disease. However, it has been pointed out that those ECG abnormalities resembling myocardial ischemia may be induced by extracardiac factors. We describe a 44-year-old man in whom a colonic tube was used for esophageal reconstruction via the anterior mediastinum ...
Tandon Panna - - 2012
During embryogenesis, the heart is one of the first organs to develop. Its formation requires a complex combination of migration of cardiac precursors to the ventral midline coupled with the fusion of these cardiogenic fields and subsequent cellular reorganization to form a linear heart tube. A finely controlled choreography of ...
Di Girolamo N - - 2012
A four-year-old, castrated male ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was evaluated because of a one-year history of sporadic cough. On physical examination a grade 5 of 6 holosystolic murmur was audible over the right apex of the heart. Radiographic findings included the presence of air bronchograms in apical lobes accompanied by ...
O'Neill Ailbhe C - - 2012
Ebstein's anomaly (EA) is a rare cardiac congenital malformation with displacement of septal and posterior tricuspid leaflets, resulting in atrialization of the right ventricle. We report a case of EA in which the etiology of a malfunctioning prosthetic tricuspid valve is depicted on cardiac computed tomography to be as a ...
Kutty Shelby - - 2012
Atrioventricular septal defects comprise a disease spectrum characterized by deficient atrioventricular septation, with several common features seen in all affected hearts and variability in atrioventricular valve morphology and interatrial and interventricular communications. Atrioventricular septal defects are among the more common defects encountered by pediatric cardiologists and echocardiographers. Despite advances in ...
Chugh Aman - - 2012
Intra-Atrial Conduction Block. A 42-year-old woman with a history of cardiomyopathy and multiple ablation procedures for atrial tachycardia developed intra-atrial conduction block that mimicked atrioventricular (AV) nodal block during radiofrequency ablation at the cavotricuspid isthmus. She was treated with atrial pacing (from the coronary sinus), which overcame intra-atrial conduction block ...
Gilmanov Daniyar - - 2012
Ventricular septal defect, a potentially deadly complication of transmural myocardial infarction, is often accompanied by ischaemic mitral regurgitation. It has been recognized that the presence and persistence of the latter negatively affect survival rates in patients after myocardial infarction. We present a simple endoventricular edge-to-edge technique of mitral repair using ...
Paul G K - - 2012
Single ventricle is a rare and complex congenital heart disease. Neonates with single ventricle have a high mortality. Survival into adulthood is rare without surgical intervention. A case of single ventricle with double inlet and double outlet combined with severe valvular pulmonary stenosis and mitral regurgitation (Grade II) is being ...
Ishiyama Mitsutomi - - 2012
The purpose of our study was to investigate the clinical relevance of a pseudofilling defect in the left atrial appendage (LAA) detected on coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography (CCTA) as an indicator of impaired left atrial (LA) volumetric function in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (CAF). Forty-two patients with CAF ...
Bartel Thomas - - 2012
A 67-year-old male presented with a left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) of 21% and an atrial septal defect (ASD), the closure of which carries a risk of worsening the patients' clinical situation. The ASD contributed significantly to heart failure according to NYHA class III to IV, on the other hand. ...
Santoro Giuseppe - - 2012
Unroofed coronary sinus (coronary sinus-type atrial septal defect) is a rare congenital anomaly resulting from imperfect development of left atrio-venous fold. This malformation is not considered suitable for percutaneous treatment due to complex anatomy and risk of coronary sinus obstruction. This paper reports on the first successful treatment of partially ...
Pantalos George M - - 2012
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is often used to provide cardiopulmonary support for infants experiencing severe levels of cardiac or respiratory failure. In patients with two ventricles and no intra-atrial communication, ECMO is often complicated by limited venous return to the circuit and marked left atrial hypertension. This condition may be ...
Olabiyi Olawale O - - 2012
The secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) is noted to occur in 1 per 1,500 live births and is the fourth most common congenital heart defect (CHD) [Anzai et al. in Am J Cardiol 93:426-431, 2004]. Early complications with percutaneous closure of secundum ASDs include device malposition and embolization, arrhythmias (primarily ...
Briggs Laura E - - 2012
Partitioning of the four-chambered heart requires the proper formation, interaction and fusion of several mesenchymal tissues derived from different precursor populations that together form the atrioventricular mesenchymal complex. This includes the major endocardial cushions and the mesenchymal cap of the septum primum, which are of endocardial origin, and the dorsal ...
Tu Shu S Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093-0613J, - - 2012
The zebrafish has become an ideal vertebrate animal system for investigating cardiac development due to its genetic tractability, external fertilization, early optical clarity and ability to survive without a functional cardiovascular system during development. In particular, recent advances in imaging techniques and the creation of zebrafish transgenics now permit the ...
Middlebrooks Erik - - 2012
With an estimated incidence of ∼0.5%-2% of the population and 10% of patients with congenital heart disorders, persistent LSVC is the most common venous anomaly of the chest. Most drain via the right atrium. Rarely (7.5% of cases), the persistent LSVC may drain directly into the left atrium. These are ...
Franken Roberto A - - 2012
This review discusses atrial fibrillation according to the guidelines of Brazilian Society of Cardiac Arrhythmias and the Brazilian Cardiogeriatrics Guidelines. We stress the thromboembolic burden of atrial fibrillation and discuss how to prevent it as well as the best way to conduct cases of atrial fibrillatios in the elderly, reverting ...
Kruithof Boudewijn P T - - 2012
Cardiac cushion formation is crucial for both valvular and septal development. Disruption in this process can lead to valvular and septal malformations, which constitute the largest part of congenital heart defects. One of the signaling pathways that is important for cushion formation is the TGFβ superfamily. The involvement of TGFβ ...
Bakker E J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is associated with reduced cardiac stress compared with open repair and is an attractive therapeutic option, especially in cardiac fragile patients. General and locoregional anaesthesia differ regarding the stress response evoked by surgery. The aim of the study is to compare the incidence of cardiac ...
Monfredi Oliver - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the echocardiographic effects of percutaneous closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) in adults and assess which pre-closure parameters predict good response to closure. BACKGROUND: ASD is a common congenital heart disease often undiscovered until adulthood. ASD closure has been revolutionized by the use of percutaneous devices. ...
Uechi Masami - - 2012
Objective-To determine whether mitral valve repair (MVR) under cardiopulmonary bypass would be an effective treatment for mitral regurgitation in small-breed dogs. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-48 small-breed dogs (body weight, 1.88 to 4.65 kg [4.11 to 10.25 lb]; age, 5 to 15 years) with mitral regurgitation that underwent surgery between August ...
Takahashi Hiroaki - - 2012
Many surgical approaches have been taken when closing ventricular septal defects after correcting transposition of the great arteries in order to avoid postoperative complete heart block. We describe a residual ventricular septal shunt that developed after repair using de Leval's method in a patient with congestive heart failure. The defect ...
Lin C Huie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Double-outlet right ventricle (DORV) with a restrictive ventricular septum is a rare but highly morbid phenomenon that can be complicated by progressive left ventricular hypertrophy, arrhythmias, aneurysm formation, severe pulmonary hypertension, and death in the newborn. Surgical creation or enlargement of a ventricular septal defect (VSD) is palliative but ...
Binneto─člu Fatih Köksal - - 2012
Congenital left-ventricular diverticulum (CVD) is a rare cardiac malformation. Echocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, multislice computed tomography, and left-ventricular angiography are diagnostic tools. In this case report, we present a 5-month-old infant with CVD associated with congenital ileal atresia. The diverticulum appears to be of the left-ventricular type.
Takahashi Kazuhiro - - 2012
Paroxysmal non-reentrant supraventricular tachycardia due to double ventricular response through antegrade dual atrioventricular nodal pathways by a single atrial excitation has been reported in limited adult cases but not in pediatric patients with structurally normal hearts or with congenital heart defects. We report the case of a 5-year-old boy with ...
Sakasai Yoshie - - 2012
Abstract  Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by a combination of severe defects in the middle of the chest and abdomen including intracardiac defects. Survival rate after cardiac surgery is extremely low. We present a successful staged complete repair of an omphalocele, a ventricular septal defect and ...
Kilicgedik A - - 2012
Postoperative ventricular septal defect (post-op VSD) after septal myectomy in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy is a rare and unexpected complication. We report a case of successful percutaneous closure of VSD following septal myectomy and mitral valve replacement in a patient with intrinsic mitral valve disease and severe mitral valve ...
Erol Cengiz - - 2012
Our aim was to evaluate congenital left ventricular wall abnormalities (clefts, aneurysms and diverticula), describe and illustrate imaging features, discuss terminology problems and determine their prevalence detected by cardiac CT in a single center. Coronary CT angiography images of 2093 adult patients were evaluated retrospectively in order to determine congenital ...
Zaffran Stéphane - - 2012
During cardiac looping the heart tube elongates by addition of progenitor cells from adjacent pharyngeal mesoderm to the arterial and venous poles. This cell population, termed the second heart field, was first identified ten years ago and many studies in the intervening decade have refined our understanding of how heart ...
Chen Ke - - 2012
Transseptal Puncture Through Amplatzer Device. Transseptal puncture is required for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. We report on a 59-year-old woman presenting with atrial fibrillation after transcatheter closure of a large-sized secundum atrial septal defect with an Amplatzer septal occluder. Direct transseptal access through the device was achieved with the aid ...
García-Fuertes Daniel - - 2012
Background: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common congenital heart diseases. Nowadays, percutaneous closure is considered the treatment of choice in most of secundum ASDs. Assessment of the defect and procedure monitoring have been usually performed by angiographic balloon-sizing and/or two-dimensional (2D) transesophageal echocardiography. However, in complex ...
Christensen Karen E - - 2012
Genetic disturbances in folate metabolism may increase risk for congenital heart defects. We examined the association of heart defects with four polymorphisms in folate-related genes (methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) c.677C > T, MTHFR c.1298A > C, methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) c.66A > G, and reduced folate carrier (SLC19A1) c.80A > G) ...
Dahdouh Ziad - - 2012
In patients with cardiogenic shock, the Extra-Corporeal Life Support (ECLS) has been shown to be lives saving. But, in some situations, it proves inadequate for the discharge of the left heart. Several device-based techniques have been proposed to decompress the left side either surgically or percutaneously, each of them with ...
Rahman F - - 2012
This prospective observational study was done to find out the frequency of various forms of congenital heart disease (CHD) diagnosed by echocardiography. During the study period (January 2002 to December 2005) 2050 patients were screened by echocardiography. All patients were evaluated by cardiologists and had chest radiograph, electrocardiogram and echocardiography. ...
Patnaik A N - - 2012
Percutaneus device closure appears to be safe and effective in patients treated for a residual shunt after initial surgical closure, as well as after two to three weeks of index myocardial infarction. The index case presented with a ventricular septal defect on second of acute myocardial infarction thrombolysed with streptokinase. ...
Yang Rong R Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors and mid-term outcomes associated with post-procedure heart blocks (PPHBs) after transcatheter closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defect (pmVSD). The development of heart blocks remains a major challenge for transcatheter closure of pmVSD. Transcatheter closure of pmVSD was carried out ...
Hummel J - - 2012
We report on a patient with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, ventricular septal defects and coronary sinusoids who suffered recurrent myocardial ischemic events that required cardiopulmonary resuscitation after stage I palliation. We identified the main reason to be a steal phenomenon of blood from the left coronary artery via the sinusoids ...
Fouilloux Virginie - - 2012
Percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defect is now commonly used. We report a rare case, and especially a rare image of aortic leaflet damage caused by percutaneous ventricular septal device. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Engleka Kurt A - - 2012
Islet1 (Isl1) has been proposed as a marker of cardiac progenitor cells derived from the second heart field and is utilized to identify and purify cardiac progenitors from murine and human specimens for ex vivo expansion. The use of Isl1 as a specific second heart field marker is dependent on ...
Sawit Simonette T - - 2012
Left atrial appendage (LAA) contrast filling defects are commonly found in patients undergoing multidetector cardiac computed tomography (CCT) before catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Delayed CCT allows quantification of the LAA delayed/initial attenuation ratio and improves accuracy for LAA thrombus detection, which may obviate routine transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) before ablation. ...
Korantzopoulos Panagiotis - - 2012
Data regarding sources of oxidative stress in the failing myocardium are sparse. Leukocytes actively participate in the oxidative damage observed in human heart failure (HF). The intracellular labile iron pool (LIP) represents a source of toxic reactive oxygen species. We studied patients with chronic systolic HF who had a left ...
Dardas Petros S - - 2012
We present the case of a patient who underwent a percutaneous secundum atrial septal defect (ASD II) closure with an undersized septal occluder device. One week and one month later she experienced two transient ischemic attacks. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed a residual patent foramen ovale (PFO) with a positive ...
Otoni Cristiane - - 2012
A 7-month-old, sexually intact male English toy spaniel weighing 4 kg was referred for evaluation of a subclinical cardiac murmur. Echocardiography disclosed fixed left ventricular outflow tract obstruction that was caused by attachment of a cleft anterior mitral valve leaflet to the interventricular septum. Neither atrial nor ventricular septal defects were ...
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